In the present paper we study η-Ricci solitons on Kenmotsu 3-manifolds. Moreover, we consider η-Ricci solitons on Kenmotsu 3-manifolds with Codazzi type of Ricci tensor and cyclic parallel Ricci tensor. Beside these, we study φ-Ricci symmetric η-Ricci soliton on Kenmotsu 3-manifolds. Also Kenmotsu 3-manifolds satisfying the curvature condition R.R = Q(S, R)is considered. Finally, an example is constructed to prove the existence of a proper η-Ricci soliton on a Kenmotsu 3-manifold.