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Volume 24 (2022): Issue 1 (April 2022)

Volume 23 (2022): Issue 1 (April 2022)

Volume 22 (2021): Issue 1 (June 2021)

Volume 21 (2021): Issue 1 (June 2021)

Volume 20 (2020): Issue 1 (April 2020)

Volume 19 (2020): Issue 1 (April 2020)

Volume 18 (2019): Issue 1 (March 2019)

Volume 17 (2019): Issue 1 (March 2019)

Volume 16 (2018): Issue 1 (March 2018)

Volume 15 (2018): Issue 1 (March 2018)

Volume 14 (2017): Issue 1 (March 2017)
Open Issue

Volume 13 (2017): Issue 1 (March 2017)
Open Issue

Volume 12 (2016): Issue 2 (March 2016)

Volume 11 (2016): Issue 1 (March 2016)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2501-238X
First Published
16 Apr 2016
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English

Search

Volume 12 (2016): Issue 2 (March 2016)

Journal Details
Format
Journal
eISSN
2501-238X
First Published
16 Apr 2016
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English

Search

16 Articles

Part III: Fine Arts

Open Access

1. Several Considerations on the Settlements and Buildings of the First Neolithic Period on Romanian Territory

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 167 - 174

Abstract

Abstract

This study will only deal with the Neolithic period which we distinguish from the Eneolithic one in the sense that in this period man only used tools made of stone and later on, in Eneolithic (Chalcolithic), he started using copper. In its first period, the Neolithic has new characteristics as a result of the progress of human communities; thus, as opposed to the Palaeolithic, man starts a new period with changed “clothes”. Firstly, man now starts to create and appreciate beauty as the Palaeolithic art did not have aesthetic purposes. But an important transformation regards the habitat, Neolithic settlements and buildings reflecting the increasing stability of communities, thus taking a step forward from Palaeolithic and their evolution to the higher levels of the future society, the Eneolithic one.

Keywords

  • Neolithic
  • Eneolithic
  • living hole
  • nomad agriculture
  • palisade
  • sanctuary
Open Access

2. The Openness of the Visual Art Curriculum towards a New Visual Art Language

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 175 - 182

Abstract

Abstract

Visual art curriculum should allow a wide range of activities to develop children's imagination and creativity, to provide a balanced framework for the harmonious development of people who can cope with the massive ammount of images that invade our daily lives. Contemporary art develops a new language - a hybrid language - which for now remains unknown to the majority of the public and it is not integrated into the Arts curriculum. General frame analysis reveals that Fine Arts are studied only up to the 10th grade, except for the humanity profile and for the vocational arts profile. School curricula stipulate fine arts study up to mid twentieth century. Openness towards contemporary art and the language of art starting with the second half of the twentieth century is quite limited even if the curriculum allows a certain flexibility in the approach.

Keywords

  • curriculum for visual arts
  • contemporary art
  • current syllabi
  • curriculum frameworks
Open Access

3. Developing by Drawing Creativity of Children Activities

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 183 - 188

Abstract

Abstract

The potential creativity elements can be expressivity, flexibility, fluency, brain sensibility as well as the qualities of the analyzers and temperamental characteristics which have an important role in triggering, developing and manifesting creativity. Here we must also take into account the relationship of the subject with the environment and educational factors. For the child, creativity has certain time limits that are determined by a multitude of factors such as: adaptation to new changes, will, creative type cognitive type, the feeling of duty and responsibility, ideal, surrounding atmosphere. In the current paperwork, we aimed to elevate the development level of creativity by plastic arts and we remarked that, in those plastic art activities where the basic method was the play, the efficient organization of the activities of plastic arts. The child is an active subject of knowledge who absorbs with lust the information proposed by the educator, he/she must be ready to receive more and more knowledge. The main task of the adults is to create optimal conditions of discovery and achievement of his/her creative possibilities and to take into consideration the individuality of each child.

Keywords

  • creativity
  • expressivity
  • flexibility
  • fluency
  • cognitive interest
Open Access

4. Principles of Art from Antiquity to Contemporary Pedagogy in the Context of Methodology of Art Education

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 189 - 198

Abstract

Abstract

The methodologies of Art Education is a system of educational documents - principles, rules, methods, procedures, forms - designed determinative - reflective thinking from teleology, content, communication arts / cultural / scientific, reception and receiver topic communicating, and are subject oriented educated / creator student under the laws of education, communication and artistic principles.

Keywords

  • art principles
  • methodology of art education
Open Access

5. Bessarabian in the Modern Engraving Constitution and Interference with its European Art

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 199 - 203

Abstract

Abstract

Runing the new century (XX) attests in Bessarabian art, the experience of several decades of professional artistic activity (the first Evening School of Drawing appears in Chisinau in 1887 and is due scholar Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg, Terinte Zubcu). Such short experience has not met any of the neighboring countries' national schools. In Bessarabia from the beginning of the twentieth century is established the main areas of professional art – painting- with remarkable portraits, landscapes, genre paintings; sculpture with respective genres; stampa as a kind of graphics. Marked by the period and by the influences of art schools, where Bessarabians have studied, it is clear that in painting and sculpture and graphics in the first round, have dominated peredvizhnik influences their color and monochrome theme. Guidelines of Bessarabian plastic artists in the development phase of modern art, is the decisive moment of establishment of the Bessarabian engraving as a kind of professional art, marked by tendencies that have appeared in European art and Russian at the limit of nineteenth and twentieth centuries, such as Expressionism in the works of Sneer Cogan, George Ceglocof and Art 1900 in the works of Theodor Kiriacoff, Elisabeth Ivanovsky or Moissey Kogan.

Keywords

  • engraving
  • art school
  • artists
  • exhibition
  • artistic center

Part IV: Education

Open Access

1. Challenges to Understanding Curriculum Development: Lessons from a Pedagogy Class with Arts Pre-Service Student-Teachers

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 204 - 208

Abstract

Abstract

The intent to structure valuable learning experiences, focusing on student-teachers’ exercise of pedagogical creativity and informed critical reasoning, may prove particularly challenging in the current national curriculum for pre-service teacher education. It is proposed here a reflective view of the challenges to arts pre-service student-teachers understandings of concepts and processes related to curriculum development; findings of previous empirical exploratory research questioning student-teachers conceptions of learning, and identity issues related to induction practices drawing heavily on apprenticeship models of learning feed into the proposed analysis. It is concluded on possible conceptual and methodological shifts towards understanding learning in teacher education.

Keywords

  • challenges
  • learning
  • teacher education
  • curriculum development
Open Access

2. Artistic Personality in the Light of Socio - Cultural Integration

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 209 - 220

Abstract

Abstract

Artistic personality was interpreted in various ways through the ages. The power of creativity, individual perseverance and imaginative force made the artist a special person, different from most people, being equipped with unique, unrepeatable skills. This paper presents some of the most important approaches to the personality of the creator, from the questionable Freudian theory to the psycho-biological approaches of Peckham. Through his works, the artist expresses not only his personal anxieties or emotional ardent feelings but also, reflects a conscious level of the social group, being himself adapted to human values, characteristic of the era and society to which he belongs. Maybe, sometimes, wrong regarded as deviant personalities or too much exposed to excesses, artists remain, undoubtedly, brave in Creativity, in the cultural and social original development process. Their integration in this ensemble completes the picture we have about development and social evolution, and gives us access to more elevated human values.

Keywords

  • artist
  • culture
  • society
  • social development
  • creativity
Open Access

3. The Formation of Musical Competences: Methodological Approachesin the Process of Artistic-Aesthetic Acquisition

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 221 - 230

Abstract

Abstract

The article hereby includes conceptual aspects of the musical competences formation. It describes the realization of this process operating with the concepts of well-known occidental, Russian and local researchers. One of the ideas characteristic to the researchers’ pedagogical thinking is that, during the process of musical competence formation through art, the acquisition process mechanism is happening. For integrity in insuring the practical realization at of a musical education, the methodology we propose is based on research, an imposing theoretical network of successful pedagogical practices of remarkable scientists from all over the world. The analyzed theories are a source of inspiration and constitute the theoretical universe which contributes to as truthful as possible musical education.

Keywords

  • musical competences
  • the fields of art
  • musical acquisition
  • musical education
  • the mechanism of acquisition
Open Access

4. Valorizations of Theoretical Models of Giftedness and Talent in Defining of Artistic Talent

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 231 - 239

Abstract

Abstract

Artistic talent has been defined in various contexts and registers a variety of meanings, more or less operational. From the perspective of pedagogical intervention, it is imperative understanding artistic talent trough the theoretical models of giftedness and talent. So, the aim of the study is to realize a review of the most popular of the theoretical models of giftedness and talent, with identification of the place of artistic talent and the new meanings that artistic talent has in each one. Research methodology requires a meticulous documentation and access to primary bibliographic sources. The investigation allowed us to notice that most of the models and theories of giftedness explain the phenomenon through its multidimensionality, and in this context the concept of talent is considered or component of giftedness (Feldhusen), or the concepts of giftedness and talent are discussed as synonymous (Tanenbaum, Renzulli, Heller), or the concepts of giftedness and talent are considered as distinct (Gagne). There are authors who approach the concept of giftedness without any mentioning of talent (Gardner, Sternberg). From the contribution of theoretical models of giftedness and talent to understanding of artistic talent we mention: Feldhusen describes the creative-artistic talent in the classification of the talents by their relationship with curriculum areas; Tanenbaum also carries a classification of talent by their contribution to society and considers the artists, the musicians, the actors and the writers as talents that beautifies the world, calling them “surplus talents”; Gagne, who discuss the phenomenon from the perspective of human skills development and who places the giftedness at the potentiality pole and the talent at the performance pole, includes the artistic talent on the list of various types of talents and explain the factors involved in its development; Heller, Ziggler provides explanations of talent development in the light of a new research in the field of expertise, and we can particularly apply to the artistic talent. The results of the present research are the starting point of a personal trail of understanding of artistic talent, indispensable for theoretical and/or applicative approaches of any researcher interested in the psycho-pedagogy of excellence.

Keywords

  • giftedness
  • talent
  • theoretical models
  • artistic talent
Open Access

5. Creative Approaches in the Education of Students with Severe Multiple Disability

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 240 - 252

Abstract

Abstract

The paper presents an empirical study in the area of special education, which clarifies the function of creative techniques, their application, pupils’ preferences and implementation of creative techniques in the processes of special education intervention in pupils with severe multiple disability. According to the current scientific concept, creative approaches in Czech special education are represented by various applications of artistic means in education. The methodology focus of the study is quality-based. Data collection was performed by means of interviews with 40 teachers, observations of 4 pupils during education and a content analysis of educational documents of 30 pupils. The analysis was performed by means of the embedded theory approach. The paper assesses the contribution of the study to special education in a practical context as well as delivery of artistic-oriented courses.

Keywords

  • creative approaches
  • multiple disability
  • special education
  • artistic education
Open Access

6. Variables and Constants in the Curriculum for the Music Specialisations of the Romanian University Education

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 253 - 262

Abstract

Abstract

The Romanian academic system must adapt to the changing demands imposed by the European educational standards, according to the conventions of Bologna and Lisbon. The compatibilisation of university paths in creating the curricula must consider the competences which are to be acquired. The responsibility belongs equally to the institutions providing academic programs, but also to the Romanian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education. We intend to analyse comparatively both the constant and variable elements of the academic programs for the Music field. The efficiency of these programs is particularly reflected from the point of view of insertion in the labour market, so the direct beneficiaries are the graduate students.

Keywords

  • standards
  • curriculum
  • music specialisations
  • labour market
Open Access

7. Innovative Visions over the Formation of the Teacher in the Arts

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 263 - 267

Abstract

Abstract

The present article describes purposes, learning content and requirements of an educational academic and postgraduate (internships for teachers) process, focused on teacher training in respect of the most subtle and valuable framework for education, the achievement of the individual potential of each pupil, qualified as a unique personality. Therefore, it is proposed a synthesis on the formative program geared towards the assimilation of the future and current teachers of artistic disciplines (music, choreography, painting) of the action and behavioral models appropriate to the domain, to the effectively organization of individualized educational process.

Keywords

  • teacher of artistic disciplines
  • training program
  • learning content
  • purposes
  • professional competence
  • the effectiveness of teacher’s actions
Open Access

8. Therapeutic and Educational Potential of Combining Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Art – Qualitative Analysis of a Case Study

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 268 - 276

Abstract

Abstract

Cognitive behavioural psychotherapy is, just like other psychotherapeutic systems, of an eclectic nature. Should a therapist be successful across a wide range of issues, he/she needs to be adaptable, flexible and eclectic in terms of the techniques applied. Eclectically oriented therapists use a wide range of interventions; however, they adhere to individual theoretical structures. The aim of the paper is to point out the application of a combination of artistic activities within the system of the Cognitive behavioural therapy. For this purpose the paper presents a qualitative analysis of two case studies. We formulated the following research questions. Can the methods of combining the cognitive behavioural therapy and art accelerate the course of therapy? Can the methods of combining the cognitive behavioural therapy and art be perceived by the client as effective? The phenomenon investigated in the case study is a functional analysis of a client’s case and subsequent application of therapeutic and educational techniques of the Cognitive behavioural therapy and art. In both case studies it was demonstrated that the involvement of therapeutic elements accelerated the course of therapy. The clients in the research sample assessed the therapy as beneficial.

Keywords

  • ognitive behavioural psychotherapy
  • arts
  • special education
  • behavioural drama
Open Access

9. Evaluation of an Art Therapy Programme for Clients with Difficult Life Situations

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 277 - 283

Abstract

Abstract

The paper evaluates selected art therapy programmes (NAT=19) that were realized by therapeutic pedagogues – art therapists in the years 2009-2014 as parts of research projects. The quantitative aspect of the research processes the fulfilment of the conditions of art therapy programmes. In the framework of interpretative phenomenological analysis, we processed the data of each category as a part of the qualitative aspect of the research and supplemented them with authentic statements of clients (NP=8). The quantitative and qualitative aspect indicates a narrower characterisation of art therapy programmes in the group of clients with difficult life situations.

Keywords

  • art therapy
  • therapeutic education
  • evaluation
Open Access

10. Utilization of Narrative Approach in Art Therapy in Children with Behavioural Problems

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 284 - 289

Abstract

Abstract

The article deals with the possibilities of applying narrative approach in art therapy context and focuses on the situation of problems in social and cultural contexts, the development of alternative stories, and externalization as one of the basic techniques of narrative therapy. Along with looking for dominant, alternative and preferred stories, externalization develops potential for therapeutic and education intervention in individuals of various target groups. The article focuses, in particular, on children exhibiting problematic behaviour and disordered behaviour. The objective is to find the points interconnecting narrative therapy and art therapy in the creative potential and artistic anchorage, which, along with expression, embody a challenge of new opportunities to find new ways, methods and approaches.

Keywords

  • narrative approach
  • art therapy
  • children
  • behavioural problem
  • exteranlization
Open Access

11. Creative Interdisciplinary Math Lessons by Means of Music Activities

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 290 - 296

Abstract

Abstract

The goal of the paper is to introduce the project Comenius “EMP-Maths”, entitled ‘Providing Mathematics with Music Activities’, in which seven European countries took part. The key chapter is devoted to music activities that Slovak team integrated in the school subject of Mathematics. Music activities were selected and designed in accordance with the content of school subject Mathematics. To each particular theme the project solvers designed methodologies and didactic musical games, contests, music and drama exercises. The authoresses illustrate in detail one example of this integration which was presented during the meeting of 7 European countries in Barcelona in January 2015. Their illustration refers to interconnection of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor goals of both school subjects to develop musical and mathematical abilities of 11 – 12 year old elementary school pupils.

Keywords

  • Mathematics
  • music
  • project
  • creativity
  • experiential learning
16 Articles

Part III: Fine Arts

Open Access

1. Several Considerations on the Settlements and Buildings of the First Neolithic Period on Romanian Territory

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 167 - 174

Abstract

Abstract

This study will only deal with the Neolithic period which we distinguish from the Eneolithic one in the sense that in this period man only used tools made of stone and later on, in Eneolithic (Chalcolithic), he started using copper. In its first period, the Neolithic has new characteristics as a result of the progress of human communities; thus, as opposed to the Palaeolithic, man starts a new period with changed “clothes”. Firstly, man now starts to create and appreciate beauty as the Palaeolithic art did not have aesthetic purposes. But an important transformation regards the habitat, Neolithic settlements and buildings reflecting the increasing stability of communities, thus taking a step forward from Palaeolithic and their evolution to the higher levels of the future society, the Eneolithic one.

Keywords

  • Neolithic
  • Eneolithic
  • living hole
  • nomad agriculture
  • palisade
  • sanctuary
Open Access

2. The Openness of the Visual Art Curriculum towards a New Visual Art Language

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 175 - 182

Abstract

Abstract

Visual art curriculum should allow a wide range of activities to develop children's imagination and creativity, to provide a balanced framework for the harmonious development of people who can cope with the massive ammount of images that invade our daily lives. Contemporary art develops a new language - a hybrid language - which for now remains unknown to the majority of the public and it is not integrated into the Arts curriculum. General frame analysis reveals that Fine Arts are studied only up to the 10th grade, except for the humanity profile and for the vocational arts profile. School curricula stipulate fine arts study up to mid twentieth century. Openness towards contemporary art and the language of art starting with the second half of the twentieth century is quite limited even if the curriculum allows a certain flexibility in the approach.

Keywords

  • curriculum for visual arts
  • contemporary art
  • current syllabi
  • curriculum frameworks
Open Access

3. Developing by Drawing Creativity of Children Activities

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 183 - 188

Abstract

Abstract

The potential creativity elements can be expressivity, flexibility, fluency, brain sensibility as well as the qualities of the analyzers and temperamental characteristics which have an important role in triggering, developing and manifesting creativity. Here we must also take into account the relationship of the subject with the environment and educational factors. For the child, creativity has certain time limits that are determined by a multitude of factors such as: adaptation to new changes, will, creative type cognitive type, the feeling of duty and responsibility, ideal, surrounding atmosphere. In the current paperwork, we aimed to elevate the development level of creativity by plastic arts and we remarked that, in those plastic art activities where the basic method was the play, the efficient organization of the activities of plastic arts. The child is an active subject of knowledge who absorbs with lust the information proposed by the educator, he/she must be ready to receive more and more knowledge. The main task of the adults is to create optimal conditions of discovery and achievement of his/her creative possibilities and to take into consideration the individuality of each child.

Keywords

  • creativity
  • expressivity
  • flexibility
  • fluency
  • cognitive interest
Open Access

4. Principles of Art from Antiquity to Contemporary Pedagogy in the Context of Methodology of Art Education

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 189 - 198

Abstract

Abstract

The methodologies of Art Education is a system of educational documents - principles, rules, methods, procedures, forms - designed determinative - reflective thinking from teleology, content, communication arts / cultural / scientific, reception and receiver topic communicating, and are subject oriented educated / creator student under the laws of education, communication and artistic principles.

Keywords

  • art principles
  • methodology of art education
Open Access

5. Bessarabian in the Modern Engraving Constitution and Interference with its European Art

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 199 - 203

Abstract

Abstract

Runing the new century (XX) attests in Bessarabian art, the experience of several decades of professional artistic activity (the first Evening School of Drawing appears in Chisinau in 1887 and is due scholar Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg, Terinte Zubcu). Such short experience has not met any of the neighboring countries' national schools. In Bessarabia from the beginning of the twentieth century is established the main areas of professional art – painting- with remarkable portraits, landscapes, genre paintings; sculpture with respective genres; stampa as a kind of graphics. Marked by the period and by the influences of art schools, where Bessarabians have studied, it is clear that in painting and sculpture and graphics in the first round, have dominated peredvizhnik influences their color and monochrome theme. Guidelines of Bessarabian plastic artists in the development phase of modern art, is the decisive moment of establishment of the Bessarabian engraving as a kind of professional art, marked by tendencies that have appeared in European art and Russian at the limit of nineteenth and twentieth centuries, such as Expressionism in the works of Sneer Cogan, George Ceglocof and Art 1900 in the works of Theodor Kiriacoff, Elisabeth Ivanovsky or Moissey Kogan.

Keywords

  • engraving
  • art school
  • artists
  • exhibition
  • artistic center

Part IV: Education

Open Access

1. Challenges to Understanding Curriculum Development: Lessons from a Pedagogy Class with Arts Pre-Service Student-Teachers

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 204 - 208

Abstract

Abstract

The intent to structure valuable learning experiences, focusing on student-teachers’ exercise of pedagogical creativity and informed critical reasoning, may prove particularly challenging in the current national curriculum for pre-service teacher education. It is proposed here a reflective view of the challenges to arts pre-service student-teachers understandings of concepts and processes related to curriculum development; findings of previous empirical exploratory research questioning student-teachers conceptions of learning, and identity issues related to induction practices drawing heavily on apprenticeship models of learning feed into the proposed analysis. It is concluded on possible conceptual and methodological shifts towards understanding learning in teacher education.

Keywords

  • challenges
  • learning
  • teacher education
  • curriculum development
Open Access

2. Artistic Personality in the Light of Socio - Cultural Integration

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 209 - 220

Abstract

Abstract

Artistic personality was interpreted in various ways through the ages. The power of creativity, individual perseverance and imaginative force made the artist a special person, different from most people, being equipped with unique, unrepeatable skills. This paper presents some of the most important approaches to the personality of the creator, from the questionable Freudian theory to the psycho-biological approaches of Peckham. Through his works, the artist expresses not only his personal anxieties or emotional ardent feelings but also, reflects a conscious level of the social group, being himself adapted to human values, characteristic of the era and society to which he belongs. Maybe, sometimes, wrong regarded as deviant personalities or too much exposed to excesses, artists remain, undoubtedly, brave in Creativity, in the cultural and social original development process. Their integration in this ensemble completes the picture we have about development and social evolution, and gives us access to more elevated human values.

Keywords

  • artist
  • culture
  • society
  • social development
  • creativity
Open Access

3. The Formation of Musical Competences: Methodological Approachesin the Process of Artistic-Aesthetic Acquisition

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 221 - 230

Abstract

Abstract

The article hereby includes conceptual aspects of the musical competences formation. It describes the realization of this process operating with the concepts of well-known occidental, Russian and local researchers. One of the ideas characteristic to the researchers’ pedagogical thinking is that, during the process of musical competence formation through art, the acquisition process mechanism is happening. For integrity in insuring the practical realization at of a musical education, the methodology we propose is based on research, an imposing theoretical network of successful pedagogical practices of remarkable scientists from all over the world. The analyzed theories are a source of inspiration and constitute the theoretical universe which contributes to as truthful as possible musical education.

Keywords

  • musical competences
  • the fields of art
  • musical acquisition
  • musical education
  • the mechanism of acquisition
Open Access

4. Valorizations of Theoretical Models of Giftedness and Talent in Defining of Artistic Talent

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 231 - 239

Abstract

Abstract

Artistic talent has been defined in various contexts and registers a variety of meanings, more or less operational. From the perspective of pedagogical intervention, it is imperative understanding artistic talent trough the theoretical models of giftedness and talent. So, the aim of the study is to realize a review of the most popular of the theoretical models of giftedness and talent, with identification of the place of artistic talent and the new meanings that artistic talent has in each one. Research methodology requires a meticulous documentation and access to primary bibliographic sources. The investigation allowed us to notice that most of the models and theories of giftedness explain the phenomenon through its multidimensionality, and in this context the concept of talent is considered or component of giftedness (Feldhusen), or the concepts of giftedness and talent are discussed as synonymous (Tanenbaum, Renzulli, Heller), or the concepts of giftedness and talent are considered as distinct (Gagne). There are authors who approach the concept of giftedness without any mentioning of talent (Gardner, Sternberg). From the contribution of theoretical models of giftedness and talent to understanding of artistic talent we mention: Feldhusen describes the creative-artistic talent in the classification of the talents by their relationship with curriculum areas; Tanenbaum also carries a classification of talent by their contribution to society and considers the artists, the musicians, the actors and the writers as talents that beautifies the world, calling them “surplus talents”; Gagne, who discuss the phenomenon from the perspective of human skills development and who places the giftedness at the potentiality pole and the talent at the performance pole, includes the artistic talent on the list of various types of talents and explain the factors involved in its development; Heller, Ziggler provides explanations of talent development in the light of a new research in the field of expertise, and we can particularly apply to the artistic talent. The results of the present research are the starting point of a personal trail of understanding of artistic talent, indispensable for theoretical and/or applicative approaches of any researcher interested in the psycho-pedagogy of excellence.

Keywords

  • giftedness
  • talent
  • theoretical models
  • artistic talent
Open Access

5. Creative Approaches in the Education of Students with Severe Multiple Disability

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 240 - 252

Abstract

Abstract

The paper presents an empirical study in the area of special education, which clarifies the function of creative techniques, their application, pupils’ preferences and implementation of creative techniques in the processes of special education intervention in pupils with severe multiple disability. According to the current scientific concept, creative approaches in Czech special education are represented by various applications of artistic means in education. The methodology focus of the study is quality-based. Data collection was performed by means of interviews with 40 teachers, observations of 4 pupils during education and a content analysis of educational documents of 30 pupils. The analysis was performed by means of the embedded theory approach. The paper assesses the contribution of the study to special education in a practical context as well as delivery of artistic-oriented courses.

Keywords

  • creative approaches
  • multiple disability
  • special education
  • artistic education
Open Access

6. Variables and Constants in the Curriculum for the Music Specialisations of the Romanian University Education

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 253 - 262

Abstract

Abstract

The Romanian academic system must adapt to the changing demands imposed by the European educational standards, according to the conventions of Bologna and Lisbon. The compatibilisation of university paths in creating the curricula must consider the competences which are to be acquired. The responsibility belongs equally to the institutions providing academic programs, but also to the Romanian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education. We intend to analyse comparatively both the constant and variable elements of the academic programs for the Music field. The efficiency of these programs is particularly reflected from the point of view of insertion in the labour market, so the direct beneficiaries are the graduate students.

Keywords

  • standards
  • curriculum
  • music specialisations
  • labour market
Open Access

7. Innovative Visions over the Formation of the Teacher in the Arts

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 263 - 267

Abstract

Abstract

The present article describes purposes, learning content and requirements of an educational academic and postgraduate (internships for teachers) process, focused on teacher training in respect of the most subtle and valuable framework for education, the achievement of the individual potential of each pupil, qualified as a unique personality. Therefore, it is proposed a synthesis on the formative program geared towards the assimilation of the future and current teachers of artistic disciplines (music, choreography, painting) of the action and behavioral models appropriate to the domain, to the effectively organization of individualized educational process.

Keywords

  • teacher of artistic disciplines
  • training program
  • learning content
  • purposes
  • professional competence
  • the effectiveness of teacher’s actions
Open Access

8. Therapeutic and Educational Potential of Combining Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Art – Qualitative Analysis of a Case Study

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 268 - 276

Abstract

Abstract

Cognitive behavioural psychotherapy is, just like other psychotherapeutic systems, of an eclectic nature. Should a therapist be successful across a wide range of issues, he/she needs to be adaptable, flexible and eclectic in terms of the techniques applied. Eclectically oriented therapists use a wide range of interventions; however, they adhere to individual theoretical structures. The aim of the paper is to point out the application of a combination of artistic activities within the system of the Cognitive behavioural therapy. For this purpose the paper presents a qualitative analysis of two case studies. We formulated the following research questions. Can the methods of combining the cognitive behavioural therapy and art accelerate the course of therapy? Can the methods of combining the cognitive behavioural therapy and art be perceived by the client as effective? The phenomenon investigated in the case study is a functional analysis of a client’s case and subsequent application of therapeutic and educational techniques of the Cognitive behavioural therapy and art. In both case studies it was demonstrated that the involvement of therapeutic elements accelerated the course of therapy. The clients in the research sample assessed the therapy as beneficial.

Keywords

  • ognitive behavioural psychotherapy
  • arts
  • special education
  • behavioural drama
Open Access

9. Evaluation of an Art Therapy Programme for Clients with Difficult Life Situations

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 277 - 283

Abstract

Abstract

The paper evaluates selected art therapy programmes (NAT=19) that were realized by therapeutic pedagogues – art therapists in the years 2009-2014 as parts of research projects. The quantitative aspect of the research processes the fulfilment of the conditions of art therapy programmes. In the framework of interpretative phenomenological analysis, we processed the data of each category as a part of the qualitative aspect of the research and supplemented them with authentic statements of clients (NP=8). The quantitative and qualitative aspect indicates a narrower characterisation of art therapy programmes in the group of clients with difficult life situations.

Keywords

  • art therapy
  • therapeutic education
  • evaluation
Open Access

10. Utilization of Narrative Approach in Art Therapy in Children with Behavioural Problems

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 284 - 289

Abstract

Abstract

The article deals with the possibilities of applying narrative approach in art therapy context and focuses on the situation of problems in social and cultural contexts, the development of alternative stories, and externalization as one of the basic techniques of narrative therapy. Along with looking for dominant, alternative and preferred stories, externalization develops potential for therapeutic and education intervention in individuals of various target groups. The article focuses, in particular, on children exhibiting problematic behaviour and disordered behaviour. The objective is to find the points interconnecting narrative therapy and art therapy in the creative potential and artistic anchorage, which, along with expression, embody a challenge of new opportunities to find new ways, methods and approaches.

Keywords

  • narrative approach
  • art therapy
  • children
  • behavioural problem
  • exteranlization
Open Access

11. Creative Interdisciplinary Math Lessons by Means of Music Activities

Published Online: 04 Apr 2016
Page range: 290 - 296

Abstract

Abstract

The goal of the paper is to introduce the project Comenius “EMP-Maths”, entitled ‘Providing Mathematics with Music Activities’, in which seven European countries took part. The key chapter is devoted to music activities that Slovak team integrated in the school subject of Mathematics. Music activities were selected and designed in accordance with the content of school subject Mathematics. To each particular theme the project solvers designed methodologies and didactic musical games, contests, music and drama exercises. The authoresses illustrate in detail one example of this integration which was presented during the meeting of 7 European countries in Barcelona in January 2015. Their illustration refers to interconnection of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor goals of both school subjects to develop musical and mathematical abilities of 11 – 12 year old elementary school pupils.

Keywords

  • Mathematics
  • music
  • project
  • creativity
  • experiential learning

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