Rivista e Edizione

Volume 95 (2022): Edizione 1 (June 2022)

Volume 94 (2022): Edizione 1 (March 2022)

Volume 93 (2021): Edizione 1 (October 2021)
Special Edizione: Sociology of Sport edited by Natalia Organista, Michał Lenartowicz & Michał Jasny

Volume 92 (2021): Edizione 1 (December 2021)

Volume 91 (2021): Edizione 1 (September 2021)

Volume 90 (2021): Edizione 1 (June 2021)

Volume 89 (2021): Edizione 1 (March 2021)

Volume 88 (2020): Edizione 1 (December 2020)

Volume 87 (2020): Edizione 1 (September 2020)

Volume 86 (2020): Edizione 1 (June 2020)

Volume 85 (2020): Edizione 1 (March 2020)

Volume 84 (2019): Edizione 1 (December 2019)

Volume 83 (2019): Edizione 1 (September 2019)

Volume 82 (2019): Edizione 1 (June 2019)

Volume 81 (2019): Edizione 1 (March 2019)

Volume 80 (2018): Edizione 1 (December 2018)

Volume 79 (2018): Edizione 1 (September 2018)

Volume 78 (2018): Edizione 1 (June 2018)

Volume 77 (2018): Edizione 1 (March 2018)

Volume 76 (2017): Edizione 1 (December 2017)

Volume 75 (2017): Edizione 1 (October 2017)

Volume 74 (2017): Edizione 1 (June 2017)

Volume 73 (2017): Edizione 1 (March 2017)

Volume 72 (2016): Edizione 1 (December 2016)

Volume 71 (2016): Edizione 1 (October 2016)

Volume 70 (2016): Edizione 1 (June 2016)

Volume 69 (2016): Edizione 1 (March 2016)

Volume 68 (2015): Edizione 1 (December 2015)

Volume 67 (2015): Edizione 1 (September 2015)

Volume 66 (2015): Edizione 1 (June 2015)

Volume 65 (2015): Edizione 1 (March 2015)

Volume 64 (2014): Edizione 1 (December 2014)

Volume 63 (2014): Edizione 1 (September 2014)

Volume 62 (2014): Edizione 1 (June 2014)

Volume 61 (2014): Edizione 1 (June 2014)

Volume 60 (2013): Edizione 1 (December 2013)

Volume 59 (2013): Edizione 1 (October 2013)

Volume 58 (2013): Edizione 1 (June 2013)

Volume 57 (2013): Edizione 1 (March 2013)

Volume 56 (2012): Edizione 1 (December 2012)

Volume 55 (2012): Edizione 1 (October 2012)

Volume 54 (2012): Edizione 1 (June 2012)

Volume 53 (2011): Edizione 1 (December 2011)

Volume 52 (2011): Edizione 1 (October 2011)

Volume 51 (2011): Edizione 1 (June 2011)

Volume 50 (2010): Edizione 1 (December 2010)

Volume 49 (2010): Edizione 1 (October 2010)

Volume 48 (2010): Edizione 1 (June 2010)

Volume 47 (2009): Edizione 1 (December 2009)

Volume 46 (2009): Edizione 1 (December 2009)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1899-4849
ISSN
2081-2221
Pubblicato per la prima volta
31 Dec 2009
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 55 (2012): Edizione 1 (October 2012)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1899-4849
ISSN
2081-2221
Pubblicato per la prima volta
31 Dec 2009
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

8 Articoli
Accesso libero

Sport and Art: a View on the Worldwide and Connecting Area from the Perspective of Sports Science – or: about the Convergence of Two Worlds

Pubblicato online: 01 Nov 2012
Pagine: 5 - 16

Astratto

Abstract

The two worlds of sport and art cannot be separated distinctly. Intersections can definitely be identified. Although the discipline “Sport-Art” has not yet been established as a sub-discipline of sport science, sporadic attempts of integration in higher education and academic discussion can be found. In the field of (fine) arts we meet sport in everyday life as so-called practical and commercial art. The fusion is also obvious in the fields of music, art history, and literature. The convergence of the two worlds is clearest in the structural analogy of the genesis of composition, performing arts, literature, and movement products. Finally, a pedagogical postulate is posited that should be understood as a demand for an (school) education that integrates art and sport.

KEYWORDS

  • art
  • painting
  • music
  • ethnology
  • integrative pedagogy,structural analogy
Accesso libero

The Global Transformation of Belly Dancing: A Cross-Cultural Investigation of Counter-Hegemonic Responses

Pubblicato online: 31 Oct 2012
Pagine: 17 - 29

Astratto

Abstract

The first part of this study, explored by Ashley Popp, presents an investigation into a relatively unexamined area of physical education: an analysis of a transcultural phenomenon in the history of dance. Data has been collected from primary sources and archival evidence to assess competing ideologies inherent in the transformation of a particular art form. In the analysis of the cultural migration through which belly dance was transferred from the Middle East to the United States, an adaptive reaction to the hegemonic relationships of culture, race, gender, and class has been observed. Beyond performance aesthetics, links have been made between the act of belly dancing and the building of women’s self-esteem, as researched by Chia-Ju Yen. The main purpose of her study was to explore how facial burn patients cope with disfigurement and the unfriendly attitudes of others, and examines the alteration of body image via inspiration provided by the performance of belly dance. This research was conducted from the perspective of an anthropologically thickdescription research method, and a case study was performed using in-depth interviews, including narratives by a woman who had suffered facial injuries. The results of the research showed that through family support, hard work and a decisive and studious personality, the patient was able to cope with the discriminatory attitude of others. The performance of belly dance not only made her emphasize her body, but also enriched her life.

Keywords

  • belly dance
  • belly
  • dance
  • transatlantic
  • hegemonic theory
  • transition
  • social adaptation
  • social therapy
  • cultural evolution
  • history
  • art
  • physical education
  • cultural migration
  • American Cabaret
  • American Tribal
  • feminism
  • cross-cultural
  • self-esteem
  • burn victims
  • disfigurement
Accesso libero

Assumption of Risk and Consent Doctrine in Sport

Pubblicato online: 31 Oct 2012
Pagine: 30 - 38

Astratto

Abstract

Everybody who illegally harms another not only must recover the injured person, but also, may be committed a crime and be punished. According to this doctrine, every time that a participant in a sport activity touches a fellow player, or consciously runs the risk that an opponent may be touched during the game, an offence is committed and he or she is liable. This is clearly an unacceptable situation. If this were the usual way a participant in violence was dealt with by the courts, nobody would play sport, as the risk of conviction would be too great. Sport would be unable to continue in the form that we presently know it. On the other hand, sports often have inherent risks that cannot be eliminated without destroying the very essence of the activity. Consent and assumption of risk defenses in sport accident cases significantly affect resolving the conflict between performing sport as a useful and beneficial activity versus a dangerous practice, and prevent liability from being imposed for just participation in sport activity. Thus, discussion about these defenses can help athletes be more aware of their rights.

KEYWORDS

  • defense
  • inherent risk
  • liability
  • damage
  • athlete
Accesso libero

The 2009 Match-fixing Incident in Taiwan’s Professional Baseball League

Pubblicato online: 31 Oct 2012
Pagine: 39 - 46

Astratto

Abstract

The Chinese Professional Baseball League (CPBL) was the first professional sports league ever created in Taiwan, but has been plagued by a series of match-fixing scandals starting from 1996. However, the 2009 scandal happened to the most popular club, Brother Elephants. The corrupt “Windshield Wiper” ring was the mastermind behind whole affair. Twenty-six former and active players and coaches were involved that put the games’ ethics and integrity in jeopardy. In particular, star players such as Cao Jinhui and Chen Zhiyuan were banished from baseball forever, which certainly shocked the public. Accordingly, the CPBL was again on the verge of disbandment. Facing such a crisis, fans organized a street protest and spontaneously demanded that the government take actions against such an adverse environment. Subsequently, the authorities stipulated several plans in order to revive the “national sport” people used to love.

KEYWORDS

  • Taiwan
  • baseball
  • Brother Elephants
  • match-fixing scandal
Accesso libero

An Iconographic Analysis of Photographs of Two Famous Football Players: Additional Information about the Career of Puskás and Deák

Pubblicato online: 31 Oct 2012
Pagine: 47 - 55

Astratto

Abstract

The lifestyle reform movements at the turn of the century played a remarkably important role in the growing priority attributed to physical education. Sports clubs could be considered the most influential nongovernmental organizations at the beginning of the 20th century. Sports were given special priority and were even supported by legal measures in Hungary between the two world wars. Playing football gained vast popularity. We focus on two famous football players, Puskás, “the most famous Hungarian” and Deák, a Guinness record-holding top goal scorer. To be precise, we focus on their photos: we have similar ones of a young Puskás and a young Deák. These photos depict a very important moment in the lives of both youngsters. We conduct an iconographic analysis in order to illustrate connections the two young football players have to their clubs and to the sport.

Keywords

  • iconographic analysis
  • informal learning
  • non-governmental organization
  • sports club
  • Puskas
Accesso libero

The Impact of Advancements in Science and Technology on Cypriots’ Physical Activities over Time

Pubblicato online: 31 Oct 2012
Pagine: 56 - 62

Astratto

Abstract

Due to special historical circumstances, advancements in science and technology have affected various aspects of Cypriot people’s life relatively late. However, since the modern way of life requires less and less compulsory physical activity, this has manifested itself recently in the spreading of a sedentary lifestyle in Cyprus also. The purpose of this paper is to present the changes in the frequency, intensity and type of physical activity throughout three Cypriot generations. It is based on a part of research carried out by survey method of the population of that consisted of secondary school students, their parents, and their grandparents. The sample was selected by stratified, random, and snowball selection (N = 1067). With the youngest generation, the data were collected in groups at their school by questionnaire; the members of other two groups answered the questionnaires individually. In order to analyze the data, the Wilcoxon two related sample test and chi-square analyses were performed. The results revealed that the older generations’ everyday life encompassed more active elements in their childhood and youth than the youngsters’ life comprises nowadays. Both intragenerational and intergenerational changes in daily living and health-related physical activity occurred, and the advancements in science and technology have had a contradictory impact on these processes. In the conclusions, the necessity of taking measures to stop the decline of physical activity is emphasized.

KEYWORDS

  • intragenerational changes
  • intergenerational changes
  • physical inactivity
  • way of life
Accesso libero

Developing a Holistic Understanding of Health and Health Behavior in People Undergoing Resocialization in Prison under the “Active Today, Different Tomorrow”

Pubblicato online: 31 Oct 2012
Pagine: 63 - 76

Astratto

Abstract

The main purpose of detention in a modern, humanitarian prison system is to bring the prisoners to live in a free society in a manner consistent with applicable laws and morals. The indicators of modernity are also ways and means by which attempts are made to achieve this goal. In many European and non-European prisons, physical culture achievements are commonly used in working with prisoners. They organize programmed resocialization activities for prisoners with a substantial share of physical education and recreational free time activities. Sometimes, prisoners are offered the chance to take their own initiatives to encourage healthy lifestyles.

In addition to teaching, during which the prisoners participate in physical activity, they use interaction with sports authorities in the form of discussion meetings between prisoners and athletes.

Such meetings are also organized at the House of Detention in Inowrocław, which operates a half-open unit for the convicts. These meetings are the part of the activities of “Paragraph”, the Olympian club (based at the Inowrocław prison) subject to the Polish Olympic Committee.

The author participated in several such meetings as an invited guest or co-organizer and observed that they are primarily of a recollective character. But it was hard to find in them specific, praxeologically structured and conceptually implemented resocialization interactions. Teleological vagueness initiated the search for the real purpose of these meetings by means of observation. The meetings clearly appeared to have more of an ad hoc (referring to the conditions in prison) than a prospective character (undertaken with a view to the period after release). These findings were the inspiration for the development of the main objectives of a two-step strategy of a change in scenarios of the meetings between the convicts and athletes, the ultimate goal of which was to give them the characteristics of programmed rehabilitation. They defined the procedure for involving sportsmen to accomplish the objectives in the area of mental health and social development and made the selection and development of tools to measure the effects of these interactions.

The article is a report on research designed to determine differences in perception of health, as well as on conducting health activities among those inmates who participated in the program “Active today, different tomorrow” and those who did not participate in it. The study involved 67 penitentiary recidivists. Two questionnaires by Siegfried Juczyński were used: the List of Health Criteria and Health Behaviour Inventory. The results gave the possibility to formulate important methodological implications for practitioners who involve prominent sportsmen in resocialization. They also proved useful in efforts to create another resocialization program that uses sports activity in resocialization.

Keywords

  • Olympians
  • sports champions
  • prisoners
  • penitentiary resocialization
Accesso libero

Free Time versus Occupied and Unoccupied Time in a Philosophical Context

Pubblicato online: 31 Oct 2012
Pagine: 77 - 94

Astratto

Abstract

In the paper, previous conceptions of free time and the various definitions that are connected with it are challenged. The author assumed that the subject might not have free time at his/her disposal, because that time does not concern the subject at all. The subject did not have free time in the past; the subject can neither shape it in the present nor in the future. Free time does not concern him/her at all, because free time as such does not exist at all. We have only to do with occupied and unoccupied time. The first form of time concerns the past and the present. Future time is not occupied both in that sense that it does not exist yet and that it never exists.

Moreover, the author considers the existence, understanding, and possibility of the cognition of time as such. Thus, he rejects various common theories of time. He refers to the Kantian, subjective, “self-related” conception of time and he attempts to strengthen it with the Heideggerian transcendental theory of time. According to the author, it is derived from, among other things, the considerations on being done by some of the ancient philosophers: Anaximander, Pythagoras and his followers, Parmenides, Plato, and Aristotle.

Keywords

  • leisure
  • history
  • occupied time
  • unoccupied time
  • being
  • Kantian theory of time
  • Heideggerian theory of time
8 Articoli
Accesso libero

Sport and Art: a View on the Worldwide and Connecting Area from the Perspective of Sports Science – or: about the Convergence of Two Worlds

Pubblicato online: 01 Nov 2012
Pagine: 5 - 16

Astratto

Abstract

The two worlds of sport and art cannot be separated distinctly. Intersections can definitely be identified. Although the discipline “Sport-Art” has not yet been established as a sub-discipline of sport science, sporadic attempts of integration in higher education and academic discussion can be found. In the field of (fine) arts we meet sport in everyday life as so-called practical and commercial art. The fusion is also obvious in the fields of music, art history, and literature. The convergence of the two worlds is clearest in the structural analogy of the genesis of composition, performing arts, literature, and movement products. Finally, a pedagogical postulate is posited that should be understood as a demand for an (school) education that integrates art and sport.

KEYWORDS

  • art
  • painting
  • music
  • ethnology
  • integrative pedagogy,structural analogy
Accesso libero

The Global Transformation of Belly Dancing: A Cross-Cultural Investigation of Counter-Hegemonic Responses

Pubblicato online: 31 Oct 2012
Pagine: 17 - 29

Astratto

Abstract

The first part of this study, explored by Ashley Popp, presents an investigation into a relatively unexamined area of physical education: an analysis of a transcultural phenomenon in the history of dance. Data has been collected from primary sources and archival evidence to assess competing ideologies inherent in the transformation of a particular art form. In the analysis of the cultural migration through which belly dance was transferred from the Middle East to the United States, an adaptive reaction to the hegemonic relationships of culture, race, gender, and class has been observed. Beyond performance aesthetics, links have been made between the act of belly dancing and the building of women’s self-esteem, as researched by Chia-Ju Yen. The main purpose of her study was to explore how facial burn patients cope with disfigurement and the unfriendly attitudes of others, and examines the alteration of body image via inspiration provided by the performance of belly dance. This research was conducted from the perspective of an anthropologically thickdescription research method, and a case study was performed using in-depth interviews, including narratives by a woman who had suffered facial injuries. The results of the research showed that through family support, hard work and a decisive and studious personality, the patient was able to cope with the discriminatory attitude of others. The performance of belly dance not only made her emphasize her body, but also enriched her life.

Keywords

  • belly dance
  • belly
  • dance
  • transatlantic
  • hegemonic theory
  • transition
  • social adaptation
  • social therapy
  • cultural evolution
  • history
  • art
  • physical education
  • cultural migration
  • American Cabaret
  • American Tribal
  • feminism
  • cross-cultural
  • self-esteem
  • burn victims
  • disfigurement
Accesso libero

Assumption of Risk and Consent Doctrine in Sport

Pubblicato online: 31 Oct 2012
Pagine: 30 - 38

Astratto

Abstract

Everybody who illegally harms another not only must recover the injured person, but also, may be committed a crime and be punished. According to this doctrine, every time that a participant in a sport activity touches a fellow player, or consciously runs the risk that an opponent may be touched during the game, an offence is committed and he or she is liable. This is clearly an unacceptable situation. If this were the usual way a participant in violence was dealt with by the courts, nobody would play sport, as the risk of conviction would be too great. Sport would be unable to continue in the form that we presently know it. On the other hand, sports often have inherent risks that cannot be eliminated without destroying the very essence of the activity. Consent and assumption of risk defenses in sport accident cases significantly affect resolving the conflict between performing sport as a useful and beneficial activity versus a dangerous practice, and prevent liability from being imposed for just participation in sport activity. Thus, discussion about these defenses can help athletes be more aware of their rights.

KEYWORDS

  • defense
  • inherent risk
  • liability
  • damage
  • athlete
Accesso libero

The 2009 Match-fixing Incident in Taiwan’s Professional Baseball League

Pubblicato online: 31 Oct 2012
Pagine: 39 - 46

Astratto

Abstract

The Chinese Professional Baseball League (CPBL) was the first professional sports league ever created in Taiwan, but has been plagued by a series of match-fixing scandals starting from 1996. However, the 2009 scandal happened to the most popular club, Brother Elephants. The corrupt “Windshield Wiper” ring was the mastermind behind whole affair. Twenty-six former and active players and coaches were involved that put the games’ ethics and integrity in jeopardy. In particular, star players such as Cao Jinhui and Chen Zhiyuan were banished from baseball forever, which certainly shocked the public. Accordingly, the CPBL was again on the verge of disbandment. Facing such a crisis, fans organized a street protest and spontaneously demanded that the government take actions against such an adverse environment. Subsequently, the authorities stipulated several plans in order to revive the “national sport” people used to love.

KEYWORDS

  • Taiwan
  • baseball
  • Brother Elephants
  • match-fixing scandal
Accesso libero

An Iconographic Analysis of Photographs of Two Famous Football Players: Additional Information about the Career of Puskás and Deák

Pubblicato online: 31 Oct 2012
Pagine: 47 - 55

Astratto

Abstract

The lifestyle reform movements at the turn of the century played a remarkably important role in the growing priority attributed to physical education. Sports clubs could be considered the most influential nongovernmental organizations at the beginning of the 20th century. Sports were given special priority and were even supported by legal measures in Hungary between the two world wars. Playing football gained vast popularity. We focus on two famous football players, Puskás, “the most famous Hungarian” and Deák, a Guinness record-holding top goal scorer. To be precise, we focus on their photos: we have similar ones of a young Puskás and a young Deák. These photos depict a very important moment in the lives of both youngsters. We conduct an iconographic analysis in order to illustrate connections the two young football players have to their clubs and to the sport.

Keywords

  • iconographic analysis
  • informal learning
  • non-governmental organization
  • sports club
  • Puskas
Accesso libero

The Impact of Advancements in Science and Technology on Cypriots’ Physical Activities over Time

Pubblicato online: 31 Oct 2012
Pagine: 56 - 62

Astratto

Abstract

Due to special historical circumstances, advancements in science and technology have affected various aspects of Cypriot people’s life relatively late. However, since the modern way of life requires less and less compulsory physical activity, this has manifested itself recently in the spreading of a sedentary lifestyle in Cyprus also. The purpose of this paper is to present the changes in the frequency, intensity and type of physical activity throughout three Cypriot generations. It is based on a part of research carried out by survey method of the population of that consisted of secondary school students, their parents, and their grandparents. The sample was selected by stratified, random, and snowball selection (N = 1067). With the youngest generation, the data were collected in groups at their school by questionnaire; the members of other two groups answered the questionnaires individually. In order to analyze the data, the Wilcoxon two related sample test and chi-square analyses were performed. The results revealed that the older generations’ everyday life encompassed more active elements in their childhood and youth than the youngsters’ life comprises nowadays. Both intragenerational and intergenerational changes in daily living and health-related physical activity occurred, and the advancements in science and technology have had a contradictory impact on these processes. In the conclusions, the necessity of taking measures to stop the decline of physical activity is emphasized.

KEYWORDS

  • intragenerational changes
  • intergenerational changes
  • physical inactivity
  • way of life
Accesso libero

Developing a Holistic Understanding of Health and Health Behavior in People Undergoing Resocialization in Prison under the “Active Today, Different Tomorrow”

Pubblicato online: 31 Oct 2012
Pagine: 63 - 76

Astratto

Abstract

The main purpose of detention in a modern, humanitarian prison system is to bring the prisoners to live in a free society in a manner consistent with applicable laws and morals. The indicators of modernity are also ways and means by which attempts are made to achieve this goal. In many European and non-European prisons, physical culture achievements are commonly used in working with prisoners. They organize programmed resocialization activities for prisoners with a substantial share of physical education and recreational free time activities. Sometimes, prisoners are offered the chance to take their own initiatives to encourage healthy lifestyles.

In addition to teaching, during which the prisoners participate in physical activity, they use interaction with sports authorities in the form of discussion meetings between prisoners and athletes.

Such meetings are also organized at the House of Detention in Inowrocław, which operates a half-open unit for the convicts. These meetings are the part of the activities of “Paragraph”, the Olympian club (based at the Inowrocław prison) subject to the Polish Olympic Committee.

The author participated in several such meetings as an invited guest or co-organizer and observed that they are primarily of a recollective character. But it was hard to find in them specific, praxeologically structured and conceptually implemented resocialization interactions. Teleological vagueness initiated the search for the real purpose of these meetings by means of observation. The meetings clearly appeared to have more of an ad hoc (referring to the conditions in prison) than a prospective character (undertaken with a view to the period after release). These findings were the inspiration for the development of the main objectives of a two-step strategy of a change in scenarios of the meetings between the convicts and athletes, the ultimate goal of which was to give them the characteristics of programmed rehabilitation. They defined the procedure for involving sportsmen to accomplish the objectives in the area of mental health and social development and made the selection and development of tools to measure the effects of these interactions.

The article is a report on research designed to determine differences in perception of health, as well as on conducting health activities among those inmates who participated in the program “Active today, different tomorrow” and those who did not participate in it. The study involved 67 penitentiary recidivists. Two questionnaires by Siegfried Juczyński were used: the List of Health Criteria and Health Behaviour Inventory. The results gave the possibility to formulate important methodological implications for practitioners who involve prominent sportsmen in resocialization. They also proved useful in efforts to create another resocialization program that uses sports activity in resocialization.

Keywords

  • Olympians
  • sports champions
  • prisoners
  • penitentiary resocialization
Accesso libero

Free Time versus Occupied and Unoccupied Time in a Philosophical Context

Pubblicato online: 31 Oct 2012
Pagine: 77 - 94

Astratto

Abstract

In the paper, previous conceptions of free time and the various definitions that are connected with it are challenged. The author assumed that the subject might not have free time at his/her disposal, because that time does not concern the subject at all. The subject did not have free time in the past; the subject can neither shape it in the present nor in the future. Free time does not concern him/her at all, because free time as such does not exist at all. We have only to do with occupied and unoccupied time. The first form of time concerns the past and the present. Future time is not occupied both in that sense that it does not exist yet and that it never exists.

Moreover, the author considers the existence, understanding, and possibility of the cognition of time as such. Thus, he rejects various common theories of time. He refers to the Kantian, subjective, “self-related” conception of time and he attempts to strengthen it with the Heideggerian transcendental theory of time. According to the author, it is derived from, among other things, the considerations on being done by some of the ancient philosophers: Anaximander, Pythagoras and his followers, Parmenides, Plato, and Aristotle.

Keywords

  • leisure
  • history
  • occupied time
  • unoccupied time
  • being
  • Kantian theory of time
  • Heideggerian theory of time

Pianifica la tua conferenza remota con Sciendo