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Volume 13 (2021): Issue 1 (December 2021)

Volume 12 (2020): Issue 3 (September 2020)

Volume 12 (2020): Issue 2 (May 2020)

Volume 12 (2020): Issue 1 (January 2020)

Volume 11 (2019): Issue 3 (September 2019)

Volume 11 (2019): Issue 2 (May 2019)

Volume 11 (2019): Issue 1 (January 2019)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2463-8226
First Published
20 Jul 2021
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 12 (2020): Issue 3 (September 2020)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2463-8226
First Published
20 Jul 2021
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English

Search

6 Articles
access type Open Access

Technology and Innovations in Regional Development for Europe 2020: Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence TIR 2020 for smart, Inclusive and sustainable growth

Published Online: 22 Jul 2021
Page range: 5 - 14

Abstract

Abstract

The European Union is steering its development by a series of successive strategic documents, its grand strategies. While having important role, these strategies do not have a perfect implementation score and a score of initiatives and research is dedicated to better understand these processes. The article presents one such initiative, Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence Technologies and Innovations in Regional Development for Europe 2020, a focal point of competence on the topic. Utilising novel Social Fields approach to innovation, the centre combines original empirical research, public debates and formal and informal learning to collect and disseminate knowledge on the topic.

Key words

  • Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence
  • Europe 2020
  • technologies
  • innovations
  • regional development
access type Open Access

A meta-analysis and explanation of innovation processes through the outline of Social Fields Theory

Published Online: 22 Jul 2021
Page range: 15 - 31

Abstract

Abstract

Modern reports and studies on innovation processes offer a variety of possibilities for measuring and explaining innovation processes. These reports have a comparable model for operationalization of the concept of innovation, as they include both quantitative and qualitative indicators. The complexity of the modern societies and the interaction of actors, determines also to look for alternative models, which would embrace this complexity. We do not question these approaches and their reliability toward measuring the innovation performance, but rather to focus on alternative operationalization and explanation. Thus, through the embedment of the Social Fields Theory in the context of innovation processes it would offer various possibilities of applying a more coherent operationalization toward the explaining innovation. This article will display a critical assessment of a number of studies and projects, which used this approach in order to explain the innovation, but also using different methodologies that incorporate innovation processes and the theory of Social Fields.

Key words

  • Innovation
  • Social Fields Theory
  • social forces
  • QCA
  • HPC
access type Open Access

The importance of high – Tech companies for EU economy – Overview and the EU grand strategies perspective

Published Online: 22 Jul 2021
Page range: 32 - 52

Abstract

Abstract

In the context of economic globalization, technology is a key factor in boosting growth and competitiveness in the business world. Technologically intensive companies have more innovation, gain new markets, use available resources more productively, and generally offer more to the people they employ. Europe spends less on R&D, compared to the US and Japan, mainly due to lower levels of private investment. The lower share of HTC in the EU is the reason for half of the EU's lag behind the US. The aim of this paper is therefore to present the importance of high – tech companies for EU economy and to evaluate the steering of Europe 2020 grand strategies towards active support of HTCs and estimate, how Europe 2030 strategies will continue the effort of boosting EU economy.

Key words

  • high – tech companies
  • EU Grand strategies
  • policy
  • innovation
  • research and development
  • business ecosystem prerequisites
access type Open Access

European automotive technological innovation systems in the age of disruption: The suppliers’ view

Published Online: 22 Jul 2021
Page range: 53 - 77

Abstract

Abstract

Although empirical studies show that suppliers’ innovativeness enhances original equipment manufacturers’ (OEM) total innovation performance, some evidence reveals that suppliers’ innovation affects OEM in quantitatively and qualitatively limited ways. This study aims to explore innovation systems of European automobile producers, i.e., OEM. Technological innovation systems (TIS) remain relatively underexplored, but the approach is especially valuable for explaining why and how sustainable and circular innovation develop and spread. We applied a mixed-method approach and conducted patent analyses and interviews with 20 respondents from Slovenia, Austria, and Hungary, which are representatives of suppliers for the automotive industry and automotive clusters. We confirm that the European OEMs build innovation ecosystems that are more closed than their Asian counterparts. Furthermore, we define three paths of how inventions of suppliers can reach the OEMs, with developmental suppliers (large companies) having the highest probability of influencing the innovation activity of OEMs. The entry of small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) and start-ups with their inventions is difficult. However, it is not impossible, especially if they develop new solutions connected to current disruptive trends in the automotive industry: electric cars, autonomous driving and digitalisation.

Keywords

  • European automotive industry
  • suppliers’ innovation
  • technological innovation systems
  • patents
  • supply chains
  • disruptive innovation
  • OEMs’ ecosystem
access type Open Access

Systematized analysis using data mining’s methodology on the topic of regional industrial symbiosis and its networks

Published Online: 22 Jul 2021
Page range: 78 - 99

Abstract

Abstract

The aim of this paper is the analysis and a presentatition of texts and terminological ontology of scientific and professional publications in the field of regional Industrial Symbiosis and Industrial Symbiotic Networks. With computer-aided text analysis it is possible to have a comprehensive overview of the publications of works in this field and a more detailed presentation of the most fruitful concepts of publications.

Key words

  • Data mining
  • knowledge
  • industrial symbiosis
  • industrial symbiotic networks
  • ontology
  • OntoGen
access type Open Access

Prospects for innovation performance on European level

Published Online: 22 Jul 2021
Page range: 100 - 114

Abstract

Abstract

In 2004, the European Commission implemented the Decision No 1608/2003/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the production and development of Community statistics on innovation. This triggered the awareness of the role of innovation and R&D on national and European level and thus the opportunity to step towards in-depth monitoring innovation performance through various indicators. The paper aims to investigate the trends in the selected innovation indicators (i.e., public funding, expenditures and innovation activities, types of innovation and products introduced, hampered innovation activities) to outline the development direction on the enterprise level using the Community innovation survey data for the 2002–2016 period. Using the basic time series analysis, the paper evaluates the progress according to the European Strategy on research and innovation. Furthermore, using the autocorrelation and autoregression methods, the paper also outlines the future direction in innovation performance on European level.

Key words

  • innovation
  • performance
  • progress
  • future direction
  • European Union
  • Community innovation survey
6 Articles
access type Open Access

Technology and Innovations in Regional Development for Europe 2020: Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence TIR 2020 for smart, Inclusive and sustainable growth

Published Online: 22 Jul 2021
Page range: 5 - 14

Abstract

Abstract

The European Union is steering its development by a series of successive strategic documents, its grand strategies. While having important role, these strategies do not have a perfect implementation score and a score of initiatives and research is dedicated to better understand these processes. The article presents one such initiative, Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence Technologies and Innovations in Regional Development for Europe 2020, a focal point of competence on the topic. Utilising novel Social Fields approach to innovation, the centre combines original empirical research, public debates and formal and informal learning to collect and disseminate knowledge on the topic.

Key words

  • Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence
  • Europe 2020
  • technologies
  • innovations
  • regional development
access type Open Access

A meta-analysis and explanation of innovation processes through the outline of Social Fields Theory

Published Online: 22 Jul 2021
Page range: 15 - 31

Abstract

Abstract

Modern reports and studies on innovation processes offer a variety of possibilities for measuring and explaining innovation processes. These reports have a comparable model for operationalization of the concept of innovation, as they include both quantitative and qualitative indicators. The complexity of the modern societies and the interaction of actors, determines also to look for alternative models, which would embrace this complexity. We do not question these approaches and their reliability toward measuring the innovation performance, but rather to focus on alternative operationalization and explanation. Thus, through the embedment of the Social Fields Theory in the context of innovation processes it would offer various possibilities of applying a more coherent operationalization toward the explaining innovation. This article will display a critical assessment of a number of studies and projects, which used this approach in order to explain the innovation, but also using different methodologies that incorporate innovation processes and the theory of Social Fields.

Key words

  • Innovation
  • Social Fields Theory
  • social forces
  • QCA
  • HPC
access type Open Access

The importance of high – Tech companies for EU economy – Overview and the EU grand strategies perspective

Published Online: 22 Jul 2021
Page range: 32 - 52

Abstract

Abstract

In the context of economic globalization, technology is a key factor in boosting growth and competitiveness in the business world. Technologically intensive companies have more innovation, gain new markets, use available resources more productively, and generally offer more to the people they employ. Europe spends less on R&D, compared to the US and Japan, mainly due to lower levels of private investment. The lower share of HTC in the EU is the reason for half of the EU's lag behind the US. The aim of this paper is therefore to present the importance of high – tech companies for EU economy and to evaluate the steering of Europe 2020 grand strategies towards active support of HTCs and estimate, how Europe 2030 strategies will continue the effort of boosting EU economy.

Key words

  • high – tech companies
  • EU Grand strategies
  • policy
  • innovation
  • research and development
  • business ecosystem prerequisites
access type Open Access

European automotive technological innovation systems in the age of disruption: The suppliers’ view

Published Online: 22 Jul 2021
Page range: 53 - 77

Abstract

Abstract

Although empirical studies show that suppliers’ innovativeness enhances original equipment manufacturers’ (OEM) total innovation performance, some evidence reveals that suppliers’ innovation affects OEM in quantitatively and qualitatively limited ways. This study aims to explore innovation systems of European automobile producers, i.e., OEM. Technological innovation systems (TIS) remain relatively underexplored, but the approach is especially valuable for explaining why and how sustainable and circular innovation develop and spread. We applied a mixed-method approach and conducted patent analyses and interviews with 20 respondents from Slovenia, Austria, and Hungary, which are representatives of suppliers for the automotive industry and automotive clusters. We confirm that the European OEMs build innovation ecosystems that are more closed than their Asian counterparts. Furthermore, we define three paths of how inventions of suppliers can reach the OEMs, with developmental suppliers (large companies) having the highest probability of influencing the innovation activity of OEMs. The entry of small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) and start-ups with their inventions is difficult. However, it is not impossible, especially if they develop new solutions connected to current disruptive trends in the automotive industry: electric cars, autonomous driving and digitalisation.

Keywords

  • European automotive industry
  • suppliers’ innovation
  • technological innovation systems
  • patents
  • supply chains
  • disruptive innovation
  • OEMs’ ecosystem
access type Open Access

Systematized analysis using data mining’s methodology on the topic of regional industrial symbiosis and its networks

Published Online: 22 Jul 2021
Page range: 78 - 99

Abstract

Abstract

The aim of this paper is the analysis and a presentatition of texts and terminological ontology of scientific and professional publications in the field of regional Industrial Symbiosis and Industrial Symbiotic Networks. With computer-aided text analysis it is possible to have a comprehensive overview of the publications of works in this field and a more detailed presentation of the most fruitful concepts of publications.

Key words

  • Data mining
  • knowledge
  • industrial symbiosis
  • industrial symbiotic networks
  • ontology
  • OntoGen
access type Open Access

Prospects for innovation performance on European level

Published Online: 22 Jul 2021
Page range: 100 - 114

Abstract

Abstract

In 2004, the European Commission implemented the Decision No 1608/2003/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the production and development of Community statistics on innovation. This triggered the awareness of the role of innovation and R&D on national and European level and thus the opportunity to step towards in-depth monitoring innovation performance through various indicators. The paper aims to investigate the trends in the selected innovation indicators (i.e., public funding, expenditures and innovation activities, types of innovation and products introduced, hampered innovation activities) to outline the development direction on the enterprise level using the Community innovation survey data for the 2002–2016 period. Using the basic time series analysis, the paper evaluates the progress according to the European Strategy on research and innovation. Furthermore, using the autocorrelation and autoregression methods, the paper also outlines the future direction in innovation performance on European level.

Key words

  • innovation
  • performance
  • progress
  • future direction
  • European Union
  • Community innovation survey

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