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Volume 21 (2021): Issue 2 (December 2021)

Volume 21 (2021): Issue 1 (April 2021)

Volume 20 (2020): Issue 1 (April 2020)

Volume 19 (2019): Issue 2 (October 2019)

Volume 19 (2019): Issue 1 (April 2019)

Volume 18 (2018): Issue 2 (October 2018)

Volume 18 (2018): Issue 1 (April 2018)

Volume 17 (2017): Issue 2 (October 2017)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2286-2455
First Published
16 Apr 2016
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 18 (2018): Issue 2 (October 2018)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2286-2455
First Published
16 Apr 2016
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English

Search

12 Articles
Open Access

Load Monitoring Solutions for the Smart Buildings – An Overview

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 1 - 6

Abstract

Abstract

The development of intelligent smart grids requires new electrical monitoring solutions in order to optimize power consumption. The implementation of intelligent energy-monitors leads to new technical developments to optimize consumption using intrusive and non-intrusive techniques. This paper makes a review of the main methods used for load monitoring systems, indicating their advantages and disadvantages. The emergence of high-harmonic consumer electronics in electrical networks such as LED lighting sources implies the choice of the appropriate method and equipment for optimizing energy consumption based on energy signatures.

Keywords

  • load monitoring
  • intrusive methods
  • non-intrusive methods
  • load signature
Open Access

Cogeneration Plant on Biomass - Case Study

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 7 - 11

Abstract

Abstract

The concept of cogeneration defines the simultaneous production with the same installation of electric and thermal energy (in the form of hot water or steam). High-efficiency cogeneration implies that cogeneration production should ensure primary energy savings of at least 10% compared to the reference values of separate production of electricity and heat. This paper presents the process of functioning of a cogeneration plant, operating in the Suceava county, Romania, referring to the actual values regarding the consumption and the proportions of the raw material on the one hand and the energy produced on the other. It also describes the entire production process as well as the impact on the environment, the social and economic aspects of the implementation of such a project.

Keywords

  • cogeneration
  • power plant
  • biogas
  • cogeneration modules
  • installed power
  • electrical capacity
Open Access

Mobile Communication - Past, Present and Future: a Review

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 12 - 29

Abstract

Abstract

Communication is one of the most important things in human life, day by day the technology is changing, data rate becomes faster and equipment’s are also becoming compact, as the results of change in technology. The human beings have also adapted to the technology as well. In this article the revolution of wireless technologies like 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G (Future generation network) are explained. This article mainly focused on background of wireless communication system, models and technologies adapted for 4G and 5G. The key technologies, spectrum allocation and current projects are discussed and described; this work gives a detailed research to address the projects and developments for future generation wireless technology.

Keywords

  • CDMA
  • OFDM
  • MIMO
  • 5G Projects
  • 5G technologies
Open Access

Controlling an Automated Storage by using the Blue Earth 485 Microcomputer

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 30 - 33

Abstract

Abstract

In this paper it is presented the control system of an automated storage which was conceived and achieved at the University of Oradea by using a Blue Earth 485 microcomputer. There are presented the main components of the control system: the microcomputer and the hardware interface for the drive, the control programs conceived as well as the implemented user interface on a PC computer.

Keywords

  • storage
  • interfacing
  • control
  • PC
  • communication
  • user interface
Open Access

Comparison Between 40kb/s ADPCM Algorithms

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 34 - 36

Abstract

Abstract

This article deals with developing new modified algorithms of 40kb/s ADPCM. Beside the standard algorithm, three algorithms are developed to reduce the ADPCM distortion. The performances of all algorithms are evaluated with QAM signal at speed of 9.6kb/s. The outcomes demonstrate that the first proposed algorithm outperforms the other algorithms.

Keywords

  • ADPCM
  • QAM modem
Open Access

Raspberry Pi Based Microscope Camera with Wireless Functionality

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 37 - 39

Abstract

Abstract

The paper proposes the development of a wireless video camera that is used to capture images from any microscope, and is universally compatible with the standard C-Mount. The purpose behind developing this camera is to offer an economical alternative to the current high-priced microscopy camera without compromising performance. In addition this camera has the technology to work wirelessly.

Keywords

  • wireless
  • video camera
  • performance
  • economical
Open Access

CNC Router with Screw-Nut Transmissions

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 40 - 42

Abstract

Abstract

The CNC (Computer numerical control) is a machine that processes different kinds of materials at different types of precisions, determined by the system used to realize the transmission from the motor to the axes. In our project, we used the screw nut transmission because it offers a great precision and it has an optimal price-quality ratio.

Keywords

  • CNC
  • numerical control
  • Latte Panda
Open Access

Advanced Fan Controller Using Atmega 1284P

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 43 - 47

Abstract

Abstract

The project aims at creating a monitoring and control circuit in a desktop or complex system with the possibility to set the operating parameters. The project allows automatic and manual control of a certain number of fans using Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) control by the user or automatically by the system monitoring thresholds of minimum and average temperatures (also set by the user within the code). The system was designed with the following options: audible and visual alert when reaching maximum temperatures; time display, PWM percentage and three temperatures shown on a 16x2 LCD; the system-acquired data is then transmitted to a website. Additional features include the possibility of setting a color inside the system, also used as an alert as well as a color adjustment function by sound (for a musical lightshow). The mode of operation is based on the source code written in the Arduino IDE 1.6.3 software with the help of free libraries and free codes provided on the internet.

Keywords

  • fan
  • PWM
  • Atmega 1284P
  • Arduino IDE
Open Access

On the Performance of UWB-WBAN Modem

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 48 - 53

Abstract

Abstract

Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs) have been developed as the human-body monitoring systems to predict, diagnose, and treat diseases. Since the signal transmission in WBANs takes place in or around the human body the channel fading significantly affects packet error rate and overall network performance. This paper focuses on the design and demonstration of an ultra-wideband (UWB) modem to be used in the WBAN applications, and the evaluation of its performance over Rayleigh fading channel. Results show how the fading channel affects the performance of the system.

Keywords

  • UWB modem
  • WBAN applications
Open Access

Power Supply for Luminaires Located in Restricted Areas with Photovoltaic Panels Calculating MPPT

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 54 - 58

Abstract

Abstract

The proposed system is a method to power supply luminaires in inaccessible areas. It proposes a method with using PV panels and calculating MPPT. It is a method of supply luminaires with LiFePO4 batteries using remote transmission and transmission electrical parameters using microcontrollers for a complete autonomy and management system.

Keywords

  • photovoltaic panel
  • MPPT
  • LiFePO battery
  • Solid-State Lighting
  • Wi-Fi
  • GPRS
Open Access

Functionality Extension for A D.C. Motor Speed Control Didactic System with PID Controller

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 59 - 62

Abstract

Abstract

The paper describes some functionality extensions for a D.C. motor speed control system with PID controller used as a didactic unit. The extensions are made in two directions: one at a physical-hardware level and the other one at software development of numerical algorithms and graphical interface. Both developments have the aim to extend and to get a more flexible paradigm for the control algorithms study on both continuous and discrete approach and to add the possibility to compare different control solutions.

Keywords

  • extented functionality
  • PID controller
  • numeric algorithm
  • microcontroller
Open Access

Raspberry Pi Based Weather Station

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 63 - 66

Abstract

Abstract

The paper proposes the development of a weather station made up from a Raspberry Pi 3 and the Sense Hat shield. The shield used in this application has sensors for temperature, humidity and pressure. The weather station can connect to the internet wirelessly or with a standard UTP (Unshielded twisted pair) connection, this connection gives us the ability to take part in a scientific community for the sole purpose to monitor the weather all around the world. The program for the weather station is made in Python, the program language is easy to used and very versatile.

Keywords

  • Raspberry Pi
  • shield Sense Hat
  • Wireless
  • Python
12 Articles
Open Access

Load Monitoring Solutions for the Smart Buildings – An Overview

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 1 - 6

Abstract

Abstract

The development of intelligent smart grids requires new electrical monitoring solutions in order to optimize power consumption. The implementation of intelligent energy-monitors leads to new technical developments to optimize consumption using intrusive and non-intrusive techniques. This paper makes a review of the main methods used for load monitoring systems, indicating their advantages and disadvantages. The emergence of high-harmonic consumer electronics in electrical networks such as LED lighting sources implies the choice of the appropriate method and equipment for optimizing energy consumption based on energy signatures.

Keywords

  • load monitoring
  • intrusive methods
  • non-intrusive methods
  • load signature
Open Access

Cogeneration Plant on Biomass - Case Study

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 7 - 11

Abstract

Abstract

The concept of cogeneration defines the simultaneous production with the same installation of electric and thermal energy (in the form of hot water or steam). High-efficiency cogeneration implies that cogeneration production should ensure primary energy savings of at least 10% compared to the reference values of separate production of electricity and heat. This paper presents the process of functioning of a cogeneration plant, operating in the Suceava county, Romania, referring to the actual values regarding the consumption and the proportions of the raw material on the one hand and the energy produced on the other. It also describes the entire production process as well as the impact on the environment, the social and economic aspects of the implementation of such a project.

Keywords

  • cogeneration
  • power plant
  • biogas
  • cogeneration modules
  • installed power
  • electrical capacity
Open Access

Mobile Communication - Past, Present and Future: a Review

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 12 - 29

Abstract

Abstract

Communication is one of the most important things in human life, day by day the technology is changing, data rate becomes faster and equipment’s are also becoming compact, as the results of change in technology. The human beings have also adapted to the technology as well. In this article the revolution of wireless technologies like 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G (Future generation network) are explained. This article mainly focused on background of wireless communication system, models and technologies adapted for 4G and 5G. The key technologies, spectrum allocation and current projects are discussed and described; this work gives a detailed research to address the projects and developments for future generation wireless technology.

Keywords

  • CDMA
  • OFDM
  • MIMO
  • 5G Projects
  • 5G technologies
Open Access

Controlling an Automated Storage by using the Blue Earth 485 Microcomputer

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 30 - 33

Abstract

Abstract

In this paper it is presented the control system of an automated storage which was conceived and achieved at the University of Oradea by using a Blue Earth 485 microcomputer. There are presented the main components of the control system: the microcomputer and the hardware interface for the drive, the control programs conceived as well as the implemented user interface on a PC computer.

Keywords

  • storage
  • interfacing
  • control
  • PC
  • communication
  • user interface
Open Access

Comparison Between 40kb/s ADPCM Algorithms

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 34 - 36

Abstract

Abstract

This article deals with developing new modified algorithms of 40kb/s ADPCM. Beside the standard algorithm, three algorithms are developed to reduce the ADPCM distortion. The performances of all algorithms are evaluated with QAM signal at speed of 9.6kb/s. The outcomes demonstrate that the first proposed algorithm outperforms the other algorithms.

Keywords

  • ADPCM
  • QAM modem
Open Access

Raspberry Pi Based Microscope Camera with Wireless Functionality

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 37 - 39

Abstract

Abstract

The paper proposes the development of a wireless video camera that is used to capture images from any microscope, and is universally compatible with the standard C-Mount. The purpose behind developing this camera is to offer an economical alternative to the current high-priced microscopy camera without compromising performance. In addition this camera has the technology to work wirelessly.

Keywords

  • wireless
  • video camera
  • performance
  • economical
Open Access

CNC Router with Screw-Nut Transmissions

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 40 - 42

Abstract

Abstract

The CNC (Computer numerical control) is a machine that processes different kinds of materials at different types of precisions, determined by the system used to realize the transmission from the motor to the axes. In our project, we used the screw nut transmission because it offers a great precision and it has an optimal price-quality ratio.

Keywords

  • CNC
  • numerical control
  • Latte Panda
Open Access

Advanced Fan Controller Using Atmega 1284P

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 43 - 47

Abstract

Abstract

The project aims at creating a monitoring and control circuit in a desktop or complex system with the possibility to set the operating parameters. The project allows automatic and manual control of a certain number of fans using Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) control by the user or automatically by the system monitoring thresholds of minimum and average temperatures (also set by the user within the code). The system was designed with the following options: audible and visual alert when reaching maximum temperatures; time display, PWM percentage and three temperatures shown on a 16x2 LCD; the system-acquired data is then transmitted to a website. Additional features include the possibility of setting a color inside the system, also used as an alert as well as a color adjustment function by sound (for a musical lightshow). The mode of operation is based on the source code written in the Arduino IDE 1.6.3 software with the help of free libraries and free codes provided on the internet.

Keywords

  • fan
  • PWM
  • Atmega 1284P
  • Arduino IDE
Open Access

On the Performance of UWB-WBAN Modem

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 48 - 53

Abstract

Abstract

Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs) have been developed as the human-body monitoring systems to predict, diagnose, and treat diseases. Since the signal transmission in WBANs takes place in or around the human body the channel fading significantly affects packet error rate and overall network performance. This paper focuses on the design and demonstration of an ultra-wideband (UWB) modem to be used in the WBAN applications, and the evaluation of its performance over Rayleigh fading channel. Results show how the fading channel affects the performance of the system.

Keywords

  • UWB modem
  • WBAN applications
Open Access

Power Supply for Luminaires Located in Restricted Areas with Photovoltaic Panels Calculating MPPT

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 54 - 58

Abstract

Abstract

The proposed system is a method to power supply luminaires in inaccessible areas. It proposes a method with using PV panels and calculating MPPT. It is a method of supply luminaires with LiFePO4 batteries using remote transmission and transmission electrical parameters using microcontrollers for a complete autonomy and management system.

Keywords

  • photovoltaic panel
  • MPPT
  • LiFePO battery
  • Solid-State Lighting
  • Wi-Fi
  • GPRS
Open Access

Functionality Extension for A D.C. Motor Speed Control Didactic System with PID Controller

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 59 - 62

Abstract

Abstract

The paper describes some functionality extensions for a D.C. motor speed control system with PID controller used as a didactic unit. The extensions are made in two directions: one at a physical-hardware level and the other one at software development of numerical algorithms and graphical interface. Both developments have the aim to extend and to get a more flexible paradigm for the control algorithms study on both continuous and discrete approach and to add the possibility to compare different control solutions.

Keywords

  • extented functionality
  • PID controller
  • numeric algorithm
  • microcontroller
Open Access

Raspberry Pi Based Weather Station

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Page range: 63 - 66

Abstract

Abstract

The paper proposes the development of a weather station made up from a Raspberry Pi 3 and the Sense Hat shield. The shield used in this application has sensors for temperature, humidity and pressure. The weather station can connect to the internet wirelessly or with a standard UTP (Unshielded twisted pair) connection, this connection gives us the ability to take part in a scientific community for the sole purpose to monitor the weather all around the world. The program for the weather station is made in Python, the program language is easy to used and very versatile.

Keywords

  • Raspberry Pi
  • shield Sense Hat
  • Wireless
  • Python

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