Zeszyty czasopisma

Tom 20 (2022): Zeszyt 5 (December 2022)
Doctoral Supplement. Postgraduate Research in Contemporary Evangelical Higher Education: Academic Perspectives on Variegated Theological and Historical Topics. Zeszyt Editor: Marcel V. Măcelaru

Tom 20 (2022): Zeszyt 4 (December 2022)
Miscellaneous Theological Investigations. From Economy, Literature, and Hermeneutics to Christology, Exegesis, and Typology. Zeszyt Editor: Corneliu C. Simuț

Tom 20 (2022): Zeszyt 3 (July 2022)
A Multi-Angle Examination of C. S. Lewis's Till We Have Faces. Theological, Philosophical, Ethical, and Literary Insights from one of Lewis's Greatest Novels. Zeszyt Editor: Zachary Breitenbach

Tom 20 (2022): Zeszyt 2 (June 2022)
Reform according to Right Law: the Use of Legal Tradition in Reformation Theology. Zeszyt Editor: André A. Gazal

Tom 20 (2022): Zeszyt 1 (March 2022)
Confessing the Trinity. The Trinitarianism of Particular Baptists, 1640s-1840s. Zeszyt Editor: Michael A. G. Haykin

Tom 19 (2021): Zeszyt 4 (December 2021)
Miscellaneous Theological Studies: Biblical, Apologetic, Historical, Patristic, Theodicean, and Systematic. Zeszyt Editor: Corneliu C. Simuţ

Tom 19 (2021): Zeszyt 3 (July 2021)
Islam and Islamism. The Challenge for Modern Liberal Democracies. Zeszyt Editors: Raphael Lataster, Rumy Hasan

Tom 19 (2021): Zeszyt 2 (June 2021)
Fundamental Aspects of Christological Anthropology: Theological and Philosophical Perspectives in Contemporary Debates. Editor: Christopher G. Woznicki

Tom 19 (2021): Zeszyt 1 (March 2021)
Revivalism in Central European Protestantism, 1840-1940: Hungarian Calvinists, British Evangelicals & German-Austrian Pietists during the Spiritual Renewal of Protestant Churches in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Editor: Ábraham Kovács

Tom 18 (2020): Zeszyt 6 (December 2020)
The Catholic Reformation. Ecclesiology, Justification, Freedom, Sin, Grace & the Council of Trent. Editor: Eduardo J. Echeverria

Tom 18 (2020): Zeszyt 5 (October 2020)
Roman Catholic, Reformed Catholic and Evangelical Protestant. Reformation Zeszyts Five Hundred Years Later. Editor: Zeszyt editor: Joshua R. Farris

Tom 18 (2020): Zeszyt 4 (August 2020)
Zeszyt 4 (Aug 2020): From Paris to Tortosa, via Barcelona (1240-1413), Characters, Zeszyts and Problems in Medieval Jewish-Christian Disputations. Editor: Francesco Bianchi

Tom 18 (2020): Zeszyt 3 (July 2020)
In the Footsteps of the Divine Artist. On the Religious and Spiritual Dimension in Art. Editors: Wessel Stoker and Frank G. Bosman

Tom 18 (2020): Zeszyt 2 (June 2020)
De Corpore – ‘On the Body’ through the History of Idea, Views of the Body in Philosophy, Literature and Religion. Editor: Ramona Simuț

Tom 18 (2020): Zeszyt 1 (March 2020)
Baptist and Reformed Theologies of Vision and Deification (2). Constructive Zeszyts in Contemporary Research. Editors: Joshua R. Farris and Ryan A. Brandt

Tom 17 (2019): Zeszyt 4 (December 2019)
Patristic Thought in Byzantine and Protestant Theology. From Gregory Palamas and George Pachymeres to Luther, Calvin, Anglicans, and Anabaptists. Editor: Andre A. Gazal

Tom 17 (2019): Zeszyt 3 (July 2019)
Contemporary Evangelicals on Carl F. H. Henry’s Theology. From Philosophy, Evangelism, and Apologetics to Education, History, and Practice. Editor: Robert W. Talley

Tom 17 (2019): Zeszyt 2 (June 2019)
Baptist and Reformed Theologies of Vision and Deification. Editors: Joshua R. Farris and Ryan A. Brandt

Tom 17 (2019): Zeszyt s2 (July 2019)
Single Author Supplement 2: The Background and Nature of the Dissensions in 1 Corinthians 1-4. Apollos' Role and Paul's Response. Author: Corin Mihăilă

Tom 17 (2019): Zeszyt 1 (March 2019)
The Father, Son, and Spirit in Early Christian Theology, Second Century Examples. Editor: Paul A. Hartog

Tom 17 (2019): Zeszyt s1 (January 2019)
Single Author Supplement 1: Theological Patterns in Reformation Thought. English, American, and Scottish Protestants on Christ, Revival, and the Covenant. Author: Dinu Moga

Tom 16 (2018): Zeszyt 4 (December 2018)
Tome huitième: Celebrating 500 Years since the Reformation, 1518-2018. Contemporary Perspectives on History and Theology in British Baptist Thought. Scottish and English Baptists on Salvation, Politics, and the End of Times. Zeszyt editor: Alasdair Black

Tom 16 (2018): Zeszyt 3 (July 2018)
Tome septieme: Celebrating 500 Years since the Reformation, 1518-2018. Teaching Leaders, Leading Teachers. Biblical and Historical Perspectives on Education and Leadership: Jeffrey M. Horner Zeszyt editor: Jeffrey M. Horner

Tom 16 (2018): Zeszyt 2 (June 2018)
Tome sixième: Celebrating 500 Years since the Reformation, 1518-2018. Contemporary Perspectives on Molinism. Theories, Responses to Objections, and Applications, Zeszyt editor: Kirk R. MacGregor

Tom 16 (2018): Zeszyt 1 (April 2018)
Tome cinquième: Celebrating 500 Years since the Reformation, 1518-2018. Insights into Contemporary Baptist Thought. Perspectives on European Baptist Theology and History, Zeszyt editor: Toivo Pilli

Tom 15 (2017): Zeszyt 4 (December 2017)
Special Zeszyt: Tome quatrieme: Celebrating 500 Years since the Reformation, 1517-2017. Investigating the Magisterial Reformation and Its Radical Contenders. Contemporary Evangelicals on Reformation Research: from Lutheranism and Zwinglianism to Anabaptism and Baptism, Zeszyt Editor: Marvin Jones

Tom 15 (2017): Zeszyt 3 (October 2017)
Special Zeszyt: Tome troisième: Celebrating 500 Years since the Reformation, 1517-2017. Theologizing about Spirituality, Pedagogy, and Soteriology. Miscellanea Antiqua, Medievalia, Reformatorica & Moderna by Corneliu Simuț

Tom 15 (2017): Zeszyt 2 (July 2017)
Special Zeszyt: : Celebrating 500 Years since the Reformation, 1517-2017. ‘On the Soul’ through the History of Ideas. Views of the Soul in Philosophy, Literature & Relivion by Ramona Simuț

Tom 15 (2017): Zeszyt 1 (May 2017)
Zeszyt title: Tome premier: Celebrating 500 Years since the Reformation: 1517-2017. Anthologizing History, the Bible, and Theology. Miscellanea Celtica, Humanistica & Reformatorica by Thomas O’Loughlin and Corneliu C. Simuț

Tom 14 (2016): Zeszyt 3 (December 2016)
Avant-Premiere: Celebrating 500 Years since the Reformation, 1517-2017. Contemporary Perspectives on Reformed Orthodoxy. Reformed Confessions, Scholastic Thought, and Puritan Divinity in Post-Reformation Protestantism, Zeszyt Editors: Gijsbert van den Brink, Aza Goudriaan

Tom 14 (2016): Zeszyt 2 (October 2016)
Transformative Poetry and Its Role in Catholic Theology. Dutch Contributions to Contemporary Catholic Research. Zeszyt Editors: Archibald L. H. M. van Wieringen, Marcel Sarot. Translator: Brian Heffernan

Tom 14 (2016): Zeszyt 1 (June 2016)
African Hermeneutics in the Twenty-First Century. Social History and Indigenous Theologies in Contemporary African Research. Zeszyt Editor: Zorodzai Dube

Tom 13 (2015): Zeszyt 2 (October 2015)
Zeszyt title: The Long History of Lutheranism in Scandinavia. Contemporary Voices in Finnish Historical Research. Zeszyt Editor: Pirjo Markkola

Tom 13 (2015): Zeszyt 1 (June 2015)
Zeszyt Title: The Value of Controversy. Defining Early Modern Religion through Ritual and Writing. Zeszyt Editor: Angela Ranson

Tom 12 (2014): Zeszyt 2 (October 2014)
Special issue title: Exploring the Contours of Patristic Thought. Studies on Exegesis, Christology, and Soteriology in the Early Church

Tom 12 (2014): Zeszyt 1 (June 2014)
Established and Emerging Voices in Richard Hooker Research, Zeszyt Editor: Paul A. Dominiak

Tom 11 (2013): Zeszyt 2 (December 2013)

Tom 11 (2013): Zeszyt 1 (June 2013)

Tom 10 (2012): Zeszyt 2 (June 2012)

Tom 10 (2012): Zeszyt 1 (January 2012)

Informacje o czasopiśmie
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
2284-7308
Pierwsze wydanie
20 Sep 2012
Częstotliwość wydawania
3 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski

Wyszukiwanie

Tom 17 (2019): Zeszyt 4 (December 2019)
Patristic Thought in Byzantine and Protestant Theology. From Gregory Palamas and George Pachymeres to Luther, Calvin, Anglicans, and Anabaptists. Editor: Andre A. Gazal

Informacje o czasopiśmie
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
2284-7308
Pierwsze wydanie
20 Sep 2012
Częstotliwość wydawania
3 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski

Wyszukiwanie

7 Artykułów
Otwarty dostęp

Aspects of the Revelation of the Divine in St. Gregory Palamas’ Treatise De Operationibus Divinis

Data publikacji: 31 Dec 2019
Zakres stron: 3 - 21

Abstrakt

Abstract

In this paper, we examine the concepts ‘destination’, ‘revelation’, ‘foreknowledge’, ‘will’, ‘transmission’, ‘motion’, and ‘grace’, as they appear in Gregory Palamas’ treatise De opera-tionibus divinis. According to the Christian theologian, these terms correspond to specific ways of God’s manifestation, i.e. His natural and supernatural revelation. Since they illuminate God’s energies, but not His essence, they are participated by the beings of the natural world. The first two terms mainly refer to a general version of the revelation, while the third contains epistemological elements as well and the fourth contains elements referring also to the divine will. The fifth term condenses the content of the afore-mentioned terms seen as an ad extra bestowment. By means of these concepts, Palamas preserves the ontological difference between the supernatural and the natural, while, at the same time, he defines the exact way of their communion, which excludes pantheism. He introduces into the divine realm the state of distinction, which, however, does not restrict its unity at all. He accepts the development of a metaphysical multitude, which is regulated by the divine uniqueness. What emerges is not a kind of Neoplatonic polytheism, but the infinite richness of the divine existence. Thus, Palamas steadily moves within the tradition founded by Ps.-Dionysius the Areopagite, Maximus the Confessor, John Damascene, and George Pachymeres, the main characteristic of which is ontological monism. This is a tradition which formulated common places as to the content, the concepts and the relevant methodology, while the distinction between negative and affirmative theology is dominant.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Destination
  • Revelation
  • Foreknowledge
  • Will
  • Transmission
  • Motion
  • Grace
  • Divine essence
  • Divine energies
  • Monism
Otwarty dostęp

Aspects of the Theory on ‘Ideas’, ‘Eide’ and ‘Logoi’ of Beings in George Pachymeres

Data publikacji: 31 Dec 2019
Zakres stron: 23 - 40

Abstrakt

Abstract

In this study, we are discussing the terms ‘idea’, ‘eidos’, and ‘logos’ in George Pachymeres’ Paraphrase of Dionysius the Areopagite’s De divinis nominibus. This is a very important topic, at least from the ontological point of view. Many questions come to the fore, such as whether the three terms are as to their meaning the same, whether their non-autonomous character is mentioned, what their relation with the divine energies is and whether and how they are connected to the divine will. The structure of our study is based on the fact that the terms come from the Platonic, Aristotelian, and Patristic tradition respectively. Considering that both God and the created beings are objective realities, which the human consciousness is asked to investigate, we attempt to extrapolate ontology to the gnoseological level as well. I.e. we attempt to explain the matter of ‘universals’ relying on two questions. Specifically, from the ontological point of view: do they exist independently? And, from the gnoseological point of view: what is their relation to the human thinking?

Słowa kluczowe

  • George Pachymeres
  • ideas
  • eide
  • logoi of beings
  • universals
Otwarty dostęp

The Daughter of the Word: What Luther Learned from the Early Church and the Fathers

Data publikacji: 31 Dec 2019
Zakres stron: 41 - 56

Abstrakt

Abstract

All the major sixteenth-century Reformers knew something about the early church and used the early Fathers. As an Augustinian monk and professor of theology, however, Luther’s knowledge and use of the great Father was both deeper and more nuanced. While indebted to Augustine, Luther went further in defining what it meant for theology to be ‘scriptural’. He saw history as the interaction of God’s two regimes, and the church of every age as weak and flawed but conquering through the cross of Christ. This led him to a free use of the Fathers without being constrained to always agree with or imitate them. The comfort he received from the Apostles’ Creed in particular led him to appreciate the early creedal statements, and so it was natural for him to use them as models when formulating the new confessions required in his own day. The sixteenth-century heritage of written confessions of faith is a heritage under-appreciated but still vital for church bodies today.1

Słowa kluczowe

  • Luther
  • Augustine
  • Church Fathers
  • History
  • Creeds
  • Confessions
Otwarty dostęp

Calvin’s Preface to Chrysostom’s Homilies as a Window into Calvin’s Own Priorities and Perspectives

Data publikacji: 31 Dec 2019
Zakres stron: 57 - 71

Abstrakt

Abstract

John Calvin drew from patristic authors in a selective manner. His preference for the theological perspectives of Augustine is readily evident. Nevertheless, while he resonated with the doctrine of Augustine, he touted the interpretive and homiletic labors of John Chrysostom. Even though Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion critiqued Chrysostom’s understanding of grace and free will, the Antiochene bishop is the most frequently referenced patristic author within Calvin’s commentaries. Calvin composed a preface to a projected edition of Chrysostom’s homilies (Praefatio in Chrysostomi Homilias). This preface argued for the necessity of reaching the general public with secondary aids along with the scriptures, explained Calvin’s esteem for Chrysostom’s homilies above other patristic texts, and acknowledged the theological dissimilarities that separated his views from Chrysostom’s. The Praefatio’s assessments reveal Calvin’s own hermeneutical, pastoral, and theological priorities. Calvin’s evaluations of Chrysostom and the other fathers are a window into his own interpretive concerns, homiletical aims, and dogmatic emphases.

Słowa kluczowe

  • biblical interpretation
  • Calvin
  • Chrysostom
  • hermeneutics
Otwarty dostęp

’That Ancient and Christian Liberty’: Early Church Councils in Reformation Anglican Thought

Data publikacji: 31 Dec 2019
Zakres stron: 73 - 92

Abstrakt

Abstract

This article will examine the role the first four ecumenical councils played in the controversial enterprises of John Jewel (1522-71) as well as two later early modern English theologians, Richard Hooker (1553-1600) and George Carleton (1559-1628). In three different polemical contexts, each divine portrays the councils as representing definitive catholic consensus not only for doctrine, but also ecclesiastical order and governance. For all three of these theologians, the manner in which the first four ecumenical councils were summoned and conducted, as well as their enactments touching the Church’s life provided patristic norms for its rightful administration. Jewel, Hooker, and Carleton each argued that the English Protestant national Church as defined by the Elizabethan Settlement exemplified a faithful recovery of patristic conciliar ecclesiastical government as an essential component in England’s overall endeavor to return to the true Church Catholic. Jewel employed these councils in order to impeach the Council of Trent’s (1545-63) status as a general council, and to justify the transfer of the authority of general councils to national and regional synods under the direction of godly princes. Hooker proposes the recovery of general councils as a means of achieving Catholic consensus within a Christendom divided along national and confessional lines while at the same time employing the pronouncements of the first four general councils to uphold the authoritative patristic and catholic warrant for institutions and practices retained by the Elizabethan Church. Finally, amid the controversy surrounding the Oath of Allegiance during the reign of James VI/1 (r. 1603-25), George Carleton devoted his extensive examination of these councils to refute papal claims to coercive authority with which to depose monarchs as an extension of excommunication. In so doing, Carleton relocates this ‘coactive jurisdiction’ in the ecclesiastical authority divinely invested in the monarch, making the ruler the source of conciliar authority, and arguably of catholic consensus itself.

Słowa kluczowe

  • John Jewel
  • Richard Hooker
  • George Carleton
  • councils
  • royal supremacy
Otwarty dostęp

’Lest I Make You a Tertullian’: Early Anabaptist Baptismal Narratives and Patristics

Data publikacji: 31 Dec 2019
Zakres stron: 93 - 110

Abstrakt

Abstract

Anabaptists have long been thought to have been ‘biblicists’ and shunned reading patristic literature. But a close analysis of the debates Anabaptists had with Magisterial Reformers shows that the Anabaptists developed an extensive history of baptism using church fathers. They attempted to show that adult baptism was the norm in the earliest centuries of the church and that infant baptism was the innovation away from the Bible. This debate was about who had inherited the biblical faith around baptism.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Anabaptists
  • baptism
  • Tertullian
  • Balthasar Hubmaier
  • Menno Simons
Otwarty dostęp

Is Christ Proclaimed to Christians? The Impact of Scottish Evangelicalism on Hungarian Theology, Piety, and Praxis (1841-1945)

Data publikacji: 31 Dec 2019
Zakres stron: 111 - 131

Abstrakt

Abstract

This paper offers a concise overview of the impact made by Scottish evangelicalism of the Free Church of Scotland on the theology, piety and practice of Hungarian Reformed faith within the Austro-Hungarian Empire. They planted a kind of piety that was foreign, at least in its language and expressions, to most of the Hungarian Reformed people until the arrival of Scottish missionaries in 1841. Their conduct of practical Christianity, praxis pietatis materialised itself in Christian evangelism and social action. In this paper the focus is on the period between 1865 and 1914. To demonstrate the nature and form of this impact, first the paper outlines some key features of Scottish evangelicalism. Then, it investigates the theological and ecclesiastical impact of Scottish evangelicalism made through the establishment of voluntary societies and examines influence on the piety and praxis of Reformed faith in Hungary.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Eschatology
  • biblicism
  • voluntarianism
  • conversionism
  • evangelicalism
  • Hungary
7 Artykułów
Otwarty dostęp

Aspects of the Revelation of the Divine in St. Gregory Palamas’ Treatise De Operationibus Divinis

Data publikacji: 31 Dec 2019
Zakres stron: 3 - 21

Abstrakt

Abstract

In this paper, we examine the concepts ‘destination’, ‘revelation’, ‘foreknowledge’, ‘will’, ‘transmission’, ‘motion’, and ‘grace’, as they appear in Gregory Palamas’ treatise De opera-tionibus divinis. According to the Christian theologian, these terms correspond to specific ways of God’s manifestation, i.e. His natural and supernatural revelation. Since they illuminate God’s energies, but not His essence, they are participated by the beings of the natural world. The first two terms mainly refer to a general version of the revelation, while the third contains epistemological elements as well and the fourth contains elements referring also to the divine will. The fifth term condenses the content of the afore-mentioned terms seen as an ad extra bestowment. By means of these concepts, Palamas preserves the ontological difference between the supernatural and the natural, while, at the same time, he defines the exact way of their communion, which excludes pantheism. He introduces into the divine realm the state of distinction, which, however, does not restrict its unity at all. He accepts the development of a metaphysical multitude, which is regulated by the divine uniqueness. What emerges is not a kind of Neoplatonic polytheism, but the infinite richness of the divine existence. Thus, Palamas steadily moves within the tradition founded by Ps.-Dionysius the Areopagite, Maximus the Confessor, John Damascene, and George Pachymeres, the main characteristic of which is ontological monism. This is a tradition which formulated common places as to the content, the concepts and the relevant methodology, while the distinction between negative and affirmative theology is dominant.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Destination
  • Revelation
  • Foreknowledge
  • Will
  • Transmission
  • Motion
  • Grace
  • Divine essence
  • Divine energies
  • Monism
Otwarty dostęp

Aspects of the Theory on ‘Ideas’, ‘Eide’ and ‘Logoi’ of Beings in George Pachymeres

Data publikacji: 31 Dec 2019
Zakres stron: 23 - 40

Abstrakt

Abstract

In this study, we are discussing the terms ‘idea’, ‘eidos’, and ‘logos’ in George Pachymeres’ Paraphrase of Dionysius the Areopagite’s De divinis nominibus. This is a very important topic, at least from the ontological point of view. Many questions come to the fore, such as whether the three terms are as to their meaning the same, whether their non-autonomous character is mentioned, what their relation with the divine energies is and whether and how they are connected to the divine will. The structure of our study is based on the fact that the terms come from the Platonic, Aristotelian, and Patristic tradition respectively. Considering that both God and the created beings are objective realities, which the human consciousness is asked to investigate, we attempt to extrapolate ontology to the gnoseological level as well. I.e. we attempt to explain the matter of ‘universals’ relying on two questions. Specifically, from the ontological point of view: do they exist independently? And, from the gnoseological point of view: what is their relation to the human thinking?

Słowa kluczowe

  • George Pachymeres
  • ideas
  • eide
  • logoi of beings
  • universals
Otwarty dostęp

The Daughter of the Word: What Luther Learned from the Early Church and the Fathers

Data publikacji: 31 Dec 2019
Zakres stron: 41 - 56

Abstrakt

Abstract

All the major sixteenth-century Reformers knew something about the early church and used the early Fathers. As an Augustinian monk and professor of theology, however, Luther’s knowledge and use of the great Father was both deeper and more nuanced. While indebted to Augustine, Luther went further in defining what it meant for theology to be ‘scriptural’. He saw history as the interaction of God’s two regimes, and the church of every age as weak and flawed but conquering through the cross of Christ. This led him to a free use of the Fathers without being constrained to always agree with or imitate them. The comfort he received from the Apostles’ Creed in particular led him to appreciate the early creedal statements, and so it was natural for him to use them as models when formulating the new confessions required in his own day. The sixteenth-century heritage of written confessions of faith is a heritage under-appreciated but still vital for church bodies today.1

Słowa kluczowe

  • Luther
  • Augustine
  • Church Fathers
  • History
  • Creeds
  • Confessions
Otwarty dostęp

Calvin’s Preface to Chrysostom’s Homilies as a Window into Calvin’s Own Priorities and Perspectives

Data publikacji: 31 Dec 2019
Zakres stron: 57 - 71

Abstrakt

Abstract

John Calvin drew from patristic authors in a selective manner. His preference for the theological perspectives of Augustine is readily evident. Nevertheless, while he resonated with the doctrine of Augustine, he touted the interpretive and homiletic labors of John Chrysostom. Even though Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion critiqued Chrysostom’s understanding of grace and free will, the Antiochene bishop is the most frequently referenced patristic author within Calvin’s commentaries. Calvin composed a preface to a projected edition of Chrysostom’s homilies (Praefatio in Chrysostomi Homilias). This preface argued for the necessity of reaching the general public with secondary aids along with the scriptures, explained Calvin’s esteem for Chrysostom’s homilies above other patristic texts, and acknowledged the theological dissimilarities that separated his views from Chrysostom’s. The Praefatio’s assessments reveal Calvin’s own hermeneutical, pastoral, and theological priorities. Calvin’s evaluations of Chrysostom and the other fathers are a window into his own interpretive concerns, homiletical aims, and dogmatic emphases.

Słowa kluczowe

  • biblical interpretation
  • Calvin
  • Chrysostom
  • hermeneutics
Otwarty dostęp

’That Ancient and Christian Liberty’: Early Church Councils in Reformation Anglican Thought

Data publikacji: 31 Dec 2019
Zakres stron: 73 - 92

Abstrakt

Abstract

This article will examine the role the first four ecumenical councils played in the controversial enterprises of John Jewel (1522-71) as well as two later early modern English theologians, Richard Hooker (1553-1600) and George Carleton (1559-1628). In three different polemical contexts, each divine portrays the councils as representing definitive catholic consensus not only for doctrine, but also ecclesiastical order and governance. For all three of these theologians, the manner in which the first four ecumenical councils were summoned and conducted, as well as their enactments touching the Church’s life provided patristic norms for its rightful administration. Jewel, Hooker, and Carleton each argued that the English Protestant national Church as defined by the Elizabethan Settlement exemplified a faithful recovery of patristic conciliar ecclesiastical government as an essential component in England’s overall endeavor to return to the true Church Catholic. Jewel employed these councils in order to impeach the Council of Trent’s (1545-63) status as a general council, and to justify the transfer of the authority of general councils to national and regional synods under the direction of godly princes. Hooker proposes the recovery of general councils as a means of achieving Catholic consensus within a Christendom divided along national and confessional lines while at the same time employing the pronouncements of the first four general councils to uphold the authoritative patristic and catholic warrant for institutions and practices retained by the Elizabethan Church. Finally, amid the controversy surrounding the Oath of Allegiance during the reign of James VI/1 (r. 1603-25), George Carleton devoted his extensive examination of these councils to refute papal claims to coercive authority with which to depose monarchs as an extension of excommunication. In so doing, Carleton relocates this ‘coactive jurisdiction’ in the ecclesiastical authority divinely invested in the monarch, making the ruler the source of conciliar authority, and arguably of catholic consensus itself.

Słowa kluczowe

  • John Jewel
  • Richard Hooker
  • George Carleton
  • councils
  • royal supremacy
Otwarty dostęp

’Lest I Make You a Tertullian’: Early Anabaptist Baptismal Narratives and Patristics

Data publikacji: 31 Dec 2019
Zakres stron: 93 - 110

Abstrakt

Abstract

Anabaptists have long been thought to have been ‘biblicists’ and shunned reading patristic literature. But a close analysis of the debates Anabaptists had with Magisterial Reformers shows that the Anabaptists developed an extensive history of baptism using church fathers. They attempted to show that adult baptism was the norm in the earliest centuries of the church and that infant baptism was the innovation away from the Bible. This debate was about who had inherited the biblical faith around baptism.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Anabaptists
  • baptism
  • Tertullian
  • Balthasar Hubmaier
  • Menno Simons
Otwarty dostęp

Is Christ Proclaimed to Christians? The Impact of Scottish Evangelicalism on Hungarian Theology, Piety, and Praxis (1841-1945)

Data publikacji: 31 Dec 2019
Zakres stron: 111 - 131

Abstrakt

Abstract

This paper offers a concise overview of the impact made by Scottish evangelicalism of the Free Church of Scotland on the theology, piety and practice of Hungarian Reformed faith within the Austro-Hungarian Empire. They planted a kind of piety that was foreign, at least in its language and expressions, to most of the Hungarian Reformed people until the arrival of Scottish missionaries in 1841. Their conduct of practical Christianity, praxis pietatis materialised itself in Christian evangelism and social action. In this paper the focus is on the period between 1865 and 1914. To demonstrate the nature and form of this impact, first the paper outlines some key features of Scottish evangelicalism. Then, it investigates the theological and ecclesiastical impact of Scottish evangelicalism made through the establishment of voluntary societies and examines influence on the piety and praxis of Reformed faith in Hungary.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Eschatology
  • biblicism
  • voluntarianism
  • conversionism
  • evangelicalism
  • Hungary

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