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Volume 67 (2020): Issue 4 (December 2020)

Volume 67 (2020): Issue 3 (September 2020)

Volume 67 (2020): Issue 2 (June 2020)

Volume 67 (2020): Issue 1 (March 2020)

Volume 66 (2019): Issue 4 (December 2019)

Volume 66 (2019): Issue 3 (December 2019)

Volume 66 (2019): Issue 2 (June 2019)

Volume 66 (2019): Issue 1 (March 2019)

Volume 65 (2018): Issue 4 (December 2018)

Volume 65 (2018): Issue 3 (September 2018)

Volume 65 (2018): Issue 2 (September 2018)

Volume 65 (2018): Issue 1 (March 2018)

Volume 64 (2017): Issue 4 (December 2017)

Volume 64 (2017): Issue 3 (September 2017)

Volume 64 (2017): Issue 2 (July 2017)

Volume 64 (2017): Issue 1 (March 2017)

Volume 63 (2016): Issue 4 (December 2016)

Volume 63 (2016): Issue 3 (September 2016)

Volume 63 (2016): Issue 2 (July 2016)

Volume 63 (2016): Issue 1 (May 2016)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1854-7400
First Published
30 Mar 2016
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 67 (2020): Issue 4 (December 2020)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1854-7400
First Published
30 Mar 2016
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Search

5 Articles
Open Access

Underwater noise in the Slovenian Sea

Published Online: 29 Apr 2021
Page range: 161 - 175

Abstract

Abstract

Continuous underwater noise has been monitored in the Slovenian sea near the lighthouse foundation at Debeli Rtič since February 2015, according to the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Anthropogenic noise sources (e.g. seawater densities, dredging activities and cleaning of the seafloor) and meteorological noise sources (e.g. wind speed and precipitation) were analysed in relation to the measured underwater noise levels using several graphical and statistical methods. The results of this study showed that average equivalent continuous underwater noise levels were, by 11 dB (Leq,63 Hz) and 5 dB (Leq,125 Hz), higher in the intervals when dredging activities took place than in the intervals when these activities were absent. Variation in underwater noise levels was partly related to the variation of the ship densities, which could be explained by the relatively small acoustic propagation in the shallow seawater. Precipitation level did not indicate any significant association with the variations in continuous underwater noise levels, though some larger deviations in the wind speed were found to be associated with the larger fluctuations in continuous underwater noise levels.

Keywords

  • underwater noise
  • shallow sea
  • measuring equipment
  • natural and anthropogenic sound sources

Ključne besede

  • podvodni hrup
  • plitvo morje
  • merilna oprema
  • naravni in antropogeni viri zvoka
Open Access

Monitoring after the conclusion of mining works

Published Online: 03 May 2021
Page range: 177 - 184

Abstract

Abstract

After mining works are completed and the mine is permanently closed, the holder of the mining rights must carry out monitoring in accordance with the applicable legislation and for the purpose of controlling the extraction area. This includes monitoring of the changes that have occurred during the process of mining, both on the surface and below it. This article presents an example of a monitoring program after the mining works are completed. The extraction of raw mineral material in an underground mine results in various impacts on the surface and underground space. The areas or segments of monitoring are divided into two parts in this article: The underground part includes monitoring of the geomechanical, climatic, and hydrogeological changes, while monitoring on the surface requires special attention to be paid to the stability conditions of the surface above old mine works and hydrogeological conditions in the area above the extraction or impact area. A practical example of the monitoring program that needs to be made when a mine closes is given in the article. The program covers areas, presents the ways and methods of measurement, as well as reporting of the measurements. The analysis procedure of already existing measurements, which need to be analyzed and included in the preparation of the monitoring program, is also presented.

Keywords

  • monitoring
  • stability
  • extraction area
  • measurement method

Ključne besede

  • monitoring
  • stabilnost
  • pridobivalni prostor
  • metoda meritev
Open Access

Estimation of Depth to Bouguer Anomaly Sources Using Euler Deconvolution Techniques

Published Online: 03 May 2021
Page range: 185 - 195

Abstract

Abstract

The geophysical measurement of variations in gravitational field of the Earth for a particular location is carried out through a gravity survey method. These variations termed anomalies can help investigate the subsurface of interest. An investigation was carried out using the airborne satellite-based (EGM08) gravity dataset to reveal the geological information inherent in a location. Qualitative analysis of the gravity dataset by filtering techniques of two-dimensional fast Fourier transform (FFT2D) shows that the area is made up of basement and sedimentary Formations. Further enhancements on the residual anomaly after separation show the sedimentary intrusion into the study area and zones of possible rock minerals of high and low density contrasts. Quantitative interpretations of the study area by 3-D Euler deconvolution depth estimation technique described the depth and locations of gravity bodies that yielded the gravity field. The result of the depth to basement approach was found to be in the depth range of 930 m to 2,686 m (for Structural Index, SI = 0). The research location is a probable area for economic mineral deposits and hydrocarbon exploration.

Keywords

  • gravitational field
  • intrusion
  • enhancements
  • anomalous sources
  • density contrasts

Ključne besede

  • gravitacijsko polje
  • intruzija
  • izboljšave
  • viri anomalij
  • kontrast gostote
Open Access

Site characterization for engineering purposes using geophysical and geotechnical techniques

Published Online: 08 May 2021
Page range: 197 - 207

Abstract

Abstract

Geophysical and geotechnical techniques were applied to determine the suitability of the sub-surface structure of Akole community area, Abeokuta, Nigeria, for the construction of engineering structures (CES). Four vertical electrical soundings (VES) were carried out, and 10 samples from different points at 1 m depth were analysed to determine soil moisture content, specific gravity (SG), Atterberg limits and California bearing ratio (CBR). The geoelectric sections revealed a maximum of five layers with the typical sounding curves of AKH and HKH types. Sieve analysis and tests for compaction limit, Atterberg limits, SG, optimum moisture content and maximum dry density for compaction limit revealed that samples SP2, SP3, SP4, SP6, SP7, SP8, SP9 and SP10 are of low plasticity with SG values that fall within the permissible range, while SP1 and SP5 are of medium plasticity and their SG values fall below the range of standard specifications. CBR analysis showed that SP1 and SP5 have low load-bearing capacities. VES 1 and 2, linked with SP1 and SP5, are considered unstable and unsuitable to support the CES with shallow foundations; however, excavation of weak layers up to a depth of 5 m and reinforcement will enable the support.

Keywords

  • electrical resistivity
  • engineering structure
  • grain size
  • Atterberg limits
  • compaction test

Ključne besede

  • električna upornost
  • inženirski objekti
  • velikost zrn
  • Atterbergerjeve meje
  • zgoščevalni preiskus
Open Access

Geochemical Fingerprinting pf Oil-Impacted Soil and Water Samples In Some Selected Areas in the Niger Delta

Published Online: 08 May 2021
Page range: 209 - 219

Abstract

Abstract

With over 50 years of oil exploration and exploitation in the Niger Delta, there has been an increasing rate of environmental degradation due to hydrocarbon pollution. This study is aimed at tracing the sources of the oil spills and the distribution of pollutants in selected communities in the Niger Delta using geo-chemical techniques. A total of sixteen samples made up of ten crude oil-impacted soil samples taken at a depth of 30 cm and six water samples (two from boreholes, two from burrow pits and two from surface water – one from a river and the other from rain harvest as control) were collected. The identification and quantification of aliphatic hydrocarbons (AHs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the samples were performed with an Agilent 7890B gas chromatography flame ionisation detector (GCFID). The AHs including pristane and phytane, together with seventeen priority PAHs, were identified. The values of AHs and PAHs in the water samples ranged from 0.13 mg/l to 5.78 mg/l and 0.09 mg/l to 1.109 mg/l, respectively, while that for the soil samples ranged from 22.52 mg/kg to 929.44 mg/kg and 10.544 mg/kg to 16.879 mg/kg, respectively.

Keywords

  • PAH
  • aliphatic hydrocarbon
  • fingerprinting

Ključne besede

  • PAH
  • alifatski ogljikovodik
  • kazalniki
5 Articles
Open Access

Underwater noise in the Slovenian Sea

Published Online: 29 Apr 2021
Page range: 161 - 175

Abstract

Abstract

Continuous underwater noise has been monitored in the Slovenian sea near the lighthouse foundation at Debeli Rtič since February 2015, according to the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Anthropogenic noise sources (e.g. seawater densities, dredging activities and cleaning of the seafloor) and meteorological noise sources (e.g. wind speed and precipitation) were analysed in relation to the measured underwater noise levels using several graphical and statistical methods. The results of this study showed that average equivalent continuous underwater noise levels were, by 11 dB (Leq,63 Hz) and 5 dB (Leq,125 Hz), higher in the intervals when dredging activities took place than in the intervals when these activities were absent. Variation in underwater noise levels was partly related to the variation of the ship densities, which could be explained by the relatively small acoustic propagation in the shallow seawater. Precipitation level did not indicate any significant association with the variations in continuous underwater noise levels, though some larger deviations in the wind speed were found to be associated with the larger fluctuations in continuous underwater noise levels.

Keywords

  • underwater noise
  • shallow sea
  • measuring equipment
  • natural and anthropogenic sound sources

Ključne besede

  • podvodni hrup
  • plitvo morje
  • merilna oprema
  • naravni in antropogeni viri zvoka
Open Access

Monitoring after the conclusion of mining works

Published Online: 03 May 2021
Page range: 177 - 184

Abstract

Abstract

After mining works are completed and the mine is permanently closed, the holder of the mining rights must carry out monitoring in accordance with the applicable legislation and for the purpose of controlling the extraction area. This includes monitoring of the changes that have occurred during the process of mining, both on the surface and below it. This article presents an example of a monitoring program after the mining works are completed. The extraction of raw mineral material in an underground mine results in various impacts on the surface and underground space. The areas or segments of monitoring are divided into two parts in this article: The underground part includes monitoring of the geomechanical, climatic, and hydrogeological changes, while monitoring on the surface requires special attention to be paid to the stability conditions of the surface above old mine works and hydrogeological conditions in the area above the extraction or impact area. A practical example of the monitoring program that needs to be made when a mine closes is given in the article. The program covers areas, presents the ways and methods of measurement, as well as reporting of the measurements. The analysis procedure of already existing measurements, which need to be analyzed and included in the preparation of the monitoring program, is also presented.

Keywords

  • monitoring
  • stability
  • extraction area
  • measurement method

Ključne besede

  • monitoring
  • stabilnost
  • pridobivalni prostor
  • metoda meritev
Open Access

Estimation of Depth to Bouguer Anomaly Sources Using Euler Deconvolution Techniques

Published Online: 03 May 2021
Page range: 185 - 195

Abstract

Abstract

The geophysical measurement of variations in gravitational field of the Earth for a particular location is carried out through a gravity survey method. These variations termed anomalies can help investigate the subsurface of interest. An investigation was carried out using the airborne satellite-based (EGM08) gravity dataset to reveal the geological information inherent in a location. Qualitative analysis of the gravity dataset by filtering techniques of two-dimensional fast Fourier transform (FFT2D) shows that the area is made up of basement and sedimentary Formations. Further enhancements on the residual anomaly after separation show the sedimentary intrusion into the study area and zones of possible rock minerals of high and low density contrasts. Quantitative interpretations of the study area by 3-D Euler deconvolution depth estimation technique described the depth and locations of gravity bodies that yielded the gravity field. The result of the depth to basement approach was found to be in the depth range of 930 m to 2,686 m (for Structural Index, SI = 0). The research location is a probable area for economic mineral deposits and hydrocarbon exploration.

Keywords

  • gravitational field
  • intrusion
  • enhancements
  • anomalous sources
  • density contrasts

Ključne besede

  • gravitacijsko polje
  • intruzija
  • izboljšave
  • viri anomalij
  • kontrast gostote
Open Access

Site characterization for engineering purposes using geophysical and geotechnical techniques

Published Online: 08 May 2021
Page range: 197 - 207

Abstract

Abstract

Geophysical and geotechnical techniques were applied to determine the suitability of the sub-surface structure of Akole community area, Abeokuta, Nigeria, for the construction of engineering structures (CES). Four vertical electrical soundings (VES) were carried out, and 10 samples from different points at 1 m depth were analysed to determine soil moisture content, specific gravity (SG), Atterberg limits and California bearing ratio (CBR). The geoelectric sections revealed a maximum of five layers with the typical sounding curves of AKH and HKH types. Sieve analysis and tests for compaction limit, Atterberg limits, SG, optimum moisture content and maximum dry density for compaction limit revealed that samples SP2, SP3, SP4, SP6, SP7, SP8, SP9 and SP10 are of low plasticity with SG values that fall within the permissible range, while SP1 and SP5 are of medium plasticity and their SG values fall below the range of standard specifications. CBR analysis showed that SP1 and SP5 have low load-bearing capacities. VES 1 and 2, linked with SP1 and SP5, are considered unstable and unsuitable to support the CES with shallow foundations; however, excavation of weak layers up to a depth of 5 m and reinforcement will enable the support.

Keywords

  • electrical resistivity
  • engineering structure
  • grain size
  • Atterberg limits
  • compaction test

Ključne besede

  • električna upornost
  • inženirski objekti
  • velikost zrn
  • Atterbergerjeve meje
  • zgoščevalni preiskus
Open Access

Geochemical Fingerprinting pf Oil-Impacted Soil and Water Samples In Some Selected Areas in the Niger Delta

Published Online: 08 May 2021
Page range: 209 - 219

Abstract

Abstract

With over 50 years of oil exploration and exploitation in the Niger Delta, there has been an increasing rate of environmental degradation due to hydrocarbon pollution. This study is aimed at tracing the sources of the oil spills and the distribution of pollutants in selected communities in the Niger Delta using geo-chemical techniques. A total of sixteen samples made up of ten crude oil-impacted soil samples taken at a depth of 30 cm and six water samples (two from boreholes, two from burrow pits and two from surface water – one from a river and the other from rain harvest as control) were collected. The identification and quantification of aliphatic hydrocarbons (AHs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the samples were performed with an Agilent 7890B gas chromatography flame ionisation detector (GCFID). The AHs including pristane and phytane, together with seventeen priority PAHs, were identified. The values of AHs and PAHs in the water samples ranged from 0.13 mg/l to 5.78 mg/l and 0.09 mg/l to 1.109 mg/l, respectively, while that for the soil samples ranged from 22.52 mg/kg to 929.44 mg/kg and 10.544 mg/kg to 16.879 mg/kg, respectively.

Keywords

  • PAH
  • aliphatic hydrocarbon
  • fingerprinting

Ključne besede

  • PAH
  • alifatski ogljikovodik
  • kazalniki

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