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Children's Language and Communicative Knowledge, Part Two. In childhood and beyond, Edition Editor: Barbara Bokus

Volume 18 (2014): Edition 2 (August 2014)
Children's Language and Communicative Knowledge, Part One. In Memory of Professor Grace Wales Shugar, Edition Editor: Barbara Bokus

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Language as a Tool for Interaction, Edition Editor: Joanna Rączaszek-Leonardi

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Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2083-8506
ISSN
1234-2238
Première publication
01 Jan 1997
Période de publication
1 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

Volume 16 (2012): Edition 3 (December 2012)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2083-8506
ISSN
1234-2238
Première publication
01 Jan 1997
Période de publication
1 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

6 Articles
Accès libre

Pedestrian Representation Through the Analysis of Little Stories

Publié en ligne: 21 Dec 2012
Pages: 185 - 200

Résumé

Abstract

This research is concerned with the problem of pedestrians as vulnerable road users. It falls within the study of social representations and risk. In this study, the representation of pedestrians by both young and experienced drivers was analyzed. A questionnaire of eleven little stories was devised and used to contextualize the environment more clearly. The participants had to make up an ending for the story according to their own behavior or feelings in each situation. Multiple correspondence analysis via the categorization of the verbatim accounts reveals homogeneity in the reactions and feelings of both groups. This homogeneity reflects the importance of civil attitudes in situations of interaction since they call on the notion of “respect.” Finally, the qualitative approach of the little stories highlights the place of emotions in specific driver-pedestrian interaction contexts.

Keywords

  • social representations
  • risk
  • the questionnaire of little stories
  • young drivers
  • experienced drivers
  • pedestrians
  • feelings
Accès libre

An Exploratory Study of the Perception of Ingroup Communication Relative to Social Representation Objects

Publié en ligne: 21 Dec 2012
Pages: 201 - 211

Résumé

Abstract

Although social representations theory often assumes that communication is a condition for the existence of social representations, research rarely assesses related properties. The study aims at characterizing the perception of ingroup communication relative to topics that are potential social representation objects for a sample of Brazilian undergraduates. The participants completed single-item Likert scales assessing twelve social objects in three communication dimensions: perception of frequency of ingroup communication, perceived importance of ingroup opinion and estimated agreement with ingroup opinion. One-sample t-tests and repeated measures ANOVAs were carried out to compare the score of each topic with the dimension means and among themselves. The results showed that objects such as university course and friendship had high scores in all three dimensions and are suitable objects for basic research when communication assumptions are considered. The discussion addresses the need for preliminary characterization to assess the group-object relationship in social representations research.

Keywords

  • social representations
  • ingroup communication
  • social objects
  • group-object relationship
Accès libre

Parental Directiveness as a Predictor of Children’S Behavior at Kindergarten

Publié en ligne: 21 Dec 2012
Pages: 213 - 236

Résumé

Abstract

The research aimed to describe the differences in preschool children’s families in terms of parental influence. One of the important factors predicting a child’s behavior at kindergarten was parental directiveness. Directiveness was conceptualized as one of the acts of speech by which the speaker coaxes another to do something. Two types of directiveness were distinguished: warm-hearted directiveness and aggressive directiveness. Two hundred and four participants, parents of kindergarten children, took part in the research. Selection for the research sample was conducted according to the teacher’s representation of a child’s behavior at kindergarten (well-behaved or badly-behaved). Parents completed psychological tests measuring their level of parental control (conceptualized as teaching the child the rules of social behavior) and, finally, the level and type of directiveness (warm-hearted or aggressive). The purpose of the analysis was to discover which of the enumerated variables best explained a child’s behavior at kindergarten. Canonical correlation, discriminant analysis and data mining methods were used for the analysis. Analyses were performed with the help of the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and STATISTICA Data Miner 8 software. The results indicate that the level and type of parental directiveness is the most important factor that distinguishes children in groups, the split being due to the children’s behavior at kindergarten.

Keywords

  • warm-hearted directiveness
  • aggressive directiveness
  • parental control
  • obedience enforcement
  • parental difficulty
  • data mining
Accès libre

Narrative Identity in Late Adulthood

Publié en ligne: 21 Dec 2012
Pages: 237 - 252

Résumé

Abstract

Narrative identity is recognized as a process and viewed in dynamic terms, as an entity subject to constant changes in the course of one’s life. It is assumed that an increasing need to make changes in one’s history of life emerges in middle adulthood. A generative script is revealed, containing a plan to become part of the lives of future generations. The process of creative integration of one’s life story may gather momentum in late adulthood, when individuals explore their identity in the context of their life’s work. In order to test the above assumptions, narratives of participants aged 65-80 years who were wives/mothers/grandmothers or husbands/fathers/grandfathers during their lives were analyzed. Six main themes characteristic of life stories in late adulthood were identified, along with groups of traits, behaviors and values which participants wished to pass on to subsequent generations. The narratives clearly featured a generative motivation and the need to integrate one’s story.

Keywords

  • narrative
  • personality
  • self-narratives
  • identity
  • ego integrity
  • adulthood
Accès libre

Language and Social Change. Public Communication, Nation, and Identity

Publié en ligne: 21 Dec 2012
Pages: 253 - 267

Résumé

Abstract

Dramatic transformations in Poland after the fall of communism and the country’s thorny path to democracy provide fascinating material for reflection and study of language in its relations to politics and social change. A review of communist newspeak, followed by the breakdown of monopoly on public speaking, the beginning of the language of the opposition, finally developing into various styles of Solidarity, serve as a backdrop for an analysis of the post-communist speech developing in diverse, occasionally opposite directions, affecting all levels of linguistic reality at different speeds, with varying intensity and degree of immunity to external manipulation

Keywords

  • public communication
  • rhetoric
  • public language
  • identity
  • social change
Accès libre

Language and Identity: a Rhetorical Analysis of Palestinian-Israeli Writers’ Language

Publié en ligne: 21 Dec 2012
Pages: 269 - 281

Résumé

Abstract

Palestinian-Israeli literature is the literature of a minority that is in a state of political and cultural conflict with the Jewish majority. Thus, Palestinian literature has no clear-cut definition in Israel and is not considered part of the canon of Hebrew literature. To be considered legitimate by the Jewish majority, Palestinian-Israeli writers must disguise their political and cultural conflict with the majority culture and refrain from creating literature that is stereotyped or socially engaged. This article examines the rhetorical devices Palestinian-Israeli writers use to convey their emotions and attitudes toward the Jewish majority without expressing these overtly.

Keywords

  • Palestinian-Israeli literature
  • cultural conflict
  • rhetorical devices
  • figurative speech
  • quotations
  • parallel structure
6 Articles
Accès libre

Pedestrian Representation Through the Analysis of Little Stories

Publié en ligne: 21 Dec 2012
Pages: 185 - 200

Résumé

Abstract

This research is concerned with the problem of pedestrians as vulnerable road users. It falls within the study of social representations and risk. In this study, the representation of pedestrians by both young and experienced drivers was analyzed. A questionnaire of eleven little stories was devised and used to contextualize the environment more clearly. The participants had to make up an ending for the story according to their own behavior or feelings in each situation. Multiple correspondence analysis via the categorization of the verbatim accounts reveals homogeneity in the reactions and feelings of both groups. This homogeneity reflects the importance of civil attitudes in situations of interaction since they call on the notion of “respect.” Finally, the qualitative approach of the little stories highlights the place of emotions in specific driver-pedestrian interaction contexts.

Keywords

  • social representations
  • risk
  • the questionnaire of little stories
  • young drivers
  • experienced drivers
  • pedestrians
  • feelings
Accès libre

An Exploratory Study of the Perception of Ingroup Communication Relative to Social Representation Objects

Publié en ligne: 21 Dec 2012
Pages: 201 - 211

Résumé

Abstract

Although social representations theory often assumes that communication is a condition for the existence of social representations, research rarely assesses related properties. The study aims at characterizing the perception of ingroup communication relative to topics that are potential social representation objects for a sample of Brazilian undergraduates. The participants completed single-item Likert scales assessing twelve social objects in three communication dimensions: perception of frequency of ingroup communication, perceived importance of ingroup opinion and estimated agreement with ingroup opinion. One-sample t-tests and repeated measures ANOVAs were carried out to compare the score of each topic with the dimension means and among themselves. The results showed that objects such as university course and friendship had high scores in all three dimensions and are suitable objects for basic research when communication assumptions are considered. The discussion addresses the need for preliminary characterization to assess the group-object relationship in social representations research.

Keywords

  • social representations
  • ingroup communication
  • social objects
  • group-object relationship
Accès libre

Parental Directiveness as a Predictor of Children’S Behavior at Kindergarten

Publié en ligne: 21 Dec 2012
Pages: 213 - 236

Résumé

Abstract

The research aimed to describe the differences in preschool children’s families in terms of parental influence. One of the important factors predicting a child’s behavior at kindergarten was parental directiveness. Directiveness was conceptualized as one of the acts of speech by which the speaker coaxes another to do something. Two types of directiveness were distinguished: warm-hearted directiveness and aggressive directiveness. Two hundred and four participants, parents of kindergarten children, took part in the research. Selection for the research sample was conducted according to the teacher’s representation of a child’s behavior at kindergarten (well-behaved or badly-behaved). Parents completed psychological tests measuring their level of parental control (conceptualized as teaching the child the rules of social behavior) and, finally, the level and type of directiveness (warm-hearted or aggressive). The purpose of the analysis was to discover which of the enumerated variables best explained a child’s behavior at kindergarten. Canonical correlation, discriminant analysis and data mining methods were used for the analysis. Analyses were performed with the help of the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and STATISTICA Data Miner 8 software. The results indicate that the level and type of parental directiveness is the most important factor that distinguishes children in groups, the split being due to the children’s behavior at kindergarten.

Keywords

  • warm-hearted directiveness
  • aggressive directiveness
  • parental control
  • obedience enforcement
  • parental difficulty
  • data mining
Accès libre

Narrative Identity in Late Adulthood

Publié en ligne: 21 Dec 2012
Pages: 237 - 252

Résumé

Abstract

Narrative identity is recognized as a process and viewed in dynamic terms, as an entity subject to constant changes in the course of one’s life. It is assumed that an increasing need to make changes in one’s history of life emerges in middle adulthood. A generative script is revealed, containing a plan to become part of the lives of future generations. The process of creative integration of one’s life story may gather momentum in late adulthood, when individuals explore their identity in the context of their life’s work. In order to test the above assumptions, narratives of participants aged 65-80 years who were wives/mothers/grandmothers or husbands/fathers/grandfathers during their lives were analyzed. Six main themes characteristic of life stories in late adulthood were identified, along with groups of traits, behaviors and values which participants wished to pass on to subsequent generations. The narratives clearly featured a generative motivation and the need to integrate one’s story.

Keywords

  • narrative
  • personality
  • self-narratives
  • identity
  • ego integrity
  • adulthood
Accès libre

Language and Social Change. Public Communication, Nation, and Identity

Publié en ligne: 21 Dec 2012
Pages: 253 - 267

Résumé

Abstract

Dramatic transformations in Poland after the fall of communism and the country’s thorny path to democracy provide fascinating material for reflection and study of language in its relations to politics and social change. A review of communist newspeak, followed by the breakdown of monopoly on public speaking, the beginning of the language of the opposition, finally developing into various styles of Solidarity, serve as a backdrop for an analysis of the post-communist speech developing in diverse, occasionally opposite directions, affecting all levels of linguistic reality at different speeds, with varying intensity and degree of immunity to external manipulation

Keywords

  • public communication
  • rhetoric
  • public language
  • identity
  • social change
Accès libre

Language and Identity: a Rhetorical Analysis of Palestinian-Israeli Writers’ Language

Publié en ligne: 21 Dec 2012
Pages: 269 - 281

Résumé

Abstract

Palestinian-Israeli literature is the literature of a minority that is in a state of political and cultural conflict with the Jewish majority. Thus, Palestinian literature has no clear-cut definition in Israel and is not considered part of the canon of Hebrew literature. To be considered legitimate by the Jewish majority, Palestinian-Israeli writers must disguise their political and cultural conflict with the majority culture and refrain from creating literature that is stereotyped or socially engaged. This article examines the rhetorical devices Palestinian-Israeli writers use to convey their emotions and attitudes toward the Jewish majority without expressing these overtly.

Keywords

  • Palestinian-Israeli literature
  • cultural conflict
  • rhetorical devices
  • figurative speech
  • quotations
  • parallel structure

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