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Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1335-8871
First Published
07 Mar 2008
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 21 (2021): Issue 1 (February 2021)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1335-8871
First Published
07 Mar 2008
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
English

Search

6 Articles
Open Access

New Electronic Interface Circuits for Humidity Measurement Based on the Current Processing Technique

Published Online: 30 Mar 2021
Page range: 1 - 10

Abstract

Abstract

The paper describes a new electronic conditioning circuit based on the current-processing technique for accurate and reliable humidity measurement, without post-processing requirements. Pseudobrookite nanocrystalline (Fe2TiO5) thick film was used as capacitive humidity transducer in the proposed design. The interface integrated circuit was realized in TSMC 0.18 μm CMOS technology, but commercial devices were used for practical realization. The sensing principle of the sensor was obtained by converting the information on environment humidity into a frequency variable square-wave electric current signal. The proposed solution features high linearity, insensitivity to temperature, as well as low power consumption. The sensor has a linear function with relative humidity in the range of Relative Humidity (RH) 30-90 %, error below 1.5 %, and sensitivity 8.3 x 1014 Hz/F evaluated over the full range of changes. A fast recovery without the need of any refreshing methods was observed with a change in RH. The total power dissipation of readout circuitry was 1 mW.

Keywords

  • Humidity sensor
  • capacity sensor interface
  • current-processing technique
  • DXCCTA
  • experimental verification
Open Access

Areal Surface Texture Parameters for Copper/Glass Plating Adhesion Characteristics

Published Online: 30 Mar 2021
Page range: 11 - 18

Abstract

Abstract

Glass as an alternative printed circuit board material and interposer has been investigated for use in the micro-electronics industry. Electroless copper plating is used to provide the conductive layer, but there is limited understanding of how the surface topography of the glass substrate affects the copper/glass bonding strength exhibited in the current literature. A laser ablation technique was used to prepare glass surfaces with micro-scale structured features in this study, and these features were characterized quantitatively using areal surface texture parameters. The copper/glass bonding adhesion strength was quantified using a scratch testing technique, and the relationships between the critical loads measured and the areal surface parameters, as well as discussion of the underlying mechanisms, are presented in this report. Statistical analysis was employed to identify the most relevant areal parameters that may be used for prediction of the copper/glass bonding strength and for design of adhesion promoting surface textures. The experimental results suggest that the most significant areal surface texture parameters to consider are Sq, Sdq, Sdr, Sxp, Vv, Vmc, and Vvc, and the recommended value range for each parameter for optimal plating adhesion performance is given.

Keywords

  • Surface topography
  • areal parameters
  • scratch testing
  • plating adhesion
Open Access

Research on Novel Denoising Method of Variational Mode Decomposition in MEMS Gyroscope

Published Online: 30 Mar 2021
Page range: 19 - 24

Abstract

Abstract

The noise signal in the gyroscope is divided into four levels: sampling frequency level, device bandwidth frequency level, resonant frequency level, and carrier frequency level. In this paper, the signal in the dual-mass MEMS gyroscope is analyzed. Based on the variational mode decomposition (VMD) algorithm, a novel dual-mass MEMS gyroscope noise reduction method is proposed. The VMD method with different four-level center frequencies is used to process the original output signal of the MEMS gyroscope, and the results are analyzed by the Allan analysis of variance, which shows that the ARW of the gyroscope is increased from 1.998*10−1°/√h to 1.552*10−4°/√h, BS increased from 2.5261°/h to 0.0093°/h.

Keywords

  • MEMS gyroscope
  • variational mode decomposition
  • denoising
  • frequency band
Open Access

Signal Smoothing with Time-Space Fractional Order Model

Published Online: 30 Mar 2021
Page range: 25 - 32

Abstract

Abstract

The time-space fractional-order model (TSFOM) is a generation of the classical diffusion model which is an excellent smoothing method. In this paper, the fractional-order derivative in the model is found to have good performance for peak-preserving. To check the validity and performance of the model, some noisy signals are smoothed by some commonly used smoothing methods and results are compared with those of the proposed model. The comparison result shows that the proposed method outperforms the classical nonlinear diffusion model and some commonly used smoothing methods.

Keywords

  • Fractional diffusion
  • signal smoothing
  • filtering
Open Access

A Frequency-Time Algorithm of Parameter Estimation for Sinusoidal Signal in Noise

Published Online: 30 Mar 2021
Page range: 33 - 38

Abstract

Abstract

In this paper, a computationally efficient and high precision parameter estimation algorithm with frequency-time combination is proposed to improve the estimation performance for sinusoidal signal in noise, which takes the advantages of frequency- and time-domain algorithms. The noise influence is suppressed through spectrum analysis to get coarse frequency, and the fine frequency is obtained by denoising filtering and using linear prediction property. Then, estimation values of the amplitude and initial phase are obtained. The numerical results indicate that the proposed algorithm makes up for the shortcomings of frequency- and time-domain algorithms and improves the anti-interference performance and parameter estimation accuracy for sinusoidal signal.

Keywords

  • Frequency-time combination
  • parameter estimation
  • spectrum analysis
  • de-noising
  • linear prediction property
Open Access

Indirect Measurement of Shielding Effectiveness of an Enclosure for a Security Camera

Published Online: 30 Mar 2021
Page range: 39 - 46

Abstract

Abstract

This paper presents the results of our experiment, which consisted in measurement of the shielding effectiveness of a camera enclosure that was designed and constructed in order to increase the susceptibility of a camera against external electromagnetic fields. All activities, from defining of requirements to final design and measurements, were performed in the Laboratory of Electromagnetic Compatibility at the Faculty of Applied Informatics of Tomas Bata University in Zlín. The hereby described approach allowed to utilize standardized laboratory equipment that is normally used for device susceptibility test to radiated electric field. The measurement was made inside a semi-anechoic room additionally damped by absorbers placed on its floor. When configuring the experiment, relevant EMC standards EN 55016 and EN 61000-4-3 were considered. Although the uncertainty tolerances, allowed by the relevant standards, were quite high for measurements in such rooms, the results obtained by the experiment matched the theoretical expectations quite satisfactorily.

Keywords

  • Electric field measurement
  • security camera
  • shielding effectiveness
  • indirect measurement
6 Articles
Open Access

New Electronic Interface Circuits for Humidity Measurement Based on the Current Processing Technique

Published Online: 30 Mar 2021
Page range: 1 - 10

Abstract

Abstract

The paper describes a new electronic conditioning circuit based on the current-processing technique for accurate and reliable humidity measurement, without post-processing requirements. Pseudobrookite nanocrystalline (Fe2TiO5) thick film was used as capacitive humidity transducer in the proposed design. The interface integrated circuit was realized in TSMC 0.18 μm CMOS technology, but commercial devices were used for practical realization. The sensing principle of the sensor was obtained by converting the information on environment humidity into a frequency variable square-wave electric current signal. The proposed solution features high linearity, insensitivity to temperature, as well as low power consumption. The sensor has a linear function with relative humidity in the range of Relative Humidity (RH) 30-90 %, error below 1.5 %, and sensitivity 8.3 x 1014 Hz/F evaluated over the full range of changes. A fast recovery without the need of any refreshing methods was observed with a change in RH. The total power dissipation of readout circuitry was 1 mW.

Keywords

  • Humidity sensor
  • capacity sensor interface
  • current-processing technique
  • DXCCTA
  • experimental verification
Open Access

Areal Surface Texture Parameters for Copper/Glass Plating Adhesion Characteristics

Published Online: 30 Mar 2021
Page range: 11 - 18

Abstract

Abstract

Glass as an alternative printed circuit board material and interposer has been investigated for use in the micro-electronics industry. Electroless copper plating is used to provide the conductive layer, but there is limited understanding of how the surface topography of the glass substrate affects the copper/glass bonding strength exhibited in the current literature. A laser ablation technique was used to prepare glass surfaces with micro-scale structured features in this study, and these features were characterized quantitatively using areal surface texture parameters. The copper/glass bonding adhesion strength was quantified using a scratch testing technique, and the relationships between the critical loads measured and the areal surface parameters, as well as discussion of the underlying mechanisms, are presented in this report. Statistical analysis was employed to identify the most relevant areal parameters that may be used for prediction of the copper/glass bonding strength and for design of adhesion promoting surface textures. The experimental results suggest that the most significant areal surface texture parameters to consider are Sq, Sdq, Sdr, Sxp, Vv, Vmc, and Vvc, and the recommended value range for each parameter for optimal plating adhesion performance is given.

Keywords

  • Surface topography
  • areal parameters
  • scratch testing
  • plating adhesion
Open Access

Research on Novel Denoising Method of Variational Mode Decomposition in MEMS Gyroscope

Published Online: 30 Mar 2021
Page range: 19 - 24

Abstract

Abstract

The noise signal in the gyroscope is divided into four levels: sampling frequency level, device bandwidth frequency level, resonant frequency level, and carrier frequency level. In this paper, the signal in the dual-mass MEMS gyroscope is analyzed. Based on the variational mode decomposition (VMD) algorithm, a novel dual-mass MEMS gyroscope noise reduction method is proposed. The VMD method with different four-level center frequencies is used to process the original output signal of the MEMS gyroscope, and the results are analyzed by the Allan analysis of variance, which shows that the ARW of the gyroscope is increased from 1.998*10−1°/√h to 1.552*10−4°/√h, BS increased from 2.5261°/h to 0.0093°/h.

Keywords

  • MEMS gyroscope
  • variational mode decomposition
  • denoising
  • frequency band
Open Access

Signal Smoothing with Time-Space Fractional Order Model

Published Online: 30 Mar 2021
Page range: 25 - 32

Abstract

Abstract

The time-space fractional-order model (TSFOM) is a generation of the classical diffusion model which is an excellent smoothing method. In this paper, the fractional-order derivative in the model is found to have good performance for peak-preserving. To check the validity and performance of the model, some noisy signals are smoothed by some commonly used smoothing methods and results are compared with those of the proposed model. The comparison result shows that the proposed method outperforms the classical nonlinear diffusion model and some commonly used smoothing methods.

Keywords

  • Fractional diffusion
  • signal smoothing
  • filtering
Open Access

A Frequency-Time Algorithm of Parameter Estimation for Sinusoidal Signal in Noise

Published Online: 30 Mar 2021
Page range: 33 - 38

Abstract

Abstract

In this paper, a computationally efficient and high precision parameter estimation algorithm with frequency-time combination is proposed to improve the estimation performance for sinusoidal signal in noise, which takes the advantages of frequency- and time-domain algorithms. The noise influence is suppressed through spectrum analysis to get coarse frequency, and the fine frequency is obtained by denoising filtering and using linear prediction property. Then, estimation values of the amplitude and initial phase are obtained. The numerical results indicate that the proposed algorithm makes up for the shortcomings of frequency- and time-domain algorithms and improves the anti-interference performance and parameter estimation accuracy for sinusoidal signal.

Keywords

  • Frequency-time combination
  • parameter estimation
  • spectrum analysis
  • de-noising
  • linear prediction property
Open Access

Indirect Measurement of Shielding Effectiveness of an Enclosure for a Security Camera

Published Online: 30 Mar 2021
Page range: 39 - 46

Abstract

Abstract

This paper presents the results of our experiment, which consisted in measurement of the shielding effectiveness of a camera enclosure that was designed and constructed in order to increase the susceptibility of a camera against external electromagnetic fields. All activities, from defining of requirements to final design and measurements, were performed in the Laboratory of Electromagnetic Compatibility at the Faculty of Applied Informatics of Tomas Bata University in Zlín. The hereby described approach allowed to utilize standardized laboratory equipment that is normally used for device susceptibility test to radiated electric field. The measurement was made inside a semi-anechoic room additionally damped by absorbers placed on its floor. When configuring the experiment, relevant EMC standards EN 55016 and EN 61000-4-3 were considered. Although the uncertainty tolerances, allowed by the relevant standards, were quite high for measurements in such rooms, the results obtained by the experiment matched the theoretical expectations quite satisfactorily.

Keywords

  • Electric field measurement
  • security camera
  • shielding effectiveness
  • indirect measurement

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