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Volume 66 (2020): Edition 4 (December 2020)

Volume 66 (2020): Edition 3 (September 2020)

Volume 66 (2020): Edition 2 (June 2020)

Volume 66 (2020): Edition 1 (March 2020)

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Volume 65 (2019): Edition 3 (September 2019)

Volume 65 (2019): Edition 2 (June 2019)

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Volume 63 (2017): Edition 2 (June 2017)

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Volume 61 (2015): Edition 2 (April 2015)

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Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2385-8052
Première publication
22 Feb 2015
Période de publication
4 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

Volume 66 (2020): Edition 2 (June 2020)

Détails du magazine
Format
Magazine
eISSN
2385-8052
Première publication
22 Feb 2015
Période de publication
4 fois par an
Langues
Anglais

Chercher

6 Articles
Accès libre

CSR and Financial Performance – Linked by Innovative Activities

Publié en ligne: 04 Jul 2020
Pages: 1 - 14

Résumé

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationships between different dimensions of corporate social responsibility (CSR), as well as the mediating role of innovation between CSR dimensions and financial performance. Data was collected with questionnaires from 321 managers of Slovene companies to test a conceptual model with structural equation modeling (SEM). The field-research results were that CSR is the most relevant dimension for employees. It positively influences CSR to the natural environment, to customers, and to the local community. The mediating role of innovation between CSR and financial performance was confirmed. The results also showed that CSR to the natural environment and CSR to customers positively affect innovation, while CSR to the local community had a negative impact. In addition, the positive impact of innovation initiated by CSR on financial performance was confirmed. The principal limitation of this study was its focus on Slovenian firms and the fact that data was obtained from only one manager in each firm. Slovene companies should consider the global initiatives supportive of CSR as the way to create opportunities for innovation and differentiation from other companies and increase their financial performance. The conceptual model developed and tested on the data obtained by Slovene managers gives new perspective on the impacts of social responsibility, innovation and financial performance. It highlights the areas in which the theory of social responsibility needs more research.

Mots clés

  • corporate social responsibility (CSR)
  • Slovene companies
  • innovation
  • financial performance
  • structural equation modeling (SEM)

JEL Classification

  • M14
  • O3
  • M20
Accès libre

Quality of Family Life and Workplace Deviant Behaviour with Perceived Competence as a Mediator among University Staff

Publié en ligne: 04 Jul 2020
Pages: 15 - 27

Résumé

Abstract

Several studies have found a variety of factors as antecedents of deviant behaviour but the role of family life on workplace deviant behaviour, as well as the mediating role of perceived competence in the quality of family life-deviant behaviour relationship, have received little study. This study examines the mediating effect of perceived competence on the relationship between the quality of family life and work-deviant behaviour. The study adopted the wellness model and self-determination theory as theoretical standpoints. Three hundred and eight-four (384) university staff in Nigeria participated in the study. Results revealed that there was a significant negative relationship between the quality of family life and workplace deviant behaviour. The result of the hierarchical multiple regression also revealed that perceived competence mediates the link between the quality of family life and workplace deviant behaviour. These findings suggest that psychologists should design training programmes aimed at improving the sense of competence and quality of family life, which invariably will reduce workplace deviant behaviour.

Mots clés

  • quality of family life
  • perceived competence
  • workplace deviant behaviour
  • university employees

JEL Classification

  • F13
  • D2
  • O11
Accès libre

Regional Development of Rural Tourism: The Case of the Gorska Hrvatska Region

Publié en ligne: 04 Jul 2020
Pages: 28 - 41

Résumé

Abstract

An approach to sustainable tourism through clusters is considered an appropriate strategy in less-developed rural areas of tourist-oriented countries, such as Croatia. This paper clarifies the key challenges of the development of tourism clusters in the region of Gorska Hrvatska and provides new data for an approach to sustainable rural tourism development. Using available secondary data from governmental bodies, non-governmental organizations, protected areas of Gorska Hrvatska, and primary data of the Lika Destination Cluster, the paper explores the key challenges of developing a cluster of tourism and selective forms of tourism. Most tourism clusters in Croatia have remained in the first phase of development for years, even though this approach has failed to to achieve significant results. The key benefits of networking and branding in rural areas are identified and defined, but these potentials are still largely underutilized. The objective of this study is to provide practical recommendations to the Croatian tourism industry on how to learn from the suggested best practices and how to implement them effectively. For that purpose, the case of sustainable tourism located in the Gorska Hrvatska region, called the Lika Destination Cluster is analyzed.

Mots clés

  • rural tourism
  • Gorska Hrvatska
  • clusters
  • protected areas
  • competitiveness
  • Lika Destination Cluster
Accès libre

Fiscal Capacities of Large Cities in Croatia – Financial Support for Smart Cities

Publié en ligne: 04 Jul 2020
Pages: 42 - 49

Résumé

Abstract

In a dynamic market, the city has become a main source of competitiveness, along with financial and economic benefits. Due to the processes of digitalization, a new concept has been developed, namely smart cities. This concept delivers economic and financial potential, not only to cities, but also to urban and local economic development. Therefore, to ensure the establishment of this concept, local government units, i.e., cities, need to have enough financial resources. In addition, the fiscal capacity of their local budgets should be sufficient. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the fiscal capacity of large cities in Croatia over the 2016-2018 period, as well as to present the financial support through funding schemes for the establishment of smart cities. After calculating the level of fiscal capacity of large cities, the analysis revealed interesting results. Only four large cities (Split, Rijeka, Zadar and Pula) achieved positive fiscal capacity in the observed period. This provides evidence of fiscal performance and fiscal capacity for the establishment of smart cities. This concept will enhance the quality of life, stimulate economic growth, sustain local government budgets and create new value for both investors and the local population.

Mots clés

  • local government
  • smart cities
  • fiscal capacity
  • local economic development

JEL Classification

  • H71
  • H72
  • R51
Accès libre

Prospects and Challenges of Market Entry for Austrian Companies in an Emerging Market – the Case of Chile

Publié en ligne: 04 Jul 2020
Pages: 50 - 61

Résumé

Abstract

Chile is, compared to several other South American countries, geographically and demographically rather limited, but despite that it is the second most important trading and investment partner for Austria in this region. The aim of this paper is to gain firsthand insights into the motivations and perceptions of the entry of Austrian firms into the Chilean market by using an exploratory research approach.Interviews with thirteen qualified and experienced persons were conducted and analyzed, using Mayring’s qualitative content analysis. The Chilean market is an attractive opportunity for Austrian firms, as it performs quite well in international business environment rankings. The study results indicate a variety of motivationsfor entering the market, as well as diverse entry mode decisions based on numerous factors, together with a prevailing positive perception of the Chilean business environment. Several results probably cannot be generalized for the entire country, as the capital city is the center of business, and research in other regions of Chile might have different results. Challenges have been identified in the matters of language, distance, time, culture, recruitment, complexity, local partners and the indigenous population. Chile is a highly developed emerging market where doing business faces few obstacles. Therefore, the country represents a very attractive location in South America with great potential for Austrian companies.

Mots clés

  • market entry
  • internationalization
  • entry mode
  • business environment in Chile
  • emerging markets

JEL Classification

  • M16
  • F14
Accès libre

Value for Money in Organizations Providing Public Education Services and How to Measure It

Publié en ligne: 04 Jul 2020
Pages: 62 - 70

Résumé

Abstract

The public has put increased pressure on organizations providing public services to demonstrate the most productive use of resources, with due regard for value received. Education is no exception. This study focus on the presentation and evaluation of public organizations (public grammar schools in our case) in education on the basis of their economy, efficiency and effectiveness as one of the indicators of performance assessment. The methodology of Value For Money presented in this study can provide useful information about the situation of education for public forces and for public grammar schools themselves. Also, this methodology may help to gain a deeper insight into strengths of individual schools, as well as in which they can improve. A limitation of the concept of VFM is that performance evaluation is possible only between homogeneous services. The originality and value of the study are reflected in its focus on such topics as monitoring and measuring of performance for public service organizations (i.e., education services). It also provides a tool for districts and individual schools to gain information using indicators employed here for identifying and solving the performance problems that occur in education system of Slovakia.

Mots clés

  • performance
  • value for money
  • economy
  • efficiency
  • effectiveness
  • organizations providing public services
  • education

JEL Classification

  • H750
  • I210
  • I220
6 Articles
Accès libre

CSR and Financial Performance – Linked by Innovative Activities

Publié en ligne: 04 Jul 2020
Pages: 1 - 14

Résumé

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationships between different dimensions of corporate social responsibility (CSR), as well as the mediating role of innovation between CSR dimensions and financial performance. Data was collected with questionnaires from 321 managers of Slovene companies to test a conceptual model with structural equation modeling (SEM). The field-research results were that CSR is the most relevant dimension for employees. It positively influences CSR to the natural environment, to customers, and to the local community. The mediating role of innovation between CSR and financial performance was confirmed. The results also showed that CSR to the natural environment and CSR to customers positively affect innovation, while CSR to the local community had a negative impact. In addition, the positive impact of innovation initiated by CSR on financial performance was confirmed. The principal limitation of this study was its focus on Slovenian firms and the fact that data was obtained from only one manager in each firm. Slovene companies should consider the global initiatives supportive of CSR as the way to create opportunities for innovation and differentiation from other companies and increase their financial performance. The conceptual model developed and tested on the data obtained by Slovene managers gives new perspective on the impacts of social responsibility, innovation and financial performance. It highlights the areas in which the theory of social responsibility needs more research.

Mots clés

  • corporate social responsibility (CSR)
  • Slovene companies
  • innovation
  • financial performance
  • structural equation modeling (SEM)

JEL Classification

  • M14
  • O3
  • M20
Accès libre

Quality of Family Life and Workplace Deviant Behaviour with Perceived Competence as a Mediator among University Staff

Publié en ligne: 04 Jul 2020
Pages: 15 - 27

Résumé

Abstract

Several studies have found a variety of factors as antecedents of deviant behaviour but the role of family life on workplace deviant behaviour, as well as the mediating role of perceived competence in the quality of family life-deviant behaviour relationship, have received little study. This study examines the mediating effect of perceived competence on the relationship between the quality of family life and work-deviant behaviour. The study adopted the wellness model and self-determination theory as theoretical standpoints. Three hundred and eight-four (384) university staff in Nigeria participated in the study. Results revealed that there was a significant negative relationship between the quality of family life and workplace deviant behaviour. The result of the hierarchical multiple regression also revealed that perceived competence mediates the link between the quality of family life and workplace deviant behaviour. These findings suggest that psychologists should design training programmes aimed at improving the sense of competence and quality of family life, which invariably will reduce workplace deviant behaviour.

Mots clés

  • quality of family life
  • perceived competence
  • workplace deviant behaviour
  • university employees

JEL Classification

  • F13
  • D2
  • O11
Accès libre

Regional Development of Rural Tourism: The Case of the Gorska Hrvatska Region

Publié en ligne: 04 Jul 2020
Pages: 28 - 41

Résumé

Abstract

An approach to sustainable tourism through clusters is considered an appropriate strategy in less-developed rural areas of tourist-oriented countries, such as Croatia. This paper clarifies the key challenges of the development of tourism clusters in the region of Gorska Hrvatska and provides new data for an approach to sustainable rural tourism development. Using available secondary data from governmental bodies, non-governmental organizations, protected areas of Gorska Hrvatska, and primary data of the Lika Destination Cluster, the paper explores the key challenges of developing a cluster of tourism and selective forms of tourism. Most tourism clusters in Croatia have remained in the first phase of development for years, even though this approach has failed to to achieve significant results. The key benefits of networking and branding in rural areas are identified and defined, but these potentials are still largely underutilized. The objective of this study is to provide practical recommendations to the Croatian tourism industry on how to learn from the suggested best practices and how to implement them effectively. For that purpose, the case of sustainable tourism located in the Gorska Hrvatska region, called the Lika Destination Cluster is analyzed.

Mots clés

  • rural tourism
  • Gorska Hrvatska
  • clusters
  • protected areas
  • competitiveness
  • Lika Destination Cluster
Accès libre

Fiscal Capacities of Large Cities in Croatia – Financial Support for Smart Cities

Publié en ligne: 04 Jul 2020
Pages: 42 - 49

Résumé

Abstract

In a dynamic market, the city has become a main source of competitiveness, along with financial and economic benefits. Due to the processes of digitalization, a new concept has been developed, namely smart cities. This concept delivers economic and financial potential, not only to cities, but also to urban and local economic development. Therefore, to ensure the establishment of this concept, local government units, i.e., cities, need to have enough financial resources. In addition, the fiscal capacity of their local budgets should be sufficient. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the fiscal capacity of large cities in Croatia over the 2016-2018 period, as well as to present the financial support through funding schemes for the establishment of smart cities. After calculating the level of fiscal capacity of large cities, the analysis revealed interesting results. Only four large cities (Split, Rijeka, Zadar and Pula) achieved positive fiscal capacity in the observed period. This provides evidence of fiscal performance and fiscal capacity for the establishment of smart cities. This concept will enhance the quality of life, stimulate economic growth, sustain local government budgets and create new value for both investors and the local population.

Mots clés

  • local government
  • smart cities
  • fiscal capacity
  • local economic development

JEL Classification

  • H71
  • H72
  • R51
Accès libre

Prospects and Challenges of Market Entry for Austrian Companies in an Emerging Market – the Case of Chile

Publié en ligne: 04 Jul 2020
Pages: 50 - 61

Résumé

Abstract

Chile is, compared to several other South American countries, geographically and demographically rather limited, but despite that it is the second most important trading and investment partner for Austria in this region. The aim of this paper is to gain firsthand insights into the motivations and perceptions of the entry of Austrian firms into the Chilean market by using an exploratory research approach.Interviews with thirteen qualified and experienced persons were conducted and analyzed, using Mayring’s qualitative content analysis. The Chilean market is an attractive opportunity for Austrian firms, as it performs quite well in international business environment rankings. The study results indicate a variety of motivationsfor entering the market, as well as diverse entry mode decisions based on numerous factors, together with a prevailing positive perception of the Chilean business environment. Several results probably cannot be generalized for the entire country, as the capital city is the center of business, and research in other regions of Chile might have different results. Challenges have been identified in the matters of language, distance, time, culture, recruitment, complexity, local partners and the indigenous population. Chile is a highly developed emerging market where doing business faces few obstacles. Therefore, the country represents a very attractive location in South America with great potential for Austrian companies.

Mots clés

  • market entry
  • internationalization
  • entry mode
  • business environment in Chile
  • emerging markets

JEL Classification

  • M16
  • F14
Accès libre

Value for Money in Organizations Providing Public Education Services and How to Measure It

Publié en ligne: 04 Jul 2020
Pages: 62 - 70

Résumé

Abstract

The public has put increased pressure on organizations providing public services to demonstrate the most productive use of resources, with due regard for value received. Education is no exception. This study focus on the presentation and evaluation of public organizations (public grammar schools in our case) in education on the basis of their economy, efficiency and effectiveness as one of the indicators of performance assessment. The methodology of Value For Money presented in this study can provide useful information about the situation of education for public forces and for public grammar schools themselves. Also, this methodology may help to gain a deeper insight into strengths of individual schools, as well as in which they can improve. A limitation of the concept of VFM is that performance evaluation is possible only between homogeneous services. The originality and value of the study are reflected in its focus on such topics as monitoring and measuring of performance for public service organizations (i.e., education services). It also provides a tool for districts and individual schools to gain information using indicators employed here for identifying and solving the performance problems that occur in education system of Slovakia.

Mots clés

  • performance
  • value for money
  • economy
  • efficiency
  • effectiveness
  • organizations providing public services
  • education

JEL Classification

  • H750
  • I210
  • I220

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