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Informacje o czasopiśmie
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
1338-4287
ISSN
0021-5597
Pierwsze wydanie
05 Mar 2010
Częstotliwość wydawania
2 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski

Wyszukiwanie

Tom 64 (2013): Zeszyt 1 (June 2013)

Informacje o czasopiśmie
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
1338-4287
ISSN
0021-5597
Pierwsze wydanie
05 Mar 2010
Częstotliwość wydawania
2 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski

Wyszukiwanie

5 Artykułów
Otwarty dostęp

Aspectual Opposition and Aspectual Correlation in Slovak

Data publikacji: 08 Oct 2013
Zakres stron: 5 - 47

Abstrakt

Abstract

This investigation of the scope and types of aspectual pairs in Slovak is motivated by the lack of a thorough monograph on aspect in Slovak linguistics, by the lack of a uniform approach to the essential questions of aspect in existing Czech and Slovak studies, and by the differing treatments of aspectual correlations in major dictionaries.

In the introduction we discuss the nature of aspect as a categorial (word-class) component in the meaning of verbs. Aspect is the grammaticalization of the subcategorial semantic feature “manner of flow of an action in time” and is closely connected with a second subcategorial semantic feature - “manner of distribution of an action in space” which finds its expression in the lexico-grammatical category of intention.

In the first part of this study we present a concise overview of opinions concerning the nature of the category of aspect in regard to the formal means of its expression: the universal dimension of aspect is represented by aspectual opposition covering all verbs, and the paradigmatic dimension of aspect is represented by aspectual correlation, i.e., aspect pairs.

Here we touch on the problem of the consideration of aspect as a lexico-grammatical category or a purely morphological category and the problem of the place of prefixation in aspect formation (the acceptance or rejection of prefixation as a means of forming aspectual pairs).

In the second part of the study we focus attention on the analysis of criteria for dividing aspectual pairs, whereby these criteria generate five approaches: A. a formal criterion: imperfectivizing suffixation; B. categorial-semantic criteria (in conceptualizations that also allow prefixal aspect formation): 1) gradual transition (opraviť/opravovať [to repair perfective/imperfective], krotiť/skrotiť [to restrain imperfective/perfective]) as the core of the aspectual correlation, 2) + acceptance of causative semelfactives (bodať/bodnúť to pierce imperfective/perfective, kopať/kopnúť to kick imperfective/perfective) as a type of momentaneous transition, 3) + acceptance of quantitative discursives expressing an intrinsic portion of an atelic process (kašľať/zakašľať to cough imperfective/perfective, zvoniť/ zazvoniť to ring imperfective/perfective, triasť/zatriasť to shake imperfective/perfective), and 4) aspectual correlation as part of a system of several aspectually relevant oppositions, or derivationally perceived aspectual clusters.

The final part of the article is devoted to the question of the formal presentation of aspectual pairs. Here we analyze the problem of considering an aspectual pair as two forms of a single lexeme (the result of form modification, aspect formation) in contrast to considering the members of an aspectual pair as independent lexemes (the result of derivation).

Keywords

  • aspect in Slovak
  • suffixal and prefixal aspect formation
  • semantic types of aspectual pairs
Otwarty dostęp

Between Stylistics and Discourse Analysis

Data publikacji: 08 Oct 2013
Zakres stron: 49 - 65

Abstrakt

Abstract

The research deals with the relationship of linguistic stylistics and discourse analysis and indicates the possibilities of the connectedness and mutual enrichment of both disciplines. The subject of analysis is a text which we understand as a joint startingpoint object of analyses and, at the same time, also as a mean testifying the affinity of both disciplines. We relate the stylistic understanding of the notion of text as a linguistic-thematic structure with a more recent definition of the term discourse within which in the foreground is the social aspect of language and the text functions as a constituent by means of which we penetrate into the purport of the functioning of humans in social interactions with regard to the extra-linguistic factors participating in the social event. On the basis of topical publicistic texts we illustrate the application of the stylistic and discourse-analytical tools within observing the phenomenon of intertextuality (or interdiscoursivity) entailing the mixing of the means of expression, the crossing of the content-and-composition-related strategies in connection with the hybridization of the value identity of the text (the sophisticated with ordinary, the serious with tabloid) and of the genre models with regard to the meaning of these procedures in grasping the reality.

Słowa kluczowe

  • discourse analysis
  • publicistic text
  • stylistics
Otwarty dostęp

TIBENSKÁ, Eva: Sémantická štruktúra slovenskej vety. Trnava : Univerzita sv. Cyrila a Metoda, Filozofická fakulta 2012. 295 s. ISBN: 9788081053436

Data publikacji: 08 Oct 2013
Zakres stron: 67 - 69

Abstrakt

Otwarty dostęp

Sprachkontakte in Zentraleuropa. Ed. Andrzej Kątny. Sprach- und Kulturkontakte in Europas Mitte. Studien zur Slawistik und Germanistik. 1. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang GmbH 2012. 186 pp. ISSN 2192-7170, ISBN 978-3-631-62409-8.

Data publikacji: 08 Oct 2013
Zakres stron: 70 - 73

Abstrakt

Otwarty dostęp

SZABÓMIHÁLY, Gizella – LANSTYÁK, István (eds.): MAGYAROK SZLOVÁKIÁBAN VII. KÖTET: NYELV. Somorja: Fórumkisebbségkutató Intézet 2011. 588 s. ISBN 978-80-89249-54-1.

Data publikacji: 08 Oct 2013
Zakres stron: 74 - 77

Abstrakt

5 Artykułów
Otwarty dostęp

Aspectual Opposition and Aspectual Correlation in Slovak

Data publikacji: 08 Oct 2013
Zakres stron: 5 - 47

Abstrakt

Abstract

This investigation of the scope and types of aspectual pairs in Slovak is motivated by the lack of a thorough monograph on aspect in Slovak linguistics, by the lack of a uniform approach to the essential questions of aspect in existing Czech and Slovak studies, and by the differing treatments of aspectual correlations in major dictionaries.

In the introduction we discuss the nature of aspect as a categorial (word-class) component in the meaning of verbs. Aspect is the grammaticalization of the subcategorial semantic feature “manner of flow of an action in time” and is closely connected with a second subcategorial semantic feature - “manner of distribution of an action in space” which finds its expression in the lexico-grammatical category of intention.

In the first part of this study we present a concise overview of opinions concerning the nature of the category of aspect in regard to the formal means of its expression: the universal dimension of aspect is represented by aspectual opposition covering all verbs, and the paradigmatic dimension of aspect is represented by aspectual correlation, i.e., aspect pairs.

Here we touch on the problem of the consideration of aspect as a lexico-grammatical category or a purely morphological category and the problem of the place of prefixation in aspect formation (the acceptance or rejection of prefixation as a means of forming aspectual pairs).

In the second part of the study we focus attention on the analysis of criteria for dividing aspectual pairs, whereby these criteria generate five approaches: A. a formal criterion: imperfectivizing suffixation; B. categorial-semantic criteria (in conceptualizations that also allow prefixal aspect formation): 1) gradual transition (opraviť/opravovať [to repair perfective/imperfective], krotiť/skrotiť [to restrain imperfective/perfective]) as the core of the aspectual correlation, 2) + acceptance of causative semelfactives (bodať/bodnúť to pierce imperfective/perfective, kopať/kopnúť to kick imperfective/perfective) as a type of momentaneous transition, 3) + acceptance of quantitative discursives expressing an intrinsic portion of an atelic process (kašľať/zakašľať to cough imperfective/perfective, zvoniť/ zazvoniť to ring imperfective/perfective, triasť/zatriasť to shake imperfective/perfective), and 4) aspectual correlation as part of a system of several aspectually relevant oppositions, or derivationally perceived aspectual clusters.

The final part of the article is devoted to the question of the formal presentation of aspectual pairs. Here we analyze the problem of considering an aspectual pair as two forms of a single lexeme (the result of form modification, aspect formation) in contrast to considering the members of an aspectual pair as independent lexemes (the result of derivation).

Keywords

  • aspect in Slovak
  • suffixal and prefixal aspect formation
  • semantic types of aspectual pairs
Otwarty dostęp

Between Stylistics and Discourse Analysis

Data publikacji: 08 Oct 2013
Zakres stron: 49 - 65

Abstrakt

Abstract

The research deals with the relationship of linguistic stylistics and discourse analysis and indicates the possibilities of the connectedness and mutual enrichment of both disciplines. The subject of analysis is a text which we understand as a joint startingpoint object of analyses and, at the same time, also as a mean testifying the affinity of both disciplines. We relate the stylistic understanding of the notion of text as a linguistic-thematic structure with a more recent definition of the term discourse within which in the foreground is the social aspect of language and the text functions as a constituent by means of which we penetrate into the purport of the functioning of humans in social interactions with regard to the extra-linguistic factors participating in the social event. On the basis of topical publicistic texts we illustrate the application of the stylistic and discourse-analytical tools within observing the phenomenon of intertextuality (or interdiscoursivity) entailing the mixing of the means of expression, the crossing of the content-and-composition-related strategies in connection with the hybridization of the value identity of the text (the sophisticated with ordinary, the serious with tabloid) and of the genre models with regard to the meaning of these procedures in grasping the reality.

Słowa kluczowe

  • discourse analysis
  • publicistic text
  • stylistics
Otwarty dostęp

TIBENSKÁ, Eva: Sémantická štruktúra slovenskej vety. Trnava : Univerzita sv. Cyrila a Metoda, Filozofická fakulta 2012. 295 s. ISBN: 9788081053436

Data publikacji: 08 Oct 2013
Zakres stron: 67 - 69

Abstrakt

Otwarty dostęp

Sprachkontakte in Zentraleuropa. Ed. Andrzej Kątny. Sprach- und Kulturkontakte in Europas Mitte. Studien zur Slawistik und Germanistik. 1. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang GmbH 2012. 186 pp. ISSN 2192-7170, ISBN 978-3-631-62409-8.

Data publikacji: 08 Oct 2013
Zakres stron: 70 - 73

Abstrakt

Otwarty dostęp

SZABÓMIHÁLY, Gizella – LANSTYÁK, István (eds.): MAGYAROK SZLOVÁKIÁBAN VII. KÖTET: NYELV. Somorja: Fórumkisebbségkutató Intézet 2011. 588 s. ISBN 978-80-89249-54-1.

Data publikacji: 08 Oct 2013
Zakres stron: 74 - 77

Abstrakt

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