Zeszyty czasopisma

Tom 73 (2022): Zeszyt 1 (June 2022)

Tom 73 (2022): Zeszyt 1 (June 2022)
Building Web corpora as sources for linguistic research and its applications

Tom 72 (2022): Zeszyt 4 (June 2022)
Building Web corpora as sources for linguistic research and its applications

Tom 72 (2021): Zeszyt 3 (December 2021)

Tom 72 (2021): Zeszyt 2 (December 2021)
NLP, Corpus Linguistics and Interdisciplinarity

Tom 72 (2021): Zeszyt 1 (June 2021)

Tom 71 (2020): Zeszyt 3 (December 2020)
Číslo venované problematike maďarského jazyka a maďarských nárečí na Slovensku

Tom 71 (2020): Zeszyt 2 (December 2020)

Tom 71 (2020): Zeszyt 1 (June 2020)

Tom 70 (2019): Zeszyt 3 (December 2019)

Tom 70 (2019): Zeszyt 2 (December 2019)

Tom 70 (2019): Zeszyt 1 (June 2019)

Tom 69 (2018): Zeszyt 3 (December 2018)

Tom 69 (2018): Zeszyt 2 (December 2018)

Tom 69 (2018): Zeszyt 1 (June 2018)

Tom 68 (2017): Zeszyt 3 (December 2017)

Tom 68 (2017): Zeszyt 2 (December 2017)

Tom 68 (2017): Zeszyt 1 (June 2017)

Tom 67 (2016): Zeszyt 3 (December 2016)

Tom 67 (2016): Zeszyt 2 (December 2016)

Tom 67 (2016): Zeszyt 1 (June 2016)

Tom 66 (2015): Zeszyt 2 (December 2015)

Tom 66 (2015): Zeszyt 1 (June 2015)

Tom 65 (2014): Zeszyt 2 (December 2014)

Tom 65 (2014): Zeszyt 1 (June 2014)

Tom 64 (2013): Zeszyt 2 (December 2013)

Tom 64 (2013): Zeszyt 1 (June 2013)

Tom 63 (2012): Zeszyt 2 (December 2012)

Tom 63 (2012): Zeszyt 1 (June 2012)

Tom 62 (2011): Zeszyt 2 (December 2011)

Tom 62 (2011): Zeszyt 1 (June 2011)

Tom 61 (2010): Zeszyt 2 (December 2010)

Tom 61 (2010): Zeszyt 1 (June 2010)

Tom 60 (2009): Zeszyt 2 (December 2009)

Tom 60 (2009): Zeszyt 1 (June 2009)

Informacje o czasopiśmie
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
1338-4287
Pierwsze wydanie
05 Mar 2010
Częstotliwość wydawania
2 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski

Wyszukiwanie

Tom 67 (2016): Zeszyt 3 (December 2016)

Informacje o czasopiśmie
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
1338-4287
Pierwsze wydanie
05 Mar 2010
Częstotliwość wydawania
2 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski

Wyszukiwanie

8 Artykułów
Open Access

Viktor Krupa, as I Knew Him

Data publikacji: 22 May 2017
Zakres stron: 185 - 193

Abstrakt

Abstract

The paper is dedicated to Viktor Krupa, the famous linguist and orientalist as well as long-time friend and colleague of the author of the paper that celebrates his life anniversary – the eightieth birthday. The author deals not only with numerous book publications and studies of Viktor Krupa focused first of all on important linguistic theoretical, typological and orientalist works, but he also analyses his other books. Viktor Krupa is an author of numerous ethnological and folkloristic works, translator of more than 100 books from the world as well as oriental languages and he published many travel and adventure books. The author speaks also about some milestones in the life of Viktor Krupa and he tries to characterise the nature, which enabled Viktor Krupa to become one of the most significant authors of the contemporary Slovak and European oriental studies and linguistics as a whole.

Słowa kluczowe

  • oriental studies
  • general linguistics
  • folkloristics
  • ethnology
  • translations
Open Access

Communication Formations

Data publikacji: 22 May 2017
Zakres stron: 195 - 206

Abstrakt

Abstract

This paper is intended to be a contribution to research of communication formations that are shaped by systematic communication. The approach of the author is based on the idea that the human being has a gift for making signs and people make use of this property if they are adapting to a situation of recurrent coexistence. This property enables the participants of such a situation to create social signs with the structure sociolect as the form of the sign: the semantic interpretation of this form as the meaning of the sign. One way of analysing this meaning is by looking at the foundation of the motivation of animal and human behaviour. The author argues that this meaning is based on a feeling of safety and the participants of potential communication formations follow the principle of coordination in order to sustain this feeling and to introduce the state of communication comfort.

Słowa kluczowe

  • communication formation
  • systematic communication
  • social sign
  • principle of coordination
  • communication comfort
Open Access

Language as a Symbol of Identity and a Tool of Politics and Power in Pakistan and Bangladesh

Data publikacji: 22 May 2017
Zakres stron: 207 - 218

Abstrakt

Abstract

This study aims to demonstrate the roles that domestic and foreign languages have played and play as signs of national or religious identity and social prestige and as tools of political and economic power in multilingual Pakistan and Bangladesh. Before the countries gained independence from the British Empire in 1947 and before the formation of the Indian Union and Pakistan (which was divided into Pakistan and Bangladesh in 1971), the role of an official language, remote to the majority of population in Indian subcontinent, had been gradually played by Sanskrit, Persian, and English. After gaining independence, the new countries decided to replace English as the official language with domestic languages. Their efforts encountered many problems and resulted in various solutions. Urdu became the state language in Pakistan, which caused resistance in local ethnolinguistic groups because the language had been imported by refugees from India. This resistance was the strongest in East Pakistan, where a strong national and language awareness eventually contributed to the formation of an independent Bangladesh with Bengali as the state language. Despite struggle for the dominance of domestic languages, English has preserved its prestigious position both in Pakistan and Bangladesh, as a symbol of higher social position, a language of education and science, and a tool of economic and political power.

Słowa kluczowe

  • language
  • identity
  • politics
  • power
  • Pakistan
  • Bangladesh
Open Access

Za siedmimi morami:The Myth that has Become Real Life for Professor Viktor Krupa

Data publikacji: 22 May 2017
Zakres stron: 219 - 231

Abstrakt

Abstract

The article is devoted to the anniversary of Professor Viktor Krupa – the known Slovak ethnographer and linguist. The object of the analysis was the name of one of the most popular books of Hero of the day – Za siedmimi morami („Over the seven seas“), which seems to be characteristic for the author’s biography. This excpression is included in the Slavic proverbs and sayings with the concept of „sea“. In this case, although the idiom za siedmimi morami is not fixed by any phrasebook or by the majority of monolingual and bilingual dictionaries of the Slovak language, it is widely known in colloquial speech and is often used in modern Slovak literature and the media. In the cited contexts, the expression retains its folk stylistic flavor, which often emphasizes the typical folk-poetic speech „increments“ to its meaning and rhythm, reinforcing the semantics of „remoteness“: za siedmimi ostrovmi a za siedmimi morami, za siedmimi horami a siedmimi morami etc. This variation suggested by the presence of Slovak folklore explicate version of our expression, where the numerical component of the „seven“ is replaced by „nine“ – za deviatimi horami, za siedmimi morami.

Expression za siedmimi morami is one of the many „sea“ – sayings and proverbs recorded in the Slovak language. Each of them has its own distribution area, and its own history, sometimes going back to the ancient European cultural heritage. And in all of them reflect the semantics of infinite space, symbolized by component more („sea“), which created also the idiom za siedmimi morami.

Linguistic analysis of the expression on the background of its Slavic correspondences shows that it has deep folkloric and mythological roots in the Slavic and Indo-European world. This ancient symbolism was explicated in the title of one of the many books of Professor Victor Krupa.

Słowa kluczowe

  • proverbs
  • phraseology
  • idiom
  • comparative paremiology
  • myth
  • Slavic folklore
Open Access

Space Perception and Language Categorization

Data publikacji: 22 May 2017
Zakres stron: 233 - 245

Abstrakt

Abstract

The study brings a brief view at the problem of cognitive association between the space perception and the categorization reflected in natural language from the linguistic point of view that is very close connected to the linguistic worldview and possesses the ethno-cultural specifics. The analysis is focused on the differences of the vertical and horizontal space models’ cognitive dominants in two relative Slavic languages – Russian and Slovak, and on the possible reasons of its existence. The study is devoted to the prominent Slovak philologist Viktor Krupa.

Słowa kluczowe

  • language categorization
  • space perception
  • linguistic worldview
  • ethno-cultural specifics
Open Access

Lexical Reduplication and Slovak Language

Data publikacji: 22 May 2017
Zakres stron: 247 - 271

Abstrakt

Abstract

The study deals with lexical reduplication which has the status of a peripheral, yet legitimate way of how vocabulary is enlarged in the Slovak language. Its result is a reduplicate, a paradigmatically formed unit which – as a whole – is a reflection of its part. Reduplication (in a wider sense) is defined by a semasiological aspect, particularly in the context of structural isomorphism and distinguishing of a reproductive, replicative and reduplicative type (in a narrow sense) with the use of integrative and integrative-modificatory onomasiological categories. The core of the reduplicates is formed by a determinative type of appositional names. Reduplication is a rich source of mimémata and pragma-lexemes. Reduplicates bring a new quality into the lexicon, the quality with specific semantics and pragmatics which oscillates around the pragmatic principle of relevance and amplification. Ethno-significative model ‘X-neX’ is typical for the Slovak language; and the presence of vocalic and echo reduplicates points at the conceptual unification which is of a more universal nature.

Słowa kluczowe

  • reduplication
  • Slovak language
  • semasiology
  • onomasiology
  • pragma-lexeme
Open Access

Discrete Language Units: The Case of a Czech Circumfix

Data publikacji: 22 May 2017
Zakres stron: 273 - 282

Abstrakt

Abstract

Next to multiword lexemes, such as idioms, discrete units may be found on a lower, i.e. a morphological level in language. A notable, rather widespread but neglected field is represented by circumfixes. i.e. discrete combinations of morphemes, such as the German gesprochen standing before and after a lexical morpheme, a stable combination of a prefix and suffix having a stable and fixed meaning and or function. A few examples in various languages as a general classification of this are briefly shown to indicate that the phenomenon of circumfix is by no means rare. In what follows a detailed analysis of a single Czech case of the circumfix z--lý is offered (such as in zhrublý, zesinalý), relating to verb bases. Here, both the regular and anomalous cases is pointed at and commented briefly upon.

Słowa kluczowe

  • dicrete units
  • circumfix
  • Czech
Open Access

Loss of Congruence in Slovak Possessive Resultative Constructions (Evidence from the Slovak National Corpus)

Data publikacji: 22 May 2017
Zakres stron: 283 - 295

Abstrakt

Abstract

Possessive resultative constructions containing a HAVE-verb and a past passive participle have been used in West Slavic languages for centuries without showing a rapid grammaticalisation into a perfect (cf. evidence from Polish and Czech). The same holds for Slovak, where examples can be found at least from the 17th century on without rapidly changing on the grammaticalisation chain. At the same time, Krupa demonstrated in 1960 a loss of congruence between object and past passive participle in possessive resultatives in colloquial Slovak distinguishing different types. Loss of congruence is often considered to be an important grammaticalisation step for emerging participial perfects. A sought in the Slovak National Corpus brought some evidence for such constructions in journalistic texts and from the Internet (the same types as used by Krupa), but their frequency is very low so far.

Słowa kluczowe

  • possessive resultative
  • grammaticalisation
  • Slovak
  • congruence
8 Artykułów
Open Access

Viktor Krupa, as I Knew Him

Data publikacji: 22 May 2017
Zakres stron: 185 - 193

Abstrakt

Abstract

The paper is dedicated to Viktor Krupa, the famous linguist and orientalist as well as long-time friend and colleague of the author of the paper that celebrates his life anniversary – the eightieth birthday. The author deals not only with numerous book publications and studies of Viktor Krupa focused first of all on important linguistic theoretical, typological and orientalist works, but he also analyses his other books. Viktor Krupa is an author of numerous ethnological and folkloristic works, translator of more than 100 books from the world as well as oriental languages and he published many travel and adventure books. The author speaks also about some milestones in the life of Viktor Krupa and he tries to characterise the nature, which enabled Viktor Krupa to become one of the most significant authors of the contemporary Slovak and European oriental studies and linguistics as a whole.

Słowa kluczowe

  • oriental studies
  • general linguistics
  • folkloristics
  • ethnology
  • translations
Open Access

Communication Formations

Data publikacji: 22 May 2017
Zakres stron: 195 - 206

Abstrakt

Abstract

This paper is intended to be a contribution to research of communication formations that are shaped by systematic communication. The approach of the author is based on the idea that the human being has a gift for making signs and people make use of this property if they are adapting to a situation of recurrent coexistence. This property enables the participants of such a situation to create social signs with the structure sociolect as the form of the sign: the semantic interpretation of this form as the meaning of the sign. One way of analysing this meaning is by looking at the foundation of the motivation of animal and human behaviour. The author argues that this meaning is based on a feeling of safety and the participants of potential communication formations follow the principle of coordination in order to sustain this feeling and to introduce the state of communication comfort.

Słowa kluczowe

  • communication formation
  • systematic communication
  • social sign
  • principle of coordination
  • communication comfort
Open Access

Language as a Symbol of Identity and a Tool of Politics and Power in Pakistan and Bangladesh

Data publikacji: 22 May 2017
Zakres stron: 207 - 218

Abstrakt

Abstract

This study aims to demonstrate the roles that domestic and foreign languages have played and play as signs of national or religious identity and social prestige and as tools of political and economic power in multilingual Pakistan and Bangladesh. Before the countries gained independence from the British Empire in 1947 and before the formation of the Indian Union and Pakistan (which was divided into Pakistan and Bangladesh in 1971), the role of an official language, remote to the majority of population in Indian subcontinent, had been gradually played by Sanskrit, Persian, and English. After gaining independence, the new countries decided to replace English as the official language with domestic languages. Their efforts encountered many problems and resulted in various solutions. Urdu became the state language in Pakistan, which caused resistance in local ethnolinguistic groups because the language had been imported by refugees from India. This resistance was the strongest in East Pakistan, where a strong national and language awareness eventually contributed to the formation of an independent Bangladesh with Bengali as the state language. Despite struggle for the dominance of domestic languages, English has preserved its prestigious position both in Pakistan and Bangladesh, as a symbol of higher social position, a language of education and science, and a tool of economic and political power.

Słowa kluczowe

  • language
  • identity
  • politics
  • power
  • Pakistan
  • Bangladesh
Open Access

Za siedmimi morami:The Myth that has Become Real Life for Professor Viktor Krupa

Data publikacji: 22 May 2017
Zakres stron: 219 - 231

Abstrakt

Abstract

The article is devoted to the anniversary of Professor Viktor Krupa – the known Slovak ethnographer and linguist. The object of the analysis was the name of one of the most popular books of Hero of the day – Za siedmimi morami („Over the seven seas“), which seems to be characteristic for the author’s biography. This excpression is included in the Slavic proverbs and sayings with the concept of „sea“. In this case, although the idiom za siedmimi morami is not fixed by any phrasebook or by the majority of monolingual and bilingual dictionaries of the Slovak language, it is widely known in colloquial speech and is often used in modern Slovak literature and the media. In the cited contexts, the expression retains its folk stylistic flavor, which often emphasizes the typical folk-poetic speech „increments“ to its meaning and rhythm, reinforcing the semantics of „remoteness“: za siedmimi ostrovmi a za siedmimi morami, za siedmimi horami a siedmimi morami etc. This variation suggested by the presence of Slovak folklore explicate version of our expression, where the numerical component of the „seven“ is replaced by „nine“ – za deviatimi horami, za siedmimi morami.

Expression za siedmimi morami is one of the many „sea“ – sayings and proverbs recorded in the Slovak language. Each of them has its own distribution area, and its own history, sometimes going back to the ancient European cultural heritage. And in all of them reflect the semantics of infinite space, symbolized by component more („sea“), which created also the idiom za siedmimi morami.

Linguistic analysis of the expression on the background of its Slavic correspondences shows that it has deep folkloric and mythological roots in the Slavic and Indo-European world. This ancient symbolism was explicated in the title of one of the many books of Professor Victor Krupa.

Słowa kluczowe

  • proverbs
  • phraseology
  • idiom
  • comparative paremiology
  • myth
  • Slavic folklore
Open Access

Space Perception and Language Categorization

Data publikacji: 22 May 2017
Zakres stron: 233 - 245

Abstrakt

Abstract

The study brings a brief view at the problem of cognitive association between the space perception and the categorization reflected in natural language from the linguistic point of view that is very close connected to the linguistic worldview and possesses the ethno-cultural specifics. The analysis is focused on the differences of the vertical and horizontal space models’ cognitive dominants in two relative Slavic languages – Russian and Slovak, and on the possible reasons of its existence. The study is devoted to the prominent Slovak philologist Viktor Krupa.

Słowa kluczowe

  • language categorization
  • space perception
  • linguistic worldview
  • ethno-cultural specifics
Open Access

Lexical Reduplication and Slovak Language

Data publikacji: 22 May 2017
Zakres stron: 247 - 271

Abstrakt

Abstract

The study deals with lexical reduplication which has the status of a peripheral, yet legitimate way of how vocabulary is enlarged in the Slovak language. Its result is a reduplicate, a paradigmatically formed unit which – as a whole – is a reflection of its part. Reduplication (in a wider sense) is defined by a semasiological aspect, particularly in the context of structural isomorphism and distinguishing of a reproductive, replicative and reduplicative type (in a narrow sense) with the use of integrative and integrative-modificatory onomasiological categories. The core of the reduplicates is formed by a determinative type of appositional names. Reduplication is a rich source of mimémata and pragma-lexemes. Reduplicates bring a new quality into the lexicon, the quality with specific semantics and pragmatics which oscillates around the pragmatic principle of relevance and amplification. Ethno-significative model ‘X-neX’ is typical for the Slovak language; and the presence of vocalic and echo reduplicates points at the conceptual unification which is of a more universal nature.

Słowa kluczowe

  • reduplication
  • Slovak language
  • semasiology
  • onomasiology
  • pragma-lexeme
Open Access

Discrete Language Units: The Case of a Czech Circumfix

Data publikacji: 22 May 2017
Zakres stron: 273 - 282

Abstrakt

Abstract

Next to multiword lexemes, such as idioms, discrete units may be found on a lower, i.e. a morphological level in language. A notable, rather widespread but neglected field is represented by circumfixes. i.e. discrete combinations of morphemes, such as the German gesprochen standing before and after a lexical morpheme, a stable combination of a prefix and suffix having a stable and fixed meaning and or function. A few examples in various languages as a general classification of this are briefly shown to indicate that the phenomenon of circumfix is by no means rare. In what follows a detailed analysis of a single Czech case of the circumfix z--lý is offered (such as in zhrublý, zesinalý), relating to verb bases. Here, both the regular and anomalous cases is pointed at and commented briefly upon.

Słowa kluczowe

  • dicrete units
  • circumfix
  • Czech
Open Access

Loss of Congruence in Slovak Possessive Resultative Constructions (Evidence from the Slovak National Corpus)

Data publikacji: 22 May 2017
Zakres stron: 283 - 295

Abstrakt

Abstract

Possessive resultative constructions containing a HAVE-verb and a past passive participle have been used in West Slavic languages for centuries without showing a rapid grammaticalisation into a perfect (cf. evidence from Polish and Czech). The same holds for Slovak, where examples can be found at least from the 17th century on without rapidly changing on the grammaticalisation chain. At the same time, Krupa demonstrated in 1960 a loss of congruence between object and past passive participle in possessive resultatives in colloquial Slovak distinguishing different types. Loss of congruence is often considered to be an important grammaticalisation step for emerging participial perfects. A sought in the Slovak National Corpus brought some evidence for such constructions in journalistic texts and from the Internet (the same types as used by Krupa), but their frequency is very low so far.

Słowa kluczowe

  • possessive resultative
  • grammaticalisation
  • Slovak
  • congruence

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