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Volume 10 (2020): Edizione 1 (June 2020)

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Volume 9 (2019): Edizione 3 (September 2019)

Volume 9 (2019): Edizione 2 (September 2019)

Volume 9 (2019): Edizione 1 (June 2019)

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Volume 8 (2018): Edizione 1 (June 2018)

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Volume 7 (2017): Edizione 1 (June 2017)

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Volume 5 (2015): Edizione 1 (February 2015)

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Volume 3 (2013): Edizione 2 (October 2013)

Volume 3 (2013): Edizione 1 (June 2013)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2674-4619
Pubblicato per la prima volta
18 Jun 2013
Periodo di pubblicazione
2 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 9 (2019): Edizione 2 (September 2019)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2674-4619
Pubblicato per la prima volta
18 Jun 2013
Periodo di pubblicazione
2 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

9 Articoli
Accesso libero

The Asian Experience for Europe: New Perspectives

Pubblicato online: 07 Nov 2019
Pagine: 3 - 5

Astratto

Accesso libero

ASEM’s First Two Decades: A Role Discovered

Pubblicato online: 07 Nov 2019
Pagine: 6 - 19

Astratto

Abstract

This article examines the first two decades of the transregional Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM) from its inception with the Bangkok Summit of 1996. Examining instances of region building and the socialisation of states, it identifies the gradual emergence of a role for the forum, one that stands in some contrast to initial participant expectations. In this respect, rather than a structure for delivering substantive negotiated outcomes around issues such as trade liberalisation, the value of ASEM across its first 20 years came increasingly to be seen in its ideational aspects: identity building, norm diffusion, and dialogue without preconceptions.

Parole chiave

  • Asia–Europe Meeting
  • the European Union
  • interregionalism
  • transregionalism
  • the Asia-Pacific region
Accesso libero

Singapore’s Policy in the Asia-Pacific: ASEAN and Open Regionalism

Pubblicato online: 07 Nov 2019
Pagine: 20 - 39

Astratto

Abstract

Singapore’s policies and approach towards the Asia-Pacific region are guided by conservative pragmatism dictated by two imperatives—the geographical constraints of a small city state without a hinterland or natural resources, and the constant need to stay economically competitive and politically relevant in order to survive and thrive. This chapter begins with an overview of the historical development of Singapore and then zooms in to focus on its foreign policy thinking and development approach and examines how these then translate into actual policy and posturing in its immediate neighbourhood and the broader Asia-Pacific region.

Parole chiave

  • ASEAN
  • foreign policy
  • international relations
  • regionalism
  • Singapore
Accesso libero

Japan’s Diplomatic Strategy toward East Asia: Creation and Evolution of ‘Dual-Track Diplomacy’ in the Post-Cold War Era

Pubblicato online: 07 Nov 2019
Pagine: 40 - 60

Astratto

Abstract

Japan’s diplomatic strategy toward East Asia underwent three main changes in the post-Cold War era. The first change occurred soon after the 1991 Persian Gulf War propelled Japan to consider a potential way to contribute to international security, resulting in the creation of dual-track diplomacy. The second was the consolidation of Japan’s dual-track diplomacy by strengthening the US–Japan alliance and supporting the ASEAN’s multilateral initiatives in the early 2000s. The third was the enhancement of Japan’s own security efforts to maintain regional stability while making the most of the existing political and security mechanisms in East Asia—multilateralizing US alliance networks and enhancing the ASEAN-led multilateral frameworks. In the future, two factors would likely play a critical role in shaping Japan’s diplomatic strategy: the degree of the future US commitment to the alliance with Japan and the level of China’s assertiveness.

Parole chiave

  • ASEAN
  • China
  • diplomacy
  • international security
  • Japan
  • the balance of power
  • US–Japan alliance
Accesso libero

Cities & International Policy Diffusion: The Case of Tokyo

Pubblicato online: 07 Nov 2019
Pagine: 61 - 74

Astratto

Abstract

In an increasingly globalised world, today’s international challenges such as climate change transcend national boundaries and require multi-level governance responses. Cities, in particular, stand out as an essential governing unit with huge potentials in resolving some of the 21st century’s most pressing concerns. The recent explosion of the phenomenon of city-networks reflects intensifying city-to-city interactions in addressing global environmental issues. This article examines the case of Tokyo in addressing challenges posed by climate change. Examining the origin, development, and diffusion of Tokyo’s climate change policy, the cap-and-trade scheme was found to have first diffused from Europe to Tokyo, adjusted to adapt to the local context, then further diffused to other Asian cities. Study of Tokyo’s experience demonstrates that policy formation does not always follow a centralized, top-down, command-and-control approach. This findings challenge conventional realist conception which emphasises the dominance of central authorities and sovereign states in global policy formation. Under the framework of global governance, this article argues that cities are important sites of policy experimentation and innovation, and that the case of Tokyo demonstrates the potential of cross-country policy diffusion.

Parole chiave

  • cities
  • climate change
  • environmental governance
  • global governance
  • Tokyo
Accesso libero

The Rise of China and Its Implications to Northeast Asia

Pubblicato online: 07 Nov 2019
Pagine: 75 - 97

Astratto

Abstract

The rise of China has aroused heated debates on whether the country would become the “revisionist” power in challenging the supreme position of the “status quo” power, the United States. This paper aims to examine whether the rise of China would, firstly, empower Beijing to solve the long-term crisis in the Korean Peninsula, and secondly, complicates the picture in solving the difficult historical and political issues in Sino-Japanese relations. It is argued that the increasing economic and military capabilities of China are not instrumental in fostering significant changes within North Korea and in monitoring the external behavior of its leaders. A more nationalistic China which lacks soft power also hinders a favorable solution to the challenges of Sino-Japanese relations.

Parole chiave

  • balancer
  • brinkmanship
  • Diaoyu Islands
  • international norms
  • nationalism
  • Pivot to Asia
  • Rebalancing
  • revisionist power
  • Six-Party Talks
  • soft power
  • status quo power
Accesso libero

Independence or Reunification? The Evolving PRC–Taiwan Relations

Pubblicato online: 07 Nov 2019
Pagine: 98 - 122

Astratto

Abstract

The article attempts to examine the relationship between Taiwan, a de facto political entity, and the People’s Republic of China (Mainland China) since 1949, the landmark year when the then ruling party KMT (The Nationalist Party) was defeated by the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) in the Mainland. Essentially, the narrative is focused on the government policies by the two respective political entities. The PRC pledged to unify Taiwan again and subsequently its unification policies are delineated. A two-stage schema is proposed for the analysis, albeit the second stage can be further divided into three phases. As for Taiwan, a five-stage categorization is proposed. Moreover, three sets of factors influencing the cross-Strait relations would be discussed, namely the power dynamics within the PRC, internal development inside Taiwan and the role of the USA. Finally, the implications of the coming of Trump era are outlined.

Parole chiave

  • cross-Strait relations
  • “one China, respective interpretations”
  • “one country, two systems”
  • two-state theory
  • unification
Accesso libero

The Mesmerizing Journey from Gyeongju to Lisbon: The BRI as a Mechanism of De-bordering, Re-bordering, and Co-bordering

Pubblicato online: 07 Nov 2019
Pagine: 123 - 152

Astratto

Abstract

This paper argues that the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) as a de-bordering mechanism makes a positive contribution to border security. Three central concepts—de-bordering, re-bordering and co-bordering—are used to examine the future of borders, and further develop the notion of the “cycle” of borders. This research adopts a political science perspective and combines the theory of borders with the Copenhagen School and Paris School of security, bearing in mind the BRI as an access strategy. Furthermore, the BRI elements of connectivity are central to de-bordering. Finally, this paper maintains that the BRI makes different contributions to border security, that borders are “alive”, and that they are the result of cooperative or antagonistic human interactions in which asymmetry in perception is the leading cause of conflict.

Parole chiave

  • border theory
  • BRI
  • co-bordering
  • de-bordering
  • re-bordering
  • security
Accesso libero

The Belt and Road Initiative: The Cornerstone of the New-Fangled Financial Institutionalism Led by China

Pubblicato online: 07 Nov 2019
Pagine: 153 - 182

Astratto

Abstract

The debate about the benefits and the risks brought both to People’s Republic of China and to the other participant countries by the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has been gaining momentum in the academic and in the political landscapes. We argue that the BRI is the main pillar of the new financial institutionalism proposed by China to redefine the current global financial architecture and that, consequently, the initiative needs to be considered in that context. This paper (i) reviews the timeline that led to this Chinese-led new financial institutionalism, (ii) proposes two theoretical frameworks to define the concept of multilateral financial statecraft and of new financial institutionalism led by China, and (iii) enumerates the main differences and similarities observed between this new financial institutionalism and the one dominated by the Bretton Woods-related institutions that gradually emerged after World War II, such as the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Marshall Plan, and the Asian Development Bank.

Parole chiave

  • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
  • Belt and Road Initiative
  • China
  • development finance
  • economic diplomacy
  • financial institutionalism
  • financial statecraft
  • international financial institutions
  • multilateral development banks
9 Articoli
Accesso libero

The Asian Experience for Europe: New Perspectives

Pubblicato online: 07 Nov 2019
Pagine: 3 - 5

Astratto

Accesso libero

ASEM’s First Two Decades: A Role Discovered

Pubblicato online: 07 Nov 2019
Pagine: 6 - 19

Astratto

Abstract

This article examines the first two decades of the transregional Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM) from its inception with the Bangkok Summit of 1996. Examining instances of region building and the socialisation of states, it identifies the gradual emergence of a role for the forum, one that stands in some contrast to initial participant expectations. In this respect, rather than a structure for delivering substantive negotiated outcomes around issues such as trade liberalisation, the value of ASEM across its first 20 years came increasingly to be seen in its ideational aspects: identity building, norm diffusion, and dialogue without preconceptions.

Parole chiave

  • Asia–Europe Meeting
  • the European Union
  • interregionalism
  • transregionalism
  • the Asia-Pacific region
Accesso libero

Singapore’s Policy in the Asia-Pacific: ASEAN and Open Regionalism

Pubblicato online: 07 Nov 2019
Pagine: 20 - 39

Astratto

Abstract

Singapore’s policies and approach towards the Asia-Pacific region are guided by conservative pragmatism dictated by two imperatives—the geographical constraints of a small city state without a hinterland or natural resources, and the constant need to stay economically competitive and politically relevant in order to survive and thrive. This chapter begins with an overview of the historical development of Singapore and then zooms in to focus on its foreign policy thinking and development approach and examines how these then translate into actual policy and posturing in its immediate neighbourhood and the broader Asia-Pacific region.

Parole chiave

  • ASEAN
  • foreign policy
  • international relations
  • regionalism
  • Singapore
Accesso libero

Japan’s Diplomatic Strategy toward East Asia: Creation and Evolution of ‘Dual-Track Diplomacy’ in the Post-Cold War Era

Pubblicato online: 07 Nov 2019
Pagine: 40 - 60

Astratto

Abstract

Japan’s diplomatic strategy toward East Asia underwent three main changes in the post-Cold War era. The first change occurred soon after the 1991 Persian Gulf War propelled Japan to consider a potential way to contribute to international security, resulting in the creation of dual-track diplomacy. The second was the consolidation of Japan’s dual-track diplomacy by strengthening the US–Japan alliance and supporting the ASEAN’s multilateral initiatives in the early 2000s. The third was the enhancement of Japan’s own security efforts to maintain regional stability while making the most of the existing political and security mechanisms in East Asia—multilateralizing US alliance networks and enhancing the ASEAN-led multilateral frameworks. In the future, two factors would likely play a critical role in shaping Japan’s diplomatic strategy: the degree of the future US commitment to the alliance with Japan and the level of China’s assertiveness.

Parole chiave

  • ASEAN
  • China
  • diplomacy
  • international security
  • Japan
  • the balance of power
  • US–Japan alliance
Accesso libero

Cities & International Policy Diffusion: The Case of Tokyo

Pubblicato online: 07 Nov 2019
Pagine: 61 - 74

Astratto

Abstract

In an increasingly globalised world, today’s international challenges such as climate change transcend national boundaries and require multi-level governance responses. Cities, in particular, stand out as an essential governing unit with huge potentials in resolving some of the 21st century’s most pressing concerns. The recent explosion of the phenomenon of city-networks reflects intensifying city-to-city interactions in addressing global environmental issues. This article examines the case of Tokyo in addressing challenges posed by climate change. Examining the origin, development, and diffusion of Tokyo’s climate change policy, the cap-and-trade scheme was found to have first diffused from Europe to Tokyo, adjusted to adapt to the local context, then further diffused to other Asian cities. Study of Tokyo’s experience demonstrates that policy formation does not always follow a centralized, top-down, command-and-control approach. This findings challenge conventional realist conception which emphasises the dominance of central authorities and sovereign states in global policy formation. Under the framework of global governance, this article argues that cities are important sites of policy experimentation and innovation, and that the case of Tokyo demonstrates the potential of cross-country policy diffusion.

Parole chiave

  • cities
  • climate change
  • environmental governance
  • global governance
  • Tokyo
Accesso libero

The Rise of China and Its Implications to Northeast Asia

Pubblicato online: 07 Nov 2019
Pagine: 75 - 97

Astratto

Abstract

The rise of China has aroused heated debates on whether the country would become the “revisionist” power in challenging the supreme position of the “status quo” power, the United States. This paper aims to examine whether the rise of China would, firstly, empower Beijing to solve the long-term crisis in the Korean Peninsula, and secondly, complicates the picture in solving the difficult historical and political issues in Sino-Japanese relations. It is argued that the increasing economic and military capabilities of China are not instrumental in fostering significant changes within North Korea and in monitoring the external behavior of its leaders. A more nationalistic China which lacks soft power also hinders a favorable solution to the challenges of Sino-Japanese relations.

Parole chiave

  • balancer
  • brinkmanship
  • Diaoyu Islands
  • international norms
  • nationalism
  • Pivot to Asia
  • Rebalancing
  • revisionist power
  • Six-Party Talks
  • soft power
  • status quo power
Accesso libero

Independence or Reunification? The Evolving PRC–Taiwan Relations

Pubblicato online: 07 Nov 2019
Pagine: 98 - 122

Astratto

Abstract

The article attempts to examine the relationship between Taiwan, a de facto political entity, and the People’s Republic of China (Mainland China) since 1949, the landmark year when the then ruling party KMT (The Nationalist Party) was defeated by the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) in the Mainland. Essentially, the narrative is focused on the government policies by the two respective political entities. The PRC pledged to unify Taiwan again and subsequently its unification policies are delineated. A two-stage schema is proposed for the analysis, albeit the second stage can be further divided into three phases. As for Taiwan, a five-stage categorization is proposed. Moreover, three sets of factors influencing the cross-Strait relations would be discussed, namely the power dynamics within the PRC, internal development inside Taiwan and the role of the USA. Finally, the implications of the coming of Trump era are outlined.

Parole chiave

  • cross-Strait relations
  • “one China, respective interpretations”
  • “one country, two systems”
  • two-state theory
  • unification
Accesso libero

The Mesmerizing Journey from Gyeongju to Lisbon: The BRI as a Mechanism of De-bordering, Re-bordering, and Co-bordering

Pubblicato online: 07 Nov 2019
Pagine: 123 - 152

Astratto

Abstract

This paper argues that the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) as a de-bordering mechanism makes a positive contribution to border security. Three central concepts—de-bordering, re-bordering and co-bordering—are used to examine the future of borders, and further develop the notion of the “cycle” of borders. This research adopts a political science perspective and combines the theory of borders with the Copenhagen School and Paris School of security, bearing in mind the BRI as an access strategy. Furthermore, the BRI elements of connectivity are central to de-bordering. Finally, this paper maintains that the BRI makes different contributions to border security, that borders are “alive”, and that they are the result of cooperative or antagonistic human interactions in which asymmetry in perception is the leading cause of conflict.

Parole chiave

  • border theory
  • BRI
  • co-bordering
  • de-bordering
  • re-bordering
  • security
Accesso libero

The Belt and Road Initiative: The Cornerstone of the New-Fangled Financial Institutionalism Led by China

Pubblicato online: 07 Nov 2019
Pagine: 153 - 182

Astratto

Abstract

The debate about the benefits and the risks brought both to People’s Republic of China and to the other participant countries by the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has been gaining momentum in the academic and in the political landscapes. We argue that the BRI is the main pillar of the new financial institutionalism proposed by China to redefine the current global financial architecture and that, consequently, the initiative needs to be considered in that context. This paper (i) reviews the timeline that led to this Chinese-led new financial institutionalism, (ii) proposes two theoretical frameworks to define the concept of multilateral financial statecraft and of new financial institutionalism led by China, and (iii) enumerates the main differences and similarities observed between this new financial institutionalism and the one dominated by the Bretton Woods-related institutions that gradually emerged after World War II, such as the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Marshall Plan, and the Asian Development Bank.

Parole chiave

  • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
  • Belt and Road Initiative
  • China
  • development finance
  • economic diplomacy
  • financial institutionalism
  • financial statecraft
  • international financial institutions
  • multilateral development banks

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