Rivista e Edizione

Volume 73 (2022): Edizione 1 (June 2022)

Volume 73 (2022): Edizione 1 (June 2022)
Building Web corpora as sources for linguistic research and its applications

Volume 72 (2022): Edizione 4 (June 2022)
Building Web corpora as sources for linguistic research and its applications

Volume 72 (2021): Edizione 3 (December 2021)

Volume 72 (2021): Edizione 2 (December 2021)
NLP, Corpus Linguistics and Interdisciplinarity

Volume 72 (2021): Edizione 1 (June 2021)

Volume 71 (2020): Edizione 3 (December 2020)
Číslo venované problematike maďarského jazyka a maďarských nárečí na Slovensku

Volume 71 (2020): Edizione 2 (December 2020)

Volume 71 (2020): Edizione 1 (June 2020)

Volume 70 (2019): Edizione 3 (December 2019)

Volume 70 (2019): Edizione 2 (December 2019)

Volume 70 (2019): Edizione 1 (June 2019)

Volume 69 (2018): Edizione 3 (December 2018)

Volume 69 (2018): Edizione 2 (December 2018)

Volume 69 (2018): Edizione 1 (June 2018)

Volume 68 (2017): Edizione 3 (December 2017)

Volume 68 (2017): Edizione 2 (December 2017)

Volume 68 (2017): Edizione 1 (June 2017)

Volume 67 (2016): Edizione 3 (December 2016)

Volume 67 (2016): Edizione 2 (December 2016)

Volume 67 (2016): Edizione 1 (June 2016)

Volume 66 (2015): Edizione 2 (December 2015)

Volume 66 (2015): Edizione 1 (June 2015)

Volume 65 (2014): Edizione 2 (December 2014)

Volume 65 (2014): Edizione 1 (June 2014)

Volume 64 (2013): Edizione 2 (December 2013)

Volume 64 (2013): Edizione 1 (June 2013)

Volume 63 (2012): Edizione 2 (December 2012)

Volume 63 (2012): Edizione 1 (June 2012)

Volume 62 (2011): Edizione 2 (December 2011)

Volume 62 (2011): Edizione 1 (June 2011)

Volume 61 (2010): Edizione 2 (December 2010)

Volume 61 (2010): Edizione 1 (June 2010)

Volume 60 (2009): Edizione 2 (December 2009)

Volume 60 (2009): Edizione 1 (June 2009)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1338-4287
ISSN
0021-5597
Pubblicato per la prima volta
05 Mar 2010
Periodo di pubblicazione
2 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 71 (2020): Edizione 1 (June 2020)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1338-4287
ISSN
0021-5597
Pubblicato per la prima volta
05 Mar 2010
Periodo di pubblicazione
2 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

9 Articoli
Accesso libero

FORMULY ODPUSTENIA, PREPÁČENIA A OSPRAVEDLNENIA V PRAGMATICKÝCH SÚVISLOSTIACH1

Pubblicato online: 11 Oct 2020
Pagine: 5 - 23

Astratto

Abstract

This study interprets the forgiveness, pardon and apology formulas in pragmatic contexts. We focus on (a) their interpretation from the perspective of primary and secondary use and on (b) the discoursive success of verb-noun collocations, i.e. collocations of the apologetic verbs and nouns with a common attribute of ‘transgression’. We start from the position of the speaker who presents himself/herself as either the offending or the damaged party. In the role of the offender, he/she either makes an apologetic utterance to the addressee, or asks/begs for an apology, pardon or forgiveness. In the role of the damaged, he/she conveys forgiveness and/or lack thereof, or excuse and/or lack thereof, to the interlocutor. The study focuses on the use of cooperation and politeness strategies (in particular the maxims of generosity and tactfulness) and the public face (we anticipate that the speaker awaits an ‘egocentric’ attitude). The formulas of secondary apologies will be interpreted as a specific politeness strategy that reflects the emphatic nature of the speaker toward the addressee and maximizes speaker's tactfulness. We will show that the Slovak language possesses these functionally supported formulaic and ritualized formulas: phatic and reconciliation formulas, formulas with the ‘lack of understanding’ function, reservations and warnings. The discoursive success of the verb-noun collocations will be identified through correspondence analysis, which renders a correspondence map showing the perimeters of mental apologetic zones in the Slovak language.

Parole chiave

  • speaker
  • addressee
  • guilty party
  • damaged party
  • politeness
  • discoursive success
  • correspondence analysis
Accesso libero

VIDÍŠ TÝM LEPŠIE, ČÍM BLIŽŠIE SA POZERÁŠ SLOVAK COMPARATIVE CORRELATIVE CC' CONSTRUCTIONS FROM A CONSTRUCTION GRAMMAR PERSPECTIVE

Pubblicato online: 11 Oct 2020
Pagine: 25 - 40

Astratto

Abstract

The Slovak Comparative Correlative (CC) construction has received little attention, although it is interesting regarding both its semantics and its form: As discussed in Horsch (2019), CCs are characterized by their complex symmetric (parallel change over time) and asymmetric (cause-effect) semantics, which are encoded in a biclausal structure in which each clause consists of a combination of fixed material and obligatory/optional slots. Typically, the first clause (C1) encodes a cause/protasis, and precedes the second clause (C2), which encodes an effect/apodosis: [čím bližšie sa pozeráš,]C1 [tým lepšie vidíš.]C2 ‘the closer you look, the better you see.’ However, there are also structures that retain the same meaning but in which C2 precedes C1 (often referred to as CC’): [Tým lepšie vidíš]C2 [čím bližšie sa pozeráš.]C1. ‘You see the better, the closer you look.’ Additionally, there is a variant in Slovak where the clause precedes the clause-initial element and comparative element: [Vidíš tým lepšie,]C2 [čím bližšie sa pozeráš.]C1.

Embedded in a Usage-based Construction Grammar approach, this is the first large-scale corpus study to investigate the C2C1 order in Slovak, and how semantics influences its formal properties. It is argued that both the significantly higher amount of C1C2 order in the corpus data and the significantly higher amount of C2C1 structures in which the clause precedes the comparative element in C2 can be explained with the principle of iconicity (linguistic form is influenced by the semantics of a construction), which makes certain strings easier to process and thus leads to performance preference. From a cross-linguistic perspective, the present investigation provides evidence in support of Goldberg’s Tenet #5 (2003, p. 219), which posits that cross-linguistic generalizations can be accounted for with general cognitive constraints.

Parole chiave

  • Slovak Comparative Correlative
  • CC’
  • C2C1
  • Construction Grammar
  • SketchEngine
  • iconicity
Accesso libero

Reciprocity in Czech Light Verb Constructions: The Dependency Perspective

Pubblicato online: 11 Oct 2020
Pagine: 41 - 68

Astratto

Abstract

In this paper, we draw attention to reciprocity in Czech light verb constructions – a language phenomenon, which has not been discussed yet. Reciprocity is contributed to light verb constructions by predictive nouns, as they are the nouns that represent the semantic core of these constructions. Here we focus on reciprocal light verb constructions derived by the syntactic operation of reciprocalization. We show that the complex mapping of semantic participants onto valency complementations, characteristic of reciprocalization, is reflected in reciprocal light verb constructions in the same way as in reciprocal nominal constructions. The main difference between reciprocal nominal constructions and reciprocal light verb constructions lies in the morphosyntactic expression of reciprocalized participants. We demonstrate that surface syntactic changes in reciprocal light verb constructions are regular enough to be described on the rule basis: the rule based generation of reciprocal light verb constructions requires a cooperation of two sets of rules – rules for deep and surface syntactic structure formation of light verb constructions and rules for capturing reciprocity.

Parole chiave

  • syntactic operation of reciprocalization
  • reciprocity of nouns
  • syntactic structure formation of light verb constructions
Accesso libero

KE KONKURENCI GENITIVU POSESIVNÍHO A INDIVIDUÁLNĚ POSESIVNÍCH ADJEKTIV V SOUČASNÉ MLUVENÉ ČEŠTINĚ

Pubblicato online: 11 Oct 2020
Pagine: 69 - 89

Astratto

Abstract

This article deals with the linguistic competition of the possessive genitive and possessive adjectives in contemporary spoken Czech language. It focuses on the differences between the constructions of the type Barbořin byt (Barbora’s flat), byt (naší) Barbory (the flat of (our) Barbora) and (naší) Barbory byt ((our) Barbora’s flat). The paper’s aimis to find out which of the possessive structures are preferred by speakers (and alternatively for what reason) or whether the frequency of their usage is equal. At first, both ways of expressing the possession with all their restrictions are described from the theoretical point of view. Moreover, the semantic relation of possessivity is specified. The next section suggests the influences which may govern the preference of the speaker. Within empirical research, data from the corpus of spoken Czech (ORALv1) are examined and it is seeked for explanation of factors that influence the choice of the structure. This also demonstrates whether one of the possessive structures has a dominant position or whether they occur in similar numbers.

Parole chiave

  • possessive genitive
  • possessive adjective
  • possessive structures
  • corpus analysis
  • spoken Czech
Accesso libero

NIE TYLKO PIES – O KILKU ANIMALISTYCZNYCH NAZWACH FUNKCJONARIUSZY SŁUŻB WIĘZIENNYCH W HISTORII POLSKIEGO SOCJOLEKTU PRZESTĘPCZEGO

Pubblicato online: 11 Oct 2020
Pagine: 91 - 108

Astratto

Abstract

The article deals with the history of the Polish words with primary meanings ‘animal’ and analyzes different views on their origin. The article describes the phenomenon of zoosemic semantic changes in Polish prison slang from the late 19th and early 20th century. Several animal-specific nouns functioning as synonyms for jailer (prison ward) are presented. Sources of individual names are indicated and it is given a description of semantic changes which took place under the influence of foreign languages.

Parole chiave

  • semantics
  • etymology
  • history of words
  • sociolect
Accesso libero

RECENZIE A SPRÁVY

Pubblicato online: 11 Oct 2020
Pagine: 109 - 119

Astratto

Accesso libero

DVE KNIHY HISTORICKEJ „GRAMATIKY“ ČEŠTINY

Pubblicato online: 11 Oct 2020
Pagine: 120 - 126

Astratto

Accesso libero

KUTEVA, Tania – HEINE, Bernd – HONG, Bo – LONG, Haiping – NARROG, Heiko – RHEE, Seongha: WORLD LEXICON OF GRAMMATICALIZATION. Second, extensively revised and updated edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2019. XIV + 632 s. ISBN 978-1-107-13624-3, 978-1-316-50176-4

Pubblicato online: 11 Oct 2020
Pagine: 127 - 128

Astratto

Accesso libero

O BRATISLAVSKOM LINGVISTICKOM KRÚŽku V NEMČIne

Pubblicato online: 11 Oct 2020
Pagine: 129 - 130

Astratto

9 Articoli
Accesso libero

FORMULY ODPUSTENIA, PREPÁČENIA A OSPRAVEDLNENIA V PRAGMATICKÝCH SÚVISLOSTIACH1

Pubblicato online: 11 Oct 2020
Pagine: 5 - 23

Astratto

Abstract

This study interprets the forgiveness, pardon and apology formulas in pragmatic contexts. We focus on (a) their interpretation from the perspective of primary and secondary use and on (b) the discoursive success of verb-noun collocations, i.e. collocations of the apologetic verbs and nouns with a common attribute of ‘transgression’. We start from the position of the speaker who presents himself/herself as either the offending or the damaged party. In the role of the offender, he/she either makes an apologetic utterance to the addressee, or asks/begs for an apology, pardon or forgiveness. In the role of the damaged, he/she conveys forgiveness and/or lack thereof, or excuse and/or lack thereof, to the interlocutor. The study focuses on the use of cooperation and politeness strategies (in particular the maxims of generosity and tactfulness) and the public face (we anticipate that the speaker awaits an ‘egocentric’ attitude). The formulas of secondary apologies will be interpreted as a specific politeness strategy that reflects the emphatic nature of the speaker toward the addressee and maximizes speaker's tactfulness. We will show that the Slovak language possesses these functionally supported formulaic and ritualized formulas: phatic and reconciliation formulas, formulas with the ‘lack of understanding’ function, reservations and warnings. The discoursive success of the verb-noun collocations will be identified through correspondence analysis, which renders a correspondence map showing the perimeters of mental apologetic zones in the Slovak language.

Parole chiave

  • speaker
  • addressee
  • guilty party
  • damaged party
  • politeness
  • discoursive success
  • correspondence analysis
Accesso libero

VIDÍŠ TÝM LEPŠIE, ČÍM BLIŽŠIE SA POZERÁŠ SLOVAK COMPARATIVE CORRELATIVE CC' CONSTRUCTIONS FROM A CONSTRUCTION GRAMMAR PERSPECTIVE

Pubblicato online: 11 Oct 2020
Pagine: 25 - 40

Astratto

Abstract

The Slovak Comparative Correlative (CC) construction has received little attention, although it is interesting regarding both its semantics and its form: As discussed in Horsch (2019), CCs are characterized by their complex symmetric (parallel change over time) and asymmetric (cause-effect) semantics, which are encoded in a biclausal structure in which each clause consists of a combination of fixed material and obligatory/optional slots. Typically, the first clause (C1) encodes a cause/protasis, and precedes the second clause (C2), which encodes an effect/apodosis: [čím bližšie sa pozeráš,]C1 [tým lepšie vidíš.]C2 ‘the closer you look, the better you see.’ However, there are also structures that retain the same meaning but in which C2 precedes C1 (often referred to as CC’): [Tým lepšie vidíš]C2 [čím bližšie sa pozeráš.]C1. ‘You see the better, the closer you look.’ Additionally, there is a variant in Slovak where the clause precedes the clause-initial element and comparative element: [Vidíš tým lepšie,]C2 [čím bližšie sa pozeráš.]C1.

Embedded in a Usage-based Construction Grammar approach, this is the first large-scale corpus study to investigate the C2C1 order in Slovak, and how semantics influences its formal properties. It is argued that both the significantly higher amount of C1C2 order in the corpus data and the significantly higher amount of C2C1 structures in which the clause precedes the comparative element in C2 can be explained with the principle of iconicity (linguistic form is influenced by the semantics of a construction), which makes certain strings easier to process and thus leads to performance preference. From a cross-linguistic perspective, the present investigation provides evidence in support of Goldberg’s Tenet #5 (2003, p. 219), which posits that cross-linguistic generalizations can be accounted for with general cognitive constraints.

Parole chiave

  • Slovak Comparative Correlative
  • CC’
  • C2C1
  • Construction Grammar
  • SketchEngine
  • iconicity
Accesso libero

Reciprocity in Czech Light Verb Constructions: The Dependency Perspective

Pubblicato online: 11 Oct 2020
Pagine: 41 - 68

Astratto

Abstract

In this paper, we draw attention to reciprocity in Czech light verb constructions – a language phenomenon, which has not been discussed yet. Reciprocity is contributed to light verb constructions by predictive nouns, as they are the nouns that represent the semantic core of these constructions. Here we focus on reciprocal light verb constructions derived by the syntactic operation of reciprocalization. We show that the complex mapping of semantic participants onto valency complementations, characteristic of reciprocalization, is reflected in reciprocal light verb constructions in the same way as in reciprocal nominal constructions. The main difference between reciprocal nominal constructions and reciprocal light verb constructions lies in the morphosyntactic expression of reciprocalized participants. We demonstrate that surface syntactic changes in reciprocal light verb constructions are regular enough to be described on the rule basis: the rule based generation of reciprocal light verb constructions requires a cooperation of two sets of rules – rules for deep and surface syntactic structure formation of light verb constructions and rules for capturing reciprocity.

Parole chiave

  • syntactic operation of reciprocalization
  • reciprocity of nouns
  • syntactic structure formation of light verb constructions
Accesso libero

KE KONKURENCI GENITIVU POSESIVNÍHO A INDIVIDUÁLNĚ POSESIVNÍCH ADJEKTIV V SOUČASNÉ MLUVENÉ ČEŠTINĚ

Pubblicato online: 11 Oct 2020
Pagine: 69 - 89

Astratto

Abstract

This article deals with the linguistic competition of the possessive genitive and possessive adjectives in contemporary spoken Czech language. It focuses on the differences between the constructions of the type Barbořin byt (Barbora’s flat), byt (naší) Barbory (the flat of (our) Barbora) and (naší) Barbory byt ((our) Barbora’s flat). The paper’s aimis to find out which of the possessive structures are preferred by speakers (and alternatively for what reason) or whether the frequency of their usage is equal. At first, both ways of expressing the possession with all their restrictions are described from the theoretical point of view. Moreover, the semantic relation of possessivity is specified. The next section suggests the influences which may govern the preference of the speaker. Within empirical research, data from the corpus of spoken Czech (ORALv1) are examined and it is seeked for explanation of factors that influence the choice of the structure. This also demonstrates whether one of the possessive structures has a dominant position or whether they occur in similar numbers.

Parole chiave

  • possessive genitive
  • possessive adjective
  • possessive structures
  • corpus analysis
  • spoken Czech
Accesso libero

NIE TYLKO PIES – O KILKU ANIMALISTYCZNYCH NAZWACH FUNKCJONARIUSZY SŁUŻB WIĘZIENNYCH W HISTORII POLSKIEGO SOCJOLEKTU PRZESTĘPCZEGO

Pubblicato online: 11 Oct 2020
Pagine: 91 - 108

Astratto

Abstract

The article deals with the history of the Polish words with primary meanings ‘animal’ and analyzes different views on their origin. The article describes the phenomenon of zoosemic semantic changes in Polish prison slang from the late 19th and early 20th century. Several animal-specific nouns functioning as synonyms for jailer (prison ward) are presented. Sources of individual names are indicated and it is given a description of semantic changes which took place under the influence of foreign languages.

Parole chiave

  • semantics
  • etymology
  • history of words
  • sociolect
Accesso libero

RECENZIE A SPRÁVY

Pubblicato online: 11 Oct 2020
Pagine: 109 - 119

Astratto

Accesso libero

DVE KNIHY HISTORICKEJ „GRAMATIKY“ ČEŠTINY

Pubblicato online: 11 Oct 2020
Pagine: 120 - 126

Astratto

Accesso libero

KUTEVA, Tania – HEINE, Bernd – HONG, Bo – LONG, Haiping – NARROG, Heiko – RHEE, Seongha: WORLD LEXICON OF GRAMMATICALIZATION. Second, extensively revised and updated edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2019. XIV + 632 s. ISBN 978-1-107-13624-3, 978-1-316-50176-4

Pubblicato online: 11 Oct 2020
Pagine: 127 - 128

Astratto

Accesso libero

O BRATISLAVSKOM LINGVISTICKOM KRÚŽku V NEMČIne

Pubblicato online: 11 Oct 2020
Pagine: 129 - 130

Astratto

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