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Informacje o czasopiśmie
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
2300-5319
Pierwsze wydanie
22 Jan 2014
Częstotliwość wydawania
4 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski

Wyszukiwanie

Tom 9 (2015): Zeszyt 2 (June 2015)

Informacje o czasopiśmie
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
2300-5319
Pierwsze wydanie
22 Jan 2014
Częstotliwość wydawania
4 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski

Wyszukiwanie

10 Artykułów
access type Otwarty dostęp

Magneto Convection in a Layer of Nanofluid With Soret Effect

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 63 - 69

Abstrakt

Abstract

Double diffusive convection in a horizontal layer of nanofluid in the presence of uniform vertical magnetic field with Soret effect is investigated for more realistic boundary conditions. The flux of volume fraction of nanoparticles is taken to be zero on the isothermal boundaries. The normal mode method is used to find linear stability analysis for the fluid layer. Oscillatory convection is ruled out because of the absence of the two opposing buoyancy forces. Graphs have been plotted to find the effects of various parameters on the stationary convection and it is found that magnetic field, solutal Rayleigh number and nanofluid Lewis number stabilizes fluid layer, while Soret effect, Lewis number, modified diffusivity ratio and nanoparticle Rayleigh number destabilize the fluid layer.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Nanofluid
  • Zero-Flux
  • Soret Effect
  • Nanofluid Lewis Number
  • Chandrasekhar Number
  • Magnetic Field
  • Galerkin Method
access type Otwarty dostęp

Modeling of the Tension and Compression Behavior of Sintered 316L Using Micro Computed Tomography

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 70 - 74

Abstrakt

Abstract

This paper describes the method of numerical modeling of the tension and compression behavior of sintered 316L. In order to take into account the shape of the mesostructures of materials in the numerical modeling, X-ray microtomography was used. Based on the micro-CT images, three-dimensional geometrical models mapped shapes of the porosity were generated. To the numerical calculations was used finite element method. Based on the received stress and strain fields was described the mechanism of deformation of the materials until fracture. The influence of material discontinuities at the mesoscopic scale on macromechanical properties of the porous materials was investigated.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Finite Element Method
  • X-Ray Microtomography
  • Porous Materials
  • Mechanical Properties
  • Plasticity
access type Otwarty dostęp

Application of Analytical Solution for Extended Surfaces on Curved and Squared Ribs

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 75 - 83

Abstrakt

Abstract

The presented article discusses how to increase heat transfer through ribbed surfaces and it is oriented to the mathematical representation of temperature fields and the total thermal flow. The complexity of solving for some types of ribs with variable cross-section requires the application of numerical methods, which are applied consequently to the planar rib as well. In this case there was chosen the finite- difference method (FDM). During solution of the cylindrical ribs the FDM method is preferably used directly with regard to the complexity of solving for infinite sums and improper integrals in Bessel functions. In conclusion is assessed the application suitability of the calculation procedure applied to curved ribs. This procedure is usually used to planar ribs. At the same time it is pointed out the possibility of using this method for calculation of the total thermal flow through cylindrical ribs, which have got the squared form.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Temperature Field
  • Thermal Flow
  • Numerical Solution
  • Finite-Difference Method
access type Otwarty dostęp

Friction-Induced Oscillations of a Non-Asbestos Organic Pin Sliding on a Steel Disc

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 84 - 88

Abstrakt

Abstract

Friction-induced oscillations result in deterioration of performance of disc brakes and are generally undesired. We conduct experimental study of friction-induced oscillations in a non-asbestos organic material / steel pair used in disc brakes of motor vehicles. The tests are done by use of a pin-on-disc machine in which the pin sample is supported on a deformable beam. The adjustable friction parameters are the disc velocity, contact pressure and temperature. The tests show that the friction coefficient decreases with the sliding velocity and increases with the temperature. The friction-induced tangential oscillation of the pin sample occurs with a frequency equal to the first natural frequency of the beam. The effects of the disc velocity and temperature on the oscillation characteristics are investigated. The oscillation amplitude increases with the disc velocity on the interval of velocities below 2 m/s. Temperature changes of several tens of degrees Celsius lead to the oscillation occurrence / decay. The obtained results can be useful for prognostication of friction-induced oscillations in disc brakes with non-asbestos organic pads.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Friction-Induced Oscillation
  • Pin-On-Disc Machine
  • Non-Asbestos Organic Material
  • Sliding Velocity
  • Temperature
access type Otwarty dostęp

Theoretical Analysis of Magnetorheological Damper Characteristics in Squeeze Mode

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 89 - 92

Abstrakt

Abstract

The paper summarises the theoretical study of a magnetorheological (MR) damper operated in squeeze mode, intended to be used as an actuator in a semi-active mount system in a car motor. The structural design and operating principle of the damper are described and a simplified model of the MR fluid flow in the gap is presented. The plots of the damper force generated by the MR damper are obtained for monoharmonic piston motion with respect to the centre point of the gap height and in the conditions of the control coil being supplied with direct current.

Słowa kluczowe

  • MR Damper
  • Squeeze Mode
  • Gap
  • Force
  • Characteristic
access type Otwarty dostęp

Integrated Multimotor Electrical DC Drive for Metallurgical Rolling Table

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 93 - 98

Abstrakt

Abstract

A drive system of a section of a metallurgical rolling table consisting of six dc motors, 2220 amperes of total current, fed from a single ABB reversible thyristor converter has been described in this paper. Autonomous excitation circuits of the motors are fed from independent thyristor converters working in the so called MULTIFEX system linked with a supervisory high power converter. There are presented schemes of the DSL communication realized by FEX excitation cards of the motors using the SDSC card of the DCS-800-S02 converter and logic control system based on a PLC controller. The parameterization of the DCS-800 converter and the DCF 803 excitation systems was conducted using the DriveWindow software tool. Significant waveforms of voltages, currents and the estimated motor velocity are described and presented for the idle run as well as during transporting sheets discharged from a pusher furnace.

Słowa kluczowe

  • DC Drive System
  • Rolling Table
  • FEX Excitation System
  • Drivewindow Software
access type Otwarty dostęp

Detection of Two-Phase Flow Patterns in a Vertical Minichannel Using the Recurrence Quantification Analysis

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 99 - 104

Abstrakt

Abstract

The two-phase flow (water-air) occurring in square minichannel (3x3 mm) has been analysed. In the minichannel it has been observed: bubbly flow, flow of confined bubbles, flow of elongated bubbles, slug flow and semi-annular flow. The time series recorded by laser-phototransistor sensor was analysed using the recurrence quantification analysis. The two coefficients:Recurrence rate (RR) and Determinism (DET) have been used for identification of differences between the dynamics of two-phase flow patterns. The algorithm which has been used normalizes the analysed time series before calculating the recurrence plots.Therefore in analysis the quantitative signal characteristicswas neglected. Despite of the neglect of quantitative signal characteristics the analysis of its dynamics (chart of DET vs. RR) allows to identify the two-phase flow patterns. This confirms that this type of analysis can be used to identify the two-phase flow patterns in minichannels.

Keywords

  • Two-Phase Flow
  • Recurrence Plot
  • Recurrence Quantification Analysis
access type Otwarty dostęp

Comparative Analysis of Two Methods of Assessment Wear of Dental Materials

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 105 - 109

Abstrakt

Abstract

Wear of dental materials used for permanent dental fillings has a significant impact on their lifetime. Wear products generated during chewing process involving direct tribological contact between a composite and tooth enamel can cause damage not only to enamel itself but also to the entire tooth structure thus affecting the patient’s the health. It is essential therefore to assess the process of wear rates as well as the usefulness and effectiveness of the method used to measure these values. As there are a number of different methods used to quantify the loss of dental materials subjected to friction, eg.: scanning digital 3D models of dental casts, confocal microscope scanning or profilographometer measurements, the authors chose to analyze two selected research methods using confocal microscopy and profilographometer to assess their effectiveness. Two commercially available composite dental materials, i.e. ES and FFE previously subjected to friction tests in contact with human dental enamel, were used for the analysis.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Tooth Enamel
  • Dental Material
  • Wear
  • Friction
  • Profilografometer
  • Confocal Microscope
access type Otwarty dostęp

Accuracy Assessment for Cad Modeling of Freeform Surface Described by Equation

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 110 - 114

Abstrakt

Abstract

This paper presents the results of comparative analysis of modeling accuracy the freeform surface constructed by using a variety of algorithms for surface modeling. Also determined the accuracy of mapping the theoretical freeform surface described by mathematical equation. To model surface objects used: SolidWorks 2012, CATIA v5 and Geomagic Studio 12. During the design process of CAD models were used: profile curves, fitting parametric surface and polygonal mesh. To assess the accuracy of the CAD models used Geomagic Qualify 12. On the basis of analyse defined the scope of application of each modeling techniques depending on the nature of the constructed object.

Słowa kluczowe

  • B-Spline
  • CAD Model
  • Cloud of Points
  • Reverse Engineering
  • NURBS
  • Surface Reconstruction
  • Triangulation
access type Otwarty dostęp

Antiplane Deformation of a Bimaterial Containing an Interfacial Crack with the Account of Friction I. Single Loading

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 115 - 121

Abstrakt

Abstract

The paper presents the exact analytic solution to the antiplane problem for a non-homogeneous bimaterial medium containing closed interfacial cracks, which faces can move relatively to each other with dry friction. The medium is subjected to the action of normal and arbitrary single loading in a longitudinal direction. Based on the discontinuity function method the problem is reduced to the solution of the system of singular integral-differential equations for stress and displacement discontinuities at the possible slippage zones. Influence of loading parameters and the effects of friction on the sizes of these zones is analyzed. The stress intensity factors, stress and displacement discontinuities, energy dissipation are determined for several characteristic types of external loading.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Friction
  • Interfacial Crack
  • Energy Dissipation
  • Stress Intensity Factor
  • Antiplane Deformation
  • Longitudinal Shear
  • Bimaterial
  • Discontinuity Functions
10 Artykułów
access type Otwarty dostęp

Magneto Convection in a Layer of Nanofluid With Soret Effect

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 63 - 69

Abstrakt

Abstract

Double diffusive convection in a horizontal layer of nanofluid in the presence of uniform vertical magnetic field with Soret effect is investigated for more realistic boundary conditions. The flux of volume fraction of nanoparticles is taken to be zero on the isothermal boundaries. The normal mode method is used to find linear stability analysis for the fluid layer. Oscillatory convection is ruled out because of the absence of the two opposing buoyancy forces. Graphs have been plotted to find the effects of various parameters on the stationary convection and it is found that magnetic field, solutal Rayleigh number and nanofluid Lewis number stabilizes fluid layer, while Soret effect, Lewis number, modified diffusivity ratio and nanoparticle Rayleigh number destabilize the fluid layer.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Nanofluid
  • Zero-Flux
  • Soret Effect
  • Nanofluid Lewis Number
  • Chandrasekhar Number
  • Magnetic Field
  • Galerkin Method
access type Otwarty dostęp

Modeling of the Tension and Compression Behavior of Sintered 316L Using Micro Computed Tomography

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 70 - 74

Abstrakt

Abstract

This paper describes the method of numerical modeling of the tension and compression behavior of sintered 316L. In order to take into account the shape of the mesostructures of materials in the numerical modeling, X-ray microtomography was used. Based on the micro-CT images, three-dimensional geometrical models mapped shapes of the porosity were generated. To the numerical calculations was used finite element method. Based on the received stress and strain fields was described the mechanism of deformation of the materials until fracture. The influence of material discontinuities at the mesoscopic scale on macromechanical properties of the porous materials was investigated.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Finite Element Method
  • X-Ray Microtomography
  • Porous Materials
  • Mechanical Properties
  • Plasticity
access type Otwarty dostęp

Application of Analytical Solution for Extended Surfaces on Curved and Squared Ribs

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 75 - 83

Abstrakt

Abstract

The presented article discusses how to increase heat transfer through ribbed surfaces and it is oriented to the mathematical representation of temperature fields and the total thermal flow. The complexity of solving for some types of ribs with variable cross-section requires the application of numerical methods, which are applied consequently to the planar rib as well. In this case there was chosen the finite- difference method (FDM). During solution of the cylindrical ribs the FDM method is preferably used directly with regard to the complexity of solving for infinite sums and improper integrals in Bessel functions. In conclusion is assessed the application suitability of the calculation procedure applied to curved ribs. This procedure is usually used to planar ribs. At the same time it is pointed out the possibility of using this method for calculation of the total thermal flow through cylindrical ribs, which have got the squared form.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Temperature Field
  • Thermal Flow
  • Numerical Solution
  • Finite-Difference Method
access type Otwarty dostęp

Friction-Induced Oscillations of a Non-Asbestos Organic Pin Sliding on a Steel Disc

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 84 - 88

Abstrakt

Abstract

Friction-induced oscillations result in deterioration of performance of disc brakes and are generally undesired. We conduct experimental study of friction-induced oscillations in a non-asbestos organic material / steel pair used in disc brakes of motor vehicles. The tests are done by use of a pin-on-disc machine in which the pin sample is supported on a deformable beam. The adjustable friction parameters are the disc velocity, contact pressure and temperature. The tests show that the friction coefficient decreases with the sliding velocity and increases with the temperature. The friction-induced tangential oscillation of the pin sample occurs with a frequency equal to the first natural frequency of the beam. The effects of the disc velocity and temperature on the oscillation characteristics are investigated. The oscillation amplitude increases with the disc velocity on the interval of velocities below 2 m/s. Temperature changes of several tens of degrees Celsius lead to the oscillation occurrence / decay. The obtained results can be useful for prognostication of friction-induced oscillations in disc brakes with non-asbestos organic pads.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Friction-Induced Oscillation
  • Pin-On-Disc Machine
  • Non-Asbestos Organic Material
  • Sliding Velocity
  • Temperature
access type Otwarty dostęp

Theoretical Analysis of Magnetorheological Damper Characteristics in Squeeze Mode

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 89 - 92

Abstrakt

Abstract

The paper summarises the theoretical study of a magnetorheological (MR) damper operated in squeeze mode, intended to be used as an actuator in a semi-active mount system in a car motor. The structural design and operating principle of the damper are described and a simplified model of the MR fluid flow in the gap is presented. The plots of the damper force generated by the MR damper are obtained for monoharmonic piston motion with respect to the centre point of the gap height and in the conditions of the control coil being supplied with direct current.

Słowa kluczowe

  • MR Damper
  • Squeeze Mode
  • Gap
  • Force
  • Characteristic
access type Otwarty dostęp

Integrated Multimotor Electrical DC Drive for Metallurgical Rolling Table

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 93 - 98

Abstrakt

Abstract

A drive system of a section of a metallurgical rolling table consisting of six dc motors, 2220 amperes of total current, fed from a single ABB reversible thyristor converter has been described in this paper. Autonomous excitation circuits of the motors are fed from independent thyristor converters working in the so called MULTIFEX system linked with a supervisory high power converter. There are presented schemes of the DSL communication realized by FEX excitation cards of the motors using the SDSC card of the DCS-800-S02 converter and logic control system based on a PLC controller. The parameterization of the DCS-800 converter and the DCF 803 excitation systems was conducted using the DriveWindow software tool. Significant waveforms of voltages, currents and the estimated motor velocity are described and presented for the idle run as well as during transporting sheets discharged from a pusher furnace.

Słowa kluczowe

  • DC Drive System
  • Rolling Table
  • FEX Excitation System
  • Drivewindow Software
access type Otwarty dostęp

Detection of Two-Phase Flow Patterns in a Vertical Minichannel Using the Recurrence Quantification Analysis

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 99 - 104

Abstrakt

Abstract

The two-phase flow (water-air) occurring in square minichannel (3x3 mm) has been analysed. In the minichannel it has been observed: bubbly flow, flow of confined bubbles, flow of elongated bubbles, slug flow and semi-annular flow. The time series recorded by laser-phototransistor sensor was analysed using the recurrence quantification analysis. The two coefficients:Recurrence rate (RR) and Determinism (DET) have been used for identification of differences between the dynamics of two-phase flow patterns. The algorithm which has been used normalizes the analysed time series before calculating the recurrence plots.Therefore in analysis the quantitative signal characteristicswas neglected. Despite of the neglect of quantitative signal characteristics the analysis of its dynamics (chart of DET vs. RR) allows to identify the two-phase flow patterns. This confirms that this type of analysis can be used to identify the two-phase flow patterns in minichannels.

Keywords

  • Two-Phase Flow
  • Recurrence Plot
  • Recurrence Quantification Analysis
access type Otwarty dostęp

Comparative Analysis of Two Methods of Assessment Wear of Dental Materials

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 105 - 109

Abstrakt

Abstract

Wear of dental materials used for permanent dental fillings has a significant impact on their lifetime. Wear products generated during chewing process involving direct tribological contact between a composite and tooth enamel can cause damage not only to enamel itself but also to the entire tooth structure thus affecting the patient’s the health. It is essential therefore to assess the process of wear rates as well as the usefulness and effectiveness of the method used to measure these values. As there are a number of different methods used to quantify the loss of dental materials subjected to friction, eg.: scanning digital 3D models of dental casts, confocal microscope scanning or profilographometer measurements, the authors chose to analyze two selected research methods using confocal microscopy and profilographometer to assess their effectiveness. Two commercially available composite dental materials, i.e. ES and FFE previously subjected to friction tests in contact with human dental enamel, were used for the analysis.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Tooth Enamel
  • Dental Material
  • Wear
  • Friction
  • Profilografometer
  • Confocal Microscope
access type Otwarty dostęp

Accuracy Assessment for Cad Modeling of Freeform Surface Described by Equation

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 110 - 114

Abstrakt

Abstract

This paper presents the results of comparative analysis of modeling accuracy the freeform surface constructed by using a variety of algorithms for surface modeling. Also determined the accuracy of mapping the theoretical freeform surface described by mathematical equation. To model surface objects used: SolidWorks 2012, CATIA v5 and Geomagic Studio 12. During the design process of CAD models were used: profile curves, fitting parametric surface and polygonal mesh. To assess the accuracy of the CAD models used Geomagic Qualify 12. On the basis of analyse defined the scope of application of each modeling techniques depending on the nature of the constructed object.

Słowa kluczowe

  • B-Spline
  • CAD Model
  • Cloud of Points
  • Reverse Engineering
  • NURBS
  • Surface Reconstruction
  • Triangulation
access type Otwarty dostęp

Antiplane Deformation of a Bimaterial Containing an Interfacial Crack with the Account of Friction I. Single Loading

Data publikacji: 14 Aug 2015
Zakres stron: 115 - 121

Abstrakt

Abstract

The paper presents the exact analytic solution to the antiplane problem for a non-homogeneous bimaterial medium containing closed interfacial cracks, which faces can move relatively to each other with dry friction. The medium is subjected to the action of normal and arbitrary single loading in a longitudinal direction. Based on the discontinuity function method the problem is reduced to the solution of the system of singular integral-differential equations for stress and displacement discontinuities at the possible slippage zones. Influence of loading parameters and the effects of friction on the sizes of these zones is analyzed. The stress intensity factors, stress and displacement discontinuities, energy dissipation are determined for several characteristic types of external loading.

Słowa kluczowe

  • Friction
  • Interfacial Crack
  • Energy Dissipation
  • Stress Intensity Factor
  • Antiplane Deformation
  • Longitudinal Shear
  • Bimaterial
  • Discontinuity Functions

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