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Children's Language and Communicative Knowledge, Part Two. In childhood and beyond, Edición Editor: Barbara Bokus

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Children's Language and Communicative Knowledge, Part One. In Memory of Professor Grace Wales Shugar, Edición Editor: Barbara Bokus

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Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2083-8506
Publicado por primera vez
01 Jan 1997
Periodo de publicación
1 tiempo por año
Idiomas
Inglés

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Volumen 24 (2020): Edición 1 (January 2020)

Detalles de la revista
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2083-8506
Publicado por primera vez
01 Jan 1997
Periodo de publicación
1 tiempo por año
Idiomas
Inglés

Buscar

9 Artículos

Special Issue: Developmental Psycholinguistics: Old Questions, New Answers, Edited by Marlena Bartczak, Ewa Haman, Natalia Banasik-Jemielniak

Acceso abierto

Negation Polarizes Agreement Dynamics During Sentence Comprehension

Publicado en línea: 13 Apr 2020
Páginas: 1 - 21

Resumen

Abstract

In a forced-choice mouse-tracking paradigm, true and false statements (ranging from very true, to ambiguous, to very false) were tested in both affirmative and negated forms. Replicating prior research, mouse trajectories reveal subtle differences in a continuum of true to false statements. However, negation modifies this process, particularly for very true statements (i.e. Bread is not made from sand). The mouse trajectories were more curved with negated sentences, with end-points of the continuum of truth (very true and very false statements) having the greatest area under the curve. The proposed explanation is the pragmatic meaning of a negated statement such as “Gummie bears are not alive” is infelicitous, whereas a true statement “People live on Earth” is felicitous. This study reveals the online dynamics of processing these statements and possible confusion, particularly when very true statements contain a negation.

Palabras clave

  • Embodiment
  • Eye-tracking
  • Language processing
  • Metaphor & Figurative
  • Language
  • Pragmaticss
Acceso abierto

Academic Mothers’ Definitions of Bilingualism, Bilinguality, and Family Language Policies

Publicado en línea: 13 Apr 2020
Páginas: 22 - 43

Resumen

Abstract

Bilingual partnerships (Piller & Pavlenko, 2004) and transnational families (Hirsch & Lee, 2018) are on the rise. With mothers spending more time with their children at home, even in dual career partnerships (Hochschild & Machung, 1989), the labor of family language policy (FLP) implementation often falls on them. While increasingly more new hires in academia are women (Finkelstein, Seal, & Schuster, 1998), only 31% of them are mothers (Perna, 2003). In this work, we examine the dominant discourses regarding bilingualism and FLP among academic mothers who find themselves at an intersection of multiple and often competing social positions. Data was collected from 46 academic mothers residing in linguistically-different host societies but all whom gather in an online community they have co-created. Data collection procedure included 22 open-ended questions exploring bilingualism and FLP orientations. Iterative and recursive content analysis was performed, yielding thematic patterns centering around language ideologies, practices, and bilinguality.

Palabras clave

  • bilingualism
  • academic mothers
  • family language policy
  • transnationalism
Acceso abierto

Emotional Speech Comprehension in Deaf Children with Cochlear Implant

Publicado en línea: 13 Apr 2020
Páginas: 44 - 69

Resumen

Abstract

We examined the understanding of emotional speech by deaf children with cochlear implant (CI). Thirty deaf children with CI and 60 typically developing controls (matched on chronological age or hearing age) performed a computerized task featuring emotional prosody, either embedded in a discrepant context or without any context at all. Across the task conditions, the deaf participants with CI scored lower on the prosody-bases responses than their peers matched on chronological age or hearing age. Additionally, we analyzed the effect of age on determining correct prosody-based responses and we found that hearing age was a predictor of the accuracy of prosody-based responses. We discuss these findings with respect to delay in prosody and intermodal processing. Future research should aim to specify the nature of the cognitive processes that would be required to process prosody.

Palabras clave

  • Emotional speech
  • Prosody
  • Deaf children
  • Implant cochlear
  • Pragmatic abilities
Acceso abierto

Developmental Psycholinguistics: Old Questions, New Answers

Publicado en línea: 26 Sep 2020
Páginas: 70 - 78

Resumen

Acceso abierto

Self-Presentation and Language Abstraction in Recruitment Context

Publicado en línea: 26 Sep 2020
Páginas: 79 - 89

Resumen

Abstract

The present research explicates how job applicants employ language abstraction to present themselves as a good or bad candidate. According to the LIB theory (Maass, Salvi, Arcuri, & Semin, 1989), we tested the hypothesis that, with positive instruction (i.e., to be recruited), participants’ responses would be more abstract with positive items and more concrete with negative items. Conversely, we expected that participants’ responses would be more concrete with positive items and more abstract with negative ones when the instruction was negative (i.e., to not be recruited). Results of this experiment (N = 85 French participants) confirm our hypothesis and revealed a strong interaction effect between level of language abstraction and goal of self-presentation. Implications for linguistic bias effect and normative behavior in the interpersonal context of recruitment are discussed.

Palabras clave

  • language abstraction
  • personal recruitment
  • individual goal
  • interpersonal context
Acceso abierto

Applying a Newly Learned Second Language Dimension to the Unknown: The Influence of Second Language Mandarin Tones on the Naïve Perception of Thai Tones

Publicado en línea: 09 Nov 2020
Páginas: 90 - 123

Resumen

Abstract

This study investigates whether L2 Mandarin learners can generalize experience with Mandarin tones to unfamiliar tones (i.e., Thai). Three language groups – L1 English/ L2 Mandarin learners (n=18), L1 Mandarin speakers (n=30), L1 monolingual English speakers (n=23) – were tested on the perception of unfamiliar Thai tones on ABX tasks. L2 Mandarin learners and L1 Mandarin speakers perceived Thai tones more accurately than L1 English non-learners. Mandarin learners L1 speakers showed priming on Mandarin tones on a lexical decision task with repetition priming, suggesting L2 tones had been encoded within lexical representations of L2 Mandarin words. However, results must be interpreted cautiously, with an absence of expected priming and presence of unexpected priming. In sum, learners can transfer L2 tone experience to unfamiliar tones, expanding the Feature Hypothesis (McAllister, Flege, & Piske, 2002) to include L2 influence as well. In addition, results indicate a potential disconnect between perception and encoding.

Palabras clave

  • tone
  • third language
  • perception
  • phonolexical encoding
Acceso abierto

Conflicting Nature of Social-Pragmatic Cues with Mutual Exclusivity Regarding Three-Year-Olds’ Label-Referent Mappings

Publicado en línea: 09 Nov 2020
Páginas: 124 - 141

Resumen

Abstract

The present research aims at finding to what extent social-pragmatic cues that conflict with mutual exclusivity lead preschoolers to exclude a novel object as a referent for a novel word. Sixty early and late 3-year-old preschoolers randomly participated in one of the three conditions. In the first condition, preschoolers’ tendency to select an unfamiliar object for an unfamiliar word is investigated in the absence of social-pragmatic cues that contradict mutual exclusivity. The second condition is aimed to investigate if partial social-pragmatic cues, such as pointing towards a familiar object, interfere with mutual exclusivity. In the third condition, pointing towards a familiar object is accompanied by gazing alternately between the familiar object and preschoolers to investigate whether preschoolers abandon or still honor mutual exclusivity. The results indicate that in the absence of any social-pragmatic cues, preschoolers use a familiar object as a cue leading them to match a novel object with a novel word. Partial cues such as pointing towards familiar objects do not make any significant difference in preschoolers’ familiar/unfamiliar object selection for an unfamiliar word. If both of the social-pragmatic cues are available, preschoolers suspend mutual exclusivity in indirect word learning situations.

Palabras clave

  • mutual exclusivity
  • word learning
  • social-pragmatic cues
  • gaze alternation
  • pointing
Acceso abierto

L2 Motivational Self System, International Posture, and the Socioeconomic Factor in Efl at University Level: The Case of Chile

Publicado en línea: 31 Dec 2020
Páginas: 142 - 174

Resumen

Abstract

Motivation plays a critical role in L2 language learning and has proven to be a strong predictor of success in learning a foreign language (Biedroń & Pawlak, 2016). The Second Language Motivational Self System (L2MSS) is one of the most prominent theories developed by Dörnyei (2009), which has been studied in relation to different variables affecting language learning motivation. The aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between L2MSS components, international posture, and socioeconomic status among university students. The participants of this study were 134 non-English major university students. The results suggest that the ideal L2 self, and the L2 learning experience are related to international posture insert a comma after posture whereas the L2 learning experience is a stronger predictor of students’ motivated behavior. Future research should investigate the development of future selves in instructed language learning contexts conducive to enhancing and increasing motivation to learn English.

Palabras clave

  • international posture
  • L2 motivation L2MSS
  • socioeconomic status
Acceso abierto

Mothers’ Use of Gestures and their Relationship to Children’s Lexical Production

Publicado en línea: 31 Dec 2020
Páginas: 175 - 200

Resumen

Abstract

This study examines the relationship between mothers’ use of gestures and the lexical production of their children, measured in a joint book-reading task. Fifteen mother-child dyads participated, all monolingual native speakers of Mexican Spanish. Children were boys and girls with typical development, aged 48 months. Each reading session was videotaped and analyzed to calculate the gestural production of mothers and the lexical production of children. The results showed a significant positive correlation between the number of mothers’ gestures and the number of distinct words used by the children. Mothers’ gestural communication was related to the size of the vocabulary children produced in joint book-reading.

Palabras clave

  • gestures
  • deictic
  • lexical production
  • joint book-reading
9 Artículos

Special Issue: Developmental Psycholinguistics: Old Questions, New Answers, Edited by Marlena Bartczak, Ewa Haman, Natalia Banasik-Jemielniak

Acceso abierto

Negation Polarizes Agreement Dynamics During Sentence Comprehension

Publicado en línea: 13 Apr 2020
Páginas: 1 - 21

Resumen

Abstract

In a forced-choice mouse-tracking paradigm, true and false statements (ranging from very true, to ambiguous, to very false) were tested in both affirmative and negated forms. Replicating prior research, mouse trajectories reveal subtle differences in a continuum of true to false statements. However, negation modifies this process, particularly for very true statements (i.e. Bread is not made from sand). The mouse trajectories were more curved with negated sentences, with end-points of the continuum of truth (very true and very false statements) having the greatest area under the curve. The proposed explanation is the pragmatic meaning of a negated statement such as “Gummie bears are not alive” is infelicitous, whereas a true statement “People live on Earth” is felicitous. This study reveals the online dynamics of processing these statements and possible confusion, particularly when very true statements contain a negation.

Palabras clave

  • Embodiment
  • Eye-tracking
  • Language processing
  • Metaphor & Figurative
  • Language
  • Pragmaticss
Acceso abierto

Academic Mothers’ Definitions of Bilingualism, Bilinguality, and Family Language Policies

Publicado en línea: 13 Apr 2020
Páginas: 22 - 43

Resumen

Abstract

Bilingual partnerships (Piller & Pavlenko, 2004) and transnational families (Hirsch & Lee, 2018) are on the rise. With mothers spending more time with their children at home, even in dual career partnerships (Hochschild & Machung, 1989), the labor of family language policy (FLP) implementation often falls on them. While increasingly more new hires in academia are women (Finkelstein, Seal, & Schuster, 1998), only 31% of them are mothers (Perna, 2003). In this work, we examine the dominant discourses regarding bilingualism and FLP among academic mothers who find themselves at an intersection of multiple and often competing social positions. Data was collected from 46 academic mothers residing in linguistically-different host societies but all whom gather in an online community they have co-created. Data collection procedure included 22 open-ended questions exploring bilingualism and FLP orientations. Iterative and recursive content analysis was performed, yielding thematic patterns centering around language ideologies, practices, and bilinguality.

Palabras clave

  • bilingualism
  • academic mothers
  • family language policy
  • transnationalism
Acceso abierto

Emotional Speech Comprehension in Deaf Children with Cochlear Implant

Publicado en línea: 13 Apr 2020
Páginas: 44 - 69

Resumen

Abstract

We examined the understanding of emotional speech by deaf children with cochlear implant (CI). Thirty deaf children with CI and 60 typically developing controls (matched on chronological age or hearing age) performed a computerized task featuring emotional prosody, either embedded in a discrepant context or without any context at all. Across the task conditions, the deaf participants with CI scored lower on the prosody-bases responses than their peers matched on chronological age or hearing age. Additionally, we analyzed the effect of age on determining correct prosody-based responses and we found that hearing age was a predictor of the accuracy of prosody-based responses. We discuss these findings with respect to delay in prosody and intermodal processing. Future research should aim to specify the nature of the cognitive processes that would be required to process prosody.

Palabras clave

  • Emotional speech
  • Prosody
  • Deaf children
  • Implant cochlear
  • Pragmatic abilities
Acceso abierto

Developmental Psycholinguistics: Old Questions, New Answers

Publicado en línea: 26 Sep 2020
Páginas: 70 - 78

Resumen

Acceso abierto

Self-Presentation and Language Abstraction in Recruitment Context

Publicado en línea: 26 Sep 2020
Páginas: 79 - 89

Resumen

Abstract

The present research explicates how job applicants employ language abstraction to present themselves as a good or bad candidate. According to the LIB theory (Maass, Salvi, Arcuri, & Semin, 1989), we tested the hypothesis that, with positive instruction (i.e., to be recruited), participants’ responses would be more abstract with positive items and more concrete with negative items. Conversely, we expected that participants’ responses would be more concrete with positive items and more abstract with negative ones when the instruction was negative (i.e., to not be recruited). Results of this experiment (N = 85 French participants) confirm our hypothesis and revealed a strong interaction effect between level of language abstraction and goal of self-presentation. Implications for linguistic bias effect and normative behavior in the interpersonal context of recruitment are discussed.

Palabras clave

  • language abstraction
  • personal recruitment
  • individual goal
  • interpersonal context
Acceso abierto

Applying a Newly Learned Second Language Dimension to the Unknown: The Influence of Second Language Mandarin Tones on the Naïve Perception of Thai Tones

Publicado en línea: 09 Nov 2020
Páginas: 90 - 123

Resumen

Abstract

This study investigates whether L2 Mandarin learners can generalize experience with Mandarin tones to unfamiliar tones (i.e., Thai). Three language groups – L1 English/ L2 Mandarin learners (n=18), L1 Mandarin speakers (n=30), L1 monolingual English speakers (n=23) – were tested on the perception of unfamiliar Thai tones on ABX tasks. L2 Mandarin learners and L1 Mandarin speakers perceived Thai tones more accurately than L1 English non-learners. Mandarin learners L1 speakers showed priming on Mandarin tones on a lexical decision task with repetition priming, suggesting L2 tones had been encoded within lexical representations of L2 Mandarin words. However, results must be interpreted cautiously, with an absence of expected priming and presence of unexpected priming. In sum, learners can transfer L2 tone experience to unfamiliar tones, expanding the Feature Hypothesis (McAllister, Flege, & Piske, 2002) to include L2 influence as well. In addition, results indicate a potential disconnect between perception and encoding.

Palabras clave

  • tone
  • third language
  • perception
  • phonolexical encoding
Acceso abierto

Conflicting Nature of Social-Pragmatic Cues with Mutual Exclusivity Regarding Three-Year-Olds’ Label-Referent Mappings

Publicado en línea: 09 Nov 2020
Páginas: 124 - 141

Resumen

Abstract

The present research aims at finding to what extent social-pragmatic cues that conflict with mutual exclusivity lead preschoolers to exclude a novel object as a referent for a novel word. Sixty early and late 3-year-old preschoolers randomly participated in one of the three conditions. In the first condition, preschoolers’ tendency to select an unfamiliar object for an unfamiliar word is investigated in the absence of social-pragmatic cues that contradict mutual exclusivity. The second condition is aimed to investigate if partial social-pragmatic cues, such as pointing towards a familiar object, interfere with mutual exclusivity. In the third condition, pointing towards a familiar object is accompanied by gazing alternately between the familiar object and preschoolers to investigate whether preschoolers abandon or still honor mutual exclusivity. The results indicate that in the absence of any social-pragmatic cues, preschoolers use a familiar object as a cue leading them to match a novel object with a novel word. Partial cues such as pointing towards familiar objects do not make any significant difference in preschoolers’ familiar/unfamiliar object selection for an unfamiliar word. If both of the social-pragmatic cues are available, preschoolers suspend mutual exclusivity in indirect word learning situations.

Palabras clave

  • mutual exclusivity
  • word learning
  • social-pragmatic cues
  • gaze alternation
  • pointing
Acceso abierto

L2 Motivational Self System, International Posture, and the Socioeconomic Factor in Efl at University Level: The Case of Chile

Publicado en línea: 31 Dec 2020
Páginas: 142 - 174

Resumen

Abstract

Motivation plays a critical role in L2 language learning and has proven to be a strong predictor of success in learning a foreign language (Biedroń & Pawlak, 2016). The Second Language Motivational Self System (L2MSS) is one of the most prominent theories developed by Dörnyei (2009), which has been studied in relation to different variables affecting language learning motivation. The aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between L2MSS components, international posture, and socioeconomic status among university students. The participants of this study were 134 non-English major university students. The results suggest that the ideal L2 self, and the L2 learning experience are related to international posture insert a comma after posture whereas the L2 learning experience is a stronger predictor of students’ motivated behavior. Future research should investigate the development of future selves in instructed language learning contexts conducive to enhancing and increasing motivation to learn English.

Palabras clave

  • international posture
  • L2 motivation L2MSS
  • socioeconomic status
Acceso abierto

Mothers’ Use of Gestures and their Relationship to Children’s Lexical Production

Publicado en línea: 31 Dec 2020
Páginas: 175 - 200

Resumen

Abstract

This study examines the relationship between mothers’ use of gestures and the lexical production of their children, measured in a joint book-reading task. Fifteen mother-child dyads participated, all monolingual native speakers of Mexican Spanish. Children were boys and girls with typical development, aged 48 months. Each reading session was videotaped and analyzed to calculate the gestural production of mothers and the lexical production of children. The results showed a significant positive correlation between the number of mothers’ gestures and the number of distinct words used by the children. Mothers’ gestural communication was related to the size of the vocabulary children produced in joint book-reading.

Palabras clave

  • gestures
  • deictic
  • lexical production
  • joint book-reading

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