1. bookVolume 65 (2019): Edizione 3 (October 2019)
Dettagli della rivista
License
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1338-4376
Prima pubblicazione
06 Jun 2011
Frequenza di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese
access type Accesso libero

Assessment of the Contamination Level of a Podzolized Chernozem with Nuclides in a Long-term Land Use

Pubblicato online: 18 Oct 2019
Volume & Edizione: Volume 65 (2019) - Edizione 3 (October 2019)
Pagine: 128 - 135
Ricevuto: 05 Mar 2019
Accettato: 12 Sep 2019
Dettagli della rivista
License
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1338-4376
Prima pubblicazione
06 Jun 2011
Frequenza di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese
Abstract

Prolonged systematic application of mineral fertilisers contributes to increasing the yielding capacity of agricultural crops. However, it can lead to significant changes in the composition, properties and formation of agricultural soil regimes. The findings of the research have shown that the application of mineral fertilisers leads to the change of radioactive nuclides content in the soil. The research was conducted under conditions of a long-term stationary field experiment (Uman, Ukraine), using different rates of mineral fertilisers N45P45K45, N90P90K90 and N135P135K135. Soil samples (podzolized chernozem) were selected from the depths of 0 – 20, 20 – 40 and 40 – 60 cm. Specific activity of radionuclides was determined by the spectrometric analysis. Using experimental results we have demonstrated that under a long-term application (50 years) different rates of mineral fertilisers effect the specific activity of radioactive isotopes in the soil (226Ra, 232Th, 40K, 137Cs, 90Sr). The specific activity of radionuclides in a podzolized chernozem and in winter wheat grain was established. Winter wheat plants accumulated 232Th at the highest levels, but the use of fertilisers reduced it in a larger mass of the crop. The absorption of radioactive nuclides by winter wheat grain grown after peas and silage corn depending on fertilisation changed similar to growing it after clover as a previous crop. According to the data of specific activity of radioactive nuclides in the soil and winter wheat grain, the coefficient of their biological absorption was calculated.

Keywords

ALEKSAKHIN, R.M. ‒ MOISEEV, I.T. ‒ TIKHOMIROV, F.A. 1992. The behavior of 137Cs in the soil-plant system and the effect of fertilizer application on the accumulation of radionuclides in the crop. In Agrochemistry, no. 8, pp. 127 – 138.Search in Google Scholar

ALSHAHRI, F. ‒ ALQAHTANI, M. 2015. Chemical fertilizers as a source of 238U, 40K, 226Ra, 222Rn and trace metal pollutant of the environment in Saudi Arabia. In Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 8339 – 8348. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-014-3984-310.1007/s11356-014-3984-325532871Apri DOISearch in Google Scholar

ANDREWS, S. ‒ MITCHELL, J. ‒ MANCINELLI, R. ‒ KARLEN, D. ‒ HARTZ, T. 2002. On-farm assessment of soil quality in California’s Central Valley. In Agronomy Journal, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 12 – 23.Search in Google Scholar

BARON, S. ‒ CARIGNAN, J. ‒ PLOQUIN, A. 2006. Dispersion of heavy metals (metalloids) in soils from 800-year old pollution (Mont-Lozere, France). In Environtal Science & Technology, vol. 40, no. 17, pp. 5319 – 5326. DOI: 10.1021/es060643010.1021/es060643016999105Apri DOISearch in Google Scholar

BECEGATO, V.A. – FERREIRA, F.J.F. – MACHADO, W.C.P. 2008. Concentration of radioactive elements (U, Th and K) derived from phosphatic fertilizers in cultivated soils. In Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 1255 – 1266. DOI.org/10.1590/S1516-8913200800060002210.1590/S1516-89132008000600022Apri DOISearch in Google Scholar

BEGEY, S.V. – SHUVAR, I.S. 2007. Ecological agriculture. Lviv: “New World-2000”, pp. 428 (in Ukrainian).Search in Google Scholar

BOUKHENFOUF, W. – BOUCENNA, A. 2011. The radioactivity measurements in soils and fertilizers using gamma spectrometry technique. In Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, vol. 102, no. 4, pp. 336 – 339. DOI 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2011.01.006. Epub 2011 Feb 2210.1016/j.jenvrad.2011.01.006.Epub2011Feb22Apri DOISearch in Google Scholar

CLARK, M. – HORWATH, W. – SHENNAN, C. – SCOW, K. 1998. Changes in soil chemical properties resulting from organic and low-input farming practices. In Agronomy Journal, vol. 90, no. 5, pp. 662 – 671. DOI: 10.2134/agronj1998.00021962009000050016x10.2134/agronj1998.00021962009000050016xApri DOISearch in Google Scholar

GAYCHENKO, V.A. – GUDKOV, I.N. – KASHPAROV, V.O. – KITSNO, V.O. – LAZAREV, N.N. 2009. Workshop on radiobiology and radioecology. Kyiv, 253 p.Search in Google Scholar

FATEEV, A.I. – ZAKHAROVA, M.A. 2005. Fundamentals of the application of micro fertilizers. Kharkiv: KP Typography, 134 p.Search in Google Scholar

HOSPODARENKO, G.M. 2018. Agrochemistry. Kiev: SIC Group Ukraine LLC., 560 p. (in Ukrainian).Search in Google Scholar

HOWARD, B. 2000. The concept of radio ecological sensitivity. In Radiation Protection Dosimetry, vol. 92, pp. 29 – 34. DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.rpd.a03327910.1093/oxfordjournals.rpd.a033279Apri DOISearch in Google Scholar

HRČKOVÁ, K. – MIHALČÍK, P. – ŽÁK, Š. – HAŠANA, R. – ONDREIČKOVÁ, K. – KRAIC, J. 2018. Agronomic and economic performance of genetically modified and conventional maize. In Agriculture (Poľnohospodárstvo), vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 87 – 93. DOI: 10.2478/agri-2018-000910.2478/agri-2018-0009Apri DOISearch in Google Scholar

HUSSAIN, R.O. – HUSSAIN, H.H. 2011. Investigation of the natural radioactivity in local and imported chemical fertilizers. In Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 777 – 782. DOI.org/10.1590/S1516-8913201100040001810.1590/S1516-89132011000400018Apri DOISearch in Google Scholar

KASTE, J.M. – FRIEDLAND, A.J. – STÜRUP, S. 2003. Stable and Radioactive Isotopes To Trace Atmospherically Deposited Pb in Montane Forest Soils. In Environmental Studies, vol. 37, no. 16, pp. 3560 – 3567. DOI: 10.1021/es026372k10.1021/es026372k12953866Apri DOISearch in Google Scholar

KONDO, M. – MAKINO, T. – EGUCHI, T. – GOTO, A. – NAKANO, H. – TAKAI, T. – KIMURA, T. 2015. Comparative analysis of the relationship between Cs and K in soil and plant parts toward control of Cs accumulation in rice. In Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, vol. 61, pp. 144 – 151. DOI.org/10.1080/00380768.2014.97334810.1080/00380768.2014.973348Apri DOISearch in Google Scholar

PETRENKO, V. – LIUBICH, V. – BONDAR, V. 2017. Baking quality of wheat grain as influenced by agriculture systems, weather and storing conditions. In Romanian Agricultural Research, vol. 34, pp. 69 – 76. DOI: 2067-5720 RAR 2017-153Search in Google Scholar

PETTIGREW, W.T. 2008. Potassium influences on yield and quality production for maize, wheat, soybean and cotton. In Physiologia Plantarum, vol. 133, no. 4, pp. 670 – 681. doi. org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.2008.01073.x10.1111/j.1399-3054.2008.01073.x18331406Apri DOISearch in Google Scholar

ŠIMANSKÝ, V. 2016. Changes in soil organic matter parameters during the period of 18 years under different soil management practices. In Agriculture (Poľnohospodárstvo), vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 149 – 154. DOI: 10.1515/agri-2016-001510.1515/agri-2016-0015Apri DOISearch in Google Scholar

TAYLOR, M. – KIM, N. – SMIDT, G. – BUSBY, C. – MCNALLY, S. – ROBINSON, B. – KRATZ, S. – SCHNUG, E. 2016. Trace element contaminants and radioactivity from phosphate fertiliser. In Phosphorus in Agriculture 100 % Zero, pp. 231 – 266. doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-7612-7_1210.1007/978-94-017-7612-7_12Apri DOISearch in Google Scholar

TOBIAŠOVÁ, E. – ŠIMANSKÝ, V. – DĘBSKA, B. – BANACH-SZOTT, M. 2013. Soil structure and soil organic matter of selected soil types in different ecosystems. In Agriculture (Poľnohospodárstvo), vol. 59, pp. 1 – 8. DOI: 10.2478/agri-2013-000110.2478/agri-2013-0001Apri DOISearch in Google Scholar

TREMBITSKA, O.I. 2010. Influence of fertilizer systems on the agricultural ecological state of sod-podzolic soils and accumulation of radiocesium by agricultural plants. In Bulletin of Institute of Grain Farming, vol. 39, pp. 107 – 110 (in Ukrainian).Search in Google Scholar

TSYBUL’KA, N.N. – ZAITSEV, A.A. – SEMENENKO, N.N. 2014. Influence of doses of nitrogen and potassium fertilizers on 137cs in grain and products spring wheat in anthropogenno-transformed peat soil. In Soil Science and Agrochemistry, vol. 1, pp. 236 – 250.Search in Google Scholar

TZORTZIS, M. – SVOUKIS, E. – TSERTOS, H. 2004. A comprehensive study of natural gamma radioactivity levels and associated dose rates from surface soils in Cyprus. In Radiation Protection Dosimetry, vol. 109, no. 3, pp. 217 – 224. doi.org/10.1093/rpd/nch30010.1093/rpd/nch30015254326Apri DOISearch in Google Scholar

Articoli consigliati da Trend MD

Pianifica la tua conferenza remota con Sciendo