1. bookTom 65 (2019): Zeszyt 3 (October 2019)
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License
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
1338-4376
Pierwsze wydanie
06 Jun 2011
Częstotliwość wydawania
4 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski
access type Otwarty dostęp

Assessment of the Contamination Level of a Podzolized Chernozem with Nuclides in a Long-term Land Use

Data publikacji: 18 Oct 2019
Tom & Zeszyt: Tom 65 (2019) - Zeszyt 3 (October 2019)
Zakres stron: 128 - 135
Otrzymano: 05 Mar 2019
Przyjęty: 12 Sep 2019
Informacje o czasopiśmie
License
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
1338-4376
Pierwsze wydanie
06 Jun 2011
Częstotliwość wydawania
4 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski
Abstract

Prolonged systematic application of mineral fertilisers contributes to increasing the yielding capacity of agricultural crops. However, it can lead to significant changes in the composition, properties and formation of agricultural soil regimes. The findings of the research have shown that the application of mineral fertilisers leads to the change of radioactive nuclides content in the soil. The research was conducted under conditions of a long-term stationary field experiment (Uman, Ukraine), using different rates of mineral fertilisers N45P45K45, N90P90K90 and N135P135K135. Soil samples (podzolized chernozem) were selected from the depths of 0 – 20, 20 – 40 and 40 – 60 cm. Specific activity of radionuclides was determined by the spectrometric analysis. Using experimental results we have demonstrated that under a long-term application (50 years) different rates of mineral fertilisers effect the specific activity of radioactive isotopes in the soil (226Ra, 232Th, 40K, 137Cs, 90Sr). The specific activity of radionuclides in a podzolized chernozem and in winter wheat grain was established. Winter wheat plants accumulated 232Th at the highest levels, but the use of fertilisers reduced it in a larger mass of the crop. The absorption of radioactive nuclides by winter wheat grain grown after peas and silage corn depending on fertilisation changed similar to growing it after clover as a previous crop. According to the data of specific activity of radioactive nuclides in the soil and winter wheat grain, the coefficient of their biological absorption was calculated.

Keywords

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