Rivista e Edizione

Volume 30 (2022): Edizione 3 (July 2022)

Volume 30 (2022): Edizione 2 (April 2022)

Volume 30 (2022): Edizione 1 (January 2022)

Volume 29 (2021): Edizione 4 (October 2021)

Volume 29 (2021): Edizione 3 (July 2021)

Volume 29 (2021): Edizione 2 (April 2021)

Volume 29 (2021): Edizione 1 (January 2021)

Volume 28 (2020): Edizione 4 (October 2020)

Volume 28 (2020): Edizione 3 (July 2020)

Volume 28 (2020): Edizione 2 (April 2020)

Volume 28 (2020): Edizione 1 (January 2020)

Volume 27 (2019): Edizione 4 (October 2019)

Volume 27 (2019): Edizione 3 (July 2019)

Volume 27 (2019): Edizione 2 (April 2019)

Volume 27 (2019): Edizione 1 (January 2019)

Volume 26 (2018): Edizione 4 (October 2018)

Volume 26 (2018): Edizione 3 (July 2018)

Volume 26 (2018): Edizione 2 (April 2018)

Volume 26 (2018): Edizione 1 (January 2018)

Volume 25 (2017): Edizione 4 (October 2017)

Volume 25 (2017): Edizione 3 (July 2017)

Volume 25 (2017): Edizione 2 (April 2017)

Volume 25 (2017): Edizione 1 (January 2017)

Volume 24 (2016): Edizione 4 (December 2016)

Volume 24 (2016): Edizione 3 (September 2016)

Volume 24 (2016): Edizione 2 (June 2016)

Volume 24 (2016): Edizione 1 (March 2016)

Volume 23 (2015): Edizione 4 (December 2015)

Volume 23 (2015): Edizione 3 (August 2015)

Volume 23 (2015): Edizione 2 (June 2015)

Volume 23 (2015): Edizione 1 (March 2015)

Volume 22 (2014): Edizione 4 (December 2014)

Volume 22 (2014): Edizione 3 (September 2014)

Volume 22 (2014): Edizione 2 (June 2014)

Volume 22 (2014): Edizione 1 (March 2014)

Volume 21 (2013): Edizione 4 (December 2013)

Volume 21 (2013): Edizione 3 (September 2013)

Volume 21 (2013): Edizione 2 (June 2013)

Volume 21 (2013): Edizione 1 (March 2013)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2284-5623
Pubblicato per la prima volta
08 Aug 2013
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 30 (2022): Edizione 2 (April 2022)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2284-5623
Pubblicato per la prima volta
08 Aug 2013
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

10 Articoli
Accesso libero

Approaching Risk Management in Medical Laboratories

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 125 - 139

Astratto

Abstract

Risk is one of the greatest challenges in a medical laboratory. Risk-based thinking is a concept that always preoccupies medical laboratory technicians. The objectives of this work were to bring forward the specialty standards recommendations for the implementation of risk management principles in medical laboratory, the accreditation requirement of ISO 15189:2012; to demonstrate that the understanding of the fundamental notions of the concept of risk, the effectively apply of the means of identifying, assessing and controlling risks, and the risk monitoring and handling through strategies of acceptance, elimination, transfer and mitigation of risks can ensure the continuous improvement processes. A model to approach to risk management in a medical laboratory establishes the inputs, the outputs, the techniques, and the activities carried out in each of the following sub-processes of the risk management process: risk management process planning, risk identification, risk analysis and evaluation, development of the risk response plan and risk monitoring, control and revision. The concepts of risk and risk management are applied accordingly to standards ISO 31000:2018 and ISO 22367:2020 of International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Risk management ensures that the fundamental requirements for healthy, proactive internal control of the medical laboratory are met.

Parole chiave

  • quality control and evidence based laboratory medicine
Accesso libero

Proposal of a prediction model for prognosis of patients with acute myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary intervention based on galectin-3 and soluble growth stimulating expressed gene 2 levels

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 141 - 149

Astratto

Abstract

Background: To study the correlations of serum galectin-3 (Gal-3) and soluble growth stimulating expressed gene 2 (sST2) levels with prognosis of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods: A total of 112 patients diagnosed from August 2015 to October 2017 were selected. They were followed up for 3 years. Based on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) during follow-up, they were divided into MACE and non-MACE groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to explore the independent risk factors for MACEs. A nomogram model was established using the factors and validated. The optimal cut-off values of Gal-3 and sST2 levels were determined by receiver operating characteristic curves. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis.

Results: MACEs occurred in 78 patients during follow-up. Patients in the MACE group were more often hypertensive, had higher total cholesterol, uric acid, sST2 and Gal-3, and lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (P<0.05). CK-MB, sST2, Gal-3 and LVEF were the independent risk factors for MACEs (P<0.05). The nomogram model established with these factors had high accuracy for predicting overall survival, and its concordance index (C-index) was 0.768 (95% confidence interval: 0.692-0.865). The prognosis of the patients with Gal-3 ≥12.57 μg/ mL and sST2 ≥18.56 ng/mL was poorer 3 years after PCI.

Conclusions: The levels of serum Gal-3 and sST2 are the independent risk factors for MACEs in AMI patients following PCI, with high prognostic value.

Parole chiave

  • acute myocardial infarction
  • galectin-3
  • soluble growth stimulating expressed gene 2
  • percutaneous coronary intervention
  • prognosis
  • model
Accesso libero

Associations of serum expressions of miR-499 and sex determining region Y-box 6 with prognosis of acute myocardial infarction patients

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 151 - 161

Astratto

Abstract

Background: To explore the associations of serum expressions of miR-499 and sex determining region Y-box 6 (SOX6) with major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and prognosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods: The clinical data of 132 patients diagnosed from February 2016 to October 2019 were collected. Serum miR-499 and SOX6 expressions were detected by RT-qPCR. Optimal cut-off values were determined using receiver operating characteristic curves, based on which patients were divided into low and high miR-499 expression groups, and high and low SOX6 expression groups. Survival curves were plotted using Kaplan-Meier method, and the independent risk factors for MACCE were explored by multivariate logistic regression analysis. A nomogram model was established based on the factors and validated using internal data.

Results: AMI group had higher miR-499 expression and lower SOX6 expression than those of control group (P<0.05). After PCI, miR-499 expression decreased and SOX6 expression increased (P<0.05). Low miR-499 expression group had higher 3-year survival and MACCE-free rates than those of high miR-499 expression group (P<0.05). Low SOX6 expression group had lower 3-year survival and MACCE-free rates than those of high SOX6 expression group (P<0.05). AMI history, LVEF, CK-MB, miR-499 and SOX6 expressions were independent risk factors for MACCE (P<0.05). The nomogram model had high accuracy for predicting overall survival, with a concordance index of 0.742 (95%CI=0.684-0.845).

Conclusions: AMI patients have increased serum expression of miR-499 and decreased expression of SOX6. High miR-499 expression is an independent risk factor for poor prognosis. The established nomogram model can be used to predict the risk of MACCE after PCI.

Parole chiave

  • miR-499
  • sex determining region Y-box 6
  • acute myocardial infarction
  • prognosis
  • major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events
Accesso libero

MMP-2 and MMP-9 gene polymorphisms and risk of head and neck carcinomas

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 163 - 171

Astratto

Abstract

Background: Head and neck carcinomas (HNC) account for a majority of ear, nose and throat tumours. They account for 6.3% of all incident malignancies and 6.2 % of all deaths from cancer in Romania in 2020, the fifth most common cancer in this Eastern Europe country. Aim of the study: The aim of our study was to investigate the association between two MMP-2 and MMP-9 promoter gene polymorphisms and head and neck cancer.

Methods. We enrolled 142 subjects, 65 cancer patients, and 77 control subjects and tested them for MMP-2 -735 C/T and MMP-9 -1562 C/T polymorphisms by PCR-RFLP.

Results. Comparison between cancer patients and controls demonstrated the presence of MMP-2 -735 C/T and MMP-9 -1562 C/T in head and neck malignant tumours, with OR = 2.206 (95% CI 1.058-4.599, P = 0.03) for MMP-2 and OR = 2.748 (95% C.I. 1.262-5.981, P=0.009) for MMP-9 gene polymorphism. This means that the presence of T allele could be a risk factor for head and neck cancer development. The analysis included a stratification of studied groups by age and gender.

Conclusions. Both genotypes were associated with a significant risk for head and neck carcinomas in case of the presence of the T allele. MMP-2 -735 C/T (rs2285053) and MMP-9 -1562 C/T (rs3918242) gene polymorphism could be an important genetic marker for head and neck cancer susceptibility. This finding could be useful for genetic screening in head and neck carcinomas.

Parole chiave

  • risk
  • polymorphism
  • MMP-9
  • MMP-2
  • head and neck squamous cell carcinomas
Accesso libero

Clinical significance of serum HMGB1 in COPD and correlation with severity of airflow restriction and immune function

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 173 - 181

Astratto

Abstract

Background: To explore the serum HMGB1 levels in patients with smoking-induced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the correlations with airflow restriction and immune function.

Methods: A total of 136 COPD patients were divided into mild, moderate and severe + extremely severe groups. Thirty-five healthy subjects were selected as control group. Serum HMGB1 levels were measured by ELISA, and the correlations with pulmonary and immune function indices were analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted.

Results: PaO2, eosinophil count, FEV1/FVC, FEV1% pred, and IgA, IgM, IgG levels of COPD patients were lower than those of control group, and decreased with airflow restriction aggravation. PaCO2, leukocyte count, neutrophil percentage, modified British Medical Research Council (mMRC) scale and COPD Assessment Test (CAT) scores, D-Dimer (D-D), PCT, CRP and HMGB1 levels, myeloid dendritic cell (mDC) and plasmacytoid dendritic cell (pDC) counts, and mDCs/pDCs of COPD patients exceeded those of control group, and increased with airflow restriction aggravation (P<0.05). HMGB1 levels of COPD patients were negatively correlated with FEV1/FVC, FEV1% pred, IgA, IgM and IgG levels and positively correlated with mDC count, pDC count and mDCs/pDCs (P<0.0001). The area under ROC curve was 0.883, the optimal cutoff value was 3.63 ng/mL, and sensitivity and specificity were 86.7% and 85.9%, respectively.

Conclusions: Serum HMGB1 level in patients with smoking-induced COPD rises with airflow restriction aggravation and has significant correlations with the decline of pulmonary and immune functions, with high predictive value for COPD. HMGB1 is a potential biomarker for evaluating COPD progression.

Parole chiave

  • smoking
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • airflow restriction
  • immune function
  • correlation
Accesso libero

Crinum latifolium extract inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation in human macrophages

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 183 - 190

Astratto

Abstract

Introduction: Crinum latifolium is a natural plant showing the anti-inflammatory effects. We aimed to evaluate the effects of Crinum latifolium extract on proinflammatory cytokine production and maturation of early and late endosomes in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced human macrophages at light microscopic and biochemical levels.

Material and Methods: The effects of Crinum latifolium extract in human macrophages stimulated with LPS was evaluated to optic densities of the lysosome-associated membrane protein-1 (LAMP-1) and early endo-some antigen 1 (EEA1) by immunohistochemistry staining and to level of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-6 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Results: Crinum latifolium group exhibited a significant decreased in the levels of IL-6 in the supernatant as compared to the LPS group for 2 and 72 hours (p<0.0001). Crinum latifolium group exhibited a significant increased in the optic density of the EEA1 and LAMP-1 in coverslips as compared to the control and lipopolysaccharide groups after 2 and 72 hours (p<0.0001).

Conclusions: Crinum latifolium may a therapeutic plant in the inflammatory diseases, such as sepsis, through anti-inflammatory effects, such as decrease in production of the proinflammatory cytokine and increase in maturations of the early and late endosomes in macrophages.

Parole chiave

  • inflammation
  • macrophage
  • interleukin-6
  • Crinum latifolium extract
  • endosomes
Accesso libero

Effects of nitroglycerin combined with continuous regional arterial infusion on severe acute pancreatitis, triglyceride, inflammatory factors and prognosis

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 191 - 198

Astratto

Abstract

Background: To evaluate the effects of nitroglycerin combined with continuous regional arterial infusion (CRAI) on severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), triglyceride (TG), inflammatory factors and prognosis.

Methods: SAP patients were randomly divided into control and observation groups (n=169). The control group was treated with intravenous infusion of nitroglycerin once daily for 2 d, while the observation group was treated with nitroglycerin combined with CRAI for 7 d. Their hospitalization time, abdominal pain relief time, abdominal distension relief time and intestinal function recovery time were recorded. The levels of inflammatory factors, and TG were measured. Their liver and kidney functions, hemorheological indices, prognosis, and adverse reactions were evaluated.

Results: The observation group had significantly shorter hospitalization time, abdominal pain relief time, abdominal distension relief time, and intestinal function recovery time than those of the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, endothelin, thromboxane A2 and TG significantly decreased in contrast with those before treatment in both groups, especially in the observation group (P<0.05). The hemorheological indices were significantly improved after treatment compared with those before treatment in both groups, and the observation group had better indices (P<0.05). The Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation-II score declined significantly in both groups after treatment, and the observation group had a more obvious decrease (P<0.05). During follow-up, similar incidence rates of adverse reactions were observed for both groups (P>0.05).

Conclusion: Nitroglycerin combined with CRAI is prominently effective for treating SAP, which can facilitate the health recovery and reduce the incidence of microcirculation disturbance-induced adverse events such as organ failure.

Parole chiave

  • nitroglycerin
  • continuous regional arterial infusion
  • severe acute pancreatitis
  • inflammatory factor
Accesso libero

Non-inhibitory effects of the potent antioxidant C-phycocyanin from Plectonema sp. on the in vitro glycation reaction

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 199 - 213

Astratto

Abstract

When glucose and Amadori products are auto-oxidized, glycation occurs, resulting in the formation of early (Amadori) and late advanced glycation end products (AGEs), as well as free radicals. Glycation and an increase in free radical activity induce diabetic complications. Antioxidant and antiglycation compounds may aid in the prevention of oxidation and glycation. The goal of this study was to assess the antiglycation and antioxidant capacity of C-phycocyanin (C-PC) derived from Plectonema sp. The DPPH (1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl), nitric oxide, hydroxyl radical scavenging activities and ferric ions reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays were used to assess antioxidant activity, while an in vitro bovine serum albumin-methyl glyoxal glycation (BSA-MG) model was used to assess glycation inhibitory potential. Glycation inhibition was measured using a variety of spectroscopic and biochemical parameters, including UV-visible & fluorescence spectroscopy, ketoamine, carbonyl and hydroxymethyl furfural content, as well as free lysine & free arginine estimations. In vitro, C-PC exhibited dose-dependent potent antioxidant activity, but lacked significant antiglycation potential. As a result, it is recommended that further studies be conducted to evaluate the antiglycation potential of C-PC.

Parole chiave

  • glycation
  • antioxidant
  • antiglycation
  • plectonema sp.
  • C-phycocyanin
  • Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA)
  • Methylglyoxal (MG)
Accesso libero

Snapshot of resistance and virulence features in ESCAPE strains frequently isolated from surgical wound infections in a Romanian hospital

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 215 - 226

Astratto

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the phenotypic features (adherence, biofilm formation, virulence, antibiotic susceptibility) and the genetic background of antibiotic resistance in nosocomial ESCAPE strains consecutively isolated from surgical wound infections in hospitalized patients.

Methods: 86 bacterial strains consecutively isolated from various wound infections were analysed by their antibiotic resistance (antibiotic susceptibility testing and PCR for certain antibiotic resistance genes), virulence, biofilm formation and cellular adherence.

Results: The bacterial isolates were identified as: Enterobacterales (n = 39) including Escherichia coli (n = 9), Klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 14) Proteus mirabilis (n = 7), followed by Staphylococcus aureus (n = 26) and Enterococcus faecalis (n = 20). Compared to other isolates, S. aureus strains exhibited the highest capacity to produce soluble virulence factors and to develop biofilms in vitro, with significant differences between methicillin resistant and methicillin susceptible isolates. Among enterobacterial isolates, K. pneumoniae strains expressed the highest capacity to develop biofilms. The assessment of bacterial adherence to HeLa cells revealed that all bacterial strains adhered to the cellular substrata, showing various adherence patterns. E. faecalis strains exhibited a low soluble virulence factors profile, a lower capacity to adhere to epithelial cells and to develop biofilms.

Conclusions: The present study could contribute to the understanding of the pathology of infected wounds, depending on the etio-logical agents, providing data with positive impact on the therapeutic management of surgical wounds infections.

Parole chiave

  • biofilm formation
  • antibiotic resistance
  • adherence
  • surgical site infection
Accesso libero

Matrix-assisted Laser Desorption Ionization–Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) for subgingival bacteriome identification in a group of treated periodontitis patients: a case series

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 227 - 234

Astratto

Abstract

Periodontitis is a chronic multifactorial polymicrobial infection, characterized by profound modifications of the composition and proportion of the subgingival microbiota. Microbiological laboratory tests are sometimes used in periodontal diagnosis and monitoring of treatment, but both conventional cultivation methods and molecular techniques have some major drawbacks. Therefore, other performant bacterial identification methods must be considered. The aim of the current study was to use Matrix-assisted Laser Desorption Ionization–Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALTI-TOF MS) analysis in association with bacterial culture method to evaluate the modifications of the subgingival bacterial composition in periodontitis patients, before and after cause-related subgingival therapy. Subgingival plaque samples were collected from periodontal pockets before and after subgingival mechanical instrumentation and adjunctive local antimicrobial applications and were cultured in aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Microbial colonies were further assessed using MALDI-TOF-MS. A total of 36 bacterial strains were isolated from a group of 16 patients. All species from the orange complex were identified by MALDI-TOF MS. A marked reduction of detection frequency was observed in most bacterial strains, including the orange complex after cause-related periodontal treatment. The results of this study indicate that MALDI-TOF MS could be considered an accurate method for oral microbial identification and the cause-related periodontal treatment is useful for reducing the microbial burden.

Parole chiave

  • periodontitis
  • MALDI-TOF MS
  • bacteriome
10 Articoli
Accesso libero

Approaching Risk Management in Medical Laboratories

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 125 - 139

Astratto

Abstract

Risk is one of the greatest challenges in a medical laboratory. Risk-based thinking is a concept that always preoccupies medical laboratory technicians. The objectives of this work were to bring forward the specialty standards recommendations for the implementation of risk management principles in medical laboratory, the accreditation requirement of ISO 15189:2012; to demonstrate that the understanding of the fundamental notions of the concept of risk, the effectively apply of the means of identifying, assessing and controlling risks, and the risk monitoring and handling through strategies of acceptance, elimination, transfer and mitigation of risks can ensure the continuous improvement processes. A model to approach to risk management in a medical laboratory establishes the inputs, the outputs, the techniques, and the activities carried out in each of the following sub-processes of the risk management process: risk management process planning, risk identification, risk analysis and evaluation, development of the risk response plan and risk monitoring, control and revision. The concepts of risk and risk management are applied accordingly to standards ISO 31000:2018 and ISO 22367:2020 of International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Risk management ensures that the fundamental requirements for healthy, proactive internal control of the medical laboratory are met.

Parole chiave

  • quality control and evidence based laboratory medicine
Accesso libero

Proposal of a prediction model for prognosis of patients with acute myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary intervention based on galectin-3 and soluble growth stimulating expressed gene 2 levels

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 141 - 149

Astratto

Abstract

Background: To study the correlations of serum galectin-3 (Gal-3) and soluble growth stimulating expressed gene 2 (sST2) levels with prognosis of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods: A total of 112 patients diagnosed from August 2015 to October 2017 were selected. They were followed up for 3 years. Based on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) during follow-up, they were divided into MACE and non-MACE groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to explore the independent risk factors for MACEs. A nomogram model was established using the factors and validated. The optimal cut-off values of Gal-3 and sST2 levels were determined by receiver operating characteristic curves. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis.

Results: MACEs occurred in 78 patients during follow-up. Patients in the MACE group were more often hypertensive, had higher total cholesterol, uric acid, sST2 and Gal-3, and lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (P<0.05). CK-MB, sST2, Gal-3 and LVEF were the independent risk factors for MACEs (P<0.05). The nomogram model established with these factors had high accuracy for predicting overall survival, and its concordance index (C-index) was 0.768 (95% confidence interval: 0.692-0.865). The prognosis of the patients with Gal-3 ≥12.57 μg/ mL and sST2 ≥18.56 ng/mL was poorer 3 years after PCI.

Conclusions: The levels of serum Gal-3 and sST2 are the independent risk factors for MACEs in AMI patients following PCI, with high prognostic value.

Parole chiave

  • acute myocardial infarction
  • galectin-3
  • soluble growth stimulating expressed gene 2
  • percutaneous coronary intervention
  • prognosis
  • model
Accesso libero

Associations of serum expressions of miR-499 and sex determining region Y-box 6 with prognosis of acute myocardial infarction patients

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 151 - 161

Astratto

Abstract

Background: To explore the associations of serum expressions of miR-499 and sex determining region Y-box 6 (SOX6) with major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and prognosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods: The clinical data of 132 patients diagnosed from February 2016 to October 2019 were collected. Serum miR-499 and SOX6 expressions were detected by RT-qPCR. Optimal cut-off values were determined using receiver operating characteristic curves, based on which patients were divided into low and high miR-499 expression groups, and high and low SOX6 expression groups. Survival curves were plotted using Kaplan-Meier method, and the independent risk factors for MACCE were explored by multivariate logistic regression analysis. A nomogram model was established based on the factors and validated using internal data.

Results: AMI group had higher miR-499 expression and lower SOX6 expression than those of control group (P<0.05). After PCI, miR-499 expression decreased and SOX6 expression increased (P<0.05). Low miR-499 expression group had higher 3-year survival and MACCE-free rates than those of high miR-499 expression group (P<0.05). Low SOX6 expression group had lower 3-year survival and MACCE-free rates than those of high SOX6 expression group (P<0.05). AMI history, LVEF, CK-MB, miR-499 and SOX6 expressions were independent risk factors for MACCE (P<0.05). The nomogram model had high accuracy for predicting overall survival, with a concordance index of 0.742 (95%CI=0.684-0.845).

Conclusions: AMI patients have increased serum expression of miR-499 and decreased expression of SOX6. High miR-499 expression is an independent risk factor for poor prognosis. The established nomogram model can be used to predict the risk of MACCE after PCI.

Parole chiave

  • miR-499
  • sex determining region Y-box 6
  • acute myocardial infarction
  • prognosis
  • major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events
Accesso libero

MMP-2 and MMP-9 gene polymorphisms and risk of head and neck carcinomas

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 163 - 171

Astratto

Abstract

Background: Head and neck carcinomas (HNC) account for a majority of ear, nose and throat tumours. They account for 6.3% of all incident malignancies and 6.2 % of all deaths from cancer in Romania in 2020, the fifth most common cancer in this Eastern Europe country. Aim of the study: The aim of our study was to investigate the association between two MMP-2 and MMP-9 promoter gene polymorphisms and head and neck cancer.

Methods. We enrolled 142 subjects, 65 cancer patients, and 77 control subjects and tested them for MMP-2 -735 C/T and MMP-9 -1562 C/T polymorphisms by PCR-RFLP.

Results. Comparison between cancer patients and controls demonstrated the presence of MMP-2 -735 C/T and MMP-9 -1562 C/T in head and neck malignant tumours, with OR = 2.206 (95% CI 1.058-4.599, P = 0.03) for MMP-2 and OR = 2.748 (95% C.I. 1.262-5.981, P=0.009) for MMP-9 gene polymorphism. This means that the presence of T allele could be a risk factor for head and neck cancer development. The analysis included a stratification of studied groups by age and gender.

Conclusions. Both genotypes were associated with a significant risk for head and neck carcinomas in case of the presence of the T allele. MMP-2 -735 C/T (rs2285053) and MMP-9 -1562 C/T (rs3918242) gene polymorphism could be an important genetic marker for head and neck cancer susceptibility. This finding could be useful for genetic screening in head and neck carcinomas.

Parole chiave

  • risk
  • polymorphism
  • MMP-9
  • MMP-2
  • head and neck squamous cell carcinomas
Accesso libero

Clinical significance of serum HMGB1 in COPD and correlation with severity of airflow restriction and immune function

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 173 - 181

Astratto

Abstract

Background: To explore the serum HMGB1 levels in patients with smoking-induced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the correlations with airflow restriction and immune function.

Methods: A total of 136 COPD patients were divided into mild, moderate and severe + extremely severe groups. Thirty-five healthy subjects were selected as control group. Serum HMGB1 levels were measured by ELISA, and the correlations with pulmonary and immune function indices were analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted.

Results: PaO2, eosinophil count, FEV1/FVC, FEV1% pred, and IgA, IgM, IgG levels of COPD patients were lower than those of control group, and decreased with airflow restriction aggravation. PaCO2, leukocyte count, neutrophil percentage, modified British Medical Research Council (mMRC) scale and COPD Assessment Test (CAT) scores, D-Dimer (D-D), PCT, CRP and HMGB1 levels, myeloid dendritic cell (mDC) and plasmacytoid dendritic cell (pDC) counts, and mDCs/pDCs of COPD patients exceeded those of control group, and increased with airflow restriction aggravation (P<0.05). HMGB1 levels of COPD patients were negatively correlated with FEV1/FVC, FEV1% pred, IgA, IgM and IgG levels and positively correlated with mDC count, pDC count and mDCs/pDCs (P<0.0001). The area under ROC curve was 0.883, the optimal cutoff value was 3.63 ng/mL, and sensitivity and specificity were 86.7% and 85.9%, respectively.

Conclusions: Serum HMGB1 level in patients with smoking-induced COPD rises with airflow restriction aggravation and has significant correlations with the decline of pulmonary and immune functions, with high predictive value for COPD. HMGB1 is a potential biomarker for evaluating COPD progression.

Parole chiave

  • smoking
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • airflow restriction
  • immune function
  • correlation
Accesso libero

Crinum latifolium extract inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation in human macrophages

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 183 - 190

Astratto

Abstract

Introduction: Crinum latifolium is a natural plant showing the anti-inflammatory effects. We aimed to evaluate the effects of Crinum latifolium extract on proinflammatory cytokine production and maturation of early and late endosomes in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced human macrophages at light microscopic and biochemical levels.

Material and Methods: The effects of Crinum latifolium extract in human macrophages stimulated with LPS was evaluated to optic densities of the lysosome-associated membrane protein-1 (LAMP-1) and early endo-some antigen 1 (EEA1) by immunohistochemistry staining and to level of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-6 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Results: Crinum latifolium group exhibited a significant decreased in the levels of IL-6 in the supernatant as compared to the LPS group for 2 and 72 hours (p<0.0001). Crinum latifolium group exhibited a significant increased in the optic density of the EEA1 and LAMP-1 in coverslips as compared to the control and lipopolysaccharide groups after 2 and 72 hours (p<0.0001).

Conclusions: Crinum latifolium may a therapeutic plant in the inflammatory diseases, such as sepsis, through anti-inflammatory effects, such as decrease in production of the proinflammatory cytokine and increase in maturations of the early and late endosomes in macrophages.

Parole chiave

  • inflammation
  • macrophage
  • interleukin-6
  • Crinum latifolium extract
  • endosomes
Accesso libero

Effects of nitroglycerin combined with continuous regional arterial infusion on severe acute pancreatitis, triglyceride, inflammatory factors and prognosis

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 191 - 198

Astratto

Abstract

Background: To evaluate the effects of nitroglycerin combined with continuous regional arterial infusion (CRAI) on severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), triglyceride (TG), inflammatory factors and prognosis.

Methods: SAP patients were randomly divided into control and observation groups (n=169). The control group was treated with intravenous infusion of nitroglycerin once daily for 2 d, while the observation group was treated with nitroglycerin combined with CRAI for 7 d. Their hospitalization time, abdominal pain relief time, abdominal distension relief time and intestinal function recovery time were recorded. The levels of inflammatory factors, and TG were measured. Their liver and kidney functions, hemorheological indices, prognosis, and adverse reactions were evaluated.

Results: The observation group had significantly shorter hospitalization time, abdominal pain relief time, abdominal distension relief time, and intestinal function recovery time than those of the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, endothelin, thromboxane A2 and TG significantly decreased in contrast with those before treatment in both groups, especially in the observation group (P<0.05). The hemorheological indices were significantly improved after treatment compared with those before treatment in both groups, and the observation group had better indices (P<0.05). The Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation-II score declined significantly in both groups after treatment, and the observation group had a more obvious decrease (P<0.05). During follow-up, similar incidence rates of adverse reactions were observed for both groups (P>0.05).

Conclusion: Nitroglycerin combined with CRAI is prominently effective for treating SAP, which can facilitate the health recovery and reduce the incidence of microcirculation disturbance-induced adverse events such as organ failure.

Parole chiave

  • nitroglycerin
  • continuous regional arterial infusion
  • severe acute pancreatitis
  • inflammatory factor
Accesso libero

Non-inhibitory effects of the potent antioxidant C-phycocyanin from Plectonema sp. on the in vitro glycation reaction

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 199 - 213

Astratto

Abstract

When glucose and Amadori products are auto-oxidized, glycation occurs, resulting in the formation of early (Amadori) and late advanced glycation end products (AGEs), as well as free radicals. Glycation and an increase in free radical activity induce diabetic complications. Antioxidant and antiglycation compounds may aid in the prevention of oxidation and glycation. The goal of this study was to assess the antiglycation and antioxidant capacity of C-phycocyanin (C-PC) derived from Plectonema sp. The DPPH (1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl), nitric oxide, hydroxyl radical scavenging activities and ferric ions reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays were used to assess antioxidant activity, while an in vitro bovine serum albumin-methyl glyoxal glycation (BSA-MG) model was used to assess glycation inhibitory potential. Glycation inhibition was measured using a variety of spectroscopic and biochemical parameters, including UV-visible & fluorescence spectroscopy, ketoamine, carbonyl and hydroxymethyl furfural content, as well as free lysine & free arginine estimations. In vitro, C-PC exhibited dose-dependent potent antioxidant activity, but lacked significant antiglycation potential. As a result, it is recommended that further studies be conducted to evaluate the antiglycation potential of C-PC.

Parole chiave

  • glycation
  • antioxidant
  • antiglycation
  • plectonema sp.
  • C-phycocyanin
  • Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA)
  • Methylglyoxal (MG)
Accesso libero

Snapshot of resistance and virulence features in ESCAPE strains frequently isolated from surgical wound infections in a Romanian hospital

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 215 - 226

Astratto

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the phenotypic features (adherence, biofilm formation, virulence, antibiotic susceptibility) and the genetic background of antibiotic resistance in nosocomial ESCAPE strains consecutively isolated from surgical wound infections in hospitalized patients.

Methods: 86 bacterial strains consecutively isolated from various wound infections were analysed by their antibiotic resistance (antibiotic susceptibility testing and PCR for certain antibiotic resistance genes), virulence, biofilm formation and cellular adherence.

Results: The bacterial isolates were identified as: Enterobacterales (n = 39) including Escherichia coli (n = 9), Klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 14) Proteus mirabilis (n = 7), followed by Staphylococcus aureus (n = 26) and Enterococcus faecalis (n = 20). Compared to other isolates, S. aureus strains exhibited the highest capacity to produce soluble virulence factors and to develop biofilms in vitro, with significant differences between methicillin resistant and methicillin susceptible isolates. Among enterobacterial isolates, K. pneumoniae strains expressed the highest capacity to develop biofilms. The assessment of bacterial adherence to HeLa cells revealed that all bacterial strains adhered to the cellular substrata, showing various adherence patterns. E. faecalis strains exhibited a low soluble virulence factors profile, a lower capacity to adhere to epithelial cells and to develop biofilms.

Conclusions: The present study could contribute to the understanding of the pathology of infected wounds, depending on the etio-logical agents, providing data with positive impact on the therapeutic management of surgical wounds infections.

Parole chiave

  • biofilm formation
  • antibiotic resistance
  • adherence
  • surgical site infection
Accesso libero

Matrix-assisted Laser Desorption Ionization–Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) for subgingival bacteriome identification in a group of treated periodontitis patients: a case series

Pubblicato online: 09 May 2022
Pagine: 227 - 234

Astratto

Abstract

Periodontitis is a chronic multifactorial polymicrobial infection, characterized by profound modifications of the composition and proportion of the subgingival microbiota. Microbiological laboratory tests are sometimes used in periodontal diagnosis and monitoring of treatment, but both conventional cultivation methods and molecular techniques have some major drawbacks. Therefore, other performant bacterial identification methods must be considered. The aim of the current study was to use Matrix-assisted Laser Desorption Ionization–Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALTI-TOF MS) analysis in association with bacterial culture method to evaluate the modifications of the subgingival bacterial composition in periodontitis patients, before and after cause-related subgingival therapy. Subgingival plaque samples were collected from periodontal pockets before and after subgingival mechanical instrumentation and adjunctive local antimicrobial applications and were cultured in aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Microbial colonies were further assessed using MALDI-TOF-MS. A total of 36 bacterial strains were isolated from a group of 16 patients. All species from the orange complex were identified by MALDI-TOF MS. A marked reduction of detection frequency was observed in most bacterial strains, including the orange complex after cause-related periodontal treatment. The results of this study indicate that MALDI-TOF MS could be considered an accurate method for oral microbial identification and the cause-related periodontal treatment is useful for reducing the microbial burden.

Parole chiave

  • periodontitis
  • MALDI-TOF MS
  • bacteriome

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