1. bookVolume 13 (2019): Issue 2 (December 2019)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2228-0987
First Published
16 Apr 2016
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

A Folklorist in the Soviet Spotlight

Published Online: 05 Dec 2019
Volume & Issue: Volume 13 (2019) - Issue 2 (December 2019)
Page range: 16 - 32
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2228-0987
First Published
16 Apr 2016
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The article seeks to illuminate the ideologically motivated circumstances of Latvian folklore studies during the period of unconditional Soviet totalitarianism. With the strengthening of the Soviet occupation regime in Latvia in the late 1940s, many interwar folklorists became victims of ideologically motivated disdain and subsequent career limitation. ‘Bourgeois’ scholarship and the methods applied in folklore studies during the interwar period were denounced and recognised as harmful to the new Soviet order. The central part of the article presents a case study of one individual folklorist of the time, Anna Bērzkalne (1891–1956). Both increasing criticism of Bērzkalne’s folklore research approach (the historical–geographical method) and her efforts to accommodate the requirements of the Soviet regime have been analysed.

Keywords

Aarne, Antti. 1910. Verzeichnis der Märchentypen. FF Communications 3. Helsinki: Suomalaisen Tiedeakatemian toimituksia.Search in Google Scholar

Bērzkalne, Anna. 1942. Dziesma par žēlumā nomirušo puisi. Rīga: Latvju Grāmata.Search in Google Scholar

Bleiere, Daina. 2006. Represijas pret Latvijas iedzīvotājiem 1944.–1965. gadā. – Latvijas Vēstures Institūta Žurnāls 1: 110–135.Search in Google Scholar

Bula, Dace, ed. 2014. Latviešu folkloristika starpkaru periodā. Rīga: Zinātne.Search in Google Scholar

Bula, Dace, ed. 2017. Latvian Folkloristics in the Interwar Period. Folklore Fellows’ Communications 313. Helsinki: Academia Scientiarum Fennica.Search in Google Scholar

Bunkše, Edmunds V. 1979. Latvian Folkloristics. – The Journal of American Folklore 92 (364): 196–214. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/539388.10.2307/539388Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Ekmanis, Rolfs. 1959. Padomju mitoloģija Latvijā. – Jaunā Gaita 21: 116–118.Search in Google Scholar

Gale Carpenter, Inta. 1988. Being Latvian in Exile: Folklore as Ideology. A PhD Dissertation. Indiana University.Search in Google Scholar

Gale Carpenter, Inta. 2017. Folklore as a Source for Creating Exile Identity among Latvian Displaced Persons in Post-World War II Germany. – Journal of Baltic Studies 48: 205–233. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01629778.2016.1196379.10.1080/01629778.2016.1196379Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Goršič, Ave. 2018. The Position of Folk Belief in Estonian Folkloristics during the Soviet Era. – Visions and Traditions: Knowledge Production and Tradition Archives. Folklore Fellows’ Communications 315, edited by Lauri Harvilahti, Audun Kjus, Clíona O’Carroll, Susanne Österlund-Pötzsch, Fredrik Skott and Rita Treija. Helsinki: Academia Scientiarum Fennica, 122–140.Search in Google Scholar

Infantjevs, Boriss. 1950. Padomju Latvijas folkloristu sasniegumi 10 gados. – Latvijas PSR Zinātņu Akadēmijas Vēstis 7: 176–178.Search in Google Scholar

Kaeser, Marc-Antoine. 2008. Biography as Microhistory: The Relevance of Private Archives for Writing the History of Achaeology. – Archives. Ancestors. Practices: Archaeology in the Light of its History, edited by Nathan Schlanger and Jarl Nordbladh. New York, NY; Oxford: Berghahn Books, 9–20.Search in Google Scholar

Kalniņa, Ieva. 2007. Latviešu padomju folkloras konstrukcija. – Kultūra un vara: Raksti par valodu, literatūru, tradicionālo kultūru, compiled by Janīna Kursīte and Jolanta Stauga. Rīga: LU Akadēmiskais apgāds, 30–40.Search in Google Scholar

Ķencis, Toms. 2017. The Soviet Project of New Folklore. – Mapping the History of Folklore Studies: Centers, Borderlands and Shared Spaces, edited by Dace Bula and Sandis Laime. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholar Publishing, 154–169.Search in Google Scholar

Ķencis, Toms. 2019. Vācot padomju folkloru. Rīga: LU Literatūras, folkloras un mākslas institūts.Search in Google Scholar

Keruss, Jānis. 2011. Sovjetizācija (1944–1956). – Latvijas Universitātes Vēstures un filozofijas fakultātes vēsture padomju laikā: personības, struktūras, idejas (1944–1991), edited by Jānis Keruss, Ineta Lipša, Inese Runce and Kaspars Zellis. 2nd edn. Rīga: LU Akadēmiskais apgāds, 87–129.Search in Google Scholar

Klein, Barbro. 2017. Baltic Folklorists and Ethnologists in Sweden: Reflections and Scholarship in Exile and Discipline Formation. – Mapping the History of Folklore Studies: Centers, Borderlands and Shared Spaces, edited by Dace Bula and Sandis Laime. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholar Publishing, 85–110.Search in Google Scholar

Klotiņš, Arnolds. 2018. Mūzika pēckara staļinismā: Latvijas mūzikas dzīve un jaunrade 1944–1953. Rīga: LU Literatūras, folkloras un mākslas institūts.Search in Google Scholar

Korb, Anu. 2017. On Instructing Collectors of Estonian Folklore under the Soviet Regime. – Mapping the History of Folklore Studies: Centers, Borderlands and Shared Spaces, edited by Dace Bula and Sandis Laime. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholar Publishing, 111–131.Search in Google Scholar

Kulasalu, Kaisa. 2017. Sovietisation of Folkloristics in Late Stalinist Estonia. – Mapping the History of Folklore Studies: Centers, Borderlands and Shared Spaces, edited by Dace Bula and Sandis Laime. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholar Publishing, 132–153.Search in Google Scholar

Miller, Frank J. 1980. The Image of Stalin in Soviet Russian Folklore. – The Russian Review 1: 50–67. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/128551.10.2307/128551Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Niedre, Jānis. 1947. Reakcionārās teorijas latviešu folkloristikā. – Karogs 5: 462–467.Search in Google Scholar

Niedre, Jānis. 1948. Docentes Annas Bērzkalnes “lieta”. – Literatūra un Māksla, May 16: 6.Search in Google Scholar

Niedre, Jānis. 1951a. Latviešu folkloristikas attīstība un cīņa ar “somu skolas” paliekām. – Latvijas PSR Zinātņu Akadēmijas Vēstis 8: 1199–1210.Search in Google Scholar

Niedre, Jānis. 1951b. Baltijas padomju folkloristu konferencei sanākot. – Literatūra un Māksla March 25: 1.Search in Google Scholar

Panchenko, Alexander. 2005. The Cult of Lenin and “Soviet Folklore”. – Folklorica X (1): 18–38.Search in Google Scholar

Rešals, M. 1947. Profesora J. A. Jansona “personīgie” uzskati. – Literatūra un Māksla, May 16: 3.Search in Google Scholar

Saarlo, Liina. 2018. Changing Practices of Folk Song Collection Manifested in the Estonian Kodavere Regilaul Corpus. – Visions and Traditions: Knowledge Production and Tradition Archives. Folklore Fellows’ Communications 315, edited by Lauri Harvilahti, Audun Kjus, Clíona O’Carroll, Susanne Österlund-Pötzsch, Fredrik Skott and Rita Treija. Helsinki: Academia Scientiarum Fennica, 81–100.Search in Google Scholar

Sokolov, Yuriy Matveyevich. 1938. Russkiy fol’klor: Uchebnik dlya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Moskva: Uchpedgiz. [Соколов, Юрий Матвеевич. 1938. Русский фольклор: Учебник для высших учебных заведений. Москва: Учпедгиз.]Search in Google Scholar

Sorokina, Marina Yu. 2011. Within Two Tyrannies: The Soviet Academic Refugees of the Second World War. – Proceedings of the British Academy 169: 225–238. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5871/bacad/9780197264812.003.0015.10.5871/bacad/9780197264812.003.0015Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Stamati, Iurie. 2015. Two Chapters in the Sovietization of Romanian Archaeology (From the Late 1940s to the Mid-1950s). – Arcaeologia Bulgarica XIX (1): 81–95.Search in Google Scholar

Stradiņš Jānis. 2004. Totalitāro okupācijas režīmu represijas pret Latvijas zinātni un akadēmiskajām aprindām (1940–1945). – Latvijas Vēsturnieku komisijas raksti 13. Rīga: Latvijas vēstures institūta apgāds, 130–164.Search in Google Scholar

Šneidere, Irēne. 2003. Sabiedriskā doma Latvijā: ieskats pirmajos pēckara gados. – Latvijas Vēstures Institūta Žurnāls 2: 99–115.Search in Google Scholar

Treija, Rita. 2017. Anna Bērzkalne (1891–1956). – Latvian Folkloristics in the Interwar Period. Folklore Fellows’ Communications 313, edited by Dace Bula. Helsinki: Academia Scientiarum Fennica, 168–176.Search in Google Scholar

Treija, Rita. 2018. Anna Bērzkalne. Rīga: Zinātne.Search in Google Scholar

Vidutis, Ričardas. 1987. Jonas Balys. Lietuvių žemdirbystės papročiai ir tikėjimai. Silver Spring, MD: Lithuanian Folklore Publishers.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo