1. bookTom 27 (2016): Zeszyt 1 (January 2016)
Informacje o czasopiśmie
License
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
2719-9509
Pierwsze wydanie
01 Jan 1992
Częstotliwość wydawania
4 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski
Otwarty dostęp

Emissions of Toxic Carbonyls in an Electronic Cigarette

Data publikacji: 03 Feb 2016
Tom & Zeszyt: Tom 27 (2016) - Zeszyt 1 (January 2016)
Zakres stron: 30 - 37
Otrzymano: 18 Sep 2015
Przyjęty: 07 Jan 2016
Informacje o czasopiśmie
License
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
2719-9509
Pierwsze wydanie
01 Jan 1992
Częstotliwość wydawania
4 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski

1. Lerner, C.A., I.K. Sundar, H. Yao, J. Gerloff, D.J. Ossip, S. McIntosh, R. Robinson, and I. Rahman: Vapors Produced by Electronic Cigarettes and E-Juices with Flavorings Induce Toxicity, Oxidative Stress, and Inflammatory Response in Lung Epithelial Cells and in Mouse Lung; PLoS One 10 (2015) 1-26. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0116732.10.1371/journal.pone.0116732431972925658421Search in Google Scholar

2. Congress of the United States of America: Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act; Public Law 111-131, June 22, 2009. Available at: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-111publ31/pdf/PLAW-111publ31.pdf (accessed December 18, 2015).Search in Google Scholar

3. United States Food and Drug Administration: Deeming Tobacco Products to Be Subject to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as Amended by the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act; Regulations on the Sale and Distribution of Tobacco Products and Required Warning Statements for Tobacco Products; Federal Register, Vol. 79, No. 80, April 25, 2014. Available at: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2014-04-25/pdf/2014-09491.pdf (accessed December 18, 2015).Search in Google Scholar

4. Phillips, C.V.: Debunking the Claim that Abstinence is Usually Healthier for Smokers than Switching to a Low-Risk Alternative, and Other Observations about Anti-Tobacco-Harm-Reduction Arguments; Harm Reduct. J. 6 (2009) 1-10. DOI:10.1186/1477-7517-6-29.10.1186/1477-7517-6-29277600419887003Search in Google Scholar

5. European Commission: Directive 2014/40/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 April 2014 on the Approximation of the Laws, Regulations and Administrative Provisions of the Member States Concerning the Manufacture, Presentation and Sale of Tobacco and Related Products and Repealing Directive 2001/37/EC. Off. J. Eur. Commun. L127/1, 2014. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/health/tobacco/docs/dir_201440_en.pdf (accessed August 20, 2015).Search in Google Scholar

6. European Commission: Directive 2001/83/EC: Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 November 2001 on the Community Code Relating to Medicinal Products for Human Use; Off. J. Eur. Commun. L311, 67-128, 2004. Annex to Directive 2001/83/EC: Off. J. Eur. Commun. L-159, 46-94, 2003. Available at: http://www.edctp.org/fileadmin/documents/ethics/DIRECTIVE_200183EC_OF_THE_EUROPEAN_PARLIAMENT.pdf (accessed December 18, 2015).Search in Google Scholar

7. International Organization for Standardization (ISO): International Standard ISO/NP 20714. E-Cigarettes - Determination of Nicotine in Liquids Used in Electronic Nicotine Delivery Devices (E-Liquids); (Under development, Stage 10.99, 2015-05-04) ISO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2015. Available at: http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=68905 (accessed December 18, 2015).Search in Google Scholar

8. Kim, H.J. and H.S. Shin: Determination of Tobacco- Specific Nitrosamines in Replacement Liquids of Electronic Cigarettes by Liquid Chromatography- Tandem Mass Spectrometry; J. Chrom. A 1291 (2013) 48-55. DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2013.03.035.10.1016/j.chroma.2013.03.03523602640Search in Google Scholar

9. Farsalinos, K.E, I.G. Gillman, M.S Melvin, A.R. Paolantonio, W.J. Gardow, K.E. Humphries, S.E. Brown, K. Poulas, and V. Voudris: Nicotine Levels and Presence of Selected Tobacco-Derived Toxins in Tobacco Flavoured Electronic Cigarette Refill Liquids; Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 12 (2015) 3439-3452. DOI:10.3390/ijerph120403439.10.3390/ijerph120403439441019525811768Search in Google Scholar

10. Cheng, T.: Chemical Evaluation of Electronic Cigarettes; Tob. Control 23 (2014) Suppl. 2 S11-S17. DOI:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051482.10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051482399525524732157Search in Google Scholar

11.World Health Organization (WHO): Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems; Sixth Session. Moscow, Russian Federation. 13-18 October 2014. Available at: http://apps.who.int/gb/fctc/PDF/cop6/FCTC_COP6_10-en.pdf?ua=1 (accessed December 18, 2015).Search in Google Scholar

12. Goniewicz, M.L., J. Knysak, M. Gawron, L. Kosmider, A. Sobczak, J. Kurek, A. Prokopowicz, M. Jablonska- Czapla, C. Rosik-Dulewska, C. Havel, P. Jacob III, and N. Benowitz: Levels of Selected Carcinogens and Toxicants in Vapor from Electronic Cigarettes; Tob. Control 23 (2014) 133-139. DOI:10.1136/tobacco control-2012-050859.Search in Google Scholar

13. Health Canada: Tobacco Reporting Regulations; Modified November 29, 2007. Available at: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hc-ps/tobac-tabac/legislation/reg/indust/method/index-eng.php#main (accessed December 18, 2015).Search in Google Scholar

14. United States Food and Drug Administration: Harmful and Potentially Harmful Constituents in Tobacco Products and Tobacco Smoke; Request for Comments; Federal Register Vol. 76, No. 156, August 12, 2011. Available at: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-08-12/pdf/2011-20502.pdf (accessed December 18, 2015).Search in Google Scholar

15. Al Jasser, M., N. Mebuke, and G. de Gannes: Propylene Glycol: An Often Unrecognized Cause of Allergic Contact Dermatitis in Patients Using Topical Corticosteroids; Skin Therapy Lett. 16 (2011) 5-8. Available at: http://www.skintherapyletter.com/2011/16.5/2.html (accessed December 18, 2015).Search in Google Scholar

16. Callahan-Lyon, P.: Electronic Cigarettes: Human Health Effects; Tob. Control 23 (2014) Suppl. 2 S36-S40. DOI:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051470.10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051470399525024732161Search in Google Scholar

17. Farsalinos, K.E., K.A. Kistler, G. Gillman, and V. Voudris: Evaluation of Electronic Cigarette Liquids and Aerosol for the Presence of Selected Inhalation Toxins; Nicotine Tob. Res. 17 (2015) 168-174. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntu176.10.1093/ntr/ntu176489270525180080Search in Google Scholar

18. Etter, J.F., E. Zäther, and S. Svensson: Analysis of Refill Liquids for Electronic Cigarettes; Addiction 108 (2013) 1671-1679. DOI: 10.1111/add.1223510.1111/add.1223523701634Search in Google Scholar

19. Orr, M.S.: Electronic Cigarettes in the USA: A Summary of Available Toxicology Data and Suggestions for the Future; Tob. Control 23 (2014) Suppl. 2 S18-S22. DOI:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051474.10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051474399528824732158Search in Google Scholar

20. Farsalinos, K.E., A. Spyrou, K. Tsimopoulou, C. Stefopoulos, G. Romagna, and V. Voudris: Nicotine Absorption from Electronic Cigarette Use: Comparison Between First and New-Generation Devices; Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 1-7. DOI:10.1038/srep04133. 10.1038/srep04133393520624569565Search in Google Scholar

21.Wieslander, G., D. Norbäck, and T. Lindgren: Experimental Exposure to Propylene Glycol Mist in Aviation Emergency Training: Acute Ocular and Respiratory Effects; Occup. Environ. Med. 58 (2001) 649-655. DOI:10.1136/oem.58.10.649.10.1136/oem.58.10.649174004711555686Search in Google Scholar

22. Laino, T., C. Tuma, A. Curioni, E. Jochnowitz, and S. Stolz: A Revisited Picture of the Mechanism of Glycerol Dehydration; J. Phys. Chem. A 115 (2011 3592-3595. DOI: 10.1021/jp201078e.10.1021/jp201078e21452849Search in Google Scholar

23. Laino, T., C. Tuma, P. Moor, E. Martin, S. Stolz, and A. Curioni: Mechanisms of Propylene Glycol and Triacetin Pyrolysis; J. Phys. Chem. A 116 (2012) 4602-4609. DOI: 10.1021/jp300997d.10.1021/jp300997d22512236Search in Google Scholar

24. Kosmider, L., A. Sobczak, M. Fik, J. Knysak, M. Zaciera, J. Kurek, and M. Goniewicz: Carbonyl Compounds in Electronic Cigarette Vapors: Effects of Nicotine Solvent and Battery Output Voltage; Nicotine Tob. Res. 16 (2014) 1319-1326. DOI:10.1093/ ntr/ntu078.Search in Google Scholar

25. Jensen, R.P., L. Wentai, J.F. Pankow, R.M. Strongin, and D.H. Peyton: Hidden Formaldehyde in E-Cigarette Aerosols; N. Engl. J. Med. 372 (2015) 392-394. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMc141306910.1056/NEJMc141306925607446Search in Google Scholar

26. Farsalinos, K.E, V. Voudris, and K. Poulas: E-Cigarettes Generate High Levels of Aldehydes Only in ‘Dry Puff’ Conditions; Addiction 10 (2015) 1352-1356. DOI:10.1111/add.12942.10.1111/add.1294225996087Search in Google Scholar

27.Williams, M., A. Villarreal, K. Bozhilov, S. Lin, and P. Talbot: Metal and Silicate Particles Including Nanoparticles are Present in Electronic Cigarette Cartomizer Fluid and Aerosol; PLoS One 8 (2013). DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0057987.10.1371/journal.pone.0057987360397623526962Search in Google Scholar

28. Farsalinos, K.E., V. Voudris, and K. Poulas: Are Metals Emitted from Electronic Cigarettes a Reason for Health Concern? A Risk-Assessment Analysis of Currently Available Literature; Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 12 (2015) 5215-5232. DOI:10.3390/ijerph120505215.10.3390/ijerph120505215445496325988311Search in Google Scholar

29.Westenberger, B.J.: Evaluation of E-Cigarettes; U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Washington DC. 2009. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/scienceresearch/ucm173250.pdf (accessed December 18, 2015).Search in Google Scholar

30. Stepanov, I., S.G. Carmella, S. Han, A. Pinto, A.A. Strasser, C. Lerman, and S.S. Hecht: Evidence for Endogenous Formation of N’-Nitrosonornicotine in Some Long-Term Nicotine Patch Users; Nicotine Tob. Res. 11 (2009) 99-105. DOI:10.1093/ntr/ntn004.10.1093/ntr/ntn004273428819246447Search in Google Scholar

31. CORESTA Task Force E-cigarettes: CORESTA Recommended Method No. 81: Routine Analytical Machine for E-Cigarette Aerosol Generation and Collection - Definitions and Standard Conditions; June 2015, Cooperation Centre for Scientific Research Relative to Tobacco, Paris, France. Available at: http://www.coresta.org/Recommended_Methods/CRM_81.pdf (accessed December 18, 2015).Search in Google Scholar

32. International Organization for Standardization (ISO): ISO 3308:2012 Routine Analytical Cigarette-Smoking Machine - Definitions and Standard Conditions; ISO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2012. Available at: http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=60404 (accessed December 18, 2015)Search in Google Scholar

33. Health Canada: Health Canada Tobacco Reporting Regulations, Official Method T-115: Determination of "Tar", Nicotine and Carbon Dioxide in Mainstream Tobacco Smoke; Health Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 1999. Available at: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hc-ps/pubs/tobac-tabac/rc/index-eng.php (accessed December 18, 2015).Search in Google Scholar

34. International Organization for Standardization (ISO): ISO 4387:2000. Determination of Total and Nicotine- Free Dry Particulate Matter using a Routine Analytical Cigarette Smoking Machine Determination of Total Particulate Matter and Preparation for Water and Nicotine Measurements; ISO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2000. Available at: http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=28323 (accessed December 18, 2015)Search in Google Scholar

35. CORESTA Smoke Science Study Group: CORESTA Recommended Method No. 74: Determination of Selected Carbonyls in Mainstream Smoke by HPLC; July 2014, Cooperation Centre for Scientific Research Relative to Tobacco, Paris, France. Available at: http://www.coresta.org/Recommended_Methods/CRM_74-update(July14).pdf (accessed August 21, 2015)Search in Google Scholar

36. United Kingdom Health and Safety Executive: EH40/2005 Workplace Exposure Limits; Second edition 2011. Available at: http://www.hse.gov.uk/pUbns/priced/eh40.pdf (accessed August 21, 2015). ISBN 978 0 7176 6446 7. Search in Google Scholar

Polecane artykuły z Trend MD

Zaplanuj zdalną konferencję ze Sciendo