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Special Edizione: This issue is dedicated to the memory of Milan Ryboš, DVM, D.Sc.

Volume 54 (2017): Edizione 3 (September 2017)

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Volume 48 (2011): Edizione 4 (December 2011)

Volume 48 (2011): Edizione 3 (September 2011)

Volume 48 (2011): Edizione 2 (June 2011)

Volume 48 (2011): Edizione 1 (March 2011)

Volume 47 (2010): Edizione 4 (December 2010)

Volume 47 (2010): Edizione 3 (September 2010)

Volume 47 (2010): Edizione 2 (June 2010)

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Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1336-9083
ISSN
0440-6605
Pubblicato per la prima volta
22 Apr 2006
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 48 (2011): Edizione 3 (September 2011)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1336-9083
ISSN
0440-6605
Pubblicato per la prima volta
22 Apr 2006
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

10 Articoli
Accesso libero

Anthelmintic resistance in parasites of small ruminants: sheep versus goats

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 137 - 144

Astratto

Abstract

Anthelmintic resistance among parasites of sheep and goats has been known to occur for at least four decades. Both species of host have similar genera of nematodes, but the nematodes in goat herds usually develop anthelmintic resistance more rapidly. In vitro tests show higher ED50 values in goats than in flocks of sheep. Sheep and goats differ in many ways; for example, goats have a higher metabolic rate and require higher dose rates for drugs. The immune system of goats is also different. Additionally, these animals are reared under different management systems, i.e. sheep graze pastures and goats browse bushes, and lambing/kidding periods are different. Most anthelmintics used in goats have not been licensed for this animal species, and correct dose rates have rarely been experimentally determined. Possible explanations for such differences are discussed.

Parole chiave

  • anthelmintic resistance
  • sheep
  • goats
Accesso libero

Revision of chamois infection by lung nematodes under ecological conditions of national parks of Slovakia with respect to ongoing global climate changes

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 145 - 154

Astratto

Abstract

The aim of our study was to analyze helminth status and to evaluate ecological conditions for infections of chamois with lung nematodes in national parks of Slovakia during global warming. The autopsies and larvoscopic examination of faeces collected from localities inhabited by Tatra chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra tatrica) in Tatra National Park (TANAP) and Low Tatras National Park (NAPANT) revealed the presence of following protostrongylids: Muellerius capillaris, Neostrongylus linearis and the specific chamois species Muellerius tenuispiculatus. Same species of lung nematodes were found in introduced chamois of Alpine origin (Rupicapra rupicapra rupicapra) in the Slovak National Park Veľká Fatra (NAPVF) and the Slovak Paradise National Park (NAPSR), and in the latter park also geohelminth Dictyocaulus viviparus was sporadically determined. The mean prevalence of lung nematodes in individual parks varied from 70.9 to 97.2 %. The mean number of L1 larvae per 1 g of faeces in Tatra chamois from TANAP in Belianske Tatras and in Alpine subspecies from NAPSR corresponded to a high level of infection (120.3 and 110.1, respectively). In other studied biotopes the mean number of L1 larvae (19.4–42.5) revealed the moderate infection. Although no significant differences concerning levels of infection within the monitored years were observed, the level of infection during the summer was significantly lower than that during spring and autumn periods. The variety of snail species as the intermediate hosts of lung nematodes provide suitable conditions for the development of lung nematodes in the all studied Slovak National Parks. Global climatic changes have also likely contributed to an increase of infectivity rate.

Parole chiave

  • Muellerius tenuispiculatus
  • Muellerius capillaris
  • Neostrongylus linearis
  • chamois
  • National Parks
  • Slovakia
Accesso libero

Fox tapeworm (Echinococcus multilocularis) in Slovakia — summarizing the long-term monitoring

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 155 - 161

Astratto

Abstract

Detailed epidemiological survey on distribution of fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis was carried out in the territory of Slovakia between 2000 and 2010. A total of 4 761 red foxes from all districts of Slovakia were investigated using modified sedimentation and counting method. E. multilocularis was found in small intestines of 1 441 animals that represent an overall prevalence of 30.3 %. The number of tapeworms found in individual foxes varied between 1 and 245 000 specimens with mean worm burden of 1 777. The results of decennial epizootological research confirmed the existence of highly endemic localities with E. multilocularis occurrence in northern regions of Slovakia. Till today, 16 human cases of alveolar echinococcosis were registered whereas 14 of them were diagnosed in patients living in endemic localities.

Parole chiave

  • Echinococcus multilocularis
  • alveolar echinococcosis
  • fox
  • Slovakia
  • epidemiology
Accesso libero

Lagochilascaris minor: Specific antibodies are related with resistance to experimental infection in A/J strain of mice

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 162 - 166

Astratto

Abstract

Lagochilascaris minor is the causative agent of human lagochilascariosis, a disease that affects the neck region causing abscesses with eggs, adult parasites and L3/L4 larvae within purulent exudates. Nowadays, mice are considered intermediary hosts for the parasite. In previous study we observed that A/J mice experimentally infected with Lagochilascaris minor showed higher survival ratios than B10.A mice. Now, we denoted that A/J mice (resistant to experimental infection) produced higher levels of IgM, IgG and IgA against the crude extract (excepted for IgM) and secreted/excreted antigens of the parasite; on the other hand, B10.A mice (susceptible to experimental infection) produced higher levels of IgE in the later period of the experimental infection than A/J infected mice.

Parole chiave

  • B cells
  • Lagochilascaris minor
  • helminth
  • Immunoglobulin
  • serology
Accesso libero

Endoparasite community of Rattus norvegicus captured in a shantytown of Buenos Aires City, Argentina

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 167 - 173

Astratto

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the brown rat (Rattus norvegicus) as a potential reservoir of zoonotic parasites in an urban area of Argentina. A parasitological survey in 40 brown rats trapped in a shantytown of Buenos Aires City was carried out. 97.5 % of the analyzed rats were parasitized with at least one of the 12 species of helminth or protozoan species recorded. Among the species identified, Hymenolepis nana is recognized as one of the most common human helminthes parasites. The average number of parasite species was higher in males than females rats, and in the last case, a direct relationship between parasite species richness and host’s body size was recorded. Variations in endoparasite community throughout the year seasons were recorded, probably related to environmental factors, which limits the performance of the life cycle of different parasite species. The presence of zoonotic endoparasites confirms R. norvegicus as a reservoir for different types of pathologies, which, therefore, represents a risk to the public health in an overcrowded urban area.

Parole chiave

  • Rattus norvegicus
  • endoparasites
  • zoonosis
  • shantytown
  • Buenos Aires
Accesso libero

Ultrastructure of the cirrus sac of the male strobila of Shipleya inermis (Fuhrmann, 1908) (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea)

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 174 - 183

Astratto

Abstract

This study was designed to provide information on the ultrastructural traits of the cirrus sac of the male strobila of the dioecious cyclophyllidean tapeworm, Shipleya inermis Fuhrmann, 1908 from the small intestine of long-billed dowitchers, Limnodromus scolopaceus, in Chukotka, Russia. The cirrus sac is characterised by a thick muscular wall (comprising about 20 layers of longitudinal muscles) with the muscle cells being located outside the wall along the peripheral muscle layer and the presence of a thick, fibrillar septum inside the sac along the inner muscle layer of the wall. The epithelium of the intrabursal ducts is syncytial and has sunken perikarya. The ejaculatory duct is characterised by surface luminal microvilli and a large number of the sunken perikarya producing electron-dense secretory granules, which discharge into the duct lumen as an apocrine secretion. The cirrus is armed with two types of sclerotized structures formed by its epithelium, hooks of about 25 μm in length and microthrix-like structures on its luminal surface. The hooks are sigmoid in shape, have a blade circular in transverse section and about 3.5 μm in width, and taper at both extremities. The hook body consists of moderately electron-dense material mixed with a more electron-dense material and an electron-lucent core. The hook roots lie within the cirrus epithelium, where their lateral margins are composed of a thin covering of electrondense material with narrow lateral extensions. The usefulness of the ultrastructural characters of the cirrus sac as indicators of phylogenetic relationships within the Eucestoda is discussed.

Parole chiave

  • ultrastructure
  • cirrus sac
  • male ducts
  • accessory glands
  • Shipleya inermis
  • Cyclophyllidea
Accesso libero

The effect of soil compost treatments on potato cyst nematodes Globodera rostochiensis and Globodera pallida

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 184 - 194

Astratto

Abstract

A pot experiment on potato was carried out to verify the nematicidal effect of four composts of different origin (C1: 70 % horse manure + 15 % sugar beet pomace + 5 % poultry manure + 10% grape pomace; C2: 100 % pig manure decomposed by juveniles of Musca domestica; C3: 100 % vermicompost from medical plants wastes; C4: 100% vermicompost from cattle manure) on the potato cyst nematodes G. rostochiensis (Ro1) and G. pallida (Pa2 and Pa3). Composts at different rates (1.0, 2.5 and 5.0 % w/w) were mixed with the nematode infested soils. Pots with unamended soils were used as control. Pots (4 l) were arranged in a glasshouse according to a randomized block design with four replications per each treatment. A significant reduction in number of cysts, eggs and juveniles/cyst and eggs and juveniles/g soil was observed in each compost in comparison to unamended soil. The suppressive nematode effect increased according to the compost NH4+ content and compost rate.

Parole chiave

  • potato cyst nematode
  • Globodera rostochiensis
  • Globodera pallida
  • compost
  • soil organic amendments
  • pathotypes
Accesso libero

First report of Trichodorus primitivus, T. sparsus and T. viruliferus (Nematoda: Trichodoridae) from the Czech Republic

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 195 - 199

Astratto

Abstract

A survey has been carried out to study the occurrence and distribution of Trichodorus primitivus, T. sparsus and T. viruliferus in the Czech Republic under the rhizosphere of orchards, forests, vineyards and strawberry. Total 208 sites were surveyed and only 29 sites were found positive for these species. All three species are reported in the Czech Republic for the first time.

Parole chiave

  • Trichodorus primitivus
  • Trichodorus sparsus
  • Trichodorus viruliferus
  • Czech Republic
  • nematode
Accesso libero

A new species of Dadayius Fukui, 1929 (Digenea: Cladorchiidae), parasite of Symphysodon aequifasciatus Pellegrin, 1904 (Perciformes: Cichlidae) from the Purus River, Amazon, Brazil

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 200 - 202

Astratto

Abstract

The present paper describes a new species of Dadayius Fukui, 1929 (Trematoda, Digenea), parasite of Symphysodon aequifasciatus Pellegrin, 1904, a freshwater fish. The fish were collected from the Purus River, Amazonas State, Brazil. This new species has a long body and, different from other species of the genus, an arch-shaped ovary and a sinuous oesophagus with an ovoid bulb. This is the first record of Dadayius in cichlid fish; to date Dadayius has only been found parasitizing characid fish.

Parole chiave

  • Amazon Basin
  • endoparasites
  • fish
  • acará-disco
Accesso libero

A new species of nematoda parasite of the cerambicid eucalyptus longhorned borer from Argentina

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 203 - 206

Astratto

Abstract

Artigasia indigena n. sp. is characterized by the cuticle thin, annulated and with spines arranged in regular longitudinal rows from the first ring to the base of medial bulb. The first ring is differentiated with eight spines, the second ring is bigger and without spines, and then a series of small rings with spines come up to the base of medial bulb. Lateral alae absent, stoma short with four thickening cuticle like teeth, excretory pore posterior situated at the beginning of the intestine, V = 67 %, eggs oval with smooth shell, male without spicule, and genital papillae arranged with one pair of preanal papillae and one pair of postanal papillae.

Parole chiave

  • Artigasia indigena n. sp.
  • Nematoda; Hystrignathidae
  • Phorocantha semipunctata
  • Coleoptera
  • Argentina
10 Articoli
Accesso libero

Anthelmintic resistance in parasites of small ruminants: sheep versus goats

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 137 - 144

Astratto

Abstract

Anthelmintic resistance among parasites of sheep and goats has been known to occur for at least four decades. Both species of host have similar genera of nematodes, but the nematodes in goat herds usually develop anthelmintic resistance more rapidly. In vitro tests show higher ED50 values in goats than in flocks of sheep. Sheep and goats differ in many ways; for example, goats have a higher metabolic rate and require higher dose rates for drugs. The immune system of goats is also different. Additionally, these animals are reared under different management systems, i.e. sheep graze pastures and goats browse bushes, and lambing/kidding periods are different. Most anthelmintics used in goats have not been licensed for this animal species, and correct dose rates have rarely been experimentally determined. Possible explanations for such differences are discussed.

Parole chiave

  • anthelmintic resistance
  • sheep
  • goats
Accesso libero

Revision of chamois infection by lung nematodes under ecological conditions of national parks of Slovakia with respect to ongoing global climate changes

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 145 - 154

Astratto

Abstract

The aim of our study was to analyze helminth status and to evaluate ecological conditions for infections of chamois with lung nematodes in national parks of Slovakia during global warming. The autopsies and larvoscopic examination of faeces collected from localities inhabited by Tatra chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra tatrica) in Tatra National Park (TANAP) and Low Tatras National Park (NAPANT) revealed the presence of following protostrongylids: Muellerius capillaris, Neostrongylus linearis and the specific chamois species Muellerius tenuispiculatus. Same species of lung nematodes were found in introduced chamois of Alpine origin (Rupicapra rupicapra rupicapra) in the Slovak National Park Veľká Fatra (NAPVF) and the Slovak Paradise National Park (NAPSR), and in the latter park also geohelminth Dictyocaulus viviparus was sporadically determined. The mean prevalence of lung nematodes in individual parks varied from 70.9 to 97.2 %. The mean number of L1 larvae per 1 g of faeces in Tatra chamois from TANAP in Belianske Tatras and in Alpine subspecies from NAPSR corresponded to a high level of infection (120.3 and 110.1, respectively). In other studied biotopes the mean number of L1 larvae (19.4–42.5) revealed the moderate infection. Although no significant differences concerning levels of infection within the monitored years were observed, the level of infection during the summer was significantly lower than that during spring and autumn periods. The variety of snail species as the intermediate hosts of lung nematodes provide suitable conditions for the development of lung nematodes in the all studied Slovak National Parks. Global climatic changes have also likely contributed to an increase of infectivity rate.

Parole chiave

  • Muellerius tenuispiculatus
  • Muellerius capillaris
  • Neostrongylus linearis
  • chamois
  • National Parks
  • Slovakia
Accesso libero

Fox tapeworm (Echinococcus multilocularis) in Slovakia — summarizing the long-term monitoring

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 155 - 161

Astratto

Abstract

Detailed epidemiological survey on distribution of fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis was carried out in the territory of Slovakia between 2000 and 2010. A total of 4 761 red foxes from all districts of Slovakia were investigated using modified sedimentation and counting method. E. multilocularis was found in small intestines of 1 441 animals that represent an overall prevalence of 30.3 %. The number of tapeworms found in individual foxes varied between 1 and 245 000 specimens with mean worm burden of 1 777. The results of decennial epizootological research confirmed the existence of highly endemic localities with E. multilocularis occurrence in northern regions of Slovakia. Till today, 16 human cases of alveolar echinococcosis were registered whereas 14 of them were diagnosed in patients living in endemic localities.

Parole chiave

  • Echinococcus multilocularis
  • alveolar echinococcosis
  • fox
  • Slovakia
  • epidemiology
Accesso libero

Lagochilascaris minor: Specific antibodies are related with resistance to experimental infection in A/J strain of mice

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 162 - 166

Astratto

Abstract

Lagochilascaris minor is the causative agent of human lagochilascariosis, a disease that affects the neck region causing abscesses with eggs, adult parasites and L3/L4 larvae within purulent exudates. Nowadays, mice are considered intermediary hosts for the parasite. In previous study we observed that A/J mice experimentally infected with Lagochilascaris minor showed higher survival ratios than B10.A mice. Now, we denoted that A/J mice (resistant to experimental infection) produced higher levels of IgM, IgG and IgA against the crude extract (excepted for IgM) and secreted/excreted antigens of the parasite; on the other hand, B10.A mice (susceptible to experimental infection) produced higher levels of IgE in the later period of the experimental infection than A/J infected mice.

Parole chiave

  • B cells
  • Lagochilascaris minor
  • helminth
  • Immunoglobulin
  • serology
Accesso libero

Endoparasite community of Rattus norvegicus captured in a shantytown of Buenos Aires City, Argentina

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 167 - 173

Astratto

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the brown rat (Rattus norvegicus) as a potential reservoir of zoonotic parasites in an urban area of Argentina. A parasitological survey in 40 brown rats trapped in a shantytown of Buenos Aires City was carried out. 97.5 % of the analyzed rats were parasitized with at least one of the 12 species of helminth or protozoan species recorded. Among the species identified, Hymenolepis nana is recognized as one of the most common human helminthes parasites. The average number of parasite species was higher in males than females rats, and in the last case, a direct relationship between parasite species richness and host’s body size was recorded. Variations in endoparasite community throughout the year seasons were recorded, probably related to environmental factors, which limits the performance of the life cycle of different parasite species. The presence of zoonotic endoparasites confirms R. norvegicus as a reservoir for different types of pathologies, which, therefore, represents a risk to the public health in an overcrowded urban area.

Parole chiave

  • Rattus norvegicus
  • endoparasites
  • zoonosis
  • shantytown
  • Buenos Aires
Accesso libero

Ultrastructure of the cirrus sac of the male strobila of Shipleya inermis (Fuhrmann, 1908) (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea)

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 174 - 183

Astratto

Abstract

This study was designed to provide information on the ultrastructural traits of the cirrus sac of the male strobila of the dioecious cyclophyllidean tapeworm, Shipleya inermis Fuhrmann, 1908 from the small intestine of long-billed dowitchers, Limnodromus scolopaceus, in Chukotka, Russia. The cirrus sac is characterised by a thick muscular wall (comprising about 20 layers of longitudinal muscles) with the muscle cells being located outside the wall along the peripheral muscle layer and the presence of a thick, fibrillar septum inside the sac along the inner muscle layer of the wall. The epithelium of the intrabursal ducts is syncytial and has sunken perikarya. The ejaculatory duct is characterised by surface luminal microvilli and a large number of the sunken perikarya producing electron-dense secretory granules, which discharge into the duct lumen as an apocrine secretion. The cirrus is armed with two types of sclerotized structures formed by its epithelium, hooks of about 25 μm in length and microthrix-like structures on its luminal surface. The hooks are sigmoid in shape, have a blade circular in transverse section and about 3.5 μm in width, and taper at both extremities. The hook body consists of moderately electron-dense material mixed with a more electron-dense material and an electron-lucent core. The hook roots lie within the cirrus epithelium, where their lateral margins are composed of a thin covering of electrondense material with narrow lateral extensions. The usefulness of the ultrastructural characters of the cirrus sac as indicators of phylogenetic relationships within the Eucestoda is discussed.

Parole chiave

  • ultrastructure
  • cirrus sac
  • male ducts
  • accessory glands
  • Shipleya inermis
  • Cyclophyllidea
Accesso libero

The effect of soil compost treatments on potato cyst nematodes Globodera rostochiensis and Globodera pallida

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 184 - 194

Astratto

Abstract

A pot experiment on potato was carried out to verify the nematicidal effect of four composts of different origin (C1: 70 % horse manure + 15 % sugar beet pomace + 5 % poultry manure + 10% grape pomace; C2: 100 % pig manure decomposed by juveniles of Musca domestica; C3: 100 % vermicompost from medical plants wastes; C4: 100% vermicompost from cattle manure) on the potato cyst nematodes G. rostochiensis (Ro1) and G. pallida (Pa2 and Pa3). Composts at different rates (1.0, 2.5 and 5.0 % w/w) were mixed with the nematode infested soils. Pots with unamended soils were used as control. Pots (4 l) were arranged in a glasshouse according to a randomized block design with four replications per each treatment. A significant reduction in number of cysts, eggs and juveniles/cyst and eggs and juveniles/g soil was observed in each compost in comparison to unamended soil. The suppressive nematode effect increased according to the compost NH4+ content and compost rate.

Parole chiave

  • potato cyst nematode
  • Globodera rostochiensis
  • Globodera pallida
  • compost
  • soil organic amendments
  • pathotypes
Accesso libero

First report of Trichodorus primitivus, T. sparsus and T. viruliferus (Nematoda: Trichodoridae) from the Czech Republic

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 195 - 199

Astratto

Abstract

A survey has been carried out to study the occurrence and distribution of Trichodorus primitivus, T. sparsus and T. viruliferus in the Czech Republic under the rhizosphere of orchards, forests, vineyards and strawberry. Total 208 sites were surveyed and only 29 sites were found positive for these species. All three species are reported in the Czech Republic for the first time.

Parole chiave

  • Trichodorus primitivus
  • Trichodorus sparsus
  • Trichodorus viruliferus
  • Czech Republic
  • nematode
Accesso libero

A new species of Dadayius Fukui, 1929 (Digenea: Cladorchiidae), parasite of Symphysodon aequifasciatus Pellegrin, 1904 (Perciformes: Cichlidae) from the Purus River, Amazon, Brazil

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 200 - 202

Astratto

Abstract

The present paper describes a new species of Dadayius Fukui, 1929 (Trematoda, Digenea), parasite of Symphysodon aequifasciatus Pellegrin, 1904, a freshwater fish. The fish were collected from the Purus River, Amazonas State, Brazil. This new species has a long body and, different from other species of the genus, an arch-shaped ovary and a sinuous oesophagus with an ovoid bulb. This is the first record of Dadayius in cichlid fish; to date Dadayius has only been found parasitizing characid fish.

Parole chiave

  • Amazon Basin
  • endoparasites
  • fish
  • acará-disco
Accesso libero

A new species of nematoda parasite of the cerambicid eucalyptus longhorned borer from Argentina

Pubblicato online: 08 Sep 2011
Pagine: 203 - 206

Astratto

Abstract

Artigasia indigena n. sp. is characterized by the cuticle thin, annulated and with spines arranged in regular longitudinal rows from the first ring to the base of medial bulb. The first ring is differentiated with eight spines, the second ring is bigger and without spines, and then a series of small rings with spines come up to the base of medial bulb. Lateral alae absent, stoma short with four thickening cuticle like teeth, excretory pore posterior situated at the beginning of the intestine, V = 67 %, eggs oval with smooth shell, male without spicule, and genital papillae arranged with one pair of preanal papillae and one pair of postanal papillae.

Parole chiave

  • Artigasia indigena n. sp.
  • Nematoda; Hystrignathidae
  • Phorocantha semipunctata
  • Coleoptera
  • Argentina

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