Zeitschriften und Ausgaben

Volumen 14 (2022): Heft 64 (May 2022)

Volumen 13 (2021): Heft 61 (November 2021)

Volumen 13 (2021): Heft 60 (May 2021)

Volumen 12 (2020): Heft 59 (December 2020)

Volumen 12 (2020): Heft 58 (December 2020)
SPECIAL ISSUE: ON THE VERY IDEA OF LOGICAL FORM

Volumen 12 (2020): Heft 57 (November 2020)

Volumen 12 (2020): Heft 56 (May 2020)

Volumen 11 (2019): Heft 55 (December 2019)
Special Heft: Chalmers on Virtual Reality

Volumen 11 (2019): Heft 54 (December 2019)
Special Heft: III Blasco Disputatio, Singular terms in fiction. Fictional and “real” names

Volumen 11 (2019): Heft 53 (November 2019)

Volumen 11 (2019): Heft 52 (May 2019)

Volumen 10 (2018): Heft 51 (December 2018)
SYMPOSIUM ON JASON STANLEY’S “HOW PROPAGANDA WORKS”

Volumen 10 (2018): Heft 50 (December 2018)

Volumen 10 (2018): Heft 49 (November 2018)

Volumen 10 (2018): Heft 48 (May 2018)

Volumen 9 (2017): Heft 47 (December 2017)

Volumen 9 (2017): Heft 46 (November 2017)

Volumen 9 (2017): Heft 45 (October 2017)

Volumen 9 (2017): Heft 44 (May 2017)

Volumen 8 (2016): Heft 43 (November 2016)

Volumen 8 (2016): Heft 42 (May 2016)

Volumen 7 (2015): Heft 41 (November 2015)

Volumen 7 (2015): Heft 40 (May 2015)

Volumen 6 (2014): Heft 39 (November 2014)

Volumen 6 (2014): Heft 38 (May 2014)

Volumen 5 (2013): Heft 37 (November 2013)

Volumen 5 (2013): Heft 36 (October 2013)
Book symposium on François Recanati’s Mental Files

Volumen 5 (2013): Heft 35 (May 2013)

Volumen 4 (2012): Heft 34 (December 2012)

Volumen 4 (2012): Heft 33 (November 2012)

Volumen 4 (2012): Heft 32 (May 2012)
New Perspectives on Quine’s “Word and Object”

Volumen 4 (2011): Heft 31 (November 2011)

Volumen 4 (2011): Heft 30 (May 2011)
XII Taller d'Investigació en Filosofia

Volumen 4 (2010): Heft 29 (November 2010)
Petrus Hispanus 2009

Volumen 3 (2010): Heft 28 (May 2010)

Volumen 3 (2009): Heft 27 (November 2009)
Homage to M. S. Lourenço

Volumen 3 (2009): Heft 26 (May 2009)

Volumen 3 (2008): Heft 25 (November 2008)

Volumen 2 (2008): Heft 24 (May 2008)

Volumen 2 (2007): Heft 23 (November 2007)
Normativity and Rationality

Volumen 2 (2007): Heft 22 (May 2007)

Volumen 2 (2006): Heft 21 (November 2006)

Volumen 1 (2006): Heft 20 (May 2006)

Volumen 1 (2005): Heft 19 (November 2005)

Volumen 1 (2005): Heft 18 (May 2005)

Volumen 1 (2004): Heft 17 (November 2004)

Volumen 1 (2004): Heft 16 (May 2004)

Volumen 1 (2003): Heft 15 (November 2003)

Volumen 1 (2003): Heft 14 (May 2003)

Volumen 1 (2002): Heft 13 (November 2002)

Volumen 1 (2001): Heft 11 (November 2001)

Volumen 1 (2002): Heft 11-12 (May 2002)

Volumen 1 (2001): Heft 10 (May 2001)

Volumen 1 (2000): Heft 9 (November 2000)

Volumen 1 (2000): Heft 8 (May 2000)

Volumen 1 (1999): Heft 7 (November 1999)

Volumen 1 (1999): Heft 6 (May 1999)

Volumen 1 (1998): Heft 4 (May 1998)

Volumen 1 (1997): Heft 3 (November 1997)

Volumen 1 (1998): Heft s2 (November 1998)
Special Heft: Petrus Hispanus Lectures 1998: o Mental e o Físico, Guest Editors: Joao Branquinho; M. S. Lourenço

Volumen 1 (1997): Heft 2 (May 1997)

Volumen 1 (1996): Heft 1 (December 1996)

Volumen 1 (1998): Heft s1 (June 1998)
Special Heft: Language, Logic and Mind Forum, Guest Editors: Joao Branquinho; M. S. Lourenço

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2182-2875
Erstveröffentlichung
16 Apr 2017
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

Volumen 12 (2020): Heft 59 (December 2020)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2182-2875
Erstveröffentlichung
16 Apr 2017
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

5 Artikel
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Proportionality Argument and the Problem of Widespread Causal Overdetermination

Online veröffentlicht: 13 Mar 2021
Seitenbereich: 331 - 355

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The consensus is that repeatable artworks cannot be identified with particular material individuals. A perennial temptation is to identify them with types, broadly construed. Such identification, however, faces the so-called “Creation Problem.” This problem stems from the fact that, on the one hand, it seems reasonable to accept the claims that (1) repeatable artworks are types, (2) types cannot be created, and (3) repeatable artworks are created, but, on the other hand, these claims are mutually inconsistent. A possible solution to the Creation Problem is to argue that claim (2) can be rejected because (a) the only motivation for it is that a type, being abstract, cannot stand in causal relations, but (b) this motivation is ungrounded, since types can, in fact, stand in such relations. Clearly, in order for this solution to be successful, it is necessary to substantiate the possibility of types to be causally efficacious. In this essay, I examine an attempt to do this with the help of Yablo’s principle of proportionality, which has been undertaken by Walters (2013) and, more recently, Juvshik (2018). Although the argument they advance may seem to provide strong support for the causal efficacy of types, I think it actually fails to do this. To explain why this is so, I first show that this argument commits us to the existence of widespread causal overdetermination involving types and then argue that this commitment is both epistemically and ontologically problematic.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Ontology of artworks
  • creation problem
  • causal efficacy of types
  • principle of proportionality
  • causal overdetermination
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Minding Strangers’ Business

Online veröffentlicht: 13 Mar 2021
Seitenbereich: 357 - 370

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

When should we interfere in the course of a stranger’s life? While philosophers have discussed at length extreme cases of assisting poor people in famine stricken countries, much less attention has been given to casual, everyday episodes. If I overhear two people discussing a place they are about to visit, and know that it is closed for renovation, should I interfere and tell them so? If I stand next to a customer who has not been given enough change in the supermarket, should I point that out or mind my own business? Using the Kantian notions of love and respect, I answer such questions. I claim that Kant’s terminology is ill-suited for instructing us how to deal with others with whom we are personally involved, but is important for our encounters with strangers. I suggest that we take seriously Kant’s claim that we are “united in one dwelling place”. When around others, keep an open eye to the possibility that they might need help. If there is good reason to suppose that you may help, knock on their door. Let them decide whether they want to open it. They are totally entitled to decline the offer, but should keep in mind that it was given as part of the joint venture of living together with others. The interference should therefore not be regarded as an infringement of privacy.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Interference
  • strangers
  • respect
  • gratitude
  • ethics
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Blame and Fault: Toward a New Conative Theory of Blame

Online veröffentlicht: 13 Mar 2021
Seitenbereich: 371 - 394

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper outlines a new conative theory of blame. I argue that the best-known conative approaches to blame (Scanlon 1998, 2008, Sher 2006a) misrepresent the cognitive and dispositional components of blame. Section 1 argues, against Scanlon and Sher, that blaming involves the judgment that an act or state is the fault of the blamed. I also propose an alternative dispositional condition on which blaming only occurs if it matters to the blamer whether the blamed gets the punishment that she deserves. In Section 2, I discuss objections to judgment-based accounts of blame (that they cannot tell the difference between blaming and judging to be blameworthy, that they cannot explain why blame is often accompanied by emotion, and that they cannot make sense of irrational blame), and I argue that my proposal can handle all of them.

Schlüsselwörter

  • blame
  • conative theory
  • fault-judgments
  • irrational blame
  • punishment
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Two Informational Theories of Memory: a case from Memory-Conjunction Errors

Online veröffentlicht: 13 Mar 2021
Seitenbereich: 395 - 431

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The causal and simulation theories are often presented as very distinct views about declarative memory, their major difference lying on the causal condition. The causal theory states that remembering involves an accurate representation causally connected to an earlier experience (the causal condition). In the simulation theory, remembering involves an accurate representation generated by a reliable memory process (no causal condition). I investigate how to construe detailed versions of these theories that correctly classify memory errors (DRM, “lost in the mall”, and memory-conjunction errors) as misremembering or confabulation. Neither causalists nor simulationists have paid attention to memory-conjunction errors, which is unfortunate because both theories have problems with these cases. The source of the difficulty is the background assumption that an act of remembering has one (and only one) target. I fix these theories for those cases. The resulting versions are closely related when implemented using tools of information theory, differing only on how memory transmits information about the past. The implementation provides us with insights about the distinction between confabulatory and non-confabulatory memory, where memory-conjunction errors have a privileged position.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Episodic memory
  • memory-conjunction errors
  • causal theory of memory
  • simulation theory of memory
  • information theory
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Early Modern Origins of Pragmatism

Online veröffentlicht: 13 Mar 2021
Seitenbereich: 433 - 456

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper considers the alleged pragmatism of Berkeley’s philosophy using the two Sellarsian categories of ‘manifest’ and ‘scientific’ images of the world and human beings. The ‘manifest’ image is regarded as a refinement of the ordinary way of conceiving things, and the scientific image is seen as a theoretical picture of the world provided by science. The paper argues that the so-called Berkeleian pragmatism was an effect of Berkeley’s work towards a synthesis of ‘manifest’ and ‘scientific’ images through the creation of one unified synoptic vision of the world and was a part of a new conceptual framework within which these two images could be combined.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Berkeley
  • James
  • Peirce
  • pragmatism
  • representationalism
5 Artikel
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Proportionality Argument and the Problem of Widespread Causal Overdetermination

Online veröffentlicht: 13 Mar 2021
Seitenbereich: 331 - 355

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The consensus is that repeatable artworks cannot be identified with particular material individuals. A perennial temptation is to identify them with types, broadly construed. Such identification, however, faces the so-called “Creation Problem.” This problem stems from the fact that, on the one hand, it seems reasonable to accept the claims that (1) repeatable artworks are types, (2) types cannot be created, and (3) repeatable artworks are created, but, on the other hand, these claims are mutually inconsistent. A possible solution to the Creation Problem is to argue that claim (2) can be rejected because (a) the only motivation for it is that a type, being abstract, cannot stand in causal relations, but (b) this motivation is ungrounded, since types can, in fact, stand in such relations. Clearly, in order for this solution to be successful, it is necessary to substantiate the possibility of types to be causally efficacious. In this essay, I examine an attempt to do this with the help of Yablo’s principle of proportionality, which has been undertaken by Walters (2013) and, more recently, Juvshik (2018). Although the argument they advance may seem to provide strong support for the causal efficacy of types, I think it actually fails to do this. To explain why this is so, I first show that this argument commits us to the existence of widespread causal overdetermination involving types and then argue that this commitment is both epistemically and ontologically problematic.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Ontology of artworks
  • creation problem
  • causal efficacy of types
  • principle of proportionality
  • causal overdetermination
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Minding Strangers’ Business

Online veröffentlicht: 13 Mar 2021
Seitenbereich: 357 - 370

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

When should we interfere in the course of a stranger’s life? While philosophers have discussed at length extreme cases of assisting poor people in famine stricken countries, much less attention has been given to casual, everyday episodes. If I overhear two people discussing a place they are about to visit, and know that it is closed for renovation, should I interfere and tell them so? If I stand next to a customer who has not been given enough change in the supermarket, should I point that out or mind my own business? Using the Kantian notions of love and respect, I answer such questions. I claim that Kant’s terminology is ill-suited for instructing us how to deal with others with whom we are personally involved, but is important for our encounters with strangers. I suggest that we take seriously Kant’s claim that we are “united in one dwelling place”. When around others, keep an open eye to the possibility that they might need help. If there is good reason to suppose that you may help, knock on their door. Let them decide whether they want to open it. They are totally entitled to decline the offer, but should keep in mind that it was given as part of the joint venture of living together with others. The interference should therefore not be regarded as an infringement of privacy.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Interference
  • strangers
  • respect
  • gratitude
  • ethics
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Blame and Fault: Toward a New Conative Theory of Blame

Online veröffentlicht: 13 Mar 2021
Seitenbereich: 371 - 394

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper outlines a new conative theory of blame. I argue that the best-known conative approaches to blame (Scanlon 1998, 2008, Sher 2006a) misrepresent the cognitive and dispositional components of blame. Section 1 argues, against Scanlon and Sher, that blaming involves the judgment that an act or state is the fault of the blamed. I also propose an alternative dispositional condition on which blaming only occurs if it matters to the blamer whether the blamed gets the punishment that she deserves. In Section 2, I discuss objections to judgment-based accounts of blame (that they cannot tell the difference between blaming and judging to be blameworthy, that they cannot explain why blame is often accompanied by emotion, and that they cannot make sense of irrational blame), and I argue that my proposal can handle all of them.

Schlüsselwörter

  • blame
  • conative theory
  • fault-judgments
  • irrational blame
  • punishment
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Two Informational Theories of Memory: a case from Memory-Conjunction Errors

Online veröffentlicht: 13 Mar 2021
Seitenbereich: 395 - 431

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The causal and simulation theories are often presented as very distinct views about declarative memory, their major difference lying on the causal condition. The causal theory states that remembering involves an accurate representation causally connected to an earlier experience (the causal condition). In the simulation theory, remembering involves an accurate representation generated by a reliable memory process (no causal condition). I investigate how to construe detailed versions of these theories that correctly classify memory errors (DRM, “lost in the mall”, and memory-conjunction errors) as misremembering or confabulation. Neither causalists nor simulationists have paid attention to memory-conjunction errors, which is unfortunate because both theories have problems with these cases. The source of the difficulty is the background assumption that an act of remembering has one (and only one) target. I fix these theories for those cases. The resulting versions are closely related when implemented using tools of information theory, differing only on how memory transmits information about the past. The implementation provides us with insights about the distinction between confabulatory and non-confabulatory memory, where memory-conjunction errors have a privileged position.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Episodic memory
  • memory-conjunction errors
  • causal theory of memory
  • simulation theory of memory
  • information theory
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Early Modern Origins of Pragmatism

Online veröffentlicht: 13 Mar 2021
Seitenbereich: 433 - 456

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper considers the alleged pragmatism of Berkeley’s philosophy using the two Sellarsian categories of ‘manifest’ and ‘scientific’ images of the world and human beings. The ‘manifest’ image is regarded as a refinement of the ordinary way of conceiving things, and the scientific image is seen as a theoretical picture of the world provided by science. The paper argues that the so-called Berkeleian pragmatism was an effect of Berkeley’s work towards a synthesis of ‘manifest’ and ‘scientific’ images through the creation of one unified synoptic vision of the world and was a part of a new conceptual framework within which these two images could be combined.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Berkeley
  • James
  • Peirce
  • pragmatism
  • representationalism

Planen Sie Ihre Fernkonferenz mit Scienceendo