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Volume 67 (2020): Issue 4 (December 2020)

Volume 67 (2020): Issue 3 (September 2020)

Volume 67 (2020): Issue 2 (June 2020)

Volume 67 (2020): Issue 1 (March 2020)

Volume 66 (2019): Issue 4 (December 2019)

Volume 66 (2019): Issue 3 (December 2019)

Volume 66 (2019): Issue 2 (June 2019)

Volume 66 (2019): Issue 1 (March 2019)

Volume 65 (2018): Issue 4 (December 2018)

Volume 65 (2018): Issue 3 (September 2018)

Volume 65 (2018): Issue 2 (September 2018)

Volume 65 (2018): Issue 1 (March 2018)

Volume 64 (2017): Issue 4 (December 2017)

Volume 64 (2017): Issue 3 (September 2017)

Volume 64 (2017): Issue 2 (July 2017)

Volume 64 (2017): Issue 1 (March 2017)

Volume 63 (2016): Issue 4 (December 2016)

Volume 63 (2016): Issue 3 (September 2016)

Volume 63 (2016): Issue 2 (July 2016)

Volume 63 (2016): Issue 1 (May 2016)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1854-7400
First Published
30 Mar 2016
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 65 (2018): Issue 2 (September 2018)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
1854-7400
First Published
30 Mar 2016
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Search

5 Articles
Open Access

Design of underground structures and analysis of self-support capacity

Published Online: 17 Oct 2018
Page range: 59 - 70

Abstract

Abstract

The complicated rock structures and the stability of surrounding rocks of the underground powerhouse are key ground mechanical challenges for hydropower projects. In this paper, an example of contributing self-support capacity of rock mass to evaluate optimised support for long-term usage of structure is given. It describes importance of investigations in the initial in situ stress distribution, rock mechanical and geological properties, engineering rock mass classifications by different methods, numerical modelling, comparison of tools for stability and support analysis and proper stability control for rock excavation and support. The results show that after underground excavations in hard rock, detailed analysis of measures to investigate deformation and self-supporting capacity creation is useful and a cost-saving procedure.

Keywords

  • Hydropower tunnel
  • Power house cavern
  • Self-support capacity
  • Underground Excavation
  • Support installation
Open Access

Computer-Assisted Design of Sheet Metal Component Formed from Stainless Steel

Published Online: 17 Oct 2018
Page range: 71 - 78

Abstract

Abstract

The development of the product from stainless steel, which is produced for the client in large series, is presented. Technological optimisation was mainly focussed on the design of the deep drawing process in a single operation, which proved to be technologically unstable and therefore unfeasible for the prescribed shape of the product. Testing of prototype products showed unacceptable wrinkling due to the cone-shaped geometry of the workpiece. For this purpose, the research work was oriented towards technological optimisation of forming operations and set-up of proper phase plan in order to eliminate the wrinkling of the material. Testing of several different materials of the same quality was performed to determine the appropriate input parameters used for digital analyses. The analyses were focussed towards the set-up of optimal forming process and appropriate geometry of the corresponding tool, which allowed deep drawing of the workpiece without tearing and/or wrinkling of the material. Performed analyses of the forming process in the digital environment were tested with experiments, which showed a good correlation between the results of both development concepts.

Keywords

  • deep drawing
  • conical part
  • stainless steel
Open Access

SaltMod estimation of root-zone salinity Varadarajan and Purandara Application of SaltMod to estimate root-zone salinity in a command area

Published Online: 17 Oct 2018
Page range: 79 - 88

Abstract

Abstract

Waterlogging and salinity are the common features associated with many of the irrigation commands of surface water projects. This study aims to estimate the root zone salinity of the left and right bank canal commands of Ghataprabha irrigation command, Karnataka, India. The hydro-salinity model SaltMod was applied to selected agriculture plots at Gokak, Mudhol, Biligi and Bagalkot taluks for the prediction of root-zone salinity and leaching efficiency. The model simulated the soil-profile salinity for 20 years with and without subsurface drainage. The salinity level shows a decline with an increase of leaching efficiency. The leaching efficiency of 0.2 shows the best match with the actual efficiency under adequate drainage conditions. The model shows a steady increase, reaching the levels up to 8.0 decisiemens/metre (dS/m) to 10.6 dS/m at the end of the 20-year period under no drainage. If suitable drainage system is not provided, the area will further get salinised, thus making the land uncultivable. We conclude from the present study that it is necessary to provide proper drainage facilities to control the salinity levels in the study area.

Keywords

  • waterlogging
  • SaltMod
  • root-zone salinity
  • leaching efficiency
  • artificial drainage
Open Access

Site Characterization for Construction Purposes at FUNAAB using Geophysical and Geotechnical Methods

Published Online: 17 Oct 2018
Page range: 89 - 102

Abstract

Abstract

Geophysical and geotechnical techniques were used to investigate the sub-surface information of a proposed site for a hostel construction at Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta. Ten vertical electrical sounding (VES) stations were adopted. Typical sounding curves obtained include the HA, KH, AKH and KQH types, of which the AKH-type consists of 40% of the survey points, and a maximum of five geo-electric sub-surface layers were delineated. Laboratory analyses were performed to investigate particle size distribution, Atterberg limit, compaction limit, California bearing ratio (CBR) and specific gravity. The CBR revealed that all soil samples, except L4, are mechanically stable and have high load-bearing capacity. The Atterberg limit test and the geo-electric section showed that the second layer of VES 4 is composed of sandy clay with high plastic index and low liquid limit, which may pose a threat to the foundation of any engineering structure. VES locations 5, 6 and 8 were identified as high groundwater potential zones suitable for optimum groundwater abstraction. The study area is suitable for both shallow and deep foundations, however VES 4 and VES 5 require reinforcement.

Keywords

  • grain size
  • California bearing ratio
  • Atterberg limits
  • compaction
Open Access

A Resistivity Survey of Phosphate Nodules in Oshoshun, Southwestern Nigeria

Published Online: 17 Oct 2018
Page range: 103 - 114

Abstract

Abstract

This geophysical study was carried out to determine the occurrence of phosphate nodules in the Oshoshun Formation of the Dahomey Basin, Southwestern Nigeria. The electrical resistivity method, comprising 1D vertical electrical sounding (VES; using Schlumberger array) and 2D geoelectrical imaging (using Wenner array), was used to determine the nature and depth of occurrence of the phosphate nodules. Six profile lines were established within the study area, and inverted sections were generated from the apparent resistivity data using DIPRO inversion algorithm. Five VES points were also acquired in the study area, and Win- Resist programme was used to process and interpret the field resistivity data. Four pits were dug along the profiles to verify the interpreted results. The results obtained by both techniques reveal similar geoelectric units: the top soil, clay, clayey sand and clay at different depths. These layers host pockets of phosphate nodules (78-≥651 Ωm) with varying thicknesses. The strong correlation between the lithology profiles obtained from the pits and the interpreted results of the inverted apparent resistivity sections demonstrates the efficacy of the electrical resistivity method in characterising phosphate occurrence within the formation.

Keywords

  • imaging
  • inversion
  • Oshoshun
  • phosphate nodules
  • resistivity
5 Articles
Open Access

Design of underground structures and analysis of self-support capacity

Published Online: 17 Oct 2018
Page range: 59 - 70

Abstract

Abstract

The complicated rock structures and the stability of surrounding rocks of the underground powerhouse are key ground mechanical challenges for hydropower projects. In this paper, an example of contributing self-support capacity of rock mass to evaluate optimised support for long-term usage of structure is given. It describes importance of investigations in the initial in situ stress distribution, rock mechanical and geological properties, engineering rock mass classifications by different methods, numerical modelling, comparison of tools for stability and support analysis and proper stability control for rock excavation and support. The results show that after underground excavations in hard rock, detailed analysis of measures to investigate deformation and self-supporting capacity creation is useful and a cost-saving procedure.

Keywords

  • Hydropower tunnel
  • Power house cavern
  • Self-support capacity
  • Underground Excavation
  • Support installation
Open Access

Computer-Assisted Design of Sheet Metal Component Formed from Stainless Steel

Published Online: 17 Oct 2018
Page range: 71 - 78

Abstract

Abstract

The development of the product from stainless steel, which is produced for the client in large series, is presented. Technological optimisation was mainly focussed on the design of the deep drawing process in a single operation, which proved to be technologically unstable and therefore unfeasible for the prescribed shape of the product. Testing of prototype products showed unacceptable wrinkling due to the cone-shaped geometry of the workpiece. For this purpose, the research work was oriented towards technological optimisation of forming operations and set-up of proper phase plan in order to eliminate the wrinkling of the material. Testing of several different materials of the same quality was performed to determine the appropriate input parameters used for digital analyses. The analyses were focussed towards the set-up of optimal forming process and appropriate geometry of the corresponding tool, which allowed deep drawing of the workpiece without tearing and/or wrinkling of the material. Performed analyses of the forming process in the digital environment were tested with experiments, which showed a good correlation between the results of both development concepts.

Keywords

  • deep drawing
  • conical part
  • stainless steel
Open Access

SaltMod estimation of root-zone salinity Varadarajan and Purandara Application of SaltMod to estimate root-zone salinity in a command area

Published Online: 17 Oct 2018
Page range: 79 - 88

Abstract

Abstract

Waterlogging and salinity are the common features associated with many of the irrigation commands of surface water projects. This study aims to estimate the root zone salinity of the left and right bank canal commands of Ghataprabha irrigation command, Karnataka, India. The hydro-salinity model SaltMod was applied to selected agriculture plots at Gokak, Mudhol, Biligi and Bagalkot taluks for the prediction of root-zone salinity and leaching efficiency. The model simulated the soil-profile salinity for 20 years with and without subsurface drainage. The salinity level shows a decline with an increase of leaching efficiency. The leaching efficiency of 0.2 shows the best match with the actual efficiency under adequate drainage conditions. The model shows a steady increase, reaching the levels up to 8.0 decisiemens/metre (dS/m) to 10.6 dS/m at the end of the 20-year period under no drainage. If suitable drainage system is not provided, the area will further get salinised, thus making the land uncultivable. We conclude from the present study that it is necessary to provide proper drainage facilities to control the salinity levels in the study area.

Keywords

  • waterlogging
  • SaltMod
  • root-zone salinity
  • leaching efficiency
  • artificial drainage
Open Access

Site Characterization for Construction Purposes at FUNAAB using Geophysical and Geotechnical Methods

Published Online: 17 Oct 2018
Page range: 89 - 102

Abstract

Abstract

Geophysical and geotechnical techniques were used to investigate the sub-surface information of a proposed site for a hostel construction at Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta. Ten vertical electrical sounding (VES) stations were adopted. Typical sounding curves obtained include the HA, KH, AKH and KQH types, of which the AKH-type consists of 40% of the survey points, and a maximum of five geo-electric sub-surface layers were delineated. Laboratory analyses were performed to investigate particle size distribution, Atterberg limit, compaction limit, California bearing ratio (CBR) and specific gravity. The CBR revealed that all soil samples, except L4, are mechanically stable and have high load-bearing capacity. The Atterberg limit test and the geo-electric section showed that the second layer of VES 4 is composed of sandy clay with high plastic index and low liquid limit, which may pose a threat to the foundation of any engineering structure. VES locations 5, 6 and 8 were identified as high groundwater potential zones suitable for optimum groundwater abstraction. The study area is suitable for both shallow and deep foundations, however VES 4 and VES 5 require reinforcement.

Keywords

  • grain size
  • California bearing ratio
  • Atterberg limits
  • compaction
Open Access

A Resistivity Survey of Phosphate Nodules in Oshoshun, Southwestern Nigeria

Published Online: 17 Oct 2018
Page range: 103 - 114

Abstract

Abstract

This geophysical study was carried out to determine the occurrence of phosphate nodules in the Oshoshun Formation of the Dahomey Basin, Southwestern Nigeria. The electrical resistivity method, comprising 1D vertical electrical sounding (VES; using Schlumberger array) and 2D geoelectrical imaging (using Wenner array), was used to determine the nature and depth of occurrence of the phosphate nodules. Six profile lines were established within the study area, and inverted sections were generated from the apparent resistivity data using DIPRO inversion algorithm. Five VES points were also acquired in the study area, and Win- Resist programme was used to process and interpret the field resistivity data. Four pits were dug along the profiles to verify the interpreted results. The results obtained by both techniques reveal similar geoelectric units: the top soil, clay, clayey sand and clay at different depths. These layers host pockets of phosphate nodules (78-≥651 Ωm) with varying thicknesses. The strong correlation between the lithology profiles obtained from the pits and the interpreted results of the inverted apparent resistivity sections demonstrates the efficacy of the electrical resistivity method in characterising phosphate occurrence within the formation.

Keywords

  • imaging
  • inversion
  • Oshoshun
  • phosphate nodules
  • resistivity

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