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Volume 76 (2021): Issue 3 (September 2021)

Volume 75 (2021): Issue 2 (June 2021)

Volume 74 (2021): Issue 1 (March 2021)

Volume 73 (2020): Issue 4 (December 2020)

Volume 72 (2020): Issue 3 (September 2020)

Volume 71 (2020): Issue 2 (June 2020)

Volume 70 (2020): Issue 1 (March 2020)

Volume 69 (2019): Issue 4 (December 2019)

Volume 68 (2019): Issue 3 (September 2019)

Volume 67 (2019): Issue 2 (June 2019)

Volume 66 (2019): Issue 1 (March 2019)

Volume 65 (2018): Issue 4 (December 2018)

Volume 64 (2018): Issue 3 (September 2018)

Volume 63 (2018): Issue 2 (June 2018)

Volume 62 (2018): Issue 1 (March 2018)

Volume 61 (2017): Issue 4 (December 2017)

Volume 60 (2017): Issue 3 (October 2017)

Volume 59 (2017): Issue 2 (June 2017)

Volume 58 (2017): Issue 1 (March 2017)

Volume 57 (2016): Issue 4 (December 2016)

Volume 56 (2016): Issue 3 (September 2016)

Volume 55 (2016): Issue 2 (June 2016)

Volume 54 (2016): Issue 1 (March 2016)

Volume 53 (2015): Issue 4 (December 2015)

Volume 52 (2015): Issue 3 (December 2015)

Volume 51 (2015): Issue 2 (June 2015)

Volume 50 (2015): Issue 1 (March 2015)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2084-0535
First Published
30 Mar 2015
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 71 (2020): Issue 2 (June 2020)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2084-0535
First Published
30 Mar 2015
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Search

8 Articles
Open Access

Selected Risks of the Decompression Process. Part I: Selected Inherent Residual Risks in the Decompression Process

Published Online: 30 Apr 2021
Page range: 7 - 36

Abstract

Abstract

A safe transition from a higher-pressure atmosphere to a lower-pressure atmosphere is achieved by means of a planned decompression process, usually through changes in pressure and/or the composition of the breathing mix as a function of time. However, the decompression process is influenced by a greater number of inherent1 factors than merely changes in pressure and composition of the breathing mixture, the values of which should be maintained within certain ranges. However, there are instances where control over them cannot be maintained, leaving elements of residual risk2 to the decompression process. The safety of decompression should be assessed, inter alia, by analysing this risk for each implementation of the decompression process.

Keywords

  • decompression
  • decompression sickness
  • risk
  • hazard
Open Access

Evaluation of EEG Tests in the Amateur Diving Instructor Group and Correlation with the Occurrence of Sterile Bone Necrosis

Published Online: 30 Apr 2021
Page range: 37 - 40

Abstract

Abstract

The research undertaken was a continuation of previous studies relating to professional divers. The bioelectrical activity of the brain with an electronic electroencephalograph (EEG) was studied in a group of 89 instructors for amateur diving between 21 and 50 years of age. Pathological patterns were found in 15.7% of the subjects. In comparison with professional divers, the disturbances were significantly less frequent, but considerably more frequent in comparison with the control group. There was no relationship between the occurrence of the disorders in relation to the age of the examined person, however, the occurrence of the disorders was more frequent in persons with the least experience. Moreover, a correlation was found in one age group between abnormalities of EEG recording and the occurrence of sterile bone necrosis.

Keywords

  • amateur diving
  • EEG
  • sterile bone necrosis
Open Access

Cerebral Gas Embolism in the Course of Mildly Symptomatic Pulmonary Barotrauma in a Scuba Diver

Published Online: 30 Apr 2021
Page range: 41 - 44

Abstract

Abstract

The paper presents a case of pulmonary barotrauma in a scuba diver. Swallowing water and respiratory arrest during the ascent caused the trauma. Symptoms from the respiratory system (including the Behnke’s symptom) appeared several minutes after the completion of the dive and were not severe. However, symptoms from the peripheral nervous system, which appeared later, increased rapidly until the seizure episode and loss of consciousness. Hyperbaric treatment was applied in a decompression chamber on board the ship from which the dive was conducted. The treatment resulted in complete remission of symptoms without any consequences.

Keywords

  • diving
  • pulmonary barotrauma
  • case
  • cerebral embolism
Open Access

Pulmonary Barotrauma During Hypoxia in a Diver While Underwater

Published Online: 30 Apr 2021
Page range: 45 - 50

Abstract

Abstract

The article describes a diver performing a dive at small depths in a dry suit, breathing from a single-stage apparatus placed on his back. As a result of training deficiencies, the diver began breathing from inside the suit, which led to hypoxia and subsequent uncontrolled ascent. Upon returning to the surface, the diver developed neurological symptoms based on which a diagnosis of pulmonary barotrauma was made. The diver was successfully treated with therapeutic recompression-decompression.

Keywords

  • diving
  • accident
  • hypoxia
  • pulmonary barotrauma
Open Access

Diver Poisoning with Contaminated Compresses Air

Published Online: 30 Apr 2021
Page range: 51 - 54

Abstract

Abstract

The paper describes the case of a military diver who suffered from a complicated poisoning caused by hydrocarbons contained in his breathing air. The hydrocarbons came from a malfunctioning compressor which was used to fill the diving cylinders; the compressor sucked in the exhaust gases of its own motor. Exhaust gas poisoning was further complicated by hypoxia and hypercapnia as the diver spat out the mouthpiece and started to breathe from inside the suit. This resulted in a loss of consciousness. The diver was extracted to the surface and was given oxygen to breathe. The course of treatment was successful. On the same day, symptoms of exhaust gas poisoning occurred in several divers using cylinders filled with the same compressor.

Keywords

  • diving
  • exhaust fumes
  • poisoning
  • hypercapnia
  • hypoxia
  • accident
Open Access

Epidemiology of Basal Cell Carcinoma – Observations of One Department

Published Online: 30 Apr 2021
Page range: 55 - 66

Abstract

Abstract

Introduction. Basal cell carcinoma is the most common malignant skin cancer. It is one of the so-called nonmelanoma skin cancers, the incidence of which has increased rapidly worldwide in recent years. Unfortunately, the National Cancer Registry in Poland does not classify basal cell skin cancer separately. Therefore, the precise data on the incidence in the population remain unknown.

Work objective. Retrospective analysis of the incidence of basal cell carcinoma in NZOZ Med-Laser in Lublin in the years 2005 – 2015 depending on gender, age group, place of residence (urban-rural) and clinical form of the disease.

Material and methodology. The data of NZOZ Med-Laser from the years 2005 - 2015 were used in the study. The data concern all patients with histopathologically diagnosed basal cell carcinoma, who during the period covered by the study were consulted either as outpatients or hospitalised in an institution providing dermatological services under contract with the National Health Fund (NFZ). Patients were divided into several groups depending on gender, age and place of residence. All groups were compared quantitatively and the results are shown in the figures below.

Results. The data collected indicate that between 2005 and 2015 a total of 922 patients with basal cell carcinoma received dermatological treatment. Over the years, there has been a clear increase in the number of patients with basal cell carcinoma. The disease occurred mainly in people over 59 years of age, with the majority of women living in cities. The most common locations of the cancer are nose, cheeks, forehead and temporal area. Histopathologically, solidum, superficiale, exulceratum and pseudoadenoides were the most frequently diagnosed forms.

Conclusions. Basal cell carcinoma of the skin is frequent in our society. Its incidence has been increasing in recent years. Therefore, action should be taken to create consistent international registries to gather reliable epidemiological data that would show the scale of the problem, which we are dealing with almost all over the world.

Keywords

  • basal cell carcinoma of the skin
  • epidemiology
  • nonmelanoma skin cancer
Open Access

Functional Movement Screening as a Predictor of Injury in Highly Trained Female’s Martial Arts Athletes

Published Online: 30 Apr 2021
Page range: 67 - 74

Abstract

Abstract

Objective. This research examines the emerging role of FMS™ in the context of predicting lower extremity injury in females University athletes. The secondary purpose of this study is to investigate the differences between FMS performance comparisons between three martial arts sports to establish baseline comparisons.

Method. Forty-seven university female athletes were recruited for this study, The data collected was separated into three groups based on their sports discipline (judo N=17 age: 19±4, wrestling N=15 age: 18±5, karate N=15 age: 19±3), Independent t-tests were performed on each group with significance being set at P<0.05 to determine difference in FMS™ scores between injured and non injured athletes during the successive competitive seasons. One-way analyses of variances were used to determine if there was a significant difference between sports, ‘body parts injured’ groups, and ‘mechanisms of injury’ groups.

Results. One-way analysis of variance revealed no statistically significant difference between the two (ankle, knee) injury groups, and non-injury group (F2,54= 2.34; p=0.106). There was no statistical difference between the pre-season FMS™ scores of the injured and non-injured groups (t47 = -1.68; P=.100; d=0.52; 95%CI: -0.11, 1.15). Finally, strong evidence of FMS score was found when comparing the three sports with one-way ANOVAs (F=5.83, df= 2, 54, p=0.005).

Conclusion. One of the more significant findings to emerge from this study is that FMS™ has emerged as a powerful tool for identifying lower extremity injury in female athletes. Further investigation and experimentation into FMS™ are strongly recommended before implementing them into a pre-participation physical examination (PPE) for combat sports. What is now needed is a cross-national study involving other sports.

Keywords

  • functional movement screen
  • injury
  • prevention
  • female
  • athletes
Open Access

Analysis of Accidents and Sickness of Divers and Scuba Divers at the Training Centre for Divesr and Scuba Divers of the Polish Army

Published Online: 30 Apr 2021
Page range: 75 - 78

Abstract

8 Articles
Open Access

Selected Risks of the Decompression Process. Part I: Selected Inherent Residual Risks in the Decompression Process

Published Online: 30 Apr 2021
Page range: 7 - 36

Abstract

Abstract

A safe transition from a higher-pressure atmosphere to a lower-pressure atmosphere is achieved by means of a planned decompression process, usually through changes in pressure and/or the composition of the breathing mix as a function of time. However, the decompression process is influenced by a greater number of inherent1 factors than merely changes in pressure and composition of the breathing mixture, the values of which should be maintained within certain ranges. However, there are instances where control over them cannot be maintained, leaving elements of residual risk2 to the decompression process. The safety of decompression should be assessed, inter alia, by analysing this risk for each implementation of the decompression process.

Keywords

  • decompression
  • decompression sickness
  • risk
  • hazard
Open Access

Evaluation of EEG Tests in the Amateur Diving Instructor Group and Correlation with the Occurrence of Sterile Bone Necrosis

Published Online: 30 Apr 2021
Page range: 37 - 40

Abstract

Abstract

The research undertaken was a continuation of previous studies relating to professional divers. The bioelectrical activity of the brain with an electronic electroencephalograph (EEG) was studied in a group of 89 instructors for amateur diving between 21 and 50 years of age. Pathological patterns were found in 15.7% of the subjects. In comparison with professional divers, the disturbances were significantly less frequent, but considerably more frequent in comparison with the control group. There was no relationship between the occurrence of the disorders in relation to the age of the examined person, however, the occurrence of the disorders was more frequent in persons with the least experience. Moreover, a correlation was found in one age group between abnormalities of EEG recording and the occurrence of sterile bone necrosis.

Keywords

  • amateur diving
  • EEG
  • sterile bone necrosis
Open Access

Cerebral Gas Embolism in the Course of Mildly Symptomatic Pulmonary Barotrauma in a Scuba Diver

Published Online: 30 Apr 2021
Page range: 41 - 44

Abstract

Abstract

The paper presents a case of pulmonary barotrauma in a scuba diver. Swallowing water and respiratory arrest during the ascent caused the trauma. Symptoms from the respiratory system (including the Behnke’s symptom) appeared several minutes after the completion of the dive and were not severe. However, symptoms from the peripheral nervous system, which appeared later, increased rapidly until the seizure episode and loss of consciousness. Hyperbaric treatment was applied in a decompression chamber on board the ship from which the dive was conducted. The treatment resulted in complete remission of symptoms without any consequences.

Keywords

  • diving
  • pulmonary barotrauma
  • case
  • cerebral embolism
Open Access

Pulmonary Barotrauma During Hypoxia in a Diver While Underwater

Published Online: 30 Apr 2021
Page range: 45 - 50

Abstract

Abstract

The article describes a diver performing a dive at small depths in a dry suit, breathing from a single-stage apparatus placed on his back. As a result of training deficiencies, the diver began breathing from inside the suit, which led to hypoxia and subsequent uncontrolled ascent. Upon returning to the surface, the diver developed neurological symptoms based on which a diagnosis of pulmonary barotrauma was made. The diver was successfully treated with therapeutic recompression-decompression.

Keywords

  • diving
  • accident
  • hypoxia
  • pulmonary barotrauma
Open Access

Diver Poisoning with Contaminated Compresses Air

Published Online: 30 Apr 2021
Page range: 51 - 54

Abstract

Abstract

The paper describes the case of a military diver who suffered from a complicated poisoning caused by hydrocarbons contained in his breathing air. The hydrocarbons came from a malfunctioning compressor which was used to fill the diving cylinders; the compressor sucked in the exhaust gases of its own motor. Exhaust gas poisoning was further complicated by hypoxia and hypercapnia as the diver spat out the mouthpiece and started to breathe from inside the suit. This resulted in a loss of consciousness. The diver was extracted to the surface and was given oxygen to breathe. The course of treatment was successful. On the same day, symptoms of exhaust gas poisoning occurred in several divers using cylinders filled with the same compressor.

Keywords

  • diving
  • exhaust fumes
  • poisoning
  • hypercapnia
  • hypoxia
  • accident
Open Access

Epidemiology of Basal Cell Carcinoma – Observations of One Department

Published Online: 30 Apr 2021
Page range: 55 - 66

Abstract

Abstract

Introduction. Basal cell carcinoma is the most common malignant skin cancer. It is one of the so-called nonmelanoma skin cancers, the incidence of which has increased rapidly worldwide in recent years. Unfortunately, the National Cancer Registry in Poland does not classify basal cell skin cancer separately. Therefore, the precise data on the incidence in the population remain unknown.

Work objective. Retrospective analysis of the incidence of basal cell carcinoma in NZOZ Med-Laser in Lublin in the years 2005 – 2015 depending on gender, age group, place of residence (urban-rural) and clinical form of the disease.

Material and methodology. The data of NZOZ Med-Laser from the years 2005 - 2015 were used in the study. The data concern all patients with histopathologically diagnosed basal cell carcinoma, who during the period covered by the study were consulted either as outpatients or hospitalised in an institution providing dermatological services under contract with the National Health Fund (NFZ). Patients were divided into several groups depending on gender, age and place of residence. All groups were compared quantitatively and the results are shown in the figures below.

Results. The data collected indicate that between 2005 and 2015 a total of 922 patients with basal cell carcinoma received dermatological treatment. Over the years, there has been a clear increase in the number of patients with basal cell carcinoma. The disease occurred mainly in people over 59 years of age, with the majority of women living in cities. The most common locations of the cancer are nose, cheeks, forehead and temporal area. Histopathologically, solidum, superficiale, exulceratum and pseudoadenoides were the most frequently diagnosed forms.

Conclusions. Basal cell carcinoma of the skin is frequent in our society. Its incidence has been increasing in recent years. Therefore, action should be taken to create consistent international registries to gather reliable epidemiological data that would show the scale of the problem, which we are dealing with almost all over the world.

Keywords

  • basal cell carcinoma of the skin
  • epidemiology
  • nonmelanoma skin cancer
Open Access

Functional Movement Screening as a Predictor of Injury in Highly Trained Female’s Martial Arts Athletes

Published Online: 30 Apr 2021
Page range: 67 - 74

Abstract

Abstract

Objective. This research examines the emerging role of FMS™ in the context of predicting lower extremity injury in females University athletes. The secondary purpose of this study is to investigate the differences between FMS performance comparisons between three martial arts sports to establish baseline comparisons.

Method. Forty-seven university female athletes were recruited for this study, The data collected was separated into three groups based on their sports discipline (judo N=17 age: 19±4, wrestling N=15 age: 18±5, karate N=15 age: 19±3), Independent t-tests were performed on each group with significance being set at P<0.05 to determine difference in FMS™ scores between injured and non injured athletes during the successive competitive seasons. One-way analyses of variances were used to determine if there was a significant difference between sports, ‘body parts injured’ groups, and ‘mechanisms of injury’ groups.

Results. One-way analysis of variance revealed no statistically significant difference between the two (ankle, knee) injury groups, and non-injury group (F2,54= 2.34; p=0.106). There was no statistical difference between the pre-season FMS™ scores of the injured and non-injured groups (t47 = -1.68; P=.100; d=0.52; 95%CI: -0.11, 1.15). Finally, strong evidence of FMS score was found when comparing the three sports with one-way ANOVAs (F=5.83, df= 2, 54, p=0.005).

Conclusion. One of the more significant findings to emerge from this study is that FMS™ has emerged as a powerful tool for identifying lower extremity injury in female athletes. Further investigation and experimentation into FMS™ are strongly recommended before implementing them into a pre-participation physical examination (PPE) for combat sports. What is now needed is a cross-national study involving other sports.

Keywords

  • functional movement screen
  • injury
  • prevention
  • female
  • athletes
Open Access

Analysis of Accidents and Sickness of Divers and Scuba Divers at the Training Centre for Divesr and Scuba Divers of the Polish Army

Published Online: 30 Apr 2021
Page range: 75 - 78

Abstract

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