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Volume 27 (2019): Edizione 2 (April 2019)

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Volume 25 (2017): Edizione 2 (April 2017)

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Volume 22 (2014): Edizione 2 (June 2014)

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Volume 21 (2013): Edizione 3 (September 2013)

Volume 21 (2013): Edizione 2 (June 2013)

Volume 21 (2013): Edizione 1 (March 2013)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2284-5623
Pubblicato per la prima volta
08 Aug 2013
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 25 (2017): Edizione 1 (January 2017)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2284-5623
Pubblicato per la prima volta
08 Aug 2013
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

9 Articoli
Accesso libero

Microbial biofilm in human health - an updated theoretical and practical insight

Pubblicato online: 18 Feb 2017
Pagine: 9 - 26

Astratto

Abstract

The term biofilm designates an aggregate of microorganisms belonging to one or more species which adhere to various surfaces but also to each another. These microbial communities are included and interconnected within an organic structure known as slime, composed of protein substances, polysaccharides, and DNA.

The Center for Disease prevention and control considers infections with bacteria in biofilms among the 7 most important challenges which must be overcome in order to improve the safety of health services. The risk of microbial biofilm development exists for a long list of medical devices and equipment, as well as in certain diseases such as cystic fibrosis. An aggravating aspect is represented by the almost 1,000 times higher antimicrobial resistance of bacteria growing and multiplying within biofilms. Thus, in case of biofilm-infected medical devices, the resistance to antimicrobial treatments requires the removal of the device which essentially means the failure of the exploratory or therapeutic intervention in question.

The role of microbial biofilms in medical pathology is a subject that raises interest for both researchers and clinicians in order to establish new methods for prevention and treatment of biofilms. This paper is intended as an overview in the management of microbial biofilms, presenting future insights, with technological progress in microscopy, molecular genetics, and genome analysis. Therefore the present paper will focus on describing the mechanisms involved in biofilm development, biofilm related infections, methods of detection and quantification of microbial communities and therapeutical approaches.

Parole chiave

  • biofilm
  • medical devices
  • microscopy
Accesso libero

Evaluation of c677t and a1298c polymorphism of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene as a maternal risk factor for trisomy 21 (a monocentric study)

Pubblicato online: 18 Feb 2017
Pagine: 27 - 35

Astratto

Abstract

Aim: To assess the risk for trisomy 21 in children, depending on the polymorphisms C677T and A1298C of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene in mothers.

Methods: For 93 mothers who have children with trisomy 21 and 202 mothers of healthy children (control group), genotyping of MTHFR polymorphisms C677T and A1298C was performed.

Results: For each polymorphism, three genotypes were identified (normal homozygous, heterozygous and mutant homozygous). For the polymorphism C677T, the frequencies of the three genotypes (CC, CT and TT) were 50.5%, 40.8% and 8.6% in mothers of children with trisomy 21, versus 42.6%, 46% and 11.4% in mothers of healthy children, with no statistically significant differences. The frequency of the polymorphism A1298C was not statistically significant between the two groups for the genotype (AA) (48.4% vs 56.4%) or the genotype (AC) (39.8% vs 38.6%), but the genotype TT was more frequent in mothers of children with trisomy 21 (11.8% vs 4.9%; p = 0.033; OR = 2.57).

Conclusion: Women with genotype CC for the polymorphism A1298C of the MTHFR gene have a 2.57 times higher risk of offspring with trisomy 21.

Parole chiave

  • MTHFR gene
  • polymorphism
  • Down syndrome
Accesso libero

GJB2 and GJB6 genes mutations in children with non-syndromic hearing loss

Pubblicato online: 18 Feb 2017
Pagine: 37 - 46

Astratto

Abstract

Introduction. At the moment there is not enough data in Romania about the incidence of the main genetic mutations which can cause hearing loss.

Objective. The current research aims to determine on a representative sample the prevalence of two mutations of genes GJB2 -c.35delG and p.W24X- and two mutations of genes GJB6 -del(GJB6-D13S1830), del(GJB6-D13S1854) respectively - in patients with congenital nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss (CNSHL).

Methods: The sample group included 179 children with CNSHL. The evaluation consist in: a.Clinical, laboratory and imagistic examination; b.ENT exam and audiological evaluation. c.Two methods (semi-nested PCR technique followed by RFLP, validated with ARMS-PCR analysis) for detection of c.35delG and pW24X mutations; d.PCR-multiplex technique for detecting del(GJB6-D13S1830) and del (GJB6-D13S1854).

Results: The audiological diagnosis was: profound hearing loss in 116 patients (64.8%), severe hearing loss in 29 children (16.2%) and moderate hearing loss in 34 patients (representing 19% of the trial patients). The prevalence for the three mutations was: 27.3 % for c.35delG, 3.6 % for p.W24X and 0.28% for del(GJB6-D13S1830). The detection of the three mutations (two on GJB2 gene and one on GJB 6 gene) has allowed to establish the genetic cause for deafness in 45 patients, representing 25.14% of the sample group. Our study is reporting the first case in Romania with a mutation of gene GJB6. Mutation del(GJB6-D13S1854) lacked in all 179 patients.

Conclusion: The prevalence data obtained in the current research are comparable to data communicated by studies from other European countries.

Parole chiave

  • connexin 26 and 30
  • GJB2 mutation
  • GJB6 mutation
  • sensorineural hearing loss
Accesso libero

Polymorphisms in autophagy genes and active pulmonary tuberculosis susceptibility in Romania

Pubblicato online: 18 Feb 2017
Pagine: 47 - 53

Astratto

Abstract

Autophagy, a homeostatic process involved in nutrient regeneration and immune responses, may be involved in intracellular killing of M. tuberculosis. Several studies linked variation in autophagy genes with susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis, but others did not confirm these findings.

We genotyped single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the ATG5 (rs2245214, c.574-12777G>C) and NOD2 (rs2066844, c.2104C>T) genes for 256 pulmonary tuberculosis patients and 330 unrelated healthy controls in Romania. Both SNPs have been reported as relevant for the autophagy process and potentially for susceptibility to active pulmonary tuberculosis.

In our study, the polymorphisms in ATG5 and NOD2 were not associated with tuberculosis. This suggests that the two genetic variants we focused on are not related to the risk for developing active TB in a Romanian population.

Parole chiave

  • tuberculosis
  • gene polymorphism
  • autophagy
  • innate immune system
  • allele
Accesso libero

OXA-48-Carbapenemase-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae infections - the first cases diagnosed in Romanian National Institute of Infectious Diseases

Pubblicato online: 18 Feb 2017
Pagine: 55 - 61

Astratto

Abstract

We report first description of clinical cases of OXA-48 carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae originating from patients hospitalized in the most important Infectious Diseases Hospital from Romania, between December 2012 and March 2013. All strains were isolated from patients who were previously admitted in surgical wards. None of the patients had been admitted in a hospital outside of Romania.

Parole chiave

  • Klebsiella pneumoniae
  • OXA-48 carbapenemase
  • ESBL
  • risk factors for resistance
Accesso libero

CXCL13 levels are more increased in cerebrospinal fluid and plasma of patients with acute infectious than in non-infectious diseases of the central nervous system

Pubblicato online: 18 Feb 2017
Pagine: 63 - 73

Astratto

Abstract

Background: During the acute inflammatory process, the CXCL13 chemokine plays an important role in B cell recruitment within the central nervous system (CNS).

Objective: The objective of the study consisted of the evaluation of CXCL13 chemokine cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) and plasma levels in patients with acute infectious and non-infectious neurological diseases correlated with pleocytosis and CSF protein levels.

Material and method: This retrospective study was conducted over one year and included 72 patients. Thirty-eight patients (52.8%) suffering from infectious neurological disease, acute viral and bacterial meningitis, meningoencephalitis, and 34 patients (44.2%) diagnosed with non-infectious neurological diseases.

CXCL13 chemokine CSF and plasma levels were determined through the ELISA technique with the Human CXCL13/BLC/BCA-1 kit. CSF cell count, glucose and protein levels, along with anti-Borrelia burgdorferi antibodies were monitored using the ELISA technique.

Results: CXCL13 chemokine levels in the CSF of patients with acute infectious neurological diseases showed a median value of 23.07 pg/mL, which was significantly higher in comparison with the median value of 11.5 pg/mL of patients with noninfectious neurological diseases (p-0.03). CXCL13 median plasma concentration in patients with infectious neurological diseases was 108.1 pg/mL, in comparison with the second patient category, 50.7 pg/ml (p-0.001). We observed a statistically significant association between CXCL13 concentrations, CSF cell count and proteins. The higher the CXCL13 chemokine level, the more increased the cell count was.

Conclusions: CXCL13 levels in the CSF was significantly increased in patients with acute infectious neurological diseases compared with patients with non-infectious diseases. Moreover, CXCL13 chemokine concentration was significantly correlated with the number of cells and proteins in the CSF of patients suffering from neuroinfections.

Parole chiave

  • CXCL13
  • cerebrospinal fluid
  • diagnosis
  • neuroinflammation
Accesso libero

IL-6 gene polymorphisms and sepsis in icu adult romanian patients: a prospective study

Pubblicato online: 18 Feb 2017
Pagine: 75 - 89

Astratto

Abstract

Objectives: The goal of the study was to investigate the correlations between the interleukin-6 IL-6 -174 G/C and IL-6 -572 G/C gene polymorphisms and sepsis risk and severity in adult ICU patients.

Materials and Methods: We prospectively assessed 107 septic patients and divided them into two subgroups: organ dysfunction-free sepsis subgroup S (n=60) and septic shock subgroup SS (n=47). A control group of 96 healthy individuals was included. Both patients and controls underwent IL-6 -174 G/C and -572 G/C genotyping and circulating IL-6 in the study group which were measured from samples taken in the first day of sepsis diagnosis.

Results: No differences in the genotype frequencies of the two polymorphisms between study and control groups were identified. The GC genotype and C allele of IL-6 -572 G/C gene polymorphism was statistically significant more frequent in the organ dysfunction-free subgroup (p=0.01, p=0.004 respectively). No statistically significant differences for the IL-6 -174 G/C gene polymorphism were found between the two sepsis subgroups. Circulating IL-6 levels were significantly higher in the septic shock subgroup and among patients with GG genotypes of both studied polymorphisms.

Conclusion: We underline the possible role of IL-6 -572 G/C as a marker of severe evolution. There is no evidence of a direct role of IL-6 -174 G/C gene polymorphism in sepsis risk and outcome. Il-6 levels are correlated with sepsis severity but not with variant genotype of investigated IL-6 gene polymorphisms.

Parole chiave

  • IL-6
  • sepsis
  • single nucleotid polymorphism
Accesso libero

Can we find accessible and relevant markers for sepsis outcome?

Pubblicato online: 18 Feb 2017
Pagine: 91 - 100

Astratto

Abstract

Background and Aim: Sepsis is a life-threatening disease with high mortality, therefore establishing early diagnostic and finding reliable prognostic biomarkers is vital. We aimed to investigate the prognostic role, as a single value, of serum procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, serum lactate, platelets number and serum glucose level in septic patients, all measured in the first 24 hours after hospital admittance.

Materials and methods: This retrospective study included 241 adult patients with sepsis, severe sepsis or septic shock. We use data from patients observation sheets. Data that were collected include: demographic parameters, comorbidities, necessity of mechanical ventilation and laboratory variables. We performed the statistical analysis with the chi square test for nonparametric data and to analyse the accuracy of prediction we used the receiver - operator curves with the level of significance set at p < 0.05.

Results: From 241 patients with a median age of 68 years, 127 (52.69%) were male.113 patients had severe sepsis. 89 patients (36.9%) died and male had an increase mortality rate. Most cases were respiratory sepsis (45.20%). The highest mortality rate was in septic shock (51.2%). Procalcitonin, C-reactive protein and glucose serum level at admittance were not correlated with mortality. The serum levels of creatinine >1.67 mg/dL and serum lactate >1.9 mmol/L at admittance were correlated with mortality (p < 0.01). The cutoff value of 121×103/uL platelets number was also correlated with mortality (p < 0.01).

Conclusions: Our findings suggest that serum creatinine, serum lactate and the platelets number could be used as prognostic markers in septic patients at admittance.

Parole chiave

  • sepsis
  • biomarkers
  • prognostic
  • mortality
Accesso libero

Complete blood count and differential in diagnosis of early onset neonatal sepsis

Pubblicato online: 18 Feb 2017
Pagine: 101 - 108

Astratto

9 Articoli
Accesso libero

Microbial biofilm in human health - an updated theoretical and practical insight

Pubblicato online: 18 Feb 2017
Pagine: 9 - 26

Astratto

Abstract

The term biofilm designates an aggregate of microorganisms belonging to one or more species which adhere to various surfaces but also to each another. These microbial communities are included and interconnected within an organic structure known as slime, composed of protein substances, polysaccharides, and DNA.

The Center for Disease prevention and control considers infections with bacteria in biofilms among the 7 most important challenges which must be overcome in order to improve the safety of health services. The risk of microbial biofilm development exists for a long list of medical devices and equipment, as well as in certain diseases such as cystic fibrosis. An aggravating aspect is represented by the almost 1,000 times higher antimicrobial resistance of bacteria growing and multiplying within biofilms. Thus, in case of biofilm-infected medical devices, the resistance to antimicrobial treatments requires the removal of the device which essentially means the failure of the exploratory or therapeutic intervention in question.

The role of microbial biofilms in medical pathology is a subject that raises interest for both researchers and clinicians in order to establish new methods for prevention and treatment of biofilms. This paper is intended as an overview in the management of microbial biofilms, presenting future insights, with technological progress in microscopy, molecular genetics, and genome analysis. Therefore the present paper will focus on describing the mechanisms involved in biofilm development, biofilm related infections, methods of detection and quantification of microbial communities and therapeutical approaches.

Parole chiave

  • biofilm
  • medical devices
  • microscopy
Accesso libero

Evaluation of c677t and a1298c polymorphism of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene as a maternal risk factor for trisomy 21 (a monocentric study)

Pubblicato online: 18 Feb 2017
Pagine: 27 - 35

Astratto

Abstract

Aim: To assess the risk for trisomy 21 in children, depending on the polymorphisms C677T and A1298C of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene in mothers.

Methods: For 93 mothers who have children with trisomy 21 and 202 mothers of healthy children (control group), genotyping of MTHFR polymorphisms C677T and A1298C was performed.

Results: For each polymorphism, three genotypes were identified (normal homozygous, heterozygous and mutant homozygous). For the polymorphism C677T, the frequencies of the three genotypes (CC, CT and TT) were 50.5%, 40.8% and 8.6% in mothers of children with trisomy 21, versus 42.6%, 46% and 11.4% in mothers of healthy children, with no statistically significant differences. The frequency of the polymorphism A1298C was not statistically significant between the two groups for the genotype (AA) (48.4% vs 56.4%) or the genotype (AC) (39.8% vs 38.6%), but the genotype TT was more frequent in mothers of children with trisomy 21 (11.8% vs 4.9%; p = 0.033; OR = 2.57).

Conclusion: Women with genotype CC for the polymorphism A1298C of the MTHFR gene have a 2.57 times higher risk of offspring with trisomy 21.

Parole chiave

  • MTHFR gene
  • polymorphism
  • Down syndrome
Accesso libero

GJB2 and GJB6 genes mutations in children with non-syndromic hearing loss

Pubblicato online: 18 Feb 2017
Pagine: 37 - 46

Astratto

Abstract

Introduction. At the moment there is not enough data in Romania about the incidence of the main genetic mutations which can cause hearing loss.

Objective. The current research aims to determine on a representative sample the prevalence of two mutations of genes GJB2 -c.35delG and p.W24X- and two mutations of genes GJB6 -del(GJB6-D13S1830), del(GJB6-D13S1854) respectively - in patients with congenital nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss (CNSHL).

Methods: The sample group included 179 children with CNSHL. The evaluation consist in: a.Clinical, laboratory and imagistic examination; b.ENT exam and audiological evaluation. c.Two methods (semi-nested PCR technique followed by RFLP, validated with ARMS-PCR analysis) for detection of c.35delG and pW24X mutations; d.PCR-multiplex technique for detecting del(GJB6-D13S1830) and del (GJB6-D13S1854).

Results: The audiological diagnosis was: profound hearing loss in 116 patients (64.8%), severe hearing loss in 29 children (16.2%) and moderate hearing loss in 34 patients (representing 19% of the trial patients). The prevalence for the three mutations was: 27.3 % for c.35delG, 3.6 % for p.W24X and 0.28% for del(GJB6-D13S1830). The detection of the three mutations (two on GJB2 gene and one on GJB 6 gene) has allowed to establish the genetic cause for deafness in 45 patients, representing 25.14% of the sample group. Our study is reporting the first case in Romania with a mutation of gene GJB6. Mutation del(GJB6-D13S1854) lacked in all 179 patients.

Conclusion: The prevalence data obtained in the current research are comparable to data communicated by studies from other European countries.

Parole chiave

  • connexin 26 and 30
  • GJB2 mutation
  • GJB6 mutation
  • sensorineural hearing loss
Accesso libero

Polymorphisms in autophagy genes and active pulmonary tuberculosis susceptibility in Romania

Pubblicato online: 18 Feb 2017
Pagine: 47 - 53

Astratto

Abstract

Autophagy, a homeostatic process involved in nutrient regeneration and immune responses, may be involved in intracellular killing of M. tuberculosis. Several studies linked variation in autophagy genes with susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis, but others did not confirm these findings.

We genotyped single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the ATG5 (rs2245214, c.574-12777G>C) and NOD2 (rs2066844, c.2104C>T) genes for 256 pulmonary tuberculosis patients and 330 unrelated healthy controls in Romania. Both SNPs have been reported as relevant for the autophagy process and potentially for susceptibility to active pulmonary tuberculosis.

In our study, the polymorphisms in ATG5 and NOD2 were not associated with tuberculosis. This suggests that the two genetic variants we focused on are not related to the risk for developing active TB in a Romanian population.

Parole chiave

  • tuberculosis
  • gene polymorphism
  • autophagy
  • innate immune system
  • allele
Accesso libero

OXA-48-Carbapenemase-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae infections - the first cases diagnosed in Romanian National Institute of Infectious Diseases

Pubblicato online: 18 Feb 2017
Pagine: 55 - 61

Astratto

Abstract

We report first description of clinical cases of OXA-48 carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae originating from patients hospitalized in the most important Infectious Diseases Hospital from Romania, between December 2012 and March 2013. All strains were isolated from patients who were previously admitted in surgical wards. None of the patients had been admitted in a hospital outside of Romania.

Parole chiave

  • Klebsiella pneumoniae
  • OXA-48 carbapenemase
  • ESBL
  • risk factors for resistance
Accesso libero

CXCL13 levels are more increased in cerebrospinal fluid and plasma of patients with acute infectious than in non-infectious diseases of the central nervous system

Pubblicato online: 18 Feb 2017
Pagine: 63 - 73

Astratto

Abstract

Background: During the acute inflammatory process, the CXCL13 chemokine plays an important role in B cell recruitment within the central nervous system (CNS).

Objective: The objective of the study consisted of the evaluation of CXCL13 chemokine cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) and plasma levels in patients with acute infectious and non-infectious neurological diseases correlated with pleocytosis and CSF protein levels.

Material and method: This retrospective study was conducted over one year and included 72 patients. Thirty-eight patients (52.8%) suffering from infectious neurological disease, acute viral and bacterial meningitis, meningoencephalitis, and 34 patients (44.2%) diagnosed with non-infectious neurological diseases.

CXCL13 chemokine CSF and plasma levels were determined through the ELISA technique with the Human CXCL13/BLC/BCA-1 kit. CSF cell count, glucose and protein levels, along with anti-Borrelia burgdorferi antibodies were monitored using the ELISA technique.

Results: CXCL13 chemokine levels in the CSF of patients with acute infectious neurological diseases showed a median value of 23.07 pg/mL, which was significantly higher in comparison with the median value of 11.5 pg/mL of patients with noninfectious neurological diseases (p-0.03). CXCL13 median plasma concentration in patients with infectious neurological diseases was 108.1 pg/mL, in comparison with the second patient category, 50.7 pg/ml (p-0.001). We observed a statistically significant association between CXCL13 concentrations, CSF cell count and proteins. The higher the CXCL13 chemokine level, the more increased the cell count was.

Conclusions: CXCL13 levels in the CSF was significantly increased in patients with acute infectious neurological diseases compared with patients with non-infectious diseases. Moreover, CXCL13 chemokine concentration was significantly correlated with the number of cells and proteins in the CSF of patients suffering from neuroinfections.

Parole chiave

  • CXCL13
  • cerebrospinal fluid
  • diagnosis
  • neuroinflammation
Accesso libero

IL-6 gene polymorphisms and sepsis in icu adult romanian patients: a prospective study

Pubblicato online: 18 Feb 2017
Pagine: 75 - 89

Astratto

Abstract

Objectives: The goal of the study was to investigate the correlations between the interleukin-6 IL-6 -174 G/C and IL-6 -572 G/C gene polymorphisms and sepsis risk and severity in adult ICU patients.

Materials and Methods: We prospectively assessed 107 septic patients and divided them into two subgroups: organ dysfunction-free sepsis subgroup S (n=60) and septic shock subgroup SS (n=47). A control group of 96 healthy individuals was included. Both patients and controls underwent IL-6 -174 G/C and -572 G/C genotyping and circulating IL-6 in the study group which were measured from samples taken in the first day of sepsis diagnosis.

Results: No differences in the genotype frequencies of the two polymorphisms between study and control groups were identified. The GC genotype and C allele of IL-6 -572 G/C gene polymorphism was statistically significant more frequent in the organ dysfunction-free subgroup (p=0.01, p=0.004 respectively). No statistically significant differences for the IL-6 -174 G/C gene polymorphism were found between the two sepsis subgroups. Circulating IL-6 levels were significantly higher in the septic shock subgroup and among patients with GG genotypes of both studied polymorphisms.

Conclusion: We underline the possible role of IL-6 -572 G/C as a marker of severe evolution. There is no evidence of a direct role of IL-6 -174 G/C gene polymorphism in sepsis risk and outcome. Il-6 levels are correlated with sepsis severity but not with variant genotype of investigated IL-6 gene polymorphisms.

Parole chiave

  • IL-6
  • sepsis
  • single nucleotid polymorphism
Accesso libero

Can we find accessible and relevant markers for sepsis outcome?

Pubblicato online: 18 Feb 2017
Pagine: 91 - 100

Astratto

Abstract

Background and Aim: Sepsis is a life-threatening disease with high mortality, therefore establishing early diagnostic and finding reliable prognostic biomarkers is vital. We aimed to investigate the prognostic role, as a single value, of serum procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, serum lactate, platelets number and serum glucose level in septic patients, all measured in the first 24 hours after hospital admittance.

Materials and methods: This retrospective study included 241 adult patients with sepsis, severe sepsis or septic shock. We use data from patients observation sheets. Data that were collected include: demographic parameters, comorbidities, necessity of mechanical ventilation and laboratory variables. We performed the statistical analysis with the chi square test for nonparametric data and to analyse the accuracy of prediction we used the receiver - operator curves with the level of significance set at p < 0.05.

Results: From 241 patients with a median age of 68 years, 127 (52.69%) were male.113 patients had severe sepsis. 89 patients (36.9%) died and male had an increase mortality rate. Most cases were respiratory sepsis (45.20%). The highest mortality rate was in septic shock (51.2%). Procalcitonin, C-reactive protein and glucose serum level at admittance were not correlated with mortality. The serum levels of creatinine >1.67 mg/dL and serum lactate >1.9 mmol/L at admittance were correlated with mortality (p < 0.01). The cutoff value of 121×103/uL platelets number was also correlated with mortality (p < 0.01).

Conclusions: Our findings suggest that serum creatinine, serum lactate and the platelets number could be used as prognostic markers in septic patients at admittance.

Parole chiave

  • sepsis
  • biomarkers
  • prognostic
  • mortality
Accesso libero

Complete blood count and differential in diagnosis of early onset neonatal sepsis

Pubblicato online: 18 Feb 2017
Pagine: 101 - 108

Astratto

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