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Volume 14 (2022): Issue 1 (March 2022)

Volume 13 (2021): Issue 4 (December 2021)

Volume 13 (2021): Issue 3 (September 2021)

Volume 13 (2021): Issue 2 (June 2021)

Volume 13 (2021): Issue 1 (March 2021)

Volume 12 (2020): Issue 4 (December 2020)

Volume 12 (2020): Issue 3 (September 2020)

Volume 12 (2020): Issue 2 (June 2020)

Volume 12 (2020): Issue 1 (March 2020)

Volume 11 (2019): Issue 4 (December 2019)

Volume 11 (2019): Issue 3 (September 2019)

Volume 11 (2019): Issue 2 (June 2019)

Volume 11 (2019): Issue 1 (March 2019)

Volume 10 (2018): Issue 4 (December 2018)

Volume 10 (2018): Issue 3 (September 2018)

Volume 10 (2018): Issue 2 (June 2018)

Volume 10 (2018): Issue 1 (March 2018)

Volume 9 (2017): Issue 4 (December 2017)

Volume 9 (2017): Issue 3 (September 2017)

Volume 9 (2017): Issue 2 (June 2017)

Volume 9 (2017): Issue 1 (January 2017)

Volume 8 (2016): Issue 4 (December 2016)

Volume 8 (2016): Issue 3 (September 2016)

Volume 8 (2016): Issue 2 (June 2016)

Volume 8 (2016): Issue 1 (January 2016)

Volume 7 (2015): Issue 4 (December 2015)

Volume 7 (2015): Issue 3 (September 2015)

Volume 7 (2015): Issue 2 (June 2015)

Volume 7 (2015): Issue 1 (January 2015)

Volume 6 (2014): Issue 4-1 (December 2014)
Part I

Volume 6 (2014): Issue 4-2 (December 2014)
Part II

Volume 6 (2014): Issue 3 (September 2014)

Volume 6 (2014): Issue 2 (June 2014)

Volume 6 (2014): Issue 1 (March 2014)

Volume 5 (2013): Issue 4 (December 2013)

Volume 5 (2013): Issue 3 (September 2013)

Volume 5 (2013): Issue 2 (June 2013)

Volume 5 (2013): Issue 1 (March 2013)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2543-831X
First Published
25 Apr 2014
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 6 (2014): Issue 4-1 (December 2014)
Part I

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2543-831X
First Published
25 Apr 2014
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Search

20 Articles
Open Access

How We Do Things Around Here. The Polish-Dutch Comparison Of The University Organisational Culture

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 5 - 23

Abstract

Abstract

Analyses and international comparisons of university organisational cultures are rare or even non-existing in management studies. Our paper fills this gap, presenting the results of a pilot study conducted in two units representing a Polish and a Dutch university. The survey has been carried out on a basis of a model and a measuring tool created by the Dutch researcher Aldert P. Dreimüller. Using two dimensions of change tolerance vs. control; and internal vs. external orientation he proposed a typology of four organisational cultures: task, aim, team and process culture. Each type is described with the same set of criteria. The types identified in the course of our survey are interpreted through the lens of the national cultures of the Netherlands and Poland. However, the main result of the study, and thus the main aim of this paper, is a multi-faceted usage and test of the Dreimüller’s tool.

Keywords

  • organisational culture
  • university
  • Dreimüller
  • Poland
  • the Netherlands
Open Access

The relativity of luxury - a luxury product from a perspective of Polish and foreign consumers

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 25 - 37

Abstract

Abstract

Luxury product is a very ambiguous concept. The most commonly cited in the literature barrier to the creation of a universal definition of luxury is the relativity of the concept. The relativity of luxury nature of the product takes the form of regional, temporal, economic, cultural, situational, and also due to the individual characteristics of the consumer. It should be therefore considered how to shape the product and which marketing tools should be used, to give and keep a luxury image of it. Analysis of the literature in the field of sciences such as management, sociology, psychology or marketing clearly indicates the growing interest in both the concept of luxury as well as luxury goods. It should be noted, however, that according to the results of research on the perception of luxury, consumers from different countries, cultures show different features of the product as important from the point of view of the luxury nature of the good. The aim of article is identification of differences in the perception of luxury between consumers from different countries, representing different cultures, as well as the specifics of managing a luxury product depending on the country of its origin.

Keywords

  • luxury
  • consumer
  • relativity
Open Access

Tourism habits and preferences – comparative analysis in selected European countries

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 39 - 54

Abstract

Abstract

Tourism is an important sector of the economy, which is responsible for the development of many regions, which generates millions of jobs and allows to operate several businesses. However, it must be remembered that the motives of the trips are strongly differentiated, which translates into the existence of many types of tourism and diversification of tourism products. As a consequence, it becomes necessary to conduct permanent monitoring of attitudes, motives and consumers behaviors in order to adapt the offer to their preferences. In the article, the author, presenting the specificity of tourism shows the results of the study dedicated to selected tourist behaviors of Polish, Ukrainian and Austrian students. Even, if the limitations of the study will be accepted, it provides evidence for positive verification of the hypothesis that the significant differences between these groups exist.

Keywords

  • tourism
  • consumer behaviours
  • tourism product
Open Access

Competences Assessment and Evaluation Differences and Errors – a Case of IT Profession

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 55 - 67

Abstract

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to verify the hypothesis assuming that appraisal evaluation in companies is overestimated, especially in the case of male IT professionals. Although a valid and reliable evaluation and assessment method exists, and the Development Center method could be mentioned in this context, competences are not assessed properly enough in business. To achieve this goal, the authors analyzed a competence profile relevant to labour market regarding interns graduated from the Polish-Japanese Institute of Information Technology (P-JIIT). The authors explored the results of competence assessment conducted with the Development Center method, as well as the results of performance evaluation upon the completion of a three-month internship in the leading IT companies. The analysis of differences with respect to gender was made basing on the two sources of information on competences. It is preceded by an introduction outlining the main competence-related issues, the Development Center and the performance evaluation principles and errors, as well as the project for IT graduates carried out in the P-JIIT. The findings of the study show that in terms of the performance women in IT industry are evaluated by employers lower than men. This, however, is not the case when we take into consideration reliable scores of assessment conducted by objective assessors during the processes of Development Center.

Keywords

  • Development Center
  • performance evaluation
  • IT professional
  • evaluation errors
  • gender differences
  • Poland
Open Access

Design and design thinking in building an innovative organizational culture

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 69 - 79

Abstract

Abstract

For many companies innovations are crucial for achieving a competitive advantage. Many factors have been revealed to be determinants of company innovativeness. One is organizational culture which can support or diminish innovative attempts of employees. In recent years there is a growing interest in design and design thinking as methods of implementing innovations. Interdisciplinary, multicultural teams, fast prototyping, co-creation with users are only examples of specific methods that are being promoted by designers and design thinkers, that can significantly affect organisational culture. The objective of this paper is to analyse the impact of design and design thinking on the organizational culture. In the first part literature findings are presented. The second part shows results of the exploratory research that has been conducted among designoriented companies from Sweden and Poland. This project was qualitative study aimed to compare managers’ attitudes towards design; to look into existing processes in companies connected with design and to explore the different roles that designers play in organizations.

Keywords

  • organizational culture
  • design management
  • design thinking
  • innovations
Open Access

Expected features and the behavior of talented leaders in the three sectors of the Polish economy in context with other Central-Eastern European Countries

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 81 - 100

Abstract

Abstract

In this article the author attempts to analyze the expected features and behavior of talented leaders existing in the three sectors of the Polish economy according to presented literature the meaning of talent. The author presents confrontation between the most popular ways to explore talented individuals connected with IQ tests and a more adequate solution based on a practical approach. The in-depth diagnosis of the problems presents the basic expectations of employees towards organizational leaders in the three sectors of the Polish economy - public, private and NGO. The formulated questions in this article are appropriate for the needs of the first stage of leadership research. The conducted study shows expectations of employees from the last 23 years since the transformation of Poland and the 6 to 8 years since ISO standards were implemented in different Polish organizations and European Funds have supported Polish entrepreneurs and their personnel. In this article it also shows the results of international research about expectations of employees and future managers towards organizational leaders in different countries in Central-Eastern Europe.

Keywords

  • talent
  • leadership
  • expectations
  • sectoral and cultural differences
Open Access

Feminism – difficult conversation

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 101 - 112

Abstract

Abstract

Feminism is a conflict between the female identity and female differences. Yet, all feminist thoughts aim at protecting specific subjects - women. In its current, rather chaotic form it allows to discover, understand and learn something from women who live and work in different countries. Feminism is not monolithic. It comprises a large array of attitudes, interests and ideas. These in turn, are differently represented across countries. Women took and still take various paths in combating inequality, therefore perhaps it would be wise to refer to ‘feminisms’ instead of a singular form ‘feminism’. My goal is to present a concise summary of a particular set of meanings of this term, ones that are relatable in the broadest sense.

Keywords

  • feminism
  • philosophy of feminism
  • different approaches to feminism
Open Access

Women in the IT Management – Analysis Dimensions

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 113 - 131

Abstract

Abstract

This paper looks into statistics, classic and modern research of women in the management and of women in Information and Computer Technology (ICT) industry. The subject of women in the management, the effect on the companies and their culture and factors underlying women’s management success has been raised in the 70’s, but there was not much research into the ICT industry until 90’s, with quite significant literature in the subject in the last decade. Based on the literature and current management thinking review paper aims to indentify the factors that influence first women choice of ICT as business career and second - women success in the management. The objective is to identify a framework that will be used as a reference in author’s qualitative research into woman in the ICT management in different cultures.

Keywords

  • Women career
  • gender equality in management
  • women in management
  • women in ICT
Open Access

Perception of human capital competences for the provision of tourist services: an overview of visitors to the destination Mazatlan, Sinaloa, Mexico

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 133 - 145

Abstract

Abstract

The consolidated tourist destinations are facing a stagnation situation, preamble to decline, stay, or rejuvenate (Butler, 1980). This perspective raises the need to develop strategies at national, local and organizational levels to maintain or increase the influx, spending and tourist permanence that generates greater benefits to the destination, which implies, necessarily, having human capital possessing ability, as well as the technical and behavioral competencies sufficient to cater to these visitors. The purpose of the study is to analyze the perception of tourists regarding the competences of the human capital in lodging, food and transportation organizations in the city of Mazatlan Sinaloa. The research was conducted using a mixed methodology, being a descriptive, cross-sectional study. A questionnaire was used to develop the field work.

The human capital in the tourism sector that operates in the services of accommodation, meals and transportation in the destination of Mazatlan, has enough power from the perception of the visitors. The contribution of this research is considered relevant due to regularly surveyed tourists to learn about the satisfaction of service or from the perception of our human resources, which inferred the search for references about the state of the issue being addressed.

Keywords

  • Perception visitors
  • human capital
  • competence
  • Mazatlan tourist destination
Open Access

Leadership in the fishing cooperative in Mexico

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 147 - 157

Abstract

Abstract

The need to compete and grow encourages changes in organizations. In the fishing camps are created cooperatives, which know the reality of the environment and work with the aim of contributing to the development and progress of the fishermen and their communities. It is fundamental the role of its leaders, who have a responsibility to promote change in attitude and teamwork, to achieve personal and collective goals. This paper presents preliminary results of a larger study which main objective was to identify the type of leadership that dominates in the management of the Sinaloa fishing cooperatives. The study was conducted under the qualitative paradigm; data collection was carried out with semi-structured interviews with managers and former directives of fishing cooperatives located in central Sinaloa, complemented by the application of a questionnaire covering their socioeconomic profile.

The main findings show that managers are fishermen, cooperative members, elected by the General Assembly as the highest organ of administration, with an average age from 35 to 45 years old, with basic school grades. They know about the productive activity of artisanal fisheries and occupy the job of president of the board in periods of 2-3 years without administrative preparation to run them. Regarding the predominant style of leadership, managers of fishing cooperatives say their efforts are focused on the development of organizational tasks such as setting goals and targets for each fishing season. In relation with the development of human relationships among members of the cooperative, indicate that their main concern is the quality of mutual relations and the level of involvement of partners, and with that in mind they implement strategies for the integration and participation in the opinions and decision making for the members. With the above it is concluded that managers of fishing cooperatives are young fishermen who run the organization with little training for the development of their job and they practice predominantly a style of democratic leadership, because they promote the participation of partners in both contribution of opinions as in decision making, strengthening the trust deposited in him at the time of his election as leader.

Keywords

  • leadership
  • cooperative fisheries
  • management
Open Access

The organizational culture in the fishing cooperative society of Sinaloa

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 159 - 167

Abstract

Abstract

Organizational culture is a phenomenon that identifies members of the fishing cooperative “Peninsula Lucenilla” as part of the values, symbols, ideology, customs, language, among others. The importance of organizational culture identifies those who belong to a union, because they are hard-working, talkative, enthusiastic, responsible, and ethical people. Research aimed to analyze the organizational culture in the fishing cooperative of Sinaloa. The study was conducted with a qualitative approach; through a study case. Data collection was carried out from members of the cooperative, as well as a couple of interviews to the president. The main results of the study indicate that organizational culture in the fishing cooperative of Sinaloa is manifested in all of the activities that fishermen performed when the ban is lifted, how shrimp and other fishes are delivered. Based on that, we conclude that organizational culture identifies those who belong to an organization that represents the lifestyle of fishermen, for example; as in the case of a fishing cooperative.

Keywords

  • organizational culture
  • fishing cooperative
Open Access

Building diverse and inclusive organizational culture-best practices: A case study of Cisco Co.

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 169 - 179

Abstract

Abstract

In management theory and business practice the dealing with a diverse workforce has played a leading role in recent years. In a globalizing economy companies recognized potential benefits of a multicultural workforce and tried to create more inclusive work environments. Unfortunately many of them have been disappointed with the results they achieved. The reason for this is that too little attention has been paid for the norms, values and behaviors involved. Given the fact that diversity is essentially about cultural norms and values, appropriate reflection work becomes a fundamental task to create a truly inclusive work environment where people coming out from diverse backgrounds feel respected and recognized. The paper focus on the challenge of building an inclusive diversity culture showing that a “culture of inclusion” has to be built on solid grounds. It shed light on the process of developing such a culture in CISCO corporation which serves as an example of a good practice in this respect.

Keywords

  • good practice
  • corporate culture
  • diversity management
  • HRM
Open Access

Entrepreneurial orientation in family firms – management and intercultural development

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 181 - 190

Abstract

Abstract

This paper has taken an insight to the systemic models of family business from the open systems perspective. I focus on family business system models and on the subsystems content of family system and ownership system in family business context. The paper claim that the open system perspective on intercultural family businesses has both theoretical and empirical implications on family business research. Family businesses have many reasons, including family conflicts over money, nepotism leading to wrong management, and infighting over the succession of power from one generation to the other. Regulating the family’s roles as shareholders, board members, and managers is very important because it can help avoid these pitfalls. This paper will discuss the importance of the openness of the company through five the attributes of enduring family businesses: ownership, family, business and portfolio governance, wealth management, foundation. Dimension of attributes success have taken family business like five jewelers.

Keywords

  • entrepreneurship
  • family businesses
  • attributes of management
  • wealth management
  • portfolio governance
Open Access

Tax risks sources and consequences as a part of intercultural management at family companies

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 191 - 201

Abstract

Abstract

One of the factors determining competitiveness of the companies is an appropriate environment for running a business. Such an environment is a tax system in which companies functioning. On the one hand, it creates many possibilities of tax optimization but on the other hand exposes to a tax risk. An analysis of risk sources and effects of exhibition to tax risk was carried out in this article in the context of intercultural management. Research was conducted using 4 case studies approach and focus group interview method to develop preposition. The purpose of this study was to indicate the tax strategies that are possible to apply in family business, which will cause limitation of tax risk, as well as minimization of tax burdens.

Keywords

  • tax risk
  • family business
  • tax consequences
  • tax service
  • intercultural management
Open Access

Eco-design as a strategic way to competitiveness in global markets for furniture family-owned MSMEs

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 203 - 214

Abstract

Abstract

The furniture industry is a traditional Polish industry branch where the vast majority of firms are exactly MSMEs. Moreover the majority of them are family firms1. Their owners and managers with limited marketing budgets, more than large one, need a clear set of guidelines to compete in the global market. Environmental impacts for furniture are minor during use, and more associated with production and disposal. This paper demonstrates that using a method of eco-design and implementing ecoinnovation within the framework of a new product strategy can be successful, even though resources are limited. For the purpose of present the possible opportunities and barriers of eco-design implementation the literature study was conducted. According to the results growing concern about the environmental effects derived from furniture production and products use as well as on how they are disposed of at the end of their life cycle may in some degree determine the company market position. To compete successfully on global markets furniture family-owned MSMEs should take intent steps, and eco-trends indicate not only the most popular, but also desired by consumers direction.

Keywords

  • furniture
  • eco-design strategies
  • review
  • family business
  • MSMEs
Open Access

Socio-organizational mechanisms of institutional exclusion – a challenge for multicultural organizations

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 215 - 231

Abstract

Abstract

The article provides theoretical considerations supported by empirical results of own research on the socio-cultural determinants of mobbing/bullying at workplaces, carried out on samples of adults working in different organizations in Poland (2007/8: N = 465; 2010: N = 260). Referring to the selected elements of Berger and Luckman’s theory of social construction of reality (1966) as well as certain socio-organizational phenomena such as mobbing, organizational climate, and organizational culture, the author proposes a hypothesis that mobbing can be seen as a kind of socio-organizational sanction applied to culturally different and poorly-socialized employees. The results of own research show that mobbing behaviours are mostly experienced by non-conformist employees who do not support the objectives and organizational procedures and negatively evaluate various factors of organizational climate. Nevertheless, numerous research results [Durniat K., 2009, 2011, Grzesiuk L., 2008, Hoel H., Zapf D., Cooper CL, 2002, Høgh A., and Dofradottir EG, 2002, Einarsen S., Mikkelsen EG , 2003] clearly show that the incidence of mobbing entails a number of negative consequences for both individuals and entire organizations. The presented course of consideration is a voice in the scientific discussion which has a direct impact on practical management - about bullying/mobbing at work as a particular threat to multicultural organizations and a challenge for their managers.

Keywords

  • workplace diversity
  • organizational culture
  • organizational climate
  • cultural diversity
  • mobbing
  • secondary socialization
  • culture fit
Open Access

Barriers to New Practice Emerging

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 233 - 243

Abstract

Abstract

The article discusses the issues of barriers to creating practice from the processual perspective in management sciences. The notion of practice is a relatively important cognitive concept in the processual approach to management. It is connected with the issues of the organizational change and draws on Anthony Giddens’s concept of structuration. Management issues understood in this way are presented in the context of the specific nature of enterprises’ functioning as part of their everyday actions. This article is a theoretical and empirical analysis of the issues discussed. The goal of the research is to recognize barriers to emerging practice in an enterprise. The researcher used qualitative methods. As part of this research, a semi-structured interview was conducted in an enterprise representing the textile and clothes sector. Barriers to practice development are of processual, resource and environmental character. The most important barriers to practice creation are those which are sector-specific and environmental.

Keywords

  • barriers
  • practice
  • routines
  • actions
  • emerging practice
Open Access

Success and entrepreneurship in the eyes of Polish emigrants in the British Isles

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 245 - 262

Abstract

Abstract

This article is dedicated to the problems of success as interpreted by Polish emigrants living in the British Isles. The study begins with a presentation of selected views of success. There are then considerations of matters connected with the verification of the essence of success in terms of motivation and the values espoused in a given culture. Next is a discussion of the role and importance of the predestination of entrepreneurship as an indicator of success in the business field. A vital ingredient of those considerations was an analysis of the motives behind emigration as a phenomenon which liberates entrepreneurial actions. It is on this basis that the results are presented of the author’s own research into success a understood in terms of entrepreneurship as understood by Polish emigrants living in the British Isles.

Keywords

  • success
  • entrepreneurship
  • motivation
  • emigration
Open Access

Consumer in Sports: Fan typology analysis

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 263 - 288

Abstract

Abstract

Sport fan loyalty is important to attain within a culturally rich and global audience as loyal sport fans are unique consumers. The ability to adequately understand what motivates the sports consumer is an important requirement for sport managers. This paper proposes that a greater understanding of fandom will contribute to a better understanding of the concept of loyalty. Although there is research regarding typology of fans and loyalty, but even within sport advocates group there may be sub-categories that can explain loyalty behaviour further. This research analyses types of sport fans in different disciplines in the UK, as an example of diverse society to explore factors determining category of fans.

Keywords

  • consumer
  • sport
  • fan typology
Open Access

Personality Differences in Organisational Socialisation Tactics

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 289 - 305

Abstract

Abstract

The demographic shifts, the increased workforce mobility, and the shortage of skilled workers have led to a new thinking within human resource management. To address this issue, organisations adapt their methods towards a higher focus on their employees. The purpose of this paper is therefore the identification of organisational socialisation tactics, which are classified into the individualized socialisation strategy and the institutionalised socialisation strategy. Studies show that the institutionalised socialisation strategy causes better results in terms of newcomer adjustment than the individualized socialisation strategy. In this context, the instiutionalised socialization strategy determines that organisations consider newcomers’ personalities and demographic characteristics. The results of this paper support this argument and reveal that students in the DACH region differ in their organisational socialisation preferences. In other words, a well-structured organisational socialisation process, which considers newcomers’ personalities can lead to a competitive advantage for organisations.

Keywords

  • Organisational Socialisation
  • Socialisation Tactics
  • Institutionalised Socialisation
  • Socialisation Preferences
20 Articles
Open Access

How We Do Things Around Here. The Polish-Dutch Comparison Of The University Organisational Culture

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 5 - 23

Abstract

Abstract

Analyses and international comparisons of university organisational cultures are rare or even non-existing in management studies. Our paper fills this gap, presenting the results of a pilot study conducted in two units representing a Polish and a Dutch university. The survey has been carried out on a basis of a model and a measuring tool created by the Dutch researcher Aldert P. Dreimüller. Using two dimensions of change tolerance vs. control; and internal vs. external orientation he proposed a typology of four organisational cultures: task, aim, team and process culture. Each type is described with the same set of criteria. The types identified in the course of our survey are interpreted through the lens of the national cultures of the Netherlands and Poland. However, the main result of the study, and thus the main aim of this paper, is a multi-faceted usage and test of the Dreimüller’s tool.

Keywords

  • organisational culture
  • university
  • Dreimüller
  • Poland
  • the Netherlands
Open Access

The relativity of luxury - a luxury product from a perspective of Polish and foreign consumers

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 25 - 37

Abstract

Abstract

Luxury product is a very ambiguous concept. The most commonly cited in the literature barrier to the creation of a universal definition of luxury is the relativity of the concept. The relativity of luxury nature of the product takes the form of regional, temporal, economic, cultural, situational, and also due to the individual characteristics of the consumer. It should be therefore considered how to shape the product and which marketing tools should be used, to give and keep a luxury image of it. Analysis of the literature in the field of sciences such as management, sociology, psychology or marketing clearly indicates the growing interest in both the concept of luxury as well as luxury goods. It should be noted, however, that according to the results of research on the perception of luxury, consumers from different countries, cultures show different features of the product as important from the point of view of the luxury nature of the good. The aim of article is identification of differences in the perception of luxury between consumers from different countries, representing different cultures, as well as the specifics of managing a luxury product depending on the country of its origin.

Keywords

  • luxury
  • consumer
  • relativity
Open Access

Tourism habits and preferences – comparative analysis in selected European countries

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 39 - 54

Abstract

Abstract

Tourism is an important sector of the economy, which is responsible for the development of many regions, which generates millions of jobs and allows to operate several businesses. However, it must be remembered that the motives of the trips are strongly differentiated, which translates into the existence of many types of tourism and diversification of tourism products. As a consequence, it becomes necessary to conduct permanent monitoring of attitudes, motives and consumers behaviors in order to adapt the offer to their preferences. In the article, the author, presenting the specificity of tourism shows the results of the study dedicated to selected tourist behaviors of Polish, Ukrainian and Austrian students. Even, if the limitations of the study will be accepted, it provides evidence for positive verification of the hypothesis that the significant differences between these groups exist.

Keywords

  • tourism
  • consumer behaviours
  • tourism product
Open Access

Competences Assessment and Evaluation Differences and Errors – a Case of IT Profession

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 55 - 67

Abstract

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to verify the hypothesis assuming that appraisal evaluation in companies is overestimated, especially in the case of male IT professionals. Although a valid and reliable evaluation and assessment method exists, and the Development Center method could be mentioned in this context, competences are not assessed properly enough in business. To achieve this goal, the authors analyzed a competence profile relevant to labour market regarding interns graduated from the Polish-Japanese Institute of Information Technology (P-JIIT). The authors explored the results of competence assessment conducted with the Development Center method, as well as the results of performance evaluation upon the completion of a three-month internship in the leading IT companies. The analysis of differences with respect to gender was made basing on the two sources of information on competences. It is preceded by an introduction outlining the main competence-related issues, the Development Center and the performance evaluation principles and errors, as well as the project for IT graduates carried out in the P-JIIT. The findings of the study show that in terms of the performance women in IT industry are evaluated by employers lower than men. This, however, is not the case when we take into consideration reliable scores of assessment conducted by objective assessors during the processes of Development Center.

Keywords

  • Development Center
  • performance evaluation
  • IT professional
  • evaluation errors
  • gender differences
  • Poland
Open Access

Design and design thinking in building an innovative organizational culture

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 69 - 79

Abstract

Abstract

For many companies innovations are crucial for achieving a competitive advantage. Many factors have been revealed to be determinants of company innovativeness. One is organizational culture which can support or diminish innovative attempts of employees. In recent years there is a growing interest in design and design thinking as methods of implementing innovations. Interdisciplinary, multicultural teams, fast prototyping, co-creation with users are only examples of specific methods that are being promoted by designers and design thinkers, that can significantly affect organisational culture. The objective of this paper is to analyse the impact of design and design thinking on the organizational culture. In the first part literature findings are presented. The second part shows results of the exploratory research that has been conducted among designoriented companies from Sweden and Poland. This project was qualitative study aimed to compare managers’ attitudes towards design; to look into existing processes in companies connected with design and to explore the different roles that designers play in organizations.

Keywords

  • organizational culture
  • design management
  • design thinking
  • innovations
Open Access

Expected features and the behavior of talented leaders in the three sectors of the Polish economy in context with other Central-Eastern European Countries

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 81 - 100

Abstract

Abstract

In this article the author attempts to analyze the expected features and behavior of talented leaders existing in the three sectors of the Polish economy according to presented literature the meaning of talent. The author presents confrontation between the most popular ways to explore talented individuals connected with IQ tests and a more adequate solution based on a practical approach. The in-depth diagnosis of the problems presents the basic expectations of employees towards organizational leaders in the three sectors of the Polish economy - public, private and NGO. The formulated questions in this article are appropriate for the needs of the first stage of leadership research. The conducted study shows expectations of employees from the last 23 years since the transformation of Poland and the 6 to 8 years since ISO standards were implemented in different Polish organizations and European Funds have supported Polish entrepreneurs and their personnel. In this article it also shows the results of international research about expectations of employees and future managers towards organizational leaders in different countries in Central-Eastern Europe.

Keywords

  • talent
  • leadership
  • expectations
  • sectoral and cultural differences
Open Access

Feminism – difficult conversation

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 101 - 112

Abstract

Abstract

Feminism is a conflict between the female identity and female differences. Yet, all feminist thoughts aim at protecting specific subjects - women. In its current, rather chaotic form it allows to discover, understand and learn something from women who live and work in different countries. Feminism is not monolithic. It comprises a large array of attitudes, interests and ideas. These in turn, are differently represented across countries. Women took and still take various paths in combating inequality, therefore perhaps it would be wise to refer to ‘feminisms’ instead of a singular form ‘feminism’. My goal is to present a concise summary of a particular set of meanings of this term, ones that are relatable in the broadest sense.

Keywords

  • feminism
  • philosophy of feminism
  • different approaches to feminism
Open Access

Women in the IT Management – Analysis Dimensions

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 113 - 131

Abstract

Abstract

This paper looks into statistics, classic and modern research of women in the management and of women in Information and Computer Technology (ICT) industry. The subject of women in the management, the effect on the companies and their culture and factors underlying women’s management success has been raised in the 70’s, but there was not much research into the ICT industry until 90’s, with quite significant literature in the subject in the last decade. Based on the literature and current management thinking review paper aims to indentify the factors that influence first women choice of ICT as business career and second - women success in the management. The objective is to identify a framework that will be used as a reference in author’s qualitative research into woman in the ICT management in different cultures.

Keywords

  • Women career
  • gender equality in management
  • women in management
  • women in ICT
Open Access

Perception of human capital competences for the provision of tourist services: an overview of visitors to the destination Mazatlan, Sinaloa, Mexico

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 133 - 145

Abstract

Abstract

The consolidated tourist destinations are facing a stagnation situation, preamble to decline, stay, or rejuvenate (Butler, 1980). This perspective raises the need to develop strategies at national, local and organizational levels to maintain or increase the influx, spending and tourist permanence that generates greater benefits to the destination, which implies, necessarily, having human capital possessing ability, as well as the technical and behavioral competencies sufficient to cater to these visitors. The purpose of the study is to analyze the perception of tourists regarding the competences of the human capital in lodging, food and transportation organizations in the city of Mazatlan Sinaloa. The research was conducted using a mixed methodology, being a descriptive, cross-sectional study. A questionnaire was used to develop the field work.

The human capital in the tourism sector that operates in the services of accommodation, meals and transportation in the destination of Mazatlan, has enough power from the perception of the visitors. The contribution of this research is considered relevant due to regularly surveyed tourists to learn about the satisfaction of service or from the perception of our human resources, which inferred the search for references about the state of the issue being addressed.

Keywords

  • Perception visitors
  • human capital
  • competence
  • Mazatlan tourist destination
Open Access

Leadership in the fishing cooperative in Mexico

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 147 - 157

Abstract

Abstract

The need to compete and grow encourages changes in organizations. In the fishing camps are created cooperatives, which know the reality of the environment and work with the aim of contributing to the development and progress of the fishermen and their communities. It is fundamental the role of its leaders, who have a responsibility to promote change in attitude and teamwork, to achieve personal and collective goals. This paper presents preliminary results of a larger study which main objective was to identify the type of leadership that dominates in the management of the Sinaloa fishing cooperatives. The study was conducted under the qualitative paradigm; data collection was carried out with semi-structured interviews with managers and former directives of fishing cooperatives located in central Sinaloa, complemented by the application of a questionnaire covering their socioeconomic profile.

The main findings show that managers are fishermen, cooperative members, elected by the General Assembly as the highest organ of administration, with an average age from 35 to 45 years old, with basic school grades. They know about the productive activity of artisanal fisheries and occupy the job of president of the board in periods of 2-3 years without administrative preparation to run them. Regarding the predominant style of leadership, managers of fishing cooperatives say their efforts are focused on the development of organizational tasks such as setting goals and targets for each fishing season. In relation with the development of human relationships among members of the cooperative, indicate that their main concern is the quality of mutual relations and the level of involvement of partners, and with that in mind they implement strategies for the integration and participation in the opinions and decision making for the members. With the above it is concluded that managers of fishing cooperatives are young fishermen who run the organization with little training for the development of their job and they practice predominantly a style of democratic leadership, because they promote the participation of partners in both contribution of opinions as in decision making, strengthening the trust deposited in him at the time of his election as leader.

Keywords

  • leadership
  • cooperative fisheries
  • management
Open Access

The organizational culture in the fishing cooperative society of Sinaloa

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 159 - 167

Abstract

Abstract

Organizational culture is a phenomenon that identifies members of the fishing cooperative “Peninsula Lucenilla” as part of the values, symbols, ideology, customs, language, among others. The importance of organizational culture identifies those who belong to a union, because they are hard-working, talkative, enthusiastic, responsible, and ethical people. Research aimed to analyze the organizational culture in the fishing cooperative of Sinaloa. The study was conducted with a qualitative approach; through a study case. Data collection was carried out from members of the cooperative, as well as a couple of interviews to the president. The main results of the study indicate that organizational culture in the fishing cooperative of Sinaloa is manifested in all of the activities that fishermen performed when the ban is lifted, how shrimp and other fishes are delivered. Based on that, we conclude that organizational culture identifies those who belong to an organization that represents the lifestyle of fishermen, for example; as in the case of a fishing cooperative.

Keywords

  • organizational culture
  • fishing cooperative
Open Access

Building diverse and inclusive organizational culture-best practices: A case study of Cisco Co.

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 169 - 179

Abstract

Abstract

In management theory and business practice the dealing with a diverse workforce has played a leading role in recent years. In a globalizing economy companies recognized potential benefits of a multicultural workforce and tried to create more inclusive work environments. Unfortunately many of them have been disappointed with the results they achieved. The reason for this is that too little attention has been paid for the norms, values and behaviors involved. Given the fact that diversity is essentially about cultural norms and values, appropriate reflection work becomes a fundamental task to create a truly inclusive work environment where people coming out from diverse backgrounds feel respected and recognized. The paper focus on the challenge of building an inclusive diversity culture showing that a “culture of inclusion” has to be built on solid grounds. It shed light on the process of developing such a culture in CISCO corporation which serves as an example of a good practice in this respect.

Keywords

  • good practice
  • corporate culture
  • diversity management
  • HRM
Open Access

Entrepreneurial orientation in family firms – management and intercultural development

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 181 - 190

Abstract

Abstract

This paper has taken an insight to the systemic models of family business from the open systems perspective. I focus on family business system models and on the subsystems content of family system and ownership system in family business context. The paper claim that the open system perspective on intercultural family businesses has both theoretical and empirical implications on family business research. Family businesses have many reasons, including family conflicts over money, nepotism leading to wrong management, and infighting over the succession of power from one generation to the other. Regulating the family’s roles as shareholders, board members, and managers is very important because it can help avoid these pitfalls. This paper will discuss the importance of the openness of the company through five the attributes of enduring family businesses: ownership, family, business and portfolio governance, wealth management, foundation. Dimension of attributes success have taken family business like five jewelers.

Keywords

  • entrepreneurship
  • family businesses
  • attributes of management
  • wealth management
  • portfolio governance
Open Access

Tax risks sources and consequences as a part of intercultural management at family companies

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 191 - 201

Abstract

Abstract

One of the factors determining competitiveness of the companies is an appropriate environment for running a business. Such an environment is a tax system in which companies functioning. On the one hand, it creates many possibilities of tax optimization but on the other hand exposes to a tax risk. An analysis of risk sources and effects of exhibition to tax risk was carried out in this article in the context of intercultural management. Research was conducted using 4 case studies approach and focus group interview method to develop preposition. The purpose of this study was to indicate the tax strategies that are possible to apply in family business, which will cause limitation of tax risk, as well as minimization of tax burdens.

Keywords

  • tax risk
  • family business
  • tax consequences
  • tax service
  • intercultural management
Open Access

Eco-design as a strategic way to competitiveness in global markets for furniture family-owned MSMEs

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 203 - 214

Abstract

Abstract

The furniture industry is a traditional Polish industry branch where the vast majority of firms are exactly MSMEs. Moreover the majority of them are family firms1. Their owners and managers with limited marketing budgets, more than large one, need a clear set of guidelines to compete in the global market. Environmental impacts for furniture are minor during use, and more associated with production and disposal. This paper demonstrates that using a method of eco-design and implementing ecoinnovation within the framework of a new product strategy can be successful, even though resources are limited. For the purpose of present the possible opportunities and barriers of eco-design implementation the literature study was conducted. According to the results growing concern about the environmental effects derived from furniture production and products use as well as on how they are disposed of at the end of their life cycle may in some degree determine the company market position. To compete successfully on global markets furniture family-owned MSMEs should take intent steps, and eco-trends indicate not only the most popular, but also desired by consumers direction.

Keywords

  • furniture
  • eco-design strategies
  • review
  • family business
  • MSMEs
Open Access

Socio-organizational mechanisms of institutional exclusion – a challenge for multicultural organizations

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 215 - 231

Abstract

Abstract

The article provides theoretical considerations supported by empirical results of own research on the socio-cultural determinants of mobbing/bullying at workplaces, carried out on samples of adults working in different organizations in Poland (2007/8: N = 465; 2010: N = 260). Referring to the selected elements of Berger and Luckman’s theory of social construction of reality (1966) as well as certain socio-organizational phenomena such as mobbing, organizational climate, and organizational culture, the author proposes a hypothesis that mobbing can be seen as a kind of socio-organizational sanction applied to culturally different and poorly-socialized employees. The results of own research show that mobbing behaviours are mostly experienced by non-conformist employees who do not support the objectives and organizational procedures and negatively evaluate various factors of organizational climate. Nevertheless, numerous research results [Durniat K., 2009, 2011, Grzesiuk L., 2008, Hoel H., Zapf D., Cooper CL, 2002, Høgh A., and Dofradottir EG, 2002, Einarsen S., Mikkelsen EG , 2003] clearly show that the incidence of mobbing entails a number of negative consequences for both individuals and entire organizations. The presented course of consideration is a voice in the scientific discussion which has a direct impact on practical management - about bullying/mobbing at work as a particular threat to multicultural organizations and a challenge for their managers.

Keywords

  • workplace diversity
  • organizational culture
  • organizational climate
  • cultural diversity
  • mobbing
  • secondary socialization
  • culture fit
Open Access

Barriers to New Practice Emerging

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 233 - 243

Abstract

Abstract

The article discusses the issues of barriers to creating practice from the processual perspective in management sciences. The notion of practice is a relatively important cognitive concept in the processual approach to management. It is connected with the issues of the organizational change and draws on Anthony Giddens’s concept of structuration. Management issues understood in this way are presented in the context of the specific nature of enterprises’ functioning as part of their everyday actions. This article is a theoretical and empirical analysis of the issues discussed. The goal of the research is to recognize barriers to emerging practice in an enterprise. The researcher used qualitative methods. As part of this research, a semi-structured interview was conducted in an enterprise representing the textile and clothes sector. Barriers to practice development are of processual, resource and environmental character. The most important barriers to practice creation are those which are sector-specific and environmental.

Keywords

  • barriers
  • practice
  • routines
  • actions
  • emerging practice
Open Access

Success and entrepreneurship in the eyes of Polish emigrants in the British Isles

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 245 - 262

Abstract

Abstract

This article is dedicated to the problems of success as interpreted by Polish emigrants living in the British Isles. The study begins with a presentation of selected views of success. There are then considerations of matters connected with the verification of the essence of success in terms of motivation and the values espoused in a given culture. Next is a discussion of the role and importance of the predestination of entrepreneurship as an indicator of success in the business field. A vital ingredient of those considerations was an analysis of the motives behind emigration as a phenomenon which liberates entrepreneurial actions. It is on this basis that the results are presented of the author’s own research into success a understood in terms of entrepreneurship as understood by Polish emigrants living in the British Isles.

Keywords

  • success
  • entrepreneurship
  • motivation
  • emigration
Open Access

Consumer in Sports: Fan typology analysis

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 263 - 288

Abstract

Abstract

Sport fan loyalty is important to attain within a culturally rich and global audience as loyal sport fans are unique consumers. The ability to adequately understand what motivates the sports consumer is an important requirement for sport managers. This paper proposes that a greater understanding of fandom will contribute to a better understanding of the concept of loyalty. Although there is research regarding typology of fans and loyalty, but even within sport advocates group there may be sub-categories that can explain loyalty behaviour further. This research analyses types of sport fans in different disciplines in the UK, as an example of diverse society to explore factors determining category of fans.

Keywords

  • consumer
  • sport
  • fan typology
Open Access

Personality Differences in Organisational Socialisation Tactics

Published Online: 25 Aug 2015
Page range: 289 - 305

Abstract

Abstract

The demographic shifts, the increased workforce mobility, and the shortage of skilled workers have led to a new thinking within human resource management. To address this issue, organisations adapt their methods towards a higher focus on their employees. The purpose of this paper is therefore the identification of organisational socialisation tactics, which are classified into the individualized socialisation strategy and the institutionalised socialisation strategy. Studies show that the institutionalised socialisation strategy causes better results in terms of newcomer adjustment than the individualized socialisation strategy. In this context, the instiutionalised socialization strategy determines that organisations consider newcomers’ personalities and demographic characteristics. The results of this paper support this argument and reveal that students in the DACH region differ in their organisational socialisation preferences. In other words, a well-structured organisational socialisation process, which considers newcomers’ personalities can lead to a competitive advantage for organisations.

Keywords

  • Organisational Socialisation
  • Socialisation Tactics
  • Institutionalised Socialisation
  • Socialisation Preferences

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