Zeitschriften und Ausgaben

AHEAD OF PRINT

Volumen 10 (2021): Heft 1 (December 2021)

Volumen 9 (2020): Heft 1 (December 2020)

Volumen 8 (2019): Heft 2019 (December 2019)

Volumen 7 (2016): Heft 1 (December 2016)

Volumen 6 (2015): Heft 2 (December 2015)

Volumen 6 (2015): Heft 1 (June 2015)

Volumen 5 (2014): Heft 2 (December 2014)

Volumen 5 (2014): Heft 1 (June 2014)

Volumen 4 (2013): Heft 1 (December 2013)

Volumen 3 (2012): Heft 1 (December 2012)

Volumen 2 (2011): Heft 1 (December 2011)

Volumen 1 (2010): Heft 1 (December 2010)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
1799-3350
Erstveröffentlichung
15 Dec 2016
Erscheinungsweise
1 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

Volumen 9 (2020): Heft 1 (December 2020)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
1799-3350
Erstveröffentlichung
15 Dec 2016
Erscheinungsweise
1 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

5 Artikel

Research Article

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Predictors of Gaming Behavior among Military Peacekeepers – Exploring the Role of Boredom and Loneliness in Relation to Gaming Problems

Online veröffentlicht: 16 Jun 2017
Seitenbereich: 1 - 10

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The aim of the current study was to explore gaming problems in post-deployment veterans and to investigate whether boredom and loneliness can predict levels of gaming problems. The general well-being of veterans post their deployments to war zones is linked to an array of negative health consequences, and veterans may be at risk for developing gaming problems after homecomings. Problems that may be related to engagement in gaming include coping with negative emotions, such as boredom and loneliness, which are often faced by homecoming veterans as well. The sample in this study comprised Afghanistan veterans (N = 246), with a mean age of 37.5 years (standard deviation = 9.6 years), and 8.8% of the veterans showed symptoms indicative of problem gaming. This is not higher than that found in the general adult population in Norway. Logistic regression analyses showed that boredom proneness (lack of internal stimulation) and enhancement motivation were independent significant predictors of gaming problems, after controlling for age, gender, coping motivation, social motivation, anxiety, depression, loneliness, lack of external stimulation, hazardous drinking, and combat exposure. These factors accounted for as much as 65.8% of the variance in gaming problem status. We conclude that veterans who are highly motivated by enhancement motives and score low on lack of internal stimulation may be prone to developing gaming problems.

Schlüsselwörter

  • gaming
  • gaming motivation
  • loneliness
  • boredom
  • veterans
  • peacekeepers
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

War as nothing but a duel: war as an institution and the construction of the Western military profession

Online veröffentlicht: 26 Nov 2018
Seitenbereich: 11 - 23

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Like all repetitive human interaction, even war has been institutionalized and fought according to conventions and norms. Historically, this institutionalization is apparent from the way war has been compared to the duel, first in the 14th century and most famously by Carl von Clausewitz 5 centuries later. This article continues this train of thought and argues that the observed limits of Western “professional orthodoxy” and “strategic vocabulary” can be traced to how war has been institutionalized by the military profession. This offers an alternative explanation to the prevailing views of why the West has struggled in contemporary wars: it is the fundamental mismatch between these professional norms in the West and those held by their opponents that forms the biggest asymmetry in contemporary war. As this asymmetry is unlikely to disappear, these professional norms need to be reconsidered: just like the aristocracy with the duel by the late 19th century, the Western military profession appears stuck in an institution that is increasingly becoming obsolete. Without such reconsideration, the attainment of decision – the central strategic objective in war – and hence victory in future wars will remain uncertain.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Clausewitz
  • cultural sociology
  • duel
  • institutions
  • military culture
  • strategy
  • war
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Organizational challenges and leaders’ coping strategies: a qualitative study of Swedish military staff organization

Online veröffentlicht: 23 May 2018
Seitenbereich: 24 - 33

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Numerous societal change processes such as globalization, professionalization and social and technical acceleration have challenged military organizations. The aims of this study were to (1) gain a deeper understanding of coping strategies used by the military leaders at the strategic level to manage everyday organizational demands and (2) relate these strategies to multidisciplinary models of organizational challenges. Owing to an insufficiently developed base of research, an inductive approach was used. Interviews were performed with 23 Swedish brigadier generals and colonels. Five coping strategies were found for handling the negative organizational aspects: repair work, catching up, reproducing, using formal and informal strategies and managing loyalties. The theoretical concepts of narcissistic, anorectic and greedy organizations were used as a framework when interpreting the inductively generated coping strategies. It was suggested that the specific connection found between individual-level coping strategies and theoretically framed organizational challenges is new. The results of this study are discussed theoretically and may be valuable in educational settings when evaluating the working conditions and performance of high-level officers.

Schlüsselwörter

  • organizational challenges
  • leadership strategies
  • organizational narcissism
  • organizational anorexia
  • organizational greed
  • qualitative study
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Perception of specific military skills – the impact of perfectionism and self-efficacy

Online veröffentlicht: 04 Aug 2018
Seitenbereich: 34 - 48

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

We investigated the development of specific military skills in Norwegian cadets during the three-year military academy training as well as the impact of perfectionism and self-efficacy on the development of these skills. Latent growth-curve models were performed with perfectionism as a time-invariant predictor and with self-efficacy as a time-varying predictor. There were significant increases in the Individual Coping Capacity (ICC) and Cooperation in Difficult Situations (CDS) subscales but not in the Motivation to Achievement (MA) subscale. The initial skill levels were not related to the growth of the skills. Both adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism predicted initial values of ICC and CDS, explaining 5% of the variance in the initial ICC levels and 12% of the variance in the initial CDS levels. Perfectionism variables did not explain the development of the three types of military skills over time. Moreover, self-efficacy significantly predicted ICC at all time points and CDS and MA at all time points except at T3. We therefore concluded that cadets with high adaptive perfectionism scores are likely to have higher initial skill levels and that self-efficacious cadets are expected to show a greater development of military skills during military academy training.

Schlüsselwörter

  • military skills
  • cadets
  • perfectionism
  • self-efficacy
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Rethinking the unthinkable – revisiting theories of nuclear deterrence and escalation

Online veröffentlicht: 28 Dec 2018
Seitenbereich: 49 - 60

Zusammenfassung

5 Artikel

Research Article

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Predictors of Gaming Behavior among Military Peacekeepers – Exploring the Role of Boredom and Loneliness in Relation to Gaming Problems

Online veröffentlicht: 16 Jun 2017
Seitenbereich: 1 - 10

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The aim of the current study was to explore gaming problems in post-deployment veterans and to investigate whether boredom and loneliness can predict levels of gaming problems. The general well-being of veterans post their deployments to war zones is linked to an array of negative health consequences, and veterans may be at risk for developing gaming problems after homecomings. Problems that may be related to engagement in gaming include coping with negative emotions, such as boredom and loneliness, which are often faced by homecoming veterans as well. The sample in this study comprised Afghanistan veterans (N = 246), with a mean age of 37.5 years (standard deviation = 9.6 years), and 8.8% of the veterans showed symptoms indicative of problem gaming. This is not higher than that found in the general adult population in Norway. Logistic regression analyses showed that boredom proneness (lack of internal stimulation) and enhancement motivation were independent significant predictors of gaming problems, after controlling for age, gender, coping motivation, social motivation, anxiety, depression, loneliness, lack of external stimulation, hazardous drinking, and combat exposure. These factors accounted for as much as 65.8% of the variance in gaming problem status. We conclude that veterans who are highly motivated by enhancement motives and score low on lack of internal stimulation may be prone to developing gaming problems.

Schlüsselwörter

  • gaming
  • gaming motivation
  • loneliness
  • boredom
  • veterans
  • peacekeepers
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

War as nothing but a duel: war as an institution and the construction of the Western military profession

Online veröffentlicht: 26 Nov 2018
Seitenbereich: 11 - 23

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Like all repetitive human interaction, even war has been institutionalized and fought according to conventions and norms. Historically, this institutionalization is apparent from the way war has been compared to the duel, first in the 14th century and most famously by Carl von Clausewitz 5 centuries later. This article continues this train of thought and argues that the observed limits of Western “professional orthodoxy” and “strategic vocabulary” can be traced to how war has been institutionalized by the military profession. This offers an alternative explanation to the prevailing views of why the West has struggled in contemporary wars: it is the fundamental mismatch between these professional norms in the West and those held by their opponents that forms the biggest asymmetry in contemporary war. As this asymmetry is unlikely to disappear, these professional norms need to be reconsidered: just like the aristocracy with the duel by the late 19th century, the Western military profession appears stuck in an institution that is increasingly becoming obsolete. Without such reconsideration, the attainment of decision – the central strategic objective in war – and hence victory in future wars will remain uncertain.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Clausewitz
  • cultural sociology
  • duel
  • institutions
  • military culture
  • strategy
  • war
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Organizational challenges and leaders’ coping strategies: a qualitative study of Swedish military staff organization

Online veröffentlicht: 23 May 2018
Seitenbereich: 24 - 33

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Numerous societal change processes such as globalization, professionalization and social and technical acceleration have challenged military organizations. The aims of this study were to (1) gain a deeper understanding of coping strategies used by the military leaders at the strategic level to manage everyday organizational demands and (2) relate these strategies to multidisciplinary models of organizational challenges. Owing to an insufficiently developed base of research, an inductive approach was used. Interviews were performed with 23 Swedish brigadier generals and colonels. Five coping strategies were found for handling the negative organizational aspects: repair work, catching up, reproducing, using formal and informal strategies and managing loyalties. The theoretical concepts of narcissistic, anorectic and greedy organizations were used as a framework when interpreting the inductively generated coping strategies. It was suggested that the specific connection found between individual-level coping strategies and theoretically framed organizational challenges is new. The results of this study are discussed theoretically and may be valuable in educational settings when evaluating the working conditions and performance of high-level officers.

Schlüsselwörter

  • organizational challenges
  • leadership strategies
  • organizational narcissism
  • organizational anorexia
  • organizational greed
  • qualitative study
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Perception of specific military skills – the impact of perfectionism and self-efficacy

Online veröffentlicht: 04 Aug 2018
Seitenbereich: 34 - 48

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

We investigated the development of specific military skills in Norwegian cadets during the three-year military academy training as well as the impact of perfectionism and self-efficacy on the development of these skills. Latent growth-curve models were performed with perfectionism as a time-invariant predictor and with self-efficacy as a time-varying predictor. There were significant increases in the Individual Coping Capacity (ICC) and Cooperation in Difficult Situations (CDS) subscales but not in the Motivation to Achievement (MA) subscale. The initial skill levels were not related to the growth of the skills. Both adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism predicted initial values of ICC and CDS, explaining 5% of the variance in the initial ICC levels and 12% of the variance in the initial CDS levels. Perfectionism variables did not explain the development of the three types of military skills over time. Moreover, self-efficacy significantly predicted ICC at all time points and CDS and MA at all time points except at T3. We therefore concluded that cadets with high adaptive perfectionism scores are likely to have higher initial skill levels and that self-efficacious cadets are expected to show a greater development of military skills during military academy training.

Schlüsselwörter

  • military skills
  • cadets
  • perfectionism
  • self-efficacy
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Rethinking the unthinkable – revisiting theories of nuclear deterrence and escalation

Online veröffentlicht: 28 Dec 2018
Seitenbereich: 49 - 60

Zusammenfassung

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