Zeszyty czasopisma

Tom 14 (2022): Zeszyt 2 (June 2022)

Tom 14 (2022): Zeszyt 1 (March 2022)

Tom 13 (2021): Zeszyt 4 (December 2021)

Tom 13 (2021): Zeszyt 3 (September 2021)

Tom 13 (2021): Zeszyt 2 (June 2021)
Special Zeszyt: Sparsely populated rural areas

Tom 13 (2021): Zeszyt 1 (March 2021)

Tom 12 (2020): Zeszyt 4 (December 2020)

Tom 12 (2020): Zeszyt 3 (September 2020)
Special Zeszyt: Cultural Tourism and Rural Development

Tom 12 (2020): Zeszyt 2 (June 2020)

Tom 12 (2020): Zeszyt 1 (March 2020)

Tom 11 (2019): Zeszyt 4 (December 2019)
Special Zeszyt: Smart European Village

Tom 11 (2019): Zeszyt 3 (September 2019)

Tom 11 (2019): Zeszyt 2 (June 2019)
Special issue to the Centennial of the Mendel University in Brno

Tom 11 (2019): Zeszyt 1 (March 2019)

Tom 10 (2018): Zeszyt 4 (December 2018)

Tom 10 (2018): Zeszyt 3 (September 2018)

Tom 10 (2018): Zeszyt 2 (June 2018)

Tom 10 (2018): Zeszyt 1 (March 2018)

Tom 9 (2017): Zeszyt 4 (December 2017)

Tom 9 (2017): Zeszyt 3 (September 2017)
Special Zeszyt: Planning in the Rural Space Zeszyt Editors: Antonín Vaishar, Hana Vavrouchová

Tom 9 (2017): Zeszyt 2 (June 2017)

Tom 9 (2017): Zeszyt 1 (March 2017)
Special Zeszyt: Role of Water in the Rural Landscape. Special issue editors: Milada Šťastná, Andreas Panagopoulos, Zbyněk Kulhavý.

Tom 8 (2016): Zeszyt 4 (December 2016)
Special Zeszyt: Small towns as centres of rural areas, Editors: Annett Steinführer, Antonín Vaishar, Jana Zapletalová

Tom 8 (2016): Zeszyt 3 (September 2016)

Tom 8 (2016): Zeszyt 2 (June 2016)
Special issue title: Sustainability of Rural Areas in Practice, Special editors: doc. Ing. Dr. Milada Šťastná, doc. RNDr. Antonín Vaishar, CSc.

Tom 8 (2016): Zeszyt 1 (March 2016)

Tom 7 (2015): Zeszyt 4 (December 2015)

Tom 7 (2015): Zeszyt 3 (September 2015)

Tom 7 (2015): Zeszyt 2 (June 2015)

Tom 7 (2015): Zeszyt 1 (March 2015)

Tom 6 (2014): Zeszyt 4 (December 2014)

Tom 6 (2014): Zeszyt 3 (September 2014)

Tom 6 (2014): Zeszyt 2 (June 2014)

Tom 6 (2014): Zeszyt 1 (March 2014)
Demographic change, Zeszyt Editors: Černič-Mali Barbara, Koch Andreas

Tom 5 (2013): Zeszyt 4 (December 2013)
Farm Tourism across Europe, Zeszyt Editors: Irma Potočnik-Slavič, Serge Schmitz

Tom 5 (2013): Zeszyt 3 (September 2013)

Tom 5 (2013): Zeszyt 2 (June 2013)
Borders and borderlands in Central Europe, Zeszyt Editors: Šťastná Milada, Vaishar Antonín

Tom 5 (2013): Zeszyt 1 (March 2013)

Tom 4 (2012): Zeszyt 4 (October 2012)

Tom 4 (2012): Zeszyt 3 (September 2012)

Tom 4 (2012): Zeszyt 2 (June 2012)
Editors: Alexandra Kruse, Michael Roth and Anu Printsman

Tom 4 (2012): Zeszyt 1 (March 2012)
Editors: John McDonagh and Michael Woods

Tom 3 (2011): Zeszyt 4 (December 2011)

Tom 3 (2011): Zeszyt 3 (September 2011)
Editors: John McDonagh and Michael Woods

Tom 3 (2011): Zeszyt 2 (June 2011)

Tom 3 (2011): Zeszyt 1 (March 2011)

Tom 2 (2010): Zeszyt 4 (December 2010)

Tom 2 (2010): Zeszyt 3 (September 2010)

Tom 2 (2010): Zeszyt 2 (June 2010)

Tom 2 (2010): Zeszyt 1 (March 2010)

Tom 1 (2009): Zeszyt 4 (December 2009)

Tom 1 (2009): Zeszyt 3 (September 2009)

Tom 1 (2009): Zeszyt 2 (June 2009)

Tom 1 (2009): Zeszyt 1 (March 2009)

Informacje o czasopiśmie
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
1803-8417
Pierwsze wydanie
24 Feb 2009
Częstotliwość wydawania
4 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski

Wyszukiwanie

Tom 14 (2022): Zeszyt 2 (June 2022)

Informacje o czasopiśmie
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
1803-8417
Pierwsze wydanie
24 Feb 2009
Częstotliwość wydawania
4 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski

Wyszukiwanie

11 Artykułów

Research articles

Otwarty dostęp

Decentralised Funding Activities of the Leader Local Action Groups of the North Hungarian Region from a Governancepoint of View

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 217 - 231

Abstrakt

Abstract

Our article investigates the utilisation of EU support from the EFARD Axes 3 and 4 in the 2007–2013 period in North Hungary, with a special emphasis on the role of the LEADER local action groups (LAGs) and their forms of governance. A brief study ofthe results of the 2014–2020 period was also included. The distribution of resources was examined by a spatial inequality indicator, the Gini coefficient. Additionally, a questionnaire survey was conducted to explore the level and forms of governance in the case of LAGs. Our research results suggest that the distribution of Axis 3 resources within local action groups shows greater inequality in fewer LAGs. The Axis 4 denotes higher inequality. The level of governance of LAGs is relatively low as it is achieved through strong local leaders. This may explain high spatial inequalities of fund distribution.

Słowa kluczowe

  • LEADER
  • territorial inequality
  • Local Action Group
  • development resources
  • local governance
Otwarty dostęp

Vienna’s South-Eastern Hinterlands: Regional Development in the Austrian-Hungarian Border Area, 1910–2011

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 232 - 257

Abstrakt

Abstract

Formed from the westernmost territories of Hungary, Burgenland became a part of Austria a hundred years ago. The aim of the paper is to answer the question of how Burgenland became integrated into the Austrian society and economy, how its regional inequalities and rural character changed in comparison to the neighbouring Austrian and Hungarian areas, under the influence of Vienna’s major role. The analysis is based on the census data of 1910, 1960/61, 2001 and 2011 and on the mapping of different social and economic indicators. Our data revealed that one hundred years ago, the northern, more prosperous area of Western Hungary was an integral part of the rural hinterland of the imperial capital, Vienna, in stark contrast to the region’s southern periphery. After World War II, however, a steep west-east gradient emerged in the borderland along the Iron Curtain, while the traditional north-south disparity continued to exist on both sides of the new border. During the political transformation in the early 1990s, and even more after Hungary’s EU accession (2004), the former hard border ceased to exist in this region, while Vienna regained its former economic importance and influence. After 1990, the patterns of regional disparities changed rapidly in Hungary, and the western part achieved a leading position within Hungary in every dimension of economic prosperity. In line with this, while the Austrian rural regions in Burgenland and between Vienna and Graz showed remarkable infrastructural progress, Southern Burgenland remained peripheral regarding economic activity.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Burgenland
  • Styria
  • Lower Austria
  • West Hungary
  • spatial disparities
  • rural development
Otwarty dostęp

Emigrating to Depopulated Regions in Mediterranean Europe: Demographic Impact and Choice of Destination in a Case Study in North-East Spain (Aragon)

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 258 - 280

Abstrakt

Abstract

International migration to depopulated areas is a growing field of research; even more so in Spain, one of the European countries most affected by depopulation. This paper analyses, first, the demographic impact of immigration from other countries in Aragon, which has undergone an intense and long process of depopulation throughout most of its territory. Second, we examine the factors that explain the immigrants’ choice of destination. The analysis focuses on the period 2000–2016. The basic territorial units of the analysis are the municipality (NUTS 5) and the county (NUTS 4).

Słowa kluczowe

  • Rural depopulation
  • Rural demography
  • Rural Immigration
  • Aragon
Otwarty dostęp

Transformation of the Rural Settlement Network in the Carpathian Region of Ukraine (1989–2020)

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 281 - 301

Abstrakt

Abstract

The article describes research on the Transformation of the Rural Settlement Network in the Carpathian Region of Ukraine in recent decades. The study area covers the Carpathian region of Ukraine, which has the highest share of rural population in the country. The 1989–2020 period was chosen. Quantitative and qualitative methods of analysis of statistical indicators, deductive and inductive methods, and cartographic method were used. The demographic crisis and economic problems of Ukraine did not stop the most important demographic and settlement processes that began in rural settlements of the Carpathian region during the Soviet period. These processes acquired the special features associated with political transition. Depopulation was greatest in the most urbanized Lviv Oblast, especially in the plains, in peripheral villages, where a critical level of negative demographic change had previously been achieved. However, the disappeared villages are few. Population growth in villages in suburban areas of large cities has not stopped. In sparsely urbanized areas, mostly in Transcarpathia and Precarpathia, a large group of villages that have also not been depopulated has emerged. Their development was facilitated by the availability of recreational and forest resources, border location, state support for mountain villages, and some local factors. The real situation in rural Ukraine is partly obscured by imperfect official statistics. In particular, it is difficult to establish population losses due to labor migration abroad.

Słowa kluczowe

  • rural area
  • Carpathian region
  • network of settlements
  • depopulation
  • suburbanization
  • mountain village
  • border location
Otwarty dostęp

New Players on a Tough Field

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 302 - 327

Abstrakt

Abstract

The pivotal aim of this research is to identify new entrants to mountain farming, their routes into practicing and resulting environmental impacts. Following an actor-network approach, this multi-regional case study was conducted in two remote regions of the Western Austrian Alps and in a bordering Alpine region in South Tyrol (Italy). All data was generated using semi-structured interviews on site and official agricultural statistics.

Both autochthons and foreign newcomers to mountain farming display a great deal of idealism to fulfil their agricultural dreams. Their self-determination and bid for independence from the agricultural industry affects their thinking and decisions on housing, farming and collaborations, resulting in far-reaching social and spatial impacts on the sociocultural landscape. In implementing sustainable and extensive farming practices, new entrants act as role models and thus highlight alternatives beyond the prevailing mountain agricultural regime.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Mountain farming
  • New entrants
  • Newcomers
  • Tyrol
  • Socio-technical-network
  • Eastern Alps
  • Vorarlberg
  • East Tyrol
  • South Tyrol
Otwarty dostęp

Bohemian Switzerland: Long-Term Spatiotemporal Transformations of Tourism Facilities in Rural Peripheries Between the Regulations and Access for All

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 328 - 345

Abstrakt

Abstract

Bohemian Switzerland (České Švýcarsko) is a name that has been associated with the prominent area of sandstone landscapes located in Northern Czechia (Central Europe). Over the last centuries, the development of the area and the locational transformation of tourism facilities has been influenced by multiscalar effects of transforming geopolitical context, economic restructuring, and changing value orientation and expectation toward tourism and nature conservation. In this paper, we use narrative documentary sources to show how these changes affected the capacity, spatial diffusion and variability of tourist facilities and services in the area. In particular, we explore and discuss the ways in which public authorities and other groups of stakeholders attempted to balance the tourism-led local development and rights to public access with nature conservation and sustainable community livelihood.

Słowa kluczowe

  • countryside tourism
  • periphery
  • nature conservation
  • Bohemian Switzerland
  • Czechia
Otwarty dostęp

Is Visitor Satisfaction High Enough? A Case of Rural Tourism Destination, South Bohemia

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 346 - 362

Abstrakt

Abstract

Satisfaction of visitors in tourism destinations is one of the most discussed topics in destination management and marketing. Many destinations report high satisfaction of their visitors. The objective of this study is to analyze overall satisfaction and satisfaction components in eleven tourism areas within South Bohemia, a typical Czech rural region, and to define the high level of satisfaction using benchmarking as a methodological approach. Using ANOVA and Pearson’s correlation, we identified the high level of satisfaction following the against-the-best benchmarking and the against-the-industry average approach. The results also show that perceived atmosphere in a destination, willingness to help and friendliness are the most significant components correlating with overall satisfaction.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Benchmarking
  • Czech Republic
  • Rural Area
  • South Bohemia
  • Tourism Destination
  • Visitor Satisfaction
Otwarty dostęp

Analysis of Specialisation and Management in Italian Farms Through a Partial Least Square-Structural Equation Modelling Approach

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 363 - 378

Abstrakt

Abstract

Using Italian data published by the Farm Accountancy Data Network, this study investigates whether certain variables such as labour, assets, crops, cost, and financial subsides allocated through the Common Agricultural Policy are able to act on the management and on the productive specialisation of Italian farms, and focuses on assessing the main relationships that exist between these variables and the items correlated to them in 8 main types of farming for the period 2004–2019. The results have revealed that while the type of farming practiced has had an influence on farm management, the impact of financial subsides allocated through the CAP has differed. This research fills a gap in the literature by investigating the main relationships that exist between farm specialisation and farm management through the PLSSEM. that enables the identification of which variables have the greatest influence on the management of Italian farms.

Słowa kluczowe

  • PLS-SEM
  • CAP
  • Second pillar
  • FADN
  • crop specialisation
Otwarty dostęp

Producer Organisations in an Export-Oriented Value Chain: What Motivates Small-Scale Farmers in Kosovo to Collaborate?

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 379 - 396

Abstrakt

Abstract

Producer organisations bear great potential to link small-scale farmers to markets. In post-communist economies, historically negative attitudes towards cooperatives are blamed as barriers to collaboration, but little is known about the broader range of motives to (not) cooperate. We use a structural equation model to analyse cooperation intentions in Kosovo’s emerging export-oriented raspberry sector. In this context, negative images surrounding cooperation seem to belong to the past. Widespread positive attitudes towards joining producer organisations were driven by the wish to facilitate farm commercialisation. The most substantial influence on cooperation intentions came from the norms passed on by the family and farm advisory services. Yet, results beyond the econometric model show that a lack of information and knowledge and lack of institutional trust, mainly doubts about the feasibility of producer organisations, could hinder their spread and success.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Kosovo
  • agricultural cooperatives
  • producer organisations
  • export-oriented value chain
  • raspberry production
  • smallholders
  • structural equation modelling
Otwarty dostęp

Spatial Trends of Grassland Changes Based on Hungarian Local Studies After 1990 with a Macro-Regional Perspective

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 397 - 419

Abstrakt

Abstract

Grasslands contribute to the ecological diversity of our cultural landscapes. In the last centuries, the most important trend was a constant loss of this valuable asset due to urbanization and the intensification of cultivation. Studies focusing on grasslands are not so abundant, and especially analyses on the spatial trends of grasslands in Eastern-Central Europe are scarce. Focusing on Hungarian local studies, we analyze our results from a macro-regional perspective, with a draft study of the V4 countries (Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland). The authors employed GIS and statistical methods to analyze data to explore trends of changes of grasslands in V4 countries, Hungary, and in three micro-regions of different landscape character. These include an open landscape, partly intensively cultivated (micro-region of Csorna), and two more diverse landscapes with different proportion of forests (micro-regions of Gönc and Veszprém). Our results show that very complex, sometimes opposite processes influence the area of grasslands. In spite of the fact that an increase in the area of grasslands is witnessed at both the national and the international level in absolute values, recently, unfavorable processes have started, and there are certain landscapes where grasslands are threatened especially natural grassland by forestation and grasslands where soil conditions are suitable for crop production. Our results showed that despite the different landscape conditions, the majority of grassland has been turned into arable land and into shrubs and forest area. The loss of pastures due to urban sprawl is a dominant process just around the built-up area of city of Veszprém in the most urbanized study area.

Słowa kluczowe

  • grassland changes
  • spatial analysis
  • Central and Eastern Europe
  • Hungary

Short communication

Otwarty dostęp

Rural Areas in Poland – Changes Since Joining the European Union

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 420 - 438

Abstrakt

Abstract

Rural areas are experiencing a dynamic, multidirectional change. It is the result of impact of many processes, including rapid, often spontaneous urbanisation and structural transformation in the agricultural sector and temporary and permanent movements of the population. Changes in the spatial structures of the countryside, on the one hand, influenced by European programmes and measures, linked to the processes of modernisation and organisation of rural settlements and economic systems. On the other hand, rapid economic development and spontaneous investment are resulting in the expansion of the urban forms of land use – not only in the immediate surroundings of the cities and towns, but also in remote, peripheral areas dominated until recently by farming. The paper presents the genesis of contemporary land use in rural areas in Poland, linking the countryside structures with the intensity and forms of residency and user economies in the rural areas. The main drivers of change, significantly affecting the emerging forms of farming villages, are processes of intensive suburbanisation and semi-urbanisation, the phenomenon of progressive peripherisation of large areas in different parts of the country, the depopulation of the countryside and profound changes in the demographic structure of the population, improvement of infrastructure and transport accessibility and economic revival of villages. There are also important issues related to advantages such as natural and cultural values of the village. The aim of the article is to present the main directions of functional and spatial transformations of rural areas in Poland from the beginning of the 21st century. The main hypothesis is that the development of rural areas in Poland proceeds in two directions: Urban “colonization”, which involves the invasion of both single- and multi-family housing in the surroundings of traditional villages and in areas previously used for agricultural purposes, is becoming increasingly widespread; this follows restructuring and diversification (spatial and functional) in urbanized rural areas. Much indicates that the rational development and use of rural areas will be one of the main challenges of Poland in the near future.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Rural areas
  • Poland
  • rural development
  • rural – urban linkages
  • spontaneous urbanisation
11 Artykułów

Research articles

Otwarty dostęp

Decentralised Funding Activities of the Leader Local Action Groups of the North Hungarian Region from a Governancepoint of View

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 217 - 231

Abstrakt

Abstract

Our article investigates the utilisation of EU support from the EFARD Axes 3 and 4 in the 2007–2013 period in North Hungary, with a special emphasis on the role of the LEADER local action groups (LAGs) and their forms of governance. A brief study ofthe results of the 2014–2020 period was also included. The distribution of resources was examined by a spatial inequality indicator, the Gini coefficient. Additionally, a questionnaire survey was conducted to explore the level and forms of governance in the case of LAGs. Our research results suggest that the distribution of Axis 3 resources within local action groups shows greater inequality in fewer LAGs. The Axis 4 denotes higher inequality. The level of governance of LAGs is relatively low as it is achieved through strong local leaders. This may explain high spatial inequalities of fund distribution.

Słowa kluczowe

  • LEADER
  • territorial inequality
  • Local Action Group
  • development resources
  • local governance
Otwarty dostęp

Vienna’s South-Eastern Hinterlands: Regional Development in the Austrian-Hungarian Border Area, 1910–2011

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 232 - 257

Abstrakt

Abstract

Formed from the westernmost territories of Hungary, Burgenland became a part of Austria a hundred years ago. The aim of the paper is to answer the question of how Burgenland became integrated into the Austrian society and economy, how its regional inequalities and rural character changed in comparison to the neighbouring Austrian and Hungarian areas, under the influence of Vienna’s major role. The analysis is based on the census data of 1910, 1960/61, 2001 and 2011 and on the mapping of different social and economic indicators. Our data revealed that one hundred years ago, the northern, more prosperous area of Western Hungary was an integral part of the rural hinterland of the imperial capital, Vienna, in stark contrast to the region’s southern periphery. After World War II, however, a steep west-east gradient emerged in the borderland along the Iron Curtain, while the traditional north-south disparity continued to exist on both sides of the new border. During the political transformation in the early 1990s, and even more after Hungary’s EU accession (2004), the former hard border ceased to exist in this region, while Vienna regained its former economic importance and influence. After 1990, the patterns of regional disparities changed rapidly in Hungary, and the western part achieved a leading position within Hungary in every dimension of economic prosperity. In line with this, while the Austrian rural regions in Burgenland and between Vienna and Graz showed remarkable infrastructural progress, Southern Burgenland remained peripheral regarding economic activity.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Burgenland
  • Styria
  • Lower Austria
  • West Hungary
  • spatial disparities
  • rural development
Otwarty dostęp

Emigrating to Depopulated Regions in Mediterranean Europe: Demographic Impact and Choice of Destination in a Case Study in North-East Spain (Aragon)

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 258 - 280

Abstrakt

Abstract

International migration to depopulated areas is a growing field of research; even more so in Spain, one of the European countries most affected by depopulation. This paper analyses, first, the demographic impact of immigration from other countries in Aragon, which has undergone an intense and long process of depopulation throughout most of its territory. Second, we examine the factors that explain the immigrants’ choice of destination. The analysis focuses on the period 2000–2016. The basic territorial units of the analysis are the municipality (NUTS 5) and the county (NUTS 4).

Słowa kluczowe

  • Rural depopulation
  • Rural demography
  • Rural Immigration
  • Aragon
Otwarty dostęp

Transformation of the Rural Settlement Network in the Carpathian Region of Ukraine (1989–2020)

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 281 - 301

Abstrakt

Abstract

The article describes research on the Transformation of the Rural Settlement Network in the Carpathian Region of Ukraine in recent decades. The study area covers the Carpathian region of Ukraine, which has the highest share of rural population in the country. The 1989–2020 period was chosen. Quantitative and qualitative methods of analysis of statistical indicators, deductive and inductive methods, and cartographic method were used. The demographic crisis and economic problems of Ukraine did not stop the most important demographic and settlement processes that began in rural settlements of the Carpathian region during the Soviet period. These processes acquired the special features associated with political transition. Depopulation was greatest in the most urbanized Lviv Oblast, especially in the plains, in peripheral villages, where a critical level of negative demographic change had previously been achieved. However, the disappeared villages are few. Population growth in villages in suburban areas of large cities has not stopped. In sparsely urbanized areas, mostly in Transcarpathia and Precarpathia, a large group of villages that have also not been depopulated has emerged. Their development was facilitated by the availability of recreational and forest resources, border location, state support for mountain villages, and some local factors. The real situation in rural Ukraine is partly obscured by imperfect official statistics. In particular, it is difficult to establish population losses due to labor migration abroad.

Słowa kluczowe

  • rural area
  • Carpathian region
  • network of settlements
  • depopulation
  • suburbanization
  • mountain village
  • border location
Otwarty dostęp

New Players on a Tough Field

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 302 - 327

Abstrakt

Abstract

The pivotal aim of this research is to identify new entrants to mountain farming, their routes into practicing and resulting environmental impacts. Following an actor-network approach, this multi-regional case study was conducted in two remote regions of the Western Austrian Alps and in a bordering Alpine region in South Tyrol (Italy). All data was generated using semi-structured interviews on site and official agricultural statistics.

Both autochthons and foreign newcomers to mountain farming display a great deal of idealism to fulfil their agricultural dreams. Their self-determination and bid for independence from the agricultural industry affects their thinking and decisions on housing, farming and collaborations, resulting in far-reaching social and spatial impacts on the sociocultural landscape. In implementing sustainable and extensive farming practices, new entrants act as role models and thus highlight alternatives beyond the prevailing mountain agricultural regime.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Mountain farming
  • New entrants
  • Newcomers
  • Tyrol
  • Socio-technical-network
  • Eastern Alps
  • Vorarlberg
  • East Tyrol
  • South Tyrol
Otwarty dostęp

Bohemian Switzerland: Long-Term Spatiotemporal Transformations of Tourism Facilities in Rural Peripheries Between the Regulations and Access for All

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 328 - 345

Abstrakt

Abstract

Bohemian Switzerland (České Švýcarsko) is a name that has been associated with the prominent area of sandstone landscapes located in Northern Czechia (Central Europe). Over the last centuries, the development of the area and the locational transformation of tourism facilities has been influenced by multiscalar effects of transforming geopolitical context, economic restructuring, and changing value orientation and expectation toward tourism and nature conservation. In this paper, we use narrative documentary sources to show how these changes affected the capacity, spatial diffusion and variability of tourist facilities and services in the area. In particular, we explore and discuss the ways in which public authorities and other groups of stakeholders attempted to balance the tourism-led local development and rights to public access with nature conservation and sustainable community livelihood.

Słowa kluczowe

  • countryside tourism
  • periphery
  • nature conservation
  • Bohemian Switzerland
  • Czechia
Otwarty dostęp

Is Visitor Satisfaction High Enough? A Case of Rural Tourism Destination, South Bohemia

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 346 - 362

Abstrakt

Abstract

Satisfaction of visitors in tourism destinations is one of the most discussed topics in destination management and marketing. Many destinations report high satisfaction of their visitors. The objective of this study is to analyze overall satisfaction and satisfaction components in eleven tourism areas within South Bohemia, a typical Czech rural region, and to define the high level of satisfaction using benchmarking as a methodological approach. Using ANOVA and Pearson’s correlation, we identified the high level of satisfaction following the against-the-best benchmarking and the against-the-industry average approach. The results also show that perceived atmosphere in a destination, willingness to help and friendliness are the most significant components correlating with overall satisfaction.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Benchmarking
  • Czech Republic
  • Rural Area
  • South Bohemia
  • Tourism Destination
  • Visitor Satisfaction
Otwarty dostęp

Analysis of Specialisation and Management in Italian Farms Through a Partial Least Square-Structural Equation Modelling Approach

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 363 - 378

Abstrakt

Abstract

Using Italian data published by the Farm Accountancy Data Network, this study investigates whether certain variables such as labour, assets, crops, cost, and financial subsides allocated through the Common Agricultural Policy are able to act on the management and on the productive specialisation of Italian farms, and focuses on assessing the main relationships that exist between these variables and the items correlated to them in 8 main types of farming for the period 2004–2019. The results have revealed that while the type of farming practiced has had an influence on farm management, the impact of financial subsides allocated through the CAP has differed. This research fills a gap in the literature by investigating the main relationships that exist between farm specialisation and farm management through the PLSSEM. that enables the identification of which variables have the greatest influence on the management of Italian farms.

Słowa kluczowe

  • PLS-SEM
  • CAP
  • Second pillar
  • FADN
  • crop specialisation
Otwarty dostęp

Producer Organisations in an Export-Oriented Value Chain: What Motivates Small-Scale Farmers in Kosovo to Collaborate?

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 379 - 396

Abstrakt

Abstract

Producer organisations bear great potential to link small-scale farmers to markets. In post-communist economies, historically negative attitudes towards cooperatives are blamed as barriers to collaboration, but little is known about the broader range of motives to (not) cooperate. We use a structural equation model to analyse cooperation intentions in Kosovo’s emerging export-oriented raspberry sector. In this context, negative images surrounding cooperation seem to belong to the past. Widespread positive attitudes towards joining producer organisations were driven by the wish to facilitate farm commercialisation. The most substantial influence on cooperation intentions came from the norms passed on by the family and farm advisory services. Yet, results beyond the econometric model show that a lack of information and knowledge and lack of institutional trust, mainly doubts about the feasibility of producer organisations, could hinder their spread and success.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Kosovo
  • agricultural cooperatives
  • producer organisations
  • export-oriented value chain
  • raspberry production
  • smallholders
  • structural equation modelling
Otwarty dostęp

Spatial Trends of Grassland Changes Based on Hungarian Local Studies After 1990 with a Macro-Regional Perspective

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 397 - 419

Abstrakt

Abstract

Grasslands contribute to the ecological diversity of our cultural landscapes. In the last centuries, the most important trend was a constant loss of this valuable asset due to urbanization and the intensification of cultivation. Studies focusing on grasslands are not so abundant, and especially analyses on the spatial trends of grasslands in Eastern-Central Europe are scarce. Focusing on Hungarian local studies, we analyze our results from a macro-regional perspective, with a draft study of the V4 countries (Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland). The authors employed GIS and statistical methods to analyze data to explore trends of changes of grasslands in V4 countries, Hungary, and in three micro-regions of different landscape character. These include an open landscape, partly intensively cultivated (micro-region of Csorna), and two more diverse landscapes with different proportion of forests (micro-regions of Gönc and Veszprém). Our results show that very complex, sometimes opposite processes influence the area of grasslands. In spite of the fact that an increase in the area of grasslands is witnessed at both the national and the international level in absolute values, recently, unfavorable processes have started, and there are certain landscapes where grasslands are threatened especially natural grassland by forestation and grasslands where soil conditions are suitable for crop production. Our results showed that despite the different landscape conditions, the majority of grassland has been turned into arable land and into shrubs and forest area. The loss of pastures due to urban sprawl is a dominant process just around the built-up area of city of Veszprém in the most urbanized study area.

Słowa kluczowe

  • grassland changes
  • spatial analysis
  • Central and Eastern Europe
  • Hungary

Short communication

Otwarty dostęp

Rural Areas in Poland – Changes Since Joining the European Union

Data publikacji: 11 Jul 2022
Zakres stron: 420 - 438

Abstrakt

Abstract

Rural areas are experiencing a dynamic, multidirectional change. It is the result of impact of many processes, including rapid, often spontaneous urbanisation and structural transformation in the agricultural sector and temporary and permanent movements of the population. Changes in the spatial structures of the countryside, on the one hand, influenced by European programmes and measures, linked to the processes of modernisation and organisation of rural settlements and economic systems. On the other hand, rapid economic development and spontaneous investment are resulting in the expansion of the urban forms of land use – not only in the immediate surroundings of the cities and towns, but also in remote, peripheral areas dominated until recently by farming. The paper presents the genesis of contemporary land use in rural areas in Poland, linking the countryside structures with the intensity and forms of residency and user economies in the rural areas. The main drivers of change, significantly affecting the emerging forms of farming villages, are processes of intensive suburbanisation and semi-urbanisation, the phenomenon of progressive peripherisation of large areas in different parts of the country, the depopulation of the countryside and profound changes in the demographic structure of the population, improvement of infrastructure and transport accessibility and economic revival of villages. There are also important issues related to advantages such as natural and cultural values of the village. The aim of the article is to present the main directions of functional and spatial transformations of rural areas in Poland from the beginning of the 21st century. The main hypothesis is that the development of rural areas in Poland proceeds in two directions: Urban “colonization”, which involves the invasion of both single- and multi-family housing in the surroundings of traditional villages and in areas previously used for agricultural purposes, is becoming increasingly widespread; this follows restructuring and diversification (spatial and functional) in urbanized rural areas. Much indicates that the rational development and use of rural areas will be one of the main challenges of Poland in the near future.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Rural areas
  • Poland
  • rural development
  • rural – urban linkages
  • spontaneous urbanisation

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