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Volume 27 (2021): Issue 1 (December 2021)

Volume 26 (2020): Issue 1 (December 2020)

Volume 25 (2019): Issue 1 (December 2019)

Volume 24 (2018): Issue 1 (December 2018)

Volume 23 (2017): Issue 1 (December 2017)

Volume 22 (2016): Issue 1 (December 2016)

Volume 21 (2015): Issue 1 (December 2015)

Volume 20 (2014): Issue 1 (December 2014)

Volume 19 (2013): Issue 2013 (December 2013)

Volume 18 (2012): Issue 2012 (January 2012)

Volume 17 (2011): Issue 2011 (January 2011)

Volume 16 (2010): Issue 2010 (January 2010)

Volume 15 (2009): Issue 2009 (January 2009)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-8717
ISSN
1232-8855
First Published
25 Jan 2010
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 17 (2011): Issue 2011 (January 2011)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-8717
ISSN
1232-8855
First Published
25 Jan 2010
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English

Search

6 Articles
Open Access

Strengthening Alternative Agro-food Networks in the Eastern European Countryside

Published Online: 26 Mar 2012
Page range: 5 - 20

Abstract

Strengthening Alternative Agro-food Networks in the Eastern European Countryside

This paper will answer the question raised by the ongoing debate on the conditions of Alternative Agro-Food Networks (AAFN) strengthened in the specific context of different European countries. Modern, sustainable local food systems are built on the basis of social networks which linked different actors into a coherent, horizontal web. Producers, processors and consumers are bonded by a common vision and values which go far beyond simple market production. The issue of sustainable food production and consumption gains special importance in the post-transformation countries of Eastern Europe.

Keywords

  • Alternative Agro-Food Networks
  • relocalization
  • agriculture
  • sustainable rural development
Open Access

Institutional Transformation in the Agricultural Sector of the former Soviet Bloc

Published Online: 26 Mar 2012
Page range: 21 - 53

Abstract

Institutional Transformation in the Agricultural Sector of the former Soviet Bloc

This article discusses popular explanations for the demise of farm enterprises in Mongolia, such as: reduced state funding, corrupt and self-interested rural elites, and the (supposed) drastic central privatisation policy. It argues that these factors are insufficient to explain the collectives' demise, as they are largely true also for Russia, where no widespread break-up of farm enterprises took place. Farm enterprises in Russia, despite financial difficulties, show remarkable resilience as large-scale units. A tendency which can be observed in general, as well as in most of the regions bordering Mongolia with a similar type of (semi) - pastoralist livestock farming, Therefore, this article takes a look at the level of the Mongolian farm enterprise, and considers the socio-economic specifics of these enterprises to discover the incentives for employees and managers to disband (or leave) these enterprises. In doing so it pays attention to formal structures and informal social structures related to property and production, within a tentative comparison with Russia.

Keywords

  • Mongolia
  • Russia
  • decollectivisation
  • property rights
  • social institutions
Open Access

The Development of Agriculturein the Siberian Communities of Russia

Published Online: 26 Mar 2012
Page range: 55 - 71

Abstract

The Development of Agriculturein the Siberian Communities of Russia

Having many years' experience in rural studies, the authors propose their own understanding of the Siberian communities' future assuming the multifunctional character of rural communities and multiplicity in the rural economy and way of life as well as considering an objective to develop human resources as a priority. Three correlated issues are under study: is a rural territory homogeneous as a subject for strategic planning, what is the object for strategic planning in rural communities and should the paradigm of strategic development be inevitably changed from a medium-range perspective to a long-range one?

Keywords

  • strategy of development
  • rural communities
  • rural economy
  • new paradigm
Open Access

Entrepreneurial Attitudes in a Post-Communist Transitional Rural Economy: The Case of Moldova

Published Online: 26 Mar 2012
Page range: 73 - 86

Abstract

Entrepreneurial Attitudes in a Post-Communist Transitional Rural Economy: The Case of Moldova

A sample survey of small and medium-sized farms in Moldova is used to examine the prevalence of different aspects of an "entrepreneurial outlook" in a post-communist transitional economy. Within the range of less than 1 to 100 hectare farms, the most pronounced differences are that operators of larger farms have greater "technical knowledge" of different aspects of high value agricultural production and sales as well as having a greater willingness to deal with "uncertainty and debt."

Keywords

  • Moldova
  • Post-Socialist Economy
  • Entrepreneurial Attitudes
Open Access

The Meanings and Experiences of Domestic Labour among Rural Women in Croatia

Published Online: 26 Mar 2012
Page range: 87 - 106

Abstract

The Meanings and Experiences of Domestic Labour among Rural Women in Croatia

Worldwide research has shown that women tend to devote a disproportionate amount of time to domestic labour that can be a barrier to gender equality and women's empowerment. The aim of this study is to investigate the extent to which women's role in unpaid domestic labour has an effect on their well-being and whether this presents a barrier to their empowerment or their ability ‘to do and be’ what they value. The study is based on ethnographic research in six rural villages located at the very north-eastern part of Croatia in Slavonia. This article draws on rural women's (and men's) accounts of their meanings and experiences in unpaid domestic labour. Pertaining to this labour, it also reviews their contribution as well as their lack of access to well-being in the family and wider community. Findings show that women's engagement in domestic labour has both positive and negative effects on their well-being, as well as that of their families and the wider community.

Keywords

  • domestic labour
  • well-being
  • women
  • rural
  • Croatia
Open Access

The Tourist Potential of Rural Areas in Poland

Published Online: 26 Mar 2012
Page range: 107 - 135

Abstract

The Tourist Potential of Rural Areas in Poland

This paper critically examines the role tourism can play in the stabilisation and diversification of rural areas using the example of Poland. Based on the literature and statistical data, the past development and current state of rural tourism in Poland is analysed. Then an analytical framework based on Porter (1990) is developed to assess the future tourist potential of Polish rural areas and identify barriers and chances of tourist development. The analysis revealed that the future tourist potential of rural areas in Poland is limited and often overestimated. Considerable deficits on the supply side and poor financial resources are combined with a limited and recently shrinking demand. The economic significance of tourism in most rural areas outside of the traditional tourist destinations has so far been marginal. Rural tourism in Poland can grow on a small scale and in niche markets requiring: 1) sound market research at national level, 2) regional tourism strategies based on an analysis of the seven depicted success factors, 3) organisations and intersectoral partnerships at regional level, and 4) a high level of interest and initiative of the local population to develop creative ideas for supply ‘bundles’ and to overcome the numerous barriers. Rural tourism is not a panacea for the structural problems of rural areas in Poland. The majority of regions - particularly outside of the traditional tourist destinations and far from big cities - will have to base their diversification on more pillars than tourism.

Keywords

  • Rural tourism
  • Poland
  • agritourism
  • tourist potential
  • Porter
  • rural development
6 Articles
Open Access

Strengthening Alternative Agro-food Networks in the Eastern European Countryside

Published Online: 26 Mar 2012
Page range: 5 - 20

Abstract

Strengthening Alternative Agro-food Networks in the Eastern European Countryside

This paper will answer the question raised by the ongoing debate on the conditions of Alternative Agro-Food Networks (AAFN) strengthened in the specific context of different European countries. Modern, sustainable local food systems are built on the basis of social networks which linked different actors into a coherent, horizontal web. Producers, processors and consumers are bonded by a common vision and values which go far beyond simple market production. The issue of sustainable food production and consumption gains special importance in the post-transformation countries of Eastern Europe.

Keywords

  • Alternative Agro-Food Networks
  • relocalization
  • agriculture
  • sustainable rural development
Open Access

Institutional Transformation in the Agricultural Sector of the former Soviet Bloc

Published Online: 26 Mar 2012
Page range: 21 - 53

Abstract

Institutional Transformation in the Agricultural Sector of the former Soviet Bloc

This article discusses popular explanations for the demise of farm enterprises in Mongolia, such as: reduced state funding, corrupt and self-interested rural elites, and the (supposed) drastic central privatisation policy. It argues that these factors are insufficient to explain the collectives' demise, as they are largely true also for Russia, where no widespread break-up of farm enterprises took place. Farm enterprises in Russia, despite financial difficulties, show remarkable resilience as large-scale units. A tendency which can be observed in general, as well as in most of the regions bordering Mongolia with a similar type of (semi) - pastoralist livestock farming, Therefore, this article takes a look at the level of the Mongolian farm enterprise, and considers the socio-economic specifics of these enterprises to discover the incentives for employees and managers to disband (or leave) these enterprises. In doing so it pays attention to formal structures and informal social structures related to property and production, within a tentative comparison with Russia.

Keywords

  • Mongolia
  • Russia
  • decollectivisation
  • property rights
  • social institutions
Open Access

The Development of Agriculturein the Siberian Communities of Russia

Published Online: 26 Mar 2012
Page range: 55 - 71

Abstract

The Development of Agriculturein the Siberian Communities of Russia

Having many years' experience in rural studies, the authors propose their own understanding of the Siberian communities' future assuming the multifunctional character of rural communities and multiplicity in the rural economy and way of life as well as considering an objective to develop human resources as a priority. Three correlated issues are under study: is a rural territory homogeneous as a subject for strategic planning, what is the object for strategic planning in rural communities and should the paradigm of strategic development be inevitably changed from a medium-range perspective to a long-range one?

Keywords

  • strategy of development
  • rural communities
  • rural economy
  • new paradigm
Open Access

Entrepreneurial Attitudes in a Post-Communist Transitional Rural Economy: The Case of Moldova

Published Online: 26 Mar 2012
Page range: 73 - 86

Abstract

Entrepreneurial Attitudes in a Post-Communist Transitional Rural Economy: The Case of Moldova

A sample survey of small and medium-sized farms in Moldova is used to examine the prevalence of different aspects of an "entrepreneurial outlook" in a post-communist transitional economy. Within the range of less than 1 to 100 hectare farms, the most pronounced differences are that operators of larger farms have greater "technical knowledge" of different aspects of high value agricultural production and sales as well as having a greater willingness to deal with "uncertainty and debt."

Keywords

  • Moldova
  • Post-Socialist Economy
  • Entrepreneurial Attitudes
Open Access

The Meanings and Experiences of Domestic Labour among Rural Women in Croatia

Published Online: 26 Mar 2012
Page range: 87 - 106

Abstract

The Meanings and Experiences of Domestic Labour among Rural Women in Croatia

Worldwide research has shown that women tend to devote a disproportionate amount of time to domestic labour that can be a barrier to gender equality and women's empowerment. The aim of this study is to investigate the extent to which women's role in unpaid domestic labour has an effect on their well-being and whether this presents a barrier to their empowerment or their ability ‘to do and be’ what they value. The study is based on ethnographic research in six rural villages located at the very north-eastern part of Croatia in Slavonia. This article draws on rural women's (and men's) accounts of their meanings and experiences in unpaid domestic labour. Pertaining to this labour, it also reviews their contribution as well as their lack of access to well-being in the family and wider community. Findings show that women's engagement in domestic labour has both positive and negative effects on their well-being, as well as that of their families and the wider community.

Keywords

  • domestic labour
  • well-being
  • women
  • rural
  • Croatia
Open Access

The Tourist Potential of Rural Areas in Poland

Published Online: 26 Mar 2012
Page range: 107 - 135

Abstract

The Tourist Potential of Rural Areas in Poland

This paper critically examines the role tourism can play in the stabilisation and diversification of rural areas using the example of Poland. Based on the literature and statistical data, the past development and current state of rural tourism in Poland is analysed. Then an analytical framework based on Porter (1990) is developed to assess the future tourist potential of Polish rural areas and identify barriers and chances of tourist development. The analysis revealed that the future tourist potential of rural areas in Poland is limited and often overestimated. Considerable deficits on the supply side and poor financial resources are combined with a limited and recently shrinking demand. The economic significance of tourism in most rural areas outside of the traditional tourist destinations has so far been marginal. Rural tourism in Poland can grow on a small scale and in niche markets requiring: 1) sound market research at national level, 2) regional tourism strategies based on an analysis of the seven depicted success factors, 3) organisations and intersectoral partnerships at regional level, and 4) a high level of interest and initiative of the local population to develop creative ideas for supply ‘bundles’ and to overcome the numerous barriers. Rural tourism is not a panacea for the structural problems of rural areas in Poland. The majority of regions - particularly outside of the traditional tourist destinations and far from big cities - will have to base their diversification on more pillars than tourism.

Keywords

  • Rural tourism
  • Poland
  • agritourism
  • tourist potential
  • Porter
  • rural development

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