Rivista e Edizione

Volume 95 (2022): Edizione 1 (June 2022)

Volume 94 (2022): Edizione 1 (March 2022)

Volume 93 (2021): Edizione 1 (October 2021)
Special Edizione: Sociology of Sport edited by Natalia Organista, Michał Lenartowicz & Michał Jasny

Volume 92 (2021): Edizione 1 (December 2021)

Volume 91 (2021): Edizione 1 (September 2021)

Volume 90 (2021): Edizione 1 (June 2021)

Volume 89 (2021): Edizione 1 (March 2021)

Volume 88 (2020): Edizione 1 (December 2020)

Volume 87 (2020): Edizione 1 (September 2020)

Volume 86 (2020): Edizione 1 (June 2020)

Volume 85 (2020): Edizione 1 (March 2020)

Volume 84 (2019): Edizione 1 (December 2019)

Volume 83 (2019): Edizione 1 (September 2019)

Volume 82 (2019): Edizione 1 (June 2019)

Volume 81 (2019): Edizione 1 (March 2019)

Volume 80 (2018): Edizione 1 (December 2018)

Volume 79 (2018): Edizione 1 (September 2018)

Volume 78 (2018): Edizione 1 (June 2018)

Volume 77 (2018): Edizione 1 (March 2018)

Volume 76 (2017): Edizione 1 (December 2017)

Volume 75 (2017): Edizione 1 (October 2017)

Volume 74 (2017): Edizione 1 (June 2017)

Volume 73 (2017): Edizione 1 (March 2017)

Volume 72 (2016): Edizione 1 (December 2016)

Volume 71 (2016): Edizione 1 (October 2016)

Volume 70 (2016): Edizione 1 (June 2016)

Volume 69 (2016): Edizione 1 (March 2016)

Volume 68 (2015): Edizione 1 (December 2015)

Volume 67 (2015): Edizione 1 (September 2015)

Volume 66 (2015): Edizione 1 (June 2015)

Volume 65 (2015): Edizione 1 (March 2015)

Volume 64 (2014): Edizione 1 (December 2014)

Volume 63 (2014): Edizione 1 (September 2014)

Volume 62 (2014): Edizione 1 (June 2014)

Volume 61 (2014): Edizione 1 (June 2014)

Volume 60 (2013): Edizione 1 (December 2013)

Volume 59 (2013): Edizione 1 (October 2013)

Volume 58 (2013): Edizione 1 (June 2013)

Volume 57 (2013): Edizione 1 (March 2013)

Volume 56 (2012): Edizione 1 (December 2012)

Volume 55 (2012): Edizione 1 (October 2012)

Volume 54 (2012): Edizione 1 (June 2012)

Volume 53 (2011): Edizione 1 (December 2011)

Volume 52 (2011): Edizione 1 (October 2011)

Volume 51 (2011): Edizione 1 (June 2011)

Volume 50 (2010): Edizione 1 (December 2010)

Volume 49 (2010): Edizione 1 (October 2010)

Volume 48 (2010): Edizione 1 (June 2010)

Volume 47 (2009): Edizione 1 (December 2009)

Volume 46 (2009): Edizione 1 (December 2009)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1899-4849
Pubblicato per la prima volta
31 Dec 2009
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 95 (2022): Edizione 1 (June 2022)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1899-4849
Pubblicato per la prima volta
31 Dec 2009
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

7 Articoli
Accesso libero

Negative Focus, Self-Doubt, and Issues of ‘Tool Proficiency’: Beginner-Coaches’ Reflections on Reflective Practice

Pubblicato online: 23 Jun 2022
Pagine: 1 - 13

Astratto

Abstract

In the field of sports coaching education and learning, reflective practice is considered central to transforming experience and knowledge into expertise, and many governing bodies execute this through professional development and specific guidelines (Vallance, 2019). However, whilst the general consensus within academia and the vocational sector of coaching continue to espouse this approach, there is a lack of evidence to suggest how this is useful for beginner-coaches (defined as emerging-new, with less than three years of experience) as studies generally focus on expert coaches and oftentimes sit within the context of performance and/or elite sport. This study, therefore, aimed to explore the benefits and limitations of reflective practice, and to identify aspects of ideal learning for in-situ, practice-based context as perceived by beginner-coaches who operate more within recreational (although still competitive) sport fields. Situated within the UK context, the methodology comprised of semi-structured interviews conducted with six beginner-coaches. The findings demonstrated that whilst there were tangible benefits to the use of reflective practice (such as perceived additional competency and critical thinking), there were also limitations centred on time constraints, and an over-focus on negative emotions with a subsequent adverse impact on self-confidence and anxiety. The implications, including recommendations and thoughts for the future, are outlined within the paper.

Parole chiave

  • Coach Learning
  • Coach Education
  • Emotional Reflection
  • Self-Confidence
  • Decision-Making
Accesso libero

The Problematic Institutional Context of Greek Football and the Role of FIFA and UEFA

Pubblicato online: 23 Jun 2022
Pagine: 14 - 25

Astratto

Abstract

Greek football is on the periphery of European football and it frequently faces scandals and corruption issues. Also, there appears to be a correlation between the wider social and political context and football. Additionally, FIFA and UEFA arguably have contributed to the fate of Greek football. For example, in the past when the Greek government tried to intervene in football, FIFA prevented them several times with the threat of a ban. During the previous years, FIFA and UEFA decided to cooperate with the Greek government and play a more active role in Greek football. However, little has changed in the governance of Greek football. This study has examined the context, critical incidents and the role of actors in Greek football. By using the Institutional Theory approach, our analysis indicates that the institutional context is highly problematic, as the big clubs dominate the institutional mechanisms of football. Corruption appears to be deeply embedded in the structures and operations of football, while the Hellenic Football Federation is controlled by the big clubs. In parallel, there is no plan for the overall development of football, from the grassroots to the elite level. The study concludes with a recommendation for the reformation of Greek football.

Parole chiave

  • Greek football
  • FIFA
  • UEFA
  • good governance
  • corruption
Accesso libero

Investment Activities of the Polish YMCA in the Interwar Period

Pubblicato online: 23 Jun 2022
Pagine: 26 - 39

Astratto

Abstract

Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) appeared in Poland in 1918. Three years later, the American branch of the organization ceased its activity in this country. In its place the Christian Young People Association ‘Polska YMCA’ (The Polish YMCA) was established. This organization, although maintained contact with the centers of organizations in other countries, remained fully independent. The Polish YMCA was most active in large cities and centers of particular symbolic and economic importance for the Second Republic of Poland – Warsaw, Cracow, Łódź and Gdynia. The Polish YMCA was one of the most active and efficient social organizations dealing with physical education and sport in interwar Poland. It gained considerable popularity and was one of the most important institutions offering extracurricular activities for young people. One of the reasons for its success was its excellent material base. The Polish YMCA successfully built three representative buildings in the center of Cracow, Warsaw and Łódź in the interwar period. Their construction was partially financed by American funds. There were sports equipment, rare in interwar Poland, such as indoor swimming pools, sports halls and indoor tennis courts located in there. The Polish YMCA also developed the infrastructure of summer camps.

Parole chiave

  • YMCA
  • Poland
  • interwar period
  • sports infrastructure
Accesso libero

Bullying in Physical Education: Awareness of Physical Education Teachers

Pubblicato online: 23 Jun 2022
Pagine: 40 - 53

Astratto

Abstract

This study investigates how physical education (PE) teachers make sense of peer bullying, which types of behaviors they associate with peer bullying, their opinions about these behaviors, and methods for preventing bullying. The study group consisted of 18 PE teachers. The interview technique was used as a qualitative research method in the study. The data obtained after one-on-one interviews were analyzed through content analysis. According to the data obtained, PE teachers are the most important variable in the decrease or increase of peer bullying in classes. However, PE classes provide a suitable environment for the emergence of peer bullying. Additionally, bullying caused by the individual characteristics of students and environmental reasons can increase in schools, and there are generally no collective intervention programs within schools to prevent it. According to the teachers’ opinions, some of the important results are that students who are exposed to bullying experience the same fear every week in PE lessons, and although it is known that the majority of them do not want to participate in the activity in order to avoid being bullied, no solution can be found.

Parole chiave

  • Bullying
  • physical education lesson
  • teacher awareness
  • physical education teacher
Accesso libero

COVID-19 Sport Transformation: New Challenges and New Opportunities

Pubblicato online: 23 Jun 2022
Pagine: 54 - 67

Astratto

Abstract

The new pandemic lifestyle advocates new rules for sport at all levels, from amateur to elite. Consequently, it has transformed the ways in which sports are performed and consumed, provoking demand for new technologies and/or the development of existing ones. This paper aims to identify, describe, and visualize the process of sport transformation as radical internal and external industry changes brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic. It is intended to qualitatively explain the current ‘metamorphoses’ in the field and subsequently answer the question of how the COVID-19 pandemic drastically changed all aspects of sports and physical culture. The literature and empirical dataset (qualitative open-ended written interviews, N = 147) were analysed in the spirit of grounded theory, referring to the holistic approach. The results demonstrated that the COVID-19 pandemic has had an unprecedented effect on sports by touching on all aspects, levels, and stakeholders. The paper also outlines challenges and opportunities for the industry in these extraordinary times. The key dimensions of transformation are identified and explained. The findings of this research have significant implications for the understanding of how COVID-19 gave rise to the transformation of sports in different aspects. This study adds to the growing body of research on the positive and negative impacts of COVID-19 on sports, new technologies demand, and the transformation of sports.

Parole chiave

  • COVID-19
  • sports transformation
  • challenge
  • opportunity
  • technology
Accesso libero

Associations between Sports Videogames and Physical Activity in Children

Pubblicato online: 23 Jun 2022
Pagine: 68 - 75

Astratto

Abstract

Objective: The aim of the study was to examine the associations of sports video gaming behaviour in the sociological concept of Physical Activity Relationships (PAR) and to see if sports video gaming differs by gender.

Methods: A convenience sample of children between 11–12 years of age (n = 114) from three Finnish regions completed a questionnaire on perceptions of their video gaming and physical activity habits. Differences by gender were tested by contingency tables, and blockwise binary logistic regressions were used to examine the strength of association with physical activity behaviour in PAR.

Results: Almost all girls had low importance to video gaming and over two thirds (71%) reported their frequency in sports video gaming was less than monthly. Sports video gaming was positively associated with physical activity behaviours (OR = 3.4, CI = 1.3–9.0), but when combined with perceived physical activity importance and spectating in sports, the association was no longer statistically significant. There were no differences in gender for non-sports video gaming.

Conclusions: For children who partake in sports video games, the activity can be an integral part of their overall PAR. These preliminary results require further exploring prior to drawing societal implications or sports video games or applying them for intervention to promote physical activity.

Parole chiave

  • Health behaviour
  • sedentary
  • screen time
  • adolescence
  • physical activity relationships
Accesso libero

Complex Ice Hockey Team Performance Model based on Expert Interviews

Pubblicato online: 23 Jun 2022
Pagine: 76 - 84

Astratto

Abstract

Scientific research focusing on ice hockey is growing, although a complex model describing team performance is yet to be added to the knowledge base. The purpose of the study is to finalize the authors’ proposed model of ice hockey team performance and gain insights on how the included factors contribute to the operation of the team and the coach. Based on the processed literature, it was assumed that the psychological aspect is among the key factors contributing to team performance. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with highly qualified experts on Hungarian ice hockey (five national team coaches and five senior national team players). The results indicate that the psychological factors of the coach and the team are essential for high team performance, along with the influence ability of both sides, creating two-way communication and feedback loops. The practical knowledge of the coach was emphasized over theoretical knowledge, and the team’s tactical knowledge was emphasized over technical knowledge. It also emerged that the coach must know the team well in order to make appropriate decisions. The role of the coach is no longer to act as a stressor, but rather to set a good example as a role model while remaining open to feedback from the team’s side. It was concluded that although many psychological methods are available to improve performance, the use of these methods has not yet been sufficiently exploited. While the use of these methods could improve performance, the team could experience more success and make sporting activity a fundamental part of players’ health through bonding and belonging.

Parole chiave

  • Ice hockey
  • role change of coach
  • sports psychology
  • team performance
7 Articoli
Accesso libero

Negative Focus, Self-Doubt, and Issues of ‘Tool Proficiency’: Beginner-Coaches’ Reflections on Reflective Practice

Pubblicato online: 23 Jun 2022
Pagine: 1 - 13

Astratto

Abstract

In the field of sports coaching education and learning, reflective practice is considered central to transforming experience and knowledge into expertise, and many governing bodies execute this through professional development and specific guidelines (Vallance, 2019). However, whilst the general consensus within academia and the vocational sector of coaching continue to espouse this approach, there is a lack of evidence to suggest how this is useful for beginner-coaches (defined as emerging-new, with less than three years of experience) as studies generally focus on expert coaches and oftentimes sit within the context of performance and/or elite sport. This study, therefore, aimed to explore the benefits and limitations of reflective practice, and to identify aspects of ideal learning for in-situ, practice-based context as perceived by beginner-coaches who operate more within recreational (although still competitive) sport fields. Situated within the UK context, the methodology comprised of semi-structured interviews conducted with six beginner-coaches. The findings demonstrated that whilst there were tangible benefits to the use of reflective practice (such as perceived additional competency and critical thinking), there were also limitations centred on time constraints, and an over-focus on negative emotions with a subsequent adverse impact on self-confidence and anxiety. The implications, including recommendations and thoughts for the future, are outlined within the paper.

Parole chiave

  • Coach Learning
  • Coach Education
  • Emotional Reflection
  • Self-Confidence
  • Decision-Making
Accesso libero

The Problematic Institutional Context of Greek Football and the Role of FIFA and UEFA

Pubblicato online: 23 Jun 2022
Pagine: 14 - 25

Astratto

Abstract

Greek football is on the periphery of European football and it frequently faces scandals and corruption issues. Also, there appears to be a correlation between the wider social and political context and football. Additionally, FIFA and UEFA arguably have contributed to the fate of Greek football. For example, in the past when the Greek government tried to intervene in football, FIFA prevented them several times with the threat of a ban. During the previous years, FIFA and UEFA decided to cooperate with the Greek government and play a more active role in Greek football. However, little has changed in the governance of Greek football. This study has examined the context, critical incidents and the role of actors in Greek football. By using the Institutional Theory approach, our analysis indicates that the institutional context is highly problematic, as the big clubs dominate the institutional mechanisms of football. Corruption appears to be deeply embedded in the structures and operations of football, while the Hellenic Football Federation is controlled by the big clubs. In parallel, there is no plan for the overall development of football, from the grassroots to the elite level. The study concludes with a recommendation for the reformation of Greek football.

Parole chiave

  • Greek football
  • FIFA
  • UEFA
  • good governance
  • corruption
Accesso libero

Investment Activities of the Polish YMCA in the Interwar Period

Pubblicato online: 23 Jun 2022
Pagine: 26 - 39

Astratto

Abstract

Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) appeared in Poland in 1918. Three years later, the American branch of the organization ceased its activity in this country. In its place the Christian Young People Association ‘Polska YMCA’ (The Polish YMCA) was established. This organization, although maintained contact with the centers of organizations in other countries, remained fully independent. The Polish YMCA was most active in large cities and centers of particular symbolic and economic importance for the Second Republic of Poland – Warsaw, Cracow, Łódź and Gdynia. The Polish YMCA was one of the most active and efficient social organizations dealing with physical education and sport in interwar Poland. It gained considerable popularity and was one of the most important institutions offering extracurricular activities for young people. One of the reasons for its success was its excellent material base. The Polish YMCA successfully built three representative buildings in the center of Cracow, Warsaw and Łódź in the interwar period. Their construction was partially financed by American funds. There were sports equipment, rare in interwar Poland, such as indoor swimming pools, sports halls and indoor tennis courts located in there. The Polish YMCA also developed the infrastructure of summer camps.

Parole chiave

  • YMCA
  • Poland
  • interwar period
  • sports infrastructure
Accesso libero

Bullying in Physical Education: Awareness of Physical Education Teachers

Pubblicato online: 23 Jun 2022
Pagine: 40 - 53

Astratto

Abstract

This study investigates how physical education (PE) teachers make sense of peer bullying, which types of behaviors they associate with peer bullying, their opinions about these behaviors, and methods for preventing bullying. The study group consisted of 18 PE teachers. The interview technique was used as a qualitative research method in the study. The data obtained after one-on-one interviews were analyzed through content analysis. According to the data obtained, PE teachers are the most important variable in the decrease or increase of peer bullying in classes. However, PE classes provide a suitable environment for the emergence of peer bullying. Additionally, bullying caused by the individual characteristics of students and environmental reasons can increase in schools, and there are generally no collective intervention programs within schools to prevent it. According to the teachers’ opinions, some of the important results are that students who are exposed to bullying experience the same fear every week in PE lessons, and although it is known that the majority of them do not want to participate in the activity in order to avoid being bullied, no solution can be found.

Parole chiave

  • Bullying
  • physical education lesson
  • teacher awareness
  • physical education teacher
Accesso libero

COVID-19 Sport Transformation: New Challenges and New Opportunities

Pubblicato online: 23 Jun 2022
Pagine: 54 - 67

Astratto

Abstract

The new pandemic lifestyle advocates new rules for sport at all levels, from amateur to elite. Consequently, it has transformed the ways in which sports are performed and consumed, provoking demand for new technologies and/or the development of existing ones. This paper aims to identify, describe, and visualize the process of sport transformation as radical internal and external industry changes brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic. It is intended to qualitatively explain the current ‘metamorphoses’ in the field and subsequently answer the question of how the COVID-19 pandemic drastically changed all aspects of sports and physical culture. The literature and empirical dataset (qualitative open-ended written interviews, N = 147) were analysed in the spirit of grounded theory, referring to the holistic approach. The results demonstrated that the COVID-19 pandemic has had an unprecedented effect on sports by touching on all aspects, levels, and stakeholders. The paper also outlines challenges and opportunities for the industry in these extraordinary times. The key dimensions of transformation are identified and explained. The findings of this research have significant implications for the understanding of how COVID-19 gave rise to the transformation of sports in different aspects. This study adds to the growing body of research on the positive and negative impacts of COVID-19 on sports, new technologies demand, and the transformation of sports.

Parole chiave

  • COVID-19
  • sports transformation
  • challenge
  • opportunity
  • technology
Accesso libero

Associations between Sports Videogames and Physical Activity in Children

Pubblicato online: 23 Jun 2022
Pagine: 68 - 75

Astratto

Abstract

Objective: The aim of the study was to examine the associations of sports video gaming behaviour in the sociological concept of Physical Activity Relationships (PAR) and to see if sports video gaming differs by gender.

Methods: A convenience sample of children between 11–12 years of age (n = 114) from three Finnish regions completed a questionnaire on perceptions of their video gaming and physical activity habits. Differences by gender were tested by contingency tables, and blockwise binary logistic regressions were used to examine the strength of association with physical activity behaviour in PAR.

Results: Almost all girls had low importance to video gaming and over two thirds (71%) reported their frequency in sports video gaming was less than monthly. Sports video gaming was positively associated with physical activity behaviours (OR = 3.4, CI = 1.3–9.0), but when combined with perceived physical activity importance and spectating in sports, the association was no longer statistically significant. There were no differences in gender for non-sports video gaming.

Conclusions: For children who partake in sports video games, the activity can be an integral part of their overall PAR. These preliminary results require further exploring prior to drawing societal implications or sports video games or applying them for intervention to promote physical activity.

Parole chiave

  • Health behaviour
  • sedentary
  • screen time
  • adolescence
  • physical activity relationships
Accesso libero

Complex Ice Hockey Team Performance Model based on Expert Interviews

Pubblicato online: 23 Jun 2022
Pagine: 76 - 84

Astratto

Abstract

Scientific research focusing on ice hockey is growing, although a complex model describing team performance is yet to be added to the knowledge base. The purpose of the study is to finalize the authors’ proposed model of ice hockey team performance and gain insights on how the included factors contribute to the operation of the team and the coach. Based on the processed literature, it was assumed that the psychological aspect is among the key factors contributing to team performance. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with highly qualified experts on Hungarian ice hockey (five national team coaches and five senior national team players). The results indicate that the psychological factors of the coach and the team are essential for high team performance, along with the influence ability of both sides, creating two-way communication and feedback loops. The practical knowledge of the coach was emphasized over theoretical knowledge, and the team’s tactical knowledge was emphasized over technical knowledge. It also emerged that the coach must know the team well in order to make appropriate decisions. The role of the coach is no longer to act as a stressor, but rather to set a good example as a role model while remaining open to feedback from the team’s side. It was concluded that although many psychological methods are available to improve performance, the use of these methods has not yet been sufficiently exploited. While the use of these methods could improve performance, the team could experience more success and make sporting activity a fundamental part of players’ health through bonding and belonging.

Parole chiave

  • Ice hockey
  • role change of coach
  • sports psychology
  • team performance

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