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Volume 215 (2018): Edizione 4 (December 2018)

Volume 214 (2018): Edizione 3 (September 2018)

Volume 213 (2018): Edizione 2 (June 2018)

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Volume 211 (2017): Edizione 4 (December 2017)

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Volume 209 (2017): Edizione 2 (June 2017)

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Volume 206 (2016): Edizione 3 (September 2016)

Volume 205 (2016): Edizione 2 (June 2016)

Volume 204 (2016): Edizione 1 (March 2016)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2720-4286
Pubblicato per la prima volta
30 Mar 2016
Periodo di pubblicazione
1 volta all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 215 (2018): Edizione 4 (December 2018)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2720-4286
Pubblicato per la prima volta
30 Mar 2016
Periodo di pubblicazione
1 volta all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

9 Articoli
Open Access

Big Data for Anomaly Detection in Maritime Surveillance: Spatial AIS Data Analysis for Tankers

Pubblicato online: 01 Feb 2019
Pagine: 5 - 28

Astratto

Abstract

The paper presents results of spatial analysis of huge volume of AIS data with the goal to detect predefined maritime anomalies. The maritime anomalies analysed have been grouped into: traffic analysis, static anomalies, and loitering detection. The analysis was carried out on data describing movement of tankers worldwide in 2015, using sophisticated algorithms and technology capable of handling big data in a fast and efficient manner. The research was conducted as a follow-up of the EDA-funded SIMMO project, which resulted in a maritime surveillance system based on AIS messages enriched with data acquired from open Internet sources.

Parole chiave

  • maritime surveillance
  • AIS data
  • anomaly detection
  • big data
Open Access

Design Process of a Helical Flux Compression Generator

Pubblicato online: 01 Feb 2019
Pagine: 29 - 45

Astratto

Abstract

The article demonstrates the design process of a flux compression generator. Several armature configurations and materials have been analyzed. The influence of mechanical parameters, such as wall thickness, inner diameter of the armature or high explosive material used, on FCG performance has been estimated. The geometry of generators’ components has been optimized using the Finite Elements Method. Several generators have been built based on mathematical model and simulation results. The designed FCG’s performance has been verified during field tests. A comparison of simulation and field test results has been presented.

Parole chiave

  • helical flux compression generator design
  • gurney speed
  • gurney angle
Open Access

Using of New Narrowband Waveforms to Ensure Proper Operation of Command and Communication Systems

Pubblicato online: 01 Feb 2019
Pagine: 47 - 61

Astratto

Abstract

Accomplishment of basic services implementation with specific quality is one of the main challenges of the command and communication systems for modern maritime safety and defense. The specificity of the marine environment imposes the use of narrowband HF (High Frequency) and VHF (Very High Frequency) radio communication devices which are capable to implement IP transmission. This paper presents the requirements for the HF and VHF radio systems according to the IP protocol requirements. At the beginning basic properties of narrowband HF and VHF waveforms in context of their operational scenarios has been described. Then results of experimental research (implementation of narrowband services — voice and data) has been presented. Finally further research directions with contribution of the authors, in NATO working groups related to the development of NBWF (Narrowband Waveform) for coalition communication has been presented.

Parole chiave

  • LOS
  • BLOS
  • NBWF
  • RKP-8100
  • RSSI
  • BMS
  • VHF
  • UHF
  • HF
Open Access

Relationship Between Basic Physiochemical Properties of Seawater and Magnitude of Underwater Electric Field

Pubblicato online: 01 Feb 2019
Pagine: 63 - 75

Astratto

Abstract

Passive defense systems which minimize chance of vessel detection have to be utilized due to application of naval mines. Passive defense and signature minimization can be regarded as not only magnitude reduction but also as its shaping. Electric field magnitude at a given depth is a function of an electric field source but also it depends on physicochemical properties of seawater — temperature and salinity. In this paper results of underwater electric field simulations are presented. Cases of various depths, temperatures and salinities are shown. Computational results are compared to underwater electric field measurements performed with portable sensor.

Parole chiave

  • underwater electric field
  • minimization
  • vessel signature
Open Access

Simulations and Measurements of Eddy Current Magnetic Signatures

Pubblicato online: 01 Feb 2019
Pagine: 77 - 102

Astratto

Abstract

Eddy current magnetic signature is, together with magnetization of ferromagnetic hull, mechanisms and devices on board, corrosion related and stray field sources one of the main sources of ship’s magnetic signature. Due to roll, pitch and yaw of the ship in external magnetic field, eddy currents are induced in conducting materials on board ship, mainly in conducting hull. Flow of those currents is a source of magnetic field around a ship. Principal eddy current component is related to roll movement as it depends on rate of change of external field which is the highest for roll. Induced currents have both in-phase and quadrature components. Magnitude of the eddy current magnetic field can have significant effect on total magnetic field signature after degaussing for ships such as mine sweepers and mine hunters. Paper presents calculations and simulations as well as measurements of model and physical scale model made of low magnetic steel performed in Maritime Technology Center. Contribution of eddy current magnetic field in total field in low roll frequencies has been estimated.

Parole chiave

  • ship’s magnetic signature
  • eddy currents
  • degaussing system (DG)
  • physical scale model
Open Access

Ensuring Electromagnetic Compatibility On Newly Built Vessels for the Polish Navy

Pubblicato online: 01 Feb 2019
Pagine: 103 - 116

Astratto

Abstract

The need to confirm compliance with the requirements of the Polish Defence Standards, STANAGs and shipping classification societies documents poses new challenges for manufacturers and suppliers of ship’s equipment and systems. This is related to the continuous technical evolution of electronic and electrotechnical devices, especially in the field of wireless transmission and data exchange. These challenges also apply to research laboratories, which must keep up with both the technological changes of the examined objects and the updating of requirements and reference documents. It is connected with the necessity of constant development in the area of technical facilities and competences. This paper presents an overview of the currently binding requirements for devices and systems for newly built vessels, with particular regard on the area of electromagnetic compatibility. It indicates the planned trends of changes of these requirements in relation to the technical evolution of devices. Discussion with several examples of problems and challenges faced by both equipment suppliers and research laboratories engineers were presented.

Parole chiave

  • electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
  • research
  • requirements
Open Access

Flying Means of Attack of Ships, Possible to Be Used by a Potential Enemy—Analysis of the Threats for Ships the Polish Navy

Pubblicato online: 01 Feb 2019
Pagine: 117 - 142

Astratto

Abstract

The article presents the analysis of the threats to Polish Navy ships resulting from the development by the Baltic Sea countries of missile systems or turbojet missiles. The most popular varieties and types of missiles that could be used against Polish Navy vessels were described and classified taking into account mainly the potential of the Baltic Fleet of the Russian Federation (BF FR), as well as an analysis of the latest global trends in the area of counteracting these missiles. The article presents the conclusions drawn from exemplary simulations of the attack of modern anti-ship missiles. The article also contains references to the ways of determining the probability of avoiding a rocket attack and the measure of the effectiveness of self-defence of attacked ships. The work contains conclusions regarding desirable traits from the systems of self-defence of ships on the modern battlefield with particular emphasis on the character of the Polish Navy. The article presents an analysis of the threats to ships of the Polish Navy, resulting from the development in the Baltic Sea countries, missile/turbojet anti-ship systems. Were described and classified most popular varieties and types of missiles applicable to fight Polish Navy ships and described latest global trends counteracted against these missiles. The article presents the conclusions drawn from exemplary simulations of the attack of modern anti-ship missiles. The article also contains references to the ways of determining the probability of avoiding a rocket attack and the measure of the effectiveness of self-defence of attacked ships. The work contains conclusions regarding desirable traits from the systems of self-defence of ships on the modern battlefield, with particular emphasis on the nature of the Polish Navy.

Parole chiave

  • marine combat systems
  • safety and protection of shipping
  • armaments and specialized equipment
  • port and critical infrastructure protection
  • armament and specialist equipment
  • anti-ship systems of the potential enemy
  • self-defence and ship masking systems
Open Access

Modern Dynamic Positioning (DP) System of ORP ‘Kormoran’ — Class Mine Destroyer

Pubblicato online: 01 Feb 2019
Pagine: 143 - 155

Astratto

Abstract

The paper presents the dynamic positioning system (DP), particularly its thruster allocation model, designed for ORP ‘Kormoran’, a Polish mine destroyer built for the Polish Navy in Remontowa Shipbuilding S.A. in Gdańsk. The ORP ‘Kormoran’ ship is the newest and best equipped minehunter ship in Europe. The main task of the new Polish mine destroyer is to search for, classify, identify and combat marine mines and improvised underwater explosives, recognize waterways, transport mines, deploy mines and provide remote control of self-propelled anti-mine platforms. The dynamic positioning control system of the ship presented in the article was constructed by Autocomp Management Ltd. from Szczecin, the only in Poland and one of the few producers of dynamic ship positioning systems in the world.

Parole chiave

  • DP
  • dynamic positioning
  • thrust allocation
  • constrained convex optimization
  • ORP ‘Kormoran’
Open Access

A Bow-Echo and Severe Weather Observed Over Poland on 11th and 12th August, 2017

Pubblicato online: 01 Feb 2019
Pagine: 157 - 168

Astratto

Abstract

The paper presents results of research based on analysis of weather conditions during the storm front on 11th and 12th August, 2017, which has been relocated through a significant area of Poland. The front with an unprecedented force struck the infrastructure of the Academic Training Centre in the village of Czernica (ATC Czernica) on 11th August, 2017 about 23:05 CET. Due to wind impact of near-hurricane force, significant damage in the facility’s infrastructure and the biggest losses are incurred in forest resources. The data from the front passage through Gdynia was observed on a mobile meteorological station located at the Naval Academy in Gdynia. Describing the phenomenon and displaying the losses caused is one of the historical goals set before the article, because such a rapid weather phenomenon has not been recorded in the more than 50-years history of the Center in Czernica.

Parole chiave

  • storm front
  • violent weather phenomenon
  • bow-echo front
9 Articoli
Open Access

Big Data for Anomaly Detection in Maritime Surveillance: Spatial AIS Data Analysis for Tankers

Pubblicato online: 01 Feb 2019
Pagine: 5 - 28

Astratto

Abstract

The paper presents results of spatial analysis of huge volume of AIS data with the goal to detect predefined maritime anomalies. The maritime anomalies analysed have been grouped into: traffic analysis, static anomalies, and loitering detection. The analysis was carried out on data describing movement of tankers worldwide in 2015, using sophisticated algorithms and technology capable of handling big data in a fast and efficient manner. The research was conducted as a follow-up of the EDA-funded SIMMO project, which resulted in a maritime surveillance system based on AIS messages enriched with data acquired from open Internet sources.

Parole chiave

  • maritime surveillance
  • AIS data
  • anomaly detection
  • big data
Open Access

Design Process of a Helical Flux Compression Generator

Pubblicato online: 01 Feb 2019
Pagine: 29 - 45

Astratto

Abstract

The article demonstrates the design process of a flux compression generator. Several armature configurations and materials have been analyzed. The influence of mechanical parameters, such as wall thickness, inner diameter of the armature or high explosive material used, on FCG performance has been estimated. The geometry of generators’ components has been optimized using the Finite Elements Method. Several generators have been built based on mathematical model and simulation results. The designed FCG’s performance has been verified during field tests. A comparison of simulation and field test results has been presented.

Parole chiave

  • helical flux compression generator design
  • gurney speed
  • gurney angle
Open Access

Using of New Narrowband Waveforms to Ensure Proper Operation of Command and Communication Systems

Pubblicato online: 01 Feb 2019
Pagine: 47 - 61

Astratto

Abstract

Accomplishment of basic services implementation with specific quality is one of the main challenges of the command and communication systems for modern maritime safety and defense. The specificity of the marine environment imposes the use of narrowband HF (High Frequency) and VHF (Very High Frequency) radio communication devices which are capable to implement IP transmission. This paper presents the requirements for the HF and VHF radio systems according to the IP protocol requirements. At the beginning basic properties of narrowband HF and VHF waveforms in context of their operational scenarios has been described. Then results of experimental research (implementation of narrowband services — voice and data) has been presented. Finally further research directions with contribution of the authors, in NATO working groups related to the development of NBWF (Narrowband Waveform) for coalition communication has been presented.

Parole chiave

  • LOS
  • BLOS
  • NBWF
  • RKP-8100
  • RSSI
  • BMS
  • VHF
  • UHF
  • HF
Open Access

Relationship Between Basic Physiochemical Properties of Seawater and Magnitude of Underwater Electric Field

Pubblicato online: 01 Feb 2019
Pagine: 63 - 75

Astratto

Abstract

Passive defense systems which minimize chance of vessel detection have to be utilized due to application of naval mines. Passive defense and signature minimization can be regarded as not only magnitude reduction but also as its shaping. Electric field magnitude at a given depth is a function of an electric field source but also it depends on physicochemical properties of seawater — temperature and salinity. In this paper results of underwater electric field simulations are presented. Cases of various depths, temperatures and salinities are shown. Computational results are compared to underwater electric field measurements performed with portable sensor.

Parole chiave

  • underwater electric field
  • minimization
  • vessel signature
Open Access

Simulations and Measurements of Eddy Current Magnetic Signatures

Pubblicato online: 01 Feb 2019
Pagine: 77 - 102

Astratto

Abstract

Eddy current magnetic signature is, together with magnetization of ferromagnetic hull, mechanisms and devices on board, corrosion related and stray field sources one of the main sources of ship’s magnetic signature. Due to roll, pitch and yaw of the ship in external magnetic field, eddy currents are induced in conducting materials on board ship, mainly in conducting hull. Flow of those currents is a source of magnetic field around a ship. Principal eddy current component is related to roll movement as it depends on rate of change of external field which is the highest for roll. Induced currents have both in-phase and quadrature components. Magnitude of the eddy current magnetic field can have significant effect on total magnetic field signature after degaussing for ships such as mine sweepers and mine hunters. Paper presents calculations and simulations as well as measurements of model and physical scale model made of low magnetic steel performed in Maritime Technology Center. Contribution of eddy current magnetic field in total field in low roll frequencies has been estimated.

Parole chiave

  • ship’s magnetic signature
  • eddy currents
  • degaussing system (DG)
  • physical scale model
Open Access

Ensuring Electromagnetic Compatibility On Newly Built Vessels for the Polish Navy

Pubblicato online: 01 Feb 2019
Pagine: 103 - 116

Astratto

Abstract

The need to confirm compliance with the requirements of the Polish Defence Standards, STANAGs and shipping classification societies documents poses new challenges for manufacturers and suppliers of ship’s equipment and systems. This is related to the continuous technical evolution of electronic and electrotechnical devices, especially in the field of wireless transmission and data exchange. These challenges also apply to research laboratories, which must keep up with both the technological changes of the examined objects and the updating of requirements and reference documents. It is connected with the necessity of constant development in the area of technical facilities and competences. This paper presents an overview of the currently binding requirements for devices and systems for newly built vessels, with particular regard on the area of electromagnetic compatibility. It indicates the planned trends of changes of these requirements in relation to the technical evolution of devices. Discussion with several examples of problems and challenges faced by both equipment suppliers and research laboratories engineers were presented.

Parole chiave

  • electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
  • research
  • requirements
Open Access

Flying Means of Attack of Ships, Possible to Be Used by a Potential Enemy—Analysis of the Threats for Ships the Polish Navy

Pubblicato online: 01 Feb 2019
Pagine: 117 - 142

Astratto

Abstract

The article presents the analysis of the threats to Polish Navy ships resulting from the development by the Baltic Sea countries of missile systems or turbojet missiles. The most popular varieties and types of missiles that could be used against Polish Navy vessels were described and classified taking into account mainly the potential of the Baltic Fleet of the Russian Federation (BF FR), as well as an analysis of the latest global trends in the area of counteracting these missiles. The article presents the conclusions drawn from exemplary simulations of the attack of modern anti-ship missiles. The article also contains references to the ways of determining the probability of avoiding a rocket attack and the measure of the effectiveness of self-defence of attacked ships. The work contains conclusions regarding desirable traits from the systems of self-defence of ships on the modern battlefield with particular emphasis on the character of the Polish Navy. The article presents an analysis of the threats to ships of the Polish Navy, resulting from the development in the Baltic Sea countries, missile/turbojet anti-ship systems. Were described and classified most popular varieties and types of missiles applicable to fight Polish Navy ships and described latest global trends counteracted against these missiles. The article presents the conclusions drawn from exemplary simulations of the attack of modern anti-ship missiles. The article also contains references to the ways of determining the probability of avoiding a rocket attack and the measure of the effectiveness of self-defence of attacked ships. The work contains conclusions regarding desirable traits from the systems of self-defence of ships on the modern battlefield, with particular emphasis on the nature of the Polish Navy.

Parole chiave

  • marine combat systems
  • safety and protection of shipping
  • armaments and specialized equipment
  • port and critical infrastructure protection
  • armament and specialist equipment
  • anti-ship systems of the potential enemy
  • self-defence and ship masking systems
Open Access

Modern Dynamic Positioning (DP) System of ORP ‘Kormoran’ — Class Mine Destroyer

Pubblicato online: 01 Feb 2019
Pagine: 143 - 155

Astratto

Abstract

The paper presents the dynamic positioning system (DP), particularly its thruster allocation model, designed for ORP ‘Kormoran’, a Polish mine destroyer built for the Polish Navy in Remontowa Shipbuilding S.A. in Gdańsk. The ORP ‘Kormoran’ ship is the newest and best equipped minehunter ship in Europe. The main task of the new Polish mine destroyer is to search for, classify, identify and combat marine mines and improvised underwater explosives, recognize waterways, transport mines, deploy mines and provide remote control of self-propelled anti-mine platforms. The dynamic positioning control system of the ship presented in the article was constructed by Autocomp Management Ltd. from Szczecin, the only in Poland and one of the few producers of dynamic ship positioning systems in the world.

Parole chiave

  • DP
  • dynamic positioning
  • thrust allocation
  • constrained convex optimization
  • ORP ‘Kormoran’
Open Access

A Bow-Echo and Severe Weather Observed Over Poland on 11th and 12th August, 2017

Pubblicato online: 01 Feb 2019
Pagine: 157 - 168

Astratto

Abstract

The paper presents results of research based on analysis of weather conditions during the storm front on 11th and 12th August, 2017, which has been relocated through a significant area of Poland. The front with an unprecedented force struck the infrastructure of the Academic Training Centre in the village of Czernica (ATC Czernica) on 11th August, 2017 about 23:05 CET. Due to wind impact of near-hurricane force, significant damage in the facility’s infrastructure and the biggest losses are incurred in forest resources. The data from the front passage through Gdynia was observed on a mobile meteorological station located at the Naval Academy in Gdynia. Describing the phenomenon and displaying the losses caused is one of the historical goals set before the article, because such a rapid weather phenomenon has not been recorded in the more than 50-years history of the Center in Czernica.

Parole chiave

  • storm front
  • violent weather phenomenon
  • bow-echo front

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