1. bookVolume 19 (2019): Edizione 4 (October 2019)
Dettagli della rivista
Prima pubblicazione
25 Nov 2011
Frequenza di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
access type Accesso libero

Mechanism and Functions of Identified miRNAs in Poultry Skeletal Muscle Development – A Review

Pubblicato online: 30 Oct 2019
Volume & Edizione: Volume 19 (2019) - Edizione 4 (October 2019)
Pagine: 887 - 904
Ricevuto: 24 Apr 2019
Accettato: 25 Jul 2019
Dettagli della rivista
Prima pubblicazione
25 Nov 2011
Frequenza di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno

Development of the skeletal muscle goes through several complex processes regulated by numerous genetic factors. Although much efforts have been made to understand the mechanisms involved in increased muscle yield, little work is done about the miRNAs and candidate genes that are involved in the skeletal muscle development in poultry. Comprehensive research of candidate genes and single nucleotide related to poultry muscle growth is yet to be experimentally unraveled. However, over a few periods, studies in miRNA have disclosed that they actively participate in muscle formation, differentiation, and determination in poultry. Specifically, miR-1, miR-133, and miR-206 influence tissue development, and they are highly expressed in the skeletal muscles. Candidate genes such as CEBPB, MUSTN1, MSTN, IGF1, FOXO3, mTOR, and NFKB1, have also been identified to express in the poultry skeletal muscles development. However, further researches, analysis, and comprehensive studies should be made on the various miRNAs and gene regulatory factors that influence the skeletal muscle development in poultry. The objective of this review is to summarize recent knowledge in miRNAs and their mode of action as well as transcription and candidate genes identified to regulate poultry skeletal muscle development.


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