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Informacje o czasopiśmie
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
2284-5623
Pierwsze wydanie
08 Aug 2013
Częstotliwość wydawania
4 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski

Wyszukiwanie

Tom 29 (2021): Zeszyt 2 (April 2021)

Informacje o czasopiśmie
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
2284-5623
Pierwsze wydanie
08 Aug 2013
Częstotliwość wydawania
4 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski

Wyszukiwanie

10 Artykułów
Otwarty dostęp

Prognostic value of serum lactate dehydrogenase in hospitalized patients with Covid-19

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 131 - 141

Abstrakt

Abstract

Background: Biochemical markers in COVID-19 remain to be defined. We analyzed the usefulness of LDH and ferritin in predicting outcome.

Methods: This retrospective study analyzed ferritin and LDH concentrations obtained during the first 11 days of hospitalization in COVID-19 patients. We compared the change in ferritin and LDH concentrations obtained on each day of hospital admission with respect to baseline values between patients with favorable and unfavorable outcomes. We used receiver operating curve analysis to determine cutoffs for predicting outcomes.

Results: We analyzed 387 patients. For determinations done on the 9th day, increases in LDH concentrations > 14.6% over the baseline yielded 80% positive predictive value, and a lack of increase yielded 96% negative predictive value for unfavorable outcomes. The change in ferritin concentration yielded lower predictive values.

Conclusion: The percentage of change in LDH with respect to the baseline on the 9th day of hospitalization can predict outcome..

Słowa kluczowe

  • LDH
  • COVID-19
  • prognosis
  • hospitalization
  • ferritin
Otwarty dostęp

The possibility of clinical use for the oxidative stress marker in correlation with blood flow parameters in pregnancy-induced hypertension

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 143 - 151

Abstrakt

Abstract

Introduction: In pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) there is a disorder in placental blood flow which causes intrauterine fetal hypoxia, and oxidative stress has a significant role in this condition. The aims of this research were to analyze the relation of thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS), as a marker of oxidative stress and absent end-diastolic flow (AEDF), as well as the relation of TBARS and cerebroplacental ratio (CPR).

Methods: The research included 200 pregnant women in the gestation period from 28th to 40th, 100 were in a control group and 100 were with PIH. The CPR and TBARS were analyzed in all examined pregnant women. The CPR was calculated by dividing the Doppler indices of the middle cerebral artery by the umbilical artery.

Results: Mean value of TBARS in the group with the PIH who had AEDF was in the interval of high values - 43.22 μmol/l. The result shows that through the application of Spearman’s coefficient, the correlation results in a statistically significant correlation between CPR and TBARS values: ρ = - 0.249, p = 0.0001.

Conclusion: PIH has a very high level of oxidative stress, especially in pregnant women with absent end-diastolic flow in the umbilical artery and pathologic CPR. The Spearman’s test results in statistical significance and negative correlation, which means that in higher TBARS values, values of CPR are lower and vice versa, which indicates a possibility of clinical application of TBARS.

Słowa kluczowe

  • pregnancy-induced hypertension
  • thiobarbituric acid reactive substances
  • cerebroplacental ratio
Otwarty dostęp

Predictors associated with increased troponin in acute decompensated and chronic heart failure patients

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 153 - 164

Abstrakt

Abstract

Background: Myocardial injury (INJ) expressed by elevated high-sensitivity troponin (hs-Tn) is common in heart failure (HF), due to cardiovascular and non-cardiac conditions. The mechanisms of INJ in acute decompensated HF (ADHF) versus chronic HF (CHF) are still debated. This study’s purpose was to evaluate the determinants of elevated hs-TnT in ADHF and CHF.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed consecutive HF patients with hs-TnT measured on admission, hospitalized in a tertiary-care hospital. Rehospitalizations, acute coronary syndromes, embolisms, infections, autoimmunity and malignancy were excluded. Cut-off point for hs-TnT was 14 ng/L.

Results: Our study included 488 HF patients, 56.55% with ADHF. Mean age was 72.52±10.09 years. 53.89% were females. 67.75% ADHF and 45.75% CHF patients had elevated hs-TnT. Median hs-TnT was higher in ADHF versus CHF (21.05[IQR 12.74-33.81] vs 13.20[IQR 7.93-23.25], p<0.0001). In multivariable analysis in ADHF and CHF, log10NT-proBNP (HR=5.30, 95%CI 2.71–10.38, p<0.001, respectively HR=5.49, 95%CI 1.71–17.57, p=0.004) and eGFR (HR=0.72, 95%CI 0.62–0.85, p<0.001, respectively HR=0.71, 95%CI 0.55–0.93, p=0.014) were independent predictors for increased hs-TnT. Independent factors associated with elevated hs-TnT in ADHF were male sex (HR=2.52, 95%CI 1.31-4.87, p=0.006) and chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD) (HR=10.57, 95%CI 1.26-88.40, p=0.029), while in CHF were age (HR=2.68, 95%CI 1.42-5.07, p=0.002) and previous stroke (HR=5.35, 95%CI 0.98-29.20, p=0.053).

Conclusion: HF severity, expressed by NT-proBNP levels, and kidney disease progression, expressed by eGFR, were independent predictors associated with increased hs-TnT in both ADHF and CHF. Specific independent predictors were also indentified in ADHF (male sex, COPD) and CHF (age, history of stroke).

Słowa kluczowe

  • predictors
  • high sensitive troponin
  • acute decompensated heart failure
  • chronic heart failure
Otwarty dostęp

Evaluation of Plasma AA/DHA+EPA Ratio in Obese Romanian Children

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 165 - 178

Abstrakt

Abstract

The aim of the study was to evaluate the plasma profile of arachidonic acid (AA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), as well to analyze the relationship of Omega 6/Omega 3 ratio with anthropo-metric parameters and insulin resistance markers.

Material and methods: Plasma levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) were measured using a high-throughput LC-MS AB Sciex4600 in 202 children (127 obese and 75 non-obese), age and sex-matched. Lipid and glucose profiles were assessed with current laboratory methods, while insulin resistance and beta-cell function were evaluated using HOMA-IR and HOMA-β respectively.

Results: In obese children, AA and AA/(DHA+EPA) ratio were significantly higher regardless of age and gender. In the lowest quartile of DHA, there was a clear trend for insulin resistance, with plasma insulin level, HOMA-IR, and HOMA-β significantly higher compared to the highest quartile of DHA. After adjustment for age and gender DHA remains a negative predictive factor for insulin resistance. Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), a marker of visceral obesity was higher in children with a higher AA/(DHA+EPA) ratio.

Conclusions: In obese children, the AA is higher in concordance with insulin resistance. Additionally, children with a higher AA/(DHA+EPA) ratio have greater BMI, fat mass, waist circumference, and WHtR, important indicators of central adiposity, and cardio-metabolic disorders. LC/MS is a versatile tool for Omega ratio assessment, especially in children where the sample size is a limiting factor for metabolic and nutrition evaluation.

Słowa kluczowe

  • omega fatty acids
  • polyunsaturated fatty acids
  • obesity
  • HOMA-IR
  • insulin resistance
Otwarty dostęp

Reliability of Friedewald formula in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and its relation to lipid profile in diabetes regulation

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 179 - 187

Abstrakt

Abstract

Introduction: Many laboratories utilize Friedewald formula (FF) to analyze LDL cholesterol levels of patients including diabetes mellitus (DM). Therefore, it is essential to consider the coherence of results acquired by FF and direct measurement. The number of studies that investigated the effect of lipid parameters, especially TG/HDL cholesterol ratio, on the difference between the two methods is limited. The study was designed to compare LDL cholesterol values obtained by using FF with direct measurement, and to evaluate the relationship between diabetes regulation and lipid profile.

Material and Methods: In the cross-sectional study, 529 type 2 DM patients and 1703 non-DM subjects were divided into four groups regarding TG concentrations. Unlike other studies, the study focuses on direct LDL (DLDL) cholesterol levels obtained with the help of different DLDL cholesterol kits (n=20). The correlations were implemented between HbA1c and lipid profiles.

Results: It was determined that the bias% was over 10% in 24% of patients with 100-199 mg/dL TG levels. The parameter revealed that the most significant difference and the strongest correlation with HbA1c was TG/HDL cholesterol ratio in patients with type 2 DM.

Conclusions: In patients with type 2 DM, even if it was TG <200 mg/dL, LDL calculated with FF should be evaluated together with the TG/HDL cholesterol ratio. Otherwise, direct measurement can be recommended. This ratio is related to diabetes regulation and may be used to monitor patients..

Słowa kluczowe

  • Friedewald formula
  • LDL cholesterol
  • type 2 diabetes mellitus
Otwarty dostęp

Investigation of Apoptotic and Inflammatory Activity in Liver Tissue of Rats Fed with Clam (Pecten maximus, Linnaeus 1758)

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 189 - 200

Abstrakt

Abstract

One of the most important threats for living things in aquatic ecosystems is environmental pollution. The changes in water quality caused by environmental pollution also reduce the quality of life for organisms in the environment. Among these, the crustaceans which are most affected by the negative changes of environment, fed by the filtration method, are seen as pollution indicator. The consumption of these creatures reaches all steps of the pyramid, especially humans, through the food chain. People who frequently use seafood in their diets may be affected by these negative changes. Heavy metal contents of the clams obtained from Dardanelles were determined by the ICPOES. Twenty-four female Wistar albino rats were fed for 30 days with the experimental diet using clams (Pecten maximus), which was dried and formed into pellets and added to the food in certain proportions. At the end of the study, the subjects were sacrificed under anesthesia, liver tissues were taken, and histochemical examination was performed. TUNEL method was performed to detect apoptotic activity, and immunohistochemical staining with TNF-α and NF-κB antibodies to determine inflammation. Concluding from the results, it was observed that the degeneration of vital digestive system tissues such as liver was inevitable in living creatures that frequently consume seafood obtained from unhealthy environment in their daily diets. The high analysis values of the heavy metal (P. maximus) in food additive can be considered as a reason for histopathological results.

Słowa kluczowe

  • great clam
  • apoptosis
  • inflammation
  • liver
  • heavy metals
Otwarty dostęp

Vaginal candidiasis in Konya area: Etiology, risk factors, virulence patterns, and antifungal susceptibility

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 201 - 215

Abstrakt

Abstract

Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), a common genital tract infection, is known to affect millions of women worldwide. In this study, it was aimed to determine the prevalence, virulence, possible risk factors and antifungal susceptibility model of Candida species. Vaginal swab samples were taken from patients aged 18 years and older who presented to the gynecology outpatient clinic with signs and symptoms suggestive of vulvovaginitis. Demographic data were recorded using a questionnaire. Standard microbiological methods were used for the identification of the isolates. Broth microdilution method was used to determine the antifungal susceptibility of Candida isolates. Virulence factors of Candida strains were determined by performing proteinase, phospholipase, hemolytic and biofilm activity tests. Sequencing of the isolates identified as Candida were performed using ITS 1-4 primers. Vaginal discharge (OR: 3.365; 95% CI: 1.595-7.101), burning complaint (OR: 9.098; 95% CI: 2.284-36.232) and history of allergy (OR: 3.396; 95% CI: 0.968) were risk factors. The results showed that the most common isolated strain was Candida albicans (57%). It was found that the prevalence of C. glabrata remained at 26%, 44 of the C. albicans isolates presented proteinase, 35 had phospholipase, 47 had biofilm, and 47 had hemolytic activity. In this study, susceptible dose-dependent and resistant rates of all Candida strains were found for fluconazole as 9% and 16%, respectively. Host and organism-related factors should be considered in the clinical treatment of VVC, and continuous monitoring of changes in the prevalence of Candida species and susceptibility rates is required for effective antifungal therapy.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Candida vaginitis
  • genotypic identification
  • virulence factors
  • risk factors
  • antifungal susceptibility
Otwarty dostęp

Frequency, Distribution and Genotyping of Malassezia Species in Patients with Psoriasis vulgaris

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 217 - 227

Abstrakt

Abstract

Background: Malassezia species are reported to play a role in the etiology of Psoriasis vulgaris.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the presence, frequency, distribution, and genotyping of skin colonization of Malassezia species in Psoriasis vulgaris and to compare with healthy individuals and to investigate its relationship with the severity of the disease.

Methods: Skin samples were taken from scalp, arm, body, and leg of 34 psoriasis patients (lesional/non-lesional skin) and 30 healthy volunteers. Overall, 392 skin scraping samples were taken for the isolation of Malassezia species, which were incubated on the modified-Dixon agar. Conventional culture methods were used for Malassezia species identification. In isolates, genotyping was carried out by PCR-RFLP method.

Results: In the samples from psoriatic lesions, most frequently isolated Malassezia species were M.globosa and M.furfur. Similarly, the most frequently isolated species in healthy volunteers was M. globosa; followed by M.restricta and M.sympodialis. The M.furfur isolation rate in psoriatic scalp and leg lesions of the patients was significantly higher than in healthy volunteers. There was no relationship between the severity of the disease and the isolated species.

Conclusion: It was found that there was a difference between patients with psoriasis and healthy controls regarding presence and frequency of Malassezia species. Therefore, our study results support the view that Malessezia species may be associated with the etiopathogenesis of psoriasis. In addition, we surmise that the treatment applications for the regulation of skin microbiota of psoriasis patients will contribute positively to the treatment of psoriasis.

Słowa kluczowe

  • psoriasis vulgaris
  • malassezia
  • PCR-RFLP
  • genotyping
  • modified-Dixon agar
  • microbiota
Otwarty dostęp

Pseudohyponatremia and falsely increased serum osmolal gap caused by paraprotein in a patient with severe metabolic acidosis – a case study

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 229 - 233

Abstrakt

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of the study is to present a case study of a 63-year-old male with pseudohyponatremia, falsely increased serum osmolal gap and severe metabolic acidosis.

Material and Methods: Venous whole blood (direct sodium selective electrode measurement) and serum (indirect sodium selective electrode measurement) were used to measure sodium concentration. Serum cholesterol, triacylglycerides and total protein were measured to confirm pseudohyponatremia. Base excess in extracellular fluid and serum bicarbonate concentrations were employed as markers of metabolic acidosis. Serum protein electrophoresis and free light chain analysis were used for the detection of paraproteins.

Results: Venous whole blood acid base analysis showed a pH of 7.171, negative base excess in extracellular fluid of – 18.6 mmol/L and sodium concentration of 140 mmol/L. Serum test measurement revealed serum sodium concentration of 130 mmol/L, osmolal gap of 24 mmol/kg, creatinine concentration of 702 µmol/L, HCO3- concentration of 6.1 mmol/L and total protein concentration of 134.9 g/L. Serum paraprotein IgG kappa with a concentration of 86 g/L and a serum free light chains kappa/lambda ratio of 223.5, along with the final diagnosis of multiple myeloma were detected. Toxic alcohol ingestion was considered, both methanol and ethylene glycol tests were negative.

Conclusions: High paraprotein concentrations in serum may lead to pseudohyponatremia when measured by indirect ion selective electrodes. Multiple myeloma frequently leads to renal failure with metabolic acidosis.

Słowa kluczowe

  • pseudohyponatremia
  • hyponatremia
  • acidosis
  • paraproteins
  • multiple myeloma
Otwarty dostęp

Prevalence of ∆F508 cystic fibrosis carriers in a Romanian population group

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 235 - 238

Abstrakt

10 Artykułów
Otwarty dostęp

Prognostic value of serum lactate dehydrogenase in hospitalized patients with Covid-19

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 131 - 141

Abstrakt

Abstract

Background: Biochemical markers in COVID-19 remain to be defined. We analyzed the usefulness of LDH and ferritin in predicting outcome.

Methods: This retrospective study analyzed ferritin and LDH concentrations obtained during the first 11 days of hospitalization in COVID-19 patients. We compared the change in ferritin and LDH concentrations obtained on each day of hospital admission with respect to baseline values between patients with favorable and unfavorable outcomes. We used receiver operating curve analysis to determine cutoffs for predicting outcomes.

Results: We analyzed 387 patients. For determinations done on the 9th day, increases in LDH concentrations > 14.6% over the baseline yielded 80% positive predictive value, and a lack of increase yielded 96% negative predictive value for unfavorable outcomes. The change in ferritin concentration yielded lower predictive values.

Conclusion: The percentage of change in LDH with respect to the baseline on the 9th day of hospitalization can predict outcome..

Słowa kluczowe

  • LDH
  • COVID-19
  • prognosis
  • hospitalization
  • ferritin
Otwarty dostęp

The possibility of clinical use for the oxidative stress marker in correlation with blood flow parameters in pregnancy-induced hypertension

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 143 - 151

Abstrakt

Abstract

Introduction: In pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) there is a disorder in placental blood flow which causes intrauterine fetal hypoxia, and oxidative stress has a significant role in this condition. The aims of this research were to analyze the relation of thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS), as a marker of oxidative stress and absent end-diastolic flow (AEDF), as well as the relation of TBARS and cerebroplacental ratio (CPR).

Methods: The research included 200 pregnant women in the gestation period from 28th to 40th, 100 were in a control group and 100 were with PIH. The CPR and TBARS were analyzed in all examined pregnant women. The CPR was calculated by dividing the Doppler indices of the middle cerebral artery by the umbilical artery.

Results: Mean value of TBARS in the group with the PIH who had AEDF was in the interval of high values - 43.22 μmol/l. The result shows that through the application of Spearman’s coefficient, the correlation results in a statistically significant correlation between CPR and TBARS values: ρ = - 0.249, p = 0.0001.

Conclusion: PIH has a very high level of oxidative stress, especially in pregnant women with absent end-diastolic flow in the umbilical artery and pathologic CPR. The Spearman’s test results in statistical significance and negative correlation, which means that in higher TBARS values, values of CPR are lower and vice versa, which indicates a possibility of clinical application of TBARS.

Słowa kluczowe

  • pregnancy-induced hypertension
  • thiobarbituric acid reactive substances
  • cerebroplacental ratio
Otwarty dostęp

Predictors associated with increased troponin in acute decompensated and chronic heart failure patients

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 153 - 164

Abstrakt

Abstract

Background: Myocardial injury (INJ) expressed by elevated high-sensitivity troponin (hs-Tn) is common in heart failure (HF), due to cardiovascular and non-cardiac conditions. The mechanisms of INJ in acute decompensated HF (ADHF) versus chronic HF (CHF) are still debated. This study’s purpose was to evaluate the determinants of elevated hs-TnT in ADHF and CHF.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed consecutive HF patients with hs-TnT measured on admission, hospitalized in a tertiary-care hospital. Rehospitalizations, acute coronary syndromes, embolisms, infections, autoimmunity and malignancy were excluded. Cut-off point for hs-TnT was 14 ng/L.

Results: Our study included 488 HF patients, 56.55% with ADHF. Mean age was 72.52±10.09 years. 53.89% were females. 67.75% ADHF and 45.75% CHF patients had elevated hs-TnT. Median hs-TnT was higher in ADHF versus CHF (21.05[IQR 12.74-33.81] vs 13.20[IQR 7.93-23.25], p<0.0001). In multivariable analysis in ADHF and CHF, log10NT-proBNP (HR=5.30, 95%CI 2.71–10.38, p<0.001, respectively HR=5.49, 95%CI 1.71–17.57, p=0.004) and eGFR (HR=0.72, 95%CI 0.62–0.85, p<0.001, respectively HR=0.71, 95%CI 0.55–0.93, p=0.014) were independent predictors for increased hs-TnT. Independent factors associated with elevated hs-TnT in ADHF were male sex (HR=2.52, 95%CI 1.31-4.87, p=0.006) and chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD) (HR=10.57, 95%CI 1.26-88.40, p=0.029), while in CHF were age (HR=2.68, 95%CI 1.42-5.07, p=0.002) and previous stroke (HR=5.35, 95%CI 0.98-29.20, p=0.053).

Conclusion: HF severity, expressed by NT-proBNP levels, and kidney disease progression, expressed by eGFR, were independent predictors associated with increased hs-TnT in both ADHF and CHF. Specific independent predictors were also indentified in ADHF (male sex, COPD) and CHF (age, history of stroke).

Słowa kluczowe

  • predictors
  • high sensitive troponin
  • acute decompensated heart failure
  • chronic heart failure
Otwarty dostęp

Evaluation of Plasma AA/DHA+EPA Ratio in Obese Romanian Children

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 165 - 178

Abstrakt

Abstract

The aim of the study was to evaluate the plasma profile of arachidonic acid (AA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), as well to analyze the relationship of Omega 6/Omega 3 ratio with anthropo-metric parameters and insulin resistance markers.

Material and methods: Plasma levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) were measured using a high-throughput LC-MS AB Sciex4600 in 202 children (127 obese and 75 non-obese), age and sex-matched. Lipid and glucose profiles were assessed with current laboratory methods, while insulin resistance and beta-cell function were evaluated using HOMA-IR and HOMA-β respectively.

Results: In obese children, AA and AA/(DHA+EPA) ratio were significantly higher regardless of age and gender. In the lowest quartile of DHA, there was a clear trend for insulin resistance, with plasma insulin level, HOMA-IR, and HOMA-β significantly higher compared to the highest quartile of DHA. After adjustment for age and gender DHA remains a negative predictive factor for insulin resistance. Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), a marker of visceral obesity was higher in children with a higher AA/(DHA+EPA) ratio.

Conclusions: In obese children, the AA is higher in concordance with insulin resistance. Additionally, children with a higher AA/(DHA+EPA) ratio have greater BMI, fat mass, waist circumference, and WHtR, important indicators of central adiposity, and cardio-metabolic disorders. LC/MS is a versatile tool for Omega ratio assessment, especially in children where the sample size is a limiting factor for metabolic and nutrition evaluation.

Słowa kluczowe

  • omega fatty acids
  • polyunsaturated fatty acids
  • obesity
  • HOMA-IR
  • insulin resistance
Otwarty dostęp

Reliability of Friedewald formula in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and its relation to lipid profile in diabetes regulation

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 179 - 187

Abstrakt

Abstract

Introduction: Many laboratories utilize Friedewald formula (FF) to analyze LDL cholesterol levels of patients including diabetes mellitus (DM). Therefore, it is essential to consider the coherence of results acquired by FF and direct measurement. The number of studies that investigated the effect of lipid parameters, especially TG/HDL cholesterol ratio, on the difference between the two methods is limited. The study was designed to compare LDL cholesterol values obtained by using FF with direct measurement, and to evaluate the relationship between diabetes regulation and lipid profile.

Material and Methods: In the cross-sectional study, 529 type 2 DM patients and 1703 non-DM subjects were divided into four groups regarding TG concentrations. Unlike other studies, the study focuses on direct LDL (DLDL) cholesterol levels obtained with the help of different DLDL cholesterol kits (n=20). The correlations were implemented between HbA1c and lipid profiles.

Results: It was determined that the bias% was over 10% in 24% of patients with 100-199 mg/dL TG levels. The parameter revealed that the most significant difference and the strongest correlation with HbA1c was TG/HDL cholesterol ratio in patients with type 2 DM.

Conclusions: In patients with type 2 DM, even if it was TG <200 mg/dL, LDL calculated with FF should be evaluated together with the TG/HDL cholesterol ratio. Otherwise, direct measurement can be recommended. This ratio is related to diabetes regulation and may be used to monitor patients..

Słowa kluczowe

  • Friedewald formula
  • LDL cholesterol
  • type 2 diabetes mellitus
Otwarty dostęp

Investigation of Apoptotic and Inflammatory Activity in Liver Tissue of Rats Fed with Clam (Pecten maximus, Linnaeus 1758)

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 189 - 200

Abstrakt

Abstract

One of the most important threats for living things in aquatic ecosystems is environmental pollution. The changes in water quality caused by environmental pollution also reduce the quality of life for organisms in the environment. Among these, the crustaceans which are most affected by the negative changes of environment, fed by the filtration method, are seen as pollution indicator. The consumption of these creatures reaches all steps of the pyramid, especially humans, through the food chain. People who frequently use seafood in their diets may be affected by these negative changes. Heavy metal contents of the clams obtained from Dardanelles were determined by the ICPOES. Twenty-four female Wistar albino rats were fed for 30 days with the experimental diet using clams (Pecten maximus), which was dried and formed into pellets and added to the food in certain proportions. At the end of the study, the subjects were sacrificed under anesthesia, liver tissues were taken, and histochemical examination was performed. TUNEL method was performed to detect apoptotic activity, and immunohistochemical staining with TNF-α and NF-κB antibodies to determine inflammation. Concluding from the results, it was observed that the degeneration of vital digestive system tissues such as liver was inevitable in living creatures that frequently consume seafood obtained from unhealthy environment in their daily diets. The high analysis values of the heavy metal (P. maximus) in food additive can be considered as a reason for histopathological results.

Słowa kluczowe

  • great clam
  • apoptosis
  • inflammation
  • liver
  • heavy metals
Otwarty dostęp

Vaginal candidiasis in Konya area: Etiology, risk factors, virulence patterns, and antifungal susceptibility

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 201 - 215

Abstrakt

Abstract

Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), a common genital tract infection, is known to affect millions of women worldwide. In this study, it was aimed to determine the prevalence, virulence, possible risk factors and antifungal susceptibility model of Candida species. Vaginal swab samples were taken from patients aged 18 years and older who presented to the gynecology outpatient clinic with signs and symptoms suggestive of vulvovaginitis. Demographic data were recorded using a questionnaire. Standard microbiological methods were used for the identification of the isolates. Broth microdilution method was used to determine the antifungal susceptibility of Candida isolates. Virulence factors of Candida strains were determined by performing proteinase, phospholipase, hemolytic and biofilm activity tests. Sequencing of the isolates identified as Candida were performed using ITS 1-4 primers. Vaginal discharge (OR: 3.365; 95% CI: 1.595-7.101), burning complaint (OR: 9.098; 95% CI: 2.284-36.232) and history of allergy (OR: 3.396; 95% CI: 0.968) were risk factors. The results showed that the most common isolated strain was Candida albicans (57%). It was found that the prevalence of C. glabrata remained at 26%, 44 of the C. albicans isolates presented proteinase, 35 had phospholipase, 47 had biofilm, and 47 had hemolytic activity. In this study, susceptible dose-dependent and resistant rates of all Candida strains were found for fluconazole as 9% and 16%, respectively. Host and organism-related factors should be considered in the clinical treatment of VVC, and continuous monitoring of changes in the prevalence of Candida species and susceptibility rates is required for effective antifungal therapy.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Candida vaginitis
  • genotypic identification
  • virulence factors
  • risk factors
  • antifungal susceptibility
Otwarty dostęp

Frequency, Distribution and Genotyping of Malassezia Species in Patients with Psoriasis vulgaris

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 217 - 227

Abstrakt

Abstract

Background: Malassezia species are reported to play a role in the etiology of Psoriasis vulgaris.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the presence, frequency, distribution, and genotyping of skin colonization of Malassezia species in Psoriasis vulgaris and to compare with healthy individuals and to investigate its relationship with the severity of the disease.

Methods: Skin samples were taken from scalp, arm, body, and leg of 34 psoriasis patients (lesional/non-lesional skin) and 30 healthy volunteers. Overall, 392 skin scraping samples were taken for the isolation of Malassezia species, which were incubated on the modified-Dixon agar. Conventional culture methods were used for Malassezia species identification. In isolates, genotyping was carried out by PCR-RFLP method.

Results: In the samples from psoriatic lesions, most frequently isolated Malassezia species were M.globosa and M.furfur. Similarly, the most frequently isolated species in healthy volunteers was M. globosa; followed by M.restricta and M.sympodialis. The M.furfur isolation rate in psoriatic scalp and leg lesions of the patients was significantly higher than in healthy volunteers. There was no relationship between the severity of the disease and the isolated species.

Conclusion: It was found that there was a difference between patients with psoriasis and healthy controls regarding presence and frequency of Malassezia species. Therefore, our study results support the view that Malessezia species may be associated with the etiopathogenesis of psoriasis. In addition, we surmise that the treatment applications for the regulation of skin microbiota of psoriasis patients will contribute positively to the treatment of psoriasis.

Słowa kluczowe

  • psoriasis vulgaris
  • malassezia
  • PCR-RFLP
  • genotyping
  • modified-Dixon agar
  • microbiota
Otwarty dostęp

Pseudohyponatremia and falsely increased serum osmolal gap caused by paraprotein in a patient with severe metabolic acidosis – a case study

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 229 - 233

Abstrakt

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of the study is to present a case study of a 63-year-old male with pseudohyponatremia, falsely increased serum osmolal gap and severe metabolic acidosis.

Material and Methods: Venous whole blood (direct sodium selective electrode measurement) and serum (indirect sodium selective electrode measurement) were used to measure sodium concentration. Serum cholesterol, triacylglycerides and total protein were measured to confirm pseudohyponatremia. Base excess in extracellular fluid and serum bicarbonate concentrations were employed as markers of metabolic acidosis. Serum protein electrophoresis and free light chain analysis were used for the detection of paraproteins.

Results: Venous whole blood acid base analysis showed a pH of 7.171, negative base excess in extracellular fluid of – 18.6 mmol/L and sodium concentration of 140 mmol/L. Serum test measurement revealed serum sodium concentration of 130 mmol/L, osmolal gap of 24 mmol/kg, creatinine concentration of 702 µmol/L, HCO3- concentration of 6.1 mmol/L and total protein concentration of 134.9 g/L. Serum paraprotein IgG kappa with a concentration of 86 g/L and a serum free light chains kappa/lambda ratio of 223.5, along with the final diagnosis of multiple myeloma were detected. Toxic alcohol ingestion was considered, both methanol and ethylene glycol tests were negative.

Conclusions: High paraprotein concentrations in serum may lead to pseudohyponatremia when measured by indirect ion selective electrodes. Multiple myeloma frequently leads to renal failure with metabolic acidosis.

Słowa kluczowe

  • pseudohyponatremia
  • hyponatremia
  • acidosis
  • paraproteins
  • multiple myeloma
Otwarty dostęp

Prevalence of ∆F508 cystic fibrosis carriers in a Romanian population group

Data publikacji: 27 Apr 2021
Zakres stron: 235 - 238

Abstrakt

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