Rivista e Edizione

AHEAD OF PRINT

Volume 26 (2022): Edizione 3 (July 2022)
Thematic Edizione: Contemporary world political geography - unity in diversity. Guest Editor: Marcin Solarz

Volume 26 (2022): Edizione 2 (April 2022)

Volume 26 (2022): Edizione 1 (January 2022)

Volume 25 (2021): Edizione 4 (October 2021)
Thematic Edizione: “Innovation in geospatial and 3D data” focuses on the newest achievements in the field of Geodata, which are used in Geosciences and for various applications such as urban planning, territorial management, damage assessment, environmental monitoring, 3D city modelling, renewable energy assessment, land registry, heritage documentation.

Volume 25 (2021): Edizione 3 (July 2021)

Volume 25 (2021): Edizione 2 (April 2021)

Volume 25 (2021): Edizione 1 (January 2021)
Thematic Edizione: Re-inventing territorial organization of the local tier: municipal splits in Central and Eastern Europe. Guest Editors: Pawel Swianiewicz, Katarzyna Szmigiel-Rawska

Volume 24 (2020): Edizione 4 (October 2020)

Volume 24 (2020): Edizione 3 (July 2020)
Thematic Edizione: UTCI application in different spatial and temporal scales. Editors: Krzysztof Błażejczyk, Bożena Kicińska.

Volume 24 (2020): Edizione 2 (April 2020)

Volume 24 (2020): Edizione 1 (January 2020)

Volume 23 (2019): Edizione 4 (October 2019)

Volume 23 (2019): Edizione 3 (July 2019)
Thematic Edizione: History and space: challenges, methods, applications. Editors: Piotr Werner, Izabela Gołębiowska, Izabela Karsznia

Volume 23 (2019): Edizione 2 (April 2019)

Volume 23 (2019): Edizione 1 (January 2019)

Volume 22 (2018): Edizione 4 (December 2018)
Thematic Edizione: Organisation of Contemporary Urban Space. Towards Planning, Arrangement and Management of Cities. Guest Editors: Mikołaj Madurowicz, Andrzej Lisowski

Volume 22 (2018): Edizione 3 (September 2018)

Volume 22 (2018): Edizione 2 (June 2018)
Thematic Edizione: Evolution of Cultural Landscapes. Longue duree of local wine landscapes. Guest Editors: Jerzy Makowski, Joanna Miętkiewska-Brynda

Volume 22 (2018): Edizione 1 (March 2018)

Volume 21 (2017): Edizione 4 (December 2017)

Volume 21 (2017): Edizione 3 (September 2017)

Volume 21 (2017): Edizione 2 (June 2017)
Thematic Edizione: Innovations in Peripheral Regions. Guest Editor: Katarzyna Szmigiel-Rawska

Volume 21 (2017): Edizione 1 (March 2017)

Volume 20 (2016): Edizione 4 (December 2016)

Volume 20 (2016): Edizione 3 (September 2016)

Volume 20 (2016): Edizione 2 (June 2016)

Volume 20 (2016): Edizione 1 (March 2016)
Thematic Edizione: APEX - new possibilities for airborne remote sensing

Volume 19 (2015): Edizione 4 (December 2015)

Volume 19 (2015): Edizione 3 (September 2015)

Volume 19 (2015): Edizione 2 (June 2015)
Thematic Edizione: The Future of Islands

Volume 19 (2015): Edizione 1 (March 2015)

Volume 18 (2014): Edizione 4 (December 2014)

Volume 18 (2014): Edizione 3 (September 2014)

Volume 18 (2014): Edizione 2 (June 2014)
Thematic issue: Geoinformatics

Volume 18 (2014): Edizione 1 (March 2014)

Volume 17 (2013): Edizione 4 (December 2013)
Thematic Edizione: Integrated Landscape Studies

Volume 17 (2013): Edizione 3 (September 2013)

Volume 17 (2013): Edizione 2 (June 2013)

Volume 17 (2013): Edizione 1 (March 2013)

Volume 16 (2012): Edizione 2 (December 2012)

Volume 16 (2012): Edizione 1 (October 2012)

Volume 15 (2011): Edizione 1 (January 2011)

Volume 14 (2010): Edizione 1 (December 2010)

Volume 13 (2008): Edizione 1 (December 2008)

Volume 12 (2006): Edizione 1 (December 2006)

Volume 11 (2004): Edizione 1 (December 2004)

Volume 10 (2002): Edizione 1 (December 2002)

Volume 9 (2000): Edizione 1 (March 2000)

Volume 8 (1998): Edizione 1 (March 1998)

Volume 7 (1996): Edizione 1 (March 1996)

Volume 6 (1994): Edizione 1 (March 1994)

Volume 5 (1992): Edizione 1 (March 1992)

Volume 4 (1990): Edizione 1 (March 1990)

Volume 3 (1988): Edizione 1 (March 1988)

Volume 2 (1986): Edizione 1 (March 1986)

Volume 1 (1984): Edizione 1 (March 1984)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2084-6118
Pubblicato per la prima volta
01 Jan 1984
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 25 (2021): Edizione 1 (January 2021)
Thematic Edizione: Re-inventing territorial organization of the local tier: municipal splits in Central and Eastern Europe. Guest Editors: Pawel Swianiewicz, Katarzyna Szmigiel-Rawska

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2084-6118
Pubblicato per la prima volta
01 Jan 1984
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

8 Articoli

This issue has been prepared thanks to support from the “Territorial reforms in Europe – a comparative perspective” Research Project. The Project was funded by the Narodowe Centrum Nauki (National Science Centre) in Poland, grant number 2017/26/M/HS5/00152. The idea for a joint issue of the journal emerged during discussions conducted during the seminar organized in Warsaw as part of the Project on 26-27 April 2019. The goal of the seminar was to discuss the processes and results of municipal territorial reforms in Europe in a comparative perspective. The authors of the articles published in this issue were recruited mainly from among the participants of that seminar.

access type Accesso libero

From post-communist democratic laissez-faire to prevention of territorial fragmentation: tightening the rules of municipal splits in Central and Eastern Europe after 1990

Pubblicato online: 31 Jan 2021
Pagine: 5 - 17

Astratto

Abstract

The article discusses municipal boundary changes in Central and Eastern Europe, concentrating on the heavily under-researched phenomenon of municipal splits. The first part describes the basic facts of municipal secessions in the region analysed. The second part presents a model explaining the national and municipal level factors behind the variation in the occurrence of successful split initiatives. It distinguishes between national institutional settings, economic, identity (cultural) and local political factors.

Parole chiave

  • Territorial reforms
  • local government
  • economy of scale
  • local democracy
  • Central and Eastern Europe
access type Accesso libero

Local Identity or Economic Benefits? The Municipal Splits in the Czech Republic

Pubblicato online: 20 Jan 2021
Pagine: 18 - 27

Astratto

Abstract

This paper studies 38 splits that occurred between 1995 and 2020 in the Czech Republic. Although the initial splits, that took place during the time of democratic transition, were driven by perceived local identity and the historical memory of being a former independent municipality, the splits after 1995 were predominantly driven by economic factors, be it objective underinvestment and a perceived grievance that the mother municipality was not taking care of its fringe parts. In all cases, the mother municipality had failed to communicate with the initiator of a referendum. However, if the central municipality invested in its parts and its political leaders communicated with its citizens, the municipality did not lose its part despites the attempts of secessionist leaders.

Parole chiave

  • Municipal splits
  • economy of scale
  • the Czech Republic
  • municipal fragmentation
  • territorial reform
  • local competition
access type Accesso libero

Reversing the Past. Municipal Splits in Slovakia After 1989

Pubblicato online: 29 Jan 2021
Pagine: 28 - 36

Astratto

Abstract

The research on territorial reforms on the local level has so far focused on municipal amalgamations. However, less is known about municipal splits – a phenomenon that is less frequent, but that occurred in several European countries in recent decades. This paper deals with municipal splits in Slovakia after 1989, and it examines a set of factors that supported municipalities in their effort to obtain independence. The findings show that the massive wave of splits that began shortly after 1989 was primarily motivated by the aim of reversing the consequences of the amalgamation that had been conducted by the Communist regime. Hence, the question of identity was the main trigger leading to municipal splits. On the other hand, the analysis found that economic factors had only a limited role in the establishing of new municipalities in Slovakia.

Parole chiave

  • Municipalities
  • splits
  • Slovakia
  • public administration
  • local politics
access type Accesso libero

Municipal splits and hidden amalgamations in Hungary

Pubblicato online: 17 Nov 2020
Pagine: 37 - 45

Astratto

Abstract

In 1990, a decentralized local government system was introduced in Hungary. One of the main issues of the system was fragmentation at local level. This paper examines the attempts made by the central government to deal with this issue in the last thirty years. First, the study analyses the municipal splits and maps the dynamics, the reasons, and the environmental and political factors affecting these secessions. Second, it examines the government’s attempts at reform to reduce the effects of fragmentation.

The paper argues that the Fidesz-KDNP electoral victory in 2010 was a milestone in the handling of territorial issues: municipal splits became virtually impossible with the new regulation of the secession process, and de facto territorial consolidation reform was carried out through alteration of the local electoral system and functional rescaling and merging of the mayors’ offices.

Parole chiave

  • Local government
  • municipal split
  • local reform
  • Hungary
access type Accesso libero

Process of local government fragmentation in Croatia: From a big-bang to a status quo

Pubblicato online: 20 Jan 2021
Pagine: 46 - 53

Astratto

Abstract

The paper explores and explains the fragmentation process in Croatian local government during the transition period from 1990 onwards. Special focus is given to the emergence of new municipalities (municipal splits/secessions) that occurred after the new two-tier local government system was established in 1993. Excessive fragmentation of territorial structure at the beginning of the 1990s was a systematic and centrally driven reform that was meant to break with the inherited local government model and break up its territorial structure as radically as possible. While the initial overhaul in 1993 was mostly the result of conscious policy implemented in a top-down manner, subsequent municipal splits were mostly the outcome of local initiatives and lobbying, and were predominantly shaped by local, primarily economic factors, whereas political and cultural factors were of secondary importance. The national institutional context, including criteria and procedural rules for splits, were quite liberal during this whole period, with a moderate tightening-up trajectory. The number of municipalities finally stabilised in 2006, since when there have been no more splits.

Parole chiave

  • Croatia
  • local government
  • municipal splits
  • territorial fragmentation
access type Accesso libero

Factors contributing to municipal splits in Slovenia

Pubblicato online: 20 Oct 2020
Pagine: 54 - 61

Astratto

Abstract

Slovenian communities were eager to re-establish autonomous local governments after the introduction of democracy. These newly established municipalities corresponded territorially to the previous regime’s local communities; however, only 194 municipalities were formed from over 1,200 communities. Some municipalities comprised a cluster of communities, some of which later became proponents of splits, due to the sense that they were being neglected by the rest of the municipality and in the hope of receiving more funds as separate municipalities. Although stricter criteria for establishing municipalities were imposed and the scope of formal initiators was narrowed to limit the splits, the proponents found loopholes in the form of political patrons (deputies) and, as a last resort, sought justice from the constitutional court. The splits occurred in both underdeveloped and developed municipalities. The breakaway municipalities were not more developed than the mother municipality; about a third were less developed. There were no clear financial advantages in creating separate municipalities.

Parole chiave

  • Fragmentation
  • municipal splits
  • local self-government reform
  • local referendum
  • local finances
access type Accesso libero

Territorial fragmentation in post-communist Romania: the not so curious case of a de-amalgamation reform

Pubblicato online: 29 Jan 2021
Pagine: 62 - 70

Astratto

Abstract

The efficiency-driven trend towards amalgamation characterising local government reforms in Europe seems to have escaped Romania, which displays a significant increase in the number of local governments post-1989. This is the result of rural first-tier local governments splitting into smaller units. The paper examines objective factors and subjective motivations that have shaped the behaviour of both national and local actors in dealing with territorial reform. First, it explores the rationale and rationality of a central government initiative to facilitate municipal splits against a set of criteria derived from the literature. Second, it examines the municipal splits occurring between 1991 and 2018 against alternative or concurring explanations developed in the literature based on economic, socio-cultural and political elements. The paper argues that in the highly charged political context of the post-communist countries it is reasonable to expect a dominance of subjective rather than objective factors in decision-making on territorial reform.

Parole chiave

  • Territorial reforms
  • de-amalgamation
  • local government
  • Romania
access type Accesso libero

Striving for a restitution of the former splendor? Reasons for municipal splits in Poland

Pubblicato online: 29 Jan 2021
Pagine: 71 - 81

Astratto

Abstract

Shaping the administrative division of the country is influenced by various factors. Based on the analysis of 22 municipal divorces in Poland between 1995 and 2019 the article attempts to identify the determinant factors of these splits. The article examines environmental (economic or cultural) and political factors which may stimulate the fragmentation initiatives. The results indicate that in Poland cultural factors appear to be at least as important as economic ones. An argument of great significance in the process of a new municipality creation (both in the case of successful and unsuccessful splits) was the memory of the inhabitants about the time when they were operating as a separate municipality. In case of rural municipalities the existence of a second almost equally important population centre in the municipality was an important factor contributing to the municipal splits.

Parole chiave

  • Territorial reforms
  • local government
  • fragmentation
  • territorial division
  • Poland
8 Articoli

This issue has been prepared thanks to support from the “Territorial reforms in Europe – a comparative perspective” Research Project. The Project was funded by the Narodowe Centrum Nauki (National Science Centre) in Poland, grant number 2017/26/M/HS5/00152. The idea for a joint issue of the journal emerged during discussions conducted during the seminar organized in Warsaw as part of the Project on 26-27 April 2019. The goal of the seminar was to discuss the processes and results of municipal territorial reforms in Europe in a comparative perspective. The authors of the articles published in this issue were recruited mainly from among the participants of that seminar.

access type Accesso libero

From post-communist democratic laissez-faire to prevention of territorial fragmentation: tightening the rules of municipal splits in Central and Eastern Europe after 1990

Pubblicato online: 31 Jan 2021
Pagine: 5 - 17

Astratto

Abstract

The article discusses municipal boundary changes in Central and Eastern Europe, concentrating on the heavily under-researched phenomenon of municipal splits. The first part describes the basic facts of municipal secessions in the region analysed. The second part presents a model explaining the national and municipal level factors behind the variation in the occurrence of successful split initiatives. It distinguishes between national institutional settings, economic, identity (cultural) and local political factors.

Parole chiave

  • Territorial reforms
  • local government
  • economy of scale
  • local democracy
  • Central and Eastern Europe
access type Accesso libero

Local Identity or Economic Benefits? The Municipal Splits in the Czech Republic

Pubblicato online: 20 Jan 2021
Pagine: 18 - 27

Astratto

Abstract

This paper studies 38 splits that occurred between 1995 and 2020 in the Czech Republic. Although the initial splits, that took place during the time of democratic transition, were driven by perceived local identity and the historical memory of being a former independent municipality, the splits after 1995 were predominantly driven by economic factors, be it objective underinvestment and a perceived grievance that the mother municipality was not taking care of its fringe parts. In all cases, the mother municipality had failed to communicate with the initiator of a referendum. However, if the central municipality invested in its parts and its political leaders communicated with its citizens, the municipality did not lose its part despites the attempts of secessionist leaders.

Parole chiave

  • Municipal splits
  • economy of scale
  • the Czech Republic
  • municipal fragmentation
  • territorial reform
  • local competition
access type Accesso libero

Reversing the Past. Municipal Splits in Slovakia After 1989

Pubblicato online: 29 Jan 2021
Pagine: 28 - 36

Astratto

Abstract

The research on territorial reforms on the local level has so far focused on municipal amalgamations. However, less is known about municipal splits – a phenomenon that is less frequent, but that occurred in several European countries in recent decades. This paper deals with municipal splits in Slovakia after 1989, and it examines a set of factors that supported municipalities in their effort to obtain independence. The findings show that the massive wave of splits that began shortly after 1989 was primarily motivated by the aim of reversing the consequences of the amalgamation that had been conducted by the Communist regime. Hence, the question of identity was the main trigger leading to municipal splits. On the other hand, the analysis found that economic factors had only a limited role in the establishing of new municipalities in Slovakia.

Parole chiave

  • Municipalities
  • splits
  • Slovakia
  • public administration
  • local politics
access type Accesso libero

Municipal splits and hidden amalgamations in Hungary

Pubblicato online: 17 Nov 2020
Pagine: 37 - 45

Astratto

Abstract

In 1990, a decentralized local government system was introduced in Hungary. One of the main issues of the system was fragmentation at local level. This paper examines the attempts made by the central government to deal with this issue in the last thirty years. First, the study analyses the municipal splits and maps the dynamics, the reasons, and the environmental and political factors affecting these secessions. Second, it examines the government’s attempts at reform to reduce the effects of fragmentation.

The paper argues that the Fidesz-KDNP electoral victory in 2010 was a milestone in the handling of territorial issues: municipal splits became virtually impossible with the new regulation of the secession process, and de facto territorial consolidation reform was carried out through alteration of the local electoral system and functional rescaling and merging of the mayors’ offices.

Parole chiave

  • Local government
  • municipal split
  • local reform
  • Hungary
access type Accesso libero

Process of local government fragmentation in Croatia: From a big-bang to a status quo

Pubblicato online: 20 Jan 2021
Pagine: 46 - 53

Astratto

Abstract

The paper explores and explains the fragmentation process in Croatian local government during the transition period from 1990 onwards. Special focus is given to the emergence of new municipalities (municipal splits/secessions) that occurred after the new two-tier local government system was established in 1993. Excessive fragmentation of territorial structure at the beginning of the 1990s was a systematic and centrally driven reform that was meant to break with the inherited local government model and break up its territorial structure as radically as possible. While the initial overhaul in 1993 was mostly the result of conscious policy implemented in a top-down manner, subsequent municipal splits were mostly the outcome of local initiatives and lobbying, and were predominantly shaped by local, primarily economic factors, whereas political and cultural factors were of secondary importance. The national institutional context, including criteria and procedural rules for splits, were quite liberal during this whole period, with a moderate tightening-up trajectory. The number of municipalities finally stabilised in 2006, since when there have been no more splits.

Parole chiave

  • Croatia
  • local government
  • municipal splits
  • territorial fragmentation
access type Accesso libero

Factors contributing to municipal splits in Slovenia

Pubblicato online: 20 Oct 2020
Pagine: 54 - 61

Astratto

Abstract

Slovenian communities were eager to re-establish autonomous local governments after the introduction of democracy. These newly established municipalities corresponded territorially to the previous regime’s local communities; however, only 194 municipalities were formed from over 1,200 communities. Some municipalities comprised a cluster of communities, some of which later became proponents of splits, due to the sense that they were being neglected by the rest of the municipality and in the hope of receiving more funds as separate municipalities. Although stricter criteria for establishing municipalities were imposed and the scope of formal initiators was narrowed to limit the splits, the proponents found loopholes in the form of political patrons (deputies) and, as a last resort, sought justice from the constitutional court. The splits occurred in both underdeveloped and developed municipalities. The breakaway municipalities were not more developed than the mother municipality; about a third were less developed. There were no clear financial advantages in creating separate municipalities.

Parole chiave

  • Fragmentation
  • municipal splits
  • local self-government reform
  • local referendum
  • local finances
access type Accesso libero

Territorial fragmentation in post-communist Romania: the not so curious case of a de-amalgamation reform

Pubblicato online: 29 Jan 2021
Pagine: 62 - 70

Astratto

Abstract

The efficiency-driven trend towards amalgamation characterising local government reforms in Europe seems to have escaped Romania, which displays a significant increase in the number of local governments post-1989. This is the result of rural first-tier local governments splitting into smaller units. The paper examines objective factors and subjective motivations that have shaped the behaviour of both national and local actors in dealing with territorial reform. First, it explores the rationale and rationality of a central government initiative to facilitate municipal splits against a set of criteria derived from the literature. Second, it examines the municipal splits occurring between 1991 and 2018 against alternative or concurring explanations developed in the literature based on economic, socio-cultural and political elements. The paper argues that in the highly charged political context of the post-communist countries it is reasonable to expect a dominance of subjective rather than objective factors in decision-making on territorial reform.

Parole chiave

  • Territorial reforms
  • de-amalgamation
  • local government
  • Romania
access type Accesso libero

Striving for a restitution of the former splendor? Reasons for municipal splits in Poland

Pubblicato online: 29 Jan 2021
Pagine: 71 - 81

Astratto

Abstract

Shaping the administrative division of the country is influenced by various factors. Based on the analysis of 22 municipal divorces in Poland between 1995 and 2019 the article attempts to identify the determinant factors of these splits. The article examines environmental (economic or cultural) and political factors which may stimulate the fragmentation initiatives. The results indicate that in Poland cultural factors appear to be at least as important as economic ones. An argument of great significance in the process of a new municipality creation (both in the case of successful and unsuccessful splits) was the memory of the inhabitants about the time when they were operating as a separate municipality. In case of rural municipalities the existence of a second almost equally important population centre in the municipality was an important factor contributing to the municipal splits.

Parole chiave

  • Territorial reforms
  • local government
  • fragmentation
  • territorial division
  • Poland

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