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Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1899-4849
Pubblicato per la prima volta
31 Dec 2009
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 78 (2018): Edizione 1 (June 2018)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1899-4849
Pubblicato per la prima volta
31 Dec 2009
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

7 Articoli
Accesso libero

The Relation between Olympians and Employees of the Media in Hungary: Motivations, Attitudes, Rejection

Pubblicato online: 19 Jul 2018
Pagine: 5 - 12

Astratto

Abstract

In the present study, we examine the relation between Olympians and employees of the media in Hungary through the following terms: motivations, attitudes, and rejection. The empirical research presented in this paper focused on the following research questions: 1.What motivates Olympians and employees of the media in their cooperation? 2. What kind of attitudes characterise them in their relation? 3. Why and how often do employees of the media get rejected by elite athletes? In the framework of the research, a survey was carried out among the Hungarian Olympic athletes participating at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games (N=104) and on the total population of media workers accredited to the Olympics (N=28). The data were collected by two questionnaires. The first one contained 31 questions for the Olympians, and the second one had 26 questions for the media workers. The two versions included overlapping sections as well, which made it possible to explore the respondents’ views on the same topic and get comparable outcomes in some cases. The analysis aims to present and contrast the viewpoints of Olympians and employees of the media with each other. The results show that over half of elite athletes do not like to participate in the media, but they are aware that it is necessary; that is the reason why many of them mostly accept sport related interview requests. Parallel with this, media workers assume that the majority of elite athletes like to appear in front of the public. In general terms, the main goals for elite athletes are to train well, to qualify for major international meets, and to achieve outstanding results. On the other side, the intentions of the media workers is to publish stories to the audience, which could be positive, negative, informative, provocative, or sensational. Elite athletes and employees of the media need to be more aware of each other’s motivations, attitudes and aims for better understanding each other.

Parole chiave

  • Olympic athletes
  • sport media
  • journalists
  • Rio 2016
  • media representation
Accesso libero

Political Relation among the State and International Sports Organizations: The 2014 FIFA World Cup Event in Brazil

Pubblicato online: 19 Jul 2018
Pagine: 13 - 22

Astratto

Abstract

Throughout the men’s 2014 FIFA World Cup event in Brazil (WC-2014), there was an ongoing reflexive debate that stated the possibility that FIFA, due to orders imposed on the state of Brazil, slandered the country’s national sovereignty. However, FIFA’s sovereignty concerning regulations and international football championships is relativized when contrasted to that of the state. Having the WC- 2014 as a concrete object, the aim was to investigate how relations among sports and politics occurred. A qualitative research study was used through the analysis of documents and literature. It was verified that the WC-2014 event was fitting with the patterns of transnational relationships, in which sovereign entities (the state and FIFA) renounce a portion of their external sovereignty for mutual gain. The misfortune appears when this gain is associated with leaders (political or sports) and not the people, which can cause an internal sovereignty issue. Relating to the WC- 2014, the counter-orders generated during the exception period were not due to FIFA’s interference in the national sovereignty, but to the illegitimacy / immorality of the rulers who accepted the conditions of the transnational institution

Parole chiave

  • sports
  • politics
  • mega-events
  • sports law
Accesso libero

Exergames Experience in Physical Education: A Review

Pubblicato online: 19 Jul 2018
Pagine: 23 - 32

Astratto

Abstract

Exergames are consoles that require a higher physical effort to play when compared to traditional video games. Active video games, active gaming, interactive games, movement-controlled video games, exertion games, and exergaming are terms used to define the kinds of video games in which the exertion interface enables a new experience. Exergames have added a component of physical activity to the otherwise motionless video game environment and have the potential to contribute to physical education classes by supplementing the current activity options and increasing student enjoyment. The use of exergames in schools has already shown positive results in the past through their potential to fight obesity. As for the pedagogical aspects of exergames, they have attracted educators’ attention due to the large number of games and activities that can be incorporated into the curriculum. In this way, the school must consider the development of a new physical education curriculum in which the key to promoting healthy physical activity in children and youth is enjoyment, using video games as a tool. In this context, the aim is to conduct a brief review of the use of exergames in physical education curriculum, exploring school curriculum, digital culture, and motivation and enjoyment for the learning processes in the video game environment

Parole chiave

  • curriculum
  • active gaming
  • exergaming
  • experience
Accesso libero

An Examination of the Differences in Flow between Individual and Team Athletes

Pubblicato online: 19 Jul 2018
Pagine: 33 - 40

Astratto

Abstract

The purpose of this exploratory study was to investigate differences between the flow experiences of NCAA Division I team athletes versus individual athletes. A volunteer sample of 104 collegiate athletes completed a 42-item flow questionnaire. Multiple linear regressions showed mean flow scores for team athletes were significantly higher than individual athletes (β = -1.66, p = 0.004), with an R2 value of 0.03. The type of sport was a significant predictor of three of the nine dimensions of flow, with the largest difference explaining 9% of the variance. The results of this study are unique and answer the repeated call in the literature for team flow research. In summary, team sport athletes experienced total flow at a higher overall rate than individual sport athletes, allowing for the conclusion that team sport athletes can and do experience flow.

Parole chiave

  • flow
  • athlete
  • peak performance
  • in the zone
Accesso libero

Economic Impact of the 11th Douro Valley Half Marathon

Pubblicato online: 19 Jul 2018
Pagine: 41 - 49

Astratto

Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the direct economic impact of the 11th Douro Valley Half Marathon held in Portugal in 2016. An ad-hoc questionnaire was designed for collecting data. It was composed of four dimensions: (i) socio-demographic data, (ii) expenses, (iii) sports practice, and (iv) satisfaction with the event (54 items in total). There were 375 questionnaires randomly collected in a total of 16,330 runners. The mean expense of local participants in this half marathon was €219, while non-resident participants expended about €320. Thus, the local participants’ inflow was €1,036,965, while the non-resident participants’ inflow was €3,709,760, resulting in a total participant inflow of €4,746,725. Regarding the participants’ specific expenses, the following order was obtained: 1st, accommodation; 2nd, food; 3rd, travel costs; 4th, shopping. It was calculated that the total local economic impact of the 11th Douro Valley Half Marathon participants was almost five million euros (€4,746,725).

`Keywords

  • expenses
  • satisfaction
  • economic impact
  • sport events
  • running
Accesso libero

Sexual Behaviour of Combative Athletes – Is There a Greater Risk?

Pubblicato online: 19 Jul 2018
Pagine: 50 - 56

Astratto

Abstract

Athletes are often associated with a greater degree of risk behaviour. It also includes potentially dangerous sexual habits and behaviour, among other things. This study deals with sexual habits and behaviour of combative athletes. The research sample (n-65) consists of representatives of various combat sports and these representatives are categorized into three groups: international (n-15), national (n-28), and regional competitors (n-22). Data were collected through the medium of a questionnaire which allowed us to compare results with sexual behaviour of Czech population over last 20 years. Athletes comprised in this study are more sexually active, have more sexual partners over the life, and tend to have various, risk sexual behaviour more likely than common Czech population. This phenomenon is more significant in elite athletes. We believe this could be affected by access to short-term relationships and by the awareness of athletes that they are attractive to women. In the light of these findings, we suggest to increase prevention of risky sexual behaviour for athletes in masculine sports.

Parole chiave

  • sexual habits
  • risky sexual behaviour
  • prevention
  • sexually transmitted illnesses
Accesso libero

Moderato: Master and disciple – A Case Study in the Olympic Landscape

Pubblicato online: 19 Jul 2018
Pagine: 57 - 71

Astratto

Abstract

The text characterizes the master-disciple relationship, which is interpreted in a historical context (of ancient Greece) and the contemporary one. In the first case it refers to the connection taking place between Socrates and his disciples (and especially between him and Plato). In the second case the author presents a study of one case of a supposed master-disciple relationship as a typical case study. He comes to a conclusion that the occurrence of such a relationship depends on two persons: a master and a disciple. When both of them agree that there was, there is and, maybe, there will be such a connection between them, it can be proclaimed with certainty that such a relationship existed or can start to exist. However, when any party of the supposed relationship is of an opinion that it has never existed, it is necessary to concede that (s)he is right, since it is not proper when one party maintains against the second party’s will - or without his/her knowledge - that there was a master-disciple relationship between them.

Parole chiave

  • master
  • disciple
  • case study
  • Olympic landscape
7 Articoli
Accesso libero

The Relation between Olympians and Employees of the Media in Hungary: Motivations, Attitudes, Rejection

Pubblicato online: 19 Jul 2018
Pagine: 5 - 12

Astratto

Abstract

In the present study, we examine the relation between Olympians and employees of the media in Hungary through the following terms: motivations, attitudes, and rejection. The empirical research presented in this paper focused on the following research questions: 1.What motivates Olympians and employees of the media in their cooperation? 2. What kind of attitudes characterise them in their relation? 3. Why and how often do employees of the media get rejected by elite athletes? In the framework of the research, a survey was carried out among the Hungarian Olympic athletes participating at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games (N=104) and on the total population of media workers accredited to the Olympics (N=28). The data were collected by two questionnaires. The first one contained 31 questions for the Olympians, and the second one had 26 questions for the media workers. The two versions included overlapping sections as well, which made it possible to explore the respondents’ views on the same topic and get comparable outcomes in some cases. The analysis aims to present and contrast the viewpoints of Olympians and employees of the media with each other. The results show that over half of elite athletes do not like to participate in the media, but they are aware that it is necessary; that is the reason why many of them mostly accept sport related interview requests. Parallel with this, media workers assume that the majority of elite athletes like to appear in front of the public. In general terms, the main goals for elite athletes are to train well, to qualify for major international meets, and to achieve outstanding results. On the other side, the intentions of the media workers is to publish stories to the audience, which could be positive, negative, informative, provocative, or sensational. Elite athletes and employees of the media need to be more aware of each other’s motivations, attitudes and aims for better understanding each other.

Parole chiave

  • Olympic athletes
  • sport media
  • journalists
  • Rio 2016
  • media representation
Accesso libero

Political Relation among the State and International Sports Organizations: The 2014 FIFA World Cup Event in Brazil

Pubblicato online: 19 Jul 2018
Pagine: 13 - 22

Astratto

Abstract

Throughout the men’s 2014 FIFA World Cup event in Brazil (WC-2014), there was an ongoing reflexive debate that stated the possibility that FIFA, due to orders imposed on the state of Brazil, slandered the country’s national sovereignty. However, FIFA’s sovereignty concerning regulations and international football championships is relativized when contrasted to that of the state. Having the WC- 2014 as a concrete object, the aim was to investigate how relations among sports and politics occurred. A qualitative research study was used through the analysis of documents and literature. It was verified that the WC-2014 event was fitting with the patterns of transnational relationships, in which sovereign entities (the state and FIFA) renounce a portion of their external sovereignty for mutual gain. The misfortune appears when this gain is associated with leaders (political or sports) and not the people, which can cause an internal sovereignty issue. Relating to the WC- 2014, the counter-orders generated during the exception period were not due to FIFA’s interference in the national sovereignty, but to the illegitimacy / immorality of the rulers who accepted the conditions of the transnational institution

Parole chiave

  • sports
  • politics
  • mega-events
  • sports law
Accesso libero

Exergames Experience in Physical Education: A Review

Pubblicato online: 19 Jul 2018
Pagine: 23 - 32

Astratto

Abstract

Exergames are consoles that require a higher physical effort to play when compared to traditional video games. Active video games, active gaming, interactive games, movement-controlled video games, exertion games, and exergaming are terms used to define the kinds of video games in which the exertion interface enables a new experience. Exergames have added a component of physical activity to the otherwise motionless video game environment and have the potential to contribute to physical education classes by supplementing the current activity options and increasing student enjoyment. The use of exergames in schools has already shown positive results in the past through their potential to fight obesity. As for the pedagogical aspects of exergames, they have attracted educators’ attention due to the large number of games and activities that can be incorporated into the curriculum. In this way, the school must consider the development of a new physical education curriculum in which the key to promoting healthy physical activity in children and youth is enjoyment, using video games as a tool. In this context, the aim is to conduct a brief review of the use of exergames in physical education curriculum, exploring school curriculum, digital culture, and motivation and enjoyment for the learning processes in the video game environment

Parole chiave

  • curriculum
  • active gaming
  • exergaming
  • experience
Accesso libero

An Examination of the Differences in Flow between Individual and Team Athletes

Pubblicato online: 19 Jul 2018
Pagine: 33 - 40

Astratto

Abstract

The purpose of this exploratory study was to investigate differences between the flow experiences of NCAA Division I team athletes versus individual athletes. A volunteer sample of 104 collegiate athletes completed a 42-item flow questionnaire. Multiple linear regressions showed mean flow scores for team athletes were significantly higher than individual athletes (β = -1.66, p = 0.004), with an R2 value of 0.03. The type of sport was a significant predictor of three of the nine dimensions of flow, with the largest difference explaining 9% of the variance. The results of this study are unique and answer the repeated call in the literature for team flow research. In summary, team sport athletes experienced total flow at a higher overall rate than individual sport athletes, allowing for the conclusion that team sport athletes can and do experience flow.

Parole chiave

  • flow
  • athlete
  • peak performance
  • in the zone
Accesso libero

Economic Impact of the 11th Douro Valley Half Marathon

Pubblicato online: 19 Jul 2018
Pagine: 41 - 49

Astratto

Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the direct economic impact of the 11th Douro Valley Half Marathon held in Portugal in 2016. An ad-hoc questionnaire was designed for collecting data. It was composed of four dimensions: (i) socio-demographic data, (ii) expenses, (iii) sports practice, and (iv) satisfaction with the event (54 items in total). There were 375 questionnaires randomly collected in a total of 16,330 runners. The mean expense of local participants in this half marathon was €219, while non-resident participants expended about €320. Thus, the local participants’ inflow was €1,036,965, while the non-resident participants’ inflow was €3,709,760, resulting in a total participant inflow of €4,746,725. Regarding the participants’ specific expenses, the following order was obtained: 1st, accommodation; 2nd, food; 3rd, travel costs; 4th, shopping. It was calculated that the total local economic impact of the 11th Douro Valley Half Marathon participants was almost five million euros (€4,746,725).

`Keywords

  • expenses
  • satisfaction
  • economic impact
  • sport events
  • running
Accesso libero

Sexual Behaviour of Combative Athletes – Is There a Greater Risk?

Pubblicato online: 19 Jul 2018
Pagine: 50 - 56

Astratto

Abstract

Athletes are often associated with a greater degree of risk behaviour. It also includes potentially dangerous sexual habits and behaviour, among other things. This study deals with sexual habits and behaviour of combative athletes. The research sample (n-65) consists of representatives of various combat sports and these representatives are categorized into three groups: international (n-15), national (n-28), and regional competitors (n-22). Data were collected through the medium of a questionnaire which allowed us to compare results with sexual behaviour of Czech population over last 20 years. Athletes comprised in this study are more sexually active, have more sexual partners over the life, and tend to have various, risk sexual behaviour more likely than common Czech population. This phenomenon is more significant in elite athletes. We believe this could be affected by access to short-term relationships and by the awareness of athletes that they are attractive to women. In the light of these findings, we suggest to increase prevention of risky sexual behaviour for athletes in masculine sports.

Parole chiave

  • sexual habits
  • risky sexual behaviour
  • prevention
  • sexually transmitted illnesses
Accesso libero

Moderato: Master and disciple – A Case Study in the Olympic Landscape

Pubblicato online: 19 Jul 2018
Pagine: 57 - 71

Astratto

Abstract

The text characterizes the master-disciple relationship, which is interpreted in a historical context (of ancient Greece) and the contemporary one. In the first case it refers to the connection taking place between Socrates and his disciples (and especially between him and Plato). In the second case the author presents a study of one case of a supposed master-disciple relationship as a typical case study. He comes to a conclusion that the occurrence of such a relationship depends on two persons: a master and a disciple. When both of them agree that there was, there is and, maybe, there will be such a connection between them, it can be proclaimed with certainty that such a relationship existed or can start to exist. However, when any party of the supposed relationship is of an opinion that it has never existed, it is necessary to concede that (s)he is right, since it is not proper when one party maintains against the second party’s will - or without his/her knowledge - that there was a master-disciple relationship between them.

Parole chiave

  • master
  • disciple
  • case study
  • Olympic landscape

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