Rivista e Edizione

Volume 95 (2022): Edizione 1 (June 2022)

Volume 94 (2022): Edizione 1 (March 2022)

Volume 93 (2021): Edizione 1 (October 2021)
Special Edizione: Sociology of Sport edited by Natalia Organista, Michał Lenartowicz & Michał Jasny

Volume 92 (2021): Edizione 1 (December 2021)

Volume 91 (2021): Edizione 1 (September 2021)

Volume 90 (2021): Edizione 1 (June 2021)

Volume 89 (2021): Edizione 1 (March 2021)

Volume 88 (2020): Edizione 1 (December 2020)

Volume 87 (2020): Edizione 1 (September 2020)

Volume 86 (2020): Edizione 1 (June 2020)

Volume 85 (2020): Edizione 1 (March 2020)

Volume 84 (2019): Edizione 1 (December 2019)

Volume 83 (2019): Edizione 1 (September 2019)

Volume 82 (2019): Edizione 1 (June 2019)

Volume 81 (2019): Edizione 1 (March 2019)

Volume 80 (2018): Edizione 1 (December 2018)

Volume 79 (2018): Edizione 1 (September 2018)

Volume 78 (2018): Edizione 1 (June 2018)

Volume 77 (2018): Edizione 1 (March 2018)

Volume 76 (2017): Edizione 1 (December 2017)

Volume 75 (2017): Edizione 1 (October 2017)

Volume 74 (2017): Edizione 1 (June 2017)

Volume 73 (2017): Edizione 1 (March 2017)

Volume 72 (2016): Edizione 1 (December 2016)

Volume 71 (2016): Edizione 1 (October 2016)

Volume 70 (2016): Edizione 1 (June 2016)

Volume 69 (2016): Edizione 1 (March 2016)

Volume 68 (2015): Edizione 1 (December 2015)

Volume 67 (2015): Edizione 1 (September 2015)

Volume 66 (2015): Edizione 1 (June 2015)

Volume 65 (2015): Edizione 1 (March 2015)

Volume 64 (2014): Edizione 1 (December 2014)

Volume 63 (2014): Edizione 1 (September 2014)

Volume 62 (2014): Edizione 1 (June 2014)

Volume 61 (2014): Edizione 1 (June 2014)

Volume 60 (2013): Edizione 1 (December 2013)

Volume 59 (2013): Edizione 1 (October 2013)

Volume 58 (2013): Edizione 1 (June 2013)

Volume 57 (2013): Edizione 1 (March 2013)

Volume 56 (2012): Edizione 1 (December 2012)

Volume 55 (2012): Edizione 1 (October 2012)

Volume 54 (2012): Edizione 1 (June 2012)

Volume 53 (2011): Edizione 1 (December 2011)

Volume 52 (2011): Edizione 1 (October 2011)

Volume 51 (2011): Edizione 1 (June 2011)

Volume 50 (2010): Edizione 1 (December 2010)

Volume 49 (2010): Edizione 1 (October 2010)

Volume 48 (2010): Edizione 1 (June 2010)

Volume 47 (2009): Edizione 1 (December 2009)

Volume 46 (2009): Edizione 1 (December 2009)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1899-4849
Pubblicato per la prima volta
31 Dec 2009
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 85 (2020): Edizione 1 (March 2020)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1899-4849
Pubblicato per la prima volta
31 Dec 2009
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

7 Articoli
Accesso libero

The Evaluation of Cohesion in the Sports Groups within a Romanian City

Pubblicato online: 24 Feb 2020
Pagine: 1 - 13

Astratto

Abstract

We propose to conduct an analysis, by studying the influences exercised by certain variables (the biological gender, the ranking and the sociomotor space) on the level of cohesion among the sports teams in the municipality of Iaşi, Romania, evolving in the first leagues. A questionnaire was conducted on a number of 158 athletes (55 females, 103 males) who practice basketball, soccer, handball, rugby, volleyball. The responders answered the questionnaire regarding the group environment (GEQ). Factor analysis groups the items on two factors at the level of the Romanian subjects. The homogeneity of the instrument was evaluated for the entire scale, as well as independently for each of the two factors. The gender variable does not influence the level of social cohesion and the one of task cohesion among the sports teams taken into account. The ranking does not influence task cohesion among the teams studied. Both the ranking and the level of sociomotor space, as independent variables, determine significant differences regarding the level of social cohesion among the teams studied. The sociomotor space variable determines at the level of the teams sportive studied significant differences also regarding task cohesion.

Parole chiave

  • group cohesion
  • local sports teams
  • psychometric evaluation
Accesso libero

Motivation for Participation in Sports Based on Athletes in Team and Individual Sports

Pubblicato online: 24 Feb 2020
Pagine: 14 - 21

Astratto

Abstract

There are many reasons why individuals are motivated to participate in sports. For athletes to participate in and keep up exercise, investigating the participation motivation of athletes is necessary. The aim of this study was to compare sport participation motivation of athletes in team and individual disciplines. The sample consisted of 265 athletes including four teams from football, volleyball, basketball, and handball and two individual disciplines of kung fu and taekwondo which were randomly selected. The 30-item sports participation motivation questionnaire (PMQ) was used. Analysis of data was conducted by the use of independent-samples t-test. The results showed that there is a significant difference between the sports participation motivation of athletes in a team and individual sports as well as between male and female athletes. But, among the components of the sports participation motivation, only the aspect of achievement in a team and individual sports and the aspect of finding friendship in male and female athletes existed, no other significant difference was observed. The results of this study show that sports discipline and the athlete’s gender is effective in motivating athletes’ continuation and commitment to a physical activity.

Parole chiave

  • athletes
  • motivation
  • sports participation
  • team and individual sport disciplines
Accesso libero

Motivation Psychological Characteristics of Canoe-Kayak Sprint Elite Youth Athletes

Pubblicato online: 24 Feb 2020
Pagine: 22 - 29

Astratto

Abstract

The objective of the current study was the investigation of anxiety and satisfaction levels among Elite Greek Youth athletes of Canoe-Kayak Sprint. Additionally, whether elements such as gender, age, athletic experience, and weekly practice-time, differentiated the sample. 122 athletes, (61 males and 61 females) between the ages of 15-17 yrs. old, who competed in the Hellenic Federation’s Canoe-Kayak Sprint National Championships. Study participants were invited to complete two questionnaires: a) the Greek version of “CSAI-2” (Stavrou, Zervas, Kakkos, & Psichoundaki, 1998), and b) the Greek version of the “Athlete Satisfaction” scale (Bebetsos & Theodorakis, 2003). Results of the conducted study revealed that the sample differentiated: a) on somatic, and cognitive anxiety, according to their athletic experience, and b) on somatic, and cognitive anxiety, self-confidence, leadership, and personal outcome, according to their weekly practice-time. Finally, no sex differences were found in any questionnaire variable. In conclusion, the survey results highlighted the importance of the psychological factors tested on Canoe-Kayak Sprint athletes’ performance. Knowing and understanding athletes’ psychological state, can help them out (the athletes) in identifying aspects such as stress and satisfaction that directly affect their racing performance.

Parole chiave

  • cognitive anxiety
  • somatic anxiety
  • self-confidence
  • leadership
  • personal outcome
Accesso libero

Influence of Volitional Competencies on Achievement Goals of People with Physical Disability in Physical Activity Settings

Pubblicato online: 24 Feb 2020
Pagine: 30 - 39

Astratto

Abstract

This study’s purpose was to investigate any possible relationship between the goal perspectives (task and ego orientation) and volitional competences (persistence, expedience, and purposefulness) in physical activities settings. Participants were 134 people with a physical disability (103 men and 31 women) with age ranging from 14 to 67 years. All participants participated in physical activities. Participants filled out the Measure Athletes’ Volition – Short (MAV-S), and Task and Ego Orientation in Sports Questionnaire (TEOSQ). Results revealed that volitional competencies are predictors goal perspectives in physical activity settings. In addition, the findings showed that the expedience is a stronger predictor to task orientation, while persistence competence is to ego orientation. In conclusion, the present study is considered to offer new knowledge on the achievement goal orientation people with physical disabilities in physical activity contexts. The first one is that volitional competencies (expedience and purposefulness) are significantly positive predictors of task orientation. The second conclusion is that persistence competence is significantly positive predictor, while purposefulness competence is negative predictor of ego orientation.

Parole chiave

  • volition
  • achievement goals
  • physical disability
  • physical activities
Accesso libero

Body Image, Physical Activity and Sport Involvement: A Study on Gender Differences

Pubblicato online: 24 Feb 2020
Pagine: 40 - 49

Astratto

Abstract

The aim of this study is to examine whether sport involvement i.e. identification with the domain of sports affect satisfaction with body image in men and women. 158 respondents from a tertiary educational institution provided data on their satisfaction with their body image, level of sport involvement, and level of physical activity. Independent t-tests were conducted to compare differences between and within genders. Female respondents (n=40) who were high in sport involvement reported a significantly lower level of dissatisfaction with their body image (M=.55, SD=.78) when compared to female respondents (n=44) who were low in sport involvement (M=.84, SD=.83; t=1.65, p<.05). There was no significant difference amongst male respondents. There was also no significant difference in satisfaction with body image across groups with varying levels of physical activity. This suggests that being involved in sport can affect body image satisfaction amongst females.

Parole chiave

  • body image satisfaction
  • sport involvement
  • gender differences
Accesso libero

A Comparative Study of Leisure Constraints in Outdoor Leisure Activities Depending on Recognition of the Level of Particulate Matter (PM10): Focused on Golf Participants in the Republic of Korea

Pubblicato online: 24 Feb 2020
Pagine: 50 - 58

Astratto

Abstract

Particulate matter, one of the most recent social problems in Korea, not only poses a threat to people’s health, but is also emerging as a constraint to discourage outdoor leisure activities. Golf, a leisure sport played outdoors for hours, is not free from such a threat, and now is time to analyze golfers’ recognition of particulate matter. To examine whether particulate matter, among other constraints for golfers, had a significant effect as well as how golfers recognized particulate matter, we used 324 collected questionnaires in this study. After exploratory factor analysis and reliability analysis through SPSS 23.0, we divided questionnaire participants into recognition and non-recognition groups based on whether they checked and recognized atmospheric conditions, including particulate matter, before playing golf, and used multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) to compare and analyze leisure constraints. Respondents in the recognition group who recognized particulate matter in advance experienced participation constraints in weather and health factors, while those in the non-recognition group experienced participation constraints in skill and confidence factors. In other words, respondents participated in outdoor leisure activities even though they recognized the level of hazardous particulate matter in the air beforehand, and particulate matter worked as a participation constraint for them; this finding confirmed that it will be necessary in the future to take preventative action more actively against the danger of particulate matter.

Parole chiave

  • Fine dust
  • golf
  • particulate matter (PM)
  • leisure constraints
  • public health
Accesso libero

Socioecological Profile of Active Adults. Sport as a Whole-life Choice

Pubblicato online: 24 Feb 2020
Pagine: 59 - 76

Astratto

Abstract

Hitherto empirical research provides insight on particular dimensions or aspects thereof, but analyses that include diverse determinants of the physical activity are scarcer. The aim of the research was to examine the profile of adults who engage in sport activity, using a multi-layer, socio-ecological approach. Combined database: The Social Diagnosis 2015, The Statistics Poland 2014, and the Orliki 2012 was applied. The resulting sample consists of 8,361 adult respondents aged 25–70 years. Sport activity and sport clubs’ membership were measured as dependent variables. According to the Bronfenbrenner’s layered model number of outcome variables were described. While being consistent with fundamental facts known from the literature (e.g. significance of age, education, family, social networks and cultural aspects, the results point to a heterogeneity in determining sport activity. Firstly, women and men differ qualitatively – the set of characteristics important for sport activity is different. For example, while minor health issues seem to instigate activity of women, for men they are rather negatively related. Secondly, different factors are relevant for initiating the activity than for sustaining it. Furthermore, sport activity is rather positively related to other activities related to social life or to the life-long learning. This suggests that a substitution effect, in terms of time, is less important than the general tendency to be engaged in different aspects of life. Lastly, active membership of sports clubs is not only rare, but also qualitatively differs from sports activity in terms of socio-ecological profile of the participants. The obtained results emphasize the need to create and implement nuanced and varied policies to support increase in physical activity in modern societies. Traditional, ‘hard’ measures like providing physical (facilities) or organisational (sports clubs) infrastructure seem to have limited effectiveness.

Parole chiave

  • physical activity
  • determinants of sport activity
  • membership of sports clubs
  • public health
  • Poland
7 Articoli
Accesso libero

The Evaluation of Cohesion in the Sports Groups within a Romanian City

Pubblicato online: 24 Feb 2020
Pagine: 1 - 13

Astratto

Abstract

We propose to conduct an analysis, by studying the influences exercised by certain variables (the biological gender, the ranking and the sociomotor space) on the level of cohesion among the sports teams in the municipality of Iaşi, Romania, evolving in the first leagues. A questionnaire was conducted on a number of 158 athletes (55 females, 103 males) who practice basketball, soccer, handball, rugby, volleyball. The responders answered the questionnaire regarding the group environment (GEQ). Factor analysis groups the items on two factors at the level of the Romanian subjects. The homogeneity of the instrument was evaluated for the entire scale, as well as independently for each of the two factors. The gender variable does not influence the level of social cohesion and the one of task cohesion among the sports teams taken into account. The ranking does not influence task cohesion among the teams studied. Both the ranking and the level of sociomotor space, as independent variables, determine significant differences regarding the level of social cohesion among the teams studied. The sociomotor space variable determines at the level of the teams sportive studied significant differences also regarding task cohesion.

Parole chiave

  • group cohesion
  • local sports teams
  • psychometric evaluation
Accesso libero

Motivation for Participation in Sports Based on Athletes in Team and Individual Sports

Pubblicato online: 24 Feb 2020
Pagine: 14 - 21

Astratto

Abstract

There are many reasons why individuals are motivated to participate in sports. For athletes to participate in and keep up exercise, investigating the participation motivation of athletes is necessary. The aim of this study was to compare sport participation motivation of athletes in team and individual disciplines. The sample consisted of 265 athletes including four teams from football, volleyball, basketball, and handball and two individual disciplines of kung fu and taekwondo which were randomly selected. The 30-item sports participation motivation questionnaire (PMQ) was used. Analysis of data was conducted by the use of independent-samples t-test. The results showed that there is a significant difference between the sports participation motivation of athletes in a team and individual sports as well as between male and female athletes. But, among the components of the sports participation motivation, only the aspect of achievement in a team and individual sports and the aspect of finding friendship in male and female athletes existed, no other significant difference was observed. The results of this study show that sports discipline and the athlete’s gender is effective in motivating athletes’ continuation and commitment to a physical activity.

Parole chiave

  • athletes
  • motivation
  • sports participation
  • team and individual sport disciplines
Accesso libero

Motivation Psychological Characteristics of Canoe-Kayak Sprint Elite Youth Athletes

Pubblicato online: 24 Feb 2020
Pagine: 22 - 29

Astratto

Abstract

The objective of the current study was the investigation of anxiety and satisfaction levels among Elite Greek Youth athletes of Canoe-Kayak Sprint. Additionally, whether elements such as gender, age, athletic experience, and weekly practice-time, differentiated the sample. 122 athletes, (61 males and 61 females) between the ages of 15-17 yrs. old, who competed in the Hellenic Federation’s Canoe-Kayak Sprint National Championships. Study participants were invited to complete two questionnaires: a) the Greek version of “CSAI-2” (Stavrou, Zervas, Kakkos, & Psichoundaki, 1998), and b) the Greek version of the “Athlete Satisfaction” scale (Bebetsos & Theodorakis, 2003). Results of the conducted study revealed that the sample differentiated: a) on somatic, and cognitive anxiety, according to their athletic experience, and b) on somatic, and cognitive anxiety, self-confidence, leadership, and personal outcome, according to their weekly practice-time. Finally, no sex differences were found in any questionnaire variable. In conclusion, the survey results highlighted the importance of the psychological factors tested on Canoe-Kayak Sprint athletes’ performance. Knowing and understanding athletes’ psychological state, can help them out (the athletes) in identifying aspects such as stress and satisfaction that directly affect their racing performance.

Parole chiave

  • cognitive anxiety
  • somatic anxiety
  • self-confidence
  • leadership
  • personal outcome
Accesso libero

Influence of Volitional Competencies on Achievement Goals of People with Physical Disability in Physical Activity Settings

Pubblicato online: 24 Feb 2020
Pagine: 30 - 39

Astratto

Abstract

This study’s purpose was to investigate any possible relationship between the goal perspectives (task and ego orientation) and volitional competences (persistence, expedience, and purposefulness) in physical activities settings. Participants were 134 people with a physical disability (103 men and 31 women) with age ranging from 14 to 67 years. All participants participated in physical activities. Participants filled out the Measure Athletes’ Volition – Short (MAV-S), and Task and Ego Orientation in Sports Questionnaire (TEOSQ). Results revealed that volitional competencies are predictors goal perspectives in physical activity settings. In addition, the findings showed that the expedience is a stronger predictor to task orientation, while persistence competence is to ego orientation. In conclusion, the present study is considered to offer new knowledge on the achievement goal orientation people with physical disabilities in physical activity contexts. The first one is that volitional competencies (expedience and purposefulness) are significantly positive predictors of task orientation. The second conclusion is that persistence competence is significantly positive predictor, while purposefulness competence is negative predictor of ego orientation.

Parole chiave

  • volition
  • achievement goals
  • physical disability
  • physical activities
Accesso libero

Body Image, Physical Activity and Sport Involvement: A Study on Gender Differences

Pubblicato online: 24 Feb 2020
Pagine: 40 - 49

Astratto

Abstract

The aim of this study is to examine whether sport involvement i.e. identification with the domain of sports affect satisfaction with body image in men and women. 158 respondents from a tertiary educational institution provided data on their satisfaction with their body image, level of sport involvement, and level of physical activity. Independent t-tests were conducted to compare differences between and within genders. Female respondents (n=40) who were high in sport involvement reported a significantly lower level of dissatisfaction with their body image (M=.55, SD=.78) when compared to female respondents (n=44) who were low in sport involvement (M=.84, SD=.83; t=1.65, p<.05). There was no significant difference amongst male respondents. There was also no significant difference in satisfaction with body image across groups with varying levels of physical activity. This suggests that being involved in sport can affect body image satisfaction amongst females.

Parole chiave

  • body image satisfaction
  • sport involvement
  • gender differences
Accesso libero

A Comparative Study of Leisure Constraints in Outdoor Leisure Activities Depending on Recognition of the Level of Particulate Matter (PM10): Focused on Golf Participants in the Republic of Korea

Pubblicato online: 24 Feb 2020
Pagine: 50 - 58

Astratto

Abstract

Particulate matter, one of the most recent social problems in Korea, not only poses a threat to people’s health, but is also emerging as a constraint to discourage outdoor leisure activities. Golf, a leisure sport played outdoors for hours, is not free from such a threat, and now is time to analyze golfers’ recognition of particulate matter. To examine whether particulate matter, among other constraints for golfers, had a significant effect as well as how golfers recognized particulate matter, we used 324 collected questionnaires in this study. After exploratory factor analysis and reliability analysis through SPSS 23.0, we divided questionnaire participants into recognition and non-recognition groups based on whether they checked and recognized atmospheric conditions, including particulate matter, before playing golf, and used multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) to compare and analyze leisure constraints. Respondents in the recognition group who recognized particulate matter in advance experienced participation constraints in weather and health factors, while those in the non-recognition group experienced participation constraints in skill and confidence factors. In other words, respondents participated in outdoor leisure activities even though they recognized the level of hazardous particulate matter in the air beforehand, and particulate matter worked as a participation constraint for them; this finding confirmed that it will be necessary in the future to take preventative action more actively against the danger of particulate matter.

Parole chiave

  • Fine dust
  • golf
  • particulate matter (PM)
  • leisure constraints
  • public health
Accesso libero

Socioecological Profile of Active Adults. Sport as a Whole-life Choice

Pubblicato online: 24 Feb 2020
Pagine: 59 - 76

Astratto

Abstract

Hitherto empirical research provides insight on particular dimensions or aspects thereof, but analyses that include diverse determinants of the physical activity are scarcer. The aim of the research was to examine the profile of adults who engage in sport activity, using a multi-layer, socio-ecological approach. Combined database: The Social Diagnosis 2015, The Statistics Poland 2014, and the Orliki 2012 was applied. The resulting sample consists of 8,361 adult respondents aged 25–70 years. Sport activity and sport clubs’ membership were measured as dependent variables. According to the Bronfenbrenner’s layered model number of outcome variables were described. While being consistent with fundamental facts known from the literature (e.g. significance of age, education, family, social networks and cultural aspects, the results point to a heterogeneity in determining sport activity. Firstly, women and men differ qualitatively – the set of characteristics important for sport activity is different. For example, while minor health issues seem to instigate activity of women, for men they are rather negatively related. Secondly, different factors are relevant for initiating the activity than for sustaining it. Furthermore, sport activity is rather positively related to other activities related to social life or to the life-long learning. This suggests that a substitution effect, in terms of time, is less important than the general tendency to be engaged in different aspects of life. Lastly, active membership of sports clubs is not only rare, but also qualitatively differs from sports activity in terms of socio-ecological profile of the participants. The obtained results emphasize the need to create and implement nuanced and varied policies to support increase in physical activity in modern societies. Traditional, ‘hard’ measures like providing physical (facilities) or organisational (sports clubs) infrastructure seem to have limited effectiveness.

Parole chiave

  • physical activity
  • determinants of sport activity
  • membership of sports clubs
  • public health
  • Poland

Pianifica la tua conferenza remota con Sciendo