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Special Edizione: Sociology of Sport edited by Natalia Organista, Michał Lenartowicz & Michał Jasny

Volume 92 (2021): Edizione 1 (December 2021)

Volume 91 (2021): Edizione 1 (September 2021)

Volume 90 (2021): Edizione 1 (June 2021)

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Volume 88 (2020): Edizione 1 (December 2020)

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Volume 86 (2020): Edizione 1 (June 2020)

Volume 85 (2020): Edizione 1 (March 2020)

Volume 84 (2019): Edizione 1 (December 2019)

Volume 83 (2019): Edizione 1 (September 2019)

Volume 82 (2019): Edizione 1 (June 2019)

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Volume 80 (2018): Edizione 1 (December 2018)

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Volume 78 (2018): Edizione 1 (June 2018)

Volume 77 (2018): Edizione 1 (March 2018)

Volume 76 (2017): Edizione 1 (December 2017)

Volume 75 (2017): Edizione 1 (October 2017)

Volume 74 (2017): Edizione 1 (June 2017)

Volume 73 (2017): Edizione 1 (March 2017)

Volume 72 (2016): Edizione 1 (December 2016)

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Volume 60 (2013): Edizione 1 (December 2013)

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Volume 49 (2010): Edizione 1 (October 2010)

Volume 48 (2010): Edizione 1 (June 2010)

Volume 47 (2009): Edizione 1 (December 2009)

Volume 46 (2009): Edizione 1 (December 2009)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1899-4849
Pubblicato per la prima volta
31 Dec 2009
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 75 (2017): Edizione 1 (October 2017)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1899-4849
Pubblicato per la prima volta
31 Dec 2009
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

8 Articoli
access type Accesso libero

Is Competitive Elite Sport Really Morally Corrupt?

Pubblicato online: 23 Oct 2017
Pagine: 5 - 14

Astratto

Abstract

It has been argued that competitive elite sport both a) reduces the humanity of athletes by turning them into beings whose sole value is determined in relation to others, and b) is motivated by a celebration of the genetically superior and humiliation of the weak. This paper argues that while a) is a morally reproachable attitude to competition, it is not what competitive elite sport revolves around, and that b) simply is not the essence of competitive elite sport. Competitive elite sport is an exploration of the physical and mental demands of sport. Finally, the paper explores a number of consequences of the different views of sport with respect to the problem of intersexual women.

Parole chiave

  • sport
  • competition
  • intersexual women
  • genetic superiority
  • humiliation of the weak
  • celebration of the strong
access type Accesso libero

Wisdom of the Body in Sport and Exercise Practices

Pubblicato online: 23 Oct 2017
Pagine: 15 - 22

Astratto

Abstract

Two alternative ancient views on medicine and health can be distinguished in western antiquity: first, that the knowledge of the doctor is sufficient, and second, that health is primarily a consequence of adapting one’s own life to the wisdom of the body. The body works according to its own laws, has its own “logic,” and speaks its own language. Therefore, listening to the body can be an important source of information for a healthy human life. The body is not merely an object for human manipulation and “the prison of the soul,” but a source of learning and knowledge. It seems that people rarely listen to their own bodies; however, the ancient wisdom of listening to the body is still present and cultivated in modern sports training. Good athletes and trainers are the ones who learn from the body and recognize its messages. In this article, we focus on four aspects of wisdom of the body, presented through four virtues: prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance. The body teaches us temperance and justice; for example, when someone exaggerates too much, the body produces the feeling of pain. The body is a source of fortitude and persistence when rest and healing is needed. The body is a source of prudence or truth about oneself when we face the physical demands of sport. Therefore, through modern sports practices, the perennial wisdom of the body is still accessible to the modern man.

Parole chiave

  • body
  • wisdom
  • sport
  • cardinal virtues
access type Accesso libero

A Qualitative Exploration of Former College Student-Athletes’ Wellness

Pubblicato online: 23 Oct 2017
Pagine: 23 - 34

Astratto

Abstract

College student-athletes (SAs) may experience difficulties while transitioning from college, which could reduce their overall wellness. However, it is essential to understand positive transition experiences and outcomes, as this can guide future research and intervention efforts. The purpose of this study was to explore the factors that led to higher levels of wellness in former SAs. Semi-structured interviews guided by the Indivisible Self Model were completed with former SAs (n = 12). Overall, participants displayed high levels of wellness - most prominently in terms of work and exercise. Many SAs perceived their current wellness was equal, if not better compared to when they were SAs. These results illustrate examples of successful transitions of former SAs, which can guide future research and interventions.

Parole chiave

  • sport retirement
  • indivisible self model
access type Accesso libero

Pilgrimage: Intrinsic Motivation and Active Behavior in the Eldery

Pubblicato online: 23 Oct 2017
Pagine: 35 - 42

Astratto

Abstract

Can intrinsic religious motivation have relevant effects on the motor activity of older people? How are processions and pilgrimages related to the dominant imagination of old age as a period of fatigue and gray hair, suffering and loneliness, retirement and rest – and of waiting: waiting for a call from a loved one, waiting for the visit of a good companion, or, finally, expecting the end of life?

This study is based on interviews with people from different countries, cultures, and religions.

They show that a pilgrimage can push the elderly to do physical activities of some importance that are at the same time related to some sort of religious motivation.

The pilgrim’s walking in itself, as well as the achievement of its goal, helps people to reconsider their quality of life and active behavior. Elderly people also experience their independence, which perhaps was considered to be lost, with a pilgrimage, giving a new meaning to their aging. In light of these activities, old age becomes a period not just of physical and mental decay, but of self-discovery. It becomes an age that allows one to do something that one has not done during one’s youth. And pilgrimages give people time to discover themselves – they have the chance to work on their own personality and social identity. This contributes to the understanding of their health and of their quality of life in a deeper sense.

Parole chiave

  • health
  • aging
  • movement
  • religion
  • spirituality
access type Accesso libero

Illusory Facets of Sport: The Case of the Duke University Basketball Team

Pubblicato online: 23 Oct 2017
Pagine: 43 - 54

Astratto

Abstract

In the society of the spectacle, illusion is an omnipresent phenomenon. It is used to distract the masses from issues crucial to their existence and to support a system of oppression. However, there is also a “lighter” side of illusion: it creates celebrities and helps sell products (films, music albums, sneakers, etc.). While the connotation is that spectacle uses illusion in order to present the ordinary or negative as extraordinary and positive (e.g., promiscuous athletes talking about family values), it is also possible for a reverse illusory process to take place, resulting in the regular being presented as irregular (e.g., a physical player presented as “aggressive”, such as Kermit Washington). Unlike the deliberate use of illusion by the architects of the spectacle, this reverse process happens spontaneously.

This spontaneously generated illusion is especially evident in the world of sports. In this study, we focus on the Duke basketball team during the Mike Krzyzewski era. Since the early 1990s, Duke’s basketball team has been considered a team of unathletic, clean-cut, and well-off individuals. As these qualities are stereotypically associated with white players or “white America” in general, Duke was categorized as a white, privileged team, with its African American players being perceived as tokens or “Uncle-Toms.” We are not calling these illusions – at least not yet – as the validity of that opinion needs to be measured first. Before making our definite claim, we will analyze Duke’s history during the era of Krzyzewski in order to determine whether the common perception regarding the roster (mostly white and privileged) is true or just an illusion. Our aim is to present why both the hate and reverence of the Duke University basketball team are caused by various illusions concerning the team in particular and academic sports in general.

Parole chiave

  • spectacle
  • sports
  • iIllusions
  • values
  • succes
  • race
  • class
access type Accesso libero

The Situation of Young Mothers in Changing Social and Economic Circumstances in Some Eastern European Countries

Pubblicato online: 23 Oct 2017
Pagine: 55 - 62

Astratto

Abstract

In 2011, we conducted a comparative research study in the V4 countries and in Romania among young mothers who had given birth in the past up to three years prior. In consolidated historical periods, sweeping changes seldom occur over five years. However, noticing how the worldwide financial and economic crisis of 2007-2011 had a varying impact on the countries of the Eastern European region, we became interested in discovering how the social and economic changes influenced the working status of some young mothers and their health-related customs, including their physical activity, back pain, and smoking habits. In 2016, we had the chance to repeat the essence of the previous research in Hungary, Romania, and the Slovak Republic. The objective of this paper is to present the major results of the second study and compare them with the findings of our previous investigation. The methods used in the present research were borrowed from the previous one; the findings of the two investigations can thus be fairly compared. The results are presented according to the following sub-topics: the young mothers’ working status, use of childcare frequency of physical activity, presence of back pain, and smoking habits. In conclusion, it is stated that the relevant changes in the young mothers’ social and economic environment serve as a fair explanation for their changing situations in the studied countries.

Parole chiave

  • young mothers
  • working status
  • physical activity
  • back pain
  • smoking habits
access type Accesso libero

Monika Piątkowska as a Researcher in Sport Sciences and Sport Management

Pubblicato online: 23 Oct 2017
Pagine: 63 - 72

Astratto

Abstract

This is the fifth article of the cycle of portraits of the members of the Editorial Board and Editorial Advisory Board of the journal Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research. These members are social scientists who research the issue of sport. Among them, there are many world-class professors, rectors, and deans of excellent universities, founders, presidents, and secretaries-general of continental and international scientific societies and editors of high-scoring journals related to social sciences focusing on sport. The idea of presenting portraits of individual editors of our writings has already gained recognition in the Far East. Editor-in-Chief Young Lee of the International Journal of Eastern Sports & Physical Education has decided to introduce Corner of Editors, which will also present all members of the Editorial Board.

The biography we present here in this volume of our journal refers to a Polish scholar, educationist, and manager, Monika Piątkowska, Deputy Editor of our Journal and Head of the Department of Organization and History of Sport at the Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education.

Parole chiave

  • education
  • academic achievements
  • awards
  • publications
access type Accesso libero

Erratum

Pubblicato online: 23 Oct 2017
Pagine: 73 - 73

Astratto

8 Articoli
access type Accesso libero

Is Competitive Elite Sport Really Morally Corrupt?

Pubblicato online: 23 Oct 2017
Pagine: 5 - 14

Astratto

Abstract

It has been argued that competitive elite sport both a) reduces the humanity of athletes by turning them into beings whose sole value is determined in relation to others, and b) is motivated by a celebration of the genetically superior and humiliation of the weak. This paper argues that while a) is a morally reproachable attitude to competition, it is not what competitive elite sport revolves around, and that b) simply is not the essence of competitive elite sport. Competitive elite sport is an exploration of the physical and mental demands of sport. Finally, the paper explores a number of consequences of the different views of sport with respect to the problem of intersexual women.

Parole chiave

  • sport
  • competition
  • intersexual women
  • genetic superiority
  • humiliation of the weak
  • celebration of the strong
access type Accesso libero

Wisdom of the Body in Sport and Exercise Practices

Pubblicato online: 23 Oct 2017
Pagine: 15 - 22

Astratto

Abstract

Two alternative ancient views on medicine and health can be distinguished in western antiquity: first, that the knowledge of the doctor is sufficient, and second, that health is primarily a consequence of adapting one’s own life to the wisdom of the body. The body works according to its own laws, has its own “logic,” and speaks its own language. Therefore, listening to the body can be an important source of information for a healthy human life. The body is not merely an object for human manipulation and “the prison of the soul,” but a source of learning and knowledge. It seems that people rarely listen to their own bodies; however, the ancient wisdom of listening to the body is still present and cultivated in modern sports training. Good athletes and trainers are the ones who learn from the body and recognize its messages. In this article, we focus on four aspects of wisdom of the body, presented through four virtues: prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance. The body teaches us temperance and justice; for example, when someone exaggerates too much, the body produces the feeling of pain. The body is a source of fortitude and persistence when rest and healing is needed. The body is a source of prudence or truth about oneself when we face the physical demands of sport. Therefore, through modern sports practices, the perennial wisdom of the body is still accessible to the modern man.

Parole chiave

  • body
  • wisdom
  • sport
  • cardinal virtues
access type Accesso libero

A Qualitative Exploration of Former College Student-Athletes’ Wellness

Pubblicato online: 23 Oct 2017
Pagine: 23 - 34

Astratto

Abstract

College student-athletes (SAs) may experience difficulties while transitioning from college, which could reduce their overall wellness. However, it is essential to understand positive transition experiences and outcomes, as this can guide future research and intervention efforts. The purpose of this study was to explore the factors that led to higher levels of wellness in former SAs. Semi-structured interviews guided by the Indivisible Self Model were completed with former SAs (n = 12). Overall, participants displayed high levels of wellness - most prominently in terms of work and exercise. Many SAs perceived their current wellness was equal, if not better compared to when they were SAs. These results illustrate examples of successful transitions of former SAs, which can guide future research and interventions.

Parole chiave

  • sport retirement
  • indivisible self model
access type Accesso libero

Pilgrimage: Intrinsic Motivation and Active Behavior in the Eldery

Pubblicato online: 23 Oct 2017
Pagine: 35 - 42

Astratto

Abstract

Can intrinsic religious motivation have relevant effects on the motor activity of older people? How are processions and pilgrimages related to the dominant imagination of old age as a period of fatigue and gray hair, suffering and loneliness, retirement and rest – and of waiting: waiting for a call from a loved one, waiting for the visit of a good companion, or, finally, expecting the end of life?

This study is based on interviews with people from different countries, cultures, and religions.

They show that a pilgrimage can push the elderly to do physical activities of some importance that are at the same time related to some sort of religious motivation.

The pilgrim’s walking in itself, as well as the achievement of its goal, helps people to reconsider their quality of life and active behavior. Elderly people also experience their independence, which perhaps was considered to be lost, with a pilgrimage, giving a new meaning to their aging. In light of these activities, old age becomes a period not just of physical and mental decay, but of self-discovery. It becomes an age that allows one to do something that one has not done during one’s youth. And pilgrimages give people time to discover themselves – they have the chance to work on their own personality and social identity. This contributes to the understanding of their health and of their quality of life in a deeper sense.

Parole chiave

  • health
  • aging
  • movement
  • religion
  • spirituality
access type Accesso libero

Illusory Facets of Sport: The Case of the Duke University Basketball Team

Pubblicato online: 23 Oct 2017
Pagine: 43 - 54

Astratto

Abstract

In the society of the spectacle, illusion is an omnipresent phenomenon. It is used to distract the masses from issues crucial to their existence and to support a system of oppression. However, there is also a “lighter” side of illusion: it creates celebrities and helps sell products (films, music albums, sneakers, etc.). While the connotation is that spectacle uses illusion in order to present the ordinary or negative as extraordinary and positive (e.g., promiscuous athletes talking about family values), it is also possible for a reverse illusory process to take place, resulting in the regular being presented as irregular (e.g., a physical player presented as “aggressive”, such as Kermit Washington). Unlike the deliberate use of illusion by the architects of the spectacle, this reverse process happens spontaneously.

This spontaneously generated illusion is especially evident in the world of sports. In this study, we focus on the Duke basketball team during the Mike Krzyzewski era. Since the early 1990s, Duke’s basketball team has been considered a team of unathletic, clean-cut, and well-off individuals. As these qualities are stereotypically associated with white players or “white America” in general, Duke was categorized as a white, privileged team, with its African American players being perceived as tokens or “Uncle-Toms.” We are not calling these illusions – at least not yet – as the validity of that opinion needs to be measured first. Before making our definite claim, we will analyze Duke’s history during the era of Krzyzewski in order to determine whether the common perception regarding the roster (mostly white and privileged) is true or just an illusion. Our aim is to present why both the hate and reverence of the Duke University basketball team are caused by various illusions concerning the team in particular and academic sports in general.

Parole chiave

  • spectacle
  • sports
  • iIllusions
  • values
  • succes
  • race
  • class
access type Accesso libero

The Situation of Young Mothers in Changing Social and Economic Circumstances in Some Eastern European Countries

Pubblicato online: 23 Oct 2017
Pagine: 55 - 62

Astratto

Abstract

In 2011, we conducted a comparative research study in the V4 countries and in Romania among young mothers who had given birth in the past up to three years prior. In consolidated historical periods, sweeping changes seldom occur over five years. However, noticing how the worldwide financial and economic crisis of 2007-2011 had a varying impact on the countries of the Eastern European region, we became interested in discovering how the social and economic changes influenced the working status of some young mothers and their health-related customs, including their physical activity, back pain, and smoking habits. In 2016, we had the chance to repeat the essence of the previous research in Hungary, Romania, and the Slovak Republic. The objective of this paper is to present the major results of the second study and compare them with the findings of our previous investigation. The methods used in the present research were borrowed from the previous one; the findings of the two investigations can thus be fairly compared. The results are presented according to the following sub-topics: the young mothers’ working status, use of childcare frequency of physical activity, presence of back pain, and smoking habits. In conclusion, it is stated that the relevant changes in the young mothers’ social and economic environment serve as a fair explanation for their changing situations in the studied countries.

Parole chiave

  • young mothers
  • working status
  • physical activity
  • back pain
  • smoking habits
access type Accesso libero

Monika Piątkowska as a Researcher in Sport Sciences and Sport Management

Pubblicato online: 23 Oct 2017
Pagine: 63 - 72

Astratto

Abstract

This is the fifth article of the cycle of portraits of the members of the Editorial Board and Editorial Advisory Board of the journal Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research. These members are social scientists who research the issue of sport. Among them, there are many world-class professors, rectors, and deans of excellent universities, founders, presidents, and secretaries-general of continental and international scientific societies and editors of high-scoring journals related to social sciences focusing on sport. The idea of presenting portraits of individual editors of our writings has already gained recognition in the Far East. Editor-in-Chief Young Lee of the International Journal of Eastern Sports & Physical Education has decided to introduce Corner of Editors, which will also present all members of the Editorial Board.

The biography we present here in this volume of our journal refers to a Polish scholar, educationist, and manager, Monika Piątkowska, Deputy Editor of our Journal and Head of the Department of Organization and History of Sport at the Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education.

Parole chiave

  • education
  • academic achievements
  • awards
  • publications
access type Accesso libero

Erratum

Pubblicato online: 23 Oct 2017
Pagine: 73 - 73

Astratto

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