Magazine et Edition

Volume 27 (2021): Edition 1 (December 2021)

Volume 26 (2020): Edition 1 (June 2020)

Volume 25 (2019): Edition 1 (June 2019)

Volume 24 (2018): Edition 1 (June 2018)

Volume 23 (2017): Edition 1 (June 2017)

Volume 22 (2016): Edition 2 (December 2016)

Volume 22 (2016): Edition 1 (June 2016)

Volume 21 (2015): Edition 2 (December 2015)

Volume 20 (2014): Edition 2 (December 2014)

Volume 20 (2014): Edition 1 (June 2014)

Volume 19 (2013): Edition 2 (December 2013)

Volume 19 (2013): Edition 1 (May 2013)

Volume 18 (2012): Edition 2 (December 2012)

Volume 18 (2012): Edition 1 (July 2012)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2353-0707
Première publication
19 Jul 2012
Période de publication
2 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

Volume 26 (2020): Edition 1 (June 2020)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2353-0707
Première publication
19 Jul 2012
Période de publication
2 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

2 Articles
access type Accès libre

Relationship between head and neck injuries and helmet use in fatal motorcycle and moped crashes in Denmark

Publié en ligne: 13 May 2021
Pages: 1 - 7

Résumé

Abstract

Motorcycle- and moped crashes are prevalent in motorised societies and carry a significant risk of serious injury. Whereas helmet use has reduced the frequency and severity of head injuries, the association between helmet use and neck injury risk is less clear. In the present retrospective study, we examined the relationship between helmet use and various types of head and neck injuries resulting from fatal motorcycle and moped crashes during a 20-year period. Eighty-three cases were included of whom 56 were analysed in detail based on their confirmed use/non-use of helmet. Intracranial haemorrhage was the most common finding, followed by CNS disruption and skull fracture. There was a significantly lower prevalence of skull vault fractures and epidural haemorrhage in the helmeted cases. Injuries to the brainstem and cervical spine fracture/dislocation were more common in the helmeted cases, although this was likely a function of higher speeds among motorcycle riders rather than an effect of helmet use per se. Further investigation of these findings require additional detailed information regarding the nature and severity of the crash, as well as helmet use and type, in order to assess non-confounded associations with the anatomical distribution, type and severity of observed head and neck injuries.

Mots clés

  • fatal motorcycle crash
  • fatal moped crash
  • helmet
  • road traffic crash
  • traffic safety
  • head injury
  • neck injury
  • medicolegal autopsy
  • post-mortem
access type Accès libre

Bereaved parents’ experiences of being informed about autopsy findings after the sudden and unexpected loss of an infant or small child

Publié en ligne: 13 May 2021
Pages: 8 - 14

Résumé

Abstract

Background: Following the sudden and unexpected loss of an infant or small child, the police usually request a forensic autopsy. National guidelines exist for how the autopsy report should be made available for the bereaved parents, but there is limited knowledge whether the guidelines are followed. This study aims to explore bereaved parents’ experiences of being informed about autopsy findings.

Methodology: As part of in-depth follow-up interviews at 13 months post-loss, 24 couples were asked how they experienced being informed about autopsy findings. Participants’ responses underwent thematic analysis.

Results: The results show that the waiting period before the autopsy report was made available was a burden for many parents, particularly those who experienced a delay in the process. Two main themes related to parents’ experiences of being informed when the report was available: ‘informed in a supportive and caring way’ and ‘difficult or negative experiences’.

Conclusion: Several factors are described that help parents cope with being informed about autopsy findings, such as: being informed according to the given timeframe by competent health personnel, face-to-face meetings at the hospital, being able to ask questions and routine follow-up contact. These factors are mostly described in the national guidelines. This study shows that when guidelines were followed, the majority of parents were satisfied with how they were informed. Unfortunately, some parents had negative experiences. Regular training and continuing education for health personnel are recommended.

Mots clés

  • SIDS
  • autopsy report
  • parents’ experience
  • bereavement
  • grief
2 Articles
access type Accès libre

Relationship between head and neck injuries and helmet use in fatal motorcycle and moped crashes in Denmark

Publié en ligne: 13 May 2021
Pages: 1 - 7

Résumé

Abstract

Motorcycle- and moped crashes are prevalent in motorised societies and carry a significant risk of serious injury. Whereas helmet use has reduced the frequency and severity of head injuries, the association between helmet use and neck injury risk is less clear. In the present retrospective study, we examined the relationship between helmet use and various types of head and neck injuries resulting from fatal motorcycle and moped crashes during a 20-year period. Eighty-three cases were included of whom 56 were analysed in detail based on their confirmed use/non-use of helmet. Intracranial haemorrhage was the most common finding, followed by CNS disruption and skull fracture. There was a significantly lower prevalence of skull vault fractures and epidural haemorrhage in the helmeted cases. Injuries to the brainstem and cervical spine fracture/dislocation were more common in the helmeted cases, although this was likely a function of higher speeds among motorcycle riders rather than an effect of helmet use per se. Further investigation of these findings require additional detailed information regarding the nature and severity of the crash, as well as helmet use and type, in order to assess non-confounded associations with the anatomical distribution, type and severity of observed head and neck injuries.

Mots clés

  • fatal motorcycle crash
  • fatal moped crash
  • helmet
  • road traffic crash
  • traffic safety
  • head injury
  • neck injury
  • medicolegal autopsy
  • post-mortem
access type Accès libre

Bereaved parents’ experiences of being informed about autopsy findings after the sudden and unexpected loss of an infant or small child

Publié en ligne: 13 May 2021
Pages: 8 - 14

Résumé

Abstract

Background: Following the sudden and unexpected loss of an infant or small child, the police usually request a forensic autopsy. National guidelines exist for how the autopsy report should be made available for the bereaved parents, but there is limited knowledge whether the guidelines are followed. This study aims to explore bereaved parents’ experiences of being informed about autopsy findings.

Methodology: As part of in-depth follow-up interviews at 13 months post-loss, 24 couples were asked how they experienced being informed about autopsy findings. Participants’ responses underwent thematic analysis.

Results: The results show that the waiting period before the autopsy report was made available was a burden for many parents, particularly those who experienced a delay in the process. Two main themes related to parents’ experiences of being informed when the report was available: ‘informed in a supportive and caring way’ and ‘difficult or negative experiences’.

Conclusion: Several factors are described that help parents cope with being informed about autopsy findings, such as: being informed according to the given timeframe by competent health personnel, face-to-face meetings at the hospital, being able to ask questions and routine follow-up contact. These factors are mostly described in the national guidelines. This study shows that when guidelines were followed, the majority of parents were satisfied with how they were informed. Unfortunately, some parents had negative experiences. Regular training and continuing education for health personnel are recommended.

Mots clés

  • SIDS
  • autopsy report
  • parents’ experience
  • bereavement
  • grief

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