Issues

Journal & Issues

Volume 24 (2022): Issue 1 (June 2022)

Volume 23 (2021): Issue 2 (December 2021)

Volume 23 (2021): Issue 1 (June 2021)

Volume 22 (2020): Issue 2 (December 2020)

Volume 22 (2020): Issue 1 (June 2020)

Volume 21 (2019): Issue 2 (December 2019)

Volume 21 (2019): Issue 1 (June 2019)

Volume 20 (2018): Issue 2 (December 2018)

Volume 20 (2018): Issue 1 (June 2018)

Volume 19 (2017): Issue 2 (December 2017)

Volume 19 (2017): Issue 1 (June 2017)

Volume 18 (2016): Issue 2 (December 2016)

Volume 18 (2016): Issue 1 (June 2016)

Volume 17 (2015): Issue 2 (December 2015)

Volume 17 (2015): Issue 1 (June 2015)

Volume 16 (2014): Issue 2 (December 2014)

Volume 16 (2014): Issue 1 (June 2014)

Volume 15 (2013): Issue 2 (December 2013)

Volume 15 (2013): Issue 1 (June 2013)

Volume 14 (2012): Issue 2 (December 2012)

Volume 14 (2012): Issue 1 (June 2012)

Volume 13 (2011): Issue 2 (December 2011)

Volume 13 (2011): Issue 1 (June 2011)

Volume 12 (2010): Issue 2 (December 2010)

Volume 12 (2010): Issue 1 (June 2010)

Volume 11 (2009): Issue 2 (December 2009)

Volume 11 (2009): Issue 1 (June 2009)

Volume 10 (2008): Issue 2008 (December 2008)

Volume 9 (2008): Issue 2008 (June 2008)

Volume 8 (2007): Issue 2007 (December 2007)

Volume 7 (2007): Issue 2007 (June 2007)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1691-5534
First Published
04 May 2009
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 21 (2019): Issue 2 (December 2019)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1691-5534
First Published
04 May 2009
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English

Search

11 Articles
Open Access

JTES Approaches to Sustainability: Current Practices and New Perspectives for a More Sustainable World

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 1 - 4

Abstract

Open Access

Measuring Teachers-As-Learners’ Digital Skills and Readiness to Study Online for Successful e-Learning Experience

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 5 - 16

Abstract

Abstract

Previous studies have analysed the need to measure learners’ readiness for online learning. In the framework of education reform in Latvia, by the end of 2021 the National Centre for Education will implement online courses for all school teachers. However, there is a lack of studies investigating teachers-as-learners’ readiness to study online in Latvia. The aim of the study was to assess Latvian teachers’ readiness to study online with focus on the differences of respondents’ socio-demographic or professional characteristics. 1092 teachers from 100 schools filled in the self-evaluation survey form online. Statistically significant differences were found in all subscales of the survey. Differences in digital skills and in readiness to study online were found at all education levels by respondents’ gender, age group or place of living. Younger respondents, males or city inhabitants showed higher rates. E-learning course should be customized, taking into account learners’ socio-demographic parameters and online learning readiness rate.

Keywords

  • digital skills
  • e-learning
  • lifelong learning
  • online learning
  • self-paced learning
  • teachers-as-learners
  • teacher education
Open Access

The Effect of Early Childhood Education and Care Services in Latvia

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 17 - 26

Abstract

Abstract

The growing number of studies stresses the importance of social investment at an early age by showing that social investment at this period has the highest returns in human capital. The main instrument of social investment at an early age is high quality early childhood education and care services. The aim of the research was to identify whether the first signs of social investment return could be observed in Latvia, since statistic data showed that there was an expansion of early childhood education and care services over the last decades, especially for children until obligatory pre-school age. Research results showed that positive connection could be observed between pre-school attendance rate and fertility rate, female and overall employment rate, average earning, etc. However, no connection could be observed when it came to education outcomes in the short term. The author recommends conducting more research regarding service quality and investment return in the future.

Keywords

  • child development
  • early childhood education and care services
  • social investment return
  • women employment
Open Access

Detailed Images for Sustainability Development in Cross-Sectional Human Anatomy

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 27 - 37

Abstract

Abstract

In medical education and preclinical, clinical and transdisciplinary studies, tutors should be able to perform and offer qualitative study courses with more articulated perspective on higher educational sustainable development in higher education. Digital images have found their direct way to education in different medical areas. The aims of the study are to assess and verify the impact of cross-sectional images on the study process of Human Anatomy. In 2018, two randomly selected groups of 200 students from 2nd study year, Faculty of Medicine (Rīga Stradiņš University) were asked by tutors to identify several anatomical structures, using a three-dimensional virtual dissection table “Anatomage”. Group I analyzed cross-sectional images after cutting and segmentation of human body with interactive tools. Group II studied X-ray pictures, computerized tomography scans and magnetic resonance images of different regions and systems. The present paper focuses on the rate of cross-sectional image effectiveness in both groups. Analyzed detailed images represent their role in teaching and learning of Human Anatomy. Interpretation of these medical images will require very deep anatomical knowledge from basic studies until clinical courses.

Keywords

  • higher education
  • medical images (x-ray, CT and MRI)
  • anatomical studies for more sustainable perspective
Open Access

Analytical Study Based on Perspectives of Teacher Educators in India with Respect to Education for Sustainable Development

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 38 - 55

Abstract

Abstract

Education for sustainable development (ESD) has been accepted worldwide as one of the most powerful paradigms of thinking, which has a potential for changing the ongoing course of unsustainable development in order to save the fate of life on Mother Earth. As we prepare ourselves to achieve the 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) of United Nations 2030 Agenda, it is crucial to analyze and reflect on the initiatives taken, which aim at sensitizing the stakeholders of education with the holistic concept of ESD, especially when it has been reported in the literature that countries of the Asia Pacific region have been slow in formally embracing the concept of ESD in their education system. With this contextual background, the present research paper aimed at understanding the prevailing perception of ESD amongst the teacher educators of India. A qualitative deductive content analysis methodology was adopted for an in-depth analysis of the subjective responses of teacher educators, teaching graduate and post-graduate level courses of teacher education programs of India’s Chandigarh region. A codebook was developed on the basis of UNESCO’s Teaching and Learning for a Sustainable Future (TLSF) program for the analysis. The findings of the research identified how and to what extent the indicators of ESD were addressed through broader categories of knowledge, skills and values. The research joins larger conversation of reorienting the teacher education programs particularly through the lens of cultural sustainability to achieve a sustainable future.

Keywords

  • teacher education
  • curriculum framework
  • content analysis
  • education for sustainable development
  • cultural sustainability
Open Access

Students’ Participation in Search for Sustainability: A Case Study from Lithuania

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 56 - 72

Abstract

Abstract

While many studies explain the contributions of economics and environmental protection to social sustainability, and discuss how to achieve sustainable development (SD) through education, less is known about change processes in order to ensure the sustainable development at school. The authors emphasize that as active members of the school community, students should get involved in the school transformation processes. However, is a contemporary school ready for this? The study aims at answering the following questions: How are students as active participants of educational relationship involved in the change processes and how should their involvement be managed seeking sustainability by examining the education institution located in Lithuania? The findings demonstrate that the process of the student involvement in the school transformation process has been explored applying the qualitative approach strategies (integrated theoretical model for change management and case study) from two points of view: theoretical (by analyzing the documents governing the school transformation process) and practical (by analyzing the reflections of the school principal’s in-depth interview concerning the student involvement in school transformation processes).

Keywords

  • student
  • rules for students
  • sustainability
  • process of change
Open Access

Relationship between Proactivity and Personal Pedagogical Knowledge in ESD among Pre-service Teachers: Sub-sampling on Social Media Usage and Subject Discipline

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 73 - 90

Abstract

Abstract

Personal Pedagogical Knowledge (PPK), one of the elementary factors of Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK), explains how teacher personality influences his/her unique way of teaching. It is an inevitable part of the Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). Pre-service teachers, who are participating in the knowledge management program for sustainable development, should possess strengthened or organized PPK. The curriculum of Teacher Education should have been reconfigured to conceptualize PPK as a lens to observe various teaching competences needed for sustainability. The personality of a teacher is considered right only when he/she organizes his/her behavior in a proactive way. It means the teacher should develop an ability to be in patience on the right path even though the situation is unfavorable. Proactivity organizes PPK that means the teacher personality is strong enough to make gradual changes in the unfavorable situation and turn it into favorable. This study aims at examining the relationship between Pro-activity and PPK among pre-service teachers based on their social media usage and subject discipline in the context of ESD. The major objectives are as follows: (1) to find out the extent of Proactivity and PPK among pre-service teachers in the context of ESD and (2) to find out the relationship between Proactivity and PPK among pre-service teachers. The study adopted a normative survey method by sampling 60 pre-service teachers from science and arts/humanities discipline. The sample is also categorized based on whether the pre-service teachers are users or not users of social media for propagating sustainability. Major findings are as follows: (1) there are significant pairwise differences in the Proactivity and PPK scores of high, average and low levels in the context of sustainability among pre-service teachers; (2) pre-service teachers using social media and those from arts/humanities discipline are exhibiting high levels of Proactivity and PPK than those who are not using social media and those from Science Education; and (3) there is a substantial relationship between Proactivity and PPK among pre-service teachers in whole and relevant sub-samples based on social media usage and subject-discipline regarding ESD.

Keywords

  • Education for Sustainable Development (ESD)
  • pedagogical method
  • Personal Pedagogical Knowledge (PPK)
  • pre-service teachers
  • proactivity
  • teacher education for sustainability
  • social media
Open Access

Quality, Equity, Inclusion and Lifelong Learning in Pre-service Teacher Education

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 91 - 104

Abstract

Abstract

Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4) focuses on ensuring inclusive and equitable, quality education and lifelong learning opportunities for all. One of the three means of implementation of SDG 4 targets is SDG 4c which calls on countries and donors to significantly increase the supply of qualified teachers in developing and underdeveloped countries. This emphasis on the supply of teachers is in recognition of the fact that the quality of education ultimately depends on teachers. In general, there is widespread agreement that teacher education has an important role to play in the achievement of the SDG 4 targets. However, there has been limited attention in the literature to SDG 4 in a context of teacher education. This paper aims to contribute to the literature on SDG 4 and teacher education. The paper first presents a conceptual framework pertaining to quality, equity, inclusion, and lifelong learning. Next, the framework is applied to the case of Thailand to identify examples of progress the country is making in support of realization of SDG 4 in teacher education. The framework with the four concepts can be applied by researchers to identify examples of progress on SDG 4 in teacher education in other countries and contexts.

Keywords

  • teacher education
  • sustainability
  • equity
  • inclusion
  • quality
  • lifelong learning
Open Access

ESD for All: Learnings from the #IndigenousESD Global Research

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 105 - 120

Abstract

Abstract

Education is recognized a human right for all. Though, Indigenous communities do not yet enjoy their full rights to education and are put at risk of losing their Indigenous culture and identity. A new research initiative, holding dialogues discussing the perceived outcomes of quality education in the eyes of several stakeholders, shows that access and retention in equitable and inclusive quality education as described in SDG 4 are highly valued. The research was jointly developed and carried out by researchers and Indigenous communities in 29 countries. Twenty-first century knowledge and skills are crucial for future Indigenous generations to create their livelihood and successfully engage in both Indigenous community life as well as mainstream society. Learning within formal school systems to understand their Indigenous heritage and keep the connection to their environment despite aspiring modern lifestyles, creates relevance which enhances both learning and retention. Beyond twenty-first century competencies, vital elements of education quality seen as relevant for Indigenous youth are aligned with education for sustainable development and applicable for all learners.

Keywords

  • education for sustainable development
  • Indigenous youth
  • global research
  • research network
Open Access

Willingness to Communicate, Possible Selves, Learner Autonomy, and Academic Target Needs: Implications for Sustainable Development in L2 Pedagogy

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 121 - 138

Abstract

Abstract

Life-long learning requires that language learners be well prepared for the target situations they will be operating in. To achieve this goal and to improve education for sustainable development, language teachers and language educators need to motivate language learners to participate in the target language. The present study, therefore, investigated the relationships between willingness to communicate (WTC) and possible selves, WTC and learner autonomy, and WTC and academic target needs in an English for Academic Purposes (EAP) context to open up new horizons for sustainable L2 learning. In addition, the present study was aimed at examining the extent to which WTC, possible selves, and learner autonomy would predict academic target needs. Five hundred and ninety male and female undergraduate students from two state-run universities in Iran participated in this study. The present study used four questionnaires to collect the data, and SPSS (version 25) was used to analyze the data. The findings showed a significant positive relationship between WTC and possible selves. Finally, results from hierarchical multiple regression revealed that WTC, possible selves, and learner autonomy were predictors of academic target needs. The findings suggest that the interplay of several variables should be considered if language learners need to actively communicate in L2 academic settings. Implications for sustainable development in L2 pedagogy are also discussed.

Keywords

  • learner autonomy
  • possible selves
  • target needs
  • sustainable learning
Open Access

Integrating Sustainable Development Requirements into the Secondary Stage Chemistry Curriculum in Egypt

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 139 - 154

Abstract

Abstract

The problem of the current research lies in the need to integrate some requirements of the sustainable development (SD) in secondary school chemistry curriculum. The research specifically seeks to answer the following question: What “requirements of sustainable development” should be taught in the secondary school chemistry curriculum in Egypt? To that end, the researcher analyzed the content of chemistry curricula in the three grades of secondary education in Egypt for the school year 2017–2018, and prepared a list of 57 SD requirements. It should be noted that fifteen requirements of sustainable development at the second-grade secondary stage were distributed into five units; the third unit included one requirement; the fourth unit comprised four requirements; and the fifth unit – one requirement. Regarding curriculum at the third-grade secondary stage, 17 requirements of sustainable development were integrated and distributed along five units.

Keywords

  • sustainable development requirements
  • chemistry curriculum
  • secondary stage
11 Articles
Open Access

JTES Approaches to Sustainability: Current Practices and New Perspectives for a More Sustainable World

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 1 - 4

Abstract

Open Access

Measuring Teachers-As-Learners’ Digital Skills and Readiness to Study Online for Successful e-Learning Experience

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 5 - 16

Abstract

Abstract

Previous studies have analysed the need to measure learners’ readiness for online learning. In the framework of education reform in Latvia, by the end of 2021 the National Centre for Education will implement online courses for all school teachers. However, there is a lack of studies investigating teachers-as-learners’ readiness to study online in Latvia. The aim of the study was to assess Latvian teachers’ readiness to study online with focus on the differences of respondents’ socio-demographic or professional characteristics. 1092 teachers from 100 schools filled in the self-evaluation survey form online. Statistically significant differences were found in all subscales of the survey. Differences in digital skills and in readiness to study online were found at all education levels by respondents’ gender, age group or place of living. Younger respondents, males or city inhabitants showed higher rates. E-learning course should be customized, taking into account learners’ socio-demographic parameters and online learning readiness rate.

Keywords

  • digital skills
  • e-learning
  • lifelong learning
  • online learning
  • self-paced learning
  • teachers-as-learners
  • teacher education
Open Access

The Effect of Early Childhood Education and Care Services in Latvia

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 17 - 26

Abstract

Abstract

The growing number of studies stresses the importance of social investment at an early age by showing that social investment at this period has the highest returns in human capital. The main instrument of social investment at an early age is high quality early childhood education and care services. The aim of the research was to identify whether the first signs of social investment return could be observed in Latvia, since statistic data showed that there was an expansion of early childhood education and care services over the last decades, especially for children until obligatory pre-school age. Research results showed that positive connection could be observed between pre-school attendance rate and fertility rate, female and overall employment rate, average earning, etc. However, no connection could be observed when it came to education outcomes in the short term. The author recommends conducting more research regarding service quality and investment return in the future.

Keywords

  • child development
  • early childhood education and care services
  • social investment return
  • women employment
Open Access

Detailed Images for Sustainability Development in Cross-Sectional Human Anatomy

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 27 - 37

Abstract

Abstract

In medical education and preclinical, clinical and transdisciplinary studies, tutors should be able to perform and offer qualitative study courses with more articulated perspective on higher educational sustainable development in higher education. Digital images have found their direct way to education in different medical areas. The aims of the study are to assess and verify the impact of cross-sectional images on the study process of Human Anatomy. In 2018, two randomly selected groups of 200 students from 2nd study year, Faculty of Medicine (Rīga Stradiņš University) were asked by tutors to identify several anatomical structures, using a three-dimensional virtual dissection table “Anatomage”. Group I analyzed cross-sectional images after cutting and segmentation of human body with interactive tools. Group II studied X-ray pictures, computerized tomography scans and magnetic resonance images of different regions and systems. The present paper focuses on the rate of cross-sectional image effectiveness in both groups. Analyzed detailed images represent their role in teaching and learning of Human Anatomy. Interpretation of these medical images will require very deep anatomical knowledge from basic studies until clinical courses.

Keywords

  • higher education
  • medical images (x-ray, CT and MRI)
  • anatomical studies for more sustainable perspective
Open Access

Analytical Study Based on Perspectives of Teacher Educators in India with Respect to Education for Sustainable Development

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 38 - 55

Abstract

Abstract

Education for sustainable development (ESD) has been accepted worldwide as one of the most powerful paradigms of thinking, which has a potential for changing the ongoing course of unsustainable development in order to save the fate of life on Mother Earth. As we prepare ourselves to achieve the 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) of United Nations 2030 Agenda, it is crucial to analyze and reflect on the initiatives taken, which aim at sensitizing the stakeholders of education with the holistic concept of ESD, especially when it has been reported in the literature that countries of the Asia Pacific region have been slow in formally embracing the concept of ESD in their education system. With this contextual background, the present research paper aimed at understanding the prevailing perception of ESD amongst the teacher educators of India. A qualitative deductive content analysis methodology was adopted for an in-depth analysis of the subjective responses of teacher educators, teaching graduate and post-graduate level courses of teacher education programs of India’s Chandigarh region. A codebook was developed on the basis of UNESCO’s Teaching and Learning for a Sustainable Future (TLSF) program for the analysis. The findings of the research identified how and to what extent the indicators of ESD were addressed through broader categories of knowledge, skills and values. The research joins larger conversation of reorienting the teacher education programs particularly through the lens of cultural sustainability to achieve a sustainable future.

Keywords

  • teacher education
  • curriculum framework
  • content analysis
  • education for sustainable development
  • cultural sustainability
Open Access

Students’ Participation in Search for Sustainability: A Case Study from Lithuania

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 56 - 72

Abstract

Abstract

While many studies explain the contributions of economics and environmental protection to social sustainability, and discuss how to achieve sustainable development (SD) through education, less is known about change processes in order to ensure the sustainable development at school. The authors emphasize that as active members of the school community, students should get involved in the school transformation processes. However, is a contemporary school ready for this? The study aims at answering the following questions: How are students as active participants of educational relationship involved in the change processes and how should their involvement be managed seeking sustainability by examining the education institution located in Lithuania? The findings demonstrate that the process of the student involvement in the school transformation process has been explored applying the qualitative approach strategies (integrated theoretical model for change management and case study) from two points of view: theoretical (by analyzing the documents governing the school transformation process) and practical (by analyzing the reflections of the school principal’s in-depth interview concerning the student involvement in school transformation processes).

Keywords

  • student
  • rules for students
  • sustainability
  • process of change
Open Access

Relationship between Proactivity and Personal Pedagogical Knowledge in ESD among Pre-service Teachers: Sub-sampling on Social Media Usage and Subject Discipline

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 73 - 90

Abstract

Abstract

Personal Pedagogical Knowledge (PPK), one of the elementary factors of Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK), explains how teacher personality influences his/her unique way of teaching. It is an inevitable part of the Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). Pre-service teachers, who are participating in the knowledge management program for sustainable development, should possess strengthened or organized PPK. The curriculum of Teacher Education should have been reconfigured to conceptualize PPK as a lens to observe various teaching competences needed for sustainability. The personality of a teacher is considered right only when he/she organizes his/her behavior in a proactive way. It means the teacher should develop an ability to be in patience on the right path even though the situation is unfavorable. Proactivity organizes PPK that means the teacher personality is strong enough to make gradual changes in the unfavorable situation and turn it into favorable. This study aims at examining the relationship between Pro-activity and PPK among pre-service teachers based on their social media usage and subject discipline in the context of ESD. The major objectives are as follows: (1) to find out the extent of Proactivity and PPK among pre-service teachers in the context of ESD and (2) to find out the relationship between Proactivity and PPK among pre-service teachers. The study adopted a normative survey method by sampling 60 pre-service teachers from science and arts/humanities discipline. The sample is also categorized based on whether the pre-service teachers are users or not users of social media for propagating sustainability. Major findings are as follows: (1) there are significant pairwise differences in the Proactivity and PPK scores of high, average and low levels in the context of sustainability among pre-service teachers; (2) pre-service teachers using social media and those from arts/humanities discipline are exhibiting high levels of Proactivity and PPK than those who are not using social media and those from Science Education; and (3) there is a substantial relationship between Proactivity and PPK among pre-service teachers in whole and relevant sub-samples based on social media usage and subject-discipline regarding ESD.

Keywords

  • Education for Sustainable Development (ESD)
  • pedagogical method
  • Personal Pedagogical Knowledge (PPK)
  • pre-service teachers
  • proactivity
  • teacher education for sustainability
  • social media
Open Access

Quality, Equity, Inclusion and Lifelong Learning in Pre-service Teacher Education

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 91 - 104

Abstract

Abstract

Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4) focuses on ensuring inclusive and equitable, quality education and lifelong learning opportunities for all. One of the three means of implementation of SDG 4 targets is SDG 4c which calls on countries and donors to significantly increase the supply of qualified teachers in developing and underdeveloped countries. This emphasis on the supply of teachers is in recognition of the fact that the quality of education ultimately depends on teachers. In general, there is widespread agreement that teacher education has an important role to play in the achievement of the SDG 4 targets. However, there has been limited attention in the literature to SDG 4 in a context of teacher education. This paper aims to contribute to the literature on SDG 4 and teacher education. The paper first presents a conceptual framework pertaining to quality, equity, inclusion, and lifelong learning. Next, the framework is applied to the case of Thailand to identify examples of progress the country is making in support of realization of SDG 4 in teacher education. The framework with the four concepts can be applied by researchers to identify examples of progress on SDG 4 in teacher education in other countries and contexts.

Keywords

  • teacher education
  • sustainability
  • equity
  • inclusion
  • quality
  • lifelong learning
Open Access

ESD for All: Learnings from the #IndigenousESD Global Research

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 105 - 120

Abstract

Abstract

Education is recognized a human right for all. Though, Indigenous communities do not yet enjoy their full rights to education and are put at risk of losing their Indigenous culture and identity. A new research initiative, holding dialogues discussing the perceived outcomes of quality education in the eyes of several stakeholders, shows that access and retention in equitable and inclusive quality education as described in SDG 4 are highly valued. The research was jointly developed and carried out by researchers and Indigenous communities in 29 countries. Twenty-first century knowledge and skills are crucial for future Indigenous generations to create their livelihood and successfully engage in both Indigenous community life as well as mainstream society. Learning within formal school systems to understand their Indigenous heritage and keep the connection to their environment despite aspiring modern lifestyles, creates relevance which enhances both learning and retention. Beyond twenty-first century competencies, vital elements of education quality seen as relevant for Indigenous youth are aligned with education for sustainable development and applicable for all learners.

Keywords

  • education for sustainable development
  • Indigenous youth
  • global research
  • research network
Open Access

Willingness to Communicate, Possible Selves, Learner Autonomy, and Academic Target Needs: Implications for Sustainable Development in L2 Pedagogy

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 121 - 138

Abstract

Abstract

Life-long learning requires that language learners be well prepared for the target situations they will be operating in. To achieve this goal and to improve education for sustainable development, language teachers and language educators need to motivate language learners to participate in the target language. The present study, therefore, investigated the relationships between willingness to communicate (WTC) and possible selves, WTC and learner autonomy, and WTC and academic target needs in an English for Academic Purposes (EAP) context to open up new horizons for sustainable L2 learning. In addition, the present study was aimed at examining the extent to which WTC, possible selves, and learner autonomy would predict academic target needs. Five hundred and ninety male and female undergraduate students from two state-run universities in Iran participated in this study. The present study used four questionnaires to collect the data, and SPSS (version 25) was used to analyze the data. The findings showed a significant positive relationship between WTC and possible selves. Finally, results from hierarchical multiple regression revealed that WTC, possible selves, and learner autonomy were predictors of academic target needs. The findings suggest that the interplay of several variables should be considered if language learners need to actively communicate in L2 academic settings. Implications for sustainable development in L2 pedagogy are also discussed.

Keywords

  • learner autonomy
  • possible selves
  • target needs
  • sustainable learning
Open Access

Integrating Sustainable Development Requirements into the Secondary Stage Chemistry Curriculum in Egypt

Published Online: 13 Feb 2020
Page range: 139 - 154

Abstract

Abstract

The problem of the current research lies in the need to integrate some requirements of the sustainable development (SD) in secondary school chemistry curriculum. The research specifically seeks to answer the following question: What “requirements of sustainable development” should be taught in the secondary school chemistry curriculum in Egypt? To that end, the researcher analyzed the content of chemistry curricula in the three grades of secondary education in Egypt for the school year 2017–2018, and prepared a list of 57 SD requirements. It should be noted that fifteen requirements of sustainable development at the second-grade secondary stage were distributed into five units; the third unit included one requirement; the fourth unit comprised four requirements; and the fifth unit – one requirement. Regarding curriculum at the third-grade secondary stage, 17 requirements of sustainable development were integrated and distributed along five units.

Keywords

  • sustainable development requirements
  • chemistry curriculum
  • secondary stage

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo