Issues

Journal & Issues

Volume 14 (2022): Issue 1 (March 2022)

Volume 13 (2021): Issue 4 (December 2021)

Volume 13 (2021): Issue 3 (September 2021)

Volume 13 (2021): Issue 2 (June 2021)

Volume 13 (2021): Issue 1 (March 2021)

Volume 12 (2020): Issue 4 (December 2020)

Volume 12 (2020): Issue 3 (September 2020)

Volume 12 (2020): Issue 2 (June 2020)

Volume 12 (2020): Issue 1 (March 2020)

Volume 11 (2019): Issue 4 (December 2019)

Volume 11 (2019): Issue 3 (September 2019)

Volume 11 (2019): Issue 2 (June 2019)

Volume 11 (2019): Issue 1 (March 2019)

Volume 10 (2018): Issue 4 (December 2018)

Volume 10 (2018): Issue 3 (September 2018)

Volume 10 (2018): Issue 2 (June 2018)

Volume 10 (2018): Issue 1 (March 2018)

Volume 9 (2017): Issue 4 (December 2017)

Volume 9 (2017): Issue 3 (September 2017)

Volume 9 (2017): Issue 2 (June 2017)

Volume 9 (2017): Issue 1 (January 2017)

Volume 8 (2016): Issue 4 (December 2016)

Volume 8 (2016): Issue 3 (September 2016)

Volume 8 (2016): Issue 2 (June 2016)

Volume 8 (2016): Issue 1 (January 2016)

Volume 7 (2015): Issue 4 (December 2015)

Volume 7 (2015): Issue 3 (September 2015)

Volume 7 (2015): Issue 2 (June 2015)

Volume 7 (2015): Issue 1 (January 2015)

Volume 6 (2014): Issue 4-1 (December 2014)
Part I

Volume 6 (2014): Issue 4-2 (December 2014)
Part II

Volume 6 (2014): Issue 3 (September 2014)

Volume 6 (2014): Issue 2 (June 2014)

Volume 6 (2014): Issue 1 (March 2014)

Volume 5 (2013): Issue 4 (December 2013)

Volume 5 (2013): Issue 3 (September 2013)

Volume 5 (2013): Issue 2 (June 2013)

Volume 5 (2013): Issue 1 (March 2013)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2543-831X
First Published
25 Apr 2014
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 5 (2013): Issue 4 (December 2013)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2543-831X
First Published
25 Apr 2014
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Search

7 Articles
access type Open Access

Country-of-origin effect on manager’s competence evaluations

Published Online: 27 Mar 2014
Page range: 5 - 21

Abstract

Abstract

Functioning of multinational corporations requires international staffing decisions, which involves, among other issues, sending expatriates to foreign subsidiaries and/or hiring inpatriates in the headquarters. The evaluation of a manager’s professional competence by his/her subordinates, peers or superiors is determined, for example, by cultural stereotypes intertwined with the manager’s nationality. Such an evaluation may affect the quality of cross-cultural interactions and therefore influence effectiveness of a MNC’s staff. Thus the aim of this paper is to initially verify whether the country-of-origin of a manager may affect the perception of his/her professional competence. The analysis of this relationship is based on the literature review and the empirical findings from the authors’ research. An experiment on management students is the research method that was applied in the study. As a result, the authors attempt to examine whether there are cultural stereotypes that ascribe higher or lower managerial competence to individuals from certain countries. The analysis may also contribute to the literature and research on liability of foreignness as well as cultural stigmatization issues. The empirical findings from the pilot study suggest that the nationality of a manager may affect the evaluation of his/her competences by other people.

Keywords

  • country-of-origin effect
  • cultural barriers
  • cultural stigmatization
  • cultural stereotypes
  • international staffing
  • liability-of-foreignness
  • multinational corporations (MNCs)
access type Open Access

Lean manufacturing – results of selected implementation projects

Published Online: 27 Mar 2014
Page range: 23 - 34

Abstract

Abstract

Lean Manufacturing is a structured program whose objective is to maximize the effectiveness of the company. It is based on the practices and methods of KAIZEN / LEAN applied by the world’s best companies. The experiences from the Author led us to the conclusion that the Lean Manufacturing is based , among others, on the following concepts: - Total Productive Maintenance TPM - Single Minute Exchange Die SMED The Lean Manufacturing focuses on the systematic pursuit and elimination of waste and losses. The losses identified are analyzed, evaluated in adequate manner to the attribute processes. The result of the analysis determines where and how to intervene. In the paper has been presented the bases of Lean Manufacturing. The results of the implementation of Lean Manufacturing in different companies have been described. The main issues of Lean Manufacturing implementation have been characterized.

Keywords

  • Lean Manufacturing
  • continuous improvement
  • KAIZEN
  • implementation case study
access type Open Access

Integrated reporting as a cross-border communication tool for business - a fad or a sign of times?

Published Online: 27 Mar 2014
Page range: 35 - 47

Abstract

Abstract

A model of business communication currently used by companies, based on the financial statements and a number of satellite different themed reports, turns out to be unsatisfying towards high stakeholders’ demands for information. Stakeholders expect environmental, social and corporate governance indicators enclosed in the financial and non-financial information, in a form that provides a complete, consistent, clear, comparable and reliable picture of the corporates’ achievements. Therefore, in this article we analyze whether the Integrated Report (IR) could become a cross-border communication tool of business, which would satisfy the internal and external global environment needs. For this purpose, in the light of the differences in understanding of business responsibility for society between countries on each side of the Atlantic, the “pros” and “cons” of Integrated Reports are considered and the willingness of the business environment on this new form of communication is examined.

Keywords

  • Business communication
  • Integrated Report
  • implications of integrated reporting
access type Open Access

The use of social media in public relations in Poland and the United Kingdom – case studies from automotive industry

Published Online: 27 Mar 2014
Page range: 49 - 64

Abstract

Abstract

Current changes in technology and the role of the Internet open up new opportunities for companies both to communicate with the public and organisational functionality of its own structure. The fact that Social Media entered the business landscape, can be globally experience in the novel ways of communication, particularly between all stakeholders in organisation’s environment, but also in growing tendency in search for the new knowledge and expertise in digital environment. Organisations existing in brick-and-mortar landscape, observing ongoing and continues development of the digital technologies that ubiquitously transforming the way we perceive a role of marketing and making Public Relations more fascinating discipline in the XXI century. Becoming more exposed to the public, marketers needs to understand importance of their role in the new age of digital era but more importantly to be able to adapt to a new environment by building their digital presence with accordance to tomorrow’s reality and prevailing expectations. Every geographical region has its own unique approach in practicing public relations and building their own understanding of that concept. What is more, one also has to take into consideration the relations between corporate culture and organizational environment and it’s influence on certain managerial practices. Broadening the traditional perspective and communication by the new and growing acceptance of the dot.com era, internet is defining new rules, that continuously supported by the visionary and innovatory approach of modern organisations, not only modelling PR and marketing but companies as a whole. The aim of this article is to identify the changing trends of the new PR model that continuously evolve in the digital era and changing our way of building robust two-direction communication channel. The article presents four case studies (Poland and the UK) of social media in PR on the automotive market.

Keywords

  • Public Relations
  • social media
  • Poland
  • UK
  • automotive industry
  • car manufacturers
access type Open Access

Women in the management – cases of Turkish women progress in the it ranks

Published Online: 27 Mar 2014
Page range: 65 - 79

Abstract

Abstract

It has been observed that Turkey, contrary to the country stereotypes, has high female participation in the IT, including professional and managerial positions. As in the women participation in the IT shows big differences among world’s countries, it seems important to research the possible sources of higher women participation in the IT in some countries. Based on the pilot of in-depth interviews with Turkish IT professionals the article looks preliminary into the following subjects: 1. What economic, social and cultural factors influence females’ IT choice in Turkey? 2. What were the success factors contributing to women employment and career in the IT in Turkey? 3. What barriers for IT management career progression have been identified by Turkish women? The article also proposes approach into further research into the subject.

Keywords

  • Women career
  • gender equality in management
  • women in ICT Turkey
access type Open Access

Sergiusz Hessen (1887 – 1950) – as creative European educationalist with no homeland

Published Online: 27 Mar 2014
Page range: 81 - 92

Abstract

Abstract

This article examines the life and scientific career of the prominent European educationalist and pedagogue Sergiusz Hessen. His pedagogical heritage is examined on the base of basic primary writing and archive sources prepared in different languages. We are trying to show the contribution of the Hessen`s activity in the research methodology of multicultural societies and education, his philosophy of education, teaching knowledge, as well as in the real process of university and school education.

Keywords

  • Sergiusz Hessen
  • distinguished international educator
  • pedagogical values
  • multicultural heritage
access type Open Access

The model and role of online communication in intercultural management

Published Online: 27 Mar 2014
Page range: 93 - 103

Abstract

Abstract

Communication via the Internet, regardless use of available tools, contributed significantly in reduced time of data flow and feedback reception. This is particularly important in case of companies with a complex structure and branches around the world. Information is available here for almost „at fingertips”, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, regardless the time zone. Internet has also shortened the distance between message sender and recipient - in the form of direct information exchange (i.e. email exchange), as well as simplified the issue of indirect reach (i.e. via social networking sites or online campaigns). Although in literature of the subject many authors performed the analysis of mass communication models, but to no avail would seek for the flow chart strictly dedicated to the electronic exchange information. This article aims to present the model of online communication, drawing on best practices of mass communication and at the same time implementing components of the electronic promotion. The paper is also contributed to show the universality of such model application in the exchange of information within electronic means, which seems important in case of intercultural management.

Keywords

  • online communication
  • e-communication model
  • the Internet in multicultural management
  • cross-cultural management
  • communication
7 Articles
access type Open Access

Country-of-origin effect on manager’s competence evaluations

Published Online: 27 Mar 2014
Page range: 5 - 21

Abstract

Abstract

Functioning of multinational corporations requires international staffing decisions, which involves, among other issues, sending expatriates to foreign subsidiaries and/or hiring inpatriates in the headquarters. The evaluation of a manager’s professional competence by his/her subordinates, peers or superiors is determined, for example, by cultural stereotypes intertwined with the manager’s nationality. Such an evaluation may affect the quality of cross-cultural interactions and therefore influence effectiveness of a MNC’s staff. Thus the aim of this paper is to initially verify whether the country-of-origin of a manager may affect the perception of his/her professional competence. The analysis of this relationship is based on the literature review and the empirical findings from the authors’ research. An experiment on management students is the research method that was applied in the study. As a result, the authors attempt to examine whether there are cultural stereotypes that ascribe higher or lower managerial competence to individuals from certain countries. The analysis may also contribute to the literature and research on liability of foreignness as well as cultural stigmatization issues. The empirical findings from the pilot study suggest that the nationality of a manager may affect the evaluation of his/her competences by other people.

Keywords

  • country-of-origin effect
  • cultural barriers
  • cultural stigmatization
  • cultural stereotypes
  • international staffing
  • liability-of-foreignness
  • multinational corporations (MNCs)
access type Open Access

Lean manufacturing – results of selected implementation projects

Published Online: 27 Mar 2014
Page range: 23 - 34

Abstract

Abstract

Lean Manufacturing is a structured program whose objective is to maximize the effectiveness of the company. It is based on the practices and methods of KAIZEN / LEAN applied by the world’s best companies. The experiences from the Author led us to the conclusion that the Lean Manufacturing is based , among others, on the following concepts: - Total Productive Maintenance TPM - Single Minute Exchange Die SMED The Lean Manufacturing focuses on the systematic pursuit and elimination of waste and losses. The losses identified are analyzed, evaluated in adequate manner to the attribute processes. The result of the analysis determines where and how to intervene. In the paper has been presented the bases of Lean Manufacturing. The results of the implementation of Lean Manufacturing in different companies have been described. The main issues of Lean Manufacturing implementation have been characterized.

Keywords

  • Lean Manufacturing
  • continuous improvement
  • KAIZEN
  • implementation case study
access type Open Access

Integrated reporting as a cross-border communication tool for business - a fad or a sign of times?

Published Online: 27 Mar 2014
Page range: 35 - 47

Abstract

Abstract

A model of business communication currently used by companies, based on the financial statements and a number of satellite different themed reports, turns out to be unsatisfying towards high stakeholders’ demands for information. Stakeholders expect environmental, social and corporate governance indicators enclosed in the financial and non-financial information, in a form that provides a complete, consistent, clear, comparable and reliable picture of the corporates’ achievements. Therefore, in this article we analyze whether the Integrated Report (IR) could become a cross-border communication tool of business, which would satisfy the internal and external global environment needs. For this purpose, in the light of the differences in understanding of business responsibility for society between countries on each side of the Atlantic, the “pros” and “cons” of Integrated Reports are considered and the willingness of the business environment on this new form of communication is examined.

Keywords

  • Business communication
  • Integrated Report
  • implications of integrated reporting
access type Open Access

The use of social media in public relations in Poland and the United Kingdom – case studies from automotive industry

Published Online: 27 Mar 2014
Page range: 49 - 64

Abstract

Abstract

Current changes in technology and the role of the Internet open up new opportunities for companies both to communicate with the public and organisational functionality of its own structure. The fact that Social Media entered the business landscape, can be globally experience in the novel ways of communication, particularly between all stakeholders in organisation’s environment, but also in growing tendency in search for the new knowledge and expertise in digital environment. Organisations existing in brick-and-mortar landscape, observing ongoing and continues development of the digital technologies that ubiquitously transforming the way we perceive a role of marketing and making Public Relations more fascinating discipline in the XXI century. Becoming more exposed to the public, marketers needs to understand importance of their role in the new age of digital era but more importantly to be able to adapt to a new environment by building their digital presence with accordance to tomorrow’s reality and prevailing expectations. Every geographical region has its own unique approach in practicing public relations and building their own understanding of that concept. What is more, one also has to take into consideration the relations between corporate culture and organizational environment and it’s influence on certain managerial practices. Broadening the traditional perspective and communication by the new and growing acceptance of the dot.com era, internet is defining new rules, that continuously supported by the visionary and innovatory approach of modern organisations, not only modelling PR and marketing but companies as a whole. The aim of this article is to identify the changing trends of the new PR model that continuously evolve in the digital era and changing our way of building robust two-direction communication channel. The article presents four case studies (Poland and the UK) of social media in PR on the automotive market.

Keywords

  • Public Relations
  • social media
  • Poland
  • UK
  • automotive industry
  • car manufacturers
access type Open Access

Women in the management – cases of Turkish women progress in the it ranks

Published Online: 27 Mar 2014
Page range: 65 - 79

Abstract

Abstract

It has been observed that Turkey, contrary to the country stereotypes, has high female participation in the IT, including professional and managerial positions. As in the women participation in the IT shows big differences among world’s countries, it seems important to research the possible sources of higher women participation in the IT in some countries. Based on the pilot of in-depth interviews with Turkish IT professionals the article looks preliminary into the following subjects: 1. What economic, social and cultural factors influence females’ IT choice in Turkey? 2. What were the success factors contributing to women employment and career in the IT in Turkey? 3. What barriers for IT management career progression have been identified by Turkish women? The article also proposes approach into further research into the subject.

Keywords

  • Women career
  • gender equality in management
  • women in ICT Turkey
access type Open Access

Sergiusz Hessen (1887 – 1950) – as creative European educationalist with no homeland

Published Online: 27 Mar 2014
Page range: 81 - 92

Abstract

Abstract

This article examines the life and scientific career of the prominent European educationalist and pedagogue Sergiusz Hessen. His pedagogical heritage is examined on the base of basic primary writing and archive sources prepared in different languages. We are trying to show the contribution of the Hessen`s activity in the research methodology of multicultural societies and education, his philosophy of education, teaching knowledge, as well as in the real process of university and school education.

Keywords

  • Sergiusz Hessen
  • distinguished international educator
  • pedagogical values
  • multicultural heritage
access type Open Access

The model and role of online communication in intercultural management

Published Online: 27 Mar 2014
Page range: 93 - 103

Abstract

Abstract

Communication via the Internet, regardless use of available tools, contributed significantly in reduced time of data flow and feedback reception. This is particularly important in case of companies with a complex structure and branches around the world. Information is available here for almost „at fingertips”, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, regardless the time zone. Internet has also shortened the distance between message sender and recipient - in the form of direct information exchange (i.e. email exchange), as well as simplified the issue of indirect reach (i.e. via social networking sites or online campaigns). Although in literature of the subject many authors performed the analysis of mass communication models, but to no avail would seek for the flow chart strictly dedicated to the electronic exchange information. This article aims to present the model of online communication, drawing on best practices of mass communication and at the same time implementing components of the electronic promotion. The paper is also contributed to show the universality of such model application in the exchange of information within electronic means, which seems important in case of intercultural management.

Keywords

  • online communication
  • e-communication model
  • the Internet in multicultural management
  • cross-cultural management
  • communication

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo