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Volumen 40 (2019): Heft 2 (October 2019)

Volumen 40 (2019): Heft 1 (May 2019)

Volumen 39 (2018): Heft 2-3 (December 2018)

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Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
1857-8985
ISSN
1857-9345
Erstveröffentlichung
08 Sep 2014
Erscheinungsweise
2 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

Volumen 40 (2019): Heft 2 (October 2019)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
1857-8985
ISSN
1857-9345
Erstveröffentlichung
08 Sep 2014
Erscheinungsweise
2 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

17 Artikel
Open Access

Minimalistic Approach for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI): Open Vascular Vs. Fully Percutaneous Approach

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 5 - 14

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Background: Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most common valvular heart disease in elderly people. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has emerged as a revolutionary treatment for elderly patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis. The authors present the first experiences with transcatheter aortic valve implantation treatment in Macedonia and compare their findings in regard to differences between open vascular vs. minimalistic transfemoral TAVI approach.

Methods: The procedure was performed in 54 patients with severe and symptomatic AS in the period from December 2014 until February 2018. All patients were deemed having high surgical risk or were denied surgery. Pre-procedural screening included detailed clinical and echocardiographic evaluation, coronary, peripheral and carotid angiography and computed tomography scan of the aortic root. A self-expandable aortic valve (Core Valve/Evolut R, Medtronic, USA) was implanted in all patients.

Results: Mean patient age was 75 ± 7.2 years, 28 (52%) were female, 26 patients (48%) male. All interventions were successfully performed through right transfemoral approach with 100% implantation success. Ancillary right radial and ulnar approach was used for correct valve positioning and control. 22(40%) cases were performed under general anesthesia and open vascular access to the femoral artery. All other 32(60%) cases were performed with minimalistic approach (local anaesthesia and analgosedation of the patients, access site was closed with closure devices). Patients in the minimalistic approach group were older, with more chronic conditions as anaemia, chronic kidney disease, poor mobility and peripheral vascular disease (p<0.0001). Also 4(12.5%) patients in the minimalistic group had bicuspid valve TAVI implantation (p<0.0001). Procedural time and contrast amount spent were shorter in this group with 97± 38 vs. 121± 38.3(p<0.0001) and 287± 122 vs. 330± 115 ml, while fluoroscopy time was similar in both groups. Immediate hemodynamic improvement was obtained in all patients. Echocardiographic peak gradient decreased from 85 ± 25 to 17 ± 8 mmHg (p < 0.001) and mean pressure gradient from 49 ± 26 to 8.3 ± 4.2 mmHg, (p < 0.001). Effective valve orifice area was 1.8±0.4 cm2 after intervention. None of the patients had significant aortic regurgitation after implantation. After intervention 7(12%) patients developed a permanent heart block and required implantation of a permanent pacemaker. There was a larger Hgb drop after intervention with open vs. minimalistic approach 1,9±0.9 vs. 0.7±0,2 g/dL (p<0.0001). 3 (13% vs.0%) patients from the open vascular access group had a major bleeding complication with 2 requiring transfusion after intervention (p<0.0001). Mortality was 5.5%, 2 with open-vascular and 1 with minimalistic approach. MACCE rate that included MI, Stroke, Major bleeding and Death rate, was recorded in 5(18%) patients with open vascular approach vs. 1(3.1%) in minimalistic approach (p<0.0001). Hospital discharge was 8.7±3.1 vs. 4±3.1 days respectively (p<0.0001). All TAVI patients with minimalistic approach were discharged the following day after intervention. All discharged patients had a good neurological condition, which was assessed based on the CPC-1 (Cerebra Performance Categories Scale). After median follow up of 26 months, the survival rate was 95% with clinical improvement in all patients.

Conclusion: Percutaneous aortic valve implantation can be successfully conducted with high success rate and low rate of complications in patients with severe aortic stenosis. Using a less invasive approach with local anaesthesia and analgosedation is associated with shorter length of stay and a decrease in post-procedural complication rates and MACCE.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Aortic stenosis
  • Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI)
Open Access

Evaluation of Clinical, Laboratory and Treatment Modalities in C3 Glomerulopathy: Single Center Experience

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 15 - 23

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Background/aim: C3 glomerulopathy (C3GP) defines a rare group of glomerulonephritis (GN), which could lead to end stage renal disease (ESRD). Histopathologic features of the disease have yet to be defined and the prognostic factors and optimal treatment are not fully known. The purpose of this study was to determine the demographic, histological change, treatment modalities and outcomes among patients with C3GP.

Material and method: This retrospective observational study was conducted in the Department of Nephrology, Gazi University, Ankara, from 2013 to 2017. All patients with kidney biopsies fulfilling the criteria for C3GP were included in the study.

Results: Twenty-four patients with C3GP (50% male and of middle age - 43 years old) were enrolled in this study. 21% (5/24) patients developed ESRD. Renal biopsy findings such as crescent formation, glomerulo-sclerosis and tubular atrophy were similar in patients with ESRD, when compared to patients who did not develop ESRD. The treatment modalities of the patients were examined in two groups as MMF based and non-MMF based. The difference in the preservation of eGFR did not reach statistical significance between these two groups. The success rate of complete remission was similar between both groups. Serum creatinine levels >2.3 mg/dl at admission and need for renal replacement treatment (RRT) were associated with decreased renal survival.

Conclusion: MMF based or non-MMF based treatments have similar efficacy in C3GP. Serum creatinine level higher than 2.3 mg/dl at the time of diagnosis and need for RRT during admission are a strong predictor of ESRD with high sensitivity and specificity.

Schlüsselwörter

  • C3 glomerulopathy
  • eculizumab
  • end stage renal disease
  • mycophenolate mofetil
Open Access

The Effect of Dialysis Modality and Membrane Performance on Native Immunity in Dialysis Patients

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 25 - 32

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is characterized by immune activation with development of chronic inflammation. However, immune deficiency also exists in CKD patients. The number and the activity of Natural Killer cells (NK-cells) are influenced by the biocompatibility of various dialysis membranes. In this study we investigated the effect of dialysis modality and membrane type on NK-cell number and on phagocytic activity of neutrophils in patients on different dialysis methods.

Sixty patients were included in the study and divided in three groups of 20 patients each. Patients on conventional hemodialysis using Low Flux membrane (cHD-LF) were included in Group I, patients on conventional dialysis using High Flux membrane (cHD-HF) were included in Group II and patients treated by on-line hemodiafiltration with High Flux polysulphone membrane (on-line HDF) were included in Group III. Native immunity was investigated using the number of NK-cells and the phagocytic activity of neutrophils.

NK-cells count was significantly lower (p<0.001) in the three groups of dialyzed patients in comparison to healthy subjects. However, no significant difference was observed in the NK-cells count among patients treated by conventional dialysis using Low or High Flux membrane and patients treated by on-line hemodiafiltration. Similarly, although the phagocytic activity of neutrophils was significantly decreased in all patients on dialysis (p<0.001), no difference related to the dialysis modality or membrane performance was observed. A strong positive correlation was recognized between parathormone blood levels and number of NK-cells (r=0.305, p<0.01).

In conclusion, an impairment of the native immunity represented by NK cell number and phagocytic activity of neutrophils is observed in patients on dialysis. Dialysis modality and membrane performance do not influence the native immunity of dialyzed patients. However, parathormone blood levels are possibly involved in the development of immune system disturbances in such patients.

Schlüsselwörter

  • NK cells
  • phagocytosis
  • immunity
  • dialysis mode
  • membrane performance
  • parathormone
Open Access

Treatment of Acetabular Defects with Porous Metal Augments in Revision Hip Surgery

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 33 - 39

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Porous metal augments have been used successfully for management of large acetabular defects during revision hip arthroplasty. This study analyzes and compares the clinical and radiographic outcomes of porous metal augments in cemented and uncemented acetabular revisions, all performed at the same institution. In the period 2015-2017, 36 patients with 37 large acetabular defects were treated with porous metal augments in cemented and uncemented acetabular revisions. Postoperatively, patients were monitored for two years on average period of 24-36 months.

Acetabular augments were used when preoperative and intraoperative findings indicated the presence of large acetabular defects that can hinder the stability of the revision implants. We used lateral approach, 36 mm femoral head, and cementless or cemented acetabular cup depending on local bone quality. Postoperatively, all patients followed total hip arthroplasty precautions, with weight bearing as tolerated regimen with use of crutches during 6 weeks after surgery. The follow-up was radiological and clinical. We used HHS. At a mean follow-up of two years (range 24-36 months) one patient had reinfection and one patient had infection. None of the patients shown signs of aseptic augment or acetabular cup loosening. Porous metal augments show comparable excellent radiographic and clinical short-term outcomes, when combined with cemented or uncemented cups in revision hip arthroplasty. They allow good bone ingrowth, adequate implant contact and good stability. Complications were related to infection and not related to the augments itself.

Schlüsselwörter

  • porous metal augments
  • acetabular defects
  • revision hip surgery
Open Access

The Eysenck Personality Profile in Selected Groups of Ophthalmological Patients

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 41 - 49

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Personality correlates in patients with eye diseases have bidirectional influence. It is possible that personality variables lead to behaviours that may influence the cause of eye problems, but the opposite is also possible, that eye problems could have a direct effect on personality.

The aim of this study was to evaluate personality traits in patients with glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and cataract using the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire.

Obtained results showed similar personality profiles in patients with glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and cataract. However, extraversion and neuroticism were higher in patients with diabetes, while the psychopathic traits are the highest in the group of cataract.

Age and gender of patients do not influence the scores obtained on the questionnaire confirmed with one way ANOVA. Not significant difference in parameters (tested with Student t-test) was obtained between groups.

It is proposed psychological evaluation to be included in the assessment of more serious eye diseases for helping patients to adjust and adapt to the condition and treatment.

Schlüsselwörter

  • personality traits
  • glaucoma
  • cataract
  • diabetic retinopathy
Open Access

Association of Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome with Bacteremia in Patients with Sepsis

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 51 - 56

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the usability of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and commonly used biochemical parameters as predictors for positive blood culture in patients with sepsis. The study included 313 patients aged ≥18 years with severe sepsis and septic shock consecutively admitted in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the University Clinic for Infectious Diseases in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia. The study took place from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2017. We recorded demographic variables, common laboratory tests, SIRS parameters, site of infection, comorbidities and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score. Blood cultures were positive in 65 (20.8%) patients with sepsis. Gram-positive bacteria were isolated from 35 (53.8%) patients. From the evaluated variables in this study, only the presence of four SIRS parameters was associated with bacteremia, finding that will help to predict bacteremia and initiate early appropriate therapy in septic patients.

Schlüsselwörter

  • bacteremia
  • sepsis
  • severe sepsis
  • septic shock
Open Access

Quality of the Clinical Maternal and Neonatal Healthcare Assessment in a Tertiary Public Maternity Hospital in R. Macedonia

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 57 - 65

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Introduction: Maternal and neonatal infections can be prevented, but they are still common in low and middle-developed countries. There is a connection between childbirth on one hand and postpartum and newborn care on the other. Globally, several efforts are being made to improve quality of childbirth by providing initial assessment of procedures, risk prevention and continuous monitoring of childbirth process and possible complications. The World Health Organization has developed Checklists for Safe Delivery with procedures to be implemented as routine care, in order to promptly detect and manage complications related to childbirth.

Material and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in the University Clinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Skopje, a maternity hospital in R. Macedonia from the tertiary level of the public health care system. In this study 300 obstetric and 307 neonatal histories from childbirths in February and March 2018 have been analyzed. The collected data refers to the care of the prepartum, intrapartum, early postpartum and early neonatal periods.

Results: An initial assessment at admission proved that 14.7% of pregnant women had existing infection, in 93% of them the body temperature was measured and in only 9.3% urine analysis was made, 10.3% of the women had arterial hypertension, and 66.5% of them with hypertension had a headache. In the continuous monitoring and prevention of potential risk, arterial tension was measured in 33% of all mothers. In all women the placenta quality was checked up, as well as vaginal bleeding, application of oxytocin and hemoglobin level before discharge.

Conclusion: The quality and quantity of documented data in the maternity hospital medical histories is high. There were no standard protocols for assessment of pregnant women. Certain procedures are conducted in every woman during childbirth. Standardized procedures are needed to be applied during every childbirth.

Schlüsselwörter

  • delivery
  • risk factors
  • quality
  • prevention
Open Access

Transmission Electron Microscopy: Novel Application of Established Technique in Characterization of Nanoparticles as Drug Delivery Systems

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 67 - 72

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Nanotechnology presents a modern field of science that in the last twenty-five years plays a dominant role in the biomedicine. Different analytical methods are used for evaluation of the physico-chemical properties of nanoparticles including chromatography, electrophoresis, X-ray scattering, spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, zeta potential measurement and microscopy on which this article will focus.

Herein, we present novel application of the long-established TEM technique that is focused on characterization and evaluation of various nanoparticles in development of drug delivery systems.

Transmission electron microscopy images were taken of samples from native nanoparticles, nanoparticles labeled using stannous chloride labeling procedure, inorganic silica nanoparticles loaded with budesonide and native micelles and micelles carrier of anticancer drug camptothecin. In the case of radiolabeled nanoparticles, beside for nanoparticle characterization, TEM technique was used to confirm the stability of the nanoparticles after radiolabeling. Furthermore, the porous structure of hybrid silica particles loaded with budesonide was examined under TEM.

Transmission electron microscopy technique offers exceptional benefits for nanoparticle characterization. Additionally, the necessity of ultrastructural analysis demonstrates the potential of TEM in the field of nanomedicine. Hence, the long-established and well-known TEM has been only partially exploited and offer researchers very detailed images of specimens at microscopic and nano scale.

Schlüsselwörter

  • nanoparticle
  • transmission electron microscopy
  • drug delivery systems
Open Access

Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Campylobacter isolates in the Capital of North Macedonia

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 73 - 80

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Background: Campylobacter infections are typically self-limited, but in cases with severe enteritis, immuno-compromised system and bacteremia, an appropriate antimicrobial treatment is demanding. Our study aim was to determine the isolation rate of Campylobacter among patients with acute enteritis in the capital of North Macedonia and its antimicrobial susceptibility.

Material and methods: A total number of 3820 patients clinically diagnosed as acute enteritis, were included in the study. Stool samples were collected and Campylobacter was isolated and identified by classical microbiological methods. Antimicrobial susceptibility of all isolates to Ceftriaxone, Amoxicillin-clavulonic acid, Erythromycin, Ciprofloxacin, Tetracycline and Gentamicin was determined by disc-diffusion technique. Additionally, minimal inhibitory concentrations of all Campylobacter isolates against erythromycin, ciprofloxacin and tetracycline were determined by Epsilon gradient tests.

Results: Campylobacter species was isolated in 97 patients. Although the mean isolation rate of Campylobacter spp. during the whole study period was 2.53%, a statistically significant increase was detected in 2016 and 2017, in comparison with the data from previous four years of the study. The isolation rate of Campylobacter spp. didn’t reveal statistically significant difference between males and females (p > 0.05). 46.4 % of patients with Campylobacter enteritis were children at the age under 15 years. Forty-three C. jejuni isolates were susceptible to all six antibiotics, but the remaining 44 isolates revealed resistance to at least one antibiotic. C. coli isolates were resistant to 3 antibiotics simultaneously. Two C. coli isolates only, were susceptible to all 6 antibiotics. 40.90% of C. jejuni and 50% of C. coli isolates were resistant to beta-lactams, fluoroquinolones and tetracyclines, simultaneously.

Conclusion: The increase of the isolation rate of Campylobacter from patients with acute enteritis indicates the need for permanent isolation and identification of Campylobacter from every clinically diagnosed patient, as acute enteritis. Erythromicin is the most effective antibiotic for treatment of Campylobacter enteritis in our patients. The high level of Campylobacter resistance to beta-lactams, fluoroquinolones and tetracyclines requires more rational approach in the treatment of Campylobacter enteritis

Schlüsselwörter

  • acute enteritis
  • antimicrobial susceptibility
Open Access

Is Opioid-Free General Anesthesia More Superior for Postoperative Pain Versus Opioid General Anesthesia in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy?

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 81 - 87

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Introduction: Opioid-free anesthesia (OFA) is a new anesthesiological technique, where the giving of opioids (fentanyl) is avoided in the intra- and post-operative period. This leads to reduction in the opioid-related side effects and lower pain scores in the postoperative period.

Materials and methods: In this randomized, single-blind clinical study, 60 patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were enrolled. Half of them (30 patients) received general balanced anesthesia with fentanyl (F group-FG), and the half received opioid-free general anesthesia (OFA group-OFAG). In the post-operative period, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores were followed at rest and when coughing 1 hour, 4 hrs, 8 hrs, 12 and 24 hrs after surgery. Both groups were followed by opioid requirements in the postoperative period.

Results: In the postoperative period, patients in the fentanyl group (FG) have higher pain scores at rest and on coughing in all analyzed timeframes compared to patients from the OFA group, but statistically significant difference was approved 1 and 24 hours after surgery. In the OFA group 24 hours after surgery none of the patients reported pain at rest and when coughing number 7, 8, 9 and 10 according to the VAS pain score. The total opioid requirement in the postoperative period was significantly higher in the fentanyl group (FG) at rest and when coughing, compared to the OFA group.

Conclusion: Opioid-free anesthesia as a part of multimodal analgesia and a new anesthesiology technique is a safe procedure, where opioid-related negative effects in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy are avoided..

Schlüsselwörter

  • opioid-free anesthesia
  • fentanyl
  • laparoscopic cholecystectomy
  • pain
Open Access

Identification of Periopathogenes from Dental Plaque in Periodontal Patients with PCR Technique and Their Association with Composite Interleukin-1 Genotype

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 89 - 97

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Introduction: The present study aimed to assess the presence of main types of microorganisms involved in the aetiopathogenesis of chronic periodontitis with PCR technique and determinates the presence of composite IL-1 genotype and their associations with founded bacteria.

Material and method: The examined group was consisted from 20 subjects with diagnosed chronic periodontitis and 20 healthy control without periodontitis. Clinical parameters like gingival index (GI), plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), periodontal pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment lost (CAL) were determinates. Subgingival dental plaque was collected using a sterilized paper point. We used Parodontose Plus test, reverse hybridization kit, for the detection of periodontal marker bacteria, as well as for the detection of composite Interleukin -1 Genotype

Results: The most present bacterial species detected from subgingival dental plaque was Treponema denticola and Porfiromonas gingivalis which was present in 65% of examined patients. In relation to the presence of positive genotype in patients, there was no significant difference between the test and control group for p> 0.05 (p = 1.00). For χ2=8,17 (p=0,06, p<0,05) there is an association between Prevotella intermedia, and composite genotype.

Between positive genotype and analyzed bacterial species A. actinomycetem comitans for p> 0.05 (p = 1.00), P. gingivalis for p> 0.05 (p = 0.16), T. Forsythia for p> 0.05 (p = 0.20), T. Denticola for p> 0.05 (p = 0.64) no association was found.

Conclusion. This investigations confirmed the strong association of these five examined periopathogenes with periodontitis.

Schlüsselwörter

  • periodontitis
  • periopathogenes
  • composite genotype
Open Access

A Rare Case of Superior Gluteal Artery Pseudo Aneurysm after Blunt Trauma

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 99 - 102

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Prevailing over in rotationally unstable pelvic fractures, acetabular fractures or hip dislocations, superior gluteal artery pseudo aneurysm imperceptibly could be found after blunt force trauma of the pelvic region. We present a case of superior gluteal artery pseudo aneurysm after blunt force trauma that became gradually symptomatic in two months following the prime malevolence. Non-resolving gluteal hematoma presented two months after the incident, disregarding standard treatment methods led the diagnosis to plausible entity of pseudo aneurysm. Standard protocol was followed. CT angiography was indicated and it confirmed the suspected diagnosis. Upon indication a treatment plan was established with correspondent angioembolization of the pathologic substrate. Pseudo aneurism of the superior gluteal artery should be considered as differential diagnosis for unexplained hematomas in the posterior pelvic region following a trauma regardless of its nature.

Schlüsselwörter

  • pseudo aneurysm
  • superior gluteal artery
  • gluteal hematoma
  • blunt force trauma
Open Access

Special Conditions in Venous Thrombembolism – Case Series

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 103 - 111

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Venous thromboembolism (VTE), including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is a preventable cause of in-hospital death, and one of the most prevalent vascular diseases. There is a lack of knowledge with regards to contemporary presentation, management, and outcomes of patients with VTE. Many clinically important subgroups (including the elderly, those with recent bleeding, renal insufficiency, disseminated malignancy or pregnant patients) have been under-represented in randomized clinical trials. We still need information from real life data (as example RIETE). The paper presents case series with VTE in special conditions, including cancer associated thrombosis, malignant homeopathies, as well in high risk population.

Schlüsselwörter

  • venous thromboembolism
  • pulmonary embolism
  • deep vein thrombosis
  • cancer associated thrombosis
  • malignant homeopathies
  • high risk
Open Access

Acute Thyroiditis Associated with Brucellosis: A Case Report

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 113 - 117

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Brucella thyroiditis represents an extremely rare focal form of brucellosis. In this case report we describe a 55 years old male, diagnosed with brucellosis and peripheral arthritis with subsequent development of acute thyroiditis. The symptoms duration consistent with brucellosis started two weeks before establishing the diagnosis. Only a day after diagnosis and initiation of antibrucellar treatment, acute non-suppurative thyroiditis suddenly manifested. Thyroiditis was diagnosed with clinical inspection and confirmed by ultrasound investigation. With the appropriate antibrucellar treatment, complete cure of thyroid affection was reached in ten days and the patient remained well during the follow-up period of two and a half years. In conclusion, in brucellosis endemic regions brucellosis should be included in the diagnostic consideration in patients with acute non-suppurative thyroiditis. Early recognition and adequate treatment of brucella thyroiditis results in favorable outcome.

Schlüsselwörter

  • brucellosis
  • thyroiditis
  • arthritis
  • ultrasound
Open Access

Prof. Aleksandar Josifovich Ignjatovski, Founder and First Director of the Clinic for Internal Medicine and the First Head of the Department of Internal Medicine at the Faculty of Medicine in Skopje, R. Macedonia

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 119 - 131

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Aleksandar J. Ignjatovski was born in the Smolensk Region, Russia, on 18.03.1875. He graduated from the Faculty of Medicine in St. Petersburg in 1899 where he started specialization in internal medicine and continued in Berlin, Heidelberg, Munich and Paris. In 1905 he was elected assistant professor in St. Petersburg, continued as an associate professor in Odessa in 1908 and a full-time professor in 1912 in Warsaw. During the October Revolution, he was the Head of the Internal Clinic in Rostov, and in 1920 he emigrated to Belgrade. In 1922 he was appointed full professor and Director of the First Internal Clinic at the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade, which he established, developed and managed until his retirement in 1946. In 1948 he moved to Skopje as a full professor and first Director of the Internal Clinic at the Faculty of Medicine in Skopje. He studied the pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis and first proved it experimentally, and published a paper in 1908, indicating that it was associated with higher blood cholesterol level. He also dealt with immunobiology and infectious diseases, in particular tuberculosis and tetanus. Prof. A. Ignjatovski was an excellent clinician, teacher and scientist, who published over 80 papers. His most important textbooks are “Clinical Semiotics and Symptomatic Therapy”, in two editions, in Russian (1919) and in Serbian (1929-37), and “The Basics of Internal Propedeutics” in three volumes, published in Skopje in 1952, 1954 and 1963. The work of Prof. A. Ignjatovski, as a leading clinician and a great teacher and scientist, is embedded in the development of internal medicine, and medicine in general, in Russia, Serbia and Macedonia. The bright memorial of the founder and first director of the Internal Medicine Clinic and the first Head of the Department of Internal Medicine at the Faculty of Medicine in Skopje has been permanently incorporated in the history of medicine in R. Macedonia. Prof. A. Ignjatovski died on 18.08.1955.

Schlüsselwörter

  • history of medicine
  • internal medicine
  • arteriosclerosis
  • Aleksandar Ignjatovski
Open Access

Could Serum Sclerostin Help in Early Assessment and Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease – Mineral and Bone Disorder?

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 133 - 134

Zusammenfassung

Open Access

Acad. Prof. Yucel Kanpolat, Distinguished and Internationally Recognized Neurosurgeon and Friend of the Republic of Macedonia

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 135 - 140

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The sad news about the death of Acad. Yucel Kanpolat (September 17, 2016), a famous scholar, a pioneer in the field of neurosurgery, and a friend of the Republic of Macedonia, saddened the members of the Editorial Board of the journal PRILOZI of the Department of Medical Sciences of the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, of which he was a member, as well as the other members of the Academy. Yucel Kanpolat was an international figure, linking Turkey to almost every country in the world. Neurosurgery has lost a very special surgeon, scientist and humanitarian. During the visit to the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts in 2011, we discussed the cooperation between the Turkish Academy of Sciences and the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, which he respected very much, as well as the role of the academies. He delivered a lecture on The Mission of Academia in the Age of Science, PRILOZI, MASA, XXXII, 2, p. 7-10 (2011), which we reprint in addition.

Schlüsselwörter

  • dead
  • neurosurgery
  • mission
  • science
17 Artikel
Open Access

Minimalistic Approach for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI): Open Vascular Vs. Fully Percutaneous Approach

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 5 - 14

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Background: Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most common valvular heart disease in elderly people. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has emerged as a revolutionary treatment for elderly patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis. The authors present the first experiences with transcatheter aortic valve implantation treatment in Macedonia and compare their findings in regard to differences between open vascular vs. minimalistic transfemoral TAVI approach.

Methods: The procedure was performed in 54 patients with severe and symptomatic AS in the period from December 2014 until February 2018. All patients were deemed having high surgical risk or were denied surgery. Pre-procedural screening included detailed clinical and echocardiographic evaluation, coronary, peripheral and carotid angiography and computed tomography scan of the aortic root. A self-expandable aortic valve (Core Valve/Evolut R, Medtronic, USA) was implanted in all patients.

Results: Mean patient age was 75 ± 7.2 years, 28 (52%) were female, 26 patients (48%) male. All interventions were successfully performed through right transfemoral approach with 100% implantation success. Ancillary right radial and ulnar approach was used for correct valve positioning and control. 22(40%) cases were performed under general anesthesia and open vascular access to the femoral artery. All other 32(60%) cases were performed with minimalistic approach (local anaesthesia and analgosedation of the patients, access site was closed with closure devices). Patients in the minimalistic approach group were older, with more chronic conditions as anaemia, chronic kidney disease, poor mobility and peripheral vascular disease (p<0.0001). Also 4(12.5%) patients in the minimalistic group had bicuspid valve TAVI implantation (p<0.0001). Procedural time and contrast amount spent were shorter in this group with 97± 38 vs. 121± 38.3(p<0.0001) and 287± 122 vs. 330± 115 ml, while fluoroscopy time was similar in both groups. Immediate hemodynamic improvement was obtained in all patients. Echocardiographic peak gradient decreased from 85 ± 25 to 17 ± 8 mmHg (p < 0.001) and mean pressure gradient from 49 ± 26 to 8.3 ± 4.2 mmHg, (p < 0.001). Effective valve orifice area was 1.8±0.4 cm2 after intervention. None of the patients had significant aortic regurgitation after implantation. After intervention 7(12%) patients developed a permanent heart block and required implantation of a permanent pacemaker. There was a larger Hgb drop after intervention with open vs. minimalistic approach 1,9±0.9 vs. 0.7±0,2 g/dL (p<0.0001). 3 (13% vs.0%) patients from the open vascular access group had a major bleeding complication with 2 requiring transfusion after intervention (p<0.0001). Mortality was 5.5%, 2 with open-vascular and 1 with minimalistic approach. MACCE rate that included MI, Stroke, Major bleeding and Death rate, was recorded in 5(18%) patients with open vascular approach vs. 1(3.1%) in minimalistic approach (p<0.0001). Hospital discharge was 8.7±3.1 vs. 4±3.1 days respectively (p<0.0001). All TAVI patients with minimalistic approach were discharged the following day after intervention. All discharged patients had a good neurological condition, which was assessed based on the CPC-1 (Cerebra Performance Categories Scale). After median follow up of 26 months, the survival rate was 95% with clinical improvement in all patients.

Conclusion: Percutaneous aortic valve implantation can be successfully conducted with high success rate and low rate of complications in patients with severe aortic stenosis. Using a less invasive approach with local anaesthesia and analgosedation is associated with shorter length of stay and a decrease in post-procedural complication rates and MACCE.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Aortic stenosis
  • Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI)
Open Access

Evaluation of Clinical, Laboratory and Treatment Modalities in C3 Glomerulopathy: Single Center Experience

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 15 - 23

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Background/aim: C3 glomerulopathy (C3GP) defines a rare group of glomerulonephritis (GN), which could lead to end stage renal disease (ESRD). Histopathologic features of the disease have yet to be defined and the prognostic factors and optimal treatment are not fully known. The purpose of this study was to determine the demographic, histological change, treatment modalities and outcomes among patients with C3GP.

Material and method: This retrospective observational study was conducted in the Department of Nephrology, Gazi University, Ankara, from 2013 to 2017. All patients with kidney biopsies fulfilling the criteria for C3GP were included in the study.

Results: Twenty-four patients with C3GP (50% male and of middle age - 43 years old) were enrolled in this study. 21% (5/24) patients developed ESRD. Renal biopsy findings such as crescent formation, glomerulo-sclerosis and tubular atrophy were similar in patients with ESRD, when compared to patients who did not develop ESRD. The treatment modalities of the patients were examined in two groups as MMF based and non-MMF based. The difference in the preservation of eGFR did not reach statistical significance between these two groups. The success rate of complete remission was similar between both groups. Serum creatinine levels >2.3 mg/dl at admission and need for renal replacement treatment (RRT) were associated with decreased renal survival.

Conclusion: MMF based or non-MMF based treatments have similar efficacy in C3GP. Serum creatinine level higher than 2.3 mg/dl at the time of diagnosis and need for RRT during admission are a strong predictor of ESRD with high sensitivity and specificity.

Schlüsselwörter

  • C3 glomerulopathy
  • eculizumab
  • end stage renal disease
  • mycophenolate mofetil
Open Access

The Effect of Dialysis Modality and Membrane Performance on Native Immunity in Dialysis Patients

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 25 - 32

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is characterized by immune activation with development of chronic inflammation. However, immune deficiency also exists in CKD patients. The number and the activity of Natural Killer cells (NK-cells) are influenced by the biocompatibility of various dialysis membranes. In this study we investigated the effect of dialysis modality and membrane type on NK-cell number and on phagocytic activity of neutrophils in patients on different dialysis methods.

Sixty patients were included in the study and divided in three groups of 20 patients each. Patients on conventional hemodialysis using Low Flux membrane (cHD-LF) were included in Group I, patients on conventional dialysis using High Flux membrane (cHD-HF) were included in Group II and patients treated by on-line hemodiafiltration with High Flux polysulphone membrane (on-line HDF) were included in Group III. Native immunity was investigated using the number of NK-cells and the phagocytic activity of neutrophils.

NK-cells count was significantly lower (p<0.001) in the three groups of dialyzed patients in comparison to healthy subjects. However, no significant difference was observed in the NK-cells count among patients treated by conventional dialysis using Low or High Flux membrane and patients treated by on-line hemodiafiltration. Similarly, although the phagocytic activity of neutrophils was significantly decreased in all patients on dialysis (p<0.001), no difference related to the dialysis modality or membrane performance was observed. A strong positive correlation was recognized between parathormone blood levels and number of NK-cells (r=0.305, p<0.01).

In conclusion, an impairment of the native immunity represented by NK cell number and phagocytic activity of neutrophils is observed in patients on dialysis. Dialysis modality and membrane performance do not influence the native immunity of dialyzed patients. However, parathormone blood levels are possibly involved in the development of immune system disturbances in such patients.

Schlüsselwörter

  • NK cells
  • phagocytosis
  • immunity
  • dialysis mode
  • membrane performance
  • parathormone
Open Access

Treatment of Acetabular Defects with Porous Metal Augments in Revision Hip Surgery

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 33 - 39

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Porous metal augments have been used successfully for management of large acetabular defects during revision hip arthroplasty. This study analyzes and compares the clinical and radiographic outcomes of porous metal augments in cemented and uncemented acetabular revisions, all performed at the same institution. In the period 2015-2017, 36 patients with 37 large acetabular defects were treated with porous metal augments in cemented and uncemented acetabular revisions. Postoperatively, patients were monitored for two years on average period of 24-36 months.

Acetabular augments were used when preoperative and intraoperative findings indicated the presence of large acetabular defects that can hinder the stability of the revision implants. We used lateral approach, 36 mm femoral head, and cementless or cemented acetabular cup depending on local bone quality. Postoperatively, all patients followed total hip arthroplasty precautions, with weight bearing as tolerated regimen with use of crutches during 6 weeks after surgery. The follow-up was radiological and clinical. We used HHS. At a mean follow-up of two years (range 24-36 months) one patient had reinfection and one patient had infection. None of the patients shown signs of aseptic augment or acetabular cup loosening. Porous metal augments show comparable excellent radiographic and clinical short-term outcomes, when combined with cemented or uncemented cups in revision hip arthroplasty. They allow good bone ingrowth, adequate implant contact and good stability. Complications were related to infection and not related to the augments itself.

Schlüsselwörter

  • porous metal augments
  • acetabular defects
  • revision hip surgery
Open Access

The Eysenck Personality Profile in Selected Groups of Ophthalmological Patients

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 41 - 49

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Personality correlates in patients with eye diseases have bidirectional influence. It is possible that personality variables lead to behaviours that may influence the cause of eye problems, but the opposite is also possible, that eye problems could have a direct effect on personality.

The aim of this study was to evaluate personality traits in patients with glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and cataract using the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire.

Obtained results showed similar personality profiles in patients with glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and cataract. However, extraversion and neuroticism were higher in patients with diabetes, while the psychopathic traits are the highest in the group of cataract.

Age and gender of patients do not influence the scores obtained on the questionnaire confirmed with one way ANOVA. Not significant difference in parameters (tested with Student t-test) was obtained between groups.

It is proposed psychological evaluation to be included in the assessment of more serious eye diseases for helping patients to adjust and adapt to the condition and treatment.

Schlüsselwörter

  • personality traits
  • glaucoma
  • cataract
  • diabetic retinopathy
Open Access

Association of Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome with Bacteremia in Patients with Sepsis

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 51 - 56

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the usability of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and commonly used biochemical parameters as predictors for positive blood culture in patients with sepsis. The study included 313 patients aged ≥18 years with severe sepsis and septic shock consecutively admitted in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the University Clinic for Infectious Diseases in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia. The study took place from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2017. We recorded demographic variables, common laboratory tests, SIRS parameters, site of infection, comorbidities and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score. Blood cultures were positive in 65 (20.8%) patients with sepsis. Gram-positive bacteria were isolated from 35 (53.8%) patients. From the evaluated variables in this study, only the presence of four SIRS parameters was associated with bacteremia, finding that will help to predict bacteremia and initiate early appropriate therapy in septic patients.

Schlüsselwörter

  • bacteremia
  • sepsis
  • severe sepsis
  • septic shock
Open Access

Quality of the Clinical Maternal and Neonatal Healthcare Assessment in a Tertiary Public Maternity Hospital in R. Macedonia

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 57 - 65

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Introduction: Maternal and neonatal infections can be prevented, but they are still common in low and middle-developed countries. There is a connection between childbirth on one hand and postpartum and newborn care on the other. Globally, several efforts are being made to improve quality of childbirth by providing initial assessment of procedures, risk prevention and continuous monitoring of childbirth process and possible complications. The World Health Organization has developed Checklists for Safe Delivery with procedures to be implemented as routine care, in order to promptly detect and manage complications related to childbirth.

Material and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in the University Clinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Skopje, a maternity hospital in R. Macedonia from the tertiary level of the public health care system. In this study 300 obstetric and 307 neonatal histories from childbirths in February and March 2018 have been analyzed. The collected data refers to the care of the prepartum, intrapartum, early postpartum and early neonatal periods.

Results: An initial assessment at admission proved that 14.7% of pregnant women had existing infection, in 93% of them the body temperature was measured and in only 9.3% urine analysis was made, 10.3% of the women had arterial hypertension, and 66.5% of them with hypertension had a headache. In the continuous monitoring and prevention of potential risk, arterial tension was measured in 33% of all mothers. In all women the placenta quality was checked up, as well as vaginal bleeding, application of oxytocin and hemoglobin level before discharge.

Conclusion: The quality and quantity of documented data in the maternity hospital medical histories is high. There were no standard protocols for assessment of pregnant women. Certain procedures are conducted in every woman during childbirth. Standardized procedures are needed to be applied during every childbirth.

Schlüsselwörter

  • delivery
  • risk factors
  • quality
  • prevention
Open Access

Transmission Electron Microscopy: Novel Application of Established Technique in Characterization of Nanoparticles as Drug Delivery Systems

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 67 - 72

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Nanotechnology presents a modern field of science that in the last twenty-five years plays a dominant role in the biomedicine. Different analytical methods are used for evaluation of the physico-chemical properties of nanoparticles including chromatography, electrophoresis, X-ray scattering, spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, zeta potential measurement and microscopy on which this article will focus.

Herein, we present novel application of the long-established TEM technique that is focused on characterization and evaluation of various nanoparticles in development of drug delivery systems.

Transmission electron microscopy images were taken of samples from native nanoparticles, nanoparticles labeled using stannous chloride labeling procedure, inorganic silica nanoparticles loaded with budesonide and native micelles and micelles carrier of anticancer drug camptothecin. In the case of radiolabeled nanoparticles, beside for nanoparticle characterization, TEM technique was used to confirm the stability of the nanoparticles after radiolabeling. Furthermore, the porous structure of hybrid silica particles loaded with budesonide was examined under TEM.

Transmission electron microscopy technique offers exceptional benefits for nanoparticle characterization. Additionally, the necessity of ultrastructural analysis demonstrates the potential of TEM in the field of nanomedicine. Hence, the long-established and well-known TEM has been only partially exploited and offer researchers very detailed images of specimens at microscopic and nano scale.

Schlüsselwörter

  • nanoparticle
  • transmission electron microscopy
  • drug delivery systems
Open Access

Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Campylobacter isolates in the Capital of North Macedonia

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 73 - 80

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Background: Campylobacter infections are typically self-limited, but in cases with severe enteritis, immuno-compromised system and bacteremia, an appropriate antimicrobial treatment is demanding. Our study aim was to determine the isolation rate of Campylobacter among patients with acute enteritis in the capital of North Macedonia and its antimicrobial susceptibility.

Material and methods: A total number of 3820 patients clinically diagnosed as acute enteritis, were included in the study. Stool samples were collected and Campylobacter was isolated and identified by classical microbiological methods. Antimicrobial susceptibility of all isolates to Ceftriaxone, Amoxicillin-clavulonic acid, Erythromycin, Ciprofloxacin, Tetracycline and Gentamicin was determined by disc-diffusion technique. Additionally, minimal inhibitory concentrations of all Campylobacter isolates against erythromycin, ciprofloxacin and tetracycline were determined by Epsilon gradient tests.

Results: Campylobacter species was isolated in 97 patients. Although the mean isolation rate of Campylobacter spp. during the whole study period was 2.53%, a statistically significant increase was detected in 2016 and 2017, in comparison with the data from previous four years of the study. The isolation rate of Campylobacter spp. didn’t reveal statistically significant difference between males and females (p > 0.05). 46.4 % of patients with Campylobacter enteritis were children at the age under 15 years. Forty-three C. jejuni isolates were susceptible to all six antibiotics, but the remaining 44 isolates revealed resistance to at least one antibiotic. C. coli isolates were resistant to 3 antibiotics simultaneously. Two C. coli isolates only, were susceptible to all 6 antibiotics. 40.90% of C. jejuni and 50% of C. coli isolates were resistant to beta-lactams, fluoroquinolones and tetracyclines, simultaneously.

Conclusion: The increase of the isolation rate of Campylobacter from patients with acute enteritis indicates the need for permanent isolation and identification of Campylobacter from every clinically diagnosed patient, as acute enteritis. Erythromicin is the most effective antibiotic for treatment of Campylobacter enteritis in our patients. The high level of Campylobacter resistance to beta-lactams, fluoroquinolones and tetracyclines requires more rational approach in the treatment of Campylobacter enteritis

Schlüsselwörter

  • acute enteritis
  • antimicrobial susceptibility
Open Access

Is Opioid-Free General Anesthesia More Superior for Postoperative Pain Versus Opioid General Anesthesia in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy?

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 81 - 87

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Introduction: Opioid-free anesthesia (OFA) is a new anesthesiological technique, where the giving of opioids (fentanyl) is avoided in the intra- and post-operative period. This leads to reduction in the opioid-related side effects and lower pain scores in the postoperative period.

Materials and methods: In this randomized, single-blind clinical study, 60 patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were enrolled. Half of them (30 patients) received general balanced anesthesia with fentanyl (F group-FG), and the half received opioid-free general anesthesia (OFA group-OFAG). In the post-operative period, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores were followed at rest and when coughing 1 hour, 4 hrs, 8 hrs, 12 and 24 hrs after surgery. Both groups were followed by opioid requirements in the postoperative period.

Results: In the postoperative period, patients in the fentanyl group (FG) have higher pain scores at rest and on coughing in all analyzed timeframes compared to patients from the OFA group, but statistically significant difference was approved 1 and 24 hours after surgery. In the OFA group 24 hours after surgery none of the patients reported pain at rest and when coughing number 7, 8, 9 and 10 according to the VAS pain score. The total opioid requirement in the postoperative period was significantly higher in the fentanyl group (FG) at rest and when coughing, compared to the OFA group.

Conclusion: Opioid-free anesthesia as a part of multimodal analgesia and a new anesthesiology technique is a safe procedure, where opioid-related negative effects in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy are avoided..

Schlüsselwörter

  • opioid-free anesthesia
  • fentanyl
  • laparoscopic cholecystectomy
  • pain
Open Access

Identification of Periopathogenes from Dental Plaque in Periodontal Patients with PCR Technique and Their Association with Composite Interleukin-1 Genotype

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 89 - 97

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Introduction: The present study aimed to assess the presence of main types of microorganisms involved in the aetiopathogenesis of chronic periodontitis with PCR technique and determinates the presence of composite IL-1 genotype and their associations with founded bacteria.

Material and method: The examined group was consisted from 20 subjects with diagnosed chronic periodontitis and 20 healthy control without periodontitis. Clinical parameters like gingival index (GI), plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), periodontal pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment lost (CAL) were determinates. Subgingival dental plaque was collected using a sterilized paper point. We used Parodontose Plus test, reverse hybridization kit, for the detection of periodontal marker bacteria, as well as for the detection of composite Interleukin -1 Genotype

Results: The most present bacterial species detected from subgingival dental plaque was Treponema denticola and Porfiromonas gingivalis which was present in 65% of examined patients. In relation to the presence of positive genotype in patients, there was no significant difference between the test and control group for p> 0.05 (p = 1.00). For χ2=8,17 (p=0,06, p<0,05) there is an association between Prevotella intermedia, and composite genotype.

Between positive genotype and analyzed bacterial species A. actinomycetem comitans for p> 0.05 (p = 1.00), P. gingivalis for p> 0.05 (p = 0.16), T. Forsythia for p> 0.05 (p = 0.20), T. Denticola for p> 0.05 (p = 0.64) no association was found.

Conclusion. This investigations confirmed the strong association of these five examined periopathogenes with periodontitis.

Schlüsselwörter

  • periodontitis
  • periopathogenes
  • composite genotype
Open Access

A Rare Case of Superior Gluteal Artery Pseudo Aneurysm after Blunt Trauma

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 99 - 102

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Prevailing over in rotationally unstable pelvic fractures, acetabular fractures or hip dislocations, superior gluteal artery pseudo aneurysm imperceptibly could be found after blunt force trauma of the pelvic region. We present a case of superior gluteal artery pseudo aneurysm after blunt force trauma that became gradually symptomatic in two months following the prime malevolence. Non-resolving gluteal hematoma presented two months after the incident, disregarding standard treatment methods led the diagnosis to plausible entity of pseudo aneurysm. Standard protocol was followed. CT angiography was indicated and it confirmed the suspected diagnosis. Upon indication a treatment plan was established with correspondent angioembolization of the pathologic substrate. Pseudo aneurism of the superior gluteal artery should be considered as differential diagnosis for unexplained hematomas in the posterior pelvic region following a trauma regardless of its nature.

Schlüsselwörter

  • pseudo aneurysm
  • superior gluteal artery
  • gluteal hematoma
  • blunt force trauma
Open Access

Special Conditions in Venous Thrombembolism – Case Series

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 103 - 111

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Venous thromboembolism (VTE), including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is a preventable cause of in-hospital death, and one of the most prevalent vascular diseases. There is a lack of knowledge with regards to contemporary presentation, management, and outcomes of patients with VTE. Many clinically important subgroups (including the elderly, those with recent bleeding, renal insufficiency, disseminated malignancy or pregnant patients) have been under-represented in randomized clinical trials. We still need information from real life data (as example RIETE). The paper presents case series with VTE in special conditions, including cancer associated thrombosis, malignant homeopathies, as well in high risk population.

Schlüsselwörter

  • venous thromboembolism
  • pulmonary embolism
  • deep vein thrombosis
  • cancer associated thrombosis
  • malignant homeopathies
  • high risk
Open Access

Acute Thyroiditis Associated with Brucellosis: A Case Report

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 113 - 117

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Brucella thyroiditis represents an extremely rare focal form of brucellosis. In this case report we describe a 55 years old male, diagnosed with brucellosis and peripheral arthritis with subsequent development of acute thyroiditis. The symptoms duration consistent with brucellosis started two weeks before establishing the diagnosis. Only a day after diagnosis and initiation of antibrucellar treatment, acute non-suppurative thyroiditis suddenly manifested. Thyroiditis was diagnosed with clinical inspection and confirmed by ultrasound investigation. With the appropriate antibrucellar treatment, complete cure of thyroid affection was reached in ten days and the patient remained well during the follow-up period of two and a half years. In conclusion, in brucellosis endemic regions brucellosis should be included in the diagnostic consideration in patients with acute non-suppurative thyroiditis. Early recognition and adequate treatment of brucella thyroiditis results in favorable outcome.

Schlüsselwörter

  • brucellosis
  • thyroiditis
  • arthritis
  • ultrasound
Open Access

Prof. Aleksandar Josifovich Ignjatovski, Founder and First Director of the Clinic for Internal Medicine and the First Head of the Department of Internal Medicine at the Faculty of Medicine in Skopje, R. Macedonia

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 119 - 131

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Aleksandar J. Ignjatovski was born in the Smolensk Region, Russia, on 18.03.1875. He graduated from the Faculty of Medicine in St. Petersburg in 1899 where he started specialization in internal medicine and continued in Berlin, Heidelberg, Munich and Paris. In 1905 he was elected assistant professor in St. Petersburg, continued as an associate professor in Odessa in 1908 and a full-time professor in 1912 in Warsaw. During the October Revolution, he was the Head of the Internal Clinic in Rostov, and in 1920 he emigrated to Belgrade. In 1922 he was appointed full professor and Director of the First Internal Clinic at the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade, which he established, developed and managed until his retirement in 1946. In 1948 he moved to Skopje as a full professor and first Director of the Internal Clinic at the Faculty of Medicine in Skopje. He studied the pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis and first proved it experimentally, and published a paper in 1908, indicating that it was associated with higher blood cholesterol level. He also dealt with immunobiology and infectious diseases, in particular tuberculosis and tetanus. Prof. A. Ignjatovski was an excellent clinician, teacher and scientist, who published over 80 papers. His most important textbooks are “Clinical Semiotics and Symptomatic Therapy”, in two editions, in Russian (1919) and in Serbian (1929-37), and “The Basics of Internal Propedeutics” in three volumes, published in Skopje in 1952, 1954 and 1963. The work of Prof. A. Ignjatovski, as a leading clinician and a great teacher and scientist, is embedded in the development of internal medicine, and medicine in general, in Russia, Serbia and Macedonia. The bright memorial of the founder and first director of the Internal Medicine Clinic and the first Head of the Department of Internal Medicine at the Faculty of Medicine in Skopje has been permanently incorporated in the history of medicine in R. Macedonia. Prof. A. Ignjatovski died on 18.08.1955.

Schlüsselwörter

  • history of medicine
  • internal medicine
  • arteriosclerosis
  • Aleksandar Ignjatovski
Open Access

Could Serum Sclerostin Help in Early Assessment and Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease – Mineral and Bone Disorder?

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 133 - 134

Zusammenfassung

Open Access

Acad. Prof. Yucel Kanpolat, Distinguished and Internationally Recognized Neurosurgeon and Friend of the Republic of Macedonia

Online veröffentlicht: 11 Oct 2019
Seitenbereich: 135 - 140

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The sad news about the death of Acad. Yucel Kanpolat (September 17, 2016), a famous scholar, a pioneer in the field of neurosurgery, and a friend of the Republic of Macedonia, saddened the members of the Editorial Board of the journal PRILOZI of the Department of Medical Sciences of the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, of which he was a member, as well as the other members of the Academy. Yucel Kanpolat was an international figure, linking Turkey to almost every country in the world. Neurosurgery has lost a very special surgeon, scientist and humanitarian. During the visit to the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts in 2011, we discussed the cooperation between the Turkish Academy of Sciences and the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, which he respected very much, as well as the role of the academies. He delivered a lecture on The Mission of Academia in the Age of Science, PRILOZI, MASA, XXXII, 2, p. 7-10 (2011), which we reprint in addition.

Schlüsselwörter

  • dead
  • neurosurgery
  • mission
  • science

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