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Volume 24 (2022): Issue 1 (April 2022)

Volume 23 (2022): Issue 1 (April 2022)

Volume 22 (2021): Issue 1 (June 2021)

Volume 21 (2021): Issue 1 (June 2021)

Volume 20 (2020): Issue 1 (April 2020)

Volume 19 (2020): Issue 1 (April 2020)

Volume 18 (2019): Issue 1 (March 2019)

Volume 17 (2019): Issue 1 (March 2019)

Volume 16 (2018): Issue 1 (March 2018)

Volume 15 (2018): Issue 1 (March 2018)

Volume 14 (2017): Issue 1 (March 2017)
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Volume 13 (2017): Issue 1 (March 2017)
Open Issue

Volume 12 (2016): Issue 2 (March 2016)

Volume 11 (2016): Issue 1 (March 2016)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2501-238X
First Published
16 Apr 2016
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 14 (2017): Issue 1 (March 2017)
Open Issue

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2501-238X
First Published
16 Apr 2016
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English

Search

19 Articles

Part III. Fine Arts

Open Access

1. Necklaces and Pendants of the Metal Age on the Territory of Romania

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 130 - 138

Abstract

Abstract

The present paper will refer to an aspect of processing metals on the territory of Romania, in Bronze Age and Iron Age (the second age habing been studied up to the moment when Prehistory ended: 1st century B.C., being continued by Antiquity). Unfortunately, few pieces were found in settlements and in necropoleis, so it is difficult to attribute the artifacts of the Metal Age to one or other of the existing cultures, though the region where they were produced can be mentioned. Consequently, their study can lead to another classification than the chronological one, and that is of the field of ornamental arts in metal. We will focus only on two types of objects that embellish the neck and the chest: necklaces and pendants, which help us create a vivid image of this important artistic field of the Iron Age on the territory of our country, these two joining the other important types of jewels: bracelets, rings, fibulae, phaleras.

Keywords

  • au repoussé
  • en violon
  • torques
  • saltaleone
  • tutul
Open Access

2. Empathy and Communication through Art

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 139 - 146

Abstract

Abstract

Art is one of the finest means of shaping the personality, of access to aesthetic and moral values of society. The paper presents some of the elements of communication through art, in the double sense of this process, from the artwork (creator) to the viewer, but also from the viewer to the work of art and creator. The key-element of this dual process is the empathy, the ability to feel the emotional states of others. It develops within a set of personality traits, including: emotional intelligence, emotional feelings diversity, cognitive skills, along with motivation and personal ideals. Art is a medium of communication but also an element of developing a general receptivity to the world and its authentic values.

Keywords

  • art
  • communication
  • empathy
  • creativity
  • art receptor
  • aesthetic judgment
Open Access

3. Proposals Regarding the Work Strategies in Plastic Visual Activities. The Professor as a Visual Art Mediator

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 147 - 150

Abstract

Abstract

Starting from the cultural mediator model, the teacher, in his turn, can be positioned from the perspective of the assumed positioned of art mediator. Thus, his role would be to make art accessible to a public under training (students). Approaching activities in an upward direction - from the uninitiated (students) towards the professionals (artists), the designed activities will thus start from the developmental needs of the students. Finding ways of connecting youth and art by introducing art into everyday life and identifying examples where elements, skills and knowledge about art can be applied in everyday life and the permanent concentration of the mediator professor on the public/youth/students and not on the works of art and, thus placing young people at the heart of artistic mediation are several ways of opening, awakening and training the interest of the new art public.

Keywords

  • professor
  • student
  • art public
  • artistic mediation
Open Access

4. Knowledge and Valorisation of the Plastic Language and of the Folk Decorative Motifs in the Artistic Education Study Process

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 151 - 158

Abstract

Abstract

The framework and the reference objectives of the ‘Textile art’ course signal priority of the student’s initiation in the fine arts language theory. It is essential to discover new possibilities to study and apply of fine arts language elements for the purposes of triggering students’ creativity. For this purpose, at the course of “Textile art”, we will examine the necessity of studying fine arts language, synthesis of creative forms when essentially determining the contents in the process of development of artistic creativity to fine arts education students. In the process of development of artistic creativity in students it is important to study the language elements by selecting and processing artistic elements of nature. The study of the elements of fine arts language contributes to educating and informing the creative personality while choosing and processing the reality in the context of a methodical creative thinking - along with compositional regularities of scale, rhythm, movement and fine arts forms.

Keywords

  • elements of the fine arts (plastic) language
  • decorative motifs
  • folk ornaments
  • instruction process
Open Access

5. The Basic Principles of The Working Process From Nature and the Role of Composition in Creating Landscape in Terms of Plein-Air

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 159 - 165

Abstract

Abstract

Principles of possession of the landscape painting, applied by masters of the past, as well as theoretical elaborations of scientists in the field of chromatics, psychology and pedagogy of arts, become important components in improving training methods of artists in plein-air in contemporary conditions. The skills and knowledge gained in the process of pleinair studies form professional skills and improve the properties of painting and composition within the workshop. This studying outlines the stringency of training and development methods of creative individuality, especially in plein-air, where the principal teacher is the nature. The plein-air enriches color perception of the real world, located in the air, and mutual relationship of landscape with architecture and space determines knowledge of the issues of proportionality and subordination in compositions, educates sense of proportion and artistic taste. Improving visual mastery into the natural environment contributes to the formation to painters of the necessity to create outside the workshop, which is a necessary condition for the development of individuality and professional skills of the painter.

Keywords

  • plein-air
  • composition
  • landscape
  • painting
  • perspective
Open Access

6. Some Methodology Aspects Regarding the Organic Deposits Removal Interventions in the Prothesis of the Church of Dragomirna Monastery

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 166 - 174

Abstract

Abstract

Less visible to the general public, the area of the Prothesis inside the sanctuary of the “Pentecost” heritage church, of Dragomirna Monastery, shows a particular casuistic due to the diversity of types of degradation recorded at the time of its restoration (2011). The dominant form is the adherent candlewax deposits, present on the surface of the paint layer in various stages of hardness. The particular state of conservation features occurring in this area, corroborated with a series of aggravating environmental factors, imposed the application of a special restoration intervention methodology in the area of the Prothesis.

Keywords

  • Heritage monuments
  • Northern Moldavia wall paintings
  • murals restoration
  • organic deposits
  • vandalism
Open Access

7. Universal Studios of Art: Professionalization and Contributions to Art Education in Nigeria

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 175 - 185

Abstract

Abstract

During the 2nd Black World and African Festival of Arts and Culture (FESTAC) in 1977, a lot of novel, creative and artistic events took place in Lagos. One of these was the construction of a monument, the National Arts Theatre, which also accommodated the National Gallery of Art. Invariably, the presence of the Gallery made the Arts Theatre management allocate the premises of the Theatre to some notable Nigerian artists for use as Artists in Residence. The premises eventually, by 1980, became an institutional and inspirational workshop for budding Nigerian artists. The activities of the artists were so professionally accepted that it was named the National Studios of Art. However, at the time the Studio had become the centre of sound informal art training, it was given a relocation order which caused serious controversy between the Gallery and the artists. The artists eventually accepted the relocation order, and this, necessarily, led to changing the name to the Universal Studios of Art (USA). As the professional artists became globally known, the USA also became a tourist centre for both local and foreign visitors and artists. Till today, the activities of the USA continue to attract national and international attention. Very as unfortunately, no scholarly study of the Universal Studios of Art has been carried out, despite its outstanding professional qualities.. For many years, the artists have developed valuable art forms and art styles that have contributed to the advancement of modern Nigerian art. It is the objective of this article, therefore, to document the artists of the Universal Studios of Art.

Keywords

  • Arts Theatre
  • Budding Nigerian artists
  • Universal Studios of Art
  • Valuable art works
  • Advancement of Nigerian art
Open Access

8. Industrial Design: The Roles and Factors of Aesthetics, Modeling, Styling, Product Brand and Branding in Design/Design Education

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 186 - 199

Abstract

Abstract

This paper examined the roles and factors of Aesthetics viz-a-viz those of modeling, styling and the product Brand (Branding) as viewed against their fundamental relevance as core ingredients for the actualization of any Design initiative and creative endeavour. These roles, influences and place of Aesthetics (and its allied components, makes up the very soul, content and essence of what the product is all about. Its Form, Shape, Morphological / physical attributes and characteristics. The paper established that the aesthetic components of beauty, colour, shape, (form) fonts, (lettering or typography) and all other general Aesthetic Ambience gives the given product the desired quality/beauty that it exudes to help determine its marketability / profitability as a Brand. The paper also reviewed the aspects /implications of these roles and influences on Design Education alongside highlighting the potentials of the Design Educator - learner experience, while exploiting the Teachers ability to effectively harmonise the various approaches and practices of a functional Design-led Educational programme viz-a-viz piloting such talents/skills achieved to practicable and useful ends as professionals in Design and Technology. The paper also seeks to establish that the roles and factors of modeling styling and Branding of the product which is best exemplified through the adaptation of Design inputs and features such as ornamentation, edge delineation, texture movement/flow of linear form, symmetry or Assymetry of shapes, colour, granularity (of matter/particles large or small) or coarseness, play of light (sunlight) and shade, transcendence (state of being or existence of a product beyond the limits of material experience) and that of total harmony. The paper recommends that for any product Brand to succeed it must incorporate all of the above components together with the inclusion of the other qualities that makes up the intangible content of the Brand such as, Brand Name, Logo, Tagline (catchphrase) the Graphics (elements of Design) Brand Shape, Brand colour, culminating in the establishment of what the Brand mission statement is about, its function, role or job it is intended to perform.

Keywords

  • Granularity/Coarseness,Transcendence of material
  • Alliteration
  • Initialism
  • Neologisms of Brand
  • “Form Begat Form”
  • Form Follows Function
Open Access

9. The Importance of the Drawing in the Artistic Creation Process

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 200 - 206

Abstract

Abstract

In this academic paper I want to highlight the importance of the drawing and its purpose in the visual artist's creative effort which is in full artistic activity. I will illustrate what I have said previously with the drawings by artists such as Dürer Alfred, Alberto Giacometti, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Andeea Paladio and others artists who have created numerous drawings to study, or as the remarkable artworks. So, during the artistic process the sculptors, the painters or the architects draw to study, to remember or to clarify their own ideas. Many drawings are straightforward, with a single-purpose and spontaneous, but often are an intuitive response to an experience or an idea which must be necessarily put on paper. These studies are often the means by which the artists develop passages which is meant to be incorporated in a detailed and complex art composition.

Keywords

  • drawing
  • composition
  • spontaneous
  • creative effort
  • study
Open Access

10. Creativity and Innovation in Visual Arts through Form and Space Having Symbolic Value

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 207 - 216

Abstract

Abstract

The numerous plastic approaches of form in the 20th century are characterized by creativity and innovation. Form, as expression of an artistic language, is the cause and effect for the cultural evolution of a particular spatial-temporal area. The invention of forms depending on the factors which will impose them in a particular socio-cultural context and location environment is not everything. The challenges of the act of creation are far more complex. For the art of the 20th century, the role of the type of expression in visual or gestural language proved much more convincing and meaningful as to the data or phenomena occurring in immediate reality. The personality of the artist, his cultural character, his media coverage and exterior influences of his inner world, his preceding experiences and receiver’s contacts in a specific area are the factors that influence the relation between the work of art and the audience against a particular spatial-temporal background. The psychological and sensory processes in works of plastic art are spatially configured in structures, which leads to self-confession. The artist filters the information and the elements of exterior reality through the vision of his imagination and power of expression specific to his inner self, and turns them into values through the involvement of his state of mind. Constantin Brâncuşi is the sculptor whose role was considered exponential as he revolutionized modern artistic vision by integrating and creating space-form relations through symbol. Throughout his complex work - the Group of Monumental Sculptures of Tg. Jiu, the artist renewed the language of the sculpture-specific means of expression, though archaic forms, by restoring traditional art. Archetypes often make reference to the initial and ideal form and they represent the primitive and native models composing it. Form attracts, polarizes and integrates the energy of the matter outside the human body, and art acquires a unifying function for the senses of our spirit. We identify the forms developed by the junction between fantastic forms, the figments of the imagination of artists who communicate deep human meanings. They invite us in a world of constructive forms and mysteries, truly innovative and elaborate creations, by underlying different directions in the compositional space with symbolic value.

Keywords

  • art
  • creativity
  • innovation
  • form
  • space
Open Access

11. Modern Teaching Methods in Creative Workshop Fashion Design Courses

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 217 - 220

Abstract

Abstract

The aim of this article is to specify and exemplify the stages of the creative process in fashion design courses and workshops, with a focus on a few learning methods exploring the creative potential through content and visual analysis processes as well as more practical techniques and methods in the area of fashion design and applied arts. From scientific documentation to pedagogical experiments, a range of methods have been used to enable students fulfill their learning objectives and reach the apex of professional competence.

Keywords

  • method
  • teaching
  • design
  • visual
  • creativity
Open Access

12. The Visual Art from Iasi between Tradition and Innovation

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 221 - 226

Abstract

Abstract

After December 1989 in visual art from Iasi were produced numerous changes which have contributed to a new approach of the artistic phenomenon. That was the moment when a new generation of artists appeared and who, unshackle by the rigors of the communist regime, they have created artworks by experimenting the most varied ways of visual expression. An important aspect of this transition period is the place which visual art has it in the culture from Iasi and the aesthetic trends learned by the new generation alongside older artistic directions define the value of the contemporary cultural heritage from Iasi. Also, an important role in the presentation of the visual art from Iasi is the artistic education, which it‟s in a constant development with the advent of new specializations within the Faculty of Visual Arts and Design, highlighting the artistic and scientific potential of the professors and the students of „George Enescu“ Național University of Arts from Iasi.

Keywords

  • artistic phenomenon
  • the new generation
  • visual expression
  • transition

Part IV. Education

Open Access

1. Emotional Development through Art Expressions

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 227 - 238

Abstract

Abstract

Aesthetic education forms and develops a mental quality of the individual, namely, general receptivity to the world and life. It can be said, however, that aesthetic education includes a multiplicity of meanings, formative and educative in relation to personality. All this has a profound echo in the whole personality, whether at the emotional or behavioral level. Art touches and contributes to creating prints from which the later emotional pleasure, taste, artistic judgment and discernment on human values will develop. Emotion refers not only to the aesthetics but involves more often, ethics, behavioral preferences in choosing one or another conduct. Emotions enrich the register of artistic self-expression and complements the temperamental and the character profile of a person. Here we analyze these relevant issues in an experiment conducted at the “Elena Cuza” Primary School of Iasi, Romania. We also present the conclusions of Art Intervention in school for these students. Art intervention in school can become an affective-emotional aim in educator-student relationship and may have important, long term evolutionary consequences, referring to the achievement of personal ideals and efficiency of educational activity.

Keywords

  • emotion
  • behavior
  • art
  • aesthetic education
  • art intervention
Open Access

2. The Concept of “Modelarium” and its Impact on Creativity And Artistic Education

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 239 - 248

Abstract

Abstract

Students and Teachers are an epic symbiosis in process of direct learning and academic advancement. Nowadays, this interaction is more bonded and interdependent with technology and equipment‟s, which in a whole system expands learning horizons. The digital era has introduced in the education system new modes of learning, a new way of life and style in schooling. This phenomenon changed the methods of teaching in universities, where lectures were accompanied with concrete explanations of works in modeling, in structural and conceptual sense. The relationship between a student of architecture and teachers broadened with introduction of computer aided modeling and simulation tools to construct those ideas into the reality. The study presented in this paper investigates conceptual methods in art, architecture, creativity and innovation in academic education, focusing on interactive teaching issues, and methods. The research methods consist of empirical observation carried out during 25 years of experience in academia, and direct observation of teaching methods. The purpose of this paper is to examine the evolutive process in teaching relations between architectural students and teachers, with the focus in educational competencies and communication skills. Findings indicate that through artistic concepts of “Modelarium” as an unconventional learning space, a tool and space that enables the partnership. An informal meeting place for artistic interaction, but, concurrently it is a formal part of the educational system in architectural studies, a strategy by which we can bring more: time, conceptual awareness of space and interactive teaching in architecture, which bonds multidimensional threads between students and teachers; thus, fostering a powerful sense of partnership, avoiding boredom and passive learning, while facing the challenges, associated with the development of technology, life style, real issues and global world trends. Research suggests that uniform and/or partially new strategy, cannot respond to all specific issues faced by students in day to day basis. Therefore, new teaching strategies must involve new partnerships, a brand new and a redefined role as a holistic symbiosis, as an response to a less functional and/or conventional academic system. Partnership, a new working symbiosis between students and teachers is an answer to the needs of working together simultaneously towards continuous improvement of academia processes.

Keywords

  • Education
  • Architecture
  • Modeling
  • Art
  • Academia
  • Partnership
Open Access

3. Industrial Design and Contextualism: The Applied Arts Constituent/ Curriculum Imperatives in Design Practice and Education

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 249 - 261

Abstract

Abstract

This paper examined the Curriculum imperatives of Industrial design education and the Contextualism of the principles and practice of disciplines such as Applied Arts and Industrial Design viz-a-viz their constituent and contextual roles and place in design practice/ Industry. The issue of contextualism as it relates to Design and the Applied Arts according to DeRose, K. (2009) would seem to mean a collection of views, theories, principles or philosophy of Design / applied Arts which seems to emphasize the context in which the action principles or purpose of design is understood relative to such a context. ie. In Design, the principles and practice of Applied Arts / Design disciplines (such as in Architecture) for example, contextualism refers to that theory of design in which modern / contemporary designs (buildings, products or structures) are harmonized together with the contemporary design ideals, forms and characteristics peculiar to modern ways/styles of living. (Jencks, 2002).

This informed the need and thrust of this paper which was predicated on the consideration of contextualing such a role/place of the Applied Arts as a constituent of Design and spotlighting it to be innately and intrinsically connected to the resultative man-made material culture and society. The paper also seeks to establish that the principles and practice of Design education emphasises the Teacher-learner relationship which is aimed at imparting credible problem solving skills and initiatives such as drawing, drafting (draught-manship), modeling or sculpting (in clay or industrial plasticine) styling and prototype creation (realized by moulding/shaping of the clay material to assume any contour, shape, form or topology of the given object) in ordeer to achieve that innate context and desire for the perfect product so designed. This paper recommends that for any design to succeed it must emplace (strictly) a well articulated Industrial Design Curriculum which elucidates those Applied Arts principles and practice as a constituent/major component part in the Design process of manufacture of any given design initiative.

Keywords

  • Algorithmic / Heuristic Approaches
  • Contextualism
  • Design Curriculum/ Education
  • Ideation
  • Industrial Plasticine
  • “Partipris”
  • Polymer Clay
Open Access

4. Kazeem Olojo: A Professional Painter and an Art Instructor Universal Studios of Art, Lagos, Nigeria

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 262 - 270

Abstract

Abstract

The works of art are priceless going by the quality of works exhibited by an artist. The artist tends to describe a particular scene near to the natural object in question. In the 15th and 16th centuries , France relayed on the impressionists who graduated from workshops and schools of apprentice in the likes of Gauguin, Monet, Manet, Degas, Renoir Cezanne, Delacroix and others to capture scenes of the Parisian country side that existed long age. The artist and his works remain indispensible to the existing societies. This form of art venture is not new to Nigeria where schools and workshops of apprenticeship exist. In Nigeria, the existing heritage and traditions if not for the artists will not be translated into art by the artists particularly painters like Dale, Oshinowo, Oguntokun, Emokpae, El-Dragg and others. The existence of workshops and schools of learning art have trained more artists to keep the aesthetical values of art. The society would be no doubt an unpleasant community without a touch of the arts. The artists who on daily bases create by painting, sculpting to make the environment a pleasurable place remain an important factor in the society.

Keywords

  • Workshops and Schools
  • Apprenticeship
  • Heritage and Traditions
  • Aesthetical values
  • Society
Open Access

5. Study of Arts Teachers’ Vision on Supporting “Artistic Talent”

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 271 - 276

Abstract

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to find out the arts teachers’ opinion regarding the three issues related to the strategies aimed to support pupils with artistic talent: what is? who supports? how do they support? the artistic talent. Three goals lead us to this aim: to sketch the profile of the pupils with artistic talent, depending on their conduct and needs; the identification of the activities to support these special children; the identification of the extent to which different institutions get involved in supporting the pupils with artistic talent. To achieve these goals, we used the opinion poll as a research method and the created instrument was represented by a five-item questionnaire - four of them requiring open answers and one for closed answers. A total of 29 teachers of visual arts and music education, theoretical and interpretive, were selected for this study. The obtained results brought us close to the image that the teachers have on the artistic talent phenomenon. According to the teachers, the artistic talent is visible if we pay attention to four fields: creativity, passion, harnessing talent, specific skills. Meeting the needs (material, emotional support, socialization with peers, recognition of their talent) can be sources of shaping the educational strategies to support pupils with artistic talent by the main responsible institutions - the Ministry of Education, inspectorates, schools, NGOs.

Keywords

  • artistic talent
  • vision of teachers
  • talented students
  • educational strategies
Open Access

6. Strategies for Modelling the Educational Process from the Perspective of Internal Resources Stimulation of the Child

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 277 - 283

Abstract

Abstract

The article reflects an attempt to rethink the methodology of organizing the pedagogical process, oriented towards the development of “the humane in the person”, shifting its focus onto stimulating children’s inner resources. The emphasis is shifted from the teaching, learning and assessment processes, focused on research of the surrounding reality towards the exploitation of the child's innate potentials, the ability to know his inner world.

Maintaining the innate resources of each learner will require from teacher of post-modern school the application of techniques to create the necessary social and psychological conditions, to provide a path for learners’ individual development. Thus, each child will have the chance to realize their potential talent, including sensitive dimension of their spiritual and moral world, this representing the authors’ research subject.

Keywords

  • child
  • emotional intelligence
  • spiritual intelligence
  • moral reasoning
  • artpedagogical strategies
Open Access

7. Professor of Art Paradigms: Theoretical and Applied Approaches

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 284 - 303

Abstract

Abstract

The present article describes purposes, learning content and requirements of an educational academic and postgraduate (internships for teachers) process, focused on teacher training in respect of the most subtle and valuable framework for education, the achievement of the individual potential of each pupil, qualified as a unique personality. Therefore, it is proposed a synthesis on the formative program geared towards the assimilation of the future and current teachers of artistic disciplines (music, choreography, painting) of the action and behavioral models appropriate to the domain, to the effectively organization of individualized educational process.

Keywords

  • teacher of artistic disciplines
  • training program
  • learning content
  • purposes
  • professional competence
  • effectiveness of teacher’s actions
  • innovative praxeology
  • renovation in artistic education
  • originality of thought
  • creativity
  • proactivity
19 Articles

Part III. Fine Arts

Open Access

1. Necklaces and Pendants of the Metal Age on the Territory of Romania

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 130 - 138

Abstract

Abstract

The present paper will refer to an aspect of processing metals on the territory of Romania, in Bronze Age and Iron Age (the second age habing been studied up to the moment when Prehistory ended: 1st century B.C., being continued by Antiquity). Unfortunately, few pieces were found in settlements and in necropoleis, so it is difficult to attribute the artifacts of the Metal Age to one or other of the existing cultures, though the region where they were produced can be mentioned. Consequently, their study can lead to another classification than the chronological one, and that is of the field of ornamental arts in metal. We will focus only on two types of objects that embellish the neck and the chest: necklaces and pendants, which help us create a vivid image of this important artistic field of the Iron Age on the territory of our country, these two joining the other important types of jewels: bracelets, rings, fibulae, phaleras.

Keywords

  • au repoussé
  • en violon
  • torques
  • saltaleone
  • tutul
Open Access

2. Empathy and Communication through Art

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 139 - 146

Abstract

Abstract

Art is one of the finest means of shaping the personality, of access to aesthetic and moral values of society. The paper presents some of the elements of communication through art, in the double sense of this process, from the artwork (creator) to the viewer, but also from the viewer to the work of art and creator. The key-element of this dual process is the empathy, the ability to feel the emotional states of others. It develops within a set of personality traits, including: emotional intelligence, emotional feelings diversity, cognitive skills, along with motivation and personal ideals. Art is a medium of communication but also an element of developing a general receptivity to the world and its authentic values.

Keywords

  • art
  • communication
  • empathy
  • creativity
  • art receptor
  • aesthetic judgment
Open Access

3. Proposals Regarding the Work Strategies in Plastic Visual Activities. The Professor as a Visual Art Mediator

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 147 - 150

Abstract

Abstract

Starting from the cultural mediator model, the teacher, in his turn, can be positioned from the perspective of the assumed positioned of art mediator. Thus, his role would be to make art accessible to a public under training (students). Approaching activities in an upward direction - from the uninitiated (students) towards the professionals (artists), the designed activities will thus start from the developmental needs of the students. Finding ways of connecting youth and art by introducing art into everyday life and identifying examples where elements, skills and knowledge about art can be applied in everyday life and the permanent concentration of the mediator professor on the public/youth/students and not on the works of art and, thus placing young people at the heart of artistic mediation are several ways of opening, awakening and training the interest of the new art public.

Keywords

  • professor
  • student
  • art public
  • artistic mediation
Open Access

4. Knowledge and Valorisation of the Plastic Language and of the Folk Decorative Motifs in the Artistic Education Study Process

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 151 - 158

Abstract

Abstract

The framework and the reference objectives of the ‘Textile art’ course signal priority of the student’s initiation in the fine arts language theory. It is essential to discover new possibilities to study and apply of fine arts language elements for the purposes of triggering students’ creativity. For this purpose, at the course of “Textile art”, we will examine the necessity of studying fine arts language, synthesis of creative forms when essentially determining the contents in the process of development of artistic creativity to fine arts education students. In the process of development of artistic creativity in students it is important to study the language elements by selecting and processing artistic elements of nature. The study of the elements of fine arts language contributes to educating and informing the creative personality while choosing and processing the reality in the context of a methodical creative thinking - along with compositional regularities of scale, rhythm, movement and fine arts forms.

Keywords

  • elements of the fine arts (plastic) language
  • decorative motifs
  • folk ornaments
  • instruction process
Open Access

5. The Basic Principles of The Working Process From Nature and the Role of Composition in Creating Landscape in Terms of Plein-Air

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 159 - 165

Abstract

Abstract

Principles of possession of the landscape painting, applied by masters of the past, as well as theoretical elaborations of scientists in the field of chromatics, psychology and pedagogy of arts, become important components in improving training methods of artists in plein-air in contemporary conditions. The skills and knowledge gained in the process of pleinair studies form professional skills and improve the properties of painting and composition within the workshop. This studying outlines the stringency of training and development methods of creative individuality, especially in plein-air, where the principal teacher is the nature. The plein-air enriches color perception of the real world, located in the air, and mutual relationship of landscape with architecture and space determines knowledge of the issues of proportionality and subordination in compositions, educates sense of proportion and artistic taste. Improving visual mastery into the natural environment contributes to the formation to painters of the necessity to create outside the workshop, which is a necessary condition for the development of individuality and professional skills of the painter.

Keywords

  • plein-air
  • composition
  • landscape
  • painting
  • perspective
Open Access

6. Some Methodology Aspects Regarding the Organic Deposits Removal Interventions in the Prothesis of the Church of Dragomirna Monastery

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 166 - 174

Abstract

Abstract

Less visible to the general public, the area of the Prothesis inside the sanctuary of the “Pentecost” heritage church, of Dragomirna Monastery, shows a particular casuistic due to the diversity of types of degradation recorded at the time of its restoration (2011). The dominant form is the adherent candlewax deposits, present on the surface of the paint layer in various stages of hardness. The particular state of conservation features occurring in this area, corroborated with a series of aggravating environmental factors, imposed the application of a special restoration intervention methodology in the area of the Prothesis.

Keywords

  • Heritage monuments
  • Northern Moldavia wall paintings
  • murals restoration
  • organic deposits
  • vandalism
Open Access

7. Universal Studios of Art: Professionalization and Contributions to Art Education in Nigeria

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 175 - 185

Abstract

Abstract

During the 2nd Black World and African Festival of Arts and Culture (FESTAC) in 1977, a lot of novel, creative and artistic events took place in Lagos. One of these was the construction of a monument, the National Arts Theatre, which also accommodated the National Gallery of Art. Invariably, the presence of the Gallery made the Arts Theatre management allocate the premises of the Theatre to some notable Nigerian artists for use as Artists in Residence. The premises eventually, by 1980, became an institutional and inspirational workshop for budding Nigerian artists. The activities of the artists were so professionally accepted that it was named the National Studios of Art. However, at the time the Studio had become the centre of sound informal art training, it was given a relocation order which caused serious controversy between the Gallery and the artists. The artists eventually accepted the relocation order, and this, necessarily, led to changing the name to the Universal Studios of Art (USA). As the professional artists became globally known, the USA also became a tourist centre for both local and foreign visitors and artists. Till today, the activities of the USA continue to attract national and international attention. Very as unfortunately, no scholarly study of the Universal Studios of Art has been carried out, despite its outstanding professional qualities.. For many years, the artists have developed valuable art forms and art styles that have contributed to the advancement of modern Nigerian art. It is the objective of this article, therefore, to document the artists of the Universal Studios of Art.

Keywords

  • Arts Theatre
  • Budding Nigerian artists
  • Universal Studios of Art
  • Valuable art works
  • Advancement of Nigerian art
Open Access

8. Industrial Design: The Roles and Factors of Aesthetics, Modeling, Styling, Product Brand and Branding in Design/Design Education

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 186 - 199

Abstract

Abstract

This paper examined the roles and factors of Aesthetics viz-a-viz those of modeling, styling and the product Brand (Branding) as viewed against their fundamental relevance as core ingredients for the actualization of any Design initiative and creative endeavour. These roles, influences and place of Aesthetics (and its allied components, makes up the very soul, content and essence of what the product is all about. Its Form, Shape, Morphological / physical attributes and characteristics. The paper established that the aesthetic components of beauty, colour, shape, (form) fonts, (lettering or typography) and all other general Aesthetic Ambience gives the given product the desired quality/beauty that it exudes to help determine its marketability / profitability as a Brand. The paper also reviewed the aspects /implications of these roles and influences on Design Education alongside highlighting the potentials of the Design Educator - learner experience, while exploiting the Teachers ability to effectively harmonise the various approaches and practices of a functional Design-led Educational programme viz-a-viz piloting such talents/skills achieved to practicable and useful ends as professionals in Design and Technology. The paper also seeks to establish that the roles and factors of modeling styling and Branding of the product which is best exemplified through the adaptation of Design inputs and features such as ornamentation, edge delineation, texture movement/flow of linear form, symmetry or Assymetry of shapes, colour, granularity (of matter/particles large or small) or coarseness, play of light (sunlight) and shade, transcendence (state of being or existence of a product beyond the limits of material experience) and that of total harmony. The paper recommends that for any product Brand to succeed it must incorporate all of the above components together with the inclusion of the other qualities that makes up the intangible content of the Brand such as, Brand Name, Logo, Tagline (catchphrase) the Graphics (elements of Design) Brand Shape, Brand colour, culminating in the establishment of what the Brand mission statement is about, its function, role or job it is intended to perform.

Keywords

  • Granularity/Coarseness,Transcendence of material
  • Alliteration
  • Initialism
  • Neologisms of Brand
  • “Form Begat Form”
  • Form Follows Function
Open Access

9. The Importance of the Drawing in the Artistic Creation Process

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 200 - 206

Abstract

Abstract

In this academic paper I want to highlight the importance of the drawing and its purpose in the visual artist's creative effort which is in full artistic activity. I will illustrate what I have said previously with the drawings by artists such as Dürer Alfred, Alberto Giacometti, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Andeea Paladio and others artists who have created numerous drawings to study, or as the remarkable artworks. So, during the artistic process the sculptors, the painters or the architects draw to study, to remember or to clarify their own ideas. Many drawings are straightforward, with a single-purpose and spontaneous, but often are an intuitive response to an experience or an idea which must be necessarily put on paper. These studies are often the means by which the artists develop passages which is meant to be incorporated in a detailed and complex art composition.

Keywords

  • drawing
  • composition
  • spontaneous
  • creative effort
  • study
Open Access

10. Creativity and Innovation in Visual Arts through Form and Space Having Symbolic Value

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 207 - 216

Abstract

Abstract

The numerous plastic approaches of form in the 20th century are characterized by creativity and innovation. Form, as expression of an artistic language, is the cause and effect for the cultural evolution of a particular spatial-temporal area. The invention of forms depending on the factors which will impose them in a particular socio-cultural context and location environment is not everything. The challenges of the act of creation are far more complex. For the art of the 20th century, the role of the type of expression in visual or gestural language proved much more convincing and meaningful as to the data or phenomena occurring in immediate reality. The personality of the artist, his cultural character, his media coverage and exterior influences of his inner world, his preceding experiences and receiver’s contacts in a specific area are the factors that influence the relation between the work of art and the audience against a particular spatial-temporal background. The psychological and sensory processes in works of plastic art are spatially configured in structures, which leads to self-confession. The artist filters the information and the elements of exterior reality through the vision of his imagination and power of expression specific to his inner self, and turns them into values through the involvement of his state of mind. Constantin Brâncuşi is the sculptor whose role was considered exponential as he revolutionized modern artistic vision by integrating and creating space-form relations through symbol. Throughout his complex work - the Group of Monumental Sculptures of Tg. Jiu, the artist renewed the language of the sculpture-specific means of expression, though archaic forms, by restoring traditional art. Archetypes often make reference to the initial and ideal form and they represent the primitive and native models composing it. Form attracts, polarizes and integrates the energy of the matter outside the human body, and art acquires a unifying function for the senses of our spirit. We identify the forms developed by the junction between fantastic forms, the figments of the imagination of artists who communicate deep human meanings. They invite us in a world of constructive forms and mysteries, truly innovative and elaborate creations, by underlying different directions in the compositional space with symbolic value.

Keywords

  • art
  • creativity
  • innovation
  • form
  • space
Open Access

11. Modern Teaching Methods in Creative Workshop Fashion Design Courses

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 217 - 220

Abstract

Abstract

The aim of this article is to specify and exemplify the stages of the creative process in fashion design courses and workshops, with a focus on a few learning methods exploring the creative potential through content and visual analysis processes as well as more practical techniques and methods in the area of fashion design and applied arts. From scientific documentation to pedagogical experiments, a range of methods have been used to enable students fulfill their learning objectives and reach the apex of professional competence.

Keywords

  • method
  • teaching
  • design
  • visual
  • creativity
Open Access

12. The Visual Art from Iasi between Tradition and Innovation

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 221 - 226

Abstract

Abstract

After December 1989 in visual art from Iasi were produced numerous changes which have contributed to a new approach of the artistic phenomenon. That was the moment when a new generation of artists appeared and who, unshackle by the rigors of the communist regime, they have created artworks by experimenting the most varied ways of visual expression. An important aspect of this transition period is the place which visual art has it in the culture from Iasi and the aesthetic trends learned by the new generation alongside older artistic directions define the value of the contemporary cultural heritage from Iasi. Also, an important role in the presentation of the visual art from Iasi is the artistic education, which it‟s in a constant development with the advent of new specializations within the Faculty of Visual Arts and Design, highlighting the artistic and scientific potential of the professors and the students of „George Enescu“ Național University of Arts from Iasi.

Keywords

  • artistic phenomenon
  • the new generation
  • visual expression
  • transition

Part IV. Education

Open Access

1. Emotional Development through Art Expressions

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 227 - 238

Abstract

Abstract

Aesthetic education forms and develops a mental quality of the individual, namely, general receptivity to the world and life. It can be said, however, that aesthetic education includes a multiplicity of meanings, formative and educative in relation to personality. All this has a profound echo in the whole personality, whether at the emotional or behavioral level. Art touches and contributes to creating prints from which the later emotional pleasure, taste, artistic judgment and discernment on human values will develop. Emotion refers not only to the aesthetics but involves more often, ethics, behavioral preferences in choosing one or another conduct. Emotions enrich the register of artistic self-expression and complements the temperamental and the character profile of a person. Here we analyze these relevant issues in an experiment conducted at the “Elena Cuza” Primary School of Iasi, Romania. We also present the conclusions of Art Intervention in school for these students. Art intervention in school can become an affective-emotional aim in educator-student relationship and may have important, long term evolutionary consequences, referring to the achievement of personal ideals and efficiency of educational activity.

Keywords

  • emotion
  • behavior
  • art
  • aesthetic education
  • art intervention
Open Access

2. The Concept of “Modelarium” and its Impact on Creativity And Artistic Education

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 239 - 248

Abstract

Abstract

Students and Teachers are an epic symbiosis in process of direct learning and academic advancement. Nowadays, this interaction is more bonded and interdependent with technology and equipment‟s, which in a whole system expands learning horizons. The digital era has introduced in the education system new modes of learning, a new way of life and style in schooling. This phenomenon changed the methods of teaching in universities, where lectures were accompanied with concrete explanations of works in modeling, in structural and conceptual sense. The relationship between a student of architecture and teachers broadened with introduction of computer aided modeling and simulation tools to construct those ideas into the reality. The study presented in this paper investigates conceptual methods in art, architecture, creativity and innovation in academic education, focusing on interactive teaching issues, and methods. The research methods consist of empirical observation carried out during 25 years of experience in academia, and direct observation of teaching methods. The purpose of this paper is to examine the evolutive process in teaching relations between architectural students and teachers, with the focus in educational competencies and communication skills. Findings indicate that through artistic concepts of “Modelarium” as an unconventional learning space, a tool and space that enables the partnership. An informal meeting place for artistic interaction, but, concurrently it is a formal part of the educational system in architectural studies, a strategy by which we can bring more: time, conceptual awareness of space and interactive teaching in architecture, which bonds multidimensional threads between students and teachers; thus, fostering a powerful sense of partnership, avoiding boredom and passive learning, while facing the challenges, associated with the development of technology, life style, real issues and global world trends. Research suggests that uniform and/or partially new strategy, cannot respond to all specific issues faced by students in day to day basis. Therefore, new teaching strategies must involve new partnerships, a brand new and a redefined role as a holistic symbiosis, as an response to a less functional and/or conventional academic system. Partnership, a new working symbiosis between students and teachers is an answer to the needs of working together simultaneously towards continuous improvement of academia processes.

Keywords

  • Education
  • Architecture
  • Modeling
  • Art
  • Academia
  • Partnership
Open Access

3. Industrial Design and Contextualism: The Applied Arts Constituent/ Curriculum Imperatives in Design Practice and Education

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 249 - 261

Abstract

Abstract

This paper examined the Curriculum imperatives of Industrial design education and the Contextualism of the principles and practice of disciplines such as Applied Arts and Industrial Design viz-a-viz their constituent and contextual roles and place in design practice/ Industry. The issue of contextualism as it relates to Design and the Applied Arts according to DeRose, K. (2009) would seem to mean a collection of views, theories, principles or philosophy of Design / applied Arts which seems to emphasize the context in which the action principles or purpose of design is understood relative to such a context. ie. In Design, the principles and practice of Applied Arts / Design disciplines (such as in Architecture) for example, contextualism refers to that theory of design in which modern / contemporary designs (buildings, products or structures) are harmonized together with the contemporary design ideals, forms and characteristics peculiar to modern ways/styles of living. (Jencks, 2002).

This informed the need and thrust of this paper which was predicated on the consideration of contextualing such a role/place of the Applied Arts as a constituent of Design and spotlighting it to be innately and intrinsically connected to the resultative man-made material culture and society. The paper also seeks to establish that the principles and practice of Design education emphasises the Teacher-learner relationship which is aimed at imparting credible problem solving skills and initiatives such as drawing, drafting (draught-manship), modeling or sculpting (in clay or industrial plasticine) styling and prototype creation (realized by moulding/shaping of the clay material to assume any contour, shape, form or topology of the given object) in ordeer to achieve that innate context and desire for the perfect product so designed. This paper recommends that for any design to succeed it must emplace (strictly) a well articulated Industrial Design Curriculum which elucidates those Applied Arts principles and practice as a constituent/major component part in the Design process of manufacture of any given design initiative.

Keywords

  • Algorithmic / Heuristic Approaches
  • Contextualism
  • Design Curriculum/ Education
  • Ideation
  • Industrial Plasticine
  • “Partipris”
  • Polymer Clay
Open Access

4. Kazeem Olojo: A Professional Painter and an Art Instructor Universal Studios of Art, Lagos, Nigeria

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 262 - 270

Abstract

Abstract

The works of art are priceless going by the quality of works exhibited by an artist. The artist tends to describe a particular scene near to the natural object in question. In the 15th and 16th centuries , France relayed on the impressionists who graduated from workshops and schools of apprentice in the likes of Gauguin, Monet, Manet, Degas, Renoir Cezanne, Delacroix and others to capture scenes of the Parisian country side that existed long age. The artist and his works remain indispensible to the existing societies. This form of art venture is not new to Nigeria where schools and workshops of apprenticeship exist. In Nigeria, the existing heritage and traditions if not for the artists will not be translated into art by the artists particularly painters like Dale, Oshinowo, Oguntokun, Emokpae, El-Dragg and others. The existence of workshops and schools of learning art have trained more artists to keep the aesthetical values of art. The society would be no doubt an unpleasant community without a touch of the arts. The artists who on daily bases create by painting, sculpting to make the environment a pleasurable place remain an important factor in the society.

Keywords

  • Workshops and Schools
  • Apprenticeship
  • Heritage and Traditions
  • Aesthetical values
  • Society
Open Access

5. Study of Arts Teachers’ Vision on Supporting “Artistic Talent”

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 271 - 276

Abstract

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to find out the arts teachers’ opinion regarding the three issues related to the strategies aimed to support pupils with artistic talent: what is? who supports? how do they support? the artistic talent. Three goals lead us to this aim: to sketch the profile of the pupils with artistic talent, depending on their conduct and needs; the identification of the activities to support these special children; the identification of the extent to which different institutions get involved in supporting the pupils with artistic talent. To achieve these goals, we used the opinion poll as a research method and the created instrument was represented by a five-item questionnaire - four of them requiring open answers and one for closed answers. A total of 29 teachers of visual arts and music education, theoretical and interpretive, were selected for this study. The obtained results brought us close to the image that the teachers have on the artistic talent phenomenon. According to the teachers, the artistic talent is visible if we pay attention to four fields: creativity, passion, harnessing talent, specific skills. Meeting the needs (material, emotional support, socialization with peers, recognition of their talent) can be sources of shaping the educational strategies to support pupils with artistic talent by the main responsible institutions - the Ministry of Education, inspectorates, schools, NGOs.

Keywords

  • artistic talent
  • vision of teachers
  • talented students
  • educational strategies
Open Access

6. Strategies for Modelling the Educational Process from the Perspective of Internal Resources Stimulation of the Child

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 277 - 283

Abstract

Abstract

The article reflects an attempt to rethink the methodology of organizing the pedagogical process, oriented towards the development of “the humane in the person”, shifting its focus onto stimulating children’s inner resources. The emphasis is shifted from the teaching, learning and assessment processes, focused on research of the surrounding reality towards the exploitation of the child's innate potentials, the ability to know his inner world.

Maintaining the innate resources of each learner will require from teacher of post-modern school the application of techniques to create the necessary social and psychological conditions, to provide a path for learners’ individual development. Thus, each child will have the chance to realize their potential talent, including sensitive dimension of their spiritual and moral world, this representing the authors’ research subject.

Keywords

  • child
  • emotional intelligence
  • spiritual intelligence
  • moral reasoning
  • artpedagogical strategies
Open Access

7. Professor of Art Paradigms: Theoretical and Applied Approaches

Published Online: 17 Mar 2017
Page range: 284 - 303

Abstract

Abstract

The present article describes purposes, learning content and requirements of an educational academic and postgraduate (internships for teachers) process, focused on teacher training in respect of the most subtle and valuable framework for education, the achievement of the individual potential of each pupil, qualified as a unique personality. Therefore, it is proposed a synthesis on the formative program geared towards the assimilation of the future and current teachers of artistic disciplines (music, choreography, painting) of the action and behavioral models appropriate to the domain, to the effectively organization of individualized educational process.

Keywords

  • teacher of artistic disciplines
  • training program
  • learning content
  • purposes
  • professional competence
  • effectiveness of teacher’s actions
  • innovative praxeology
  • renovation in artistic education
  • originality of thought
  • creativity
  • proactivity

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