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Volume 95 (2022): Edizione 1 (June 2022)

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Special Edizione: Sociology of Sport edited by Natalia Organista, Michał Lenartowicz & Michał Jasny

Volume 92 (2021): Edizione 1 (December 2021)

Volume 91 (2021): Edizione 1 (September 2021)

Volume 90 (2021): Edizione 1 (June 2021)

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Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1899-4849
Pubblicato per la prima volta
31 Dec 2009
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 90 (2021): Edizione 1 (June 2021)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1899-4849
Pubblicato per la prima volta
31 Dec 2009
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

6 Articoli
Accesso libero

Multilateral teaching in physical education improves resilience and self-efficacy in adolescents and could help reduce bullying behaviors

Pubblicato online: 30 Apr 2021
Pagine: 1 - 9

Astratto

Abstract

Youth with higher levels of resilience and self-efficacy are less likely to engage in aggressive behaviors or be victims of bullying. Previous anti-bullying approaches have often achieved no reduction in bullying behavior. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the effect of 12 weeks of extracurricular multilateral teaching on the risk for students (aged 14–16 years) to be involved in bullying. Sixty male students were allocated to an experimental group (n = 30) that performed psychoeducational activities combined with physical exercise training and team games (90 min, 2d · week–1) or a control group (n = 30). Before and after the intervention, we used the Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM-28) to assess individual capacities and resources, relationship with primary caregiver, contextual factors, and total resilience; and the Self-Efficacy Questionnaire for Children (SEQ-C) to measure academic, social, emotional, and total self-efficacy. Four participants from the experimental group withdrew. Significant improvements of crucial relevance were found for the resilience and self-efficacy scales (p < 0.05) in the experimental group. We found that multilateral teaching may improve resilience and self-efficacy in adolescents and make them less likely to engage in aggressive behavior or be bullied. Multilateral teaching should be considered an effective alternative to the anti-bullying approach, highlighting the crucial role of physical education teachers in the promotion of proactive educational strategies to reduce bullying behaviors.

Parole chiave

  • Special education
  • resilience
  • self-efficacy
  • physical exercise
  • victimization
Accesso libero

How football fans perceive sports heroes – The case of Israel

Pubblicato online: 30 Apr 2021
Pagine: 10 - 19

Astratto

Abstract

Background: Hero-making and hero-worship are common in human society. Yet despite the universal appeal of heroes, the features attributed to these figures and the attitudes toward them change depending upon the circumstances. Heroes have been the topic of extensive discussion in the academic literature. Nevertheless, little research attention has been directed at sports heroes. Examining soccer heroes is of special importance, particularly in view of soccer’s popularity across the globe and the celebrity status of top soccer stars.

Purpose: The objective of this paper is to examine and map the defining features of soccer heroes as subjectively perceived by their fans.

Methods: We conducted a qualitative study that entailed semi-structured interviews with 18 young Israeli soccer fans as well as content analysis of fan chants.

Results: The research findings indicate that fans attribute special importance to three main characteristics that are not perceived as dominant among heroes in other contexts: loyalty to team and family, modesty and morality, and the ability to influence their surroundings. Based on the findings, the paper discusses the unique nature of soccer heroes in contrast to other elite players and the role played by these heroes for their fans.

Parole chiave

  • Heroes
  • Role Model
  • Soccer
  • Football
Accesso libero

A case study: the AFL as a positive institution

Pubblicato online: 30 Apr 2021
Pagine: 20 - 25

Astratto

Abstract

The Australian Football League (AFL) is a leading professional sports organization within the multi-billion-dollar entertainment industry. This case study uses publicly available information to investigate the AFL in terms of its credentials as a positive institution using the good work model developed by Stansbury and Sonenshein (2012). The AFL has taken advantage of the economic rationalism and developed a corporate structure able to deliver a range of good work activities. For example, developmental programs that help players exceeding high community expectations. This study suggests that the good work model is beneficial for cognitive resources, normal functioning, regulatory focus, and impression formation. The AFL appears to answer Cameron et al. (2004) call to identify and enable flourishing and life-giving aspects of their organisation and, thus, represents a kind of positive institution. Finally, the study recognizes positive institutions as worthwhile but raises concerns about the uniqueness and lack of cultural research.

Parole chiave

  • Australian Football League
  • positive institution
  • good work model
  • flourishing
Accesso libero

Individual knowledge of, perceptions about, and barriers to physical literacy (PL) in Malaysia

Pubblicato online: 30 Apr 2021
Pagine: 26 - 38

Astratto

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate individuals’ knowledge of, perceptions about, and barriers to promoting physical literacy (PL) in Malaysia. Random samples of 360 participants of different genders, ages, races, and education levels (aged 15–60 years) residing in Malaysia participated in this study, which was conducted on online platforms between the months of February and May, 2019. The participants’ knowledge was assessed using a modified Physical Literacy Knowledge questionnaire (PLKQ). Open-ended questions were also conducted to assess perceived perceptions and barriers to improving participants’ PL, thus strengthening the validity and reliability of data collection. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (e.g., means, SD) and the Pearson correlation coefficient, while the analysis of qualitative data involved the usage of the Interpretive Phenomenological Approach (IPA). The participants showed greater efficacy about standards in physical education and believed that PL is developed throughout one’s lifetime, with (M = 3.2, SD = 1.02) and (M = 3.78, SD = 1.02), respectively. Additionally, most participants pointed to the necessity of having specific skills and experience to develop PL among young people as the main barrier to improving PL in Malaysia, with (M = 3.25, SD = 1.02). This initial study will provide better direction for future researchers and educators to plan an intervention to increase PL among Malaysians and advocate for physical activity in individuals’ daily lives. Additionally, this study will be useful to inform future educators’ teaching practices, particularly in Malaysian schools.

Parole chiave

  • physical literacy
  • physical education
  • physical activity
  • teaching
  • learning
Accesso libero

Sport as a tool for public diplomacy in Hungary

Pubblicato online: 30 Apr 2021
Pagine: 39 - 49

Astratto

Abstract

Sport is often utilized as a tool by governments and nation-states in building a favorable international image, seeking external political legitimacy, and strengthening nation-building endeavors across borders. Given its universal appeal, sport is often perceived as a valuable soft power asset for conveying positive messages to foreign publics. Against this backdrop, the present study aims to introduce the sports diplomacy approach of Hungary, specifically focusing on the state-led utilization of sport in public diplomacy under the recent government of Viktor Orbán (2010–2020). With the institutionalization of sport in public diplomacy, Hungary has become a pioneering country in Central and Eastern Europe that can provide an example for other nation-states in the region. The Hungarian government’s sports diplomacy ambitions have not been curbed by the COVID-19 pandemic, and the country continues to invest large amounts of public funding in attracting and organizing international sporting competitions. Hosting the Summer Olympic Games in Budapest remains the ultimate goal of the current government’s sports diplomacy strategy, which focuses on elite sport.

Parole chiave

  • Hungary
  • sports diplomacy
  • public diplomacy
  • Viktor Orbán
  • COVID-19
Accesso libero

How sport and its values are perceived by adults in the USA and Ukraine: a cross-cultural comparison

Pubblicato online: 30 Apr 2021
Pagine: 50 - 62

Astratto

Abstract

There are practically no cross-cultural studies in the field of physical education and sport with Ukrainian society as the object of research. However, there is a particular and obvious interest to research not only young people as a major strategic resource for any state, but also adults, including parents. The main purpose of the study is to identify common and different features of the attitude toward sport and its axiological component in the Ukrainian and American societies. A total of 500 adults aged 18-64 (196 men and 304 women) participated in the national survey, with the majority being Ukrainian school teachers. The results obtained from the study were compared with the results of a study conducted in the United States. It should be noted that in our study, we only selected questions from the American questionnaire that solely addressed adults’ perceptions of sport and its values. We did not choose other questions. Mathematical processing of the survey indicators was carried out using the computer program SPSS. The result of the research is a comparison of statements from adults of both countries regarding the actual and potential impact of social institutions on the youth; their statements about sport; values or principles that may or may not be important in sport; the extent of sport’s actual influence on the formation of values; the values adults hope their children will learn from participating in sport; and statements about the importance of values from adults who are actively involved in sport. The results of the cross-cultural study among adults in the USA and Ukraine indicate that there is both an identical idea of certain values in sport and a different vision due to, in our opinion, the divergence of cultural traditions and the status of sport in the countries.

Parole chiave

  • physical education
  • axiological component
  • сulture
  • parents
  • public opinion
6 Articoli
Accesso libero

Multilateral teaching in physical education improves resilience and self-efficacy in adolescents and could help reduce bullying behaviors

Pubblicato online: 30 Apr 2021
Pagine: 1 - 9

Astratto

Abstract

Youth with higher levels of resilience and self-efficacy are less likely to engage in aggressive behaviors or be victims of bullying. Previous anti-bullying approaches have often achieved no reduction in bullying behavior. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the effect of 12 weeks of extracurricular multilateral teaching on the risk for students (aged 14–16 years) to be involved in bullying. Sixty male students were allocated to an experimental group (n = 30) that performed psychoeducational activities combined with physical exercise training and team games (90 min, 2d · week–1) or a control group (n = 30). Before and after the intervention, we used the Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM-28) to assess individual capacities and resources, relationship with primary caregiver, contextual factors, and total resilience; and the Self-Efficacy Questionnaire for Children (SEQ-C) to measure academic, social, emotional, and total self-efficacy. Four participants from the experimental group withdrew. Significant improvements of crucial relevance were found for the resilience and self-efficacy scales (p < 0.05) in the experimental group. We found that multilateral teaching may improve resilience and self-efficacy in adolescents and make them less likely to engage in aggressive behavior or be bullied. Multilateral teaching should be considered an effective alternative to the anti-bullying approach, highlighting the crucial role of physical education teachers in the promotion of proactive educational strategies to reduce bullying behaviors.

Parole chiave

  • Special education
  • resilience
  • self-efficacy
  • physical exercise
  • victimization
Accesso libero

How football fans perceive sports heroes – The case of Israel

Pubblicato online: 30 Apr 2021
Pagine: 10 - 19

Astratto

Abstract

Background: Hero-making and hero-worship are common in human society. Yet despite the universal appeal of heroes, the features attributed to these figures and the attitudes toward them change depending upon the circumstances. Heroes have been the topic of extensive discussion in the academic literature. Nevertheless, little research attention has been directed at sports heroes. Examining soccer heroes is of special importance, particularly in view of soccer’s popularity across the globe and the celebrity status of top soccer stars.

Purpose: The objective of this paper is to examine and map the defining features of soccer heroes as subjectively perceived by their fans.

Methods: We conducted a qualitative study that entailed semi-structured interviews with 18 young Israeli soccer fans as well as content analysis of fan chants.

Results: The research findings indicate that fans attribute special importance to three main characteristics that are not perceived as dominant among heroes in other contexts: loyalty to team and family, modesty and morality, and the ability to influence their surroundings. Based on the findings, the paper discusses the unique nature of soccer heroes in contrast to other elite players and the role played by these heroes for their fans.

Parole chiave

  • Heroes
  • Role Model
  • Soccer
  • Football
Accesso libero

A case study: the AFL as a positive institution

Pubblicato online: 30 Apr 2021
Pagine: 20 - 25

Astratto

Abstract

The Australian Football League (AFL) is a leading professional sports organization within the multi-billion-dollar entertainment industry. This case study uses publicly available information to investigate the AFL in terms of its credentials as a positive institution using the good work model developed by Stansbury and Sonenshein (2012). The AFL has taken advantage of the economic rationalism and developed a corporate structure able to deliver a range of good work activities. For example, developmental programs that help players exceeding high community expectations. This study suggests that the good work model is beneficial for cognitive resources, normal functioning, regulatory focus, and impression formation. The AFL appears to answer Cameron et al. (2004) call to identify and enable flourishing and life-giving aspects of their organisation and, thus, represents a kind of positive institution. Finally, the study recognizes positive institutions as worthwhile but raises concerns about the uniqueness and lack of cultural research.

Parole chiave

  • Australian Football League
  • positive institution
  • good work model
  • flourishing
Accesso libero

Individual knowledge of, perceptions about, and barriers to physical literacy (PL) in Malaysia

Pubblicato online: 30 Apr 2021
Pagine: 26 - 38

Astratto

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate individuals’ knowledge of, perceptions about, and barriers to promoting physical literacy (PL) in Malaysia. Random samples of 360 participants of different genders, ages, races, and education levels (aged 15–60 years) residing in Malaysia participated in this study, which was conducted on online platforms between the months of February and May, 2019. The participants’ knowledge was assessed using a modified Physical Literacy Knowledge questionnaire (PLKQ). Open-ended questions were also conducted to assess perceived perceptions and barriers to improving participants’ PL, thus strengthening the validity and reliability of data collection. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (e.g., means, SD) and the Pearson correlation coefficient, while the analysis of qualitative data involved the usage of the Interpretive Phenomenological Approach (IPA). The participants showed greater efficacy about standards in physical education and believed that PL is developed throughout one’s lifetime, with (M = 3.2, SD = 1.02) and (M = 3.78, SD = 1.02), respectively. Additionally, most participants pointed to the necessity of having specific skills and experience to develop PL among young people as the main barrier to improving PL in Malaysia, with (M = 3.25, SD = 1.02). This initial study will provide better direction for future researchers and educators to plan an intervention to increase PL among Malaysians and advocate for physical activity in individuals’ daily lives. Additionally, this study will be useful to inform future educators’ teaching practices, particularly in Malaysian schools.

Parole chiave

  • physical literacy
  • physical education
  • physical activity
  • teaching
  • learning
Accesso libero

Sport as a tool for public diplomacy in Hungary

Pubblicato online: 30 Apr 2021
Pagine: 39 - 49

Astratto

Abstract

Sport is often utilized as a tool by governments and nation-states in building a favorable international image, seeking external political legitimacy, and strengthening nation-building endeavors across borders. Given its universal appeal, sport is often perceived as a valuable soft power asset for conveying positive messages to foreign publics. Against this backdrop, the present study aims to introduce the sports diplomacy approach of Hungary, specifically focusing on the state-led utilization of sport in public diplomacy under the recent government of Viktor Orbán (2010–2020). With the institutionalization of sport in public diplomacy, Hungary has become a pioneering country in Central and Eastern Europe that can provide an example for other nation-states in the region. The Hungarian government’s sports diplomacy ambitions have not been curbed by the COVID-19 pandemic, and the country continues to invest large amounts of public funding in attracting and organizing international sporting competitions. Hosting the Summer Olympic Games in Budapest remains the ultimate goal of the current government’s sports diplomacy strategy, which focuses on elite sport.

Parole chiave

  • Hungary
  • sports diplomacy
  • public diplomacy
  • Viktor Orbán
  • COVID-19
Accesso libero

How sport and its values are perceived by adults in the USA and Ukraine: a cross-cultural comparison

Pubblicato online: 30 Apr 2021
Pagine: 50 - 62

Astratto

Abstract

There are practically no cross-cultural studies in the field of physical education and sport with Ukrainian society as the object of research. However, there is a particular and obvious interest to research not only young people as a major strategic resource for any state, but also adults, including parents. The main purpose of the study is to identify common and different features of the attitude toward sport and its axiological component in the Ukrainian and American societies. A total of 500 adults aged 18-64 (196 men and 304 women) participated in the national survey, with the majority being Ukrainian school teachers. The results obtained from the study were compared with the results of a study conducted in the United States. It should be noted that in our study, we only selected questions from the American questionnaire that solely addressed adults’ perceptions of sport and its values. We did not choose other questions. Mathematical processing of the survey indicators was carried out using the computer program SPSS. The result of the research is a comparison of statements from adults of both countries regarding the actual and potential impact of social institutions on the youth; their statements about sport; values or principles that may or may not be important in sport; the extent of sport’s actual influence on the formation of values; the values adults hope their children will learn from participating in sport; and statements about the importance of values from adults who are actively involved in sport. The results of the cross-cultural study among adults in the USA and Ukraine indicate that there is both an identical idea of certain values in sport and a different vision due to, in our opinion, the divergence of cultural traditions and the status of sport in the countries.

Parole chiave

  • physical education
  • axiological component
  • сulture
  • parents
  • public opinion

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