Rivista e Edizione

Volume 16 (2022): Edizione 1 (June 2022)

Volume 15 (2021): Edizione 2 (December 2021)

Volume 15 (2021): Edizione 1 (June 2021)

Volume 14 (2020): Edizione 2 (December 2020)

Volume 14 (2020): Edizione 1 (June 2020)

Volume 13 (2019): Edizione 2 (December 2019)

Volume 13 (2019): Edizione 1 (June 2019)

Volume 12 (2018): Edizione 2 (December 2018)

Volume 12 (2018): Edizione 1 (June 2018)

Volume 11 (2017): Edizione 2 (December 2017)

Volume 11 (2017): Edizione 1 (June 2017)

Volume 10 (2016): Edizione 2 (December 2016)

Volume 10 (2016): Edizione 1 (June 2016)

Volume 9 (2015): Edizione 2 (December 2015)

Volume 9 (2015): Edizione 1 (June 2015)

Volume 8 (2014): Edizione 2 (December 2014)

Volume 8 (2014): Edizione 1 (June 2014)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1802-1115
Pubblicato per la prima volta
26 Jun 2014
Periodo di pubblicazione
2 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 15 (2021): Edizione 1 (June 2021)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1802-1115
Pubblicato per la prima volta
26 Jun 2014
Periodo di pubblicazione
2 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

8 Articoli
Accesso libero

Mapping the morphology of sprawl and blight: A note on entropy

Pubblicato online: 03 Jul 2021
Pagine: 1 - 18

Astratto

Abstract

The urban expansion from the city center to the suburb and beyond is indicated by Shannon entropy, a robust and versatile measure of sprawl. However, the metropolitan regionwide entropy masks the morphology of land cover and land use consequential to urban expansion within the city-region. To surmount the limitation, we focus on the block-group, which is a US census defined socio-spatial unit that identifies the metropolitan region’s development pattern structurally, forming tracts that comprise neighborhoods. The concentration and dispersion of land use and land cover by block-group reveals a North American metropolitan region’s commonly known but rarely measured spatial structure of its urban and suburban sprawl. We use parcel data from county assessor of property (GIS) and land cover pixel data from the National Land Cover Data (NLCD) to compute block-group land-use and land-cover entropy. The change in block group entropy over a decade indicates whether the city- region’s land use and land cover transition to a concentrated or dispersed pattern. Furthermore, we test a hypothesis that blight correlates with sprawl. Blight and sprawl are among the key factors that plague the metropolitan region. We determine the correlations with household income as well as (block group) distance from the city center. It turns out, blight is among the universally held distance-decay phenomena. The share of the block group’s blighted properties decays (nonlinearly) with distance from the city center.

Highlights for public administration, management and planning:

• The metropolitan region’s outward growth is highlighted by mapping the changing morphology of the block group within the city-region.

• The block group entropy is computed with land use (parcel) and land cover (pixel) data.

• The block group entropy change indicates the pattern of the land use and land cover transition with concentration or dispersion.

• We test the hypothesis that blight correlates with sprawl with statistical models.

• The block group’s blighted properties decrease (nonlinearly) with distance from the city center.

Parole chiave

  • Urban sprawl
  • Shannon entropy
  • Simpson diversity
  • Block group
  • Urban form
  • Blight
  • Land use
  • Land cover
  • Spatial census data
  • GIS
Accesso libero

Impact of land-use land cover dynamics on runoff in Panchnoi River basin, North East India

Pubblicato online: 03 Jul 2021
Pagine: 19 - 29

Astratto

Abstract

Alteration of land-use land cover pattern causes severe consequences on the hydrological system by modifying the rainfall-runoff pattern in a region. The study aimed to investigate the impact of land-use land-cover dynamics on runoff generation in different geomorphic divisions of Panchnoi River basin. The study used the Soil Conservation Service-Curve Number method to estimate runoff generation in the Panchnoi River basin in a GIS platform. This study observed that the conversion of the land-use pattern in the geomorphic zones significantly enhances runoff. The Piedmont experience highest land-use change, where 64.17 km2 forest cover lost to cropland and built-up lands, leads to a notable increase in runoff generation, i.e. from 1 076 mm (52.82% of rainfall) in 1990 to 1 467 mm (70.46% of rainfall) in 2015. The Flood plain and New alluvial plain generates high runoff in the basin as it mostly occupied by human-induced land-uses, i.e. 1 444 mm (72.72% of rainfall) and 1 360 mm (71.70% of rainfall) respectively in 1990, which increase to 1588 mm (79.20%) and 1507 mm (78.69%) runoff respectively in 2015, due to alteration of cropland to built-up lands. In the Old alluvial plain, a marginal land-use change observed resulted in moderate growth in runoff from 1 272 mm (62.35%) to 1 404 mm (66.79%). The study indicates land-use land-cover change invokes to increase runoff generation can give rise severe environmental and economic problems in the river basin, through the occurrence of flashflood and soil erosion.

Highlights for public administration, management and planning:

• Evaluation of the impact of land-use land cover dynamics on runoff is essential for containing flash flood and water resource management on a basin scale.

• Alteration of natural land covers has severe implications in the form of flood, soil erosion, and loss of biodiversity.

• Enhanced runoff due to land-use dynamics reduces groundwater recharge rate that may cause drinking water scarcity in the dry season shortly.

Parole chiave

  • Geographic information system (GIS)
  • Geomorphic zones
  • Land use land cover (LULC)
  • Runoff
  • Soil conservation Service-Curve Number (SCS-CN)
Accesso libero

Moving Across Borders: Brain or brain gain? A comparative in Czechia and Germany

Pubblicato online: 03 Jul 2021
Pagine: 30 - 42

Astratto

Abstract

The continuous drain of young university graduates leaving the country poses the threat of considerable loss, both economic and social. On the other hand, temporary labour migration can bring positive effects (experience, foreign know how). The objective of the article was to identify the attitude of German and Czech university undergraduates to labour migration and to explore the motivation factors that play a role in their decision-making. The research sample consisted of students of economics who study at regional universities in North Bohemia and neighbouring German Saxony. It was established that German students declare a greater interest in working abroad, but they tend to prefer temporary labour migration, while Czech students think more about permanently moving abroad, provided they are considering leaving for another country. Logistic forward stepwise regression was selected to establish significant explaining variables. Surprisingly, “higher salary” did not figure in the created models as an explaining variable in a single case. The amount of salary is an important motivation factor (both for Czech and German students), however, it is not the main factor which influences their decision to go abroad. The explaining variables “I want to live in a different country” and “the opportunity to gain international work experience” were shown in both cases. Governments as well as regional authorities should pay attention to the reasons why qualified workers decide on labour migration and they should pay due care to establishing why qualified workers want to live in a different country. Temporary labour migration should be encouraged and, at the same time, such conditions should be created to motivate highly qualified workers to return home.

Highlights for public administration, management and planning:

• The departure of young people with a university degree abroad represents considerable not only economic but also social losses.

• Temporary labour migration, however, can bring positive effects (experience, foreign know-how). German students declare interest in temporary labour migration, while Czech students prefer permanent migration.

• The salary is an important motivational factor (for both Czech and German students), but it is not the main factor that influences the decision to move abroad.

• Governments, as well as regional authorities, should pay attention to the reasons that lead qualified workers to decide for labour migration and to look closely at answers to why young people want to live in another country.

• Temporary labour migration should be supported by both government and regional authorities. In contrast, conditions should be created to eliminate permanent labour migration.

Parole chiave

  • Brain drain
  • Permanent migration
  • Temporary migration
  • Motivation factors
  • North Bohemia
  • Saxony
Accesso libero

Corporate social responsibility of small- to medium-size enterprises as a solution to out-migration: an example from the hospitality sector

Pubblicato online: 03 Jul 2021
Pagine: 43 - 52

Astratto

Abstract

Local and regional authorities are often held responsible for implementing social and economic “population drain reduction” policies but at the same time are constrained with little fiscal power and inability to access resources. Being considered the “backbone” of local economies, it is on small- to medium-size enterprises (SMSEs) to come up with an “out-migration” solution which would be effective; yet at the same time sustainable, and adding social value to the local or regional development. Therefore, using a sample of 24 SMSEs from the hospitality industry environment, this paper empirically examines corporate social responsibility (CSR) as a prerequisite for employees’ affirmative work attitudes, such as job satisfaction (JS), effective organizational commitment (OC), and employees’ voluntary retention (R). Inspired by Carroll’s (2015, 2016) four-dimensional concept of CSR (economic, legal, ethical, and philanthropic dimension), the findings suggest a significant causal relationship between CSR and the examined employees’ desirable behavior outcomes. However, it is mainly the ethical and legal dimension of CSR that influence all three employees’ affirmative work attitudes - JS, effective OC, and voluntary R. The contribution of this paper also lies in amounting to the body of scholarly literature on CSR in respect to employees. Most works focus on other stakeholders but employees, or are set in different cultural settings or geographical regions, mainly in Asia, and thus their findings might be difficult to implement in the Central European context.

Highlights for public administration, management and planning:

• CSR as a prerequisite for sustainable management of employees’ retention in small-to medium- size enterprises.

• CSR may act as an approach to reduce “out-migration” faced in local and regional development.

• SMSEs adding a social value to local and regional development.

Parole chiave

  • Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Employee Retention
  • Hospitality Sector
  • Small- to Medium- Size Enterprise
  • Sustainability
Accesso libero

Demographic and socio-economic factors influencing health inequalities in the Czech Republic

Pubblicato online: 03 Jul 2021
Pagine: 53 - 65

Astratto

Abstract

Health inequalities, which could be prevented by appropriate means in various areas, are generally perceived as a consequence of injustice in the society and are mostly the result of inequalities in social determinants. The main goal of this article is to determine health inequalities defined by demographic and socio-economic factors at the level of districts of the Czech Republic in the period 2007–2018(due to the specific differences in data, the Capital City of Prague region was not included). The following statistical methods were used to process the data: correlation analysis, principal component analysis, composite indicator, cluster analysis and multidimensional factor analysis. The value of the composite indicator shows a very favorable situation in the districts of Praha-východ and Praha-západ (especially high proportion of university students, low unemployment, age index, infant mortality, abortion rate and housing subsidies), and the unfavourable situation in the districts of Chomutov, Teplice and Most (especially high housing and unemployment subsidies, low rate of university students, negative migration balance, high rates of infant mortality and abortion). The results specify regional disparities of demographic and socio-economic indicators that can cause health inequalities: negative regional disparities (Most, Teplice, Děčín, Bruntál, Karviná, Ostrava-město and Jeseník districts) and positive regional disparities (Praha-západ, Praha-východ, Mladá Boleslav, Jihlava and Brno-venkov). The study presents the results of analyses based on the example of smaller territorial units (districts) and confirms the existence of regional disparities in accordance with research at the national and international level.

Highlights for public administration, management and planning:

• Demographic factors are connected to socio-economic environmental factors (poverty, education, social exclusion, unemployment, social security, family situation etc.) that lead to regional health inequalities.

• The regional disparities of selected demographic and socio-economic indicators of the districts of the Czech Republic that cause health inequalities were specified.

Parole chiave

  • Health inequalities
  • Demographic and socio-economic factors
  • Regional disparities
  • Cluster analysis
Accesso libero

Modelling urban mixed land-use prediction using influence parameters

Pubblicato online: 03 Jul 2021
Pagine: 66 - 78

Astratto

Abstract

Mixed land-use is a popular concept in urban planning due to its expected role in improving environmental sustainability as well as citizen’s quality of life. Land use planning and regulations are not stringent in many cities like those in India, and policies are liberal towards mixed land uses. In these cities, mixed land-uses are a natural phenomenon manifesting under various influencing parameters. However, for studies on mixed land-uses, these cities pose data insufficiency challenges, as vital comprehensive spatial information related to land-uses is not available. Moreover, there is no standardised methodology established to assess the spatial distribution of mixed land-uses at the city level. This research has developed a GIS-based model using Weighted Overlay Analysis to predict and visualise the probability of mixed land-use at the macro or city level for the case of Pune, India. The model uses the easily available spatial data of influencing parameters of mixed land-use as input for prediction instead of comprehensive real land-use data. The model is validated by comparing the predicted mixed land-use intensities with established indicators of mixed land-use for four neighbourhoods. It is found that parameters that influence mixed land-use such as connectivity, grain pattern, population density and access to amenities can be used to predict the probability of mixed land-use. Around 35 per cent of the city area of Pune has more than 0.67 probability of mixed land-use. The model can produce the probable mixed land-use distribution across the city and can be used to compute mixed land-use intensities for neighbourhoods.

Highlights for public administration, management and planning:

• Mixed land-use probability distribution for Pune City, India is generated using Weighted Overlay Analysis in GIS.

• As vital spatial data of land-use was unavailable, the prediction model uses data of influencing parameters of mixed land-uses such as population density, connectivity, grain pattern and access to amenities.

• The mixed land-use probabilities predicted can be used to compute mixed land-use intensities of neighbourhoods. It is validated by comparing with traditional mixed land-use indicators.

Parole chiave

  • Mixed Land-Use Prediction
  • Influencing Parameters
  • Weighted Overlay Analysis
  • Mixed Land-Use Indicator
Accesso libero

Landscape valuation of historical tourism site in Northern Iran: A case study from Sheikh-Zahed Tomb

Pubblicato online: 03 Jul 2021
Pagine: 79 - 89

Astratto

Abstract

In Iran, the importance of landscapes and the need to preserve these unique assets is not particularly recognized especially at tourism and environmental sites. This study investigated the landscape valuation of Sheikh-Zahed Tomb in Northern Iran. The contingent valuation method (CVM), which is based on a survey model, was used to assess visitors’ willingness to pay (WTP) in order to preserve the landscape. The data used in this study were collected though face-to-face interviews with 157 visitors to a historic tomb in the first half of 2019. The results indicate that the average of respondents’ WTP to preserve the landscape was 0.47 $ per year. The annual total economic value (TEV) of the landscape is estimated to be 11 960 782 $. Respondents’ age, monthly income of the respondent’s household, the tomb accessibility, the tomb architectural attraction, and proposed price for the landscape preservation had significant effects on WTP. Proposed empirical model (CVM) provides a comprehensive framework for illustrating landscape valuation of natural heritages and historical tourism sites globally as well as in Iran.

Highlights for public administration, management and planning:

• The evaluation of landscape values of historical site of Sheikh-Zahed tomb (Iran) for visitors is presented.

• Both types of qualitative and quantitative variables affect WTP of visitors for the landscape preservation.

• Among the key factors, the accessibility to the landscape affects its value for visitors, and the pristine and original landscape of the tomb is important for visitors.

Parole chiave

  • Contingent valuation method (CVM)
  • landscape valuation
  • tourism site
  • Northern Iran
Accesso libero

What is the current state of geoparticipation in Czech municipalities?

Pubblicato online: 03 Jul 2021
Pagine: 90 - 103

Astratto

Abstract

The active involvement of citizens in decision-making processes via geoparticipatory spatial tools is becoming a popular research field among geographers, GIScientists, environmental psychologists, political scientists and many others. This paper presents the idea of the Index of geoparticipation – an indicator-based index divided into three dimensions (communication, participation, transparency) that helps to evaluate the state of geoparticipation among Czech municipalities. It describes the current state of geoparticipation at the municipality level in Czechia. It aims to fill the research gap in finding which components of geoparticipation at the municipality level are being used, and how their use is affected by the size of municipalities and their membership of Local Agenda 21 networks. The paper builds upon an extensive dataset collected by the authors from all Czech municipalities (n=6 258) and presents various “shades” of geoparticipation in Czechia.

Highlights for public administration, management and planning:

• The highest average values of the Index of geoparticipation were obtained from the regions’ capital cities, followed by statutory cities, municipalities with extended powers, municipalities which are members of the Healthy Cities of the Czech Republic (HCCZ) network and cities.

• HCCZ member municipalities use geoparticipatory tools significantly more than the rest of the Czech municipalities

• The communication dimension is the most widely implemented pillar of the Index of geoparticipation

• There is no significant relationship between social exclusion and geoparticipation at the nationwide level

Parole chiave

  • Geoparticipation
  • Local governance
  • Democratic innovations
8 Articoli
Accesso libero

Mapping the morphology of sprawl and blight: A note on entropy

Pubblicato online: 03 Jul 2021
Pagine: 1 - 18

Astratto

Abstract

The urban expansion from the city center to the suburb and beyond is indicated by Shannon entropy, a robust and versatile measure of sprawl. However, the metropolitan regionwide entropy masks the morphology of land cover and land use consequential to urban expansion within the city-region. To surmount the limitation, we focus on the block-group, which is a US census defined socio-spatial unit that identifies the metropolitan region’s development pattern structurally, forming tracts that comprise neighborhoods. The concentration and dispersion of land use and land cover by block-group reveals a North American metropolitan region’s commonly known but rarely measured spatial structure of its urban and suburban sprawl. We use parcel data from county assessor of property (GIS) and land cover pixel data from the National Land Cover Data (NLCD) to compute block-group land-use and land-cover entropy. The change in block group entropy over a decade indicates whether the city- region’s land use and land cover transition to a concentrated or dispersed pattern. Furthermore, we test a hypothesis that blight correlates with sprawl. Blight and sprawl are among the key factors that plague the metropolitan region. We determine the correlations with household income as well as (block group) distance from the city center. It turns out, blight is among the universally held distance-decay phenomena. The share of the block group’s blighted properties decays (nonlinearly) with distance from the city center.

Highlights for public administration, management and planning:

• The metropolitan region’s outward growth is highlighted by mapping the changing morphology of the block group within the city-region.

• The block group entropy is computed with land use (parcel) and land cover (pixel) data.

• The block group entropy change indicates the pattern of the land use and land cover transition with concentration or dispersion.

• We test the hypothesis that blight correlates with sprawl with statistical models.

• The block group’s blighted properties decrease (nonlinearly) with distance from the city center.

Parole chiave

  • Urban sprawl
  • Shannon entropy
  • Simpson diversity
  • Block group
  • Urban form
  • Blight
  • Land use
  • Land cover
  • Spatial census data
  • GIS
Accesso libero

Impact of land-use land cover dynamics on runoff in Panchnoi River basin, North East India

Pubblicato online: 03 Jul 2021
Pagine: 19 - 29

Astratto

Abstract

Alteration of land-use land cover pattern causes severe consequences on the hydrological system by modifying the rainfall-runoff pattern in a region. The study aimed to investigate the impact of land-use land-cover dynamics on runoff generation in different geomorphic divisions of Panchnoi River basin. The study used the Soil Conservation Service-Curve Number method to estimate runoff generation in the Panchnoi River basin in a GIS platform. This study observed that the conversion of the land-use pattern in the geomorphic zones significantly enhances runoff. The Piedmont experience highest land-use change, where 64.17 km2 forest cover lost to cropland and built-up lands, leads to a notable increase in runoff generation, i.e. from 1 076 mm (52.82% of rainfall) in 1990 to 1 467 mm (70.46% of rainfall) in 2015. The Flood plain and New alluvial plain generates high runoff in the basin as it mostly occupied by human-induced land-uses, i.e. 1 444 mm (72.72% of rainfall) and 1 360 mm (71.70% of rainfall) respectively in 1990, which increase to 1588 mm (79.20%) and 1507 mm (78.69%) runoff respectively in 2015, due to alteration of cropland to built-up lands. In the Old alluvial plain, a marginal land-use change observed resulted in moderate growth in runoff from 1 272 mm (62.35%) to 1 404 mm (66.79%). The study indicates land-use land-cover change invokes to increase runoff generation can give rise severe environmental and economic problems in the river basin, through the occurrence of flashflood and soil erosion.

Highlights for public administration, management and planning:

• Evaluation of the impact of land-use land cover dynamics on runoff is essential for containing flash flood and water resource management on a basin scale.

• Alteration of natural land covers has severe implications in the form of flood, soil erosion, and loss of biodiversity.

• Enhanced runoff due to land-use dynamics reduces groundwater recharge rate that may cause drinking water scarcity in the dry season shortly.

Parole chiave

  • Geographic information system (GIS)
  • Geomorphic zones
  • Land use land cover (LULC)
  • Runoff
  • Soil conservation Service-Curve Number (SCS-CN)
Accesso libero

Moving Across Borders: Brain or brain gain? A comparative in Czechia and Germany

Pubblicato online: 03 Jul 2021
Pagine: 30 - 42

Astratto

Abstract

The continuous drain of young university graduates leaving the country poses the threat of considerable loss, both economic and social. On the other hand, temporary labour migration can bring positive effects (experience, foreign know how). The objective of the article was to identify the attitude of German and Czech university undergraduates to labour migration and to explore the motivation factors that play a role in their decision-making. The research sample consisted of students of economics who study at regional universities in North Bohemia and neighbouring German Saxony. It was established that German students declare a greater interest in working abroad, but they tend to prefer temporary labour migration, while Czech students think more about permanently moving abroad, provided they are considering leaving for another country. Logistic forward stepwise regression was selected to establish significant explaining variables. Surprisingly, “higher salary” did not figure in the created models as an explaining variable in a single case. The amount of salary is an important motivation factor (both for Czech and German students), however, it is not the main factor which influences their decision to go abroad. The explaining variables “I want to live in a different country” and “the opportunity to gain international work experience” were shown in both cases. Governments as well as regional authorities should pay attention to the reasons why qualified workers decide on labour migration and they should pay due care to establishing why qualified workers want to live in a different country. Temporary labour migration should be encouraged and, at the same time, such conditions should be created to motivate highly qualified workers to return home.

Highlights for public administration, management and planning:

• The departure of young people with a university degree abroad represents considerable not only economic but also social losses.

• Temporary labour migration, however, can bring positive effects (experience, foreign know-how). German students declare interest in temporary labour migration, while Czech students prefer permanent migration.

• The salary is an important motivational factor (for both Czech and German students), but it is not the main factor that influences the decision to move abroad.

• Governments, as well as regional authorities, should pay attention to the reasons that lead qualified workers to decide for labour migration and to look closely at answers to why young people want to live in another country.

• Temporary labour migration should be supported by both government and regional authorities. In contrast, conditions should be created to eliminate permanent labour migration.

Parole chiave

  • Brain drain
  • Permanent migration
  • Temporary migration
  • Motivation factors
  • North Bohemia
  • Saxony
Accesso libero

Corporate social responsibility of small- to medium-size enterprises as a solution to out-migration: an example from the hospitality sector

Pubblicato online: 03 Jul 2021
Pagine: 43 - 52

Astratto

Abstract

Local and regional authorities are often held responsible for implementing social and economic “population drain reduction” policies but at the same time are constrained with little fiscal power and inability to access resources. Being considered the “backbone” of local economies, it is on small- to medium-size enterprises (SMSEs) to come up with an “out-migration” solution which would be effective; yet at the same time sustainable, and adding social value to the local or regional development. Therefore, using a sample of 24 SMSEs from the hospitality industry environment, this paper empirically examines corporate social responsibility (CSR) as a prerequisite for employees’ affirmative work attitudes, such as job satisfaction (JS), effective organizational commitment (OC), and employees’ voluntary retention (R). Inspired by Carroll’s (2015, 2016) four-dimensional concept of CSR (economic, legal, ethical, and philanthropic dimension), the findings suggest a significant causal relationship between CSR and the examined employees’ desirable behavior outcomes. However, it is mainly the ethical and legal dimension of CSR that influence all three employees’ affirmative work attitudes - JS, effective OC, and voluntary R. The contribution of this paper also lies in amounting to the body of scholarly literature on CSR in respect to employees. Most works focus on other stakeholders but employees, or are set in different cultural settings or geographical regions, mainly in Asia, and thus their findings might be difficult to implement in the Central European context.

Highlights for public administration, management and planning:

• CSR as a prerequisite for sustainable management of employees’ retention in small-to medium- size enterprises.

• CSR may act as an approach to reduce “out-migration” faced in local and regional development.

• SMSEs adding a social value to local and regional development.

Parole chiave

  • Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Employee Retention
  • Hospitality Sector
  • Small- to Medium- Size Enterprise
  • Sustainability
Accesso libero

Demographic and socio-economic factors influencing health inequalities in the Czech Republic

Pubblicato online: 03 Jul 2021
Pagine: 53 - 65

Astratto

Abstract

Health inequalities, which could be prevented by appropriate means in various areas, are generally perceived as a consequence of injustice in the society and are mostly the result of inequalities in social determinants. The main goal of this article is to determine health inequalities defined by demographic and socio-economic factors at the level of districts of the Czech Republic in the period 2007–2018(due to the specific differences in data, the Capital City of Prague region was not included). The following statistical methods were used to process the data: correlation analysis, principal component analysis, composite indicator, cluster analysis and multidimensional factor analysis. The value of the composite indicator shows a very favorable situation in the districts of Praha-východ and Praha-západ (especially high proportion of university students, low unemployment, age index, infant mortality, abortion rate and housing subsidies), and the unfavourable situation in the districts of Chomutov, Teplice and Most (especially high housing and unemployment subsidies, low rate of university students, negative migration balance, high rates of infant mortality and abortion). The results specify regional disparities of demographic and socio-economic indicators that can cause health inequalities: negative regional disparities (Most, Teplice, Děčín, Bruntál, Karviná, Ostrava-město and Jeseník districts) and positive regional disparities (Praha-západ, Praha-východ, Mladá Boleslav, Jihlava and Brno-venkov). The study presents the results of analyses based on the example of smaller territorial units (districts) and confirms the existence of regional disparities in accordance with research at the national and international level.

Highlights for public administration, management and planning:

• Demographic factors are connected to socio-economic environmental factors (poverty, education, social exclusion, unemployment, social security, family situation etc.) that lead to regional health inequalities.

• The regional disparities of selected demographic and socio-economic indicators of the districts of the Czech Republic that cause health inequalities were specified.

Parole chiave

  • Health inequalities
  • Demographic and socio-economic factors
  • Regional disparities
  • Cluster analysis
Accesso libero

Modelling urban mixed land-use prediction using influence parameters

Pubblicato online: 03 Jul 2021
Pagine: 66 - 78

Astratto

Abstract

Mixed land-use is a popular concept in urban planning due to its expected role in improving environmental sustainability as well as citizen’s quality of life. Land use planning and regulations are not stringent in many cities like those in India, and policies are liberal towards mixed land uses. In these cities, mixed land-uses are a natural phenomenon manifesting under various influencing parameters. However, for studies on mixed land-uses, these cities pose data insufficiency challenges, as vital comprehensive spatial information related to land-uses is not available. Moreover, there is no standardised methodology established to assess the spatial distribution of mixed land-uses at the city level. This research has developed a GIS-based model using Weighted Overlay Analysis to predict and visualise the probability of mixed land-use at the macro or city level for the case of Pune, India. The model uses the easily available spatial data of influencing parameters of mixed land-use as input for prediction instead of comprehensive real land-use data. The model is validated by comparing the predicted mixed land-use intensities with established indicators of mixed land-use for four neighbourhoods. It is found that parameters that influence mixed land-use such as connectivity, grain pattern, population density and access to amenities can be used to predict the probability of mixed land-use. Around 35 per cent of the city area of Pune has more than 0.67 probability of mixed land-use. The model can produce the probable mixed land-use distribution across the city and can be used to compute mixed land-use intensities for neighbourhoods.

Highlights for public administration, management and planning:

• Mixed land-use probability distribution for Pune City, India is generated using Weighted Overlay Analysis in GIS.

• As vital spatial data of land-use was unavailable, the prediction model uses data of influencing parameters of mixed land-uses such as population density, connectivity, grain pattern and access to amenities.

• The mixed land-use probabilities predicted can be used to compute mixed land-use intensities of neighbourhoods. It is validated by comparing with traditional mixed land-use indicators.

Parole chiave

  • Mixed Land-Use Prediction
  • Influencing Parameters
  • Weighted Overlay Analysis
  • Mixed Land-Use Indicator
Accesso libero

Landscape valuation of historical tourism site in Northern Iran: A case study from Sheikh-Zahed Tomb

Pubblicato online: 03 Jul 2021
Pagine: 79 - 89

Astratto

Abstract

In Iran, the importance of landscapes and the need to preserve these unique assets is not particularly recognized especially at tourism and environmental sites. This study investigated the landscape valuation of Sheikh-Zahed Tomb in Northern Iran. The contingent valuation method (CVM), which is based on a survey model, was used to assess visitors’ willingness to pay (WTP) in order to preserve the landscape. The data used in this study were collected though face-to-face interviews with 157 visitors to a historic tomb in the first half of 2019. The results indicate that the average of respondents’ WTP to preserve the landscape was 0.47 $ per year. The annual total economic value (TEV) of the landscape is estimated to be 11 960 782 $. Respondents’ age, monthly income of the respondent’s household, the tomb accessibility, the tomb architectural attraction, and proposed price for the landscape preservation had significant effects on WTP. Proposed empirical model (CVM) provides a comprehensive framework for illustrating landscape valuation of natural heritages and historical tourism sites globally as well as in Iran.

Highlights for public administration, management and planning:

• The evaluation of landscape values of historical site of Sheikh-Zahed tomb (Iran) for visitors is presented.

• Both types of qualitative and quantitative variables affect WTP of visitors for the landscape preservation.

• Among the key factors, the accessibility to the landscape affects its value for visitors, and the pristine and original landscape of the tomb is important for visitors.

Parole chiave

  • Contingent valuation method (CVM)
  • landscape valuation
  • tourism site
  • Northern Iran
Accesso libero

What is the current state of geoparticipation in Czech municipalities?

Pubblicato online: 03 Jul 2021
Pagine: 90 - 103

Astratto

Abstract

The active involvement of citizens in decision-making processes via geoparticipatory spatial tools is becoming a popular research field among geographers, GIScientists, environmental psychologists, political scientists and many others. This paper presents the idea of the Index of geoparticipation – an indicator-based index divided into three dimensions (communication, participation, transparency) that helps to evaluate the state of geoparticipation among Czech municipalities. It describes the current state of geoparticipation at the municipality level in Czechia. It aims to fill the research gap in finding which components of geoparticipation at the municipality level are being used, and how their use is affected by the size of municipalities and their membership of Local Agenda 21 networks. The paper builds upon an extensive dataset collected by the authors from all Czech municipalities (n=6 258) and presents various “shades” of geoparticipation in Czechia.

Highlights for public administration, management and planning:

• The highest average values of the Index of geoparticipation were obtained from the regions’ capital cities, followed by statutory cities, municipalities with extended powers, municipalities which are members of the Healthy Cities of the Czech Republic (HCCZ) network and cities.

• HCCZ member municipalities use geoparticipatory tools significantly more than the rest of the Czech municipalities

• The communication dimension is the most widely implemented pillar of the Index of geoparticipation

• There is no significant relationship between social exclusion and geoparticipation at the nationwide level

Parole chiave

  • Geoparticipation
  • Local governance
  • Democratic innovations

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