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Special Edizione: This issue is dedicated to the memory of Milan Ryboš, DVM, D.Sc.

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Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1336-9083
ISSN
0440-6605
Pubblicato per la prima volta
22 Apr 2006
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 51 (2014): Edizione 1 (March 2014)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1336-9083
ISSN
0440-6605
Pubblicato per la prima volta
22 Apr 2006
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

12 Articoli
access type Accesso libero

Molecular and morphological exploration of a mixed population of two potato-parasiting nematode species, Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 3 - 6

Astratto

Abstract

In this work, we report results of molecular and morphological analyses of a potato field population of Globodera (Nematoda: Heteroderidae) species, in Slovakia. Unexpectedly, our data show a mixed occurrence of two potato cyst nematode species, Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida, in this locality. To our knowledge, this is the first report of mixed occurrence of these economically important plant-parasitic species in the same locality in the Central Europe. In addition, this finding reinforces the possibility of the cross-hybridization between these two nematode species that might result in a generation of new genotypes.

Parole chiave

  • Potato cyst nematode
  • Globodera rostochiensis
  • Globodera pallida
  • molecular diagnostics
  • morphology
  • population genetics
  • Slovakia
access type Accesso libero

Strongyloides westeri and Parascaris equorum: Observations in field studies in Thoroughbred foals on some farms in Central Kentucky, USA

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 7 - 12

Astratto

Abstract

Observations were made on the intestinal threadworm (Strongyloides westeri) and ascarid (Parascaris equorum) in field studies in 373 Thoroughbred foals on nine farms in Central Kentucky (USA) in 2013. Qualitative examination was made of feces of the foals for presence of S. westeri and P. equorum eggs. The main purpose of the prevalence study was to obtain current data on S. westeri in Thoroughbred foals. This was done to compare these findings with earlier studies in this geographical area where the prevalence of this parasite has been very low the last several decades. All the foals except on one farm had been treated one or more times with a parasiticide before the study. Prevalence of S. westeri in foals was 0 to 3 % on two farms, 6 to 9 % on three farms, and 20 to 51 % on four farms. The prevalence of P. equorum in foals was 0 to 14 % on three farms, 27 to 38 % on three farms, and 46 to 51 % on three farms. Effect of drugs given before the current study, on the prevalence of the two parasitic nematode species, is discussed. Also, three field tests were done by the present authors to evaluate activity of three individual or combination of drugs against ascarids. Evaluation was somewhat limited because, on two of the farms, a relatively small number of foals was passing ascarid eggs before treatment. However, oxibendazole and oxibendazole/piperazine combination were much more efficacious than fenbendazole.

Parole chiave

  • field studies
  • Strongyloides westeri
  • Parascaris equorum
  • prevalence
  • parasiticides
  • Thoroughbred foals
  • Kentucky
  • 2013
access type Accesso libero

A new locality and host record for Enterogyrus coronatus (Pariselle Lambert & Euzet (1991) in South Africa and a review of the morphology and distribution of Enterogyrus (Ancyrocephalidae) species

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 13 - 22

Astratto

Abstract

Examination of 40 specimens of Pseudocrenilabrus philander philander (Weber, 1897) collected from Padda Dam (26°10′S; 17°59′E), South Africa revealed the presence of a stomach monogenean of the genus Enterogyrus (Paperna, 1963). The monogenean presented a prevalence of 52.5 % and mean intensity of 4.2. The body, surrounded by a thick cuticle which is striated transversally, is dorso-ventrally flattened. The haptor has two pairs of gripi, a lightly sclerotised ventral transverse bar and marginal uncinuli. The dorsal gripus has a bifurcate root and a curved blade which is shorter than the shaft and is larger than that of the ventral gripus. The genetic distance between E. coronatus and the present Enterogyrus species (0.24 %) confirms the morphological similarities. This study presents a new locality and host record of the genus Enterogyrus from South Africa and a review of the morphology and distribution of Enterogyrus species is also given.

Parole chiave

  • Monogenea
  • Dactylogyridae
  • Enterogyrus
  • Pseudocrenilabrus philander philander
  • South Africa
access type Accesso libero

Monogenoidea on exotic Indian freshwater fishes. 2. Range expansion of Thaparocleidus caecus and T. siamensis (Dactylogyridae) by introduction of striped catfish Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (Pangasiidae)

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 23 - 30

Astratto

Abstract

Thaparocleidus caecus and Thaparocleidus siamensis are parasitic monogeneans found on the gills of striped catfish Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (Pangasiidae), a native species of Southeast Asia. We report T. caecus and T. siamensis, for the first time in India, from the gills of aquarium-kept P. hypophthalmus (prevalence 40 % and 80 % respectively). We also report T. siamensis from the gills of pond-cultured P. hypophthalmus (prevalence 100 %); no specimen of T. caecus was observed on pondcultured P. hypophthalmus (prevalence 0 %). Morphometric data of the studied parasites did not differ significantly from previous descriptions of the two species recovered in other geographic locations. Similarly, no consequential variation was found when 28S rDNA of T. siamensis from the present study was compared with that of T. siamensis from Malaysia available on GenBank. The present investigation adds to growing cases of freshwater monogeneans that have been concomitantly introduced worldwide as a result of aquarium and aquaculture trade.

Parole chiave

  • Range expansion
  • Monogenoidea
  • Thaparocleidus siamensis
  • Thaparocleidus caecus
  • Pangasianodon hypophthalmus
  • India
access type Accesso libero

Endoparasites of exotic snakes (Ophidia)

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 31 - 36

Astratto

Abstract

Exotic reptiles, among them snakes, are a novelty in the world of pets. A total of 28 snakes housed in the City Zoological Garden in Wrocław and 23 snakes from zoological wholesale were examined for the presence of endoparasites. Both parasitological sections of dead reptiles and coprological examination were done. Endoparasites were detected in a total of 13.7 % of snakes, including 21.7 % of those coming from the zoological wholesale and 7.1 % of the zoo-kept snakes. Two groups of protozoa were detected: Choleoeimeria sp. and Ciliata, as well as nematodes: Kalicephalus sp., Dioctowittidae and a pinworm (Oxyurida). The zoo snakes were also found to carry pseudoparasites.

Parole chiave

  • exotic snakes
  • helminths
  • Nematoda
  • Protozoa
  • pseudoparasites
  • zoological garden
  • zoological wholesale
access type Accesso libero

Helminths of the Eastern Tree Frog, Hyla orientalis, Bedriaga, 1890 (Anura: Hylidae), collected from Denizli Province, Inner-West Anatolia Region, Turkey

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 37 - 45

Astratto

Abstract

In this investigation, Hyla orientalis (eastern tree frog) was collected in different localities from Denizli province (Inner-west Anatolia Region — the eastern part of Aegean Region) Turkey, between 2008 and 2011 and examined for the first time for helminths. Also, this study contains first detailed SEM imaging attempt of the some amphibian helminths from Turkey. Of 17 Hyla orientalis 8 (47.05 %) were infected with one or more helminths. Hyla orientalis harbored one species of Monogenea 1 (Polystoma skrjabini), one species of Digenea (Pleurogenoides medians), three species of nematoda (Oswaldocruzia filiformis, Cosmocerca ornata and Abbreviata sp.), and one species of Acanthocephala (Acanthocephalus ranae). All helminths recorded first time for Hyla orientalis.

Parole chiave

  • Acantocephala
  • Denizli
  • Digenea
  • Helminth
  • Hyla orientalis
  • Hylidae
  • Monogenea
  • Nematoda
  • SEM
  • Turkey
access type Accesso libero

Effects of the root-knot nematodes Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica on olive plants growth in glasshouse conditions

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 46 - 52

Astratto

Abstract

The influence of ten initial population levels (0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, 1.6, 3.2, 6.4, 12.8 and 25.6 second stage juveniles/cm3 soil) of Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica on olive cultivar Zard growth was studied in two pot trials. Ten month old self-rooted olive cuttings were individually transplanted into 2 000 cm3 pot and inoculated with the defined initial populations, of both nematode species. Plants were grown in glasshouse for 13 months, then they were uprooted and plant growth (percent growth increase of main shoot length, number of nodes on main shoot, top and root fresh and dry weights and root length) and nematode parameters (root gall index, J2/g root, final nematode population density and reproduction rate Pf/Pi) were recorded. Results showed that cv. Zard was more susceptible to M. javanica than to M. incognita. A significant reduction of main shoot length growth 37.6 % and 10.7 % was observed at 0.1 and 12.8 juveniles/cm3 soil of M. javanica and M. incognita, respectively, in comparison to uninfested plants. Root systems of olive plants grown in M. incognita or M. javanica infested soils were galled within the gall index range 1.4–6. No significant differences were observed in the number of nodes on main shoot, top and root fresh weights and root dry weight at high levels of M. incognita Pi. A tolerance limit (T) of 0.4 juveniles/cm3 soil was estimated for olive plants cv. Zard to M. javania. The use of resistant olive rootstock or selected cultivars is recommended to minimize or to limit damage of nematode infections in nurseries and to prevent secondary attacks of soil borne plant pathogens especially Verticillium dahliae.

Parole chiave

  • Olea europaea
  • pathogenicity
  • phytoparasitic nematodes
  • resistance
  • susceptibility
access type Accesso libero

Response of nematode communities to reclamation of agricultural soils following degradation through brown coal strip-mining processes

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 53 - 62

Astratto

Abstract

The study assessed the impact on the soil nematodes during the first 3-years after reclamation of a brown coal mining area. Samples were taken from 5 fields: 1 year before excavation, right at the beginning of reclamation (Yr 0), and in fields 1, 2 and 3 years after reclamation. A total of 31 families of nematodes were recorded and the nematode community of field Yr 0 was significantly different from that of other four sampling sites. Nematode abundance decreased after excavation and then began to return to initial community levels at each of the three reclamation sites with bacterivore nematodes recovering faster than the fungivores, omnivore-predators or the plant parasites. A gradual but consistent regeneration of the nematode community to its original structure was seen from the beginning of sampling and this recovery process was detectable over the three successive years of experimentation. Open-pit mining, therefore, drastically disturbed nematode community structure initially but the community was able to recover and stabilized quickly after reclamation.

Parole chiave

  • nematode community composition
  • maturity index
  • nematode fauna
  • succession
  • ecological regeneration
access type Accesso libero

Diagnostics of Echinococcus granulosus particles in hepatic cysts punctate of seropositive patients

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 63 - 66

Astratto

Abstract

Diagnosis of liver hydatid cyst disease was established by ultrasound and CT examination in 76 patients and confirmed with positive IF and ELISA tests. We found them elective for percutaneous punction after albendazole treatment. Obtained specimens were examined for presence of echinococcal particles and 48 were positive (63.16 %) and it reflects the specifity of applied serological tests. Development of more specific serological tests combined with existent radiological methods will contribute to more accurate diagnostic approach but analysis of cyst specimens will remain the cornerstone of exact diagnosis.

Parole chiave

  • hydatid disease
  • immunodiagnostic tests
  • albendazole
  • PAIR method
  • motility of protoscolices
access type Accesso libero

An abattoir-based study on helminthes of slaughtered goats (Capra hircus L., 1758) in upper Egypt, Egypt

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 67 - 72

Astratto

Abstract

The present study describes the occurrence of various gastrointestinal helminths and liver flukes in goats from post mortem examinations performed between 2010 and 2011. Forty five adult goats were euthanized necropsy examination and for identification of adult gastrointestinal helminths and liver flukes. Eleven animals (24.44 %) were found to be infected with one or more species of gastrointestinal helminth. Haemonchus contortus emerged as the most prevalent species (15.5 %), with Moniezia expansa and Fasciola gigantica also being common (11.11 % and 4.4 %, respectively). Additionally, Haemonchus longistipes, Cysticercus tenuicollis, and Paramphistomum microbothrium were present at low infection rates (2.2 %). Mixed infections were similarly most prevalent. Haemonchus longistipes; the most pathogenic Strongyle nematode of camels was reported for the first time infecting goats in Egypt. The present study indicates that abattoir surveys would reveal the prevalence of various species of problematic helminths, and thus appropriate measures can be adopted to control the respective worms.

Parole chiave

  • Endoparasite
  • goats
  • Haemonchus longistipes
  • prevalence
access type Accesso libero

Helminth burden in stray cats from Thessaloniki, Greece

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 73 - 76

Astratto

Abstract

To get an overview on the prevalence of intestinal helminths, between 2010 and 2012, fecal samples from 215 stray cats from area of Thessaloniki, Greece, were tested by coprological methods. From the total number of fecal samples examined, 55.8 % were infected with at least one intestinal parasite and 16.3 % had co-infection. Five different parasite species were found. The most prevalent helminth was Dipylidium caninum (39.53 %), followed by Toxocara cati (18.14 %), Ancylostoma spp. (11.63 %), Taenia taeniaeformis (8.37 %) and Toxascaris leonina (0.93 %). The results showed that A. tubaeforme and T. taeniaeformis were more prevalent in males, while D. caninum, T. cati and T. leonina in female cats, without statistical significance. The prevalence of Ancylostoma spp. and T. cati were significantly higher in young cats (< 1 year old) than in adults (> 1 year old). The most common association was between D. caninum and T. cati.

Parole chiave

  • intestinal helminths
  • stray cats
  • Greece
access type Accesso libero

Professor Ján Hovorka Birthday Centenary

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 77 - 78

Astratto

12 Articoli
access type Accesso libero

Molecular and morphological exploration of a mixed population of two potato-parasiting nematode species, Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 3 - 6

Astratto

Abstract

In this work, we report results of molecular and morphological analyses of a potato field population of Globodera (Nematoda: Heteroderidae) species, in Slovakia. Unexpectedly, our data show a mixed occurrence of two potato cyst nematode species, Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida, in this locality. To our knowledge, this is the first report of mixed occurrence of these economically important plant-parasitic species in the same locality in the Central Europe. In addition, this finding reinforces the possibility of the cross-hybridization between these two nematode species that might result in a generation of new genotypes.

Parole chiave

  • Potato cyst nematode
  • Globodera rostochiensis
  • Globodera pallida
  • molecular diagnostics
  • morphology
  • population genetics
  • Slovakia
access type Accesso libero

Strongyloides westeri and Parascaris equorum: Observations in field studies in Thoroughbred foals on some farms in Central Kentucky, USA

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 7 - 12

Astratto

Abstract

Observations were made on the intestinal threadworm (Strongyloides westeri) and ascarid (Parascaris equorum) in field studies in 373 Thoroughbred foals on nine farms in Central Kentucky (USA) in 2013. Qualitative examination was made of feces of the foals for presence of S. westeri and P. equorum eggs. The main purpose of the prevalence study was to obtain current data on S. westeri in Thoroughbred foals. This was done to compare these findings with earlier studies in this geographical area where the prevalence of this parasite has been very low the last several decades. All the foals except on one farm had been treated one or more times with a parasiticide before the study. Prevalence of S. westeri in foals was 0 to 3 % on two farms, 6 to 9 % on three farms, and 20 to 51 % on four farms. The prevalence of P. equorum in foals was 0 to 14 % on three farms, 27 to 38 % on three farms, and 46 to 51 % on three farms. Effect of drugs given before the current study, on the prevalence of the two parasitic nematode species, is discussed. Also, three field tests were done by the present authors to evaluate activity of three individual or combination of drugs against ascarids. Evaluation was somewhat limited because, on two of the farms, a relatively small number of foals was passing ascarid eggs before treatment. However, oxibendazole and oxibendazole/piperazine combination were much more efficacious than fenbendazole.

Parole chiave

  • field studies
  • Strongyloides westeri
  • Parascaris equorum
  • prevalence
  • parasiticides
  • Thoroughbred foals
  • Kentucky
  • 2013
access type Accesso libero

A new locality and host record for Enterogyrus coronatus (Pariselle Lambert & Euzet (1991) in South Africa and a review of the morphology and distribution of Enterogyrus (Ancyrocephalidae) species

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 13 - 22

Astratto

Abstract

Examination of 40 specimens of Pseudocrenilabrus philander philander (Weber, 1897) collected from Padda Dam (26°10′S; 17°59′E), South Africa revealed the presence of a stomach monogenean of the genus Enterogyrus (Paperna, 1963). The monogenean presented a prevalence of 52.5 % and mean intensity of 4.2. The body, surrounded by a thick cuticle which is striated transversally, is dorso-ventrally flattened. The haptor has two pairs of gripi, a lightly sclerotised ventral transverse bar and marginal uncinuli. The dorsal gripus has a bifurcate root and a curved blade which is shorter than the shaft and is larger than that of the ventral gripus. The genetic distance between E. coronatus and the present Enterogyrus species (0.24 %) confirms the morphological similarities. This study presents a new locality and host record of the genus Enterogyrus from South Africa and a review of the morphology and distribution of Enterogyrus species is also given.

Parole chiave

  • Monogenea
  • Dactylogyridae
  • Enterogyrus
  • Pseudocrenilabrus philander philander
  • South Africa
access type Accesso libero

Monogenoidea on exotic Indian freshwater fishes. 2. Range expansion of Thaparocleidus caecus and T. siamensis (Dactylogyridae) by introduction of striped catfish Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (Pangasiidae)

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 23 - 30

Astratto

Abstract

Thaparocleidus caecus and Thaparocleidus siamensis are parasitic monogeneans found on the gills of striped catfish Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (Pangasiidae), a native species of Southeast Asia. We report T. caecus and T. siamensis, for the first time in India, from the gills of aquarium-kept P. hypophthalmus (prevalence 40 % and 80 % respectively). We also report T. siamensis from the gills of pond-cultured P. hypophthalmus (prevalence 100 %); no specimen of T. caecus was observed on pondcultured P. hypophthalmus (prevalence 0 %). Morphometric data of the studied parasites did not differ significantly from previous descriptions of the two species recovered in other geographic locations. Similarly, no consequential variation was found when 28S rDNA of T. siamensis from the present study was compared with that of T. siamensis from Malaysia available on GenBank. The present investigation adds to growing cases of freshwater monogeneans that have been concomitantly introduced worldwide as a result of aquarium and aquaculture trade.

Parole chiave

  • Range expansion
  • Monogenoidea
  • Thaparocleidus siamensis
  • Thaparocleidus caecus
  • Pangasianodon hypophthalmus
  • India
access type Accesso libero

Endoparasites of exotic snakes (Ophidia)

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 31 - 36

Astratto

Abstract

Exotic reptiles, among them snakes, are a novelty in the world of pets. A total of 28 snakes housed in the City Zoological Garden in Wrocław and 23 snakes from zoological wholesale were examined for the presence of endoparasites. Both parasitological sections of dead reptiles and coprological examination were done. Endoparasites were detected in a total of 13.7 % of snakes, including 21.7 % of those coming from the zoological wholesale and 7.1 % of the zoo-kept snakes. Two groups of protozoa were detected: Choleoeimeria sp. and Ciliata, as well as nematodes: Kalicephalus sp., Dioctowittidae and a pinworm (Oxyurida). The zoo snakes were also found to carry pseudoparasites.

Parole chiave

  • exotic snakes
  • helminths
  • Nematoda
  • Protozoa
  • pseudoparasites
  • zoological garden
  • zoological wholesale
access type Accesso libero

Helminths of the Eastern Tree Frog, Hyla orientalis, Bedriaga, 1890 (Anura: Hylidae), collected from Denizli Province, Inner-West Anatolia Region, Turkey

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 37 - 45

Astratto

Abstract

In this investigation, Hyla orientalis (eastern tree frog) was collected in different localities from Denizli province (Inner-west Anatolia Region — the eastern part of Aegean Region) Turkey, between 2008 and 2011 and examined for the first time for helminths. Also, this study contains first detailed SEM imaging attempt of the some amphibian helminths from Turkey. Of 17 Hyla orientalis 8 (47.05 %) were infected with one or more helminths. Hyla orientalis harbored one species of Monogenea 1 (Polystoma skrjabini), one species of Digenea (Pleurogenoides medians), three species of nematoda (Oswaldocruzia filiformis, Cosmocerca ornata and Abbreviata sp.), and one species of Acanthocephala (Acanthocephalus ranae). All helminths recorded first time for Hyla orientalis.

Parole chiave

  • Acantocephala
  • Denizli
  • Digenea
  • Helminth
  • Hyla orientalis
  • Hylidae
  • Monogenea
  • Nematoda
  • SEM
  • Turkey
access type Accesso libero

Effects of the root-knot nematodes Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica on olive plants growth in glasshouse conditions

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 46 - 52

Astratto

Abstract

The influence of ten initial population levels (0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, 1.6, 3.2, 6.4, 12.8 and 25.6 second stage juveniles/cm3 soil) of Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica on olive cultivar Zard growth was studied in two pot trials. Ten month old self-rooted olive cuttings were individually transplanted into 2 000 cm3 pot and inoculated with the defined initial populations, of both nematode species. Plants were grown in glasshouse for 13 months, then they were uprooted and plant growth (percent growth increase of main shoot length, number of nodes on main shoot, top and root fresh and dry weights and root length) and nematode parameters (root gall index, J2/g root, final nematode population density and reproduction rate Pf/Pi) were recorded. Results showed that cv. Zard was more susceptible to M. javanica than to M. incognita. A significant reduction of main shoot length growth 37.6 % and 10.7 % was observed at 0.1 and 12.8 juveniles/cm3 soil of M. javanica and M. incognita, respectively, in comparison to uninfested plants. Root systems of olive plants grown in M. incognita or M. javanica infested soils were galled within the gall index range 1.4–6. No significant differences were observed in the number of nodes on main shoot, top and root fresh weights and root dry weight at high levels of M. incognita Pi. A tolerance limit (T) of 0.4 juveniles/cm3 soil was estimated for olive plants cv. Zard to M. javania. The use of resistant olive rootstock or selected cultivars is recommended to minimize or to limit damage of nematode infections in nurseries and to prevent secondary attacks of soil borne plant pathogens especially Verticillium dahliae.

Parole chiave

  • Olea europaea
  • pathogenicity
  • phytoparasitic nematodes
  • resistance
  • susceptibility
access type Accesso libero

Response of nematode communities to reclamation of agricultural soils following degradation through brown coal strip-mining processes

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 53 - 62

Astratto

Abstract

The study assessed the impact on the soil nematodes during the first 3-years after reclamation of a brown coal mining area. Samples were taken from 5 fields: 1 year before excavation, right at the beginning of reclamation (Yr 0), and in fields 1, 2 and 3 years after reclamation. A total of 31 families of nematodes were recorded and the nematode community of field Yr 0 was significantly different from that of other four sampling sites. Nematode abundance decreased after excavation and then began to return to initial community levels at each of the three reclamation sites with bacterivore nematodes recovering faster than the fungivores, omnivore-predators or the plant parasites. A gradual but consistent regeneration of the nematode community to its original structure was seen from the beginning of sampling and this recovery process was detectable over the three successive years of experimentation. Open-pit mining, therefore, drastically disturbed nematode community structure initially but the community was able to recover and stabilized quickly after reclamation.

Parole chiave

  • nematode community composition
  • maturity index
  • nematode fauna
  • succession
  • ecological regeneration
access type Accesso libero

Diagnostics of Echinococcus granulosus particles in hepatic cysts punctate of seropositive patients

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 63 - 66

Astratto

Abstract

Diagnosis of liver hydatid cyst disease was established by ultrasound and CT examination in 76 patients and confirmed with positive IF and ELISA tests. We found them elective for percutaneous punction after albendazole treatment. Obtained specimens were examined for presence of echinococcal particles and 48 were positive (63.16 %) and it reflects the specifity of applied serological tests. Development of more specific serological tests combined with existent radiological methods will contribute to more accurate diagnostic approach but analysis of cyst specimens will remain the cornerstone of exact diagnosis.

Parole chiave

  • hydatid disease
  • immunodiagnostic tests
  • albendazole
  • PAIR method
  • motility of protoscolices
access type Accesso libero

An abattoir-based study on helminthes of slaughtered goats (Capra hircus L., 1758) in upper Egypt, Egypt

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 67 - 72

Astratto

Abstract

The present study describes the occurrence of various gastrointestinal helminths and liver flukes in goats from post mortem examinations performed between 2010 and 2011. Forty five adult goats were euthanized necropsy examination and for identification of adult gastrointestinal helminths and liver flukes. Eleven animals (24.44 %) were found to be infected with one or more species of gastrointestinal helminth. Haemonchus contortus emerged as the most prevalent species (15.5 %), with Moniezia expansa and Fasciola gigantica also being common (11.11 % and 4.4 %, respectively). Additionally, Haemonchus longistipes, Cysticercus tenuicollis, and Paramphistomum microbothrium were present at low infection rates (2.2 %). Mixed infections were similarly most prevalent. Haemonchus longistipes; the most pathogenic Strongyle nematode of camels was reported for the first time infecting goats in Egypt. The present study indicates that abattoir surveys would reveal the prevalence of various species of problematic helminths, and thus appropriate measures can be adopted to control the respective worms.

Parole chiave

  • Endoparasite
  • goats
  • Haemonchus longistipes
  • prevalence
access type Accesso libero

Helminth burden in stray cats from Thessaloniki, Greece

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 73 - 76

Astratto

Abstract

To get an overview on the prevalence of intestinal helminths, between 2010 and 2012, fecal samples from 215 stray cats from area of Thessaloniki, Greece, were tested by coprological methods. From the total number of fecal samples examined, 55.8 % were infected with at least one intestinal parasite and 16.3 % had co-infection. Five different parasite species were found. The most prevalent helminth was Dipylidium caninum (39.53 %), followed by Toxocara cati (18.14 %), Ancylostoma spp. (11.63 %), Taenia taeniaeformis (8.37 %) and Toxascaris leonina (0.93 %). The results showed that A. tubaeforme and T. taeniaeformis were more prevalent in males, while D. caninum, T. cati and T. leonina in female cats, without statistical significance. The prevalence of Ancylostoma spp. and T. cati were significantly higher in young cats (< 1 year old) than in adults (> 1 year old). The most common association was between D. caninum and T. cati.

Parole chiave

  • intestinal helminths
  • stray cats
  • Greece
access type Accesso libero

Professor Ján Hovorka Birthday Centenary

Pubblicato online: 04 Apr 2014
Pagine: 77 - 78

Astratto

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