1. bookTom 14 (1990): Zeszyt 6 (June 1990)
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A Review of the Uses of Nuclear Radiation in Tobacco and Smoke Research

Data publikacji: 06 Jan 2015
Tom & Zeszyt: Tom 14 (1990) - Zeszyt 6 (June 1990)
Zakres stron: 353 - 378
Otrzymano: 23 Jan 1989
Przyjęty: 11 Apr 1989
Informacje o czasopiśmie
License
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
2719-9509
Pierwsze wydanie
01 Jan 1992
Częstotliwość wydawania
4 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski

1. Jenkins, R. W., Jr., R. A, Comes and R, T. Bass: The use of carbon-14 labeled compounds m smoke precursor studies — A review; Recent Adv. Tob. Sci. 1 (1976) 1-30. Search in Google Scholar

2. Larson, P. S., and E. S, Harlow: Some current applications of carbon-14 to animal and human physiological research — Studies with tobacco and its constituents; Radioisotopes in Scientific Research 3 (1958) 62—78. Search in Google Scholar

3. Houseman, T. H,: Studies of cigarette smoke transfer using radioisotopically labelled tobacco constituents, II. The transference of radioisotopically labelled nicotine to cigarette smoke; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 7 (1973) 142—147. Search in Google Scholar

4. Thornton, R. E., and S. R. Massey: Some effects of adding sugar to tobacco; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 8 (1975) 11-15. Search in Google Scholar

5. Schmeltz, I., A. Wenger, D. Hoffmann and T. C. Tso: Chemical studies on tobacco smoke, 63. The fate of nicotine during pyrolysis and in a burning cigarette; J, Agric. Food Chem. 27 (1979) 602— 608. Search in Google Scholar

6. Jenkins, R. W., Jr., R. H. Newman and M. K. Chavis: Cigarette smoke formation studies, II. Smoke distribution and mainstream pyrolyt-ic composition of added 14C-menthol (U); Beitr. Tabakforsch. 5 (1970) 299—301. Search in Google Scholar

7. Curran, J. G., and J. E. Kiefer: A method for measuring the elution of nicotine and total particulate matter from a cigarette filter; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 7 (1973) 29—35. Search in Google Scholar

8. Newell, M. P., P, H. Latimer and R. J. Haefele: The fate of menthol in cigarette smoke; presented at the 22nd Tob. Chem. Res. Conf., Richmond, Va., 1968. Search in Google Scholar

9. Jenkins, R. W., Jr., R. H. Newman, R. D. Carpenter and T. S. Osdene: Cigarette smoke formation studies, I. Distribution and mainstream products from added l4C-dotriacontane-16,17; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 5 (1970) 295-298. Search in Google Scholar

10. Maddox, W. L., R. B. Quincy, H. H. Ross, G. Olerich and M. R. Guerin: Carbon-14 and neutron irradiated cigarettes for animal lung deposition experiments; presented at the 25th Tob. Chem, Res. Conf., Louisville, Ky., 1971. Search in Google Scholar

11. Davis, B. R., T. H. Houseman and H. R. Roderick: Studies of cigarette smoke transfer using radioisotopically labelled tobacco constituents, III. The use of dotriacontane-16,17-14C as a marker for the deposition of cigarette smoke in the respiratory system of experimental animals; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 7 (1973) 148-153. Search in Google Scholar

12. Kmoch, N, G. Reznik and U. Mohr: Inhalation experiments with 14C-labelled cigarette smoke, II, The distribution of cigarette smoke particles in the hamster respiratory tract after exposure in two different smoking systems; Toxicology 4 (1975) 373-384. Search in Google Scholar

13. Kmoch, N., G. Reznik and A. Schleicher: Inhalation experiments with 14C-labelled cigarette smoke, III. Body size dependent distribution of particulate matter in small rodents during cigarette smoke inhalation; Toxicology 6 (1976) 219— 223. Search in Google Scholar

14. Mohr, U., G, Reznik, W. Eckhart, N. Kmoch and H. Haas: Distribution of labeled smoke particles in the respiratory tract of the hamster; Naturwis-senschaften 61 (1974) 133—134. Search in Google Scholar

15. Page, B. F. J., B. Woolsgrove, L. F. Chasseaud and R. Binns: Use of radioactive tracer techniques in investigations associated with cigarette smoking; Ann. Occup. Hyg. 16 (1973) 409-416. Search in Google Scholar

16. Pullinger, D, H., and T. H. Houseman: Dosimetry of cigarette smoke in laboratory animals; in Clinical Toxicology, ed. by W. A. M, Duncan and B. J. Leonard, Proc 1976 Edinburgh meeting of the Eur. Soc. Toxicol., Excerpt a Medica, Amsterdam-Oxford, Vol. 18, 1977, 265—266. Search in Google Scholar

17. Rubin, I. B.: A simplified method for the determination of labeled alkane hydrocarbons in mammalian tissue and blood after exposure to radiolabeled cigarette smoke; Anal. Lett. 6 (1973) 387— 396. Search in Google Scholar

18. Weker, R., O. Grubner, W. Hinds and M. W. First: Dose measurement in animals exposed to tobacco smoke; presented at the 30th Tob. Chem. Res. Conf., Nashville, Tenn., 1976. Search in Google Scholar

19. Thornton, R. E., and C. Valentine: Determination of the balance of carbon-14 activity added to cigarettes; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 4 (1968) 287—292. Search in Google Scholar

20. Jenkins, R. W., Jr., and R. T. Bass: The preparation of carbon-14 labelled cigarettes; presented at the 27th Tob. Chem, Res. Conf., Wins ton-Salem, N. C., 1973. Search in Google Scholar

21. Cheng, A. L. S.: Sterol content in cigarette tobacco and smoke; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 7 (1973) 14—17. Search in Google Scholar

22. Gager, F. L., J. W. Nedlock and W. J. Martin: Tobacco additives and cigarette smoke, Part I: Transfer of D-glucose, sucrose, and their degradation products to the smoke; Carbohydr. Res. 17 (1971) 327-330. Search in Google Scholar

23. Newell, M. P., P. H. Latimer and R. J. Haefele: Fate of compounds in the burning cigarette — Polymeric carbohydrates, pectins, starch, cellulose; presented at the 25th Tob. Chem. Res. Conf., Louisville, Ky., 1971. Search in Google Scholar

24. Newell, M. P., and F, W. Best: The fate of oxalic, malic and citric acids in the smoke of cigarettes; presented at the 22nd Tob. Chem. Res. Conf., Richmond, Va., 1968. Search in Google Scholar

25. Morrell, F, A., and C. Varsel: A total combustion product cigarette smoking machine — Analyses of radioactive cigarette paper; Tob. Sci. 10 (1966) 45—50. Search in Google Scholar

26. Davis, D. L., C. Grunwald, S. J. Sheen, J. Sims and L. P. Bush: Transfer of endogenous and exog- enously applied sterols and alkaloids to tobacco condensate; Tobacco and Health Research Institute, University of Kentucky, Conf. Rep. 3, pp. 325—332, 1972. Search in Google Scholar

27. Armitage, A. K., T. H. Houseman and D. M. Turner: The transfer of endogenous and exogenous radioisotopically labelled nicotine to mainstream cigarette smoke and its absorption into the blood of anaesthetized cats; J. Exp. Physiol. 59 (1974) 55—61. Search in Google Scholar

28. Jenkins, R. W., Jr., and R. A, Comes: Exogenous vs. endogenous transfer of nicotine during smoking; Int. J. Appl. Radiat. Isot. 27 (1976) 323—324. Search in Google Scholar

29. Houseman, T. H.: Private communication. Search in Google Scholar

30. Houseman, T. H., and E. Heneage: Studies of cigarette smoke transfer using radioiso topically labelled tobacco constituents, I. The preparation of radioisotopically labelled cigarettes; Beitr. Tabak-forsch. 7 (1973) 138—141. Search in Google Scholar

31. Ringrose, A., F. E. H. Crawley and C. R. E. Cog-gins: An automatic device for the addition of precise amounts of radiolabeled material to cigarettes; Beitr. Tabakforsch. Int. 12 (1984) 117— 121. Search in Google Scholar

32. Jenkins, R. W., Jr., R. H. Newman, G. Segura and R. T. Bass: A technique for the visualization and quantification of tagged filler; Tob. Sci. 23 (1979) 7-10. Search in Google Scholar

33. Jenkins, R. W., Jr., R. T. Bass, G. C. Newell, G. Segura and R, H. Newman: Recommendations for the standardized preparation of carbon-14 labeled cigarettes; Tob. Sci. 19 (1975) 115—118. Search in Google Scholar

34. Jenkins, R. W., Jr., R. T. Bass, R. H. Newman and M. K, Chavis: Cigarette smoke formation studies, V. The effects of the cigarette periphery on mainstream smoke formation; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 9 (1977) 126—130. Search in Google Scholar

35. Green, C. R., F. Best, C. Morrison and F. Conrad: Studies of the distribution of vanillin to mainstream and sidestream cigarette smokes; presented at the 38th Tob. Chem. Res. Conf., Atlanta, Ga., 1984. Search in Google Scholar

36. Dube, M. F., and C. R. Green: Methods of collection of smoke for analytical purposes; Rec. Adv. Tob. Sd. 8 (1982) 42—102. Search in Google Scholar

37. Holmes, J.: A study of the distribution of the hu-mectant during the smoking process using car-bon-14 glycerol as a tracer; presented at the 14th Tob. Chem. Res. Conf., Winston-Salem, N.C., 1960. Search in Google Scholar

38. Jenkins, R. W., Jr., M. K. Chavis, R. T. Bass and T. S. Osdene: Cigarette smoke formation studies, VI. The carbon contribution to total smoke from each individual component in the lRl-type cigarette; Beitr. Tabakforsch. Int. 10 (1980) 145—148. Search in Google Scholar

39. Jenkins, R. W., Jr., B. W. Francis, H, Flachsbart and W. Stober: Chemical variability of mainstream cigarette smoke as a function of aerodynamic particle size; J. Aerosol Sci. 10 (1979) 355— 362. Search in Google Scholar

40. Jenkins, R. W., Jr., M. K. Chavis, R. H. Newman and F. A, Morrell: The quantitative recovery of smoke from radioactively labelled cigarettes; Int. J. Appl. Radiat. Isot, 22 (1971) 691—697. Search in Google Scholar

41. Jenkins, R. W., Jr., B. W. Francis, H. Flachsbart, W. Stober, J. R. Tucci and T. G. Williamson: Selected inorganic chemical composition of main-Stream cigarette smoke as a function of aerodynamic particle size; J. Aerosol Sci. 13 (1982) 459— 468. Search in Google Scholar

42. Rayburn, C., H., W. B. Wartman, Jr., and P. M, Pedersen: Influence of hexane solubles in tobacco on a polycyclic fraction of cigarette smoke; Science (Wash., D.C.) 128 (1958) 1344—1345. Search in Google Scholar

43. Jenkins, R. W., Jr., R. H. Newman, M. D. Edmonds and T. S. Osdene: Cigarette smoke formation studies, III. The contribution of dotriacontane to the benzo(a)pyrene content of smoke; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 7 (1973) 154—157. Search in Google Scholar

44. Dontenwill, W., H.-P. Harke, A. Baars and E. Goertz: Experimentelle Untersuchungen uber Aufnahme und Ablagerung von Rauchbestand-teilen bei der passiven Berauchung von Gold-hamstern mit Zigarettenrauch (Experimental studies on intake and deposition of smoke particles in golden hamsters when exposed to cigarette smoke); Arzneim.-Forsch. / Drug Research 21 (1971) 142—143. Search in Google Scholar

45 a. Tso, T. C., H. Chu and D. W. Dejong: Residue levels of fatty compounds and surfactants as suck-ering agents on tobacco; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 8 (1975) 241—2. Search in Google Scholar

45 b. Tso, T. C., and H. Chu: The fate of fatty compounds and surfactants used as sucker control agents on field tobacco; Beitr. Tabakforsch, 9 (1977) 58—62. Search in Google Scholar

46. Long, J. S., R. M. Lehman, M. H. Tickle and M. A. Manzelli: The efficacy of KABAT¯ for control of the cigarette beetle under severe infestation conditions; Tob. Sci. 24 (1980) 119-121. Search in Google Scholar

47. Frisch, A. F., B. W. Francis, M. K. Chavis and R. W. Jenkins, Jr.: Cigarette smoke formation studies, VII. The fate of (5-14C)-methoprene in cigarette smoke; Beitr. Tabakforsch. Int. 11 (1982) 203-208. Search in Google Scholar

48. Atallah, Y. H., and H. W. Dorough: Insecticide residues in cigarette smoke — Transfer and fate in rats; J. Agr. Food Chem. 23 (1975) 64—71. Search in Google Scholar

49. Underwood, J. G.: The radiochemical analysis of phosphine residues in fumigated tobaccos; Tob. Sci. 16 (1972) 123-126. Search in Google Scholar

50. Tsoukatos, M. P., and A. C. Karageorgos: Development of a radioiso topical tracing method to follow the flow of cut tobacco during its manufacture; Tob. Sci. 21 (1977) 61-64. Search in Google Scholar

51. Porstendorfer, J.: Determination of the size distribution of aerosols with the help of a radioactive tracer and the spiral centrifuge; J. Aerosol Sci. 4 (1973) 345—354. Search in Google Scholar

52. Ingebrethsen, B. J.: Aerosol studies of cigarette smoke; Rec Adv. Tob. Sd. 12 (1986) 54—142. Search in Google Scholar

53. Meikle, R. W.: Fate of Diamidafos (phenyl N,N'-dim ethylphosphorodiami date) in tobacco, cured tobacco and in smoke; J. Agr. Food Chem. 25 (1977) 746—752. Search in Google Scholar

54. Minor, M. F.: Do adult cigarette beetles feed?; Tob. Sci. 23 (1979) 61-64. Search in Google Scholar

55. Williamson, T. G., D. P. Batalo, R. W. Jenkins, Jr., and A. Frisch: Measurement of the cigarette air volume with radioactive argon; Trans. Am. Nucl. Soc. 21 (1975) 134—135. Search in Google Scholar

56. Frisch, A. F., R. W. Jenkins, Jr., and T. G. Williamson: The use of argon-41 to determine the total cigarette air volume as a function of conditioning moisture; presented at the 30th Tob. Chem. Res. Conf., Nashville, Tenn., 1976. Search in Google Scholar

57. Jenkins, R. W., Jr., T. G. Williamson, J. Brenizer and P. Peters: Measurement of intracellular air in the 2R1 cigarette by neutron activation analysis; presented at the 39th Tob. Chem. Res. Conf., Montreal, Quebec, 1985. Search in Google Scholar

58. Baker, R. R.: Contributions to the draw resistance of a burning cigarette; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 8 (1975) 124—131. Search in Google Scholar

59. Sheahan, N. F., D. Pavia, J. R. M. Bateman, J. E. Agnew and S. W. Clarke: A technique for monitoring the inhalation of cigarette smoke in man using krypton-Sim; Int. J. Appl, Radiat. Isot. 31 (1980) 438-441. Search in Google Scholar

60. Boenig, H. V.: Investigation of the pyrolytic products of irradiated cigarettes; U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Publ. No. ORO-6333, 1965, 33 pp. Search in Google Scholar

61. Boenig, H. V., W. A. Lambertson, W. S. Braun and H. S. Myers: Treatment of tobacco; U.S. Pat. 3,358,694,1967. Search in Google Scholar

62. Severson, R. F., O. T. Chortyk and W. J. Chamberlain: Gamma radiation effects on cigarettes; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 8 (1975) 136-140. Search in Google Scholar

63. Casey, W. J., S. A. Bhatt, W. M. Suhy and J. V. Fiore: High-energy electron-beam processing of tobacco; Beitr. Tabakforsch. Int. 9 (1978) 275— 282. Search in Google Scholar

64. Benezet, H., C. W. Helms, B. B. Huffman and R. Baucom: Toxicity of gamma radiation to five stages of the cigarette beetle; presented at the 32nd Tob. Workers' Conference, Baltimore, Md., 1987. Search in Google Scholar

65. Nadkarni, R. A.: Re-evaluation of arsenic concentration in the biological standards; Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 19 (1974) 127-134. Search in Google Scholar

66. Nadkarni, R. A.: Some considerations of metal content of tobacco products; Chem. Ind. (Lond.) 17, 1974, 693—696. Search in Google Scholar

67. Nadkarni, R. A., and W. D. Ehmann: Instrumental neutron activation analysis of tobacco products; Proc. Modern trends in activation analysis, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 1968, National Bureau of Standards (Wash., D.C.) Publ. No. 312, 1969, 190—196. Search in Google Scholar

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70. Nadkarni, R, A., and W. D. Ehmann: Further analyses of University of Kentucky reference and alkaloid series cigarettes by instrumental neutron activation analysis; Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 4 (1970) 325-335. Search in Google Scholar

71. Nadkarni, R. A., and W, D, Ehmann: Relative transference of trace elements from tobacco smoke condensate into mice tissues; Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 11 (1972) 45—47. Search in Google Scholar

72. Nadkarni, R. A., W. D. Ehmann and D. Burdick: Investigations on the relative transference of trace elements from cigarette tobacco into smoke condensate; Tob. Sci. 14 (1970) 37-39. Search in Google Scholar

73. Nadkarni, R. A., and B. C. Haldar: Simultaneous determination of chromium and zinc by neutron-activation analysis; Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 9 (1971) 233-240. Search in Google Scholar

74. Nadkarni, R. A., and B. C. Haldar: Neutron activation analysis of copper by substoichiometric extraction with neocuproine; Anal. Chem. 44 (1972) 1504—1506. Search in Google Scholar

75. Nadkarni, R. A., and B. C. Haldar: Substoichiometric determination of mercury by neutron activation analysis; J. Radioanal. Chem. 10 (1972) 181—186. Search in Google Scholar

76. Nadkarni, R. A., and G. H. Morrison: Multielement instrumental neutron activation analysis of biological materials; Anal. Chem. 45 (1973) 1957—1960. Search in Google Scholar

77. Jenkins, R. W., Jr., R. H. Newman, R. M. Ikeda, R. D. Carpenter and T. G: Williamson: Determination by neutron activation analysis of selected elements in cigarettes; Anal. Lett. 4 (1971) 451— 457. Search in Google Scholar

78. Williamson, T. G., R. W. Jenkins, Jr., R. H. Newman and R. D. Carpenter: Analysis of tobacco and tobacco smoke by neutron activation; Trans. Am. Nucl. Soc. 12 (1971) 110-111. Search in Google Scholar

79. Williamson, T. G., A. S. Chiang, R. W. Jenkins, Jr., G. E. Lester and R. H. Newman: A material balance of selected elements in cigarette smoke; Trans. Am. Nucl. Soc. 18 (1974) 64-65. Search in Google Scholar

80. Newman, R. H., G. E. Lester and R. W. Jenkins, Jr.: The fate of halogens in the smoke of the 1R1 Kentucky reference cigarette; presented at the 27th Tob. Chem. Res. Conf., Winston-Salem, N.C., 1973. Search in Google Scholar

81. Jenkins, R. W., Jr., R. H. Newman, G. F. Lester, A. F, Frisch and T. G. Williamson: Neutron activation analysis in tobacco and cigarette smoke studies — The halogens; Beitr. Tabakforsch. Int. 11 (1982) 195—202. Search in Google Scholar

82. Kim, C. K., and J. Silverman: Determination of mercury in wheat and tobacco leaf by neutron activation analysis using mercury-197 and a simple exchange separation; Anal. Chem. 37 (1965) 1616-1617. Search in Google Scholar

83. Komiya, K., and Y. Maruyama: Determination of selenium in cigarets by neutron activation analysis; Radioisotopes 20 (1971) 29—30. Search in Google Scholar

84. Lee, B. K., and G. Murphy: Determination of arsenic content of American cigarettes by neutron activation analysis; Cancer (Phila.) 23 (1969) 1315-1317. Search in Google Scholar

85. Maruyama, Y., and K. Komiya: Determination of copper, arsenic and mercury in tobacco leaves by neutron activation analysis; Radioisotopes 22 (1973) 572-574. Search in Google Scholar

86. Maruyama, Y., K. Komiya and T. Manri: Determination of copper, arsenic and mercury in cigarettes by neutron activation analysis; Radioisotopes 19 (1970) 250—252. Search in Google Scholar

87. Chun, S. Y.: Determination of bromine, arsenic, mercury and selenium in plants by neutron activation analysis; Han'guk Sikp'um Kwahakhoe Chi (Korean J. Food Sci. Technol.) Vol. 3, No. 3 (1971) 144-150. Search in Google Scholar

88. Gunchev, K., M. Neuburger and A. Fourcy: Determination of traces of toxic compounds in European, American, and French tobaccos by neutron activation analysis; Dokl. Sel'skokhoz, Akad. Sofia 5, No. 4 (1972) 299-303. Search in Google Scholar

89. Yang, M., S. Lai and S. Yeh: Multielement determination in tobacco leaves by instrumental neutron activation analysis; Radioisotopes 22 (1973) 118—123. Search in Google Scholar

90. Pung, T. C., C. C. Chou, H. T. Tsai and S. C. Wu: Internal standard method for the determination of trace elements in cigarette tobacco by neutron activation analysis; J. Radioanal. Chem. 63 (1981) 253—262. Search in Google Scholar

91. Day, J. M., R. C. Bateman and E. C. Cogbill: Determination of trace amounts of nickel in tobacco by neutron activation analysis; presented at the 145th Am. Chem. Soc. Meeting, New York, N.Y., September 13—18, 1963. Search in Google Scholar

92. Siegers, G., and A. Claeys: Instrumental neutron activation analysis of raw tobacco leaves in the Belgium-Luxemburg Economic Union; Meded. Rijksfac. Landbouwwet. Gent 44 (1979) 1139— 1148. Search in Google Scholar

93. Marinov, V. M., D. Apostolov and M. I. Mikhai-lov: Determination of trace elements in tobacco by neutron activation analysis, II. Determination of bromine, lanthanum, rubidium, chromium, strontium, cesium, scandium, zinc, cobalt and iron; Khimiya i Industriya (Sofia) 4 (1975) 149— 153. Search in Google Scholar

94. Marinov, V. M., D. Apostolov and M. Lazarova: Determination of the contents of 20 microelements in tobacco by neutron activation analysis after elimination of sodium-24 and potassium-42; J. Yad. Energ. 3 (1976) 123-129. Search in Google Scholar

95. Naidenov, M., and L. Raikov: Neutron activation analysis of plant materials; Dokl. Bolg. Akad. Nauk 33 (1980) 273-276. Search in Google Scholar

96. Wei, M. T.: Determination of arsenic in tobacco leaf by neutron activation analysis; Hua Hsueh (Chin. Chem. Soc.) 4 (1966) 121-126. Search in Google Scholar

97. Purkayastha, B. C., and D. K. Bhattacharyya: Determination of gold and arsenic in Indian tobacco leaves; Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 23 (1975) 43— 48. Search in Google Scholar

98. Mishra, U. C., and G. N. Shaikh: Determination of trace element concentrations of Indian cigarette tobacco by instrumental neutron activation analysis; J. Radioanal. Chem. 78 (1983) 385-390. Search in Google Scholar

99. Mishra, U. C., and G. N. Shaikh: Determination of trace elements in total particulate matter of cigarette smoke by instrumental neutron activation analysis; J. Radioanal. Chem. 89 (1985) 545—552. Search in Google Scholar

100. Abedinzadeh, Z., and I. Bayat: Determination of bromine residues in Iranian tobacco by neutron activation analysis; Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 25 (1976) 217-222. Search in Google Scholar

101. Abedinzadeh, Z., and B. Parsa: Determination of trace elements in Iranian cigarette tobacco by neutron activation analysis; J. Radioanal. Chem. 14 (1973) 139—145. Search in Google Scholar

102. Abedinzadeh, Z., M. Razeghi and B. Parsa: Neutron activation analysis of an Iranian cigarette and its smoke; J. Radioanal. Chem. 35 (1977) 373— 376. Search in Google Scholar

103. Faanhof, A., and H. A. Das: Analysis of tobacco by instrumental epithermal neutron activation analysis; Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 41 (1979) 367-373. Search in Google Scholar

104. Faanhof, A., and H. A. Das: Instrumental thermal neutron activation analysis of tobacco; J. Radioanal. Chem. 56 (1980) 131-141. Search in Google Scholar

105. Ahmad, S., M. S. Chaundhry and I. H. Qureshi: Determination of toxic elements in tobacco products by instrumental neutron activation analysis; J. Radioanal. Chem. 54 (1979) 331-341. Search in Google Scholar

106. Wyttenbach, A., S. Bajo and A. Haekkinen: Determination of 16 elements in tobacco by neutron activation analysis; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 8 (1976) 247-249. Search in Google Scholar

107. Jenkins, R. W., Jr., C. Goldey and T. G. Williamson: Neutron activation analysis in tobacco and cigarette smoke studies — 2R1 cigarette composition, smoke transference and butt filtration; Beitr. Tabakforsch. Int. 13 (1985) 59—65. Search in Google Scholar

108. Wehner, A. P., W. J. Bair, W. A. Haller and A. C. Case: Deposition of radionuclide labeled cigarette smoke in dogs; J. Appl. Physiol. 37 (1974) 630— 633. Search in Google Scholar

109. Johnson, R. R., and T. E, Smith: The formation of methyl chloride in burning cigarettes; presented at the 24th Tob. Chem, Res. Conf., Montreal, Canada, 1970. Search in Google Scholar

110. Baker, R. R.: Temperature variation within a cigarette combustion coal during the smoking cycle; High Temp. Sci. 7 (1975) 236—247. Search in Google Scholar

111. Egerton, A., K. Gugan and F. J, Weinberg: The mechanism of smouldering in cigarettes; Combust. Flame (Lond.) 7 (1963) 63—78,10.1016/0010-2180(63)90156-1 Search in Google Scholar

112. Lendvay, A. T., and T. S. Laszlo; Cigarette peak coal temperature measurements; Beitr. Tabak-forsch.7 (1974) 276—281. Search in Google Scholar

113. Baker, R. R.: Mechanism of smoke formation and delivery; Recent Adv. Tob. Sci, 6 (1980) 184—224. Search in Google Scholar

114. Jenkins, R. W., Jr., A. F. Frisch, J. G. MacKinnon and T. G. Williamson: Cigarette smoke formation studies, IV. The dynamic measurement of the axial density of a burning cigarette; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 9 (1977) 67—71. Search in Google Scholar

115. Williamson, T. G., J. G. MacKinnon, A. F. Frisch and R. W. Jenkins, Jr.: Calculations and measurements of beta-ray attenuation for determining density in an inhomogeneous medium; Int. J. Appl. Radiat. Isot. 31 (1980) 293—295. Search in Google Scholar

116. McRae, D. D., R. W. Jenkins, Jr., J. S. Brenizer, M. F. Sulcoski and T. G. Williamson: Real-time observation of aerosol deposition by neutron radiography; in Aerosols — Science, technology and industrial applications of airborne particles, edited by B. Y. H. Liu, D. Y. H. Pui and H. J. Fissan, Elsevier Science Publishing Co., Inc., New York, New York, 1984, pp. 241—244. Search in Google Scholar

117. Brenizer, J. S., M. F. Sulcoski, K. W. Tobin, Jr., R. W. Jenkins, Jr., and D. D. McRae: Evaluation of filter behavior by neutron radiography; J. Aerosol Sci. 18 (1987) 311-320. Search in Google Scholar

118. Brenizer, J. S., R. W. Jenkins, Jr., D. D. McRae, J. B. Paine, III., and M. F. Sulcoski: Temperature sensitive contrast agents for neutron radiography; Proc 2nd World Conf. on Neutron radiography, Paris, France, June 16—20, 1986, pp. 813—820, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht.10.1007/978-94-009-3871-7_101 Search in Google Scholar

119. Goldring, L. S., J. V. Fiore and A. C. Gadziala: X-ray study of cigarette structure; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 7 (1973) 121-137. Search in Google Scholar

120. Brenizer, J. S., M. F. Sulcoski, R. W. Jenkins, Jr., D. D. McRae and R. H. Newman: Observations of density variations in tobacco rods by neutron radiography; Beitr. Tabakforsch. Int. 14 (1987) 21—28. Search in Google Scholar

121. McRae, D. D., R. W. Jenkins, Jr., J. S. Brenizer, K. W. Tobin, B. Hosticka and M, F. Sulcoski: Quantitative density measurements from a real-time !neutron radiography system; Trans. Am. Nucl. Soc. 53 (1986) 178—180. Search in Google Scholar

122. Marmor, R. S-, and H. J. Minnemeyer:- Material balance studies on cigarettes containing 3-phenyl-5-methyl-l,2,4-oxadiazole; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 8 (1975) 199—203. Search in Google Scholar

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