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Volume 21 (2015): Issue 1 (June 2015)

Conference Details
Format
Conference
eISSN
2451-3113
First Published
15 Dec 2015
Publication timeframe
3 times per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 21 (2015): Issue 1 (June 2015)

Conference Details
Format
Conference
eISSN
2451-3113
First Published
15 Dec 2015
Publication timeframe
3 times per year
Languages
English

Search

48 Articles
access type Open Access

The Counter-Terrorist System Of Romania

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 1 - 10

Abstract

Abstract

This article presents the counter-terrorist system adopted in Romania. The problem of terrorism is one of the challenges within security issues which the European Union is facing. Only lasting, strong cooperation may lead to combating international terrorism, and one of the countries which attempt to do that is Romania. For such actions to be successful, suitable legal solutions have been implemented and adequate structures and units established with the purpose of fighting terrorism. An enormous role belongs moreover to international cooperation and maintaining good relations between various states within terrorism prevention. The Author focuses in particular on the forms and methods of combating terrorism on various planes.

Keywords

  • European Union
  • Romania
  • security
  • terrorism
access type Open Access

State, Soldier, Professionality

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 11 - 20

Abstract

Abstract

Defense is one of the oldest state responsibilities. Without the defense, protection or physical security the state, the power is unable to act on its own free will. The state is not able to fulfil its other functions (collection, distribution, regulation and sanctions) according to the interests of the society.

Clausewitz stated that the use of military power is the continuation of politics. In other words, politics aims to reach these aims by the implementation of military forces or war. Of course, to achieve the aims of the politics there are lots of instruments (diplomacy, politics, economics, information, ...) which have to be coordinated with the use of forces. This way of thinking is named as the comprehensive approach.

But politics has other important roles in order to achieve the aims. In the application of military force aims should be set to provide the necessary resources (human and material) and the appropriate legal environment. Professional military professionalism achieves its full potential in the case of three elements – aims, resources and legal environment - are harmonized for long-term. In the process of political decision-making professional military experts help to reach efficient choice. After the political decision is made the military does its best to act in order to achieve the aims.

In the western world the national armed forces have significantly reduced their strengths and abandoned the conscription-based military system. NATO and the EU in recent decades have carried out a number of operations. These operations were based on defending the member states’ individual or collective’ interests and values by strengthening peace and security. This new operational environment expects numbers of new skills and competencies from the 21th century’s soldiers.

Keywords

  • Hungariam Defence Forces
  • state defence
  • state building
  • skills of commanders
access type Open Access

European Security And The Terrorist Threat: Evolutions And Current Ways Of Managing It

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 21 - 27

Abstract

Abstract

The European Security Strategy “A Secure Europe in a Better World” emphasizes on the fact that security is a precondition of development and nominates terrorism as the first key threat in the list of five major threats addressed to European security. In the “EU Internal Security Strategy in Action” the terrorism is seen as second threat (after serious and organized crime) and is pointed out as a phenomenon which requires concerted European action, due to a still existent vulnerability of our societies to terrorist attacks, “Europe being both a target and a base for such terrorism”.

The paper presents the evolution of the European security environment between 1990 and 2015, emphasizing the increase of the terrorist threat and the steps and actions taken in preventing and fighting against it, as well as possible solutions for managing the terrorist phenomenon. In the final part of the paper, the findings of a case study achieved through sociological questionnaire are rendered. The study envisaged to catch the counter-terrorism perspective at the level of ordinary citizens and of decision-makers and stakeholders as well.

Keywords

  • terrorism
  • threat
  • security environment
  • strategy
access type Open Access

The Challenge Of Asylum To The European Union’s Policy In A Knowledge Based Society

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 28 - 31

Abstract

Abstract

Migration is not a new phenomenon. People have been forced or tempted to leave their homes since ancient times, due to the economic (lack of resources, type of property, level of national economy development, better careers, famine), social (family reunification, social justice, poverty), political (oppression, war, ideology) or environmental (flooding, drought) problems. If for some, migrating is a quest of improving an already good living, for many others, it is a quest of survival. On this second aspect the paper intends to focus on, especially by relating the issue with the pressure created not only upon some European countries, but also upon the European Union as a political international actor.

It seems that migration reveals a whole spectrum of vulnerabilities concerning the European Union internal security, including lack of sane regulation, which if not tackled properly can easily create disorder and endanger regional security. One thing is for sure – tackling migration and asylum problems should be structured on solidarity and responsibility, both at national and European levels.

Keywords

  • European Union
  • migration
  • asylum
  • policy
access type Open Access

Culture As Soft Power In International Relations

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 32 - 37

Abstract

Abstract

A global approach has almost generalized over the last decades, suggesting that human security and, related to it – society security- are among the most important themes of contemporary international relations.

The management of the Yugoslavian crisis, the terrorist attacks of September the 11th, 2001, as well as the debates over US and its allies’ military interventions in Kosovo, Afghanistan or Iraq, pointed out, on the one hand, that states are not prepared to deal with the cross-border threats of the 21st century alone, and, on the other hand, the fact that military interventions (the “hard” approach to security) do not always represent the optimum solution in managing international security. However, peace-building and security building (the ”soft” approach) are usually more discreet, do not attract attention, do not draw the media interest.

In recent studies, the issue of “soft” power and “hard” power has been increasingly discussed. “Soft” power refers to the power derived mainly from cultural and imagological sources, exercising its influence more through persuasion or by attracting the weak one to a particular model rather than by coercion. ”Hard” power consists especially of military and economic means contributing to enforcing the will of one actor over another actor. These two forms of power do not exclude each other, but, on the contrary, combining “soft” with “hard” means facilitates greater efficiency in achieving the main goal.

Keywords

  • soft power
  • hard power
  • mental power
  • cultural power
  • national power
access type Open Access

Intra-State Violence In D.R. Congo And Features Of The ‘New War’ Scenarios

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 38 - 43

Abstract

Abstract

The chief objective of this paper is to demonstrate that the characteristics of new wars (described by scholars Mary Kaldor and Herfried Műnkler) are identified in the case of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Hence, the main argument is that the wars in D.R. Congo displayed most features of the new wars. Former Zaire/RDC was a weak state, completely unable to retain monopoly on the use of organized violence or to control its entire territory. Many armed groups and local militias had free vein in the east part and at some point they also controlled the north east and south east areas. Moreover, they gained autonomy and resorted to atrocities. The distinction between combatants and civilians was blurred. The locus of belligerence moved from the military sector to the societal one, thus also pinpointing to the need to reconceptualize security. Most attacks were carried out systematically and deliberately against groups of individuals, without discrimination between civilians and members of the militias. Child-soldiering was present and violence against women was prevailing systematically. Looting, raping, and killing was the bulk of the fighting and on several occasions civilians were used as human shields.

Keywords

  • new wars
  • D.R. Congo
  • human displacement
  • human insecurity
access type Open Access

Irregular Warfare And (In)Security In The Horn Of Africa

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 44 - 49

Abstract

Abstract

The paper will focus on the transformation of war (associated with phenomena such as human displacement, famine, violence against civilians, and commercialization of military troops) and on the refugee flows and insecurity within refugee camps which amount to humanitarian tragedies. The second chief aim of this paper is to investigate tenets of the extended analytical framework of security and to emphasize the relevance of constructivist and critical security studies. The pivotal line of arguments will revolve around specificities of violent conflict in the Horn of Africa which trigger the need to revisit mainstream approaches on state security by analyzing intra-state (and internationalized) violence and by including types of post-colonial insecurity, food insecurity and environmental degradation. The main underlying research question is: why is human security a valid framework of analysis in the case of irregular warfare in the Horn of Africa?

Keywords

  • human security
  • Horn of Africa
  • state weakness
  • food insecurity
access type Open Access

Post-Conflict Operations – A Cooperative Effort

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 50 - 55

Abstract

Abstract

Post-conflict operations may be conducted prior to the complete end of a conflict. The past experience shows that it is most effective for these operations to be conducted when there is an acceptable security situation. The security aspect of post-conflict operations is based on the coordinating issue for beginning and maintaining such operations in which the military and civilian personnel are involved.

Keywords

  • reconstruction
  • reconciliation
  • security
  • support
  • post-conflict operations
access type Open Access

The Relation Between Military And Civilian Actors In Military Operations

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 56 - 59

Abstract

Abstract

Looking at the current ongoing conflicts in the world, we can likely state that future armed conflicts will cover not only the solution of combat actions, but increasingly these conflicts must be addressed in cooperation with civilian actors. Although five years have passed since the introduction of the new strategic concept of NATO, which is declared for greater cooperation with civilian actors and the implementation of crisis management through a comprehensive involvement of both civilian and military components together, there are still critical issues interfere with successful collaboration to solve problems in the crisis area. One of the most important representatives of civilian actors are a humanitarian organization. And only each other getting to know can eliminate mutual distrust and thereby improve the final effect of the solving of crisis.

Keywords

  • NGO
  • NATO
  • strategic concept
  • civilian actors
  • cooperation
access type Open Access

Military Advisors Teams Mission Readiness Self-Assessment Methods

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 60 - 65

Abstract

Abstract

To meet the verification requirements of the Enforcement Principle, every training organization may verify the results of the conducted training. Our research hypothesis is that by implementation of the proper self-assessment methods the final results of the military advisors mission training could be more objective, than by using the “classical” assessment methodology containing only the marks of the combat training instructors. Some research results of the military advisors teams’ mission readiness level are presented in the following paper.

Keywords

  • mission readiness
  • self-assessment methods
access type Open Access

A Descriptive Analysis Of The Self-Similarity Between Terrorism And Cancer

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 66 - 71

Abstract

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to analyze the characteristic features of terrorist acts and carcinogenic diseases, thus revealing the common elements of these displays. In the process of analysis, these elements could be conducive to establishing the cause- effect relationships. The paper focuses on the description of terrorism in society and the carcinogenic diseases in the human body in their role as destructive factors in the management of complex systems in society and human body.

Keywords

  • terrorism
  • cancer
  • analysis of self-similarity
access type Open Access

Vulnerability Of Compromising The Classified Information, Determined By Extreme Values Of Psycho-Social Variable

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 72 - 76

Abstract

Abstract

The requirements of functions in organizations, in general, military organization in particular, with specific educational programs, constitute the premises and purpose of developing a specific behavior, which is based on moral principles and operational procedures.

After forming the behavior required to fulfill certain tasks and the culture of security to meet normative acts, in this case rules to achieve protection of classified information, during management in the information flow, the psycho-social development of the individual in the organization and society and the situational random conjecture, sometimes controllable, can cause vulnerabilities that lead to the data and also to the classified information being compromised.

Keywords

  • Internal conflicts
  • vulnerabilities
  • classified information
access type Open Access

Risks, Threats And Vulnerabilities At The Eastern Border Of NATO And Of The EU

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 77 - 83

Abstract

Abstract

The twenty first century has presented us with distinctly new kinds of security challenges. These new challenges have specific information components. In some cases, the crisis is essentially about information such as cyber-attacks against government or critical private sector information systems. In others, the information needs for crisis managers are critical but do not yet enjoy a robust infrastructure. The risk of a traditional war on the European continent is not the same as during the Cold War. Nevertheless, at sub-regional level there still occur phenomena of instability and crisis and trends of fragmentation and isolation of certain states.

“The current crisis in Ukraine is affecting as a whole, the strategic interests of the Romania in the Region, and I think at issues like: the border security of NATO and EU, the European path of the Republic of Moldova, the situation of Romanians in Ukraine, the democratization of the Wider Black Sea Region and ensuring of energy security” (Eduard Hellvig, SRI director, AGERPRESS interview, March 31, 2015)”.

Keywords

  • intelligence
  • threats
  • cooperation
  • vulnerabilities
  • security
access type Open Access

Use Of The Armed Forces In The Postmodern Wars

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 84 - 87

Abstract

Abstract

In this article authors depict how the security environment challenges can affect the emerging theory of post-modern war. The 20th century becomes the twilight of modern wars; armed conflicts take the nature of the postmodern wars. The characteristic features of contemporary wars lead to conclusions about the uniqueness of the postmodern wars and the needs for their research. This research is necessary for the understanding of effective ways to use armed force in contemporary and future conflicts and wars.

Keywords

  • Postmodern war
  • strategic
  • armed forces
access type Open Access

Concept Development & Experimentation As Tool For Capability Development

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 88 - 93

Abstract

Abstract

Purpose of this paper is to depict Concept Development & Experimentation (CD&E) process as tools for transformation in NATO. CD&E process supports development and experimentation by providing a common framework, decision support and practical guidelines for capability development. In first part the author shows possible patterns of military concepts and describes their parameters. In the second part article depicts relationship between the operating concepts and the defence planning process. They clarify the operating concept application issues in the process of the armed forces development.

The paper is one of outcome of the defence research project named “Operational Concepts of the Armed Forms of the Czech Republic in Joint Operations”, that was solved at the University of Defence in Brno (CZ). Project solved the “Proposal of operational concept of the Armed Forces of the Czech Republic in joint operations” and “Methodology of generation and development of operational concepts”.

Keywords

  • Concept Development
  • Defence Planning
  • Capability
access type Open Access

Greece’s Military Importance For The European Union

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 94 - 98

Abstract

Abstract

Having won the legislative elections in Greece on January 25, 2015, the leader of the radical party SYRIZA now aims for reducing austerity in his country, even though this might result in the exit of Greece from the Eurozone. A Greek exit will definitely have major economic consequences, which will also affect the country’s defence budget and its European military stance. Taking into account such a turn of events, in this paper we analyse the military importance of Greece for the European Union. The analysis is conducted using, as main methodological instrument, the European Index of Military Integration.

Keywords

  • Greece
  • European Union
  • European Index of Military Integration
  • Greek military power
access type Open Access

Causes And Determinations Of Security Risk - Analysis And Perspective Of Conflicts In Ukraine

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 99 - 104

Abstract

Abstract

Risks are difficult to combat, especially when they are diverse and influenced by so many factors from the security environment. Because of the rapid and dynamic changes, risks are important to be discovered, understood and eliminated. The main problem is how to anticipate them and prevent any bad event to happen. This shows the importance of intelligence services and cooperation between states in assuring security to prevent conflicts. Any conflict is considered to be the result of poor communication and cooperation between states and low efficiency in anticipating the evolution of international relationships in the area. How could everything evolve in Ukraine in a better environment of communication and prevention? How could the risks and crisis be avoided and what kind of effects can we pass in review today? But the most important aspect remains how to never let this happen again.

Keywords

  • Hybrid conflict
  • security risk
  • conflict prevention
  • strategic interests
access type Open Access

Protecting The National And European Critical Underwater Infrastructures With The Help Of Divers

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 105 - 114

Abstract

Abstract

The contemporary security environment is characterized by a high degree of instability and unpredictability, in which the current trend is to transform the great wars in terrorist fights and attack. Directive 2008/114/of the European Council proposes the identification and designation of national and European Critical Infrastructures (ECI), and also the evaluation of the need to improve their protection. In this regard, the paper presents the activity of a special category of workers, i.e. divers. Their work contributes to ensuring peace and security all along the Romanian Black Sea coast, which is a European and national border. The divers, through their activity, manage to eliminate the obstacles that jeopardize the immersed critical infrastructure, and the underwater environment in general, thus, ensuring prosperity, stability and security in the region.

Keywords

  • contemporary security
  • critical infrastructure
  • instability
  • unpredictability
access type Open Access

Central Asian Space Analyzed Through The Moscow – Beijing Axis

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 115 - 119

Abstract

Abstract

Russia and China are the biggest national actors of the world from a territorial and demographical point of view. Together, these two actors control The Eurasian space - China being the most populated country and Russia having the greatest geographical surface. The strategic partnership between these countries pursues objectives in various fields, such as: economy, security, industry, resources and military.

Due to the dynamics of world politics Russia and China were often put in the position to support each other; therefore an official relationship between China and Russia began as early as the 17th century. This relationship affects mostly the Central Asian space, but also powerful global and Asian regional actors.

Keywords

  • Russia
  • China
  • Central Asia
  • natural resources
access type Open Access

Twilight Or Daybreak Of Ground Forces

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 120 - 126

Abstract

Abstract

The article deals with the settlement of the Ground Forces in history to the present day. It confronts this information with actual trends of development of some branches of the armed forces, weapons systems, techniques, and new requirements on tactics, combat and operational use. From the armed conflicts in the last years which took place in Irak, Afghanistan, Islam state, we can conclude that the crucial tasks in battles and conflicts require the involvement of forces from other branches (Air forces, Special forces). The paper focuses on the necessity and importance of providing more and more intelligence, education, preparation and global more knowledge for regular soldiers.

Keywords

  • Ground Forces
  • soldier
  • weapons
  • combat
  • battle
  • tactics
  • requirement
  • operation
access type Open Access

Opinions Regarding The New Challenges To The Critical Infrastructures

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 127 - 134

Abstract

Abstract

In Romania, the protection of critical infrastructure is seen as a dynamic process, with a variable geometry, which requires constant reporting to the various types of threats of the external environment: terrorism, organized crime, illegal migration, border insecurity, etc.

For this reason, any process of designing/redesigning the concept of national critical infrastructure protection should relate to the complexity and the fluidity of the present international security environment and the fundamental reason of any initiative regarding this process is enhancing the status of “vector of stability” at the Eastern border of the European Union and NATO, considering that many of the transnational threats facing Europe originate from this area.

Keywords

  • multiple crises
  • critical infrastructures
  • protection of critical infrastructures
  • a common platform for cooperation
  • strengths
  • weaknesses
  • opportunities
  • threats
  • challenges
access type Open Access

A New Approach To The European Programme For Critical Infrastructure Protection

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 135 - 142

Abstract

Abstract

Critical infrastructure protection is the only way of ensuring the continuity of critical services in the society. A European critical infrastructure means “an asset, a system or part of it, located on the territory of the Member States, which is essential for the maintenance of vital societal functions, health, safety, security, economic or social well-being of people, and the disruption or destruction of which would have a significant impact in a Member State as a result of the failure to maintain those functions [1].”

To ensure a high level of protection of the European critical infrastructures and by increasing their resilience (against all of the threats and hazards) the consequences of the loss of services of the society as a whole can be reduced. At the same time, these are the objectives of the Stockholm Program [2] and of the National Security Strategy of the European Union [3].

Keywords

  • critical infrastructure protection
  • transnational risks a new approach
  • resiliency
  • interdependencies
  • review
access type Open Access

Civil Aspects Of National Security

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 143 - 147

Abstract

Abstract

The article examines the national security as a state of society and state in which fundamental rights and freedoms of man and citizen shall be protected. It examines the interdependence between security in the civil society and the guarantees for full realization of the rights, freedoms and legal interests of citizens. It specifies the question for social security of citizens and legal entities in: signing and realization of civil transactions; the regime of entries; the exercise of ownership and development of the substantive law relations; the relocation of trade companies from Bulgaria in other EU Member State and from another EU Member State in Bulgaria. This scientific study underlines the need for improvement of the regulation of civil transactions, in order to ensure the maximum social security of citizens and legal entities and forming of a favorable environment for their dynamic development.

Keywords

  • national security
  • legal security
  • civil aspects
  • registration
  • harmonization National Security and Civil Rights
access type Open Access

Agroterrorism - A Threat To The Agricultural Sector

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 148 - 153

Abstract

Abstract

The paper presents the problem of the threat of agroterrorist attacks. The author describes some historical facts regarding the use of biological agents against domestic animals and crops in military conflicts and terrorist attacks. He shows the main entities which can initiate attacks on the agricultural sector. In the final part of publication, the author presents the consequences of attacks on the agricultural sector in the case of countries that are the main targets of such attacks.

Keywords

  • terrorism
  • weapon of mass destruction
  • agroterrorism
  • biological pathogens
access type Open Access

Comparative Analysis Of The Components Of The Leadership Style Of The Bulgarian Cadets

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 154 - 159

Abstract

Abstract

The paper presents the results of the analysesis of the longitudinal study of the professional and social components of the leadership style of Bulgarian cadets. The research is conducted in the last three years with the cadets from all years of training in Vassil Levski National Military University during the annual complex tactical field exercise. Situational leadership theory has been used as a basis of the developed model of the cadet’s leadership building.

Keywords

  • leadership training
  • professional components
  • model
access type Open Access

How Corporate Social Responsibility Can Contribute To Growth Strategy

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 160 - 164

Abstract

Abstract

The slow growth of the economy requires an adequate response, even from companies in the hotel industry. In order to achieve an increase in turnover, they can react with a change of strategy, or cost cutting. The use of corporate social responsibility has been identified as one potential strategy of growth. Corporate social strategy is based on three traditional crucial factors that include social, economic and ecological values. The authors of this contribution analyse the possibilities to achieve an outstanding reputation of a company in the field of corporate social responsibility in order to gain the support of the public and stakeholders. They refer to the fact that corporate social responsibility is one possible way to achieve long-term profitable growth in the field of the hotel industry, even in a complex economic development.

Keywords

  • corporate social responsibility
  • growth strategy
  • hotel industry
  • strategic management
  • strategy
access type Open Access

Project Manager And His/Her Competencies

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 165 - 169

Abstract

Abstract

Competencies of a project manager are formed by a set of knowledge, skills, related experience, and ways of behaviour and attitudes. It is a way by which a project manager asserts his/her own professional knowledge to terminate a project successfully. There are different ways of a competencies division. Authors of this contribution focused on basic competencies and high performance competencies. Basic competencies of a project manager are comprehended as knowledge and skills that are indispensable for an own performance of managerial work. High performance competencies are relatively stable demonstrations of behaviour, by using them teams leaded by a project manager reach outstanding results. In contemporary entrepreneurial environment that is characterized by a high dynamics of changes, market globalization, strong competition and short time of launching technologies the basic competencies are not sufficient enough for a project manager. High performance competencies enable the project managers to manage effectively in contemporary turbulent environment. The competent project manager performs above standard, excellent performance.

Keywords

  • competence
  • basic competencies
  • generic competencies
  • project manager
  • hotel industry
access type Open Access

The Negative Impact Of Tourism In The Area Of The Bârgău Mountains Onto The Local Environment

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 170 - 178

Abstract

Abstract

Tourism as any other human activity causes a negative impact on the environment when the general rules of behaviour and management are not fully respected. Actually the growing development of tourism and the increasing number of tourists in the area, have had a negative but prominent effect on the local environment as well.

Keywords

  • impact
  • tourist planning
  • preservation
  • long-term development
access type Open Access

Having A Look Back To The Former Petrol-Based Electric Railway, Dornişoara - Tihuţa - Prundu Bârgăului

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 179 - 184

Abstract

Abstract

The former petrol-based electric railway, built during First World War originally served for the food and ammunition transport meant for the armies, which had settled down the mountain peaks nearby, today in the area of Vatra Dornei or Cârlibaba and which were guarding the passage towards Transylvania. They were often used to evacuate the wounded and for commercial purposes as well, in order to transport cereal and many other kinds of grains at the blooming 1916, all this acquired from the requisitions of Bucovina and even from the smuggling or imports of Romania, which still enjoyed neutrality by the time.

Keywords

  • railway
  • petrol-based and electric railway
  • depot
  • transport
access type Open Access

Negotiating In Cross-Cultural Contexts

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 185 - 191

Abstract

Abstract

Accentuated by globalization, the overlapping and the dissemination of values, beliefs and perceptions pertaining to different cultures have reached an unprecedented level, phenomenon which, with the contribution of new technologies and the international media, led to the creation of a new global culture. The constant movement of large masses of people with different personal goals has brought into contact individuals coming from various cultures, who found themselves in the position of trying to understand, filter and harmonize new cultural practices as well as developing skills for coping with them; due to widespread businesses spanning national borders, negotiation practitioners frequently encounter business opponents from unfamiliar cultures and resort to strategies and tactics meant to cross cultural boundaries and the obstacles of the business context. The paper is an overview of concepts and findings regarding the origin of the global culture as cultural co-existence in the international space, with an emphasis on the concepts of cross-cultural communication and cross-cultural competence, cultural variables and their impact on cross-cultural negotiations.

Keywords

  • cross-cultural communication
  • cross-cultural competence
  • cultural variables
  • cross-cultural negotiation
access type Open Access

Development Of Outsourcing Services

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 192 - 197

Abstract

Abstract

In today's world the sophistication of modern organizational processes requires the development of outsourcing services. The organization seeking to dispose of non-key services in order to increase economic activity appears as a common practice. This causes the need for cooperation between the private and public sector, which is the beginning of outsourcing. This paper studies and analyzes the development of outsourcing as a form of public - private partnership in the practice of business and in the armed forces.

Keywords

  • outsourcing services
  • development
  • cooperation
  • armed Forces
  • military service
access type Open Access

Analysis Patterns For Military Organizations

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 198 - 202

Abstract

Abstract

The need to study and the use of science and practice of knowledge management is a necessity for the military system as a major subsystem (in economic terms) of any social system. In the type of knowledge that is necessary for the state to support national interests, knowledge transformation that starts from the premises of the environment in which they operate and on which it is called upon to be decided. Knowledge is the ability to understand the present reality based on information, perceptions and evaluations, and the ability to support actions in order to shape future realities.

Keywords

  • Knowledge
  • data
  • intellectual capital
  • strategic knowledge management
access type Open Access

Multilingualism As A Significant Element To European Integration

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 203 - 207

Abstract

Abstract

Since most European nations have been built on the basis of their own languages, it can be said that the European Union is solely based on its linguistic diversity. A sense of common belonging based on linguistic and cultural diversity is undoubtedly a powerful antidote against the manifestations of fanaticism. It is not easy to define exactly or comprehensively the values that everyone should adopt in order to become a full member of the European family. The article aims to prove that the European idea is based on the inextricably linked requirements: universal moral values and cultural diversity. Multilingualism in particular is a unique and significant element to European integration.

Keywords

  • multilingualism
  • European Integration
  • European identity
access type Open Access

Perspectives On Using Theory Porter-Lawler Student Motivation Military

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 208 - 213

Abstract

Abstract

Motivational component of learning is particularly important in the military because of the accruals during undergraduate studies, will depend both on their professional future career military and results in activities to individual objectives and structure that will lead. The complexity of the current context, the military domain and society requires a detailed approach to building motives underlying motivation for military students, and using Porter-Lawler model to maximize their motivation can be very effective.

Keywords

  • motivation
  • Porter-Lawler
  • student
  • military
access type Open Access

Empathic And Assertive Communication. Efficient Communication Developments

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 214 - 217

Abstract

Abstract

We are always confronted with situations in which prevailing socially is strictly a matter of conversational technique. First, empathy and the mirroring of the other's emotional states and gestures is a must of efficient communication. Secondly, in order to prevent conflict situations one must learn to communicate assertively. Empathic communication is the ability or talent of knowing what other people feel and is essential when we want to produce or generate feedback. Assertive communication refers to the ability to express feelings and choices in a way that the self-esteem and feelings of others are not affected. A person who has these communicative competences will know to express wishes and feelings, to refuse and express opinions without offending the others, while maintaining a favorable impression and self-control.

Keywords

  • empathy
  • communication
  • assertive communication
  • active listening
access type Open Access

To Speak And To Act. Language As A Means Of Producing Social Change

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 218 - 222

Abstract

Abstract

The performativity theory starts from a critique of the descriptivist and representation a list theory of language, thus, language and word use cease to appear as mere modalities of describing the world and our connection with the environment, and become a manner of acting and of producing action. Prefigured in the Theory of Communicative Action of J.L. Austin, further analyzed by J. R. Searle and other pragmatists, the illocutionary speech acts make the distinction between the content of an expression and the action that we undertake through it. Their transformation in action is a transition from the assertion plan to the realization plan, through the explicit performative utterances (“I order you to”, “I ask you to”, “I solicit that you”).

Keywords

  • speech acts
  • performative verbs
  • locution
  • illocution
  • perlocution
  • communicative action
access type Open Access

Human Resources As Risk Factors For Lean Manufacturing Implementation

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 223 - 228

Abstract

Abstract

The purpose of lean managements is to create and determine value and eliminate all non-value added activities. The idea of lean in the current manufacturing environment is to work and produce from the customer's perspective, and therefore to define value as a variable directly depending on the consumer of the good or service. Basically, lean is concerned with creating more value with fewer resources. LM (lean manufacturing) allows organizations to prosper in the marketplace being able to price competitively or invest in the development of products for future sustainability. Reducing the amount of waste, in example defective products, increases profits resulting in greater overall efficiencies. This paper analyses the risk factors which can hinder having a successful LM within an organization. The core focus of this study lies in discussing the risk factors in regards to human resources which can hinder organizations to successfully implement LM. Through a thorough literature and study review, the paper underlines the importance of a lean organizational culture and management. The lack of alignment of these two areas with the LM implementation will result in turning them from being the strongest implementation KPIs into being the highest risk factors and barriers for the company.

Keywords

  • lean manufacturing
  • lean culture
  • lean management
  • human resources
  • waste
access type Open Access

Armed Forces Management And Employment – New Direction For Preparing Future Army Commanders Of The Czech Republic

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 229 - 232

Abstract

Abstract

The author describes the content of the new field study of “Armed forces management and employment” and specifies the reasons for its creation in the article. Next the author clarifies the graduate profile, a field of study and study goals. At the same time the location of the subject “Management of military units” is specified, as well as its content and the role in the shaping of the future of combined arms unit commander.

Keywords

  • armed forces
  • management
  • military units
  • study program
access type Open Access

The Problem Solving Management Process And The Best Practice Of The National University Of Public Service

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 233 - 242

Abstract

Abstract

It is the responsibility of the military and law enforcement leaders to solve different problems during their professional service. At the National University of Public Service the students study the main steps of the process of problem solving management. The essay leads the readers through the process of management step by step showing the best practice of the Hungarian military and law enforcement organizations. The essay pays special attention to the decision which is the main and most important step of the management process.

All of the graduating students of the National University of Public Service carry out an annual management practice – The Common Public Service Practice. The implementation of this practice following a theoretical phase is to support the practical knowledge applying the best leadership practice during solving the different situations in the real time.

The reader will gain a full insight into the problem solving management process and this experience can be successfully adapted to his own work.

Keywords

  • National University of Public Service
  • problem solving management
  • process of management steps
  • best practice of the Hungarian military and law enforcement organizations
  • management process
  • Common Public Service Practice
access type Open Access

Developing A Collaborative Model Specific To The Field Of Defence Based On The Life Cycle Of A Cluster

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 243 - 247

Abstract

Abstract

Clusters represent one of the defining elements of the Europe 2020 Strategy of the EU in terms of sustainable regional development due to the organizational structure, to the sphere of representativity and, not least, due to the economic policies adopted in this respect at the European level. The present paper presents the manner in which one can design a cluster-type collaborative model, specific for defence, using methods specific to modeling. The basis for the achievement of this conceptual model is the model of the cluster life cycle, a model analog to the life cycle of the product.

Keywords

  • Cluster
  • Cluster Life Cycle
  • modeling
  • collaborative model
access type Open Access

Opinions Regarding The Decision-Making Process For Military Logistics At Peace Time

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 248 - 252

Abstract

Abstract

During peace time military logistics is designated to ensure and maintain conditions in order for military units to fullfil their missions, objectives and tasks and comprises the following domains: supply, maintenance, movement and transportation, services (food, accomodation, equipment), medical. Logistic decision holds a central role inside management process, this has to be approached through conceptual delimitations and role, involving the existence of many alternatives in order to facilitate the efficient one. Decision is to select a subset of the set of non-dominant variants of variant decision reviewed by the decider, which must include a number of actions that formulates the problem and seeks to identify its solution. Foundation and quality of decisions prepared in an organization depend on many variables, from the level of training of manager to the structuring of authority within the organization. Analysis of potential issues that may face the organization concentrates on prospective nature, on anticipatory process of establishment of decisions, which is the central moment of each management process.

Keywords

  • organization
  • management
  • system
  • process
  • decision
access type Open Access

Professional Training Of Future Logistics Officers At National Military University Of Bulgaria

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 253 - 257

Abstract

Abstract

The specific of the officer’s military management activities lies in its functional responsibilities. The obligations and requirements determine them. The specifics of the military management activities of logistics officer are designated by the statute of military service in the Armed Forces of the Republic of Bulgaria. This article represents the proficiency of the future logistics officers at Vasil Levski National Military University, which is achieved through training in two specialties: military training in “Organization and management of tactical units for logistics” and civil training in “Business Logistics”. In the both, cadets acquire the educational and qualification degree “Bachelor”.

Keywords

  • professional training
access type Open Access

The Representation Of Terrorism In The Public Opinion – Fixing The Images In The Public Mentality

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 258 - 262

Abstract

Abstract

In the XXI century terrorism has become one of the most used terms in media, acquiring a global recognition. This is possible because of the heightened activity of various terrorist organizations in different geographical areas around the world starting from the tragic event who took place in the U.S.A. in 11.09.2001.

In addition to these issues is the desire of media to broadcast news of considerable interest to the public. Therefore one of the most suitable terms that suits both media and public requirements is terrorism.

So, mostly because of media, it seems that is possible that a person who doesn't know much about terrorism, even a sentence close to a definition of the term, knows that terrorism is a mixture of fear, politic, deaths and violence, which is true. Interesting fact is how the public is able to recognize terrorism and its form of manifestation because of media and how media generates representation of terrorism and fix them in the public mental.

Keywords

  • terrorism
  • public opinion
  • media
  • images and representation
access type Open Access

Managing Communication Campaigns During Crises According To William Thomas’s Social Theory

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 263 - 267

Abstract

Abstract

Starting from the sociological theory of William Thomas which says that when people consider a situation as real, it becomes real through the consequences it produces, in this paper we intend to analyze how that works in the case of specific situations.

We begin with the conceptual delimitations of the main terms we operate with, according to the approaches proposed by the pioneers of the American Interactionism, the promoters of this perspective. Furthermore, we intend to analyze actual cases where this theory applies in specific situations, emphasizing the individual context and the differentiated management of the communication strategy, while tracking the obtained results.

The crisis situations aimed in our study can be integrated into two main categories: those manifested at organizational level and those recorded at country level, with international consequences. Nowadays society, recognized as a knowledge based one, is dominated by abundant information, that can be structured and systematized in such ways that the created scenarios can sometimes irreversible determine the destiny of individuals, organizations or even countries. This are the key elements we want to study in this paper.

Keywords

  • crisis management
  • communication
  • situation definition
  • social image
access type Open Access

Reducing Stress At Work

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 268 - 271

Abstract

Abstract

It has been previously demonstrated that reducing stress at work means actually reducing risk of illness in life. Occupational distress is one of the most important health problems in the E.U.

In Europe, it is on the second place as regards the number of days off and cost. Occupational distress affects one out of three employees in the E.U. Over the last few years, some organizations have worked out programs designed to help all the employees physically and mentally in order to prevent problems related to stressing jobs. All these plans are trying to reduce work-related stress. This article aims at presenting some strategies to prevent and reduce stress at the organizational level and individually.

Keywords

  • stress related to work
  • strategies
  • reducing level of stress
  • occupational stress
access type Open Access

Organizational Citizenship Behaviour In Military Organization

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 272 - 276

Abstract

Abstract

This paper is intended to be, first of all a review of theoretical literature on Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) and for that, we tried to define the concept and to separate it from other similar concepts, and to analyze the dimensions of this type of behavior. Secondly, we identified the dimensions of Organizational Citizenship Behavior in military organizations, in order to see how OCB could influence the organizational performance.

Keywords

  • task performance
  • contextual performance
  • organizational citizenship behavior
  • dimensions
access type Open Access

Communication – A Key Element In The Improvement Of Social Dysfunctions In Organizations

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 277 - 282

Abstract

Abstract

People coordinate with one another, to achieve their objectives and survival, working in organizations. To obtain these things, they must cooperate, collaborate, and communicate efficiently. Not always, people understand each other, or cooperate. Many studies were made in order to improve communication between employees and minimize organizational conflicts. This article endeavors to show that through a better human communication, the managers and the employees will obtain a better conviviality, better understanding, better results and better performance. For this reason, objectives like minimizing work conflicts, fluctuation and absenteeism named social dysfunctions (DS) through a better communication process, become important for any organization in order to obtain performance.

Keywords

  • communication
  • work conflicts
  • absenteeism
  • personnel fluctuation
  • performance
access type Open Access

Internationalization: A New Challenge For Military Universities

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 283 - 287

Abstract

Abstract

The paper attempts to show the development within the education of military professionals in the context of new challenges. It focuses on not only the general evolution of education but also on internationalization as an important element to increase the necessary quality of military professional training. Readers can find explanation of the advantages of international terms as a common instrument that would create future possibilities for cooperation among military universities.

Keywords

  • military professionals' education
  • internationalization
  • cooperation
48 Articles
access type Open Access

The Counter-Terrorist System Of Romania

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 1 - 10

Abstract

Abstract

This article presents the counter-terrorist system adopted in Romania. The problem of terrorism is one of the challenges within security issues which the European Union is facing. Only lasting, strong cooperation may lead to combating international terrorism, and one of the countries which attempt to do that is Romania. For such actions to be successful, suitable legal solutions have been implemented and adequate structures and units established with the purpose of fighting terrorism. An enormous role belongs moreover to international cooperation and maintaining good relations between various states within terrorism prevention. The Author focuses in particular on the forms and methods of combating terrorism on various planes.

Keywords

  • European Union
  • Romania
  • security
  • terrorism
access type Open Access

State, Soldier, Professionality

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 11 - 20

Abstract

Abstract

Defense is one of the oldest state responsibilities. Without the defense, protection or physical security the state, the power is unable to act on its own free will. The state is not able to fulfil its other functions (collection, distribution, regulation and sanctions) according to the interests of the society.

Clausewitz stated that the use of military power is the continuation of politics. In other words, politics aims to reach these aims by the implementation of military forces or war. Of course, to achieve the aims of the politics there are lots of instruments (diplomacy, politics, economics, information, ...) which have to be coordinated with the use of forces. This way of thinking is named as the comprehensive approach.

But politics has other important roles in order to achieve the aims. In the application of military force aims should be set to provide the necessary resources (human and material) and the appropriate legal environment. Professional military professionalism achieves its full potential in the case of three elements – aims, resources and legal environment - are harmonized for long-term. In the process of political decision-making professional military experts help to reach efficient choice. After the political decision is made the military does its best to act in order to achieve the aims.

In the western world the national armed forces have significantly reduced their strengths and abandoned the conscription-based military system. NATO and the EU in recent decades have carried out a number of operations. These operations were based on defending the member states’ individual or collective’ interests and values by strengthening peace and security. This new operational environment expects numbers of new skills and competencies from the 21th century’s soldiers.

Keywords

  • Hungariam Defence Forces
  • state defence
  • state building
  • skills of commanders
access type Open Access

European Security And The Terrorist Threat: Evolutions And Current Ways Of Managing It

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 21 - 27

Abstract

Abstract

The European Security Strategy “A Secure Europe in a Better World” emphasizes on the fact that security is a precondition of development and nominates terrorism as the first key threat in the list of five major threats addressed to European security. In the “EU Internal Security Strategy in Action” the terrorism is seen as second threat (after serious and organized crime) and is pointed out as a phenomenon which requires concerted European action, due to a still existent vulnerability of our societies to terrorist attacks, “Europe being both a target and a base for such terrorism”.

The paper presents the evolution of the European security environment between 1990 and 2015, emphasizing the increase of the terrorist threat and the steps and actions taken in preventing and fighting against it, as well as possible solutions for managing the terrorist phenomenon. In the final part of the paper, the findings of a case study achieved through sociological questionnaire are rendered. The study envisaged to catch the counter-terrorism perspective at the level of ordinary citizens and of decision-makers and stakeholders as well.

Keywords

  • terrorism
  • threat
  • security environment
  • strategy
access type Open Access

The Challenge Of Asylum To The European Union’s Policy In A Knowledge Based Society

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 28 - 31

Abstract

Abstract

Migration is not a new phenomenon. People have been forced or tempted to leave their homes since ancient times, due to the economic (lack of resources, type of property, level of national economy development, better careers, famine), social (family reunification, social justice, poverty), political (oppression, war, ideology) or environmental (flooding, drought) problems. If for some, migrating is a quest of improving an already good living, for many others, it is a quest of survival. On this second aspect the paper intends to focus on, especially by relating the issue with the pressure created not only upon some European countries, but also upon the European Union as a political international actor.

It seems that migration reveals a whole spectrum of vulnerabilities concerning the European Union internal security, including lack of sane regulation, which if not tackled properly can easily create disorder and endanger regional security. One thing is for sure – tackling migration and asylum problems should be structured on solidarity and responsibility, both at national and European levels.

Keywords

  • European Union
  • migration
  • asylum
  • policy
access type Open Access

Culture As Soft Power In International Relations

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 32 - 37

Abstract

Abstract

A global approach has almost generalized over the last decades, suggesting that human security and, related to it – society security- are among the most important themes of contemporary international relations.

The management of the Yugoslavian crisis, the terrorist attacks of September the 11th, 2001, as well as the debates over US and its allies’ military interventions in Kosovo, Afghanistan or Iraq, pointed out, on the one hand, that states are not prepared to deal with the cross-border threats of the 21st century alone, and, on the other hand, the fact that military interventions (the “hard” approach to security) do not always represent the optimum solution in managing international security. However, peace-building and security building (the ”soft” approach) are usually more discreet, do not attract attention, do not draw the media interest.

In recent studies, the issue of “soft” power and “hard” power has been increasingly discussed. “Soft” power refers to the power derived mainly from cultural and imagological sources, exercising its influence more through persuasion or by attracting the weak one to a particular model rather than by coercion. ”Hard” power consists especially of military and economic means contributing to enforcing the will of one actor over another actor. These two forms of power do not exclude each other, but, on the contrary, combining “soft” with “hard” means facilitates greater efficiency in achieving the main goal.

Keywords

  • soft power
  • hard power
  • mental power
  • cultural power
  • national power
access type Open Access

Intra-State Violence In D.R. Congo And Features Of The ‘New War’ Scenarios

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 38 - 43

Abstract

Abstract

The chief objective of this paper is to demonstrate that the characteristics of new wars (described by scholars Mary Kaldor and Herfried Műnkler) are identified in the case of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Hence, the main argument is that the wars in D.R. Congo displayed most features of the new wars. Former Zaire/RDC was a weak state, completely unable to retain monopoly on the use of organized violence or to control its entire territory. Many armed groups and local militias had free vein in the east part and at some point they also controlled the north east and south east areas. Moreover, they gained autonomy and resorted to atrocities. The distinction between combatants and civilians was blurred. The locus of belligerence moved from the military sector to the societal one, thus also pinpointing to the need to reconceptualize security. Most attacks were carried out systematically and deliberately against groups of individuals, without discrimination between civilians and members of the militias. Child-soldiering was present and violence against women was prevailing systematically. Looting, raping, and killing was the bulk of the fighting and on several occasions civilians were used as human shields.

Keywords

  • new wars
  • D.R. Congo
  • human displacement
  • human insecurity
access type Open Access

Irregular Warfare And (In)Security In The Horn Of Africa

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 44 - 49

Abstract

Abstract

The paper will focus on the transformation of war (associated with phenomena such as human displacement, famine, violence against civilians, and commercialization of military troops) and on the refugee flows and insecurity within refugee camps which amount to humanitarian tragedies. The second chief aim of this paper is to investigate tenets of the extended analytical framework of security and to emphasize the relevance of constructivist and critical security studies. The pivotal line of arguments will revolve around specificities of violent conflict in the Horn of Africa which trigger the need to revisit mainstream approaches on state security by analyzing intra-state (and internationalized) violence and by including types of post-colonial insecurity, food insecurity and environmental degradation. The main underlying research question is: why is human security a valid framework of analysis in the case of irregular warfare in the Horn of Africa?

Keywords

  • human security
  • Horn of Africa
  • state weakness
  • food insecurity
access type Open Access

Post-Conflict Operations – A Cooperative Effort

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 50 - 55

Abstract

Abstract

Post-conflict operations may be conducted prior to the complete end of a conflict. The past experience shows that it is most effective for these operations to be conducted when there is an acceptable security situation. The security aspect of post-conflict operations is based on the coordinating issue for beginning and maintaining such operations in which the military and civilian personnel are involved.

Keywords

  • reconstruction
  • reconciliation
  • security
  • support
  • post-conflict operations
access type Open Access

The Relation Between Military And Civilian Actors In Military Operations

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 56 - 59

Abstract

Abstract

Looking at the current ongoing conflicts in the world, we can likely state that future armed conflicts will cover not only the solution of combat actions, but increasingly these conflicts must be addressed in cooperation with civilian actors. Although five years have passed since the introduction of the new strategic concept of NATO, which is declared for greater cooperation with civilian actors and the implementation of crisis management through a comprehensive involvement of both civilian and military components together, there are still critical issues interfere with successful collaboration to solve problems in the crisis area. One of the most important representatives of civilian actors are a humanitarian organization. And only each other getting to know can eliminate mutual distrust and thereby improve the final effect of the solving of crisis.

Keywords

  • NGO
  • NATO
  • strategic concept
  • civilian actors
  • cooperation
access type Open Access

Military Advisors Teams Mission Readiness Self-Assessment Methods

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 60 - 65

Abstract

Abstract

To meet the verification requirements of the Enforcement Principle, every training organization may verify the results of the conducted training. Our research hypothesis is that by implementation of the proper self-assessment methods the final results of the military advisors mission training could be more objective, than by using the “classical” assessment methodology containing only the marks of the combat training instructors. Some research results of the military advisors teams’ mission readiness level are presented in the following paper.

Keywords

  • mission readiness
  • self-assessment methods
access type Open Access

A Descriptive Analysis Of The Self-Similarity Between Terrorism And Cancer

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 66 - 71

Abstract

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to analyze the characteristic features of terrorist acts and carcinogenic diseases, thus revealing the common elements of these displays. In the process of analysis, these elements could be conducive to establishing the cause- effect relationships. The paper focuses on the description of terrorism in society and the carcinogenic diseases in the human body in their role as destructive factors in the management of complex systems in society and human body.

Keywords

  • terrorism
  • cancer
  • analysis of self-similarity
access type Open Access

Vulnerability Of Compromising The Classified Information, Determined By Extreme Values Of Psycho-Social Variable

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 72 - 76

Abstract

Abstract

The requirements of functions in organizations, in general, military organization in particular, with specific educational programs, constitute the premises and purpose of developing a specific behavior, which is based on moral principles and operational procedures.

After forming the behavior required to fulfill certain tasks and the culture of security to meet normative acts, in this case rules to achieve protection of classified information, during management in the information flow, the psycho-social development of the individual in the organization and society and the situational random conjecture, sometimes controllable, can cause vulnerabilities that lead to the data and also to the classified information being compromised.

Keywords

  • Internal conflicts
  • vulnerabilities
  • classified information
access type Open Access

Risks, Threats And Vulnerabilities At The Eastern Border Of NATO And Of The EU

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 77 - 83

Abstract

Abstract

The twenty first century has presented us with distinctly new kinds of security challenges. These new challenges have specific information components. In some cases, the crisis is essentially about information such as cyber-attacks against government or critical private sector information systems. In others, the information needs for crisis managers are critical but do not yet enjoy a robust infrastructure. The risk of a traditional war on the European continent is not the same as during the Cold War. Nevertheless, at sub-regional level there still occur phenomena of instability and crisis and trends of fragmentation and isolation of certain states.

“The current crisis in Ukraine is affecting as a whole, the strategic interests of the Romania in the Region, and I think at issues like: the border security of NATO and EU, the European path of the Republic of Moldova, the situation of Romanians in Ukraine, the democratization of the Wider Black Sea Region and ensuring of energy security” (Eduard Hellvig, SRI director, AGERPRESS interview, March 31, 2015)”.

Keywords

  • intelligence
  • threats
  • cooperation
  • vulnerabilities
  • security
access type Open Access

Use Of The Armed Forces In The Postmodern Wars

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 84 - 87

Abstract

Abstract

In this article authors depict how the security environment challenges can affect the emerging theory of post-modern war. The 20th century becomes the twilight of modern wars; armed conflicts take the nature of the postmodern wars. The characteristic features of contemporary wars lead to conclusions about the uniqueness of the postmodern wars and the needs for their research. This research is necessary for the understanding of effective ways to use armed force in contemporary and future conflicts and wars.

Keywords

  • Postmodern war
  • strategic
  • armed forces
access type Open Access

Concept Development & Experimentation As Tool For Capability Development

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 88 - 93

Abstract

Abstract

Purpose of this paper is to depict Concept Development & Experimentation (CD&E) process as tools for transformation in NATO. CD&E process supports development and experimentation by providing a common framework, decision support and practical guidelines for capability development. In first part the author shows possible patterns of military concepts and describes their parameters. In the second part article depicts relationship between the operating concepts and the defence planning process. They clarify the operating concept application issues in the process of the armed forces development.

The paper is one of outcome of the defence research project named “Operational Concepts of the Armed Forms of the Czech Republic in Joint Operations”, that was solved at the University of Defence in Brno (CZ). Project solved the “Proposal of operational concept of the Armed Forces of the Czech Republic in joint operations” and “Methodology of generation and development of operational concepts”.

Keywords

  • Concept Development
  • Defence Planning
  • Capability
access type Open Access

Greece’s Military Importance For The European Union

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 94 - 98

Abstract

Abstract

Having won the legislative elections in Greece on January 25, 2015, the leader of the radical party SYRIZA now aims for reducing austerity in his country, even though this might result in the exit of Greece from the Eurozone. A Greek exit will definitely have major economic consequences, which will also affect the country’s defence budget and its European military stance. Taking into account such a turn of events, in this paper we analyse the military importance of Greece for the European Union. The analysis is conducted using, as main methodological instrument, the European Index of Military Integration.

Keywords

  • Greece
  • European Union
  • European Index of Military Integration
  • Greek military power
access type Open Access

Causes And Determinations Of Security Risk - Analysis And Perspective Of Conflicts In Ukraine

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 99 - 104

Abstract

Abstract

Risks are difficult to combat, especially when they are diverse and influenced by so many factors from the security environment. Because of the rapid and dynamic changes, risks are important to be discovered, understood and eliminated. The main problem is how to anticipate them and prevent any bad event to happen. This shows the importance of intelligence services and cooperation between states in assuring security to prevent conflicts. Any conflict is considered to be the result of poor communication and cooperation between states and low efficiency in anticipating the evolution of international relationships in the area. How could everything evolve in Ukraine in a better environment of communication and prevention? How could the risks and crisis be avoided and what kind of effects can we pass in review today? But the most important aspect remains how to never let this happen again.

Keywords

  • Hybrid conflict
  • security risk
  • conflict prevention
  • strategic interests
access type Open Access

Protecting The National And European Critical Underwater Infrastructures With The Help Of Divers

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 105 - 114

Abstract

Abstract

The contemporary security environment is characterized by a high degree of instability and unpredictability, in which the current trend is to transform the great wars in terrorist fights and attack. Directive 2008/114/of the European Council proposes the identification and designation of national and European Critical Infrastructures (ECI), and also the evaluation of the need to improve their protection. In this regard, the paper presents the activity of a special category of workers, i.e. divers. Their work contributes to ensuring peace and security all along the Romanian Black Sea coast, which is a European and national border. The divers, through their activity, manage to eliminate the obstacles that jeopardize the immersed critical infrastructure, and the underwater environment in general, thus, ensuring prosperity, stability and security in the region.

Keywords

  • contemporary security
  • critical infrastructure
  • instability
  • unpredictability
access type Open Access

Central Asian Space Analyzed Through The Moscow – Beijing Axis

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 115 - 119

Abstract

Abstract

Russia and China are the biggest national actors of the world from a territorial and demographical point of view. Together, these two actors control The Eurasian space - China being the most populated country and Russia having the greatest geographical surface. The strategic partnership between these countries pursues objectives in various fields, such as: economy, security, industry, resources and military.

Due to the dynamics of world politics Russia and China were often put in the position to support each other; therefore an official relationship between China and Russia began as early as the 17th century. This relationship affects mostly the Central Asian space, but also powerful global and Asian regional actors.

Keywords

  • Russia
  • China
  • Central Asia
  • natural resources
access type Open Access

Twilight Or Daybreak Of Ground Forces

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 120 - 126

Abstract

Abstract

The article deals with the settlement of the Ground Forces in history to the present day. It confronts this information with actual trends of development of some branches of the armed forces, weapons systems, techniques, and new requirements on tactics, combat and operational use. From the armed conflicts in the last years which took place in Irak, Afghanistan, Islam state, we can conclude that the crucial tasks in battles and conflicts require the involvement of forces from other branches (Air forces, Special forces). The paper focuses on the necessity and importance of providing more and more intelligence, education, preparation and global more knowledge for regular soldiers.

Keywords

  • Ground Forces
  • soldier
  • weapons
  • combat
  • battle
  • tactics
  • requirement
  • operation
access type Open Access

Opinions Regarding The New Challenges To The Critical Infrastructures

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 127 - 134

Abstract

Abstract

In Romania, the protection of critical infrastructure is seen as a dynamic process, with a variable geometry, which requires constant reporting to the various types of threats of the external environment: terrorism, organized crime, illegal migration, border insecurity, etc.

For this reason, any process of designing/redesigning the concept of national critical infrastructure protection should relate to the complexity and the fluidity of the present international security environment and the fundamental reason of any initiative regarding this process is enhancing the status of “vector of stability” at the Eastern border of the European Union and NATO, considering that many of the transnational threats facing Europe originate from this area.

Keywords

  • multiple crises
  • critical infrastructures
  • protection of critical infrastructures
  • a common platform for cooperation
  • strengths
  • weaknesses
  • opportunities
  • threats
  • challenges
access type Open Access

A New Approach To The European Programme For Critical Infrastructure Protection

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 135 - 142

Abstract

Abstract

Critical infrastructure protection is the only way of ensuring the continuity of critical services in the society. A European critical infrastructure means “an asset, a system or part of it, located on the territory of the Member States, which is essential for the maintenance of vital societal functions, health, safety, security, economic or social well-being of people, and the disruption or destruction of which would have a significant impact in a Member State as a result of the failure to maintain those functions [1].”

To ensure a high level of protection of the European critical infrastructures and by increasing their resilience (against all of the threats and hazards) the consequences of the loss of services of the society as a whole can be reduced. At the same time, these are the objectives of the Stockholm Program [2] and of the National Security Strategy of the European Union [3].

Keywords

  • critical infrastructure protection
  • transnational risks a new approach
  • resiliency
  • interdependencies
  • review
access type Open Access

Civil Aspects Of National Security

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 143 - 147

Abstract

Abstract

The article examines the national security as a state of society and state in which fundamental rights and freedoms of man and citizen shall be protected. It examines the interdependence between security in the civil society and the guarantees for full realization of the rights, freedoms and legal interests of citizens. It specifies the question for social security of citizens and legal entities in: signing and realization of civil transactions; the regime of entries; the exercise of ownership and development of the substantive law relations; the relocation of trade companies from Bulgaria in other EU Member State and from another EU Member State in Bulgaria. This scientific study underlines the need for improvement of the regulation of civil transactions, in order to ensure the maximum social security of citizens and legal entities and forming of a favorable environment for their dynamic development.

Keywords

  • national security
  • legal security
  • civil aspects
  • registration
  • harmonization National Security and Civil Rights
access type Open Access

Agroterrorism - A Threat To The Agricultural Sector

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 148 - 153

Abstract

Abstract

The paper presents the problem of the threat of agroterrorist attacks. The author describes some historical facts regarding the use of biological agents against domestic animals and crops in military conflicts and terrorist attacks. He shows the main entities which can initiate attacks on the agricultural sector. In the final part of publication, the author presents the consequences of attacks on the agricultural sector in the case of countries that are the main targets of such attacks.

Keywords

  • terrorism
  • weapon of mass destruction
  • agroterrorism
  • biological pathogens
access type Open Access

Comparative Analysis Of The Components Of The Leadership Style Of The Bulgarian Cadets

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 154 - 159

Abstract

Abstract

The paper presents the results of the analysesis of the longitudinal study of the professional and social components of the leadership style of Bulgarian cadets. The research is conducted in the last three years with the cadets from all years of training in Vassil Levski National Military University during the annual complex tactical field exercise. Situational leadership theory has been used as a basis of the developed model of the cadet’s leadership building.

Keywords

  • leadership training
  • professional components
  • model
access type Open Access

How Corporate Social Responsibility Can Contribute To Growth Strategy

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 160 - 164

Abstract

Abstract

The slow growth of the economy requires an adequate response, even from companies in the hotel industry. In order to achieve an increase in turnover, they can react with a change of strategy, or cost cutting. The use of corporate social responsibility has been identified as one potential strategy of growth. Corporate social strategy is based on three traditional crucial factors that include social, economic and ecological values. The authors of this contribution analyse the possibilities to achieve an outstanding reputation of a company in the field of corporate social responsibility in order to gain the support of the public and stakeholders. They refer to the fact that corporate social responsibility is one possible way to achieve long-term profitable growth in the field of the hotel industry, even in a complex economic development.

Keywords

  • corporate social responsibility
  • growth strategy
  • hotel industry
  • strategic management
  • strategy
access type Open Access

Project Manager And His/Her Competencies

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 165 - 169

Abstract

Abstract

Competencies of a project manager are formed by a set of knowledge, skills, related experience, and ways of behaviour and attitudes. It is a way by which a project manager asserts his/her own professional knowledge to terminate a project successfully. There are different ways of a competencies division. Authors of this contribution focused on basic competencies and high performance competencies. Basic competencies of a project manager are comprehended as knowledge and skills that are indispensable for an own performance of managerial work. High performance competencies are relatively stable demonstrations of behaviour, by using them teams leaded by a project manager reach outstanding results. In contemporary entrepreneurial environment that is characterized by a high dynamics of changes, market globalization, strong competition and short time of launching technologies the basic competencies are not sufficient enough for a project manager. High performance competencies enable the project managers to manage effectively in contemporary turbulent environment. The competent project manager performs above standard, excellent performance.

Keywords

  • competence
  • basic competencies
  • generic competencies
  • project manager
  • hotel industry
access type Open Access

The Negative Impact Of Tourism In The Area Of The Bârgău Mountains Onto The Local Environment

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 170 - 178

Abstract

Abstract

Tourism as any other human activity causes a negative impact on the environment when the general rules of behaviour and management are not fully respected. Actually the growing development of tourism and the increasing number of tourists in the area, have had a negative but prominent effect on the local environment as well.

Keywords

  • impact
  • tourist planning
  • preservation
  • long-term development
access type Open Access

Having A Look Back To The Former Petrol-Based Electric Railway, Dornişoara - Tihuţa - Prundu Bârgăului

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 179 - 184

Abstract

Abstract

The former petrol-based electric railway, built during First World War originally served for the food and ammunition transport meant for the armies, which had settled down the mountain peaks nearby, today in the area of Vatra Dornei or Cârlibaba and which were guarding the passage towards Transylvania. They were often used to evacuate the wounded and for commercial purposes as well, in order to transport cereal and many other kinds of grains at the blooming 1916, all this acquired from the requisitions of Bucovina and even from the smuggling or imports of Romania, which still enjoyed neutrality by the time.

Keywords

  • railway
  • petrol-based and electric railway
  • depot
  • transport
access type Open Access

Negotiating In Cross-Cultural Contexts

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 185 - 191

Abstract

Abstract

Accentuated by globalization, the overlapping and the dissemination of values, beliefs and perceptions pertaining to different cultures have reached an unprecedented level, phenomenon which, with the contribution of new technologies and the international media, led to the creation of a new global culture. The constant movement of large masses of people with different personal goals has brought into contact individuals coming from various cultures, who found themselves in the position of trying to understand, filter and harmonize new cultural practices as well as developing skills for coping with them; due to widespread businesses spanning national borders, negotiation practitioners frequently encounter business opponents from unfamiliar cultures and resort to strategies and tactics meant to cross cultural boundaries and the obstacles of the business context. The paper is an overview of concepts and findings regarding the origin of the global culture as cultural co-existence in the international space, with an emphasis on the concepts of cross-cultural communication and cross-cultural competence, cultural variables and their impact on cross-cultural negotiations.

Keywords

  • cross-cultural communication
  • cross-cultural competence
  • cultural variables
  • cross-cultural negotiation
access type Open Access

Development Of Outsourcing Services

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 192 - 197

Abstract

Abstract

In today's world the sophistication of modern organizational processes requires the development of outsourcing services. The organization seeking to dispose of non-key services in order to increase economic activity appears as a common practice. This causes the need for cooperation between the private and public sector, which is the beginning of outsourcing. This paper studies and analyzes the development of outsourcing as a form of public - private partnership in the practice of business and in the armed forces.

Keywords

  • outsourcing services
  • development
  • cooperation
  • armed Forces
  • military service
access type Open Access

Analysis Patterns For Military Organizations

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 198 - 202

Abstract

Abstract

The need to study and the use of science and practice of knowledge management is a necessity for the military system as a major subsystem (in economic terms) of any social system. In the type of knowledge that is necessary for the state to support national interests, knowledge transformation that starts from the premises of the environment in which they operate and on which it is called upon to be decided. Knowledge is the ability to understand the present reality based on information, perceptions and evaluations, and the ability to support actions in order to shape future realities.

Keywords

  • Knowledge
  • data
  • intellectual capital
  • strategic knowledge management
access type Open Access

Multilingualism As A Significant Element To European Integration

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 203 - 207

Abstract

Abstract

Since most European nations have been built on the basis of their own languages, it can be said that the European Union is solely based on its linguistic diversity. A sense of common belonging based on linguistic and cultural diversity is undoubtedly a powerful antidote against the manifestations of fanaticism. It is not easy to define exactly or comprehensively the values that everyone should adopt in order to become a full member of the European family. The article aims to prove that the European idea is based on the inextricably linked requirements: universal moral values and cultural diversity. Multilingualism in particular is a unique and significant element to European integration.

Keywords

  • multilingualism
  • European Integration
  • European identity
access type Open Access

Perspectives On Using Theory Porter-Lawler Student Motivation Military

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 208 - 213

Abstract

Abstract

Motivational component of learning is particularly important in the military because of the accruals during undergraduate studies, will depend both on their professional future career military and results in activities to individual objectives and structure that will lead. The complexity of the current context, the military domain and society requires a detailed approach to building motives underlying motivation for military students, and using Porter-Lawler model to maximize their motivation can be very effective.

Keywords

  • motivation
  • Porter-Lawler
  • student
  • military
access type Open Access

Empathic And Assertive Communication. Efficient Communication Developments

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 214 - 217

Abstract

Abstract

We are always confronted with situations in which prevailing socially is strictly a matter of conversational technique. First, empathy and the mirroring of the other's emotional states and gestures is a must of efficient communication. Secondly, in order to prevent conflict situations one must learn to communicate assertively. Empathic communication is the ability or talent of knowing what other people feel and is essential when we want to produce or generate feedback. Assertive communication refers to the ability to express feelings and choices in a way that the self-esteem and feelings of others are not affected. A person who has these communicative competences will know to express wishes and feelings, to refuse and express opinions without offending the others, while maintaining a favorable impression and self-control.

Keywords

  • empathy
  • communication
  • assertive communication
  • active listening
access type Open Access

To Speak And To Act. Language As A Means Of Producing Social Change

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 218 - 222

Abstract

Abstract

The performativity theory starts from a critique of the descriptivist and representation a list theory of language, thus, language and word use cease to appear as mere modalities of describing the world and our connection with the environment, and become a manner of acting and of producing action. Prefigured in the Theory of Communicative Action of J.L. Austin, further analyzed by J. R. Searle and other pragmatists, the illocutionary speech acts make the distinction between the content of an expression and the action that we undertake through it. Their transformation in action is a transition from the assertion plan to the realization plan, through the explicit performative utterances (“I order you to”, “I ask you to”, “I solicit that you”).

Keywords

  • speech acts
  • performative verbs
  • locution
  • illocution
  • perlocution
  • communicative action
access type Open Access

Human Resources As Risk Factors For Lean Manufacturing Implementation

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 223 - 228

Abstract

Abstract

The purpose of lean managements is to create and determine value and eliminate all non-value added activities. The idea of lean in the current manufacturing environment is to work and produce from the customer's perspective, and therefore to define value as a variable directly depending on the consumer of the good or service. Basically, lean is concerned with creating more value with fewer resources. LM (lean manufacturing) allows organizations to prosper in the marketplace being able to price competitively or invest in the development of products for future sustainability. Reducing the amount of waste, in example defective products, increases profits resulting in greater overall efficiencies. This paper analyses the risk factors which can hinder having a successful LM within an organization. The core focus of this study lies in discussing the risk factors in regards to human resources which can hinder organizations to successfully implement LM. Through a thorough literature and study review, the paper underlines the importance of a lean organizational culture and management. The lack of alignment of these two areas with the LM implementation will result in turning them from being the strongest implementation KPIs into being the highest risk factors and barriers for the company.

Keywords

  • lean manufacturing
  • lean culture
  • lean management
  • human resources
  • waste
access type Open Access

Armed Forces Management And Employment – New Direction For Preparing Future Army Commanders Of The Czech Republic

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 229 - 232

Abstract

Abstract

The author describes the content of the new field study of “Armed forces management and employment” and specifies the reasons for its creation in the article. Next the author clarifies the graduate profile, a field of study and study goals. At the same time the location of the subject “Management of military units” is specified, as well as its content and the role in the shaping of the future of combined arms unit commander.

Keywords

  • armed forces
  • management
  • military units
  • study program
access type Open Access

The Problem Solving Management Process And The Best Practice Of The National University Of Public Service

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 233 - 242

Abstract

Abstract

It is the responsibility of the military and law enforcement leaders to solve different problems during their professional service. At the National University of Public Service the students study the main steps of the process of problem solving management. The essay leads the readers through the process of management step by step showing the best practice of the Hungarian military and law enforcement organizations. The essay pays special attention to the decision which is the main and most important step of the management process.

All of the graduating students of the National University of Public Service carry out an annual management practice – The Common Public Service Practice. The implementation of this practice following a theoretical phase is to support the practical knowledge applying the best leadership practice during solving the different situations in the real time.

The reader will gain a full insight into the problem solving management process and this experience can be successfully adapted to his own work.

Keywords

  • National University of Public Service
  • problem solving management
  • process of management steps
  • best practice of the Hungarian military and law enforcement organizations
  • management process
  • Common Public Service Practice
access type Open Access

Developing A Collaborative Model Specific To The Field Of Defence Based On The Life Cycle Of A Cluster

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 243 - 247

Abstract

Abstract

Clusters represent one of the defining elements of the Europe 2020 Strategy of the EU in terms of sustainable regional development due to the organizational structure, to the sphere of representativity and, not least, due to the economic policies adopted in this respect at the European level. The present paper presents the manner in which one can design a cluster-type collaborative model, specific for defence, using methods specific to modeling. The basis for the achievement of this conceptual model is the model of the cluster life cycle, a model analog to the life cycle of the product.

Keywords

  • Cluster
  • Cluster Life Cycle
  • modeling
  • collaborative model
access type Open Access

Opinions Regarding The Decision-Making Process For Military Logistics At Peace Time

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 248 - 252

Abstract

Abstract

During peace time military logistics is designated to ensure and maintain conditions in order for military units to fullfil their missions, objectives and tasks and comprises the following domains: supply, maintenance, movement and transportation, services (food, accomodation, equipment), medical. Logistic decision holds a central role inside management process, this has to be approached through conceptual delimitations and role, involving the existence of many alternatives in order to facilitate the efficient one. Decision is to select a subset of the set of non-dominant variants of variant decision reviewed by the decider, which must include a number of actions that formulates the problem and seeks to identify its solution. Foundation and quality of decisions prepared in an organization depend on many variables, from the level of training of manager to the structuring of authority within the organization. Analysis of potential issues that may face the organization concentrates on prospective nature, on anticipatory process of establishment of decisions, which is the central moment of each management process.

Keywords

  • organization
  • management
  • system
  • process
  • decision
access type Open Access

Professional Training Of Future Logistics Officers At National Military University Of Bulgaria

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 253 - 257

Abstract

Abstract

The specific of the officer’s military management activities lies in its functional responsibilities. The obligations and requirements determine them. The specifics of the military management activities of logistics officer are designated by the statute of military service in the Armed Forces of the Republic of Bulgaria. This article represents the proficiency of the future logistics officers at Vasil Levski National Military University, which is achieved through training in two specialties: military training in “Organization and management of tactical units for logistics” and civil training in “Business Logistics”. In the both, cadets acquire the educational and qualification degree “Bachelor”.

Keywords

  • professional training
access type Open Access

The Representation Of Terrorism In The Public Opinion – Fixing The Images In The Public Mentality

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 258 - 262

Abstract

Abstract

In the XXI century terrorism has become one of the most used terms in media, acquiring a global recognition. This is possible because of the heightened activity of various terrorist organizations in different geographical areas around the world starting from the tragic event who took place in the U.S.A. in 11.09.2001.

In addition to these issues is the desire of media to broadcast news of considerable interest to the public. Therefore one of the most suitable terms that suits both media and public requirements is terrorism.

So, mostly because of media, it seems that is possible that a person who doesn't know much about terrorism, even a sentence close to a definition of the term, knows that terrorism is a mixture of fear, politic, deaths and violence, which is true. Interesting fact is how the public is able to recognize terrorism and its form of manifestation because of media and how media generates representation of terrorism and fix them in the public mental.

Keywords

  • terrorism
  • public opinion
  • media
  • images and representation
access type Open Access

Managing Communication Campaigns During Crises According To William Thomas’s Social Theory

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 263 - 267

Abstract

Abstract

Starting from the sociological theory of William Thomas which says that when people consider a situation as real, it becomes real through the consequences it produces, in this paper we intend to analyze how that works in the case of specific situations.

We begin with the conceptual delimitations of the main terms we operate with, according to the approaches proposed by the pioneers of the American Interactionism, the promoters of this perspective. Furthermore, we intend to analyze actual cases where this theory applies in specific situations, emphasizing the individual context and the differentiated management of the communication strategy, while tracking the obtained results.

The crisis situations aimed in our study can be integrated into two main categories: those manifested at organizational level and those recorded at country level, with international consequences. Nowadays society, recognized as a knowledge based one, is dominated by abundant information, that can be structured and systematized in such ways that the created scenarios can sometimes irreversible determine the destiny of individuals, organizations or even countries. This are the key elements we want to study in this paper.

Keywords

  • crisis management
  • communication
  • situation definition
  • social image
access type Open Access

Reducing Stress At Work

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 268 - 271

Abstract

Abstract

It has been previously demonstrated that reducing stress at work means actually reducing risk of illness in life. Occupational distress is one of the most important health problems in the E.U.

In Europe, it is on the second place as regards the number of days off and cost. Occupational distress affects one out of three employees in the E.U. Over the last few years, some organizations have worked out programs designed to help all the employees physically and mentally in order to prevent problems related to stressing jobs. All these plans are trying to reduce work-related stress. This article aims at presenting some strategies to prevent and reduce stress at the organizational level and individually.

Keywords

  • stress related to work
  • strategies
  • reducing level of stress
  • occupational stress
access type Open Access

Organizational Citizenship Behaviour In Military Organization

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 272 - 276

Abstract

Abstract

This paper is intended to be, first of all a review of theoretical literature on Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) and for that, we tried to define the concept and to separate it from other similar concepts, and to analyze the dimensions of this type of behavior. Secondly, we identified the dimensions of Organizational Citizenship Behavior in military organizations, in order to see how OCB could influence the organizational performance.

Keywords

  • task performance
  • contextual performance
  • organizational citizenship behavior
  • dimensions
access type Open Access

Communication – A Key Element In The Improvement Of Social Dysfunctions In Organizations

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 277 - 282

Abstract

Abstract

People coordinate with one another, to achieve their objectives and survival, working in organizations. To obtain these things, they must cooperate, collaborate, and communicate efficiently. Not always, people understand each other, or cooperate. Many studies were made in order to improve communication between employees and minimize organizational conflicts. This article endeavors to show that through a better human communication, the managers and the employees will obtain a better conviviality, better understanding, better results and better performance. For this reason, objectives like minimizing work conflicts, fluctuation and absenteeism named social dysfunctions (DS) through a better communication process, become important for any organization in order to obtain performance.

Keywords

  • communication
  • work conflicts
  • absenteeism
  • personnel fluctuation
  • performance
access type Open Access

Internationalization: A New Challenge For Military Universities

Published Online: 24 Nov 2015
Page range: 283 - 287

Abstract

Abstract

The paper attempts to show the development within the education of military professionals in the context of new challenges. It focuses on not only the general evolution of education but also on internationalization as an important element to increase the necessary quality of military professional training. Readers can find explanation of the advantages of international terms as a common instrument that would create future possibilities for cooperation among military universities.

Keywords

  • military professionals' education
  • internationalization
  • cooperation

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