Zeszyty czasopisma

Tom 14 (2022): Zeszyt 3 (September 2022)
Special Zeszyt: Social Farming

Tom 14 (2022): Zeszyt 2 (June 2022)

Tom 14 (2022): Zeszyt 1 (March 2022)

Tom 13 (2021): Zeszyt 4 (December 2021)

Tom 13 (2021): Zeszyt 3 (September 2021)

Tom 13 (2021): Zeszyt 2 (June 2021)
Special Zeszyt: Sparsely populated rural areas

Tom 13 (2021): Zeszyt 1 (March 2021)

Tom 12 (2020): Zeszyt 4 (December 2020)

Tom 12 (2020): Zeszyt 3 (September 2020)
Special Zeszyt: Cultural Tourism and Rural Development

Tom 12 (2020): Zeszyt 2 (June 2020)

Tom 12 (2020): Zeszyt 1 (March 2020)

Tom 11 (2019): Zeszyt 4 (December 2019)
Special Zeszyt: Smart European Village

Tom 11 (2019): Zeszyt 3 (September 2019)

Tom 11 (2019): Zeszyt 2 (June 2019)
Special issue to the Centennial of the Mendel University in Brno

Tom 11 (2019): Zeszyt 1 (March 2019)

Tom 10 (2018): Zeszyt 4 (December 2018)

Tom 10 (2018): Zeszyt 3 (September 2018)

Tom 10 (2018): Zeszyt 2 (June 2018)

Tom 10 (2018): Zeszyt 1 (March 2018)

Tom 9 (2017): Zeszyt 4 (December 2017)

Tom 9 (2017): Zeszyt 3 (September 2017)
Special Zeszyt: Planning in the Rural Space Zeszyt Editors: Antonín Vaishar, Hana Vavrouchová

Tom 9 (2017): Zeszyt 2 (June 2017)

Tom 9 (2017): Zeszyt 1 (March 2017)
Special Zeszyt: Role of Water in the Rural Landscape. Special issue editors: Milada Šťastná, Andreas Panagopoulos, Zbyněk Kulhavý.

Tom 8 (2016): Zeszyt 4 (December 2016)
Special Zeszyt: Small towns as centres of rural areas, Editors: Annett Steinführer, Antonín Vaishar, Jana Zapletalová

Tom 8 (2016): Zeszyt 3 (September 2016)

Tom 8 (2016): Zeszyt 2 (June 2016)
Special issue title: Sustainability of Rural Areas in Practice, Special editors: doc. Ing. Dr. Milada Šťastná, doc. RNDr. Antonín Vaishar, CSc.

Tom 8 (2016): Zeszyt 1 (March 2016)

Tom 7 (2015): Zeszyt 4 (December 2015)

Tom 7 (2015): Zeszyt 3 (September 2015)

Tom 7 (2015): Zeszyt 2 (June 2015)

Tom 7 (2015): Zeszyt 1 (March 2015)

Tom 6 (2014): Zeszyt 4 (December 2014)

Tom 6 (2014): Zeszyt 3 (September 2014)

Tom 6 (2014): Zeszyt 2 (June 2014)

Tom 6 (2014): Zeszyt 1 (March 2014)
Demographic change, Zeszyt Editors: Černič-Mali Barbara, Koch Andreas

Tom 5 (2013): Zeszyt 4 (December 2013)
Farm Tourism across Europe, Zeszyt Editors: Irma Potočnik-Slavič, Serge Schmitz

Tom 5 (2013): Zeszyt 3 (September 2013)

Tom 5 (2013): Zeszyt 2 (June 2013)
Borders and borderlands in Central Europe, Zeszyt Editors: Šťastná Milada, Vaishar Antonín

Tom 5 (2013): Zeszyt 1 (March 2013)

Tom 4 (2012): Zeszyt 4 (October 2012)

Tom 4 (2012): Zeszyt 3 (September 2012)

Tom 4 (2012): Zeszyt 2 (June 2012)
Editors: Alexandra Kruse, Michael Roth and Anu Printsman

Tom 4 (2012): Zeszyt 1 (March 2012)
Editors: John McDonagh and Michael Woods

Tom 3 (2011): Zeszyt 4 (December 2011)

Tom 3 (2011): Zeszyt 3 (September 2011)
Editors: John McDonagh and Michael Woods

Tom 3 (2011): Zeszyt 2 (June 2011)

Tom 3 (2011): Zeszyt 1 (March 2011)

Tom 2 (2010): Zeszyt 4 (December 2010)

Tom 2 (2010): Zeszyt 3 (September 2010)

Tom 2 (2010): Zeszyt 2 (June 2010)

Tom 2 (2010): Zeszyt 1 (March 2010)

Tom 1 (2009): Zeszyt 4 (December 2009)

Tom 1 (2009): Zeszyt 3 (September 2009)

Tom 1 (2009): Zeszyt 2 (June 2009)

Tom 1 (2009): Zeszyt 1 (March 2009)

Informacje o czasopiśmie
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
1803-8417
Pierwsze wydanie
24 Feb 2009
Częstotliwość wydawania
4 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski

Wyszukiwanie

Tom 10 (2018): Zeszyt 1 (March 2018)

Informacje o czasopiśmie
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
1803-8417
Pierwsze wydanie
24 Feb 2009
Częstotliwość wydawania
4 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski

Wyszukiwanie

10 Artykułów
Otwarty dostęp

Water Retention in a Small Agricultural Catchment and its Potential Improvement by Design of Water Reservoirs – A Case Study of the Bílý Potok Catchment (Czechia)

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 1 - 22

Abstrakt

Abstract

Water retention in the landscape is discussed in the context of conservation and improvement of both its productive and non-productive functions. We analysed the retention potential of a small agricultural catchment associated with the Bílý potok brook, investigating the possibility to improve its retention capacity and slow down the surface runoff, thus increasing the underground water resources. Method of curve numbers was used for that purposes. From results, it emerged that present maximum water retention in the Bílý potok catchment is 96.2 mm. It could increase by 101.3 mm in case of grassing about 20% arable land threatened by soil erosion. As next possibility to retain water from precipitations in landscape, capacity and transformation effect of reservoirs designed in master plans was analysed. The latest programming tools working in the GIS environment were used to assess the retention capacity of both the catchment surface and the reservoirs. Analysing master plans in the catchment, it was found that 16 designed water reservoirs (from 31) have a good potential to intercept water and transform flood discharges. In the result, priority for building of reservoirs was recommended according to their pertinence and efficiency in the studied catchment. Presented complex approach can be widely implemented, especially for better effectivity and cohesion of landscape planning and land consolidations processes.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Retention reservoirs
  • land development plan
  • water retention
  • drought
  • floods
Otwarty dostęp

How Can Sweden Deal with Forest Management and Municipal Planning in the System of Ongoing Land-Use and Multilevel Planning?

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 23 - 37

Abstrakt

Abstract

This article studies the relation between territorial and functional planning by investigating the Swedish local comprehensive planning system and the forest management. The former is locally based and the latter is functionally based or sector-orientated. By interviewing planners from the County Administrative Boards responsible for monitoring the national interests in the Swedish municipalities and forest managers from the Regional Forest Agency Administration, we found out that forest- and municipality related issues that coincide or interact with each other is normally considered in the collaborative planning process based on consultations and cooperation between the involved stakeholders. Weaknesses in the collaborative planning system consists of lack of coordination between the involved legal frameworks as well as lack of local planning resources and in some cases competences.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Municipal planning
  • forest management
  • collaborative planning
  • multilevel governance
Otwarty dostęp

Being Excellent Entrepreneurs in Highly Marginal Areas: The Case of the Agri-Food Sector in the Province of Reggio Calabria

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 38 - 57

Abstrakt

Abstract

The paper presents and discusses the findings of a field research study undertaken in a rural area in the province of Reggio Calabria, in Southern Italy, focused on firms belonging to the agri-food sector, in particular, on the excellent firms. Its objective is to point out how, even in rural and extremely marginal areas, and in unfavourable socio-economic and institutional contexts, it is possible that excellent firms were born and grew, and that they became competitive at the national and global scale. The paper therefore analyses these entrepreneurial case studies in-depth, using a methodologically mixed approach: on the one hand, focusing on their economic performance (quantitative analysis), and, on the other hand, investigating their strategy by means of direct open interviews. The paper concludes by providing “lessons” useful to understand how firms can not only survive, but also can be competitive and expand their business, even if they are located in extremely unfavourable peripheral contexts. This can be achieved by exploiting the strengths of these territories, which, even if few, they do not lack.

Słowa kluczowe

  • competitiveness
  • entrepreneurship
  • excellence
  • marginal areas
  • agri-food sector
  • peripheral areas
  • locational disadvantages
Otwarty dostęp

A Non-Parametric Analysis of Technical Efficiency in Bulgarian Farms Using the Fadn Dataset

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 58 - 73

Abstrakt

Abstract

The Bulgarian countryside has suffered a significant phenomenon of rural emigration since the early 1970s. The main consequence of rural depopulation has been a decline of investments in Bulgarian farms and in their own level of technical and economic efficiency. The aim of this research was to assess afterwards the enlargement of the European Union in 2007, the technical efficiency by a non-parametric approach such as the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), using some findings and variables investigated in the Farm Accountancy Data Network annual survey from 2007 till 2015. Farms have been stratified into functions of their typology of farming and their geographical localization. Research findings have pointed out that specialized farms as dairy farms and granivores ones have had the highest levels of technical efficiency compared to mixed farms and wine farms. To sum up, financial subsidies allocated by the Common Agricultural Policy have had a positive impact towards farmers, both increasing the technical efficiency and also in reducing the socio-economic marginalization of Bulgarian rural areas.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Common Agricultural Policy
  • typology of farming
  • rural areas
  • emigration
  • Data Envelopment Analysis
Otwarty dostęp

Examining the Renewable Energy Investments in Hungarian Rural Settlements: The Gained Local Benefits and the Aspects of Local Community Involvement

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 74 - 88

Abstrakt

Abstract

The results of the paper are based on a research project which examines the renewable energy investments carried out in Hungarian rural settlements. The study will focus on the municipality-led renewable energy developments, determining the most important local benefits and the aspects of the local community involvement. Altogether 748 rural settlements have been identified, which have implemented at least one renewable energy project through the Environmental and Energy Operative Program between 2007 and 2013. A questionnaire has been sent out to these municipalities, and 159 full answers have been collected and analysed. We have investigated the importance and presence of local benefits deriving from renewable energy investments, and examined what effort is put into the information and involvement of the local community. The study concludes that although several local benefits occur at local level while implementing renewable energy projects, the effect of direct benefits remain at a low level. Furthermore, it can also be stated, that only moderate effort is put into the issue of local community involvement. The study also determines several major threats that can endanger the successfulness of the previous investments, and prevent the further renewable energy developments at local level.

Słowa kluczowe

  • renewable energy utilization
  • rural development
  • local benefits
  • community involvement
Otwarty dostęp

Specialities in the Institutionalisation of Hungarian Leader Local Action Groups

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 89 - 106

Abstrakt

Abstract

LEADER local action groups (LAGs) have become an integral part of the European rural landscape. Our article examines how LEADER groups operate in Hungary by analysing their territorial, symbolic and institutional shape, and the established role of LAGs in Hungary. The results reveal an irregular territorial shape combined with uncertain symbolic form. The institutional constellation is significantly influenced by the size of the member municipalities. Action groups integrating smaller local authorities must involve more NGOs and enterprises to fulfil participatory regulations. Local bureaux are small and their functions are not differentiated according to the state of development. Although Hungarian LAGs, in a European comparison, have many levels of tasks their level of governance is relatively low.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Rural development
  • LEADER approach
  • governance
  • institutionalisation
Otwarty dostęp

Interpretations of Innovation in Rural Development. The Cases of Leader Projects in Lecce (Italy) and Granada (Spain) in 2007–2013 Period

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 107 - 126

Abstrakt

Abstract

In the Leader approach, innovation plays a key role in European territories, especially in marginal and peripheral ones, being essentially assumed, from a programmatic point of view, as social innovation. This paper aims to understand the interpretation and the declination of innovation in the practice of Leader initiative at local scale and analyze contextual factors related to its implementation in two southern provinces of Spain and Italy (Granada and Lecce). The study aims to analyze the projects reported as innovative by the leaders of the Local Action Groups, starting from the literature and using a key Community document entitled “Extended report on preserving the innovative character of LEADER”. Lastly, the study reveals common significant problems linked to local awareness of the role of social innovation, as well as the absence or limitations of key institutions.

Słowa kluczowe

  • social innovation
  • rural development
  • LEADER approach
  • rural areas
  • marginal areas
Otwarty dostęp

Differentiation and Typology of the Moravian Countryside

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 127 - 140

Abstrakt

Abstract

The authors argue that differentiation of various types of countryside is more important than to look for the definition of the rural against the urban. The paper is aimed at a typology of the Moravian countryside. Based on multifunctional (both hard and soft) data, Moravian micro-regions were divided into four categories – progressive, deficit and suburban countryside and predominantly urban micro-regions. Each of the categories has its own characteristics, threats, and needs. The authors stress that the approach of regional politics and both European and national subsidies have to take into account different categories of rural micro-regions. However, particular decisions have to be made in the intersection of the lowest regional level and the bottom-up approach expressed by community lead local development.

Słowa kluczowe

  • countryside
  • rural typology
  • Moravia
Otwarty dostęp

Identity Changes in the Slovenian and Friulian Linguistic Communities in the Province of Udine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 141 - 157

Abstrakt

Abstract

The paper discusses the intertwined relationship between identity construction, language practices and language ideologies of Slovenes and Friulians in the Province of Udine, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy. We are dealing with two indigenous linguistic minorities whose native language was historically restricted to the private sphere of life. However, due to altered social conditions of decentralization and globalization, the ever-increasing use of these languages outside private sphere has been noticed. The phenomenon will be illuminated by the statements of the members of both linguistic minorities. The final part of the paper will present the reawakening of a dying culture and language of the village of Topolove through an art festival, called Postaja Topolove/Stazione Topolò, whose basic concept is to avoid folklorism and create the most advanced artwork search.

Słowa kluczowe

  • minority language
  • identity
  • Province of Udine
  • Slovenes
  • Friulians
Otwarty dostęp

Between Smallholder Traditions and “Ecological Modernisation” – Agricultural Transformation, Landscape Change and the Cap in Austria 1995–2015

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 158 - 179

Abstrakt

Abstract

The paper explores transformations in agriculture during the period 1995–2015 and shows their impact on rural landscapes in the case of Austria. When Austria joined the European Union in 1995, this meant a minor gash in agricultural politics, from broad support of smallholder agriculture to a programme of modernisation and rationalisation. Austrian politicians defined this shift as a process of “ecological modernisation” (Fischler et al. 1994), incorporating agri-environmental schemes as instruments and modifying existing programmes of direct payments. The survey forms the groundwork for a discussion on landscape effects of the CAP as an “ecological” modernisation programme and possible impact of the CAP-reform 2020.

Słowa kluczowe

  • European Common Agricultural Policy
  • cultural landscape
  • agriculture
  • agri-environmental schemes
  • landscape policy
10 Artykułów
Otwarty dostęp

Water Retention in a Small Agricultural Catchment and its Potential Improvement by Design of Water Reservoirs – A Case Study of the Bílý Potok Catchment (Czechia)

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 1 - 22

Abstrakt

Abstract

Water retention in the landscape is discussed in the context of conservation and improvement of both its productive and non-productive functions. We analysed the retention potential of a small agricultural catchment associated with the Bílý potok brook, investigating the possibility to improve its retention capacity and slow down the surface runoff, thus increasing the underground water resources. Method of curve numbers was used for that purposes. From results, it emerged that present maximum water retention in the Bílý potok catchment is 96.2 mm. It could increase by 101.3 mm in case of grassing about 20% arable land threatened by soil erosion. As next possibility to retain water from precipitations in landscape, capacity and transformation effect of reservoirs designed in master plans was analysed. The latest programming tools working in the GIS environment were used to assess the retention capacity of both the catchment surface and the reservoirs. Analysing master plans in the catchment, it was found that 16 designed water reservoirs (from 31) have a good potential to intercept water and transform flood discharges. In the result, priority for building of reservoirs was recommended according to their pertinence and efficiency in the studied catchment. Presented complex approach can be widely implemented, especially for better effectivity and cohesion of landscape planning and land consolidations processes.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Retention reservoirs
  • land development plan
  • water retention
  • drought
  • floods
Otwarty dostęp

How Can Sweden Deal with Forest Management and Municipal Planning in the System of Ongoing Land-Use and Multilevel Planning?

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 23 - 37

Abstrakt

Abstract

This article studies the relation between territorial and functional planning by investigating the Swedish local comprehensive planning system and the forest management. The former is locally based and the latter is functionally based or sector-orientated. By interviewing planners from the County Administrative Boards responsible for monitoring the national interests in the Swedish municipalities and forest managers from the Regional Forest Agency Administration, we found out that forest- and municipality related issues that coincide or interact with each other is normally considered in the collaborative planning process based on consultations and cooperation between the involved stakeholders. Weaknesses in the collaborative planning system consists of lack of coordination between the involved legal frameworks as well as lack of local planning resources and in some cases competences.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Municipal planning
  • forest management
  • collaborative planning
  • multilevel governance
Otwarty dostęp

Being Excellent Entrepreneurs in Highly Marginal Areas: The Case of the Agri-Food Sector in the Province of Reggio Calabria

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 38 - 57

Abstrakt

Abstract

The paper presents and discusses the findings of a field research study undertaken in a rural area in the province of Reggio Calabria, in Southern Italy, focused on firms belonging to the agri-food sector, in particular, on the excellent firms. Its objective is to point out how, even in rural and extremely marginal areas, and in unfavourable socio-economic and institutional contexts, it is possible that excellent firms were born and grew, and that they became competitive at the national and global scale. The paper therefore analyses these entrepreneurial case studies in-depth, using a methodologically mixed approach: on the one hand, focusing on their economic performance (quantitative analysis), and, on the other hand, investigating their strategy by means of direct open interviews. The paper concludes by providing “lessons” useful to understand how firms can not only survive, but also can be competitive and expand their business, even if they are located in extremely unfavourable peripheral contexts. This can be achieved by exploiting the strengths of these territories, which, even if few, they do not lack.

Słowa kluczowe

  • competitiveness
  • entrepreneurship
  • excellence
  • marginal areas
  • agri-food sector
  • peripheral areas
  • locational disadvantages
Otwarty dostęp

A Non-Parametric Analysis of Technical Efficiency in Bulgarian Farms Using the Fadn Dataset

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 58 - 73

Abstrakt

Abstract

The Bulgarian countryside has suffered a significant phenomenon of rural emigration since the early 1970s. The main consequence of rural depopulation has been a decline of investments in Bulgarian farms and in their own level of technical and economic efficiency. The aim of this research was to assess afterwards the enlargement of the European Union in 2007, the technical efficiency by a non-parametric approach such as the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), using some findings and variables investigated in the Farm Accountancy Data Network annual survey from 2007 till 2015. Farms have been stratified into functions of their typology of farming and their geographical localization. Research findings have pointed out that specialized farms as dairy farms and granivores ones have had the highest levels of technical efficiency compared to mixed farms and wine farms. To sum up, financial subsidies allocated by the Common Agricultural Policy have had a positive impact towards farmers, both increasing the technical efficiency and also in reducing the socio-economic marginalization of Bulgarian rural areas.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Common Agricultural Policy
  • typology of farming
  • rural areas
  • emigration
  • Data Envelopment Analysis
Otwarty dostęp

Examining the Renewable Energy Investments in Hungarian Rural Settlements: The Gained Local Benefits and the Aspects of Local Community Involvement

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 74 - 88

Abstrakt

Abstract

The results of the paper are based on a research project which examines the renewable energy investments carried out in Hungarian rural settlements. The study will focus on the municipality-led renewable energy developments, determining the most important local benefits and the aspects of the local community involvement. Altogether 748 rural settlements have been identified, which have implemented at least one renewable energy project through the Environmental and Energy Operative Program between 2007 and 2013. A questionnaire has been sent out to these municipalities, and 159 full answers have been collected and analysed. We have investigated the importance and presence of local benefits deriving from renewable energy investments, and examined what effort is put into the information and involvement of the local community. The study concludes that although several local benefits occur at local level while implementing renewable energy projects, the effect of direct benefits remain at a low level. Furthermore, it can also be stated, that only moderate effort is put into the issue of local community involvement. The study also determines several major threats that can endanger the successfulness of the previous investments, and prevent the further renewable energy developments at local level.

Słowa kluczowe

  • renewable energy utilization
  • rural development
  • local benefits
  • community involvement
Otwarty dostęp

Specialities in the Institutionalisation of Hungarian Leader Local Action Groups

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 89 - 106

Abstrakt

Abstract

LEADER local action groups (LAGs) have become an integral part of the European rural landscape. Our article examines how LEADER groups operate in Hungary by analysing their territorial, symbolic and institutional shape, and the established role of LAGs in Hungary. The results reveal an irregular territorial shape combined with uncertain symbolic form. The institutional constellation is significantly influenced by the size of the member municipalities. Action groups integrating smaller local authorities must involve more NGOs and enterprises to fulfil participatory regulations. Local bureaux are small and their functions are not differentiated according to the state of development. Although Hungarian LAGs, in a European comparison, have many levels of tasks their level of governance is relatively low.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Rural development
  • LEADER approach
  • governance
  • institutionalisation
Otwarty dostęp

Interpretations of Innovation in Rural Development. The Cases of Leader Projects in Lecce (Italy) and Granada (Spain) in 2007–2013 Period

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 107 - 126

Abstrakt

Abstract

In the Leader approach, innovation plays a key role in European territories, especially in marginal and peripheral ones, being essentially assumed, from a programmatic point of view, as social innovation. This paper aims to understand the interpretation and the declination of innovation in the practice of Leader initiative at local scale and analyze contextual factors related to its implementation in two southern provinces of Spain and Italy (Granada and Lecce). The study aims to analyze the projects reported as innovative by the leaders of the Local Action Groups, starting from the literature and using a key Community document entitled “Extended report on preserving the innovative character of LEADER”. Lastly, the study reveals common significant problems linked to local awareness of the role of social innovation, as well as the absence or limitations of key institutions.

Słowa kluczowe

  • social innovation
  • rural development
  • LEADER approach
  • rural areas
  • marginal areas
Otwarty dostęp

Differentiation and Typology of the Moravian Countryside

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 127 - 140

Abstrakt

Abstract

The authors argue that differentiation of various types of countryside is more important than to look for the definition of the rural against the urban. The paper is aimed at a typology of the Moravian countryside. Based on multifunctional (both hard and soft) data, Moravian micro-regions were divided into four categories – progressive, deficit and suburban countryside and predominantly urban micro-regions. Each of the categories has its own characteristics, threats, and needs. The authors stress that the approach of regional politics and both European and national subsidies have to take into account different categories of rural micro-regions. However, particular decisions have to be made in the intersection of the lowest regional level and the bottom-up approach expressed by community lead local development.

Słowa kluczowe

  • countryside
  • rural typology
  • Moravia
Otwarty dostęp

Identity Changes in the Slovenian and Friulian Linguistic Communities in the Province of Udine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 141 - 157

Abstrakt

Abstract

The paper discusses the intertwined relationship between identity construction, language practices and language ideologies of Slovenes and Friulians in the Province of Udine, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy. We are dealing with two indigenous linguistic minorities whose native language was historically restricted to the private sphere of life. However, due to altered social conditions of decentralization and globalization, the ever-increasing use of these languages outside private sphere has been noticed. The phenomenon will be illuminated by the statements of the members of both linguistic minorities. The final part of the paper will present the reawakening of a dying culture and language of the village of Topolove through an art festival, called Postaja Topolove/Stazione Topolò, whose basic concept is to avoid folklorism and create the most advanced artwork search.

Słowa kluczowe

  • minority language
  • identity
  • Province of Udine
  • Slovenes
  • Friulians
Otwarty dostęp

Between Smallholder Traditions and “Ecological Modernisation” – Agricultural Transformation, Landscape Change and the Cap in Austria 1995–2015

Data publikacji: 04 Apr 2018
Zakres stron: 158 - 179

Abstrakt

Abstract

The paper explores transformations in agriculture during the period 1995–2015 and shows their impact on rural landscapes in the case of Austria. When Austria joined the European Union in 1995, this meant a minor gash in agricultural politics, from broad support of smallholder agriculture to a programme of modernisation and rationalisation. Austrian politicians defined this shift as a process of “ecological modernisation” (Fischler et al. 1994), incorporating agri-environmental schemes as instruments and modifying existing programmes of direct payments. The survey forms the groundwork for a discussion on landscape effects of the CAP as an “ecological” modernisation programme and possible impact of the CAP-reform 2020.

Słowa kluczowe

  • European Common Agricultural Policy
  • cultural landscape
  • agriculture
  • agri-environmental schemes
  • landscape policy

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