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SPECIAL ISSUE: ON THE VERY IDEA OF LOGICAL FORM

Volume 12 (2020): Edition 57 (November 2020)

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Volume 11 (2019): Edition 55 (December 2019)
Special Edition: Chalmers on Virtual Reality

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Volume 11 (2019): Edition 53 (November 2019)

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Volume 10 (2018): Edition 51 (December 2018)
SYMPOSIUM ON JASON STANLEY’S “HOW PROPAGANDA WORKS”

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Book symposium on François Recanati’s Mental Files

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New Perspectives on Quine’s “Word and Object”

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XII Taller d'Investigació en Filosofia

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Petrus Hispanus 2009

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Homage to M. S. Lourenço

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Normativity and Rationality

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Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2182-2875
Première publication
16 Apr 2017
Période de publication
4 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

Volume 9 (2017): Edition 44 (May 2017)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2182-2875
Première publication
16 Apr 2017
Période de publication
4 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

9 Articles
Accès libre

Editorial

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2018
Pages: 1 - 4

Résumé

Accès libre

The Problem of the Rock and the Grammar of Consciousness

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2018
Pages: 5 - 12

Résumé

Abstract

The “Problem of the Rock” (PoR) is a famous objection to Higher-Order (HO) theories of consciousness. According to PoR, the HO theorists’ claim that a mental state is conscious iff there is a higher-order mental state about it implies that a rock is also conscious iff there is a higher-order mental state about it. In this paper I show that this argument confuses two grammatically distinct attributions of consciousness, and that if the consequent equivocation fallacy is avoided, PoR is either a straw man argument or has an unproblematic conclusion.

Mots clés

  • Consciousness
  • higher-order theories of consciousness
  • the problem of the rock
  • the generality problem
  • ambitransitivity
Accès libre

On the Plausibility of Idealism: Refuting Criticisms

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2018
Pages: 13 - 34

Résumé

Abstract

Several alternatives vie today for recognition as the most plausible ontology, from physicalism to panpsychism. By and large, these ontologies entail that physical structures circumscribe consciousness by bearing phenomenal properties within their physical boundaries. The ontology of idealism, on the other hand, entails that all physical structures are circumscribed by consciousness in that they exist solely as phenomenality in the first place. Unlike the other alternatives, however, idealism is often considered implausible today, particularly by analytic philosophers. A reason for this is the strong intuition that an objective world transcending phenomenality is a self-evident fact. Other arguments—such as the dependency of phenomenal experience on brain function, the evidence for the existence of the universe before the origin of conscious life, etc.—are also often cited. In this essay, I will argue that these objections against the plausibility of idealism are false. As such, this essay seeks to show that idealism is an entirely plausible ontology.

Mots clés

  • Idealism
  • physicalism
  • panpsychism
  • cosmopsychism
  • mind-body problem
Accès libre

Robustness and Up-to-us-ness

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2018
Pages: 35 - 57

Résumé

Abstract

Frankfurt-style cases purport to show that an agent can be morally responsible for an action despite not having any alternatives. Some critics have responded by highlighting various alternatives that remain in the cases presented, while Frankfurtians have objected that such alternatives are typically not capable of grounding responsibility. In this essay I address the recent suggestion by Seth Shabo that only alternatives associated with the ‘up to us’ locution ground moral responsibility. I distinguish a number of kinds of ability, suggest which kinds of abilities ground the truth of the ‘up to us’ locution, and outline how these distinctions apply to the indeterministic buffer cases.

Mots clés

  • Free will
  • control
  • alternative possibilities
  • Frankfurt-style cases
  • up to us
Accès libre

The Unificatory Power of Scientific Realism

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2018
Pages: 59 - 73

Résumé

Abstract

The no-miracles argument (Putnam 1975) holds that science is successful because successful theories are (approximately) true. Frost-Arnold (2010) objects that this argument is unacceptable because it generates neither new predictions nor unifications. It is similar to the unacceptable explanation that opium puts people to sleep because it has a dormative virtue. I reply that on close examination, realism explains not only why some theories are successful but also why successful theories exist in current science. Therefore, it unifies the disparate phenomena.

Mots clés

  • Naturalism
  • no-miracles argument
  • scientific realism
  • success of science
  • unification
Accès libre

Do Time-Asymmetric Laws call for Time-Asymmetric Spacetime Structure?

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2018
Pages: 75 - 98

Résumé

Abstract

Many philosophers of physics take the failure of the laws of physics to be invariant under the time reversal transformation to give us good reason to think that spacetime is temporally anisotropic, yet the details of this inference are rarely made explicit. I discuss two reasonable ways of filling in the details of this inference, the first of which utilizes a symmetry principle proposed by John Earman and the second of which utilizes Harvey Brown’s account of spacetime. I contend that neither of the resulting arguments is sound.

Mots clés

  • Philosophy of physics
  • spacetime metaphysics
  • direction of time
  • symmetries
  • laws of nature
Accès libre

Why are Events, Facts, and States of Affairs Different?

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2018
Pages: 99 - 122

Résumé

Abstract

This article claims that events, facts and states of affairs need to be differentiated. It takes as a starting point Chisholm’s (1976) claim that only his ontology of states of affairs explains effectively thirteen sentences related to propositions and events. He does this by reducing propositions and events to states of affairs. We argue that our ontology also solves those problems. We defend a hierarchized Platonist ontology that has concrete entities (objects and events) and abstract entities (properties, facts and states of affairs). The distinctions we propose allow us to explain the pre-analytic data analyzed by Chisholm without reducing entities. We claim that our ontology provides a different way of explaining that data, and is, thus, promissory.

Mots clés

  • Events
  • facts
  • states of affairs
  • ontology
  • Chisholm
Accès libre

The Metaphysics of Relations

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2018
Pages: 123 - 127

Résumé

Accès libre

Marx’s Inferno: The Political Theory of Capital

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2018
Pages: 127 - 130

Résumé

9 Articles
Accès libre

Editorial

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2018
Pages: 1 - 4

Résumé

Accès libre

The Problem of the Rock and the Grammar of Consciousness

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2018
Pages: 5 - 12

Résumé

Abstract

The “Problem of the Rock” (PoR) is a famous objection to Higher-Order (HO) theories of consciousness. According to PoR, the HO theorists’ claim that a mental state is conscious iff there is a higher-order mental state about it implies that a rock is also conscious iff there is a higher-order mental state about it. In this paper I show that this argument confuses two grammatically distinct attributions of consciousness, and that if the consequent equivocation fallacy is avoided, PoR is either a straw man argument or has an unproblematic conclusion.

Mots clés

  • Consciousness
  • higher-order theories of consciousness
  • the problem of the rock
  • the generality problem
  • ambitransitivity
Accès libre

On the Plausibility of Idealism: Refuting Criticisms

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2018
Pages: 13 - 34

Résumé

Abstract

Several alternatives vie today for recognition as the most plausible ontology, from physicalism to panpsychism. By and large, these ontologies entail that physical structures circumscribe consciousness by bearing phenomenal properties within their physical boundaries. The ontology of idealism, on the other hand, entails that all physical structures are circumscribed by consciousness in that they exist solely as phenomenality in the first place. Unlike the other alternatives, however, idealism is often considered implausible today, particularly by analytic philosophers. A reason for this is the strong intuition that an objective world transcending phenomenality is a self-evident fact. Other arguments—such as the dependency of phenomenal experience on brain function, the evidence for the existence of the universe before the origin of conscious life, etc.—are also often cited. In this essay, I will argue that these objections against the plausibility of idealism are false. As such, this essay seeks to show that idealism is an entirely plausible ontology.

Mots clés

  • Idealism
  • physicalism
  • panpsychism
  • cosmopsychism
  • mind-body problem
Accès libre

Robustness and Up-to-us-ness

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2018
Pages: 35 - 57

Résumé

Abstract

Frankfurt-style cases purport to show that an agent can be morally responsible for an action despite not having any alternatives. Some critics have responded by highlighting various alternatives that remain in the cases presented, while Frankfurtians have objected that such alternatives are typically not capable of grounding responsibility. In this essay I address the recent suggestion by Seth Shabo that only alternatives associated with the ‘up to us’ locution ground moral responsibility. I distinguish a number of kinds of ability, suggest which kinds of abilities ground the truth of the ‘up to us’ locution, and outline how these distinctions apply to the indeterministic buffer cases.

Mots clés

  • Free will
  • control
  • alternative possibilities
  • Frankfurt-style cases
  • up to us
Accès libre

The Unificatory Power of Scientific Realism

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2018
Pages: 59 - 73

Résumé

Abstract

The no-miracles argument (Putnam 1975) holds that science is successful because successful theories are (approximately) true. Frost-Arnold (2010) objects that this argument is unacceptable because it generates neither new predictions nor unifications. It is similar to the unacceptable explanation that opium puts people to sleep because it has a dormative virtue. I reply that on close examination, realism explains not only why some theories are successful but also why successful theories exist in current science. Therefore, it unifies the disparate phenomena.

Mots clés

  • Naturalism
  • no-miracles argument
  • scientific realism
  • success of science
  • unification
Accès libre

Do Time-Asymmetric Laws call for Time-Asymmetric Spacetime Structure?

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2018
Pages: 75 - 98

Résumé

Abstract

Many philosophers of physics take the failure of the laws of physics to be invariant under the time reversal transformation to give us good reason to think that spacetime is temporally anisotropic, yet the details of this inference are rarely made explicit. I discuss two reasonable ways of filling in the details of this inference, the first of which utilizes a symmetry principle proposed by John Earman and the second of which utilizes Harvey Brown’s account of spacetime. I contend that neither of the resulting arguments is sound.

Mots clés

  • Philosophy of physics
  • spacetime metaphysics
  • direction of time
  • symmetries
  • laws of nature
Accès libre

Why are Events, Facts, and States of Affairs Different?

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2018
Pages: 99 - 122

Résumé

Abstract

This article claims that events, facts and states of affairs need to be differentiated. It takes as a starting point Chisholm’s (1976) claim that only his ontology of states of affairs explains effectively thirteen sentences related to propositions and events. He does this by reducing propositions and events to states of affairs. We argue that our ontology also solves those problems. We defend a hierarchized Platonist ontology that has concrete entities (objects and events) and abstract entities (properties, facts and states of affairs). The distinctions we propose allow us to explain the pre-analytic data analyzed by Chisholm without reducing entities. We claim that our ontology provides a different way of explaining that data, and is, thus, promissory.

Mots clés

  • Events
  • facts
  • states of affairs
  • ontology
  • Chisholm
Accès libre

The Metaphysics of Relations

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2018
Pages: 123 - 127

Résumé

Accès libre

Marx’s Inferno: The Political Theory of Capital

Publié en ligne: 31 Dec 2018
Pages: 127 - 130

Résumé

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